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Full text of "A history of the New York stage from the first performance in 1732 to 1901"

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CLASS  OP  t8*8 


OF    THE 


Of  this  book  358  copies  have  been  printed  from  type^ 

of  which  5J  are  on  Japan  paper  and 

J05  on  deckle-edge  paper 




From  the  First  Performance  in 

1732  to  1901 



In  Three  Volumes 
Vol.  II 






Copyright,  igoj 
By  Dodd,  Mead  and  Company 

Published^  January,  1903 

AND   SON   •   CAMBRIDGE,  U.  S.  A. 

.».      t 


OF    THE 



Apollo  Rooms 23 

American  Art  Union 23 

Franklin  Museum 23 

White's  Opera  House 23 

American  Varieties 24 

Academy  of  Music 24 

Broadway  ATHENiCUM 

Buckley's  Hall 

New  Olymhc  Theatre 

Academy  of  the  Drama 

Metropolitan  Music  Hall 

The  Olympic 

German  Theatre 

Canterbury  Hall 

Palace  of  Mirrors 

Broadway  Theatre 

St.  Nicholas  Hall 

Heller's  Salon  Diabouque 

San  Francisco  Minstrels  Hall 


Metropolitan  Theatre 

Grand  Central  Theatre 

Tony  Pastor's  Opera  House 

Laura  Keene's  Varieties 

Jane  English's  Theatre 

Mrs.  John  Wood's  Olympic  Theatre 

Hitchcock's  Summer  Garden 

Pete  Morris'  Varieties 

Henry  Wood's  Marble  Hall 

The  Adelphi 

Hoym's  Theatre 

Tony  Pastor's  Theatre 

People's  Theatre 

Palace  Gardens 






















From  the  First  Performance  in 

1732  to  igoi 



In  Three  Volumes 
Vol.  II 




OF    THE 




Apollo  Rooms 33 

American  Art  Union 33 

Framrun  Museum 33 

White's  Opera  House 23 

American  Varieties 34 

Academy  of  Music 34 

Broadway  Athek£UH 115 

Bucklxy's  Hall 115 

New  Olympic  Theatre 116 

Academy  of  the  Drama 118 

Metropolitan  Music  Hall 118 

The  Olympic 119 

German  Theatre 119 

Canterbury  Hall 119 

Palace  of  Mirrors 119 

Broadway  Theatre no 

9r.  Nicholas  Hall iso 

Heller's  Salon  Diabouque 130 

San  Franosco  Minstrels  Hall lao 

White's  Athen-eum lai 

Mctropolitan  Theatre 131 

Grand  Central  Theatre iia 

Tony  Pastor's  Opera  House laa 

Laura  Keene's  Varieties 133 

Jane  English's  Theatre 146 

Mrs.  John  Wood's  Olympic  Theatre 146 

Hitchcock's  Summer  Garden 169 

Pete  Morris'  Varieties 169 

Henry  Wood's  Marble  Hall 169 

The  Adelphi ^1° 

Hoym's  Theatre 1 7° 

Tony  Pastor's  Theatre 171 

People's  Theatre i73 

Palace  Gardens 187 



Ndcon's  Cremorne  Gardens i88 

New  Bowery  Theatre 189 

New  Santa  Claus 222 

Harry  Whitby  &  Go's  Gircus 222 

Joe  Pentland's  Gircus 222 

Irving  Hall 222 

Amberg  Theatre « 224 

Irving  Place  Theatre 234 

California  Menagerie 244 

Firm  Avenue  Music  Hall 244 

Eustache's  Theatre 244 

Theatre  Oriental 244 

Wallace's  Theatre  (Thirteenth  Street) 244 

Germania  Theatre 303 

Star  Theatre 303 

Dodworth  Hall 343 

Wood's  Minstrel  Hall 344 

Wood's  Theatre 345 


Wood's  Theatre  Comique 347 

Lingard's  Theatre 348 

Theatre  Coboque 348 

Ndcon's  Alhambra 352 


Lent's  New  York  Circus 354 

New  Stadt  Theatre 356 

Windsor  Theatre 360 

Hebrew  Theatre 376 

Tesiple  of  Music 376 

Grand  Street  Theatre 376 

CuiARiNi's  Circus 376 


Broadway  Athen^um 377 

IxrcY  Rxxshton's  Theatre 377 

Worrell  SisncRs'  Nbw  York  Thutrk 

New  York  Theatre 379  and 

Globe  Thkatke 388,  393,  sod 

Ndcom's  Auphitheatrs 

Broadway  TIieatre 

Dalv's  Fifth  Avenue  Theatre 

Daly's  Broadway  Theatre 

Fox's  Broadway  Theatre 

Heller's  Wonder  Theatre 

Nbq,  Bryant's  Opera  House 

National  Theatre 

New  York  Cdicus 

Broadway  Novelty  Theatre 

New  Theatre  Couiqub 

Old  Lofnxfv  Street 

BuMYAN  Hall 

Firm  Avenue  Opera  House 

'  Brougham's  Theatre 

Fimi  Avenue  Theatre 

Fifth  Avenue  Hall 

MiMNiB  Cuuhincb'  Drawdk)  Rooh  Theatre 

Madison  Square  Theatre 

Hovt's  Madison  Square  Theatre 

Theatre  Fran^aise 

Lyceum  Theatre 

Haverly's  Thfatre 

FotWTKEN-m  Street  Theatre 

I.VRic  Hall 

Steinway  Hall 

Chahe's  Hall 

Riohth  Avenue  Opera  House 

IUnvakd's  MunUM 


WWtli'M  MiniEUM  AND  Menarerib 



BsL  >\imAY  Theatre 541 

Pvi.v's  Theatre 545 

H%RLE3i  Music  Hall 590 

M  x'VT  MoRRB  Theatre 590 

liiRLEM  Hall 590 

Alhimbra 590 

HiRTz's  Bijcx;  Theatre 590 

Ha^-har&et 591 

New-markct 591 

VMrjcicAN  Nickleodeon 591 

CiLKSu  Street  Museum 591 

Chslxerinc  Hall 591 

Buvxell's  Musel'm 398,  592  and  593 

Gu.%T  American  Museum 593 

Hirer's  Museum 593 

The  Recent 593 

FiFTM  AvENTE  Music  Hall 594 

MiXHATTAN  Opera  House 594 

Mixer's  Eighth  Avenue  Theatre 594 

ViR:T!ars  Theafre 594 

Thi  CfiLWi)  Central 594 

Cr-.iTTAU  Mabiixe  VARirnES 594 

MijoV  MiiJGET  Hall 595 

iikm^: FR  Hau 595 

C  ::MiU  Opera  House 595 

Kxrk>JAN   AUiAMBRA 595 

•  -.i-i  The%tre 595 

*  i.vT7.\:.  Park  Garden 595 

riii:  '  N  MMKR  Theatre 595 

'"»    Ml    THEArRE 596 

V-i*  N  I.r.%«TiK  Theatre 596 

T  :>"n-F«^"RTii  Street  Theatre 596 

^r•.%^■^  OifRA  House 596 

Lixkv's  Opera  House 596 



Allemania  Hall 596 

Robinson  Hall 596 

The  Bijou 597 

Parisian  Varieties 597 

New  York  Parislvn  Varieties 597 

The  Criterion 597 

Parisian  Vaudeville 597 

Sixteenth  Street  Theatre 597 

Mechanics'  Hall 597 

Old  Skating  Rink 597 

American  Insttfute 598 

Pike's  Opera  House 599 

Grand  Opera  House 599 


f*-*-*'.<-*'*-»*  ir*  ir»  *'*■»*%» 



HK  minstrel  faall  known  a*  The  Colueum  wai 
situated  at  448  Broadway,  near  Grand  Street,  in 
the  City  Assembly  Rooms  building,  and  was 
orifpnally  a  ball-room.  It  was  occupied  April  2, 
i8;t,  by  White  &  Horn's  Ethiopian  Minstrels. 
Buckley's  Serenaders  appeared  here  May  29, 1854, 
in  the  burlesque  opera,  "  Somntmbula,"  with  this 

ckcr  (Rodolpbe)     W.  Perci>al|Lin I.  J.  Hullra 

e(Akuio)    R.  BUbopBacUer   AtutSallj<Tberew«)T.S.WMldtiictoB 
(EJrtae)      C.  Swajtm  Bncklej]  DomDuUejCa  Noar]r)J.A.LoiMask 

This  boose  was  destroyed  by  fire  Dec.  30,  1854. 


A  CONCERT  hall  known  as  the  Chinese  Rooms  was  situated  at 
S39  and  541  Broadway,  west  side  above  Spring  Street.  The 
Bloomer  company  gave  their  first  concert  in  this  country  here  Sept. 
I,  i8ji.  They  consisted  entirely  of  ladies.  The  entertainment  com- 
prised gems  from  the  opera,  English,  Scotch,  Irish,  and  French 
songs,  ballads,  duets,  and  quartets,  and  several  of  the  new  Bloomer 
waltzes,  polkas,  etc,  and  they  appeared  in  Bloomer  costume.  MUe. 
Nathalie  Fitz  James,  a  voc^ist  ftvMn  Naples,  appeared,  and  sang 
several  songs  in  costume.     The  Bloomers  closed  Sept.  6. 

In  February,  1852,  the  name  of  this  place  was  changed  to  The 
BaoADWAT  Casino.  A  "  farewell "  concert  was  given  at  this  house 
br  W.  G.  Dietrich,  assisted  by  an  orchestra  of  fifty  performers. 
Robert  Heller,  the  magician,  made  his  first  appearance  in  America 
here.  Dec.  30,  1853.  John  E.  Owens  played  here  April  4,  with  his 
entertainment "  John  Owens'  Alpine  Rambles,"  an  ascent  of  Mont 
Bhiic,  founded  on  events  trf  his  European  tour,  embodying  sketches 


of  men  and  manners  on  the  Continent,  humorous  impersonations, 
startling  incidents  and  anecdotes,  illustrated  by  scenery.  Mr.  Owens' 
appearance  as  a  lecturer  was  a  complete  success. 


THE  Broadway  Casino  was,  in  June,  1853,  leased  by  Buckley's 
Minstrels,  who  gave  the  place  their  own  name.  They  con- 
verted it  into  an  elegant  theatre,  and  produced  burlesque  operas, 
elaborately  mounted,  handsomely  costumed,  and  admirably  sung. 
They  remained  here  three  years.  G.  Swayne  Bucklev  sang  the 
leading  tenor  rdles,  besides  giving  his  specialties  in  tne  olio  and 
singing  in  the  first  part.  "Cinderella"  had  a  run  of  six  months. 
Perham's  Seven  Mile  Mirror  Panorama  was  seen  here  October, 
1853,  and  afterwards  went  to  Academy  Hall.  Donetti's  acting 
Monkeys,  Dogs,  and  Goats  appeared  May,  1854.  A  benefit  to  the 
Boone  Children  was  given  Nov.  2,  1854.  Sunday  concerts  began 
Nov.  19,  with  Mons.  V.  Guerin  conductor.  The  Buckleys  pro- 
duced the  comic  opera  "  Le  Chalet,  or  Swiss  Cottage,"  Oct.  29, 
1855,  for  the  first  time  in  America.  Bishop  Buckley  acted  Natz 
Teyk,  W.  Percival  as  Corporal  Max,  and  Miss  Miller  as  Lizette. 
Swayne  Buckley  sang  his  old  laughing  song.  White's  Serenaders 
appeared  here  Aug.  25,  1856.  In  the  organization  were  W.  Penn 
Lehr,  T.  Prendergast,  Charley  White,  T.  B.  Isaacs,  W.  Vincent,  and 
J.  Sivori.  The  latter  is  still  now  living  in  this  city  and  practising 
medicine.  He  is  known  as  Dr.  Wheeler.  A  company  of  Chinese 
jugglers  appeared  here  Aug.  11,  1857.  Sept.  13,  1858,  Charles 
Grayler  commenced  a  series  of  lectures  on  the  history  and  progress 
of  the  French  and  Spanish  Missions  among  the  North  American 

This  building  became  notorious  as  The  Melodeon  Concert 
Hall.  Under  the  management  of  Frank  Rivers  and  Geo.  Lea,  the 
Melodeon  Concert  Hall  bscame  one  of  the  sights  of  New  York.  A 
benefit  was  given  to  Mike  Norton,  the  special  officer  of  the  house, 
Aug.  I,  when,  in  addition  to  the  regular  concert-hall  performances 
**  Tom  and  Jerry  "  was  presented.  A  number  of  professional  boxers 
had  "  set-tos,"  including  Mike  Norton,  Henry  Gribbon,  and  Barney 
Aaron.  Norton  was  afterwards  one  of  our  city  aldermen,  and  later 
represented  this  city  in  the  Assembly  at  Albany.  Lea  assumed  the 
management  Sept.  9^  1861,  and  opened  with  a  specialty  company, 
among  whom  were :  J.  H.  Ogden,  Annetta  Galetti  and  her  husband 
(Mons.  Velarde),  Ronzani,  Eva  Brent,  Ernestine  de  Faiber,  Kate  Pen- 
noyer,  Adele  Calla  (Mrs.  Zeke  Chamberlain),  Clara  Butler,  Gustave 
Theo  Bidaux,  Ben  Yates,  C.  McMillan,  Bob  Hart,  Denzer  Brothers, 
and  others.  The  admission  was  13  cents.  At  the  time  Mr.  Lea 
took  charge  the  place  was  losing  upward  of  ^300  weekly,  but  by 


iatroducing  an  mmy  of  performers  far  superior  to  those  in  any  other 
nmilar  establishment  in  the  city»  the  tide  of  fortune  soon  turned  in 
his  favor,  and  in  a  short  time  the  Melodeon  was  a  money-making 
iastitotion.  Sam  Cowell,  who  was  then  giving  entertainments  at 
the  Art  Union  with  poor  success,  was  engaged  by  Lea  at  ^1,000  for 
fear  weeks,  a  large  salary  in  those  days.  The  "  Only  Leon,"  after- 
wards of  Kdly  and  Leon's  minstrels,  made  his  first  appearance  on 
the  stage  here.  Gustave  Bidaux,  the  baritone  singer,  also  made  his 
dfbot  here.  Notwithstanding  the  great  success  of  this  place,  the 
** powers  that  be"  enacted  a  law  against  the  employment  of  waiter 
girls  in  concert  halls,  and  the  Melodeon  was  closed,  and  remained 
dark  until  P.  T.  Bamum  leased  it. 

Geoqpe  Lea  was  one  of  the  most  successful  managers  and  unsuc- 
oesifiil  financiers  ever  connected  with  theatrical  business.  He  had 
dboea  of  amusement  going  in  Washington,  Baltimore,  New  York, 
Brooklyn,  and  Detroit  at  the  same  time.  Having  accumulated  a 
iBrtmie,  be  dabbled  in  stocks,  but  Wall  Street  was  too  much  for  him, 
and  be  left  it  a  loser  bv  over  ^50,000.  Mr.  Lea  opened  a  drug 
ssore  in  Port  Jervis,  N.  Y.  and  was  local  manager  of  the  theatre  in 
that  city  for  some  time.  He  died  in  that  city  August  20,  1902,  from 
tnfinnities  doe  to  old  age.  He  was  bom  in  Paris,  France,  May  9^ 
1818.  Gustave  Bidaux  died  in  Hatboro,  N.  H.,  March  s,  i886. 
After  having  remained  unoccupied  for  some  time,  the  Chinese  Build- 
ing was  opened  in  September,  1863,  with  Van  Amburgh's  Mena- 
gerie, a  collection  of  wild  animals,  which  remained  here  during  the 
winter  of  1 863-^4.  After  this  it  was  untenanted  until  P.  T.  Banium 
leased  it,  and,  after  making  extensive  alterations,  opened  it  as  Bar- 
la^x's  New  Museum.  The  building  was  taken  down  and  rebuilt, 
and  to  promptlv  was  the  work  accomplished  that  the  establishment 
was  ready  for  ousiness  on  Wednesday,  Sept.  6,  1865.  In  addition 
to  the  museum  and  menagerie,  a  dramatic  companv  appeared  daily. 
The  staflf  of  die  establishment  was  as  follows :  Sole  proprietor  and 
manager,  P.  T.  Bamum ;  assistant  manager,  S.  Hurd ;  superinten- 
dent, Sylvester  Bleecker ;  stage  manager,  E.  F.  Taylor.  The  dra- 
matic corps  was:  H.  F.  Daly,  T.  Hsulaway,  J.  Bndgroan,  W.  L. 
Jamison,  J.  J.  Collins,  R.  J.  Johnson,  E.  Haviland,  M.  Vigotty,  R. 
Anderson,  T.  S.  Atkins,  E.  Stevens,  and  T.  Soutain,  Mrs.  J.  J.  Prior, 
Ifrs.  G.  Mdville,  Mrs.  W.  L.  Jamison,  Jennie  Cleaver,  H.  Higbie, 
Emma  Schdl  (danseuse),  Addie  Le  Brun,  Monell,  Le  Moyne,  Fen  ton, 
Thompaon,  Walker,  Henry,  Hill,  and  Radford,  and  a  corps  de  balUt. 

On  the  opening  afternoon  and  evening,  P.  T.  Bamum  delivered 
an  address  in  the  lecture  room,  followed  by  Marie  Macarte  in 
classical  scenes,  entitled  "The  Passions."  W.  B.  Harrison,  the 
extemporaneous  singer,  came  next,  followed  by  Master  Timothy 
with  a  dance  on  stilts.  "Children  of  Cyprus"  was  the  dramatic 
offering,  with  this  cast : 


Zoe    .... 

.  Mrs.  W,  L.  Jamison 

Benmonsoff     . 

.     .     .      T.  Hadaway 

Hassanbad      .    < 

.     .    .     .       Haviland 

Noureddin  .    . 

.     .     .    R.  ].  Johnson 

Pappillo      .    . 

.    .      Addle  Le  Brun 


.    .    .      Miss  Keheo 

Fair  Star     •    . 

.    .    .  Jennie  Ceaver 

Sanquinberk H.  F.  Daly 

Cherry Mrs.  J.  J.  Prior 

Mustapha J.  Bridgman 

Alexis W  L.  Jamison 

Ariana  (first  appearance  on  any  stage) 

H.  Higbie 

Inerine Emma  Scnell 

Grumnigra  ....    Mrs.  G.  Melville 

Among  the  curiosities  in  the  Museum  were  Woodroffe's  glass- 
blowersy  and  a  mammoth  turtle,  said  to  measure  8  ft.  and  4  in.  tip 
to  tip,  7  ft.  and  9  in.  across  his  back,  and  to  weigh  1,280  pounds. 
Sept.  18,  ''Sadak  and  Kalasrade"  was  produced.  John  Hanks 
lectured  there  every  day.  "The  Roll  pf  the  Drum"  was  given 
Sept.  25,  and  the  infant  Ravel  appeared  in  a  Spanish  dance.  Oct. 
2  came  "  Asmodeus,"  with  the  first  appearance  of  Sallie  Parting- 
ton as  Carlo,  and  the  comedietta  "Is  He  Jealous.^"  Noah  Orr, 
the  giant;  Andrew  Hansen,  the  Union  soldier  giant;  and  John 
Patterson,  bom  without  arms,  were  added  to  the  curiosities.  Oct. 
9  "The  Jealous  Philosopher"  and  the  play  "Wild  Kate"  were 
seen.  On  the  programmes  for  the  week  commencing  Oct  16, 
appeared  the  following:  "This  establishment  does  not  s^vertise  in 
The  New  York  Herald:' 

Leo  Hudson  played  "Mazeppa"  here  a  few  nights,  when  she 
broke  her  engagement  and  Oceana  Italia  Judah  assumed  the  rdle, 
and  Kathleen  O'Neil  appeared  in  "  An  Object  of  Interest "  Oceana 
was  the  daughter  of  Mrs.  Emanuel  Judah,  a  celebrated  actress  who 
made  her  d£but  at  the  Richmond  Hill  Theatre.  There  were  three 
daughters, — Oceana,  professionally  known  as  La  Belle  Oceana; 
lone,  a  great  spiritualistic  medium ;  and  Mrs.  Worrell,  mother  of 
the  Worrell  Sisters.  Oct.  23  "Victorine"  was  seen;  Oct.  30, 
"Still  Waters  Run  Deep,"  with  C.  W.  Clarke  as  John  Mildmay. 
This  was  Mr.  Clarke's  first  appearance  at  this  house.  The  farce 
"  A  Husband  in  Difficulties  "  was  acted  in  the  afternoons  and  even- 
ings of  that  week.  "  The  French  Spy  "  followed,  with  Oceana  as 
the  Spy,  but  it  was  withdrawn,  as  the  musicians  of  the  theatres  of 
New  York  went  on  a  strike,  and  proper  music  was  necessary  to 
the  play.  "  Mazeppa  "  was  substituted.  For  the  afternoons,  "  AH 
that  Glitters  is  Not  Gold, "  and  in  the  evenings,  "  Married  Rake  " 
and  "The  French  Spy;"  Nov.  13,  for  C.  W.  Clarke's  last  week, 
"  Don  Caesar  de  Bazan. "  The  dwarf  "  Gen.  Grant "  was  seen  daily; 
also  Lizzie  Reed,  the  midget,  the  two  Albinos,  and  John  Battersby, 
the  skeleton.  In  view  of  the  increasing  popularity  of  the  circus, 
Mr.  Bamum  decided  to  give  both  a  circus  and  dramatic  entertain- 
ment in  his  lecture  room.  A  ring  was  cut  in  the  stage  (covered 
with  boards  during  the  dramatic  performance),  and  on  Nov.  20  a 
combination,  including  Mr.  Master,  and  Mme.  Chas.  Sherwood, 
Eaton    Stone,   J.    P.    Foster,    and    Prof.    Langworthy  appeared 


Cbjurley  Sherwood  did  his  act,  "Pete  Jenkins."     Previous  to  the 
equestrian  performance  **  The  Cross  of  Gold  "  was  acted. 

The  following  week  ''The  Lady  of  Munster  "  preceded  the  circus. 
Dec.  4  ''The  Trials  of  Life*'  was  the  opening  bill,  and  Dec.  7, 
"  The  Queen's  Page,  or  the  Idiot  of  the  Castle ; "  Dec  1 1,  "  Michael 
Erie;**  Dec  i8''E^UTell  the  Reprobate,  or  the  Harvest  Storm,** 
and  Eaton  Stone,  the  bareback  equestrian,  were  the  attractions; 
Dec.  25,  "  Dwangee  the  Arab,  or  the  Fairy  Guardian  of  the  Magic 
WeU."  For  the  week  commencing  Jan.  i,  1866,  an  extra  perform- 
ance was  given,  opening  at  11  o'clock  in  the  morning.  "The 
Orphan  Boys  of  Hunga^"  was  the  evening  performance.  The 
dooiestic  dmnz,  "The  White  Fawn,"  was  done  week  of  Jan.  8, 
followed,  Jan.  15,  by  the  Conklin  Brothers  added  to  the  circus 
performances,  and  the  comedietta  "The  Dumb  Belle."  Charles 
Dcvere,  the  slack-rope  walker,  commenced  Jan.  33,  with  the  drama 
**  Jessie  Grav. "  "  Elsie  "  had  its  first  production  Jan.  39.  "  Sons 
of  the  Republic  "  was  acted  Feb.  5,  and  the  last  week  of  the  eques- 
trian performances  commenced  Feb.  I3,  when  "Jessie  Gray"  was 
plajred.  Feb.  19^  the  Scriptural  historical  drama,  by  ueo.  L. 
Aiken,  "Moses,  or  Israel  in  Egypt,"  was  presented.  The  Aus- 
tralian Wild  Children  were  on  exhibition  March  36.  "The 
Sphinx  "  was  first  seen  here  April  3 ;  the  mythological  spectacular 
drama,  entitled  "An  EarthquaJce,  or  the  Spectre  of  the  Nile,"  was 
seen  April  16.  The  infant  drummer,  Allie  Turner,  appeared  April 
jcx  "Claude  Marcel,  or  the  Idiot  of  Tarbes,"  was  done  May  14. 
**Beodito,  or  the  Children  of  the  Zincalli,"  was  acted.  May  31, 
"  Uncle  Tom's  Cabin  "  was  produced,  with  Mrs.  G.  C.  Howard  in 
her  familiar  rdle  of  Topsy. 

Mrs.  Howard  closed  her  engagement  June  16.  "  The  Drunkard 
was  seen  June  18,  with  C.  W.  Clarke  as  Edward  Middleton. 
"Charlotte  Temple"  was  played  June  25.  "The  War  of  18 12 
began  the  closing  week  of  the  season  (July  2),  under  the  sub-title 
of  "She  Would  be  a  Soldier,"  by  Major  M.  Noah.  The  season 
terminated  July  7.  A  summer  term  commenced  July  9,  with 
Geo.  L  Fox  and  a  pantomime  troupe  in  "Jack  and  Jill;"  Kate 
Pennoyer,  T.  Cherry,  Baily,  Whitman,  Jerrold,  Goodwin,  Geo.  L. 
Stout,  C.  K.  Fox«  Master  George  Tojpack,  J.  L.  Lewis,  Hancock 
Myers,  Odwell,  the  Misses  Newman,  (Jranfield,  and  Follett  in  the 
company.  "The  Red  Gnome  and  the  Four  Lovers,"  July  13;  "The 
Golden  Axe"  and  "The  Frisky  Cobbler"  July  2a  The  season 
cloicd  Sept  I,  1866,  with  "The  Magic  Barrel,"  for  Geo.  L.  Fox's 
benefit  The  next  regular  season  began  Sept.  3,  and  the  following 
is  a  copy  of  the  programme : 




C  W.  CLARKE Stage  Manager 

MONDAY,  SEPT.  3,  1866. 

An  Entirely  New  Dramatic  Company. 

M.  Levick,  H.  G.  Clarke,  J.  W.  Norris,  C.  Wesley,  G.  Mitchell,  H.  D. 
Galon,  R.  White,  J.  Colson,  Geo.  Brooks,  J.  Folwell,  W.  Daly,  T.  Atkins,  Mrs. 
J.  J.  Prior,  Adele  Clarke,  Miss  M.  Livingston,  Miss  Atkins,  Mrs.  R.  G.  Francet 
Mrs.  Massen,  Mrs.  C.  Newman,  Mrs.  G.  Brooks,  Miss  J.  Fenton,  Miss  Marks* 
Miss  Walker. 

George  Heilge,  scenic  artist;  W.  Demilt,  machinist;  R.  H.  Cutler,  properties. 

Afternoon  at  2. 

«*  MONEY." 

Stout H.  D.  Guion 

Sharp Mr.  White 

Evelyn's  Servant  ....  Mr.  Colson 
Sir  John's  Servant    .     .     .  Mr.  Atkins 

Clara Mrs.  J.  J.  Prior 

Lady  Franklin  .     .     Mrs.  R.  G.  France 
Georgiana Adele  Clarke 

Evening  at  8. 


Alfred  Evelyn .  .  .  .  C.  W.  Garke 
Sir  John  Vesey  .  .  George  Mitchell 
Sir  Frederick  Blount  .  .  M.  Levick 
Captain  Dudley  Smooth 

Harry  G.  Clarke 

Graves Geoige  Brooks 

Lord  Glossmore    .    •    .    J.  W.  Norris 

Pascal  de  le  Garde    .    .    .   M.  Levick  I  Amadee  Jovial 

Captain  Roland 
Henri  Dorville 
Countess     .    • 
Colette    .    .    . 
Madeline     .     . 

George  Brooks 
.  .  H.  D.  Guion 
.  .  J.  W.  Norris 
Mrs.  R.  G.  France 
.  .  Adele  Clarke 
.    .    Mrs.  Massen 

Baron  de  Forqueroles,  Harry  G.  Clarke 

Negretti George  Mitchell 

Clotilde  de  Presles         Mrs.  J.  J.  Prior 
Eugenie  de  Garran 

Mrs.  George  Brooks 

Previous  to  the  Play,  both  Afternoon  and  Evening, 

FANNY  TURNER,    Female  Drummer,   will  appear  with    Master   ALLIE 

TURNER,  the  Infant  Drummer. 

DANCE—  By  the  Diminutive  Dwarf,  GEN.  GRANT,  JR. 

Among  the  curiosities  was  the  Gordon  Gumming  collection  of 
several  thousands  of  the  heads,  horns,  tusks,  and  skins  of  the 
hippopotamus,  rhinoceros,  giraffes,  elephants,  lions,  tigers,  leop- 
ards and  other  African  animal  specimens;  Miller's  National 
Gallery,  bronze  portraits  of  all  the  Union  generals;  Woodroffe*s 
glassblowers,  Gen.  Grant,  Jr.,  Master  William  Wallace,  and  Cora 
Ballard,  diminutive  specimens  of  •humanity,  and  the  Circassian 
girl.  Sept.  10  and  week,  "  The  Orphai)  of  Geneva  "  was  acted  in 
the  afternoons,  and  in  the  evenings  ^'The  Lone  House  on  the 
Bridge."  Sept.  17  the  domestic  drama,  by  Bayle  Bernard,  entitled 
''Mary  Lockwood,  or  the  Thirst  for  Gold,"  was  seen  afternoons 
and  evenings.  Sept.  24  "  Footprints  in  the  Snow "  was  acted 
afternoons,  and  "Old  Folks  at  Home"  in  the  evenings.  Oct.  i, 
G.  A'Becket's  comedy,  "The  Lady  in  Black,"  for  the  afternoons, 
and  "Our  American  Cousin"  at  night.  Milnes  Levick  was  the 
Lord   Dundreary;  Asa  Trenchard,    Geo.    Brooks;  Abel   Murcott, 


Hany  G.  Clarice ;  Binney,  W.  H.  Daly ;  Georgiana,  Mrs.  J.  J.  Prior ; 
Florence,  Mrs.  George  Brooks  (now  Mrs.  Hart  Conway);  Mary 
Meredith,  Adele  Clarke.  **  Ten  Nights  in  a  Bar-room  "  was  given 
the  week  of  Oct  is,  followed  bv  ''The  Sea  of  Ice"  Oct.  23. 
''Rosina  Meadows'*  was  played  Nov.   la 

The  programme  offered  for  Christmas  (Dec  25),  1866,  was  as 
follows : 


Commencing  at  io|  a.  m. 


Mary  Stallins^      .    .    Mra.  J.  J.  Prior 
Mrs.  Stalling!      .    .     Mrs.  R.  France 

Kesiah Mrs.  Maaten 

Caroline      .    •    .      Mrs.  Geo.  Brooks 
Dinah Mias  Newman 

Major  Joanh  Jones  .      George  Brooks 
Dr.  Peter  Jones    .    .  Harry  G.  Clarke 

Crotchett J.  W.  Norris 

Bin  Simpson E.  Milton 

Bob  Moiieland      .    .    .    .  C.  FarweU 
K«d Mr.  Chapman 

Ater  which,  EGYPTIAN  DANCE,  bj  EMMA  SCHELL. 

MORTIMER  WILLIAMS  will  «>pear  in  hU  great  spedaltj,  entitled  Half 
Boshd  Measore  }\f,  which  will  be  danced  on  the  INSIDE,  OUTSIDE  and 
ALL  OVER  a  hafi  bushel  measure.  Dance,  by  the  In£uit  PhenomenoUt 
EMMA  FOSTER.     Dance,  by  the  Diminutive  Dwarf,  GEN.  GRANT,  JR. 

MORNING.^ In  the  Arena,  the  Two  Humped  Bactrian  Camel-Zebu,  Three 
Honied  Bull,  Esquimaux  Dog,  will  appear,  with  description  by  JOHN  FOS- 
TER. The  Learned  Buffido  will  astonish  with  his  performance.  The  Trick 
Pocdcs  and  Performing  Monkey  will  exhibit  under  the  direction  of  MONS. 
DAVIS.  The  Modem  GrimaUli,  JOHN  FOSTER,  wiU  introduce  the  EDU- 
CATED MULES.  Professor  HALL  will  introduce  the  performing  Elephant. 
JENNY  LIND.     MONS.  DAVIS,  the  Uon  King,  will  enter  the  Den  of^  Wtkl 

"The  Last  Days  of  Pompeii"  was  played  July  17.  The  season 
closed  July  20,  1867,  and  July  22  G.  L.  Fox  and  company,  from 
the  Old  Bowery  Theatre,  played  the  "Little  Boy  Blue"  pan- 
tomime,  remaining  until  Sept.  7.  The  season  of  1867-68  opened 
SepL  9»  with  the  following  company:  Milnes  Levick  (stage  man- 
ager),  C.  W.  Clarke,  T.  E.  Jackson,  G.  Mitchell,  W.  Henderson, 
G.  W.  Ifalmberg,  John  C.  Walsh,  T.  G.  Roberts,  T.  Atkins,  S. 
Wright,  E.  Chapman,  R.  H.  Ellsworth,  and  L.  F.  Massen,  Mrs.  J. 
J.  Ptior,  Mrs.  FL  G.  France,  Mrs.  Massen,  Jenny  Walters,  Irene 
Gay,  Cassie  Troy,  Fenton,  Connolly,  Walker,  Atkins,  Sherman, 
and  France.  The  opening  production  was  "The  Man  of  Destiny, 
or  The  Stranger's  Grave,"  which  ran  for  two  weeks,  and  was  fol- 
lowed for  six  days  with  "The  Blacksmith's  Wife,  or  the  Lost 
Child."  C.  W.  Clarke  died  Sept.  22,  1867.  He  made  his  first 
appearance  on  the  stage  at  the  National  Theatre  (comer  of  Leonard 
and  Church  streets)  in  1838.     He  was  at  the  Park  Theatre  the 


8  A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D»5« 

seasons  of  1840-43,  and  in  1843  went  to  the  Bowery  Theatre, 
where  he  remained  for  a  number  of  years.  Sept.  30,  a  drama,  by 
Milnes  Levick,  called  "  Pale  Janet,"  was  produced,  which  ran  until 
Nov.  4,  when  "The  Earl's  Daughter,  or  the  Pride  of  Birth"  took 
its  place.  "The  Green  Bushes,"  "Adam  and  Eve,  or  the  Sailor's 
Dream,"  "The  Union  Prisoner,"  by  Mr.  Levick;  "Emily  Ware- 
ham,  "  by  W.  C.  Burton,  and  standard  comedies  were  played  until 
Dec.  23,  when  the  pantomime  of  "  Little  Dewdrop  "  was  produced. 
"  Pale  Janet "  was  revived  Jan.  20,  and  Jan.  27  "  Nobody's  Son  "  — 
Watts  Phillips'  play  of  "  Nobody's  Child,"  with  another  title  — was 
presented,  with  Milnes  Levick  as  Joe. 

Feb.  10  "  Little  Red  Riding  Hood,  or  the  Wolf  at  the  Door, 
by  F.  G.  Maeder,  was  presented.  "Uncle  Tom's  Cabin"  was 
revived  Feb.  24,  with  Mrs.  G.  C.  Howard  as  Topsy.  This  was 
the  last  play  presented  at  the  Museum.  Half  an  hour  after  mid- 
night on  the  morning  of  Tuesday,  March  3,  1868,  a  fire  was  dis- 
covered on  the  third  floor,  in  the  southeast  corner  of  the  building, 
in  the  apartment  occupied  by  Van  Amburgh's  Menagerie.  A  few 
of  the  animals  on  the  Broadway  side,  among  them  a  kangaroo,  a 
small  leopard,  a  few  monkeys,  together  with  the  pelicans  and  a 
variety  of  other  small  birds,  were  rescued.  The  cause  of  the  fire 
was  attributed  to  a  defective  flue.  The  building  was  valued  at 
^150,000,  and  was  insured  for  ^62, 00a  The  contents  belonged  to 
Bamum,  were  valued  at  ^400,000,  and  were  insured  for  one  third 
of  that  amount  The  basement  of  539  was  occupied  by  Charles 
Gray  as  a  restaurant  and  oyster  saloon.  Sigler  &  Clinton  occupied 
the  basement  of  541  as  a  sample  room. 


A  CONCERT  room  called  Washington  Hall  was  situated  at 
598  Broadway,  three  doors  above  Niblo's  Garden,  and  was 
used  in  185 1  for  concerts,  panoramas,  and  miscellaneous  entertain- 
ments. In  June,  i860,  Charley  White  opened  with  a  specialty 
troupe,  and  called  the  place  Charley  White's  Opera  House. 
He  had  in  his  company  Kate  Partington,  Emma  Schell,  Miss  Le 
Claire^  Miss  Blondell,  and  others. 


THE  National  Hall  was  situated  at  29-31  Canal  Street,  three 
doors  from  Broadway,  and  was  usc^  in  the  spring  of  1852 
for  miscellaneous  entertainments. 



THE  Art  Union  Rooms  were  located  on  the  west  side  of 
Broadway  (49S--497)>  between  Broome  and  Spring  streets, 
and  were  originally  what  the  name  implied, — a  place  where  artistic 
works  were  exhibited  up  to  1852,  when  it  was  called  the  Art 
Union  Concert  Hall.  It  was  used  for  concerts  and  other  light 
entertainroentSb  Murphy  &  Peel's  Campbell  Minstrels  appeared 
here  Bfarch  12,  1854.  Luke  West,  Matt  Peel»  and  Joseph  Murphy 
were  in  the  company.  Hi  Rumsey,  the  banjo  player,  was  heard 
here  March  27.  April  10  Charlev  White  took  possession  with  his 
Serenaders,  and  the  place  was  called  the  St.  Nicholas  Exhibition 
Room.  April  24  Dun  Bowers,  an  old-time  minstrel  performer^ 
appeared.  Dan  Emmett  and  Hugh  Donnelly  were  in  the  company. 
After  being  unoccupied  for  some  time,  the  place  was  reopened  in 
July,  1857,  as  The  Academy  Rooms,  by  J.  Herman  of  Henry  Wood 
and  Christy's  Minstrels.  In  May,  1858,  it  was  occupied  by  a  con- 
cert company  who  sang  glees,  madrigals,  and  solos  on  the  same 
plan  as  Evans'  Cider  Cellars,  a  well-known  London  establishment. 
A  great  favorite  here  was  Tom  Watson,  a  popular  English  clown 
and  comic  singer.  He  came  to  this  country  late  in  1857,  and 
appeared  at  Laura  Keene's  Metropolitan  Theatre.  Early  in  i860 
be  joined  Spalding  &  Refers'  New  Orleans  Circus,  and,  after  a 
successful  season  there,  visited  the  principal  towns  on  the  Missis- 
sippi River  with  the  same  company.  It  was  while  thus  engaged 
that  he  became  notorious  by  sailing  at  different  points  on  the 
Mississippi  in  a  wash  tub,  pulled  by  six  real  geese.  He  appeared 
at  the  Art  Union  Oct.  25,  1885.  When  in  the  height  of  his  popu- 
larity he  was  considered  the  cleverest  clown  at  that  time  in  the 
country,  and  commanded  the  best  of  engagements  and  a  good 
salary.  He,  like  many  others,  was  his  own  worst  enemy.  Gus 
Grant,  Fanny  Cole,  and  Julia  Price  appeared  here  Oct  25.  Robert 
W.  Butler  became  manager  in  1859.  He  continued  for  one  season, 
and  he  sold  out  to  R.  Smith  and  Harrison  in  August,  i86a 


A  SMALL  concert  hall  called  Niblo's  Saloon  was  situated  in 
the  same  building  as  Niblo's  Garden.  For  a  long  time  it 
was  used  for  various  exhibitions,  including  concerts,  spiritualistic 
meetings,  and  lectures.  M.  Paul  Jullien  gave  his  first  concert  in 
America  here  July  2,  1852.  Mr.  Bunn,  from  Drury  Lane  Theatre, 
London,  Eng.,  made  his  American  ddbut  Oct.  11,  1852,  with  his 
Pictorial  Illustrations  of  the  Genius  and  Career  of  Shakespeare. 
L  M.  Gottschalk,  the  pianist,  gave  a  concert  Feb.  11,  1853, 
assisted  by  Rose  De  Vries,  Hoffman,  Kyrle,    and   Mr.   Frazier. 

lo        A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D»59 

Baroness  Julie  de  Berg,  a  celebrated  pianist,  made  her  American 
d6but  Aug.  27,  1853.  She  was  assisted  by  Amalia  Patti  Strakosch, 
Paul  JuUien,  and  H.  C.  Timm.  A  concert  for  the  relief  of  the 
sufferers  by  the  epidemic  at  New  Orleans,  La.,  was  given  Sept  i, 
by  Ole  Bull,  assisted  by  Adelina  Patti  and  Maurice  Strakosch. 
Mme.  Sontag  gave  a  concert  Oct.  11,  assisted  by  Carl  Eckert, 
Gasparo  Pozzolini,  Badiali  Rocco,  Gasparoni,  and  Paul  Jullien. 
Mme.  Isadore  Clarke,  late  from  Cuba,  made  her  d6but  in  New 
York  Oct  24,  1854,  in  concert,  assisted  by  Giovanni  Leonanndi, 
his  first  appearance  in  America,  Henry  Appt,  solo  violinist,  Harry 
G.  Timm,  Jos.  Noll,  C.  Besig,  Bergner,  P.  Eltz,  E.  Boehm,  and 
Bramner  A.  Herzog.  Jan.  20,  1855,  a  concert  was  given  for  the 
poor  of  the  city,  by  Paul  Jullien,  Adelina  Patti,  Sig.  Rocco,  Sig. 
Bernardi,  and  August  Gockel. 

On  May  24,  1856,  Signorina  Vestvali  made  her  first  appearance 
in  concert,  under  the  direction  of  Allen  Irving.  Mile.  Carioli 
gave  her  first  concert  in  this  city  Sept  15,  assisted  by  Carl 
Anschutz  and  orchestra.  Juliana  May  first  appeared  in  concert 
Sept.  22.  Mme.  Anna  De  La  Grange  gave  a  concert  Sept.  24,  and 
was  assisted  by  S.  Thalberg  and  Henri  Vieuxtemps.  Frezzolini 
made  her  d^but  as  a  concert  singer  Oct.  2,  and  her  last  concert 
took  place  here  Oct.  30,  with  Vieuxtemps  and  Thalberg.  Emma 
Stanley  made  her  American  d6but  Nov.  8.  Her  performance  con- 
sisted of  a  drawing-room  entertainment,  entitled  "  The  Seven  Ages 
of  Woman,"  the  object  being  to  exhibit  the  progress  of  female  life, 
from  babyhood  to  old  age.  Miss  Stanley  introduced  all  kinds  of 
national  airs,  and  put  on  the  costumes  of  all  sorts  of  countries,  at 
once  showing  her  own  versatility  and  the  abundance  and  costliness 
of  her  wardrobe.  Her  changes  were  efiEected  with  marvellous 
rapidity,  so  that  it  would  seem  as  if  a  dozen  persons  were  engaged 
in  doing  what  she  alone  efiEected  by  her  skill  and  ingenuity.  She 
had  a  charming  voice,  and  sang  with  admirable  taste.  She  died  at 
Bayswater,  England,  Dec  11,  1881. 

Stephen  C.  Massett  ("  Jeems  Pipes  of  Pipesville")  appeared  here 
Sept.  23,  1858.  His  entertainments  consisted  of  songs,  music, 
and  chit-chat  of  travel  in  foreign  land.  Father  Kemp's  Original 
Continental  Old  Folks'  concert  company  appeared  March  30, 
1859.  Stephen  Massett  died  in  this  city  August  20,  1898,  at  St. 
Vincent's  Hospital. 

With  many  alterations  and  improvements,  Niblo's  Saloon  was 
reopened  Nov.  i,  1859,  ^Y  Hooley  &  Christy's  Minstrels,  among 
whom  were  S.  C.  Campbell  (musical  director),  George  Christy 
(stage  manager),  R.  M.  Hooley  (business  manage^,  Master 
Eugene,  Cool  White,  J.  A.  Herman,  Napier  Lothian,  J.  C. 
Reeves,  J.  Hilliard,  G.  W.  H.  Griffin,  J.  K.  Edwards,  A.  J. 
Hobbs,  J.  Trique,  Byron  Christy,  and  Master  Gus  Howard.     In 


January,  i860,  Christy  &  Hooley  dissolved  copartnership.  Hooley, 
with  nearly  every  member  of  the  company,  went  on  a  travelling 
tour,  while  Christy  continued  at  this  place  with  another  party. 
Hooley  &  Campbell's  Minstrels,  who  had  been  performing  at  585 
Broadway,  appeared  here  Aug.  27,  for  the  winter.  Lloyd's  Min- 
strels came  here  April  i.  The  principals  were  Billy  Birch,  D.  S. 
Wambold,  Charley  Fox,  August  Asche,  Herman,  Gustave  Bidaux, 
H.  Wilks,  Eastmead,  Lehman,  Andrews,  N.  Oehl,  W.  Bruns,  A. 
Breitkopf,  C.  Blass,  Master  Albertine,  and  Cool  White.  The 
Peak  Family  of  bellringers,  harpists,  and  vocalists  made  their  first 
an>earance  in  New  York  here  Dec.  23,  and  remained  until  Jan.  8, 
1862,  the  only  other  entertainments  being  concerts  by  Gottschalk, 
the  pianist,  and  the  artists  of  the  Italian  Opera  company;  magical 
seances,  by  Prof.  Adrien,  and  French  dramatic  representations  by 
M.  Juignet's  company.  Oct.  25  C.  Sage,  former  director  of  the 
French  Theatre,  took  a  benefit,  assisted  by  Miles.  Aline,  Costa, 
Berthe  Morel,  and  Maggie  Andrews,  and  MM.  Ardivani,  Garibaldi, 
Vietoff,  and  Prosper.  The  entertainment  was  principally  musical. 
Nov.  25  M.  Edgard  took  a  benefit,  presenting  the  vaudevilles  of 
"Qui  sc  Disputent  s'Adorent,"  and  "A  la  Bastille,"  and  a  concert. 
Mr.  De  Cordova  subseqently  lectured  here  on  several  occasions. 

On  Dec  6,  Paul  Juignet  began  a  French  comedy  season,  and 
his  company  included  Miles.  Marguerite  Bouhelier,  Anna  Ham- 
burg, Natalie  Dumas,  and  Aline  Delange,  and  MM.  Ernest 
Gravier,  Julian  Rosseau,  Albert  Mary,  Dubois,  Garton  Grande, 
Edgard,  and  Juignet.  The  opening  entertainment  comprised  a 
prologue  in  verse,  Theodore  Barriire's  "La  Feu  au  Convent,"  and 
MM.  Dupin  and  Delacour's  "Deux  Hommes  du  Nord."  These 
representations  were  repeated  every  Monday  and  Saturday,  with 
slight  interruptions,  when  the  company  played  in  Boston  until 
June  5,  1863.  Among  the  most  important  pieces  produced  were 
Henri  Conscience's  "Un  Pauvre  Gentilhomme,"  Theodore  Barrifere 
and  Jules  Lorin's  "Le  Piano  de  Berthe,"  MM.  Lambert-Thiboust 
and  Girardin's  "L'Onde  et  TOmbre,"  Henri  Rochefort's  and 
Albert  Wolf's  "Un  Homme  de  Sud,"  Dumanoir  and  Clairville's 
** Triolet  \  la  Recherche  d'un  PSre,"  Dumanoir  and  Dennery's 
"Don  Caesar  de  Bazan,"  "La  Dame  aux  Cam61ias,"  "La  Mire 
de  la  Famine,"  "  Un  Tenor  Leger,"  "  La  Code  des  Femmes,"  "  Le 
Serment  d'Horace,"  Dumanoir  and  Clairville's  "L'Amoureux  de 
Pontoise,"  About's  "Risette,  la  Millionnaire,"  De  Musset's  "Les 
Cbeveaux  de  ma  Femme,"  Cogniard  Frires'  "Bruno  le  Fileur," 
Baliac'i "  Mercadet  le  Faiseur,"  "  Le  Chevalier  du  Guet,"  Moli^re's 
**  Le  D6pit  Amoureux,"  L^n  Battu  and  Jaime  fils'  "  Lucie  Didier," 
•"La  Plinc  ct  le  Beau  Temps,"  "Pas  de  Fum^e  Sans  Feu,"  Off  en- 
bach's  "La  Rose  de  St  Fleur,"  and  Octave  Feuillet's  "Peril  en 
la  Demeure."     Jan.  20,   1863,  the  Brothers  Schmid  and  Leute, 


12         A   HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       DM4 

three  Swiss    singers,    made   their  first  appearance  in  America 

Paul  Juigpiet  again  essayed  the  direction  of  French  comedy  and 
vaudeville.  His  company  consisted  of  MM.  Ernest  Gravier, 
Roche,  Faye,  Pelletier,  Donatien,  Edgard,  Maillet,  Duval,  and 
Benjamin;  Mmes.  Angele  Levasseur  and  Anna  Hamburg,  and 
Miles.  Louise  Maillet,  Stephane  Bergeon,  H^l^ne  Donatien, 
Nathalie  Dumas,  Louise  Pelletier,  Graziella,  and  Estella  Dumas. 
The  season  lasted,  with  slight  intervals,  from  Oct.  27,  1863,  till 
April  30,  1864,  during  which  time  the  following  works,  with  others, 
were  presented :  "  Les  Vivacity  du  Capitaine  Tic,"  by  M.  Labiche ; 
"Le  Pour  et  le  Contre,"  by  Octave  Feuillet;  "Jean  qui  Pleure 
et  Jean  qui  Rit,"  by  M.  Dumanoir;  "Les  37  Sous  de  M.  Mon- 
tourdin,"  by  M.  Labiche;  "Je  Dine  chez  ma  Mire,"  by  M. 
Thiboust;  "Le  Caporal  et  la  Payse,"  by  M.  Varin;  "La  Famillc 
Lambert,"  "Les  Noces  de  Jeanette,"  by  Victor  Masse;  "Rue  de 
la  Lune,"  by  M.  de  Kock;  "Jeanne  la  Sottc,"  by  MM.  Julien  and 
Pilates;  " Tambour  Battant ; "  "  Histoire  d'un  Sou,"  by  M.  Clair- 
ville;  "La  Chanoinesse,"  by  Eugene  Scribe;  "Les  Pantins  de 
Violette,"  by  Adolph  Adam;  "Le  Gentilhomme  Pauvre,"  by  M. 
Dumanoir;  "Les  Femmes  Rcvolttes,"  by  L.  Lurine;  "Un  Duel 
sous  Richelieu,"  by  Lockrey  and  Mellesville;  "La  Dame  de  St. 
Tropez,"  byDennery;  "Les  ftrennes  de  M.  Poisson;"  "  Le  Jour 
de  TAn  i  New  York,"  by  MM.  X.  and  Z. ;  Les  Deux  Aveugles," 
by  M.  Offenbach;  "La  Bataille  de  Dames,"  by  M.  Scribe;  "Le 
Voyage  de  Monsieur  Perichon,"  by  MM.  Labiche  and  Martin; 
"Trombalcazar,"  opera  bouffe,  by  Offenbach;  "La  Joie  Fait  Peur" 
(the  original  of  Boucicault's  "Kerry,"  produced  at  Burton's  old 
Theatre  as  "Sunshine  Through  the  Clouds"),  by  fimile  Girardin; 
"Les  Affrontes,"  by  Emile  Augier;  "Le  Vicomte  Girogee,"  by 
M.  Labiche;  "Le  Cceur  et  T Argent,"  by  MM.  Morrier  and 
Martin;  "Les  Filles  Gavit,"  by  V.  Hugo;  "Les  Pet  its  Oiseaux," 
by  Labiche  and  Delacour ;  "  Le  Mari  i,  la  Campagne  "  (the  original 
of  " The  Serious  Family"),  by  MM.  Bayard  and  De  Vailly;  "Le 
Demi  Monde,"  by  Dumas  pire;  "Le  Mariage  aux  Lanternes,"  by 
Offenbach,  first  time  in  New  York,  Feb.  6,  1864;  "La  Femme  de 
Primrose,"  by  Cormon;  "Une  Femme  qui  se  Jette  par  la  Fe- 
nfitre,"  by  EugSne  Scribe;  "La  Filles  de  Giboyer,"  by  M.  fimile 
Augier;  "Les  Erreurs  du  Bel  Age,"  by  Xavier  and  Varin;  "Ba- 
ta-clan,"  opera  bouffe,  by  Offenbach;  "On  Demande  un  Gouver- 
neur,"  by  Decoursettc;  "Trente  Ans,  ou  la  Vie  d'un  Joueur,"  by 
Decanze  and  Dinaux;  "La  Marraine,"  by  Scribe;  "Les  Filles  del 
Marbres,"  by  Barriire  and  Thiboust;  "Bianella,  ou  le  Servanti 
Maftresse,"  opera  bouffe,  by  Frederic  von  Flotow;  "  La  Diplomatic 
du  Manage,"  by  Mme.  Berton-Samson ;  "Jean  Baudry,"  by  Auguste 
Vercqucrio;  "  La  GrSce  de  Dicu,"  by  Dennery  and  Lemoine ;  "  Une 

iffd  NIBLO'S  SALOON  13 

Mauvaisc  Nuit  est  Bientdt  Pass^/'  by  H.  Honor^;  ''Le  Medecin 
des  Enfants,"  by  Anicet  Bourgeois,  and  "Montjoie,"  by  Octave 

The  Harrison  English  opera  company,  under  the  management 
of  Gabriel  Harrison,  with  B.  A.  Baker  as  stage  manager,  began  a 
season  here  Jan.  13,  1864.  Mme.  Comte  Borchard,  Mary  Shaw, 
Wm.  Castle,  S.  C  Campbell,  Geo.  Rea,  and  M.  B.  Pike  were  in 
the  company,  with  Theodore  Thomas  as  conductor.  Jan.  13,  15, 
19^  and  21  *^The  Bohemian  Girl "  was  rendered.  A  fortnight  later 
the  company  returned,  and  on  Feb.  3,  5,  10,  and  12  sang  "Mari- 
tana."  March  24  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Harry  Watkins  and  Carlotta  Shaw 
presented  an  entertainment  written  for  them  by  Charles  Gayler, 
entitled  "  Photographiana. "  This  they  repeated  for  several  nights. 
Niblo's  Saloon  was  leased  June  i  by  Mr.  Crabtree,  the  father  of 
Lotta,  with  Harry  Jordan  as  his  acting  manager.  Lotta  was 
innounced  as  "The  California  Pet,"  and  appeared  in  the  sketches 
"The  Mysterious  Chamber"  and  "Jenny  Lind,"  singing,  dancing, 
and  playing  on  the  banjo.  This  was  her  first  appearance  in  New 
York.  The  audience  was  cold  and  indifferent,  and  did  not  appear 
to  appreciate  the  abilities  of  this  lady.  She  remained  four  nights, 
during  which  "The  Wife's  Lesson ''^ and  "The  Maid  of  Munster" 
were  also  given.  This  lady  was  bom  in  New  York,  at  750  Broad- 
way, Nov.  7,  1847.  Her  father  was  John  Ash  worth  Crabtree, 
who  kept  a  bookstore  in  Nassau  Street  Her  early  life  was 
spent  in  California,  where,  as  a  child  actress,  she  was  a  great 
favorite.  She  has  the  reputation  of  being  the  richest  actress  in 
the  world. 

The  following  season  concerts  were  given.  The  Thorpe  Brothers 
took  possession  of  the  saloon  Oct  3,  and  occupied  it  for  two  weeks, 
giving  a  series  of  spiritualistic  seances.  Oct  27  Mrs.  O'Neill, 
m/i  Annie  James,  gave  a  concert,  assisted  by  Castle,  Campbell, 
Frank  Gilder,  and  J.  O'Neill.  M.  Juignet's  French  company 
occupied  Niblo's  Saloon  Tuesdays  and  Saturdays  during  the  sea- 
ton  from  Oct  29,  1864,  until  the  end  of  April,  1865,  ^ith  the 
exception  of  slight  intervals,  when  visits  were  made  to  Philadel* 
phia  and  Boston.  Concerts  were  given  by  Mrs.  O'Neill  Nov.  16, 
by  J.  E.  Perring  Nov.  23,  by  Madame  Paravalli  and  pupils  Dec.  i, 
by  Mile.  Barnetchie  Dec  8,  and  by  Frank  B.  Converse  Dec,  29. 
On  Jan.  4  and  Jan.  6,  1865,  an  Italian  opera  company,  under  the 
management  of  M.  Wertheimber  and  conductorship  of  Sig.  Rosa, 
sang  •^L'Elisir  d'Amore."  The  principal  artists  were  Mile. 
Claudini  Cairoli  and  Signori  Mongiardini,  Ardavani,  and  Fellini. 
A  concert  was  given  by  Laura  Harris  Jan.  23.  M.  Wechsung, 
fllutist  made  his  American  d^but  Jan.  24.  The  Davis  family 
were  heard  in  concert  Jan.  26.  Feb.  13  Max  Strakosch's  concert 
company  appeared     Mile.  Helcne  de  Katow,    Russian  violinist. 

14         A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       CxSsa 

Jas.  M.  Wehli,  pianist,  and  Mile.  Celestine  Huntley,  soprano, 
made  their  American  d^but.  The  other  artists  were  Signori 
Lorenzo,  Remi,  Rosa,  and  Bendelari.  The  Strakosch  concert 
company  also  gave  concerts  on  Feb.  15,  16,  24,  25,  and  March  i, 
2,  13,  24,  and  25,  assisted  by  Laura  Harris,  Signor  Paulicchi,  and 

Mile.  Camille  Urso,  the  violinist,  gave  a  concert  Feb.  27,  and 
Mr.  Cordova  lectured  March  6.  March  22  the  Benevolent  Dramatic 
and  Musical  Association  presented  the  drama  of  "Deceit,  or  Feel- 
ing and  Fashion,"  and  a  concert  by  Gustavus  Geary,  G.  W.  Brad- 
shaw,  Mina  Geary,  and  Celia  Hoffheimer.  L.  M.  Grottschalk,  the 
pianist,  gave  a  series  of  farewell  concerts  prior  to  his  departure  for 
California,  with  Sig.  Muzio,  March  29,  30,  and  31.  Niblo's  Saloon 
was  closed  as  a  place  of  amusement  May  9,  1865,  and  altered  for 
the  dining-room  of  the  Metropolitan  Hotel. 


THE  house  known  as  "White's  Varieties"  was  situated  at  17- 
19  Bowery,  and  was  built  by  Edwin  P.  Christy,  the  minstrel 
manager.  It  was  opened  Sept.  13,  1852,  by  Charles  T.  White. 
"The  Child  of  the  Regiment"  was  presented  here  Nov.  2,  when 
William  R.  Floyd  made  his  first  appearance  on  any  stage,  acting 
the  Corporal.     The  following  is  the  copy  of  a  programme : 

Proprietor  and  Manager C.  White 

Treasurer J.  Simpson 

Musical  Director Herr  Noll 

Dramatic  Director T.  D.  Yeomans 


Dress  Circle 25  cts.    |  Private  Boxes $i>50 

Parquet  and  2d  Circle  .    .    .     i2>^       |  Stage  Boxes 2.00 

Part  First. 

The  performance  will  commence  with  the  farce, 


Mr.  Dulcimer J^ny  Merrifield 

Jasper  Cranky Bannister 

Defemere  Lazytongs C.  Warwick 

Molly  Snaggs  (in  which  she  will  sing  a  new  song,  called  "  Talking  in  My  Sleep," 

written  oy  Mrs.  Osgood) Kose  Merrifield 

Miss  Myrtle Mrs.  Isherwood 

Kate  Swynnerton Miss  Pentland 


Part  Sbcond. 
imodttdng  the  foUowing  collection  of  new  aongt,  glees,  jokes,  etc. : 

Overture, Fall  Band 

Let*s  be  Gaj,  from  the  opera  of  ''  Rob- 
ert kDU>k**     .    .    .    Company 

CatT,  EhiHing C.  White 

McfindaMay Corrister 

Old  Folks  at  home    ....  Deaves 
The  Darkey  Bhckberry  Party 


Massa's  in  the  Cokl,  Cold 

Gronnd G.  Rich 

Farewell,  My  LiUy  Dear,     .    C.White 
Dina's  Serenade    ....     Corrister 

Coon  Hont C.  White 

Quickstep Full  Band 

Part  Third. 
Favorite  Song  by Mrs.  Rose  Merrifield 


bf  MiM  Lora  Gordon,  the  wonderful  prodigy,  a^ed  five  Tears,  who  will  appear  in 
tnfmefits  from  "*  King  Lear,"  assisteo  by  her  sister,  Isabella  Gordon. 

HiflilaDd  Flinff  by Miss  E.  Johnson 

A  aew  Comic  Song,  ""The  Bloomerees** Jerry  Merrifiekl 

Baaio  Solo Dan  Emmett 

The  whole  to  conclude  with  the 

by  John  Diamond  and  Master  Franks. 

Thunday,  Friday  and  Saturday  evenings  will  be  performed  the  Musical  Farce 
of  **  The  Two  Gregories.*^ 

No  free  list  to  this  establishment.     No  orders  received. 

Afternoon  performance  every  Saturday,  commencing  at  3  o'clock. 

Frank  S.  Chanfrau  was  the  first  dramatic  manager  of  this  house, 
and  he  took  charge  of  it  Oct.  18,  1852.  He  received  from  Christy 
a  weekly  salary  of  ^100,  and  25  per  cent  of  the  receipts  when  he 
acted.  It  was  at  this  time  that  his  acquaintance  began  with  Miss 
Albcrtinc.  In  the  company  were  John  ("that  rascal  Jack  ")  Dunn, 
A.  H.  ("Dolly")  Davenport,  Jerry  Merrifield,  Keeler,  Miss  Al- 
bertinc.  Rose  Merrifield,  Miss  Isherwood,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  France, 
William  R.  Floyd,  and  others. 

Mile.  Albertine  had  a  checkered  career.  Her  right  name  was 
Hannah  Manchester,  and  she  was  bom  at  the  Stone  Bridge,  Tiver- 
ton, R.  I.,  in  1831.  Her  d^but  was  at  Augusta,  Me.,  as  Sophia 
in  "The  Rendezvous,"  during  the  season  of  1846-47,  but  she  soon 
took  to  the  art  of  dancing.  When  F.  S.  Chanfrau  played  at  the 
01}'mpic  Theatre,  Washington,  D.  C,  Albertine  was  engaged  to 
support   him.      Her    next    appearance  was  at    the   Arch   Street 

1 6         A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       DH* 

Theatre,  Philadelphia,  as  leading  support  to  the  elder  Booth. 
This  was  in  March,  1850.  She  travelled  with  F.  S.  Chanfrau  for 
six  seasons,  commencing  in  the  fall  of  1850.  In  California  she 
not  only  played  Lize  to  Chanfrau  *s  Mose,  but  such  characters  as 
Clarisse  Delville,  in  "Satan  in  Paris,"  and  Dot,  in  "The  Cricket 
on  the  Hearth,"  and  danced  to  the  great  delight  of  old  "Forty- 
niners."  In  1852  she  and  Chanfrau  returned  to  New  York,  and  at 
Astor  Place  Opera  House  drew  all  Gotham  to  witness  their  com- 
panion pictures  of  the  "Bowery  B'hoy  and  His  Gal."  In  1857, 
Albertine  severed  her  engagement  with  Mr.  Chanfrau,  and  returned 
to  California,  starring  there  for  two  years  with  increasing  popu- 
larity, when  she  was  induced  to  accept  an  engagement  to  go  to 
Australia  with  G.  V.  Brooke.  While  acting  at  Ballarat  she  caught 
a  cold,  which  turned  into  the  colonial  fever.  She  recovered  and 
commenced  to  dance,  but  became  so  blind  that  she  could  scarcely 
see  the  footlights,  and  was  compelled  to  leave  the  stage.  She  was 
under  the  care  of  oculists  for  one  year  without  receiving  any  benefit. 
At  last,  driven  by  poverty,  —  all  her  jewelry  and  clothes  having 
been  parted  with,  —  she  went  into  the  Benevolent  Asylum  in 
Ballarat,  where  she  learned  to  sew,  knit,  and  read.  For  years  she 
was  considered  dead  by  all  who  knew  her  in  this  country,  a  report 
to  that  effect  having  been  printed  in  the  Australian  papers  and 
copied  in  various  American  journals.  One  day  the  following  letter 
was  received  by  the  editor  of  a  New  York  paper  and  published. 

Ballarat,  Victoria,  Australia,  Jan.  ii,  1875. 

In  yisitiog  the  Benevolent  Asylum  in  this  city,  I  discovered  a  poor  American 
lady,  formerly  a  member  of  the  profession,  whose  sad  case  at  once  enlisted  my 
sympathies,  and  I  take  the  libeity  of  calling  the  attention  of  my  professional 
brothers  and  sisters  in  America,  through  your  valuable  journal,  to  a  most  worthy 
object  of  charity.  I  was  introduced  to  a  blind  inmate,  who,  I  was  astonished  to 
discover,  was  a  Mme.  Albertine,  who,  some  years  ago,  I  saw  in  the  Celeste  style 
of  drama  here,  and  thought  her  very  good.  She  came  to  Australia  thirteen  years 
ago,  playing  in  all  the  theatres.  Tnroufi;h  illness  the  poor  woman  became  totally 
bund  some  seven  years  ago,  and  has  been  for  a  long  time  an  inmate  of  this 
benevolent  institution.  She  is  about  forty  years  of  age,  and  of  a  most  sen- 
sitive nature.  Her  only  object  now  is  to  get  back  to  ner  native  place,  where 
she  would  be  among  her  own  people.  I  do  think  this  a  case  in  which  all  mem- 
bers of  our  profession  should  unite  in  providing  for  her  future,  and  as  far  as  is 
in  my  power  I  will  do  all  I  can  to  forward  her  to  her  friends.  The  expense  of 
sending  her  to  Boston  would  be  about  two  hundred  and  fifty  dollars.  She  is 
a  poor,  afflicted,  sightless  woman,  and  an  American  by  birth.     Yours  truly, 

Stuart  O'Brien,  Theatre  Royal,  Melbourne. 

This  was  the  first  intimation  her  friends  had  of  her  existence. 
Through  the  extraordinary  kindness  of  Mr.  O'Brien,  Mr.  Adams, 
American  consul,  and  Commander  Chandler,  of  U.S.  S.  "Swatara," 
she  reached  America.  Just  before  her  arrival  home  her  brother- 
in-law  received  the  following  communication : 


Thbatei  Royal,  Mxlbournk,  AumtAUA, 

March  10, 1875. 

Sib,  —  Mme.  Albertine,  for  tome  jremrt  quite  blinds  and  an  inmate  of  one  ci 
9m  i— Umtkioa,  left  for  New  York  per  United  States  ship  of  war  Swatara,  hav- 
mm  had  a  pasaace  ceoeronsly  grantra  her  bv  Commander  Ralph  Chandler.  Tte 
skrp  will  arrhFttin  New  York  about  the  ena  of  May  next,  ana  she  desired  me  to 
t  to  yo«  as  to  her  reoeptkm  on  her  arrival.  She  also  sunested  that  I  should 
joa  to  write  to  Bessie  and  Susan  Manchester.  I  shaU  be  most  happy  to 
frooi  yo«  of  her  safe  arrival  at  New  York,  and  there  is  some  hope  of  the 
of  her  sight     I  am,  sir, 

Your  obedient  servant,         Stuart  O'Brihi. 

To  William  Cannon,  New  Bedford,  Mais. 

The  **  Swatara "  arrived  here  with  Albertine  on  board  June  i» 
1875,  and  for  a  brief  period  she  resided  at  Hoboken,  N.  J.,  after 
which  she  went  to  New  Bedford,  Mass.,  where  she  remained  till 
her  death,  Oct  6,  1889,  at  the  residence  of  her  sister,  Mrs.  Wil- 
liam C  Cannon. 

In  February,  1853,  this  house  was  remodelled  and  opened  as 
the  St.  Charles  Theatre,  with  dramatic  performances.  James 
Pilgrim,  the  author-actor,  was  the  manager,  who  began  Feb.  25, 
with  a  small  stock  company.  ''The  Serious  Family"  was 
acted  March  2,  with  Mr.  Robinson  as  Aminadab  Sleek.  After 
it,  came  **  A  Husband  at  Sight,"  with  Miss  Albertine  as  Cather* 
ine;  a  dance  hy  Miss  Sophie  followed,  after  which  Miss  Mitchell 
plavcd  Joseph  m  **  The  Yoimg  Scamp.  ** 

f6bn  R.  Scott  began  an  engagement  March  16.  He  appeared  as 
Sir  Giles  Overreach,  in  ''A  New  Wav  to  Pay  Old  Debts,"  and 
later  in  ''The  Stranger,"  '' Virginius,  on  which  occasion  M.  W. 
Lef!ingwell  made  his  bow  in  the  farce,  "P.  P.,  or  The  Man  and 
the  Tiger,"  "Don  Caesar  de  Bazan,"  "The  Willow  Copse,"  "Rob 
Roy,"  "Richard  III.,"  "The  Adopted  Child,"  "Richelieu," 
-Damon  and  Pythias,"  and  "Wallace."  "Eveleen  Wilson,"  a 
dramatization  bv  Mr.  Pilgrim,  from  the  story  of  that  name,  was 
seen  April  4.  John  R.  Scott  closed  April  16.  "The  Momentous 
Question  "  was  acted  April  18,  with  J.  M.  Cooke  as  Robert  Shelly, 
Miss  Mitchell  as  Rachel  Ryland.  "Eveleen  Wilson"  followed, 
vTth  Pilgrim,  Robinson,  Miss  Mitchell,  and  Mrs.  Mason  in  the 
principal  characters,  and  the  entertainment  closed  with  "  The  Boys 
of  Saratoga,"  Julia  Pelby  acting  Caroline  Grantley.  April  20 
Mrs.  H.  P.  Grattan  played  Lady  Randolph  in  "Douglas."  May  9 
sras  the  amniversary  of  the  New  York  Dramatic  Society,  and  the 
performance  consisted  of  "The  Merchant  of  Venice,  — Harry 
Seymour  as  Shylock,  Miss  Grey  as  Portia,  and  Kate  Hunter  as 
Xerissa,  — " The  Review,"  with  Welsh  Edwards  and  Fanny  Os- 
borne in  the  principal  characters,  Dutch  readings  by  Sam  Glenn, 
the  farce,  "My  Wife's  Second  Floor." 

The  next  manager  was  Charles  R.  Thome,  who  opened  Aug.  I 

TCH.  II.  —  S 



with  "The  Poor  Soldier,"  "The  Child  of  the  Regiment,"  and 
"The  Lady  and  the  Devil."  The  company  included  Julia  Pelby, 
Delia  Norval  (who  was  murdered  at  Windsor  Locks,  Ct),  Rose, 
May,  Allen,  Mesdames  C.  R.  Thome,  Brunton  (formerly  Helen 
Matthews),  Bamett,  Monell,  Lewis,  Mestayer,  Brunton,  John 
Winans,  A.  L.  Vincent,  Odell,  Harry  Seymour,  Tom  Wemyss, 
Holmes,  J.  B.  Wright  (stage  manager).  Mr.  Thome  took  a 
benefit  Sept.  3  in  "The  Limerick  Boy,"  which  had  this  cast: 

Paddy  Miles     .    .    .      James  Pilgrim 
Mrs.  Fidget      ....     Mrs.  Monell 

Henry Holmes 

Jane Miss  May 

A  dance  by  Miss  La  Folle  was  done,  after  which  came  "  Michael 
Erie":  Michael  Erie,  Harry  Watkins;  Philip  D'Arville,  Griffiths; 
David  Gillifiower,  Weaver;  Andrew,  Holmes;  Jackson,  Thomas; 
Dame  Stapleton,  Mrs.  Monell;  Julia  Spring,  Julia  Pelby;  Stephen 
Gerard,  Vincent;  Miles,  Seymour;  Bates,  Odell;  Mary,  Miss 
Allen.  This  was  followed  with  a  song,  after  which  "The 
Widow's  Victim"  was  played: 

Coates Weaver 

Remden Odell 

Job Vincent 

Jeremiah  Clip  . 

iane  Chatterly 
Irs.  Ratdeton 

.  .  Wm.  Goodall 
Mrs.  C.  R.  Thome 
.    .    .  Miss  Pelby 

Podge Griffiths 

Twitter Holmes 

Mrs.  Twitter      ....    Miss  Allen 

The  performance  closed  with  "The  Ourang  Outang."  George  Lea 
bought  this  house  from  Charley  White  in  1854,  and  managed  it  for 
a  few  months  as  a  novelty  theatre,  after  which  it  became  a  German 
theatre  until  Jan.  i,  1855.  It  was  then  closed,  and  on  March  11, 
1855,  was  sold  at  auction  and  converted  into  stores. 


THE  "  Old  Stuyvesant "  was  situated  at  663  Broadway,  opposite 
Bond  Street,  and  afterwards  variously  known  as  Academy 
Hall,  Donaldson  Opera  House,  and  Mozart  Hall.  Mons.  L.  Poz- 
nanski  appeared  here  in  concert  Dec  20,  1852.  R.  H.  Sliter,  the 
clog  dancer,  was  seen  Sept  11,  1852.  John  R  Owens  began  a 
summer  season  here  July  25,  1853,  with  his  polyphonic,  myrio- 
graphic  monologue,  founded  on  his  ascent  of  Mont  Blanc.  Sept. 
28  there  was  exhibited  what  was  considered  a  wonderful  curiosity, 
—  Cornelius  Vroman,  aged  57  years,  a  native  of  Munroe  County, 
N.  Y.,  who  had  been  in  apparent  pleasant  and  profound  sleep  for 
five  years.     Ferham's  "Seven  Mile  Mirror"  was  seen  Oct.  31, 

1853.  Sam  S.  Sanford's    Opera  company  were  heard  Aug.  28, 

1854.  Ferham's  Burlesque  opera  troupe  appeared  Oct.  16,  1854, 
in  "The  Rabble  Family's"  comic  pantomime  "Sam  Fatch,"  ar-*"^ 

/  / 

•^   V. 


by  Edwin  Marden,  being  a  burlesque  on  the  Ravel  Family. 
The  boose  closed  Jan.  5,  1855,  for  two  months.  Perham*s  same 
company  returned  in  March,  and  remained  until  July.  The  next 
occupants  were  Christy's  Minstrels,  who  commenced  Dec.  10  for 
twelve  nights.  E.  H.  Pierce,  J.  B.  Donniker,  Ben  Mallorv,  J.  W. 
Rajrnor,  Lewis  Bfanns,  W.  P.  Collins,  N.  W.  Gould,  T.  Christian, 
H.  Huntington,  S.  Condit,  and  Jos.  Murphy  were  members  of  the 
company.  The  name  of  the  theatre  was  now  changed  to  Donald- 
son's Opera  House.  Tom  Thumb  and  Dr.  Valentine  appeared 
April  28,  i8s6. 

Mme.  Anna  de  La  Grange  gave  a  concert  here  Nov.  10^  1857,  for 
the  benefit  of  Henrietta  Simon.  The  name  of  the  house  was  again 
changed,  this  time  to  The  Canterbury,  and  was  opened  by  Fox 
ft  Curran  July  16,  i860,  as  a  variety  theatre.  Charley  White 
appeared  Aug..  27.  J.  H.  Odgen,  the  English  comic  singer,  made 
bis  American  d^but  Sept  3.  Marietta  Ravel,  the  tight-rope 
dancer,  the  Carlo  Family,  Cool  Burgess,  and  Kate  Pennoyer  were 
added  to  the  company  Oct.  22.  David  Braham  was  the  musical 
director.  Adah  Isaacs  Menken  appeared  Dec  17  as  a  singer  and 
dancer.  George  Christy's  Minstrels  appeared  June  10^  1861 ;  the 
principals  were  George  Christy,  Cool  White,  George  Fox,  Ed. 
Hamlam,  W.  Marks,  J.  A  Herman,  W.  Wrightman,  J.  Bayley, 
T.  McNally,  J.  Clairville,  P.  Cardella,  J.  Kelk,  F.  Boniface, 
Blaoque,  Lynes,  and  Masters  Bobby  and  Leon.  Fox  &  Sharpley's 
Binstrels  took  possession  of  the  ball  Oct  7,  and  remained  for 
three  weeka  In  this  company  were  Sam  Sharpley  and  Dave  Reed. 
They  were  succeeded  Oct  28  by  Hoolev's  minstrels,  Hooley  & 
Grimn«  proprietors,  who  remained  until  May,  1862,  during  which 
time  G.  W.  H.  Griffin,  Charles  Fox,  Billy  Gray,  Melville,  Mar- 
lowe.  Reed,  Childs,  J.  C.  Reeves,  RoUin  Howard,  Asche,  McNally, 
R.  M.  Hooley,  Morley,  Currie,  and  Smitze  appeared.  In  May. 
1862,  the  AUeghanians  appeared. 


DURING  the  winter  of  1852-53  there  was  formed  a  syndicate 
of  showmen  (eight  Americans),  including  Avery  Smith. 
Richard  Sands,  Titus  and  Seth  R  Howes,  for  the  purpose  of  in« 
trodocing  the  hippodrome  to  America.  Corporal  Thompson's  lot, 
titoated  at  the  northwest  comer  of  Twenty-third  Street  and  Broad- 
way (now  occupied  by  the  Fifth  Avenue  Hotel)  —  also  once  known 
as  a  bostelrie,  a  sort  of  stopping-place  for  turfmen  and  other 
sportive  gentlemen,  —  was  secured,  and  a  large  structure  erected« 
Although  at  that  time  the  location  was  out  of  town,  it  was  con* 
lidered  the  most  convenient  It  was  a  little  vellow  wooden  house, 
originally  built  as  a  country  residence  by  Christopher  Mildeberger. 

20        A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D^ 

At  the  time  referred  to,  fast  trotting  horses  and  light  wagons  were 
very  popular,  and  Corporal  Thompson's  house  was  a  favorite  stop- 
ping place  for  the  gilded  youth,  the  fast  men,  and  the  better  class 
of  sporting  characters  of  the  period.  The  land  belonged  to  the 
Howland  estate.  It  did  not  bring  in  much  income,  and  when 
Monnot  made  an  offer  for  the  property,  his  proposition  was  ac- 
cepted The  little  yellow  house  soon  disappeared  to  make  room 
for  the  Hippodrome,  where  the  sports  of  the  Roman  circus,  the 
chariot  races,  and  gladiatorial  contests  and  other  performances 
were  presented.  The  structure  was  built  of  brick  walls,  two 
stories  high,  while  the  auditorium  was  covered  with  a  tin  roof,  the 
inside  of  the  walls  being  covered  with  canvas.  The  first  exhibi- 
tion was  given  May  2,  1853.  The  performers  were  Mme.  Franconi, 
Henry  Franconi,  Mme.  Chiarini,  Les  FrSres  Siegrist,  Mme.  Sie- 
grist,  Sylvester,  Mme.  Ricard,  Mile.  Mason,  Angelina,  Caroline 
Vidal,  Leontine  Geilhard,  Adeline  Figett,  Eugenie  Maria,  Mons. 
Ferdinand  Maria,  Eugenie  Cerf,  Mons.  Mason,  Mons.  and  Master 
Nicolo.  H.  Franconi  was  director  of  hippodrome.  The  prices  of 
admission  were:  Boxes,  50  cts.;  reserved  seats,  $1;  pit,  25  cts. ; 
season  tickets,  $$0.  Long  before  the  performance  commenced  the 
sale  of  tickets  was  stopped,  and  many  thousand  were  disappointed 
in  obtaining  admission.  The  amphitheatre  held  an  audience  of 
4,ocx>,  which  was  the  capacity  of  the  place.  The  circle  was  700  ft. 
in  circumference. 

Franconi 's  Hippodrome  was  conducted  in  a  style  unknown  in 
equestrian  performances.  It  was  a  vast  amphitheatre,  having  no 
stage,  but  enclosing  a  stadium,  over  which  were  run  chariot  races, 
and  upon  which  other  exciting  displays  were  made.  The  contor- 
tionist, Mons.  Deveme,  and  the  Sylvester  Family,  in  the  spiral 
globe  act  (for  the  first  time  in  America),  were  also  seen.  Franconi 
introduced  his  performing  ''  manage  "  and  race  horses  and  racing 
ostriches.  The  latter  were  driven  in  harness  and  were  rode  under 
saddle  by  small  boys  around  the  race  track.  There  were  male  and 
female  characters,  racing  camels,  elephants,  and  reindeers.  The 
stag  hunt  was  done  with  horses  and  hounds,  leaping  barricades  and 
ditches  filled  with  water,  twelve  feet  wide.  James  M.  Nixon  was 
manager  of  the  performance;  he  also  did  an  act  with  two  boys,  on 
a  platform  on  wheels,  while  being  driven  around  the  ring.  Each 
performance  commenced  with  "  The  Field  of  the  Cloth  of  Gold. " 
In  the  tournament  knights  on  horseback  fought  a  combat  with 
battle-axes  and  spears,  finishing  the  act  with  one  horse  and  rider 
supposed  to  be  killed.  The  entertainment  was  continued  for  about 
three  weeks,  when  the  American  artists,  with  their  horses,  together 
with  Chiarini  and  his  performing  horses,  started  for  a  summer  tour. 

J.  A.  Dumbolton  took  a  benefit  Aug.  12,  1853,  when  a  trotting 
match  took  place  between  Lady  Suffolk,  entered  by  Hiram  Wood- 


mff.  ind  Mac»  entered  by  William  Whelan.  The  first  season 
doted  Nov.  26^  1853,  and  the  company  went  to  Boston.  The 
•eoood  and  last  season  opened  June  26,  1854*  The  Fifth  Avenue 
kotel  was  built  on  the  Hippodrome's  site  and  opened  in  1859. 


EMPIRE  HALL  was  situated  at  596  Broadway,  and  adjoined 
the  Metn^litan  Hotel.  In  February,  1853,  it  was  occupied 
by  Ba&vard's  Pilgrimage  to  Jerusalem  ana  Holy  Land.  May  12, 
1S56W  the  Keller  troupe  commenced  with  tableaux  and  musical 
0Otri^  Gustave  Dedas  appeared  with  regvLlzr  dramatic  perform- 
aaoea  in  September,  with  a  French  company.     A  series  of  paint- 

21,  representing  scenes  in  Dr.  Kane's  Arctic  voyages,  were  on 
ibition  Oct  12,  1857.     The  place  was  afterward  known  as  The 
Santa  Claus,  and  R.  W.  Williams  was  the  manager.     He  re- 
here  until  the  lease  expired,  January,   1859^   when  he 
to  72  Prince  Street 


WHAT  was  known  as  The  Maze  Garden  was  situated  on  Fifth 
Avenue,  near  Forty-second  Street,  opposite  the  entrance  to 
the  Crolon  Reservoir.  The  Garden  occupied  two  acres  of  {^und, 
cpftfeJ  with  a  large  growth  of  deciduous  and  evergreen  trees  and 
shniba»  adorned  with  arbors  and  fountains,  and  surrounded  by 
riossy  slopes,  effectively  combining  the  beauties  of  nature  and  art 
la  tbe  main  building  were  two  refreshment  saloons  with  commo- 
dioas  piazzas.  The  most  attractive  feature  of  the  Garden  was  the 
■aae  or  labyrinths,  constructed  after  the  plan  of  the  one  in  Hamp- 
tOQ  Court,  London,  formed  in  the  early  part  of  King  William  IV.  's 
ftign,  and  the  only  one  in  the  country.  Ice  cream  and  other  re- 
freshments were  served.  No  spirituous  or  intoxicating  liquors 
were  sold.  It  was  open  every  day,  commencing  July  i,  1853,  from 
t  A.  M.  until  sunset.  The  entrance  to  the  Garden  was  free. 
Mitchell  &  Ca  were  managers. 


A  CANVAS  show  known  as  the  Washington  Circus  was  situ- 
ated on  the  comer  of  Sixth  Avenue  and  Thirty-ninth  Street, 
m  the  immediate  vicinity  of  the  Crystal  Palace.  It  was  opened 
Jime  IS,  1853,  by  Col.  Alvah  Mann,  formerly  manager  of  the  old 
Broadway  Theatre.  Mme.  Tourniaire,  the  Antonio  Family, 
W.  H.  darroll  and  Mrs.  and  Miss  Carroll  (afterwards  Mrs.  Ben 
Maginley)  were  in  the  company. 

22         A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D^ 


THE  Crystal  Palace  was  situated  in  Forty -second  Street  and 
Sixth  Avenue,  and  was  opened  July  14,  1853.  It  covered 
five  acres.  Its  sides  were  composed  of  glass,  supported  by  iron. 
There  were  two  military  bands, — Dodworth's  and  Bloomfield's 
U.  S.  Band,  and  an  orchestra  and  Noll's  Military  Band,  — a  grand 
chorus,  and  an  immense  organ.  There  were  present  about  20,000 
people  on  the  opening  day.  The  U.  S.  Band  struck  up  '^Hail 
Columbia,"  and  finished  with  "Yankee  Doodle."  This  was  fol- 
lowed by  a  prayer  by  Bishop  Wainwright.  Then  came  the  hymn, 
"Old  Hundred,"  by  the  Second  Harmonic  society,  with  Gea 
Bristow  as  conductor;  Mr.  Timm  was  director  of  the  musical  ar- 
rangements.  Theodore  Sedgwick,  president  of  the  Crystal  Palace 
association,  then  addressed  Franklin  Pierce,  President  of  the 
United  States.  June  15,  1854,  there  was  "a  musical  congpress." 
M.  Jullien  was  the  conductor.  This  artist  took  a  benefit  here  and 
made  his  last  appearance  in  America  June  26,  being  his  first  and 
only  benefit  in  America.  Oct.  31  the  place  was  closed.^  During 
the  removal  of  the  goods  and  the  sales  by  auction,  visitors  were 
admitted  at  twelve  and  a  half  cents  each.  This  edifice  started  in 
its  delicate  beauty  from  the  earth  like  the  ''  'magining  of  happy 
vision."  Viewed  at  a  distance,  its  burnished  dome  resembl^  a 
half-disclosed  balloon,  as  large  as  a  cathedral,  but  light,  brilliant, 
and  seemingly  ready  to  burst  its  bands  and  soar  aloft.  Nothing 
like  this  building,  in  shape  or  size,  material  or  effect,  was  ever 
before  seen  in  America.  It  was  two  stories  high.  The  first  was 
in  the  form  of  an  octagon,  the  second  of  a  Greek  cross.  The  centre 
of  this  was  a  dome,  148  ft.  high.  The  four  comers  of  the  octagon 
were  furnished  each  with  two  towers,  70  ft.  high.  These  towers 
supported  flagstaffs.  The  construction  of  the  building  was  similar 
to  that  of  the  original  in  London.  The  29th  annual  fair  of  the 
American  Institute  was  opened  here  Sept.  15,  1857.  It  was 
destroyed  by  fire  Oct.  5,  1858.  The  site  is  now  called  Bryant 


THE  Broadway  Museum  and  Menagerie  was  situated  at  337 
Broadway,  and  was  opened  Nov.  21,  1853,  with  a  collection 
of  living  wild  animals,  including  the  rhinoceros,  elephant  Hanni- 
bal, lions,  tigers,  leopards,  bears,  and  zebras,  also  Herr  Driesbach, 
the  lion  king.  The  Siamese  twins.  Chang  and  Eng,  and  Mr. 
Nellis,  the  man  without  arms,  were  to  be  seen.  This  place  closed 
April  15,  1854. 



WASHINGTON  HALL  was  situated  at  103,  105,  107  Eliza- 
beth Street,  near  Grand  Street,  and  was  occupied  Nov.  6, 
1S539  by  a  German  opera  company  under  the  direction  of  Adolphus 
Libcnti,  who  opened  with  the  opera  of  ''Das  Nachblager  in 


APOLLO  ROOMS  were  situated  on  the  east  side  of  Broadway, 
below  Canal  and  opposite  Lispenard  Street.     Thev  were 
for  various  exhibitions,  such  as  concerts,  lectures,  ana  pano- 
It  was  at  one  time  called  the  American  Art  Union.     It 
afterwards  converted  into  a  concert  and  ball-room,  and  so  con- 
tinued until  it  was  torn  down. 


A  PLACE  of  amusement  known  as  ''  World  Hall "  was  situated 
at  377  and  379  Broadway,  comer  of  White  Street  Prof. 
Hart*s  panorama  and  diorama  of  the  whole  world  was  on  exhibi- 
tion here  April,  1854. 


THE  Franklin  Museum  was  situated  at  127  Grand  Street, 
upstairs,  one  door  from  Broadway.  It  was  owned  by  James 
Mulligan,  who  kept  a  liquor  store  next  door.  He  also  carried  on 
horseshoeing  in  the  basement  of  127  Grand  Street  The  first  floor 
was  tenanted  by  a  Mr.  Parroelee,  who  kept  a  concert  saloon.  The 
entire  upper  part  of  the  building  was  occupied  by  Geo.  Lea,  who 
leased  the  place  at  the  close  of  his  management  of  53  Bowerv 
(April,  1854),  and  named  it  the  Franklin  Museum.  The  princi- 
pal attractions  were  model  artists.  On  Dec  7,  1857,  there  were 
twenty-seven  "ladies,'*  under  the  direction  of  Mme.  Wharton,  who 
appeared  afternoon  and  evening  each  day  in  the  week  (except 
Sunday)  in  fourteen  living  representations  of  statuary.  The  ad- 
mission was:  Orchestra  seats,  50  cts. ;  boxes,  25  cts.  George  Lea 
continued  here  until  the  close  of  the  season  of  i859-6a  No 
entertainment  of  any  nature  was  given  here  after  Mr.  Lea  left,  but 
the  first  floor  was  used  as  a  restaurant 


WHITE'S  OPERA  HOUSE  was  situated  at  49  Bowery,  oppo- 
site  the  Old  Bowery  Theatre,  and  was  opened  Aug.  7,  1854, 
by  Charley  White.     Here,  also,  R.  M.  Carroll  made  his  d^but  as 

24        A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       C»H4 

"Master  Marks."  In  fact,  no  similar  place  ever  introduced  one- 
third  of  the  comic  material  during  its  whole  existence  as  this  same 
establishment.  Dan  D.  Emmett,  Frank  Stanton,  Billy  Coleman, 
John  Murray,  Pic  Butler,  M.  Turner,  W.  Roark,  J.  T.  Huntley, 
L  Donnelly,  M.  Lewis,  G.  White,  W.  N.  Smith,  Master  Juba, 
Boston  Rattler,  Wm.  Donaldson,  Wm.  Quinn,  J.  Carroll,  Tim 
Norton,  Tom  Briggs,  Hi  Rumsey,  James  Budworth,  Wm.  Bud- 
worth,  Dan  Gardner,  Joe  Brown,  Mike  Mitchell,  T.  D.  Rice,  John 
Mulligan,  Luke  West,  Johnny  Pell,  Sam  Wells,  Billy  Newcomb, 
Charley  Fox,  Dave  Wambold,  Ned  Deaves,  Pierce,  and  Warren, 
all  appeared  here.  One  of  the  favorites  at  this  house  was  William 
N.  Smith,  the  champion  bone  soloist.  He  was  compelled  to  retire 
from  the  profession  about  1866,  in  consequence  of  an  abscess  that 
formed  in  his  right  breast,  which,  after  being  operated  upon, 
affected  him  in  his  right  arm,  drawing  it  up  so  that  it  was  impos- 
sible for  him  to  shake  the  bones  any  more.  He  went  to  the  hospi- 
tal, and,  while  under  the  influence  of  ether,  the  doctors  forced  his 
arm  back,  making  it  straight,  but  in  doing  so  snapped  some  of  the 
tendons,  from  which  up  to  his  death  (which  occurred  in  this  city 
Feb.  4,  1869)  he  suffered  constant  pain.  Mr.  White  kept  the 
house  going  for  a  short  time,  and  was  joined  in  the  management  by 
Geo.  Lea.  White's  Serenaders  was  the  entertainment  presented 
until  Mr.  Lea,  finding  it  was  not  the  success  anticipated,  took 
possession  of  the  entire  building  and  converted  it  into  a  kind  of 
a  "sideshow,"  which  paid  better. 
This  theatre  was  destroyed  by  fire  Jan.  20,  1857. 


A  LARGE  room  formerly  occupied  as  an  "  American  Ice  Cream 
Saloon,"  at  7  Chatham  Square,  was  refitted  and  opened  by 
Prof.  Leon  Sept.  3,  1854,  and  called  "The  American  Varieties. 
A  stage  was  erected  and  performances  were  given  in  magic,  per- 
forming canary  birds,  together  with  a  negro  minstrel  troupe,  con- 
sisting of  J.  M.  Keese,  guitar;  H.  Mestayer,  violin;  J.  A.  Flynn, 
bones;  S.  Coleman,  tambourine;  B.  Herrmann,  banjo;  scenes  in 
ventriloquism.  The  admission  was  12^  cts. ;  reserved  seats, 
25  cts. 


AN  historical  house  in  the  annals  of  New  York  theatres  is  "  The 
Academy  of  Music, "  located  on  the  north  side  of  Fourteenth 
Street  between  Third  Avenue  and  Irving  Place.  It  was  estimated 
that  1^200, OCX)  would  be  ample  for  building  such  a  theatre.  Of 
this  amount,  |li95,ocx>  was  subscribed  and  paid  in.     Instead  of 

i%l]  THE  ACADEMY  OF  MUSIC  25 

t200,ocxy  the  house  cost  1^335,000;  $60,000  for  the  ground  and 
^275,000  for  the  building.     It  was  erected  in  1854,  in  accordance 
with  the  plans  and  directions  of  Alexander  Saeltzer,  architect. 
There  were  4,600  seats.     The  house  and  stage  was  one  of  the 
largest  in  the  country.     Max  Maretzek  was  the  first  lessee,  and  he 
tented  it  to  James  H.  Hackett,  who  gave  the  initial  performance 
Oct  2,  1854,  of  "Norma,"  by  the  Grisi  and   Mario  opera  com- 
pany.     The  prices  of    seats  were  considered    exorbitant  then. 
Three  dollars  was  asked  for  parquet  seats,  and  from  |li2  to  II40 
for  the  boxes.     The  public  resented  these  high  prices,  and  the 
opening  of  the  Academy  was  a  failure  in  every  sense  of  the  word. 
Only  fifteen  hundred  persons  were  present,  and  the  next  day  the 
prices  were  reduced  one  half. 

Oct  9 ''I  Puritani"  was  sung,  with  the  first  appearance  in  this 
city  of  ISemardi,  the  baritone,  as  Ricardo.  The  house  was  closed 
OCL  23,  and  continued  dark  for  one  week,  in  consequence  of  the 
illness  of  Mario,  but  he  recovered  to  reopen  Nov.  14  in  "  I  Puri- 
tanL"  Dec  14  ''Norma"  was  sung,  and  Sig.  Lorini,  late  first 
tenor  of  the  Havana  Opera  company,  made  his  first  appearance  in 
New  York  in  four  years.  He  sang  the  rdle  of  Follione,  Mario 
being  again  indisposed.  The  season,  which  had  been  a  disastrous 
one,  with  a  loss  of  |l8,ooo,  closed  Dec.  29  with  a  benefit  to  J.  H. 
HacketL  Grisi  and  Mario  appeared  in  "  La  Traviata. "  Previous 
to  the  opera,  Mr.  Hackett  came  before  the  curtain,  thanked  the 
audience  for  their  generosity  on  the  occasion  of  his  benefit,  and 
innoonced  that  Grisi  and  Mario,  as  well  as  other  members  of  the 
company,  had  tendered  their  services  for  a  benefit  to  be  given  in 
relief  of  the  poor  of  this  city.  It  took  the  form  of  a  concert  on 
Jan.  II,  1855,  at  this  house.  Ole  Bull  was  the  next  lessee  who 
had  silent  partners.  A  prize  of  |li,ooo  was  offered  by  them  for 
tiie  best  original  opera  by  an  American  composer,  and  upon  a 
strictly  American  subject.  Then  the  stockholders  took  a  turn, 
with  Chevalier  Wikoff  as  manager,  and  lost  about  |l28,ooa  Al- 
together the  first  year  of  the  Academy  cost  about  1^50,000. 

The  reopening  under  the  new  management  occurred  Feb.  19, 
1855,  ^i^h  '' Rigoletto. "  The  company  consisted  of  Beagie  Bol- 
cioni  and  Ettore  Barili  (their  first  appearance  in  America), 
Cesare  Badiali,  Domenico  Lorini,  Luigo  Rocco,  Bertucca  Maret- 
zek, Pktti-Strakosch,  Coletti,  Avogadro,  Muller,  Puinto,  Leonardi, 
and  BaratinL  Max  Maretzek  was  musical  director.  The  prices 
were:  Pkrquet,  circle,  and  dress  circle,  $1;  second  circle,  50 
cts. ;  gallery,  25  cts. ;  reserved  seats  50  cts.  "  II  Trovatore  "  was 
brought  out  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  April  30,  with 
Vestvali,  Steffanone,  Brig^oli,  and  Amodio  in  the  cast.  A  testi- 
nxmial  benefit  to  James  W.  Wallack,  Sr. ,  took  place  afternoon  and 
efcniog  of  May  29.     This  was  the  programme :  — 

26         A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D»55 

Afternoon  Performance. 


Vivid Mr.  Leveie 

Sequence J.  Stoddart 

Monsieur  Jacques  .    .    Morris  Bamett 

Melanie Kate  Reienolds 

Antonio Mr.  Burke 

After  which  came  the  following  Concert. 

THE  SKYLARK Louisa  Pyne 

HUNTING  TOWER  (Scotch  ballad) Miss  Pync 

DUETT,  "  Tomame,'*  from  "  Don  Pasquale,*'  by  Louisa  Pyne  and  W.  Harrison 


This  was  followed  by 


Sir  Edward  Ardent F.  B.  Conway 

Mrs.  Chillinfiton Mrs.  F.  B.  Conway 

SCENA Isidora  Clark 

SONG Marion  Macarthy 

SONG  "  La  Seranata  '* Miss  Duckworth 

PAS  DE  DEUX Ducy  Barre  and  G.  W.  Smith 

After  which  came 


Citizen  Sangfroid     ..CM.  Walcot  I  Alphonse Grosvenor 

Pauline Mrs.  Hoeyl 

The  whole  concluded  with  a  comic  medley  dog  dance  by  Ben  Yates. 

Evening  Performance. 


Damon Edwin  Forrest 

LucuUus Grosvenor 

Philistius Wm.  Norton 

Calanthe Fannv  Vinine 

Hermione Mrs.  Bucklana 

Child Miss  Wallis 

PAS   DE  DEUX Mile.  Zoe  and  Mons.  Wiethoff 

OVERTURE Orchestra,  led  by  M.  Chatd 

This  was  followed  by 


compressed  for  this  occasion,  but  the  principal  portions  of  the  play  retained. 

Pythias     ....     E..L.  Davenport 

Dyonisius John  Dyott 

Damocles Chippendale 

Prodes Bernard 

Arria Miss  Carman 

Frederick  Bramble  J.  Lester  (Wallack) 
Dr.  Olapod  .  .  .  John  Brougham 
Corporal  Foss  ....  Chippendale 
Lucretia  MacTab      .     .    .  Mrs.  Blake 

Sir  Robert  Bramble  .  .  W.  R.  Blake 

Humphrey  Dobbin    .  .  .     .  H.  Hall 

Lieut.  Worthington  .  .  John  Dyott 

Sir  Charles  Cropeland  .  Mr.  Stewart 

Emily  Worthington  .  .  Rosa  Bennett 

The  whole  conduded  with 



The  Gendeman Wm.  Davidge 

The  Ladv Mrs.  Stephens 

Mme.  Jooarde Miss  Carman 



Mr.  Wallack,  on  being  called  before  the  curtain,  made  a  graceful 
speech,  and  closed  by  saying  "  this  affair  was  a  free-will  ofifering 
to  him  by  his  company  and  others  of  his  profession,  and  he  accepted 
it,  not  as  some  journals  had  hinted,  as  a  mendicant  (it  having  been 
so  represented  in  several  of  the  newspapers  of  the  day),  but  as  a 
gentleman."  In  "The  Poor  Gentleman '^  Rosa  Bennett  was  billed 
for  Emily  Worthington,  but  did  not  appear,  owing  to  illness,  and 
Mrs.  John  Hoey  was  subitituted  for  the  rdle.  The  prices  of  ad- 
mission were:  For  the  afternoon,  |li ;  no  seats  reserved.  Evening, 
tlie  prices  were :  Gallery,  25  cts. ;  every  other  portion  of  the 
$1,  with  50  cts.  extra  for  reserved  seats.  The  private 
were  sold  at  auction. 

Max  Bfaretzek  was  the  manager  season  of  1855-56.  On  Oct.  30 
"  Semiramide "  was  presented  for  the  first  time.  A  benefit  was 
given  to  George  H.  ("Gentleman  George")  Barrett  Nov.  20^ 
being  the  final  retirement  from  the  stage  of  this  veteran  actor. 
The  programme  was  as  follows :  Trial  scene  from  "  The  Merchant 
of  V^enice,"  J.  W.  Wallack  as  Shylock  (his  first  appearance  in 
twelve  months);  Harry  Placide  as  Launcelot  Gobbo;  Frazer  as 
Lorenzo  (in  which  character  he  introduced  the  serenade  of  "  When 
Rosy  Daylight  Flies,"  and,  with  Georgiana  Hodson,  the  duet,  ^I 
Love  Thee");  Lanergan  was  the  Bassanio;  A.  W.  Fenno,  Grati- 
too;  Sandford,  the  Duke;  H.  R  Phillips,  Antonio;  Stoddart, 
Tubal;  David  Whiting,  Old  Cyobbo;  Cutter,  Salanio;  Hodges, 
Silarino;  Ringgold,  Balthazar;  Walters,  Leonado;  Mme.  Ponisi, 
Portia;  Mrs.  Stephens,  Nerissa;  and  Georgiana  Hodson,  Jessica, 
with  the  song,  "Scenes  That  are  Brightest."  This  was  followed 
by  a  concert,  in  which  Dodworth's  Band  gave  several  of  their 
compositions.  Henrietta  Behrend  and  Borani  sang  several  songs. 
The  performance  closed  with  the  third,  fourth,  and  fifth  acts  of 
"The  School  for  Scandal,"  cast  as  follows: 

Sir  Peter R.  Blake 

Mows T.  Placide 

Sir  Bcnjamio C.  Clarke 

Crabtne D.  Whidng 

Trip GrosTenor 

Ckartes J.  Lester 

Lady  Teazle  .  .  Julia  Dean  Hayne 
Mrm.  Csadoar  .  .  .  Mrs.  Broagham 
Maria Mn.  Warren 

Lady  Sneerwell     .     .Mrs.  ThompiOQ 

Joteph C.  Fisher 

Sir  Oliver    ....    John  Brougham 

Careless F.  Lyster 

Snake B.  T.  Ringgold 

Sir  Harry WaTters 

Rowley Henry 

Jo8eph*s  Senrant        .     .    L.  J.  Vincent 

Previous  to  the  comedy  Mr.  Barrett  appeared  before  the  curtain 
hsTing  his  children  by  the  hand,  and  took  leave  of  the  public  in  a 
short  and  feeling  address.  He  died  in  this  city  Sept.  5,  i86a 
Who  shall  tell  the  privations  he  silently  endured  ?  Who  picture 
tiK  anguish  of  his  sensitive  feelings  as  he  gasped  away  his  life, 
limes  in  actual  want,  and  rarely  in  the  possession  of  the  com- 



monest  domestic  comforts  ?  When  the  Dramatic  Fund  was  com- 
pelled by  its  bad  management  to  curtail  its  annuities,  Barrett  was 
thrown,  with  his  interesting  family,  almost  entirely  upon  the  kind- 
ness of  his  friends.  How  few  actors  have  the  prudence  to  "lay 
up  "  in  the  sunshine  a  store  for  a  rainy  day  1  How  very  few  can 
get  rid  of  the  self-conceit  which  whispers,  when  they  are  making 
money  abundantly,  that  they  shall  ever  do  it  —  that  the  golden  tide 
will  never  turn  —  that  no  darkness  of  night  shall  ever  follow  the 
noonday  of  their  prosperity.  George  Horton  Barrett  was  familiarly 
known  as  ''  Gentleman  George. "  He  was  bom  at  Exeter,  Devon* 
England,  Jan.  9,  1794,  and  made  his  first  appearance  on  the  Amer- 
ican stage,  179(5,  as  a  child,  in  "Pizarro,"  at  the  Federal  Street 
Theatre,  Boston.  In  June,  1806,  he  appeared  at  the  Park  Theatre, 
New  York,  as  Young  Norval  in  "Douglas."  In  1829  he  was  co- 
manager  with  Gilfert  of  the  Bowery  Theatre.  In  1847,  he  returned 
to  England  for  the  purpose  of  engaging  actors  for  the  opening  of 
the  Broadway  Theatre,  and  in  September  he  became  acting  and 
stage  manager  of  that  theatre.  On  Feb.  15,  1858,  he  opened  a 
school  of  acting  at  213  Bleecker  Street,  New  York.  He  had 
scarcely  an  equal  as  a  light  comedian  in  America. 
"  Hamlet "  was  played  here  Nov.  27,  with  this  cast : 

Hamlet C.  T.  P.  Ware  Gufldenstcrn     .     .    .  D.  C.  Morehead 

Ghost       ....      Isaac  Clark  Pray  First  Gravedigger      .    Jas.  H.  Caffer^ 

Polonius  .    .     Thaddeus  W.  Meghan  Second  Gravi^gger .    £.  F.  Underhu! 

Horatio Fredk.  I.  King  Queen     •    .    .      Emily  P.  Lesdemier 

Marcellus A.  Joceline  Osric Fred  M.  Edge 

Bernardo      ....     W.  J.  Deloyne  Ophelia Ada  Clare 

A  season  of  Italian  opera  commenced  March  12,  1856,  under  the 
direction  of  W.  H.  Payne,  with  "II  Trovatore."  The  cast  included 
Brignoli,  Amodio,  Mme.  de  La  Grange,  and  Mile.  Aldini,  in  the 
chi^  rdles.  Adelaide  Phillips  was  announced  to  appear,  but  was 
prevented  by  illness.  "II  Trovatore"  was  repeated  March  17, 
when  Adelaide  Phillips  made  her  d^but  as  Azucena.  The  ninth 
annual  benefit  of  the  American  Dramatic  Fund  occurred  here  Aug. 
18,  when  the  following  was  the  programme: 


Petmcio Robert  Johnston 

Biondello P.  C.  Byrne 

Music  Master McDooall 

Katharina Mrs.  Abbott 

Bianca Miss  Carman 

Baptista Bowes 

Hortensio Cranshawe 

Gnxmio H.  Jordan 

The  Tailor Fuller 

The  Cook Church 

H.  L.  Bateman  read  Schiller's  "Hymn  to  Joy,"  and  was  followed 
by  "The  Widow's  Victim,"  cast  thus: 

Clip F.  S.  Chanfrau  Twitter C.  Warwick 

Mrs.  Rattleton  .     .    .      Mrs.  E.  Place  Tremaine S.  Browne 

Jane  Chatterly .    .    .     Miss  Albertine  Mrs.  Twitter    .    .    •     Mrs.  McDoumll 




After  this  came  songs  bv  Mrs.  Diiffield  and  Julia  Miles,  followed 
hf  "  Faint  Heart  Never  Won  Fair  Lady " :  Mrs.  McLean  as  the 
Duchess ;  Mary  Gannon  as  King  Charles ;  Robert  Johnston  as  Ruy 
Goaies;  John  Ellsler  as  the  Marquis;  Leighton  as  Don  Giovanni, 
and  MrL  Hennr  as  the  Duenna.  After  which  came  a  dance  bv 
Ernestine  and  Annie  Henrade,  selections  from  ''The  Hunchback, 
with  Annette  Ince  (first  appearance  in  New  York)  as  Julia; 
Fleming  as  Master  Walter  and  Charles  Loveday  as  Sir  Thomas. 
The  performance  closed  with  ^A  Kiss  in  the  Dark."  This  was 
the  fosi  appearance,  since  his  European  tour,  of  Robert  Johnston. 
James  H.  Hackett,  with  a  dramatic  company,  appeared  here  Sq>t 
1  IB -Henry  IV." 

Earl  of  Westmoreland     F.  C.  Wemyss 

Francis Geo.  Holland 

NedPoins Rdd 

Bard<^h J.  B.  Fuller 

Lady  Percy Kate  Saxon 

Sir  Walter  Blunt    ....    Haviland 
Sir  Richard  Vernon   .    .    .    H.  Bland 

rriKftof  Waks 

....     Hackett 
.  J.  W.  WallactJr. 

•  .    •  Geo.  Tofdan 

•  .    .  Mrs.  Vernon 

Kky  Henry H.  Farren 

Pfinoe  loho  .  .  .  Miss  Duckworth 
Earl  of  Northomberland  .  C.  L.  Allen 
Eari  cf  Worcester  .    .    .    H.  Howard 

On  SepC  4  a  dramatic  benefit  performance  took  place  for  W. 
)L  Fleming,  the  old  manager,  not  the  William  Fleming  at  present 
bdore  the  public     The  programme  was : 


(Second  and  Third  Acts.) 

Rob  Roy  Macgregor  Campbell  MacStnart Sam  Ryan 

John  Dyott  Saunders  Wylie  .  .  .  Mr.  Taclcson 
KahleMiOsbakDstoneG.  K.  Dickinson  Andrew  Fairservice  .  Mr.  Nicholson 
»^.  ^Tt^t  « — r.  -r^^_i-.  ««i^   Sergeant Geo.  Edeson 

He^n  Macgregor      .     .     Mme.  Ponisi 
Diana  Vernon  .     Mrs.  W.  M.  Fleming 

Martha Miss  Wilson 

Jean  Mc Alpine     .     .    Mrs.  J.  Seymour 

fiiilie  Kicol  Jarrie    .    .    ChaHes  Hale 

DoQgal James  Seymour 

Miior  Galbratth  .  W.  M.  LeffingweU 
Ffiacis  Osbaldistone  M.  V.  Lingham 
Captain  Thornton  A.  A.  Keed 

Sir  Frederick  Vernon,  Mr.  Cheesebrough 

Followed  by  the  Musical  Extravaganxa, 



Dob  Icamier   (first  appearance  in  New 

York) Mrs.  John  Wood 

BbesabeQa     .    .    .      Mrs.  Carpenter 
Don  Moustaches  de  Harry  Barbos 

Mr.  Cheesebrough 
Coeatcts  Caiola  .  .  .  Miss  Ryerson 
Coutcas  Caba     .     .     .     Miss  Wilson 

Mr.  Ryan 

TMckhead  .    .      Mr.  Edeson 

Sambo Mr.  Nicholson 

The  Fairy Helen  Mintum 

Diego Mr.  Henry 

Marquis T.  E.  Morris 

Abricotina Fannjr  Deane 

SUletto Mr.  Williams 

Xquisitelittlepet  .     .     .     Mrs.  Fleming 
TaxalatotittleUttle  .    .     Miss  Jackson 

30         A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D^ 

After  which,  third  act  of 


Pauline Jane  Coombs  t  Widow  Melnotte      Mrs.  H.  P.  Grattan 

Claude  Melnotte  .     .     W.  M.  Fleming  I  Song  —  '<  Annie  Laurie  '*   Mrs.  Fleming 


Diggory T.  B.  Johnston 

Charles  Stanley  .  Mr.  Cheesebrough 
Sir  Gilbert  Pumpkin  .  .  T.  E.  Morris 
Miss  Bridget  Pumpkin 

Mrs.  H.  P.  Grattan 
Scene  from 


Harry  Stukely   ....    A.  A.  Reed 
Miss  Kitty  Sprightly  .      Miss  Mintum 

Simon Chas.  Parsloe 

"  Stick  " James  Seymour 

Jane  Chatterly  .    Mrs.  James  Seymour  |  Jeremiah  Clip 

M.  W.  LeffingweU 

"  The  Merry  Wives  of  Windsor  "  was  acted  Sept  9,  with  Clara 
Fisher  Maeder  as  Mrs.  Page;  Sept.  18,  for  the  benefit  of  Hackett, 
and  last  appearance  of  the  company,  **  Rip  Van  Winkle  "  and  **  The 
Kentuckian  "  were  given.  John  Brougham  and  Henry  C.  Jarrett 
rented  the  house  for  one  night,  Nov.  20,  for  the  purpose  of  present- 
ing "The  Drunkard,  or  the  Fallen  Saved."  The  following  an- 
nouncement was  made:  "One  thousand  children  on  the  stage;  a 
new  quadrille  by  forty-eight  lads  and  lasses,  under  ten  years  of 
age,  and  a  Scotch  Strathspey,  by  eight  young  ladies,  under  the 
direction  of  Ben  Yates."    The  cast  of  "The  Drunkard  "  was: 

Edward  Middleton     .     Harnr  Watkins 
Lawyer  Cribbs  .     .  M.  W.  LeffingweU 

Old  Johnson Wilson 

Arden  Rencelaw    ....     T.  Cline 
Mary  Wilson     ....    Kate  Saxon 

Miss  Spindle  ....  Eliza  Place 
Mrs.  Wilson  ....  Mrs.  Hield 
Bill  Dowton  ....  J.  G.  Bamett 
Julia Lora  Gordon  Boon 

Mrs.  McMahon,  an  amateur  actress  from  Buffalo,  N.  Y.,  made 
her  New  York  d^but  Jan.  17,  1857,  as  Juliet  in  "Romeo  and 
Juliet,"  when  Mrs.  Coleman  Pope  acted  Romeo  for  the  first  time 
in  New  York.  Mrs.  McMahon  had  made  her  d^but  in  Buffalo, 
N.  Y.,  Dec.  16,  1856,  and  the  critics  of  that  city  were  severe  to 
her,  but  the  critics  of  this  city  attacked  her  most  unmercifully. 

Marietta  Gazzaniga  made  her  American  d6but  at  the  Academy  of 
Music,  Philadelphia,  Feb.  23,  1857,  as  Leonora  in  "II  Trovatore.'* 

She  was  first  heard  in  this  city  April  13,  following  as  Violetta 
in  "  La  Traviata. "  She  sang  in  Havana,  Cuba,  in  the  winters  of 
1857  and  1858,  during  the  first  season  sharing  public  favor  with 
Mme.  Frezzolini,  and  being  overshadowed  by  Signora  Gassier 
during  the  last.  She  then  toured  the  country  under  the  manage- 
ment of  Jacob  Grau  and  Don  Diego  de  Vivo.  May  21,  1866, 
she  sang  Rachel  in  "La  Juive"  at  the  Academy  of  Music,  this 




city.  In  1877  she  ag^in  sang  Leonora  in  the  Academyof  Music, 
Philadelphia.  She  died  in  Italy  in  December,  1833.  During  the 
list  few  years  oi  her  public  life  she  sang  the  contralto  rdles  in 
Bany  of  the  operas  in  which  she  had  previously  been  heard  as  a 
toprana  After  retiring  from  the  stage  she  taught  music  in  this 
city  for  several  years,  assisted  by  Sig.  Albites,  her  second  hus- 
band, her  first  having  died  during  one  of  her  visits  to  Havana.  In 
1879  she  returned  to  Italy.  Gazzaniga  was  an  admirable  lyrical 
ictreia.  There  was  in  her  voice  a  certain  purity  and  sweetness  of 
toae  which  charmed  all.  It  was  a  clear,  silvery,  sonorous,  power- 
hU  voice,  and  of  a  capacity  I  have  seldom  heard  in  a  soprana 
She  was  a  prima  donna  who  never  got  a  cold,  and  never  disap- 
pointed the  American  public 

The  season  closed  March  21,  when  Mme.  D'Angri  and  Mme. 

Johannsen  made  their  first  appearance  at  this  house.     The  occasion 

was  the  appearance  of  the  Italian  and  German  opera  companies 

00  the  same  night     The  programme  was:  First  act  of  **  Norma," 

Teresa  P^odi  in  the  title  rdle,  followed  by  a  concert  in  which 

Thalberg  and  Mme.  d'Angri  were  heard.     Second  act  of  "Don 

Giovanni,"  with  Teresa  Parodi  as  Donna  Anna;  Cora  de  Wilhorst 

asZerlina;  Amelia  Patti-Strakosch  as  Donna  Elvira;  Tiberini  as 

Don  Ottavio;  Morelli  as  Don  Giovanni;  Dubreuil  as  Leporello, 

and  Morinni  as  Musetto.     This  was  followed  by  the  second  act 

of  *  Fidelio,  *  Mme.  Johannsen  as  Leonora ;  Beutler  as  Florestan ; 

Weinlich  as  Pizarro,  and  Oehlin  as  Rocco.     The  last  act  of  "  II 

Trovatore'*  was  given,  with  Teresa  Parodi  as  Leonora;  Mme.  Patti- 

Stnkosch  as  Azucena ;  Tiberini  as  Manrico,  and  Morelli  as  Count 


A  benefit  to  John  Lester  occurred  May  4,  when  "  Rob  Roy  "  was 
(ivtn  with  this  cast  : 


kbRoy Wallack 

taiyafb  Otbaklifttooe     .    .    .  Dyott 
Fittds  Qtbaidittonc     A.  H.  Davenport 

Hialali Kate  Pennoyer 

Hdn  Macyregof    .     .     .     Mrs.  Hoey 
Dan  Vcrnoo    ....      Julia  Daly 

Uatott Mary  Gannon 

fcss  McAlptne  .    .     .     Mrs.  Sylvester 

Bailie  Nicol  Jarvie Blake 

Dougal Brouffbam 

Owen J.  C  Whiting 

Galbraith C.  Walcot 

Thornton Reynolds 

Frederick G.  S.  Lee 

Sergeant De  Silveria 

This  was  followed  by  a  new  comedietta,  by  John  Brougham, 
cititled  ""A  Decided  Cfase,"  after  which  Shelton's  Comet  Band 
performed,  succeeded  by  the  farce  "  Jenny  Lind, "  with  lohn  Drew 
Si  Leatherlungs,  and  Mrs.  John  Wood  in  the  title  rdle.  "Day 
After  the  Wedding"  terminated  the  performance.  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
L  L.  Davenport  acted  CoL  and  Lady  Freelove. 

32        A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D»57 

The  house  was  reopened  May  i8,  by  Sig.  Morelli,  for  three 
nights,  in  order  to  introduce  Mr.  Jacobi,  a  young  American  tenor, 
who  had  been  studying  in  Italy.  "  II  Trovatore  "  was  sung,  with 
Jacobi  as  Manrico  and  Cora  de  Wilhorst,  her  first  appearance,  as 
Leonora.  May  20,  "  Lucia  di  Lammermoor ; "  May  22,  **  La  Figlia 
del  Reggimento, '*  when  Mile.  Aldini  sang  the  part  of  the  tenor. 
A  benefit  was  given  to  E.  A.  Marshall,  manager  of  the  Broadway 
Theatre,  this  city,  June  3.  The  programme  was  the  farce  "  Simp- 
son &  Co. " :  Mme.  Ponisi  as  Mrs.  Simpson,  Lizzie  Weston 
Davenport  as  Mrs.  Bromley,  A  H.  Davenport  as  Bromley.  ''II 
Trovatore,"  with  Gazzaniga  as  Leonora,  Mile.  Phillips  as  Azucena, 
Brignoli  as  Manrico,  Amodio  as  Count  de  Luna,  followed.  Then 
came  the  French  company  (first  appearance  in  this  city),  under 
the  management  of  Gustave  Debos,  in  the  vaudeville,  "Edgard 
Bonne,"  with  Mons.  Edgard,  Sage,  Victor,  Mme.  Gonthier,  Dedos, 
Mme.  D'Aire,  and  Mile.  Victor  in  the  cast. 

Mme.  Anna  de  La  Grange  leased  this  house  for  six  performances 
of  Italian  opera.  She  commenced  June  29  with  "  I  Puritani,"  with 
herself,  Brignoli,  Amodio,  and  Coletti  in  the  leading  rdles.  July 
I,  20,  "Norma;"  "Lucia  di  Lammermoor;"  July  8,  "La  Som- 
nambula;"  July  10,  17,  "II  Trovatore;"  July  15,  "I  Puritani." 
The  house  was  then  leased  by  William  Stuart  and  Dion  Bourcicault 
for  summer  concerts.  The  season  opened  Aug.  6,  and  among  the 
artists  were  Agnes  Robertson,  Mrs.  John  Wood,  Mile.  Spinola, 
M.  Guilemette,  Sig.  Amoldi,  Henrietta  Simon.  Robert  Stoepel 
was  musical  director.  The  prices  of  admission  were  25  cts., 
reserved  seats  50  cts.  Elder  Hyde,  "One  of  the  Seventies"  <rf 
Salt  Lake  City,  Utah,  related  his  personal  and  religious  experi- 
ences of  the  Prophet  Brigham  Young  and  the  Mormons  Sunday 
night,  Aug.  16.  Annie  Milner,  soprano,  and  Henry  C.  Cooper, 
violinist,  first  appeared  in  America  and  at  this  house  Aug.  17. 
Ermini  Frezzolini  made  her  American  d^but  Sept.  7  as  Amina  in 
"La  Somnambula."  Also  the  same  night  Labocetta,  Gassier,  and 
Carl  Anschutz  were  heard.  Mme.  d'Angri  made  her  d^but  in 
opera  Nov.  2,  as  Arsace  in  "Semiramide,"  with  Mme.  de  La 
Grange  in  the  title  rdle.  Sig.  Bignardi,  tenor,  made  his  American 
d^but  Nov.  2,  in  "  Rigoletto, "  then  acted  for  the  first  time  here. 
"II  Trovatore"  was  sung  Nov.  9,  Mme.  d'Angri  as  Azucena  for 
the  first  time  in  America.  Bignardi  was  Manrico,  and  Sig.  Arda- 
vini  (his  American  d^but)  was  Count  de  Luna.  The  season  closed 
Nov.  24  with  "  La  Somnambula. " 

The  season  was  resumed  Nov.  30,  when  Karl  Formes  made  his 
American  d^but  as  Bertram,  in  "Robert  le  Diable."  This  opera 
was  a  success  at  the  Astor  Place  Opera  House  in  December,  185 1, 
under  the  management  of  Max  Maretzek.  I  give  the  casts  then 
and  as  it  was  done  here  under  B.  Ulmann's  direction : 






Dbc^  1851.  Dk.,  1857. 

•  .    .    .  Sijpiora  StefiEanone Mme.  de  La  Gnm^ 

.    .    .    .  Signora  Bosio Mile.  Cairoli 

....  Sig.  Bettini Sig.  Bignardi 

....  Sig.  Vietti S\g.  Labocetta 

•  •    .    .  Sig.  Marini Herr  Formes 

....  Mine.  Celeste Signorina  Rolla 

Mme.  Anna  de  La  Grange  and  Karl  Formes  first  appeared  in 
oratorio  in  America,  December  191  in  Haydn's  "The  Creation.*' 
Mme.  Anne  Caradori  first  appeared  in  America,  Christmas  night, 
in  "The  Messiah/'  in  conjunction  with  Karl  Formes  and  Mile. 
d'AogrL  Mme.  Caradori  first  sang  in  opera  in  America,  Decem- 
ber 30^  as  Leonora  in  "Fidelio."  Thalberg's  farewell  took  place 
Jul  2,  i8s& 

E  Ulmann  commenced  a  season  of  Italian  opera  Feb.  28,  with 
"I  Puritani,"  with  this  cast: 

Efawa    ....    Anna  de  La  Grange 

After  Talbot Tiberml 

Sr  GMfge     ....      Karl  Formes 
SirBlnttDO Baratini 

Sir  Richard Gassier 

Henrietta Mme.  Morra 

Walter  Walton Dubreuil 

On  Feb.  24  ''Don  Giovanni"  was  sung,  and  three  orchestras 
vcre  presented.  The  one  on  the  right  side  of  the  stage  pl^^ 
"La  Gavote,"  while  on  the  left  another  orchestra  played  ''The 
Liader,"  and  the  regular  orchestra  executed  ''The  Minuet;"  the 
tiiree  different  melodies  composed  in  three  different  movements 
ad  plajred  by  the  three  orchestras  at  the  same  time.  March  i 
"Otello"  was  given  for  the  first  time  here.  Anna  de  La  Grange 
ttog  Desdemona,  Tiberini  was  the  Otello,  Labocetta,  Roderigo; 
Gassier  as  lago;  and  Karl  Formes  as  Elmero.  "The  Huguenots 
«u  presented  for  the  first  time  here  March  8,  and  the  cast  was: 


Viirnrina  .     .     .     Anna  de  La  Grange 

Mirgiierita Siedenburg 

fl  Coote  Di  San  Bris   .     .     .     Gassier 
0  Coaie  De  Nepers      .     .     .  Ta£Eanell] 

Urbana Elena  d*Angri 

Raoul Tiberini 

Marcel Formes 

The  performance  commenced  at  7. 3a  This  opera  was  given  once 
before  in  New  York,  at  the  Astor  Place  Opera  House,  in  1850,  by 
the  Havana  Opera  company,  under  the  direction  of  Marty,  when 
Stlvi,  Steffanone,  and  Bosio  sang  the  principal  parts. 

Karl  Formes  took  a  benefit  March  26,  and  made  his  last  appear- 
iDce  but  one  this  season.  The  great  basso  appeared  as  Marcel,  in 
•The  Huguenots."  For  the  matinee,  March  27,  Karl  Formes  and 
Mme  Johannsen  appeared  in  "Martha."  Formes  was  a  superb 
trtist  in  every  respect.  He  made  many  enemies  among  the 
Italians,  who  conspired  and  intrigued  against  him,  but  in  vain. 
He  was  supported  by  the  Germans  and  opera  goers  of  all  nations. 

34         A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       L«»5« 

and  was  a  great  favorite  with  the  native  portion  of  the  opera  audi- 
ence. "  Leonora,"  a  new  American  opera,  by  William  Henry  Fry, 
was  produced  for  the  first  time  March  29,  De  La  Grange  as  Leo- 
nora, D'Angri  as  Tiberini,  Rocco  as  Gassier,  and  Sig.  Baratini 
were  the  principals.  The  opera  was  in  the  repertoire  of  the 
Seguins,  who  sang  it  in  Philadelphia  in  1845.  ''Leonora"  was 
not  altered  from  what  it  was  in  old  times,  except  that  it  was  trans- 
lated into  Italian  and  a  new  air  introduced  for  Elena  d'Angri  and 
a  new  duet  for  her  and  Sig.  Tiberini.  The  casts  of  characters  here 
and  at  the  original  representation  were  as  follows : 

Philadelphia,  1S45.  ^^^  York,  iSjS. 

Valdo Peter  Richin|^ Sig.  Rocco 

Mantalvo Edward  Seguin Sig.  Gassier 

Alferez Mr.  Brunton    .........  Sig.  Baratini 

Julio Mr.  Frarer Sig.  Tiberini 

Leonora Mrs.  Seguin Mme.  de  La  Grange 

Mariana Miss  Ince Mme.  d'Angri 

The  season  closed  April  i,  with  the  tenth  performance  of  "The 
Huguenots."  From  the  opening  night  over  seventy  performances 
took  place,  and  several  new  operas  were  produced  in  grand  style. 
'*The  Huguenots,"  "Robert  le  Diable/'  and  "Don  Giovanni" 
saved  the  season. 

The  first  bal  masque  was  given  here  April  12,  under  the  direction 
of  Bernard  Ulmann.  The  orchestra  consisted  of  one  hundred  and 
thirty  performers  directed  by  Musard  The  rules  were  that  ladies 
must  be  masked,  and  not  admitted  unless  accompanied  by  a  gentle- 
man not  masked.  The  ladies  could  wear  fancy  costumes,  or  domi- 
nos.  Gentlemen  could  appear  in  fancy  costumes  or  plain  clothes, 
as  they  chose.  The  price  of  admission  was  50  cts.,  reserved 
seats  50  cts.  extra.  In  concert  Juliana  May  made  her  first 
appearance  April  26.  Carl  Anschutz  and  M.  Musard  were^'the 
conductors.  The  Associated  Artists  began  a  summer  season  May 
31.  They  consisted  of  Amodio,  Brignoli,  Gassier,  Dubreuil,  and 
Max  Maretzek,  conductor.  "  Sappho  "  was  sung  for  the  first  time 
at  this  house  June  21,  with  Gazzaniga,  Adelaide  Phillips,  Brignoli, 
and  Gassier  in  the  cast.  The  opera  was  first  produced  in  this  city 
at  Castle  Garden,  for  the  benefit  of  Signorina  Tedesco.  The 
season  closed  June  26,  but  the  house  continued  open  one  week 
longer,  when  several  of  the  artists  took  benefits.  Theo.  Moss 
had  a  benefit  June  29,  and  a  host  of  volunteers  appeared,  including 
Matilda  Heron,  as  Medea. 

The  eleventh  annual  benefit  of  the  American  Dramatic  Fund 
took  place  Aug.  2,  and  the  bill  was  "The  Rivals."  Sir  Anthony 
Absolute,  Mark  Smith;  Captain  Absolute,  George  Jordan;  Mrs. 
Malaprop,  Mrs.  Vernon;  Bob  Acres,  T.  B.  Johnston;  Sir  Lucius 


OTrigger,  George  Boniface ;  Lydia  Languish,  Marv  Gannon.  A 
dioce  by  Ben  Yates;  a  selection  from  "Richelieu  with  Edwin 
Booth  as  the  Cardinal;  a  selection  from  ''The  Love  Chase/*  cast 

Sr  Wiffiaa  FoodloTe .    .  S.  W.  Gleim 

Vadnke C.  WheaUeigh 

MMerWsIlcr Hamilton 

TiMOftb     ....       J.  W.  CoUer 

Widow  Green    .      Mrs.  H.  P.  Grattan 

Constance Jane  Coombs 

Lydia Amelia  Parker 

Phebe Miss  Francis 

This  was  followed  by  a  pageant,  by  John  Brougham,  entitled 
'Shakespore's  Dream    :    J.    Prior   as    Chronas,    H.    Ryner    as 

with  this 


Genius.     In  the  tableau  many  prominent  professionals  ap] 
"The  Review,  or  The  Wags  of  Windsor,     came  next  wii 

DcpHyBin  ....  W.R  Blake 
LodKj  McTwotter  .  .  .  Brougham 
Caleb  Qootem  ....  C.  Waicot 
Gnce  Ga  ylove     .    .    .      Ada  Clifton: 

John  Lump John  Sefton 

Owt.  Beaogard    ....    Jas.  Dunn 

Dobbs Uneard 

Lnqr Mrs.  John  Soton 

This  was  John  Sefton's  first  appearance  in  five  years.  "  A 
Rcuant  Neighbor  "  was  also  acted,  with  Cranshawe  as  Sir  George 
Howard,  Miss  A.  Cushman  as  Lad^  Howard,  Fanny  Herring  as 
NiDcy  Strop,  Gea  L.  Fox  as  Chnstopher  Strop,  and  Bruce  as 
Thomas.     **  The  Dtunb  Girl  of  Genoa  "  closed  the  entertainment : 

^tiiiiii  1 1 


F.  Watkins 
.  W.Taylor 
.    H.Jordan 

Count  Conrosie Duncan 

Desperetto E.  F.  Taylor 

Julietta Julia  Tumbull 

Max  Maretzek  began  a  season  of  opera  Aug.  30  with  "  La  Som- 
aanbula  " : 

Aaiaa Pepita  Gassier 

IJB Goldoni 

CotttRodotto Gassier 

Elvino Perring 

Teresa ATogadro 

The  conductors  were  Angelo  Torriani  and  Maretzek.  This  was 
the  first  appearance  in  America  of  Pepita  Gassier.  Sept.  3 
"Rigoletto"  was  sung,  with  the  first  appearance  in  New  York  of 
Sig.  SteflEani,  as  the  Duke.  Sig.  Garibaldi  also  made  his  New 
York  d^ut  singing  Sparafucile.  Adelaide  Phillips  appeared  as 
Magdalen.  Oct.  4  ''La  Traviata*'  was  sung,  and  was  the  first 
appearance  of  Sig.  Striglia.  The  annual  benefit  for  the  Roman 
Catholic  Orphan  Asylum  of  this  city  occurred  afternoon  and  even- 
iag  Oct.  14,  under  the  direction  of  John  Brougham.  The  pro- 
framme  was:  Matinee  —  "Swiss  Swains"  by  the  Wren  Juvenile 
oomedians,  followed  by  "A  Morning  Call,*'  in  which  Geo.  C. 
Boniface  and  Mme.  Ponisi  had  the  principal  rdles;  after  this  came 
i  musical  entertainment,   in  which   Mme.   Lovamey  sang,   Ed 



Mollenhauer  executed  a  violin  solo,  Wood's  Minstrels  appeared, 
and  James  E.  Dunn  sang,  the  bill  concluding  with  ''A  Conjugal 
Lesson,"  by  A.  W.  Young  and  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones.  In  the  evening, 
"A  Pretty  Piece  of  Business,"  introducing  Chas.  Walcot,  John 
Brougham,  Amelia  Parker,  Mrs.  H.  Bland,  and  Miss  Miller. 
This  was  followed  by  Herr  Cline  on  the  tight-rope;  duet  by 
Walter  Ralyea  and  Rosita  Goldoni;  "The  Old  Guard,"  with  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Mark  Smith  and  Mr.  Briggs  in  the  cast;  Mme.  Lovamev 
sang  "  Kathleen  Mavoumeen ; "  the  farce,  "  Sketches  in  India, ' 
by  Geo.  L.  Fox,  James  Lingard,  T.  S.  Cline,  John  Moore,  Bnic- 
ciani,  Mrs.  H.  Moore,  Fanny  Herring,  and  Mrs.  Seymour;  comic 
song  by  Little  Fred  Wren,  the  programme  concluding  with  "  The 
Irish  Tutor,"  by  J.  Seymour,  Bellamy,  White,  Mrs.  Seymour,  and 
Annie  White. 

B.  Ulmann  began  a  season  of  Italian  opera  Oct.  20,  with  the 
American  d^but  of  Piccolomini;  also  Sig.  Muzio,  musical  director. 
"La  Traviata"  was  the  initial  performance,  Piccolomini  making 
her  d^but  as  Violetta.  Se&orita  Soto,  danseuse,  appeared  in  the 
ballroom  scene.  The  Academy  was  crowded  to  suffocation,  and 
the  receipts  were  four  thousand  dollars.  Piccolomini  took  the 
house  by  storm;  she  was  petite^  not  absolutely  handsome,  but 
pretty,  had  a  pair  of  dancing  eyes,  a  charming  naivetl  of  manner, 
a  gp-eat  talent  for  dramatic  action  of  the  most  effective  character, 
and  a  pure  soprano  voice,  not  very  powerful,  but  sympathetic  and 
sweet  On  Oct.  27  Piccolomini  and  Karl  Formes  appeared  as 
Marie  and  Sergeant  Sulpizio,  in  "  The  Daughter  of  the  Regiment ;  *' 
Nov.  8,  "Don  Giovanni,"  with  Gazzaniga  as  Donna  Anna,  Mile. 
Ghioni  (her  first  appearance  in  America)  as  Donna  Elvira,  Piccolo- 
mini as  Zerlina,  and  Karl  Formes  as  Leporello.  Mme.  Laborde 
made  her  American  d^but  Nov.  13,  as  Norma,  Mile.  Ghioni  acting 
Adalgisa.  The  comic  opera,  "La  Serva  Padrona "  (" The  Domi- 
neering Housemaid  "),  with  Piccolomini  as  the  petulant  housemaid, 
was  sung  on  the  same  date.  "  Le  Nozze  di  Figaro  "  was  first  sung 
in  America  Nov.  23.  The  English  version  of  this  opera  was  given 
in  New  Orleans,  September  1836,  with  Charlotte  Cushman  as  the 
Countess.  This  opera  was  also  heard  about  the  same  time  at  the 
old  National  Theatre,  Leonard  and  Church  streets.  The  cast  on 
the  present  occasion  at  the  Academy  was : 

Susanna Piccolomini 

The  Countess  ....    Mme.  Ghioni 

Cherubun Mme.  Berkel 

Marcelline Mme.  Mora 

Don  Curzio     ....    Sig.  Baratini 

Figaro Herr  Formes 

The  Count      ....    Sig.  Florensa 

Bartolo Weinlich 

Don  Basilio Muller 


Gazzaniga  took  a  benefit  and   her  farewell   Nov.   26  and   27. 
Robert   le  Diable"  was  sung,  with  Laborde  and  Gazzaniga  as 



Inbella  and  Alice,  Nov.  26,  and  *"  II  Trovatore "  Nov.  27,  Piece* 
looiiiii  as  Leonora;  also  the  second  act  of  '^ La  Soronambula," 
Laborde's  first  appearance  as  Amina.  Mile.  Poinsot  made  her 
d£but  Dec.  3  as  Valentine  in  ''  The  Huguenots. "  The 
closed  Dec.  8. 

A  mammoth  series  of  entertainments  took  place  Dec.  18-21,  22, 
in  aid  of  the  Mount  Vernon  Association  for  the  Preservation  of 
Washington's  Home,  composed  of  dramatic  performances,  operatic 
concerts^  tableau  vivants,  a  ball,  and  concert  d  la  MusartL     Prob- 
ably one  of  the  greatest  dramatic  entertainments  ever  given  in  this 
cottotry  was  that  of  Dec    18,  when  the  attraction  was  ''Faint 
Heart  Never  Won  Fair  Lady":  Wayne  Olwine  as  Ruy  Gomes, 
John  Moore  as  Marquis  de  5anta  Cruz,  Ada  Clifton  as  Charles 
11,  Lawson  as  Pedro,  James  Ward  as  Guzman,  Fanny  Morant  as 
^  Duchess,  and  Mrs.  H.  Moore  as  the  Duenna,  followed  by 
"Medea":   Mrs.  J.  H.  Allen  as  Creusa,  Mrs.  H.  P.  Grattan  as 
liotbe,  J.  H.  Allen  as  Jason,  H.  Howard  as  Creen,  J.  J.  Prior  as 
Orpheus,  Viola  and  Adele  Plunkett  as  Lycaon  and  Melanthus. 
This  was  succeeded  by  a  musical  milangi,  in  which  Pauline  Col- 
urn*  Lucy  Escott,  Mme.  Caradori  and  Arthur  Napoleon  appeared. 
'The  Maid  With  the  Milking  Pail "  followed,  with  Agnes  Robert- 
too  as  Milly,  W.  Reynolds  as  Algernon,  Whiting  as  Lord  Phil- 
ader,  Sloan  as  Diccon.     "A  Morning  Call"  came  next,  and 
istroduced,  for  the  first  time  in  this  city  for  six  years,  Catharine 
Sinclair  Forrest,  as  Mrs.  Chillington.     Henry  Sedley  also  made 
kb  first  appearance  in  New  York,  acting  Sir  Ednard  Ardent 
Tben  came  John  Brougham's  burlesque  of    '*  Columbus,"  with 
idditiooal   lines  appropriate  to  the  occasion.     After  this  came 
Brougham's  ''A  Decided  Case": 

Opt  DmSktj   . 
rachril  . 
Hit.  St.  Lcger 

Lester  WaUack 

.     .     .    Le^ere 

Mrs.  RccTCS 

Stubbs John  Sloan 

Lady  Angela    .     .     .   Mrs.  John  Hoey 

The  Campbell  Minstrels  concluded  the  entertainment.  On  Tues- 
day, Dec  21,  the  second  dav  of  the  festival,  a  dress  ball  was 
{iven.  Mons.  Musard,  with  his  orchestra,  made  his  first  appear- 
loce  in  America  as  conductor  of  a  ball.  On  Wednesday,  Dec  22, 
the  third  and  last  day  of  the  festival,  a  concert  was  given  under 
the  direction  of  Mons.  Musard  and  Carl  Berg^ann. 

Ulmann  commenced  a  series  of  six  performances  of  Italian  opera 
Ju^  6,  1859,  when  "Martha*'  was  given  Jan.  7,  with  Brignoli, 
Laborde,  and  Formes  in  the  cast;  Jan.  8,  "Don  Giovanni,"  Picco- 
kmini  as  Zerlina,  Poinsot  as  Donna  Anna,  and  Ghioni  as  Elvira. 
"U  Zingara ••  (••  The  Bohemian  Girl")  Jan.  la  "  Martha"  and 
"La  Serva  Padrona"  (matinee),  and  evening,  concert  and  oratorio 
o(  "The  Creation."     A  version  of  "The  Bohemian  Girl "  was  first 



given  at  Her  Majesty's  Theatre,  London,  February,   1857.     The 
casts  in  London  and  at  the  Academy,  this  city,  were  as  follows : 


Arline Piccolomini 

Thaddeos Guielini 

Count  Amheim BeUetti 

Devilshoot Vialetti 

Gypsy  Queen Lannier 

Nkw  York,  1859. 
.  •  Piccolomini 
.  .  .  BrignoH 
.  •  •  Florenza 
.  .  .  Coletti 
.    .    .      Ghioni 

In  July  the  "  Gypsy  Queen  *  was  sung  by  Alboni.  The  opera  was 
originally  produced  at  Drury  Lane  Theatre,  London,  in  1843, 
when  Alfred  Bunn  was  the  manager.  Piccolomini  announced  her 
farewell  July  13, in  ''La  Traviata,"  when  Brignoli  and  Piccolomini 
appeared  for  the  first  time  together  in  this  opera.  The  season 
closed  Jan.  15,  but  Piccolomini  gave  a  performance  of  Norina  in 
"Don  Pasquale,"  matinee  Feb.  12,  stopping  over  in  New  York, 
en  route  for  another  city.  March  7  a  concert  was  given  for  the 
benefit  of  George  F.  Bristow.  J.  B.  Brown  took  a  benefit  March 
1 1,  when  he  recited  several  pieces  and  appeared  in  scenes,  assisted 
by  Victoria  Randolph,  her  first  appearance  in  public  Prof.  M. 
Colbum  and  a  lady  from  private  life,  Mrs.  Dr.  J.  J.  O'Brien,  gave 
gems  from  the  opera.     Geo.  F.  Bristow  presided  at  the  piano. 

Gazzaniga  reappeared  April  11,  as  Violetta  in  "La  Traviata.*' 
Mile.  Caroline  Alimo  made  her  American  d^but  April  22  as 

An  amateur  performance  was  given  April  28,  for  the  benefit  of 
the  American  Dramatic  Fund.  It  was  an  extraordinary  theatrical 
performance,  the  scheme  of  which  originated  with  John  Brougham. 

In  the  programme  was  a  new  play  by  Brougham  and  Goodrich, 
called  "The  Dark  Hour  Before  the  Dawn,"  cast  as  follows: 

Alfred  De  Sonneyille     C.  P.  Rosenberg 
Vicomte  De  Rosierre  •    .     T.  S.  Keese 

Laforce Alfred  Carroll 

Baron  De  Trop .    .    .     .  £.  M.  Curtis 

Cecile Miss  Elliott 

{oseph      .     .    .    .    J.  H.  Wainwright 
'apa  Chauve      ....  Jas.  Ca£Eerty 

There  were  also  in  the  cast  J.  A.  Page,  J.  Alstyn,  Marsh,  Dris- 
coll,  Remsen,  F.  Bellew,  Norton,  Browne,  and  Addison.  There 
were  operatic  selections,  and  a  recitation  by  W.  Taylor.  Mme. 
La  Comtesse  Ferussac  made  her  first  and  only  appearance  June  14, 
in  grand  opera,  for  the  benefit  of  the  Woman's  Hospital  Associa* 
tion.  ''  I  Puritani "  was  presented,  with  La  Comtesse  as  Elvira, 
Brignoli  as  Antonio,  Amodio  as  Riccardo,  Sig.  Junca  as  Greorgi, 
and  Barili  as  the  Gouvemeur.  One  of  the  greatest  drawbacks  to 
the  success  of  the  Academy  was  the  free  stockholder  seats.  One 
share  entitled  the  owner  to  one  seat,  and  those  who  owned  four 
shares  or  more  were  entitled  to  a  box.  For  thirty  years,  almost 
without  exception,  the  building  was  rented  only  upon  condition 


that  the  seats  and  boxes  owned  by  the  stockholders  should  belong 
to  them  for  every  performance.     During  the  years  from  1854  untn 
1861   the  rent  demanded  was  f  24,000  a  year,  to  which  must  be 
added  the  cost  of  losing  most  of  the  best  boxes  and  the  best  seats. 
The  next  operatic  season   opened  Sept.    10,    1859,   with  the 
nucleus  of  three  Italian  Opera  companies,  among  whom  were 
Mme    Gassier,    Mme.    Adelaide   Cortes,    Mme.    Strakosch,   Sig. 
Brignoli,  Sig.  Stefani,  Sig.  Amodio,  and  Sig.  Junca.    Max  Maretzek 
was  the  director,  and   B.  Ulmann  general  superintendent     ''II 
Poliuto,  or  The  Martyrs  '*  was  the  opening  opera,  with  Cortesi  and 
Brignoli  in  the  leading  rdles.     Mme.  Gassier  appeared  Sept.   14 
is  ''La  Somnambula;      Brignoli,  Elvino;  Amodio,  the  Count. 
"Norma"  was  sung  Sept.  15,  Adelaide  Cortesi  in  the  title  rdle. 
"Birber  of  Seville,    Sept  16^  with  Mme.  Gassier,  Rocco,  Amodio, 
ud  Brignoli  in  the  cast.     In  the  lesson  scene,  Mme.  Gassier  sang 
the  Venzane  Waltz,  also,  with  Sig.  Gassier,  a  Spanish  duet ;  "  Lucia 
di  Lammermoor,"  matinee.  Sept   17,  with  Gassier  in  title  rdle, 
Stdaai  as  Edgardo,  and  Sig.  Gassier  as  Ashton.     This  was  fol* 
lowed  by  the  second  act  of  "  Norma,*'  with  Cortesi,  Strakosch,  and 
Sufani  in  the  cast.     The  last  act  of  "II  Trovatore,"  with  Cortesi 
as  Leonora,  Brignoli  and  Amodio  in  the  cast,  clos^  the  perform- 
ttce    "11  Poliuto"  was  sung  Sept    19,   Brignoli,   Cortesi,  and 
AiBodio  in  the  principal  rdles.     "II  Trovatore,"  Sept  21,  with 
Cortesi  as  Leonora,  for  the  first  time  in  America;  "I  Puritani," 
Sept  22,  with  Mme.  Gassier  as  Elvira  (first  time  in  America), 
Bngnoli  as  Arturo,  Amodio  as  Riccardo;  "Traviata,**  Sept  23, 
Coitesi  as  Violetta;  Brignoli,  Alfredo;  Amodio,  Germont;  "Lucia 
di  Lammermoor, "  matinee.  Sept  24.     The  fourth  act  of  "II  Tro- 
ntore/'  the  fifth  act  "Barber  of  Seville/*  Mme.  and  Sig.  Gassier 
as  Rosina  and  Figaro,  the  duet  from  the  second  act  of  "  I  Puri- 
U&i,"  Amodio  as  Riccardo,  Sig.  Junca  as  Georgio.     Arthur  Napo- 
leon, pianist,  appeared,  for  the  first  time  in   this  house     One 
dollar  was  the  admission  fee  to  all  parts  of  the  house     "II  Tro- 
vxtore"  was  sung  Sept  26;  "Ernani,"  Sept.  28,  Mme.  Gassier  as 
Elvira,  Stefani  as  Ernani,  and  Amodio  as  Carlos.     "Don  Gio- 
nani/*  Sept  30,  Cortesi  as  Anna;  Mme.   Strakosch  as  Elvira; 
Brignoli,  Ottavio;  and  Sig.  Mueller,  Commandatore.     "Ernani** 
wu  sung  mating  Oct.  i,  also  third  act  of  "II  Poliuto,"  scenes 
fnNB  "The  Barber  of  Seville,"  and  a  concert  by  Mr.  Mills,  the 
pianist,  and  others. 

The  regular  operatic  season  opened  Oct  26,  1859,  with  "II 
Foliuto"  cast  thus:  Pauline,  Mme.  Gazzaniga;  Severus,  Amodio; 
Nearous,  Rubio;  Polyutus,  Brignoli;  Felix,  Shelo;  Calisthenes, 

"La  Traviata"  was  sung  with  Mile.  Speranza  as  Violetta;  Brig- 
aoli,  Alfredo;  Amodio,  Germont;  Oct  27,  "Rigoletto;"  Oct  28, 

40         A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D9» 

Mme.  Gazzaniga  sang  Pauline  in  ^'11  Poliuto;**  matinee,  Oct.  29^ 
also  the  first  act  of  ''  La  Traviata,"  with  Adelaide  Speranza  in  the 
chief  rdle,  and  the  fourth  act  of  ''  Rigoletto, "  with  Colson,  Ga^ 
zaniga,  and  Speranza,  and  Ferri  in  the  cast.  "  Maria  de  Rohan  '* 
was  sung  Oct.  31,  with  Gazzaniga  in  the  title  rdle  for  the  first  time 
in  America.  Sig.  Beaucarde,  tenor,  made  his  American  d^but  Nov. 
2»  as  Fernando  in  ''La  Favorita,'*  with  Gazzaniga  as  Leonora, 
Amodio  as  Alphonso.  "  Lucrezia  Borgia  "  was  sung  Nov.  4,  with 
Beaucarde  as  Genaro,  and  Gazzaniga  as  Lucrezia.  For  the 
matinee,  Nov.  5,  the  fourth  act  of  "  La  Favorita "  was  given  with 
Gazzaniga  as  Leonora.  The  operetta  ''Never  Judge  by  Appear- 
ances*' was  given  Nov.  6,  when  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Henry  Dayton 
appeared,  also  "  Rigoletto. "  "  Sicilian  Vespers  "  was  sung  Nov.  7, 
for  the  first  time  in  America;  Elena,  Mme.  Colson;  Governor, 
Ferri;  Arrigo,  Brignoli;  Frocida,  Junca. 

Mme.  Albertine  made  her  American  d6but  Nov.  17,  as  Leonora 
in  "II  Trovatore,"  with  Beaucarde  as  Manrico.  For  the  matinee, 
Nov.  19,  Albertine,  Colson,  and  Gazzaniga,  the  three  prime  donne^ 
appeared  in  "Sicilian  Vespers,"  and  the  fourth  act  of  "La  Tra- 
viata"  was  given.  "The  Magic  Flute,"  first  heard  in  America 
Nov.  21,  with  Queen  of  the  Night,  Mme.  Colson;  Papagena,  Mme. 
Strakosch;  Pamina,  Gazzaniga.  On  Thanksgiving  matinee,  Nov. 
24,  Mme.  Anna  Bishop  was  heard  in  "Tancredi,"  and  also  sang 
Casta  Diva  from  "Norma."  Mme.  Albertine  appeared  as  Leonora 
in  "II  Trovatore."  Adelina  Patti  sang  Lucia  in  "Lucia  di  Lam* 
mermoor,"  with  Brignoli  as  Edgardo;  Patti  also  sang  Lucia  at 
matinee,  Nov.  26,  Amina  in  "La  Somnambula,"  Dec.  i.  "The 
Huguenots"  was  sung  Dec.  2,  and  the  season  closed  Dec  3, 
with  Patti  as  Amina  in  "La  Somnambula."  The  house  reopened 
Dec.  21,  with  "Lucia  di  Lammermoor,"  and  "Ernani,"  Dec.  26; 
Adelina  Patti  sang  Zerlina,  Dec  27,  in  "Don  Giovanni,"  and  for 
her  farewell  benefit,  Dec.  29,  was  beard  in  "La  Somnambula;"  the 
first  act  of  "  La  Favorita "  was  also  sung,  and  the  second  act  of 
"  Lucrezia  Borgia, "  with  Susini  as  the  Duke,  Gazzaniga  as  Lucrezia 
Borgia.  The  season  closed  Dec.  30  with  "Don  Giovanni,"  Gaz- 
zaniga as  Donna  Anna  and  Patti  as  Zerlina. 

Adelina  Patti  was  bom  at  Madrid,  Spain,  on  Feb.  19,  1843. 
The  certificate  of  her  baptism  has  been  discovered,  and  has  bem 
published  by  the  Spanish  papers.  It  is  dated  April  8,  1843,  and 
certifies  that  on  that  day  Don  Jose  Losada,  vicar  of  the  Parish  of 
Saint  Louis,  Madrid,  baptized  a  child  bom  in  Fuencarral  Street, 
in  the  same  city,  daughter  of  Salvator  Patti,  professor  of  music,  a 
native  of  Catania,  in  Sicily,  and  of  Caterina  Patti,  hie  Chiesa, 
a  native  of  Rome.  The  child's  godparents  gave  her  the  name  of 
Adele  Jeanne  Marie.  The  family  settled  in  New  York  when 
Adelina  was  about  a  year  old,  which  gave  rise  to  the  belief  that 


is  a  native  of  this  city.  The  father  of  Patti,  Salvator  Patti, 
a  tenor  of  repute  in  Italy.  Probably  Patti  has  received  a 
salary  than  any  living  person.  She  was  engaged  for  a  tour 
of  eight  months  in  America,  commencing  in  September,  1871,  and 
was  to  sing  either  at  concerts,  in  opera,  or  in  oratorio  one  hundred 
tt»es»  receiving  for  each  performance  ^400,  or  ^40,000  for  eight 
montht,  exclusive  of  all  the  travelling  expenses  of  her  husband 
and  suite,  to  be  paid  by  Strakosch,  who  was  to  deposit  with  the 
Rodisdiilds  in  Paris  ^20,000  as  a  guarantee. 

Nilaaon  received  f  1,000  a  night  in  England,  and  when  she  came 
tt>  America  this  was  increased  to  fi,50oanight  Mile.  Tietjens 
(in  America  in  1875)  ^^  $800  a  night  guaranteed  her,  besides  half 
the  receipts  over  a  certain  sum.  Mme.  Patti,  during  her  last  visit 
to  this  country,  was  paid  f  5,000  a  night,  payable  in  advance  at  noon 
00  the  dav  she  sang. 

''Il  Poiiuto"  was  sung  Sept.  5,  i860,  with  Cortesi  as  Paolina, 
Musiani  as  Polyutus,  and  Amodio  as  Severus. 

"Lucia"  was  given  Sept  6,  with  Patti  and  Musiani;  "II  Tro- 
vatore,**  Sept.  7,  with  Cortesi,  Mme.  Strakosch,  Musiani,  and 
Amodio,  and  at  a  matinee  on  Sept.  8,  "La  Somnambula'*  was  re- 

Etcd.  "II  Barbiere"  was  sung  Sept  10,  with  Patti  as  Rosina, 
gnoli  as  Count  Almaviva,  E.  Barili  as  Figaro,  Susini  as  Dr. 
Bartolo,  and  Mme.  Fischer  as  Bertha;  "II  Trovatore,**  Sept  11; 
■I  Puritami,"  Sept  12,  with  Patti  as  Elvira;  Brignoli,  Arturo; 
Amodio,  Riccardo;  and  Susini,  Georgio.  Owing  to  a  difficulty 
with  Cortesi,  she  did  not  appear  Sept  13,  in  "La  Traviata,'*  but 
withdrew,  and,  organizing  a  Cortesi  company,  appeared  at  Niblo's 
Garden.  "Martha"  was  sung  Sept.  14;  "Norma,"  Sept  15,  with 
PStfodi  taking  Cortesi's  position.  Mme.  Inez  Fabbri  appeared 
Sept  17,  in  "Lucrezia  Borgia;"  "Sicilian  Vespers"  was  heard 
Sept  19,  with  Pauline  Colson  (first  appearance)  as  Princess  Elena, 
Sig.  Stigelli  (first  appearance)  as  Arrigo,  Sig.  Ferri  as  Governor, 
and  M.  Genebrel  (first  appearance)  as  John  of  Procida.  Barili  died 
ifi  Philadelphia,  1885. 

R  Ulmann  opened  a  season  Oct.  24,  when  Karl  Formes  reap- 
peared as  Bertram  in  "  Robert  le  Diable,"  with  Fabbri  as  Alice,  and 
Stigelli  as  Robert.  "Martha"  was  sung  Oct  26,  with  Fabbri  as 
Lady  Henrietta,  and  Mme.  Martini  D*Ormy  as  Nancy.  "Les 
Huguenots  "  was  heard  Oct.  29,  by  Mme.  Fabbri,  Mme.  Maretzek, 
Mme.  Fanny  Natalie,  and  Signors  Stigelli,  Formes,  Abelli,  and 
Weinlich.  Karl  Formes  sang  Caspar  in  "Der  Freischiitz,"  Oct. 
31.  The  season  closed  Nov.  i,  with  "  Martha. "  Another  season 
commenced  Nov.  26,  with  Sig.  Stefani,  tenor,  Sig.  Florenza,  and 
lime.  Anna  Bishop  added  to  the  troupe.  "  La  Juive"  was  given. 
Fabbri  was  La  Juive,  Mme.  Anna  Bishop  the  princess  Eudaxia, 
Sif.  Stigellit  Eleazar,  and  Herr  Formes  the  Cardinal.     It  was 

42        A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Da6i 

repeated  Nov.  28  and  30,  Dec  i  and  3,  and  was  announced  for  the 
Tthy  but  on  the  latter  day  Mr.  Ulmann  published  a  card,  announc- 
ing that,  through  want  of  public  support,  he  was  compelled  to  give 
up  the  management.  Mme.  Fabbri,  Sig.  Stigelli,  and  Herr  Formes 
appeared  Dec.  7  in  "Masaniello,"  followed  by  "Stradella,"  Dec,  8, 
and  "The  Child  of  the  Regiment,"  Dec  12,  when  the  theatre  was 
closed.  For  the  benefit  of  Karl  Formes,  Jan.  i,  1861,  "Martha" 
was  sung,  with  Bertha  Johannsen  (first  time  in  four  years)  as  Liady 
Henrietta;  Jan.  11,  "La  Juive  "  was  heard  for  Stigelli's  benefit. 

Another  season  of  Italian  opera  began  Jan.  21,  under  the  man- 
agement of  the  Associated  Artists.  Muzio  was  the  conductor, 
Jacob  Grau,  director,  and  D.  de  Vivo,  manager.  The  company 
included  Pauline  Colson,  Isabella  Hinckley,  Mile.  Elena,  a  d6bu 
tante,  Adelaide  Phillips,  and  Signori  Brignoli,  Ferri,  Susini, 
Stefani,  Ippolito,  and  Coletti.  Their  first  production  was  "II 
Giuramento. " 

Elgira Pauline  Colson  I  Bianca     ....      Adelaide  Phillips 

Viscardo Signer  Brignoli  |  Manfredi Signor 

Miss  Hinckley  made  her  d^but  Jan.  23,  in  "Lucia."  Miss 
Hinckley  was  married  to  Sig.  Susini,  and  gave  birth  to  a  daughter 
June  2,  1862.  Her  confinement,  however,  was  followed  by  puer- 
peral fever,  which,  turning  to  typhoid,  terminated  fatally  July  6, 
1862.  This  lady  sang  twice  at  Court  at  The  Hague,  and  received 
a  most  flattering  mark  of  attention  from  Her  Majesty  the  Queen  of 
Holland,  who  took  her  by  the  hand,  complimented  her  highly  upon 
her  voice,  and  shortly  after  presented  her  with  a  handsome  bracelet. 
"  II  Trovatore  "  was  given  Jan.  29,  with  Miss  Hinckley  as  Leonora 
and  Miss  Phillips  as  Azucena.  Jan.  31,  Signorina  Elena  made 
her  d^but  as  Lucrezia  Borgia.  Feb.  2,  the  Philharmonic  Society 
gave  another  concert.  "II  Barbiere"  was  sung  Feb.  4,  and 
"Martha,"  Feb.  6.  Feb.  11,  Verdi's  opera,  "Un  Ballo  in  Mas- 
chera  "  was  given  for  the  first  time  in  America,  and  with  this  cast : 

Amelia Pauline  Colson 

Oscar Isabella  Hinckley 

Ulrica      ....     Adelaide  Phillips 

Riccardo Signor  Brignoli 

Renarto Signor  Ferri 

It  was  repeated  Feb.  13,  16,  18,  20,  when  President-elect  Lin- 
coln attended,  and  Feb.  22  and  25.  Clara  Louise  Kellogg  made 
her  public  operatic  d6but  in  New  York,  Feb.  27,  as  Gilda  in 
"Rigoletto."  "Don  Giovanni"  was  sung  March  i.  Miss  Kel- 
logg again  appeared  as  Gilda,  March  2 ;  "  Un  Ballo  "  was  repeated 
March  4-8;  "II  Poliuto,"  March  8.  Miss  Kellogg  first  essayed 
the  rdle  of  Linda  in  "Linda  di  Chamounix,"  matinee,  March  9. 
This  closed  the  season.     "  Un  Ballo  in  Maschera "  had  a  greater 



than  any  opera  since  ''  II  Trovatore. "  While  in  the  height 
of  its  popularity  it  was  withdrawn  in  order  to  permit  Miss  Kellogg 
to  make  her  d^but  in  "Rigoletto/'  Stigelli  making  his  rentr^e  in 
the  tenor  part. 

Clara  Louise  Kellogg  began  her  professional  career  as  a  concert 
ttogv*  ^^  soon  acquired  the  highest  position  in  opera  and  in 
oratoria  As  a  singer  she  did  not  astonish  you  —  she  delighted 
yoo.  She  was  so  natural,  so  sympathetic  in  voice  and  manner,  so 
nearly  faultless  in  method,  and  exquisitely  happy  in  imparting  the 
sentiment  of  a  song,  or  in  illustrating  the  dramatic  purport  of  a 

The  thirteenth  annual  benefit  of  the  American  Dramatic  Fund 
took  place  March  21,  when  "Macbeth'*  was  acted  with  this  phe- 
nomenal cast: 

Macbcdi Edwin  Booth 

Macduff Charles  Fisher 

C.  Kemble  Mason 
.  .  .  O.  B.  Collins 
.  .  .  A.  W.  Fenno 
.  .  .  .  T.  Wemyss 
.    .     T.  Hamblin,  Jr. 



.     .     .    .      Bndgman 
....      Mr.  Wine 

H*  Daly 
Fnt  Mvdcrer  .     .     J.  C  Williamson 

Second  Murderer Cook 

Bleeding  Soldier  .  .  F.  L.  Rodgers 
First  Apparition     .    .    Mr.  Thompson 

Donalbain Miss  Cook 

Fleance Miss  Dous^ 

Hecate George  Rea 

Lady  Macbeth  .  .  Charlotte  Cushman 
First  Singing^  Witch  Mme.  Anna  Bishop 
Second  Singmg  Witch  .  Mrs.  Reeves 
Gentlewoman  .  .  .  .Mrs.  France 
First  Witch  ....  Harry  Pearson 
Second  Witch  ....  Jonn  Sefton 
Third  Witch  .     .     .  James  W.  Ungard 

After  the  tragedy  Mme.  Anna  Bishop  sang  *'  The  Flag  of  Our 
Union/'  words  by  Gen.  G.  P.  Morris.  L.  J.  Vincent  was  stage 
oanager.  The  receipts  were  ^2,040,  and  netted  to  the  Fund  about 
11,700,  — the  largest  benefit  the  Fund  had  ever  received. 

The  Associated  Operatic  Artists  returned  April  8,  for  one  week. 
"Moses  in  Egypt'*  was  sung  April  14,  with  Hinckley,  Phillips, 
Stigelli,  Ferri,  and  Susini  in  the  cast  Mme.  Anna  Bishop  took 
a  benefit  April  19,  when  "  The  Bohemian  Girl "  was  given.  Mons. 
ind  Mme.  Blondin  appeared,  for  the  last  time  in  America,  April 
20,  Philharmonic  concert;  Thursday,  April  25,  benefit  of  Harry 
Pearson,  prior  to  his  departure  for  the  war,  when  "  Henry  IV.  ' 
was  played  by  Messrs.  Conway,  Harkins,  Hall,  Chester,  Martin, 
Andrews,  and  Pearson,  and  the  Misses  Beck,  Taylor,  Ellis,  Gold- 
tag.  and  Le  Brun.  May  17,  Military  Festival  of  the  First  German 
Rifle  Regiment;  May  25,  benefit  of  the  Regiment  Fund  of  the 
U.  S  Guard;  July  4,  dramatic  entertainments  by  Mr.  and  Mrs. 
Barney  Williams,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  W.  J.  Florence,  and  a  host  of  as- 
sistants. This  was  the  first  time  the  Florences  and  the  Williamses 
appeared  together.  The  bill  was  "Customs  of  the  Country,"  "The 
Tiger/'  and  "Irish  Lion."     Owen  S.  Fawcett  made  his  first 


appearance  in  New  York,  on  this  occasion  as  Mr.  Wadd,  in  * 
Irish  Lion." 

B.  Ulmann  assumed  the  management  of  this  house  Sept 
1861,  when  Professor  Herrmann,  the  prestidigitateur,   madt 
American  d^but     Theo.   Thomas'  Italian  Opera  Orchestra 
also  engaged.     ''Un  Ballo  in  Maschera"  was  given  Oct   i 
and  matinee,  Oct.  26,  with  Miss  Kellogg,  Miss  Hinckley,  ] 
Strakosch,  and  Signori  Brignoli,  Mancusi,  Dubreuil,  and  £ 
in  the  cast,  and  Signor  Muzio  as  director ;  Oct.  28,  the  opera, 
Noces  de  Jeannette"  (Jeannette's  Marriage)  was  sung  for  the 
time  in  New  York;  also  Donizetti's  opera,  "Betly."    The 
cipal  characters  in  ''Betly"  were  sustained  by  Miss  Hinckle 
Signori  Brignoli  and  Susini.    "  Les  Noces  de  Jeannette  "  was 
in  French,  Miss  Kellogg  enacting  the  rdle  of  the  heroine, 
ported  by  Dubreuil,  Elena,  and  Mazzini.     Oct.  31,  a  grand 
concert  was  given  by  the  Mesdames  Johannsen  and  Von  B 
Messrs.  Quint,  Linsheim,  Mueller,  and  Weinlich,  and  the  mei 
of  the  Harmonic  Society.     Nov.  i,  a  concert  was  given  by  Ca 
Patti,  Madame  Strakosch,  Signori  Macaferri,  Barili,  Adam 
hay,  and  Theodore  Thomas,  in  aid  of  the  families  of  the  voluc 
Dec.   7,  the  Twenty-second  Regiment  band  concert  took 
with  Madame  Johannsen,  Madame  Vollandt,  S.  C.  Camplx 
R.  Thomas,  Carl  Berghman,  Robert  Goldbeck,  and  Messrs. 
Dietz,  Gewait,  and  Deusch  as  the  additional  artists. 

Geo.  L.  Fox  and  James  W.  Lingard  leased  this  hous 
opened  Dec.  9,  with  William  Hanlon  in  his  aerial  act,  er 
''Zampillaerostation,"  also  a  pantomime  troupe.  A  short  2 
of  Italian  opera  was  opened  Jan.  15,  1862,  under  the  manag 
of  Jacob  Grau.  The  company  was  made  up  as  follows: 
Kellogg,  Miss  Hinckley,  Madame  Strakosch,  Signori  Bri 
Manchesi,  and  Barili.  The  operas  given  were  as  follow :  Ja 
"La  Traviata;"  Jan.  17,  "Un  Ballo  in  Maschera."  Max  1 
zek,  having  returned  from  Havana,  joined  forces  with  Mr. 
and  a  two  weeks'  season  commenced  under  their  joint  m; 
ment,  Jan.  29,  with  Miss  Kellogg,  Madame  Strakosch,  and 
noli,  Susini,  and  Barili  in  "Martha."  Jan.  31,  "II  Trova 
Feb.  3,  was  the  d^but  of  Signor  Ippolita  as  Germont,  ii 
Traviata;"  Feb.  5,  "Un  Ballo  in  Maschera;"  Feb.  7,  "  Lii 
Chamounix;"  Feb.  10,  "La  Somnambula;"  Feb.  15,  rrn 
"Maltha;"  Feb.  21,  military  festival  of  the  Regiment  des  E 
Perdu;  Feb.  24,  Prof.  Adrien,  the  magician;  Feb.  28,  Kelh 

Lucia,"  and  L.   M.  Gottschalk,  the  pianist;  matinee,  Fc 

Betly  "  and  Gottschalk. 

Mr.  Grau  commenced  another  season  March  19,  with"  Un 
in  Maschera;"  March  20,  "Masaniello,"  with  Isabella  Hi: 
as  Elvira,  Isabella  Cubas  as  Fenella,  Susini  as  Pietro,  Brigi 

!«•]  THE  ACADEMY  OF  MUSIC  45 

Masaniello,  and  Barili  as  Bonello;  March  21,  ''Martha;'*  March 
22  (matinee)  and  March  24,  ''Masaniello;"  March  26,  Mme.  de 
Lossan  made  her  d6but  in  ''La  Favorita".  Her  voice  was  a 
pure  soprano,  reaching  from  G  to  C  in  alt.  March  28,  Mme. 
Elena  d'Angri  appeared  as  Rosina,  in  "II  Barbiere;"  March  29, 
''Linda;"  April  10,  the  Academy  was  given  up  to  a  reception  to 
the  officers  of  the  frigates  Cumberland  and  Congress,  and  on  the 
three  first  nights  of  the  following  week  the  Brothers  Lubin  ap- 
peued  in  magical  s^nces. 

Grau  returned  with  his  company  April  21.  Sig.  Tombesi  (tenor) 
UDg  the  Duke  in  "Rigoletto."  Kellogg  was  Gilda;  D'Angri, 
Ifa^lalen;  Barili,  Sparafucile;  and  Ferri,  Rigoletto;  April  23, 
"La  Figlia  del  Reggimento,"  with  Kellogg  as  Marie;  April  25, 
D' Angri  as  Leonora  in  "  La  Favorita.  *' 

Billy  Birch  and  Ben  Cotton's  minstrels  took  a  benefit  here  May 
13.  Emilie  J.  Boughton,  a  society  lady,  made  her  d^but  May  22, 
ai  Violetta,  in  "La  Traviata." 

Mme.  Comte  commenced  a  new  opera  season  June  11,  at  popular 
prices,  singing  "  Lucrezia  Borgia."  Ulmann  had  a  benefit  June  18, 
when  the  season  closed. 

Mme.  Herrmann  made  her  d^ut  as  a  pianist  Oct.  23,  on  which 
occasion  Carlotta  Patti  made  her  first  appearance  at  this  house. 
William  Fleming,  formerly  manager  of  the  Winter  Garden,  took 
a  benefit  here  Sept.  8,  1862.  The  programme  consisted  of  "The 
Soldier's  Return,"  "The  Maid  of  Croissy,"  "A  Conjugal  Lesson," 
"A  Rough  Diamond,"  and  a  concert.  Among  those  participating 
wcrcW.  M.  Fleming,  John  T.  Raymond,  Harry  Pearson,  J.  R. 
Thomas,  Miranda,  Willie  Pape,  Dr.  C.  W.  Beames,  Ada  Clifton, 
E?e]yn  Lyon,  Mrs.  L.  Hill,  George  Christy's  minstrels.  Mile. 
Aonetta  Galetti,  and  a  ballet  company.  On  Sept  22,  James  M. 
Niion  took  this  house  for  the  purpose  of  introducing  Carlotta 
Kitti  in  opera.  She  appeared  as  Amina,  in  "  La  Somnambula, " 
supported  by  Sig.  Sbriglia  as  Elvino,  Susini  as  the  Count,  and 
Fanny  Stockton  as  Lisa,  the  other  parts  being  sustained  by 
Messrs.  Mancusi  and  Ximenes,  and  Mme.  Arogardo.  Sept.  24,  "  La 
Somnambula"  was  repeated;  "Lucia,"  with  Carlotta  Patti  in  the 
title  r61e,  and  Brignoli  as  Edgardo ;  "  Lucia  "  was  repeated  at  the 
lutiD^e,  Sept.  27,  when  Isabel  Cubas  and  Ximenes  appeared  in 
ballet.  P^ti's  last  appearance  was  in  the  opera  of  "I  Puritani," 
Oct  3. 

Jacob  Grau  commenced  a  season  of  Italian  opera  Nov.  10,  1862, 
introducing  Mile.  Genevra  Guerrabella  as  Violetta,  in  "La  Tra- 
fiata,"  supported  by  Sig.  Amodio  and  Barili.  This  lady's  right 
name  is  Genevieve  Ward.  She  is  the  daughter  of  Samuel  Ward 
of  this  city.  In  1858  she  went  to  Paris,  where  she  made  her  first 
appearance  on  the  stage,  in  April,  1859,  ^^  Elvira,  in  the  opera  of 



''Don  Giovanni."  She  married  a  Russian  count,  who  soon  grew 
weary  of  his  wedded  bliss  and  abandoned  her;  but,  on  her  appeal 
to  the  Czar,  the  marriage  was  legalized,  and  the  faithless  husband 
was  banished  to  Siberia.  In  1862  she  returned  to  America  and 
travelled  as  a  dramatic  star.  She  made  her  d^but  at  Booth's 
Theatre,  in  the  fall  of  1878,  and  played  a  successful  engagement 
under  Jarrett  &  Palmer's  management. 

Mme.  Lorini,  daughter  of  David  Whiting,  reappeared  Nov.  14-17 
in  the  title  rdle  of  "Norma,"  Mile.  Morensi  as  Adelgisa,  Sig. 
Macaferri  as  Pollione,  Susini  as  Oroveso.  "La  Traviata,"  an  act 
of  "  Norma,"  and  "  The  Star  Spangled  Banner  "  were  sung  matinee, 
Nov.  22.  There  were  present  Mrs.  President  Lincoln  and  Mrs. 
McClellan.  "Dinorah"  had  its  first  performance  in  this  city, 
Nov.  24. 

Dinorah  (first  appearance)  Mile.  Cordier 

Corenti Sienor  Brignoli 

Hunter Signer  Susini 

Heel  .... 
First  Goatherd  . 
Second  Goatherd 

.   Sienor  Amodio 

Mile.  Morensi 

.  Fanny  Stockton 

"Dinorah"  was  repeated  Nov.  26  and  28,  Dec,  i,  6,  and  8;  Nov. 
27,  "Lucrezia  Borgia;"  Dec.  3-5,  "La  Favorita;"  Dec-  9, 
"Norma;"  Dec.  10  and  14,  "Un  Ballo  in  Maschera;"  Dec  12, 
"Emani,"  fourth  act  of  "La  Favorita,"  and  shadow  song  from 
"Dinorah."  The  season  closed  on  Dec.  15,  with  "I  Puritani." 
Dec.  4,  16,  18,  Mason  Jones,  an  English  lecturer,  occupied  the 
Academy.  Dec.  22,  a  benefit  was  given  to  the  child  pianist,  Teresa 
Carreno,  when  Madame  d'Angri,  W.  Castle,  S.  C.  Campbell, 
Theodore  Thomas,  Signor  Abilla,  and  Mr.  Eben  assisted. 

After  having  been  redecorated  and  improved  this  house  was  re- 
opened Sept  12,  1864,  by  Leonard  Grover,  for  a  season  of  German 
opera.  The  company  was  a  strong  one,  numbering  in  all  no  fewer 
than  one  hundred  persons,  many  of  the  principals  being  artists  of 
eminence.  Carl  Anschutz  was  the  conductor,  and  among  the 
singers  were  Mme.  Marie  Frederici-Himmer,  Mile.  Marie  Hollman 
from  the  Royal  Opera  House,  Berlin,  Mme.  Bertha  Johannsen, 
Mile.  Sophie  Dziuba,  Mile.  Pauline  Canissa,  and  Mmes.  Ernest 
La  Roche  and  Pauline  Berger;  Herr  Franz  Himmer,  Theo. 
Habelmann,  Amot  Quinta,  Isidore  Lehman,  from  the  Royal 
Opera  House,  Berlin;  Heinrich  Steinecke,  Joseph  Herrmann, 
Joseph  Kreutzer,  Anton  Graff,  Edouard  Haimer,  Zinsheim,  Otto 
Lehman,  and  Alphonse  Urchs,  with  Adoph  Neuendorff  as  chorus 
master.  The  opening  opera  was  "Faust,"  given  thus:  Faust, 
Signor  Tomaro;  Mephisto,  Herr  Herrmann;  Valentine,  Herr 
Steinecke;  Wagner,  Herr  GrafiF;  Marguerite,  Mme.  Frederici- 
Himmer;  Siebel,  Mme.  Bertha  Johannsen.  Signor  Tomaro  was 
called  upon  at  short  notice  to  take  the  place  of  Herr  Himmer,  who 
was  announced  to  appear  as  Faust,  but  who  was  suddenly  attacked 


with  a  tevere  illness.  Sept  14,  ''Martha"  was  sung  by  Mmes. 
Johannim  and  Frederici-Himmer,  and  Herren  Habelmann,  Stein- 
cckc,  Gra£F,  and  Otto  Lehman.  Sept.  16,  "Der  Freischiitz"  was 
fhpen,  with  Joseph  Weinlich  as  Caspar;  and  "  Faust "  was  repeated 
It  a  matinee.  Sept  17,  with  the  same  gentleman  as  Mephista 
Sept  19^  Karl  Formes  made  his  first  appearance  in  opera  in  this 
city  in  six  years.  The  opera  was  ''Robert  le  Diable,"  and  the 
cast  was  a  notable  one: 

Alice  ....  Mme.  Johanna  Rotter 
Isabella  .  .  Mme.  Bertha  Jobannsen 
Elena  (first  appearance  in  New  York) 

Theresa  Wood 

Karl  Formes 

Eobcrt Herr  Himmer 

f  ihahiMi    ....  Herr  Habelmann 
Aftcrti HerrHaimer 

''Faust"  was  repeated  Sept  21;  ''Martha"  was  sung  Sept.  22, 
with  Herr  Formes  as  Plunkett.  Sept.  23,  Halevey's  ''  La  juive  " 
beard,  and  at  a  matinee  the  following  day,  **  Robert  le  Diable  " 
repeated.  ^  La  Juive  '*  was  again  given  Sept.  26.  On  the  last 
night  of  the  season,  Sept.  27,  Mile.  Sophie  Dziuba  made  her 
American  d^ut  as  Zerlina,  in  ''Don  Juan,"  and  Isidore  Lehman 
also  appeared,  for  the  first  time  in  this  country,  as  Don  Juan. 
Presentation  concerts  were  given  Sept.  28,  29,  and  30,  under  the 
tospices  of  the  Jewellers'  Association,  the  artists  being  William 
Castle  and  S.  C  Campbell,  Signor  Abella,  Madame  d'Angri, 
Fanny  Stockton,  and  an  orchestra  under  John  P.  Cook. 

Karl  Formes  died  at  San  Francisco,  of  pneumonia,  Dec  15, 
itfy  His  full  name  was  Charles  John  Formes,  and  he  was  bom 
it  Muhlheim,  Germany,  Aug.  7,  i8ia  He  received  his  early 
musical  education  in  Cologne  and  Vienna,  and  sang  in  churcn 
dkoirs  until  1841,  when  he  attracted  attention  in  Cologne  as  a 
ooBcert  singer.  Soon  afterwards  he  appeared  in  opera.  In  1843 
be  became  a  member  of  the  Mannheim  Theatre  company,  and  in 
1S44  he  joined  the  opera  in  Vienna.  Unguarded  expressions  of 
sympathy  with  revolutionary  movements  caused  his  sudden  retire- 
ment^ and  in  1849,  ^ter  an  engagement  in  Hamburg,  he  formed 
the  German  Opera  company,  at  the  Dniry  Lane  Theatre,  London. 
In  1850  he  became  a  member  of  the  Italian  Opera  company  at 
Covent  Garden,  and  in  the  same  year  he  sang  in  the  Philhar- 
monic concerts.  His  last  appearance  on  the  stage  was  on  Dec.  12 
(three  days  prior  to  his  death),  in  "The  Barber  of  Seville,"  at  San 
Francisco,  where  he  had  resided  for  fifteen  years,  teaching  vocal 

Max  Maretzek's  new  Italian  Opera  company  commenced  a  season 
Oct.  3,  1864.  The  following  were  the  artists:  Carlotti  Carozzi- 
Zocchi,  Elvira  Brambilla,  Laura  Harris,  Jenny  Van  Zandt  (her 
6nt  appearance  in  opera),  Signora  C.  Morensi,  Mile.  Freda  di 
Gebel,  Adeline  Motte  (first  appearance  in  opera),  Fanny  Stockton, 





Bernardo  Massimilliani,  Guglielmo  Lotti,  J.  Reichardt,  Fernando 
Bellini,  Francisco  Pierrini,  Susini,  Amati  Dubreuil,  Joseph  Wein* 
lich,  and  W.  Mullen  The  opening  opera  was  "II  Trovatore,"  in 
which  Carozzi-Zucchi  made  her  first  appearance  in  America  as 
Leonora.  Massimilliani  made  his  first  bow  to  an  American  audi- 
ence in  the  part  of  Manrico.  Oct.  4,  Signora  Elvira  Brambilla 
made  her  first  appearance  in  America  as  Violetta  in  "  La  Traviata 
Mile.  Ernestine  appeared  in  the  ballet  incidental  to  "  La  Traviata. 
"  Lucrezia  Borgia "  was  given  Oct.  5,  when  Susini  reappeared  as 
Alfonso.  A  jewellers'  presentation  concert  was  given  Oct.  6, 
Master  Richard  Croker,  of  Trinity  Choir,  appeared,  and  the  Maret- 
zek  company  gave  "Lucia  di  Lammermoor,"  Laura  Harris  as 
prima  donna.  "II  Trovatore"  was  repeated  Oct.  10,  and  Oct.  12 
Mile.  Frederica  di  Gebel  made  her  d^but  as  Ulrica  in  "  Un  Ballo 
in  Maschera;"  Oct.  14,  "Lucrezia  Borgia;"  Oct.  18,  matinee,  "La 
Traviata;"  evening,  Jewellers'  Association  concert.  Oct.  17-19- 
26,  Clara  Louise  Kellogg  reappeared  as  Marguerita  in  "Faust" 
"tin  Ballo"  was  again  given  Oct.  18,  and  on  Oct  20  representa- 
tives from  the  various  places  of  amusement  in  town  gave  a  benefit 
to  the  Roman  Catholic  Orphan  Asylum.  Oct  21,  "II  Poliuto;" 
Oct.  22,  jewellers'  presentation  concert;  Oct.  24,  "Martha,"  with 
Kellogg  and  Morensi;  Oct  25  and  28,  "II  Poliuto;"  Oct  31,  "II 
Trovatore."     Nov.  2,  "Don  Giovanni"  with  this  cast: 

Donna  Anna Zucchi 

Donna  Elvira Kellogg 

Zerlina Morensi 

Don  Ottavio Lotti 

Don  Giovanni Bellini 

Leporello Susini 

Commendatore     ....      Weinlich 
Massetto Dabrenil 

Nov.  4,  Jenny  Van  2^ndt  made  her  operatic  d^but  as  Gilda  in 
"Rigoletto."     Maretzek  closed  the  season  Nov.  5. 

John  B.  Gough,  the  temperance  lecturer,  appeared  here  Nov. 
10,  followed  by  Maretzek,  who  commenced  another  season  Nov.  14, 
with  "II  Poliuto;"  Nov.  15,  "Linda  di  Chamounix;"  Nov.  16. 
"Lucrezia  Borgia;"  Nov.  17,  James  W.  Lingard  of  the  New 
Bowery  Theatre  took  a  benefit,  when  "  The  Wept  of  the  Wish-ton- 
Wish,"  "Sketches  in  India,"  and  Bryant's  Minstrels  formed  the 
programme;  Nov.  18-21,  "Don  Giovanni;"  Nov.  22,  "Rigoletto;" 
Nov.  23,  "Martha."  Thanksgiving  night,  Nov.  24,  a  dramatic 
performance,  consisting  of  "All  That  Glitters  is  not  Gold"  — 
Lawrence  P.  Barrett  (his  first  appearance  in  fifteen  months)  as 
Stephen  Plum,  Thos.  E.  Morris  as  Jasper  Plum,  W.  R.  Floyd  as 
Toby  Twinkle,  J.  S.  Wright,  J.  Whiting,  J.  C.  Williamson, 
Madelaine  Henriques,  Mrs.  W.  R.  Floyd,  and  Mrs.  France  in  the 
cast  —  and  "  Handy  Andy  "  were  acted ;  Nov.  25,  Maretzek*s  com- 
pany presented,  for  the  first  time  in  America,  Donizetti's  opera  of 
"Don  Sebastian,"  and  with  this  cast: 




Ziida   .    .     .    Signora  Carozd-Zucchi 
Setastian       .     .     .    Sig.  Massimilliani 

CuDoeno Si|^.  Bellini 

Giovumi Sig.  Susini 

Dusense     BClles.  Ernestine  and  Auriol 

Abadialos  .     . 
Don  Selim 
Don  Antonio  . 
Don  Lai^ 
Don  Ennco    . 

.  Sig.  Lorini 
.  Si|^.  Mailer 
Sig.  Reichardt 
.  .  Ximenes 
.  Sig.  Lacion 

Carl  Bergmann  was  the  conductor.  The  opera  was  repeated  Nov. 
28,  29,  Dec.  2,  6,  9,  14,  17,  19,  24.  Nov.  30,  "Faust;"  Dec.  5, 
"The  Child  of  the  Regiment;"  Dec.  7,  "II  Poliuto." 

Dec.  8,  a  matinee  and  evening  benefit  was  given  to  Charles 
Peters,  who  had  been  disabled  by  being  run  over  by  a  Third 
Avenue  car.  At  the  matinee,  "London  Assurance,"  was  given 
with  this  cast: 

diaries  Conrtiey  .  .  Lester  Wallack 
Sir  Harcoiirt  Conrtiey  .    .     C.  Walcot 

Danle Charles  Fisher 

Mark  Meddle  ....  G.  L.  Fox 
Dolly  Spanker  .  .  .  .  W.  Holston 
Max  Harkaway  .  .  .  .  J.  G.  Burnett 
^    ■ W.  H. 



James Harry  Pearson 

Martin W.  R.  Floyd 

Isaacs C.  T.  Parsloe,  Jr. 

Lady  Gay  Spanker  .  Mrs.  John  Wood 
Grace  Harkaway  Madelaine  Henriqaes 
Pert      ....      Mrs.  Sedley  Brown 

In  the  evening,  "The  School  for  Scandal "  was  played,  with  this 

Careless  .  . 
Rowley  .  . 
Snake  .  .  . 
Lady  Teazle 
Mrs.  Candour 
Maria  .  .  . 
Lady  Sneerwell 

.  .  .  J.  E.  Whiting 
.  .  G.  F.  Browne 
.  .  .  Frank  Rea 
.  Mrs.  F.  B.  Conway 
Mrs.  George  Farren 

Mrs.  C.  M.  Walcot,  Jr. 
Mrs.  Emma  Skerrett 

JoMDh  Surface    .     .  J.  W.  Wallack,  Jr. 

Sir  Peter  Teazle .     .     .  F.  B.  Conwav 

Sir  OHver  Sur£u:e  .     .  .  Mark  Smitn 

Qiarles  Surface  .    .     .  J.  K.  Mortimer 

Crabtree J.  W.  Lingard 

Sir  Benjamin  Backbite  B.  T.  Ringgold 

Moses Harry  Pearson 

Trip Edward  Lamb 

Nearly  every  theatre  in  New  York  and  Brooklyn  was  represented, 
ind  DO  less  than  six  managers  and  lessees  of  theatres  performed 
in  the  plays  presented,  viz. :  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Conway,  of  the  Park 
Theatre,  Brooklyn;  Mr.  J.  W.  Lingard,  of  the  New  Bowery; 
Lester  Wallack,  of  Wallack's  Theatre;  Mrs.  John  Wood,  of  the 
Olympic ;  and  G.  L.  Fox,  of  the  Old  Bowery.  The  benefit  realized 
I  very  haiidsome  sum.  Dec.  21,  Auber's  opera  of  "Fra  Diavolo," 
which  had  always  previously  been  given  in  English,  was  now 
rendered,  for  the  first  time  in  America,  in  Italian,  and  with  this 

Fra  Diavolo 
Lofd  Rodibourg 

Miss  KeUog^ 

Mile.  Morensi 

.    Si^nor  Lotti 

Sig.  Bellini 

Lorenzo Signor  Lorini 

Beppo Signor  Dubreuil 

Giacomo ^^S!?^''  Weinlich 

Matheo Signor  Muller 

It  was  repeated  Dec.  23,  26,  and  28. 

A  jewellers'  presentation  concert  was  given  Dec.  24.  Carozzi- 
Zocchi  presented  "  Norma "  for  her  benefit,  Dec.  27.  "  Fra  Dia- 
volo "  was  sung  for  the  benefit  of  the  French  Benevolent  society. 

VOL.  II.  —  4 



Dec.  29,  and  ''Norma"  was  repeated  on  Dec.  30,  the  last  night 
of  the  season.  Feb.  2,  1865,  Maretzek's  company  again  returned 
and  presented  the  following  operas:  "Don  Sebastian,"  "FraDia- 
volo,"  "II  Poliuto,"  "II  Trovatore,"  "Faust,"  "Norma,"  "La 
Traviata,"  "Lucia,"  "Emani,"  "Martha;"  Verdi's  opera  "La 
Forza  Del  Destino,"  for  the  first  time  in  America,  and  thus  cast: 

Donna  Leonora  Signora  Carozd-Zuccbi 
Preziosilla  .  .  .  Signora  Morensi 
Don  Alvaro    .    .     .  Sig.  Massimilliani 

Don  Carlos Sig.  Bellini 

Abbot Sig.  Susini 

Militone Sig.  Lorini 

Marquis  of  Calatrava   .     Sig.  Dubreuil 

Trabucco Si^.  Reichardt 

Spanish  Surgeon     .    .     Sig.  Ximenes 
Alcalde Sig.  Muller 

This  opera  was  repeated  Feb.  28,  March  3,  6,  8,  10,  18,  1865.  March 
4,  matin6e,  "Martha,"  evening,  concert  of  pupils  of  National  Con- 
servatory; March  11,  matinee,  "Ernani;"  March  13,  "Don  Gio- 
vanni;" March  15,  "Fra  Diavolo;"  March  16,  "Norma;"  March 
17,  "I  Puritani;"  March  20,  "La  Figlia  del  Reggimento,"  and 
fourth  act  of  "Rigoletto;"  March  21,  last  night  of  the  season, 
"Don  Sebastian,"  and  March  23,  matinee,  and  close  of  the  season, 
"Fra  Diavolo." 

L.  M.  Gottschalk  gave  a  matinee  entertainment,  April  i ;  April 
II,  Maretzek  took  a  benefit,  when  "II  Poliuto"  was  given,  with 
selections  from  "La  Forza."  The  beneficiary  was  presented  with 
^7,000.  The  Theatrical  Mechanical  association  had  a  matinee 
benefit  April  12,  and  the  companies  of  Wallack's,  Winter  Garden, 
Old  and  New  Bowery,  Barnum's,  Olympic,  Niblo's,  Brooklyn 
Park,  and  Hooley's  New  York  and  Brooklyn  Minstrels,  and  Theo- 
dore Moss,  John  McCullough,  the  Dobson  Brothers,  and  others, 
participated.  The  bill  comprised  "London  Assurance,"  "Shamus 
O'Brien,"  recitation,  "Day  After  the  Wedding,"  banjo  duets  and 
minstrel  entertainments.  A  benefit  was  given  April  12,  for  the 
soldiers  and  sailors,  followed  April  26  by  Leonard  Grover's  German 
opera  company,  which  in  "Robert  le  Diable,"  "Faust,"  "Martha," 
"Fidelio,"  "The  Magic  Flute,"  "The  Huguenots,"  closed  May  8 
with  "La  Juive."  May  15,  Juignet's  French  company  appeared 
and  remained  until  June  12,  after  which  Prof.  Macallister,  magi- 
cian, was  the  attraction.  A  benefit  was  given,  afternoon  and  eve- 
ning of  July  21,  to  the  company  and  attaches  of  Barnum's  Museum, 
who  were  thrown  out  of  employment  by  the  fire  there.  Among 
those  who  assisted  were  Kate  Reignolds,  L.  J.  Mestayer,  the  San 
Francisco  Minstrels,  Emily  Melville,  W.  Davidge,  M.  B.  Pike, 
Carrie  Moore,  Jenny  Engel,  Mme.  Martinetti,  Mons.  Baptistin, 
G.  C.  Davenport,  Mitchell,  Wm.  Connolly,  Mary  Estelle,  Hattie 
Walby,  J.  J.  Prior,  J.  E.  Nagle,  Gustavus  Geary,  G.  L.  Fox,  and 
his  pantomime  company  from  the  Old  Bowery  Theatre,  George 
Christy,    M.    Bryan,    Kate  Pennoyer,   Mrs.   H.  Chapman,  Jenny 




Cleaver,  Nannie  Hook,  W.  P.  Smith,  Welsh  Edwards,  B.  Porter, 
and  the  Hanlon  Brothers.  The  entertainment  comprised  the  "  Jenny 
Liod "  burletta,  "  A  Morning  Call,"  "  Barney  the  Baron,"  "  Handy 
Andy,"  ^Mr.  and  Mrs.  Peter  White,"  an  olio  and  a  speech  by 
P.  T.  Bamum. 

Prof.  Herrmann  opened  the  season  of  1865-^  Sept  12.  It  was 
U  this  time  that  the  trouble  took  place  between  the  managers 
of  the  different  theatres  in  this  city,  and  The  New  York  HeraUL 
Maretxdlc  was  the  prime  mover  in  this  battle.  The  Herald  made  a 
lavage  onslaught  on  him,  saying  that  the  company  engaged  was  a 
tery  poor  one,  and  that  Maretzek  cared  very  little  about  the  New 
York  public  Maretzek  published  a  card  m  the  other  papers  of 
this  city,  charging  The  Herald  with  interference  in  the  arrange- 
OKot  of  the  opera,  alleging  that  the  editor  and  many  of  the  sta£f  of 
that  journal  were  persistent  'Meadheads,"  and  detailing  many  griev- 
ances too  long  endured,  and  pluckily  refusing  to  be  either  dictated 
to  or  influenced  by  any  such  mode  of  procedure.  The  result  was 
that  at  a  meeting  of  the  managers  it  was  resolved  to  stop  advertis* 
ing  in  The  Herald^  and  several  of  the  managers  had  at  the  top  of 
ill  their  advertisements,  programmes,  and  posters  the  line:  ''This 
establishment  does  not  advertise  in  The  New  York  Herald**  The 
following  named  theatres  were  among  those  who  did  not  advertise 
in  The  Herald:  Academy  of  Music,  Winter  Garden,  Olympic,  New 
York  Circus,  Bamum's  Museum,  Fox's  Old  Bowery,  Niblo's,  Wal- 
lidL's»  and  New  Bowery.  Those  who  did  advertise  were  Wood's 
Theatre,  opposite  St.  Nicholas  Hotel  (afterwards  Josh  Hart's 
Theatre  Comique),  Wood's  (Broadway  and  Broome)  Theatre,  Lucy 
Roshton's  (opposite  New  York  Hotel),  and  Bryant's  Minstrels. 
The  fight  lasted  all  through  the  season.  Mr.  Bennett  then  cried 
feccaxri.  sent  to  the  several  managers,  promised  to  be  a  good  boy 
to  future  if  they  would  "return  to  the  fold,"  and  the  consequence 
was  that  all  resumed  their  advertising  in  The  Herald 

Maretzek  commenced  the  season,  Sept.  25,  with  an  admirable 
organization.  The  artists  new  to  America  were  Enrichetta  Bosisio, 
Bine  de  Rossi,  Ettore  Irfre,  Guiseppa  Mara,  G.  B.  Antonucci,  and 
Julius  Sesselsberg.  Of  established  favorites  there  were  Carozzi- 
Ziicchi,  Clara  Louise  Kellogg,  Ortalani-Brignoli,  Adelaide  Phil- 
lips, Fanny  Stockton,  Mrs.  Reichardt,  Massimilliani,  Francesco 
Mazzoleni,  Ardavani,  Rovere,  Dubreuil,  Lorini,  Herren  Muller 
ind  Reichardt*  Carl  Bergmann,  Max  Maretzek,  and  Torriani  were 
the  conductors;  Appy  and  Noll  the  leaders;  Signor  Dubreuil,  the 
ftage  manager;  Ronzani,  mattre  de  ballet,  and  M.  Calyo,  scenic 
irtist.     The  opening  opera  was  "  Faust  " : 

Faust  (his  first  appeanmce  in  America) 

Sig.  Ettore  Irfre 

Valentine Signor  Bellini 

Mephisto  ....   Signor  Antonucci 

Mari^uefite    Miss  Gara  Louise  Kellogg 

Sicbel Madame  Fischer 

lUrtha       .     .       MUe.  Freda  di  Gebel 

52         A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       ( 

Sig.  Achille  Ardavani  died  in  this  city  May  28,  1889,  aged  si 
three  years.      He  came  here  under  engagement  with   Ben 
Ulroann   in   the  season  of   1857-58,  and  made  his  d6but  in 
Trovatore/'  as  Count  di  Luna,  with  marked  success.     For  tW4 
years  he  had  been  a  music  teacher  in  New  York  and  Boston. 

Sept.  27,  **  II  Pol  into  "  was  sung  with  Carozzi-Zucchi,  Mi 
milliani,  and  Bellini  as  the  principals;  Adelaide  Phillips appea 
for  the  first  time  in  four  years,  as  Maffeo  Orsini  in  ^'Luci 
Borgia,"  the  remainder  of  the  cast  including  Zucchi,  Irfre, 
Antonucci.  A  "  Faust "  matinee  took  place  Sept.  3a  Herrmj 
the  magician,  appeared.  Petrella's  opera,  "lone,**  was  rev 
Oct.  2,  introducing  to  an  American  audience  a  pupil  of  the  < 
poser  in  the  person  of  Mile.  Bosisio,  who  sustained  the  title  ] 
'^lone"  was  repeated  on  the  following  night  Sig.  Mara,  1 
tone,  made  his  first  appearance  in  America,  Oct.  4,  as  Don  Q 
in  "Ernani."  Oct.  9,  Signora  B.  de  Rossi,  contralto,  made 
d^but  as  Azucena  in  "II  Trovatore."  "I  Puritani "  was  g 
Oct.  10;  "Martha"  on  Oct.  13;  "La  Traviata,"  Oct.  16.  Car 
Patti  died  in  Paris,  France,  June  27,  1889.  In  Sept.,  1890,  a  m 
ment  was  erected  in  Montmarte  cemetery,  that  city,  to  Car 
Patti  de  Munck.  Her  last  appearance  here  in  opera  was  Oct. 
"I  Puritani." 

A  season  of  opera  and  concert  began  Oct.  17,  when  A 
Parepa,  Carl  Rosa,  and  Mr.  Danreuther  made  their  first  ap] 
ances  in  the  Academy,  and  Jules  Levy,  the  comet  player,  his 
appearance  in  America.  Mile.  Parepa  sang  "  The  Shadow  Sc 
from  "Dinorah,"  an  aria  from  "Robert  le  Diable,"  and  the  ba 
"Five  O'clock  in  the  Morning."  Carl  Rosa  performed  v 
solos;  Mr.  Danreuther,  piano  accompaniments,  and  Thee 
Thomas  conducted  the  orchestra.  Mr.  Levy  performed  ** 
Whirlwind  Polka  "  and  "  Carnival  de  Venice  "  on  the  cornet, 
the  Maretzek  companv  sang  the  entire  opera  of  "  Lucrezia  Borj 
Mile.  Parepa  was  billed  to  appear  Oct.  18,  but  sickness  preve 
her,  and  Miss  Kellogg  played  her  rdle  in  "Lucia."  Oct 
"Norma;"  Oct.  23,  "II  Trovatore;"  Oct.  24,  "Crispino 
Comare;  "  for  the  first  time  here.  The  cast  was:  Annetta,  ( 
Louise  Kellogg;  Fairy,  Madame  Fischer;  Crispino,  Signor  R< 
(first  appearance  in  several  years);  Fabrizio,  Sig.  Irfre;  Mil 
lando,  Sig.  Bellini;  Count,  Sig.  Mara.  Nov.  3,  "Robert 
Diavolo;"  Nov.  8,  "Rigoletto;"  Nov.  10,  "Fra  Diavolo;" 
20,  "Don  Giovanni;"  Nov.  24,  " La Somnambula ; "  Dec.  i,  M- 
beer's  opera,  "L'Africaine,"  was  presented  for  the  first  tin 
America;  Selika,  Mme.  Carozzi-Zucchi ,  Inez,  Mile.  Orta 
Brignoli;  Vasco  di  Gama,  Sig.  Mazzoleni;  Don  Pedro,  Sig. 
tonucci;  Nelusko,  Sig.  Bellini;  Dec.  13,  "I  Puritani " 
announced,  but,  in  consequence  of  the  death  of  Sig.  Rover 

lijq  THE  ACADEMY  OF  MUSIC  53 

performance  was  given.    Rovere  came  to  this  country  with  Alboni, 

in  1853.     He  died  suddenly  of  affection  of  the  throat,  in  this  city, 

aged  sixty  years.     Dec  14,  a  memorial  concert  was  given  in  aid 

of  the  widow  and  children  of  the  composer,   William  Vincent 

Wallace.     Among  the  artists  who  gave  their  services  were  Clara 

Louise  Kellogg,  Adelaide  Phillips,  W.  Castle,  S.  C.  Campbell, 

Richard  Hoffman,  S.  B.  Mills,  G.  W.  Morgan,  John  A.  Kyle, 

Wm.  Berge,  E.  J.  Browns,  Theodore  Thomas,  and  the  members  of 

the  Liederkranz,  Arion,  Harmonic,  Mendelssohn  Union,  and  New 

York  Singing  Academy  societies.     Dec.  1 5  was  the  last  night  of 

the  season,  the  opera  being  "  L'Africaine,"  and  at  the  close  of  the 

third  act,  Maretzek  was  called  to  the  front  and  presented  by  L.  W. 

Gerome,  on  behalf  of  many  citizens,  with  a  handsome  service  of 

silver  and  an  address.      The  season   closed  with  a  matinee  of 

"L'Africaine,"  Dec.   16.     Fifty  representations  had  been  given, 

divided  as  follows:  "Faust,"  three;  "II  Pol  into,"  one;  "Lucrezia 

Borgia,"   two;   "lone,"  three;   "Emani,"  three;   "Un   Ballo  in 

Mascbera,"    two;    "II    Trovatore,"    three;    "I    Puritani,"    one; 

"Martha,"  one;  "Traviata,"  one;  "Lucia,"  one;  "Norma,"  two; 

"Crispino,"  ten;  "Roberto,"  two;  "Rigoletto,"  one;  "Fra  Dia- 

volo,"  three;  "Don   Giovanni,"   one;    "La  Somnambula,"  one; 

"L'Africaine,"  nine. 

Dec  25,  a  concert  was  given  by  Clara  M.  Brinkerhoff,  Mrs.  J. 
H.  Barclay,  George  Simpson,  Signor  Fosati,  J.  N.  Patterson,  G. 
W.  Colby,  and  Grafulla's  Seventh  regiment  band.  Dec.  27,  MM. 
P.  Juignet  and  C.  Drivet's  French  dramatic  company  played 
Scribe's  "Bataille  des  Dames"  and  Villeneuve's  "La  Fille  de 
Dominique."  Dec.  30,  the  same  company  gave  Bayard  and 
Dnmanoir's  "  Les  Premiers  Ans  de  Richelieu  "  and  Foumier's 
**Lc  Partie  de  Piquet,"  well  known  since  as  "A  Game  of  Cards." 

Jan.  6,  8,  9,  1866,  the  Bateman  concert  company,  comprising 
IVepa,  Carl  Rosa,  Levy,  S.  B.  Mills,  Carl  Anschutz,  and  orches- 
tra were  heard.  Juignet  &  Drivet's  French  company  sang  Halevy's 
"L'ficlair  "  and  Victor  Masse's  "Les  Noces  de  Jeannette,"  Mile. 
Naddie  and  M.  Armand  making  their  first  appearance  in  America. 
The  Bateman  company  were  heard  again  Jan.  1 1 ;  the  French  com- 
pany gave  "  La  Ligne  Droite "  and  '*  Les  Domestiques  Peints  par 
Eux-m*mes,"  Jan.  13;  "Nos  Intimes,"  Jan.  17  and  19.  The 
Philharmonic  society  gave  a  concert  Jan.  27,  and  the  Annual 
Charity  Ball,  Jan.  291  Feb.  i,  1866,  the  Maretzek  company  sang 
** L' Africaine. "  "Don  Sebastian"  was  revived  Feb.  13,  and  at  a 
mating  Feb.  17,  Sig.  Brandini  made  his  first  appearance  in  New 
York  as  Don  Carlos  in  "  Emani."  Night  of  Feb.  17,  Anna  Lacoste 
appeared  in  a  new  play  by  Isaac  C.  Pray,  entitled  "Virginia  of 
Rome"  Mr.  Clercpret,  Archer,  Isaac  C.  Pray,  Hannah  and  H. 
^  Stuart  were  in  the  cast.     Miss  Lacoste 's  next  appearance  was 

54       A     HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [xw 

at  the  French  Theatre,  Aug.  30,  as  Deborah.  She  then  devoted 
herself  to  dramatic  readings.  Without  book  or  pamphlets,  she 
recited  the  whole  of  "Julius  Caesar,"  "King  John,"  and  "Romeo 
and  Juliet,"  in  a  manner  that  not  only  attracted  considerable  atten- 
tion, but  gave  her  a  reputation  for  possessing  a  remarkable  memory. 
In  the  height  of  her  popularity  she  contracted  a  cold,  which  finally 
settled  into  rheumatism  of  the  heart,  and  she  died  in  this  city,  July 
6,  1868. 

Feb.  26,  Carmelina  Poch  made  her  first  appearance  in  New  York 
as  Leonora  in  "La  Favorita."  "Don  Pasquale"  was  sung  for  the 
first  time  in  se\'en  years  at  a  matinee,  March  3,  Sig.  Sarto  mak- 
ing his  first  appearance  in  the  title  rdle.  Juignet  &  Drivet's 
French  dramatic  company  played  Dennery's  "L'Aieule,"  "Le 
Gamin  de  Paris."  and  "Les  Enfants  Terribles"  the  evening  of 
March  7.  "L'Etoile  du  Nord  "  was  revived  March  9,  with  Kel- 
logg, Bosisio,  Antonucci,  Irfre,  Sarta,  and  Barili  in  the  cast 
March  13,  for  her  benefit,  Zucchi  presented  "  L' Africaine  "  and  sang 
the  Italian  hymn,  "II  Garibaldino."  March  15,  Mme.  Larmet,  of 
the  French  dramatic  company  had  a  benefit,  presenting  "Les 
Amours  Maudit "  and  "  Les  Zuaves  de  Palestro. "  March  23,  the 
same  company  played  "  Les  Enfer  de  Paris. "  April  5,  a  bal  d'opera 
was  given,  the  Academy  being  decorated  with  caricatures  of  promi- 
nent people,  from  the  brush  of  Thomas  Nast.  The  operatic  season 
closed  April  14,  with  a  matinee  of  "  Les  Huguenots."  During  this 
second  season  " L' Africaine "  had  been  represented  nine  times; 
"Crispino  e  la  Comare,"  four  times;  "Norma,"  once;  "I  Puri- 
tani,"  once;  "Faust,"  four  times;  "Martha,"  once;  "Don  Sebas- 
tian," three  times;  "Fra  Diavolo,"  twice;  "Ernani,"  once; 
" Poliuto, "  once ;  "lone,"  once;  "La  Favorita,"  five  times;  "La 
Somnambula,"  once;  "Don  Pasquale,"  twice;  "II  Trovatore," 
once;  "L'fitoiledu  Nord,"  six  times;  "Un  Ballo  in  Maschera," 
once;  "Don  Giovanni,"  once;  "Les  Huguenots,"  three  times,  and 
"Lucrezia  Borgia,"  twice  ;  in  all  fifty  representations. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  Charles  Kean  took  their  farewell  of  America,  April 
16,  when  "  Louis  XI. "  and  "  The  Jealous  Wife  "  were  acted : 

Louis  XI Chas.  Kean 

The  Dauphin     .    .     .    Miss  Chapman 
Tristam Geo.  Everett 

Martha Mrs.  C.  Kean 

De  Nemours     .     .     .     .  J.  F.  Cathcart 

In  "The  Jealous  Wife,"  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Kean  played  Mr.  and 
Mrs.  Oakley. 

Leonard  Grover's  German  opera  company  began  a  season  April 
17,  1866,  with  "Faust,"  the  cast  embracing  Himmer,  Joseph  Herr- 
mann, Heinrich  Steinecke,  Miles.  Johanna  Rotter  and  Sophie 
Dziuba.  April  18,  "William  Tell "  was  given  for  the  first  time  in 
eleven  years,  Wm.  Formes  making  his  first  appearance  in  opera 



in  New  York  as  the  hero.  Herr  Himmer  was  the  Arnold,  Herr 
Habelmann  the  Jacques;  Herr  Weinlich,  Gessler;  Mile.  Johanna 
Rotter,  Mathilde.  Several  of  the  German  societies  aided  in  the 
chorus.  April  19,  ''La  Dame  Blanche"  was  sung,  with  Bertha 
Johannsen  as  Anna  and  Mme.  Berger  as  Margaret  '*  Fra  Diavolo  " 
was  heard  at  a  mating  April  21,  ''The  Huguenots/'  April  23,  and 
"Tannhauser  "  was  announced  April  27,  but,  owing  to  the  illness 
of  Mme.  Rotter  and  Herr  Weinlich,  only  one  act  was  sung,  and 
''The  Magic  Flute  "  was  substituted.  This  closed  an  unsuccessful 

Jacob  Grau  came  May  7,  with  his  company  from  Havana  and  gave 
''La  Traviata,"  with  Leonilda  Boschetti  as  Violetta;  May  9,  "II 
Trovatore  "  was  sung,  with  Mme.  Noel-Guidi  as  Leonora,  Mme. 
Cash-PoUini  as  Azucena,  Musiani  as  Manrico;  May  10,  "Faust; 
Hay  II,  "  Saffo,"  for  the  reappearance  of  Mile.  Gazzaniga;  "  Faust, 
"Un  Ballo"  and  "La  Juive"  followed;  May  18,  "L'Africaine; 
matinee,  May  19,  "Emani"  and  "Faust"  (third  act).  May  21, 
1866,  the  last  performance  in  the  old  Academy  of  Music  was 
given,  the  opera  being  "  La  Juive,"  thus  cast:  Rachel,  Mme.  Graz- 
laniga;  Eudoxia,  Mile.  Boschetti;  Prince  Leopold,  Signor  Anas- 
tasia;  Eleazar,  Signor  Musiani;  Cardinal,  Signor  Milleri.  Jarrett 
k  Pdmer  had  leased  this  house  for  the  production  of  "  La  Biche 
au  Bois,"  but  early  on  the  morning  of  May  22  the  house  was  en- 
tirely destroyed  by  fire.  Flames  were  discovered  in  the  basement, 
fronting  on  Irving  Place.  The  performance  had  been  closed  only 
a  short  time,  and  a  number  of  persons  attached  to  the  theatre  were 
still  in  the  building.  In  the  short  space  of  thirty  minutes  the 
whole  building  was  a  massive  sheet  of  flames.  At  half-past  one 
o'clock  the  interior  of  the  Academy  had  been  totally  destroyed. 
Shoitly  after  the  fire,  a  meeting  of  the  shareholders  was  held,  and 
it  was  resolved  to  rebuild  on  the  same  site.  The  foundations  were 
pot  in  condition  in  August,  1866,  and  the  building  was  ready  for 
occupancy  in  February,  1867.  It  cost  $300, 00a  Thomas  R.  Jack-  * 
son  was  the  architect  and  contractor. 

The  first  entertainment  of  any  nature  given  in  the  new  house 
was  a  ball  for  the  widows  and  orphans  of  the  members  of  the  Old 
Fire  department,  Feb.  28,  1867.  A  bal  d'opera,  directed  by  Max 
Maretzek,  took  place  the  following  evening. 

A  season  of  Italian  opera  opened  March  7  by  Mr.  Maretzek,  with 
the  following  company:  Miss  Kellogg,  Isabella  Ronconi,  Mile. 
Carmelina  Poch,  Fanny  Stockton,  Natalie  Testa,  Mile.  A.  M. 
Hauck,  Isabella  McCulloch  (afterwards  Mme.  Brignoli),  Ronconi, 
Baragli,  Barili,  Antonucci,  Mazzoleni,  Bernard!,  Dubreuil,  Fossati, 
Bellini,  Mara,  Fleury,  Reichardt,  Riccardi,  Muller,  Testa,  and 
Bacelli,  and  Miles.  Kruger  and  Theresa,  dancers.  The  repertory 
consisted  of   ''II  Barbiere,"  "Fra  Diavolo,"  "Lucrezia  Borgia," 

56         A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D»7 

"L'fitoile  du  Nord,"  "La  Traviata,"  "Faust,"  "Crispino  e  la 
Comare,"  "II  Trovatore,"  "Norma,"  "Martha,"  "Don  Giovanni," 
"Emani,"  "La  Somnambula,"  and  Petrella's  new  opera,  "La 
Carnival  de  Venice."  Carl  Bergmann  and  Sig.  Torriani  were  the 
conductors.  At  the  matinee,  March  i6,  in  addition  to  the  opera, 
"Elisir  d'Amore,"  Florence  Noble  read  the  balcony  scene  from 
"Romeo  and  Juliet."  March  i8,  Parepa-Rosa  made  her  first  ap- 
pearance in  opera  in  America,  playing  Leonore  in  "II  Trovatore," 
and  on  the  same  evening  Bacelli,  a  basso,  made  his  first  appear- 
ance in  New  York  as  Ferrando.  Parepa-Rosa  sang  in  "Norma," 
March  19  and  23.  "  Don  Giovanni "  was  given  March  26,  with  the 
following  fine  cast: 

Donna  Anna  ....  Parepa-Rosa 
Donna  Elvira  .  .  Isabella  McCulloch 
Don  Ottavio  ....  Sig.  Baragli 
Leponello Sig.  Ronconi 

Commendatore     ....  Sig.  Bacelli 
Zerlina    ....    Miss  C.  L.  Kellop;^ 

Don  Giovanni Sig.  Bellini 

Masseto Sig.  Fossati 

Parepa-Rosa  closed  with  the  matinee  of  "II  Trovatore,"  March 
30.  April  3,  for  the  first  time  in  America,  Petrella's  opera,  "La 
Carnival  de  Venice  "  was  sung,  and  with  this  cast : 

Orestes Sig.  Baragli 

Pylades Sig.  Mara 

Count Si^or  Bacelli 

Master  Cola     ....    Sig.  Ronconi 

Albina     .     .     .    Clara  Louise  Kelloge 

Romella Signora  Ronconi 

Signora  Mozio  .     .  Mile.  Natalie  Testa 

A  benefit  was  given,  April  4,  for  the  sufferers  by  the  burning  of 
the  Winter  Garden  Theatre,  "  Hamlet "  was  presented,  with  this 

Hamlet Edwin  Booth 

Gravedlp^er     .     .    .    W.  S.  Andrews 
Player  Kmg      .    .     W.  A.  Donaldson 

The  Queen Ida  Vernon 

Ophelia Mme.  Scheller 

Player  Queen    .     .     .      Miss  Andrews 

Laertes C.  Barton  Hill 

The  Ghost  ....     J.  N.  Gotthold 
The  King     .     .     .     M.  W.  LeffingweU 

Polonius W.  Davidge 

Horatio J.  Duff 

Orlandini  and  Ortalani  appeared  in  "  L'Africaine  "  April  15,  and 
Angela  Peralta,  a  Mexican  prima  donna,  made  a  most  successful 
d6but  April  25,  in  "La  Somnambula."  The  season  closed  May  4, 
and  May  6  Thomas  Maguire  &  Richard  Risley*s  company  of 
Japanese  contortionists,  magicians,  and  balancing  artists  took 
possession  of  the  Academy,  remaining  until  June  15.  A  Masonic 
ovation  was  held  June  27,  in  aid  of  the  widows  and  orphans  of  the 
Masons  of  the  South,  the  artists  being  Mile.  Hauck,  Sigs.  Bellini 
and  Mara,  Edward  Hoffmann,  Henry  Mollenhauer,  D.  L.  Down- 
ing, and  band.  During  the  evening  an  address  was  delivered  by 
Hon.  James  T.  Brady.  The  Japanese  company  returned  on  July 
I,  and  remained  until  July  10.     A  new  collection  of  Orientals, 


mder  the  tame  management,  appeared  July  15,  for  that  night 

Mr.  Maretzek  began  an  Italian  opera  season  Sept.  23,  with  the 
following  company:  Parepa-Rosa,  Angela  Peralta,  Minnie  A. 
Hauck*  Ronconi,  Natalie  Testa,  Louise  Kapp- Young,  Jenny 
Kempton,  Emilio  Pencani,  Baragli,  Testa,  Anastasia,  Georgio 
Ronooni,  Bellini,  Orlandini,  Antonucci,  and  Paulo  Medini.  Max 
Maretzek,  Carl  Bergmann,  and  A.  Torriani  were  the  conductors. 
*  Doo  Giovanni "  was  the  first  opera  sung,  with  this  cast : 

Donna  Elvira    .     .     .      Mile.  RonconI 

Doftna  Anna     ....    Parepa-Rosa 

Zcrfiaa Miss  Hauck 

Don  Ctovaani  ....      Sig.  Bellini 

Leporello Sig.  Ronconi 

DcMina  Octavio      •    .     .     sTg.  Baragli 

•*Otello**  was  heard  Sept.  25,  when  Emilio  Pencani  made  his 
American  d6but,  acting  the  title  rdle,  with  lago,  Bellini ;  Desde- 
mona,  Parepa-Rosa;  Roderigo,  Baragli.  Sept.  27,  "II  Barbiere" 
was  sung,  with  Angela  Peralta  as  Rosina ;  Ronconi  was  the  Figaro, 
ind  Paulo  Medini  made  his  American  d^but  as  Barilio.  Oct.  7, 
Orlandini  was  heard  as  Carlos  in  "Emani." 

Oct.  9,  Mme.  Janauschek  made  her  first  appearance  in  America, 
icting   "Medea.''     The   version   was   Grillpainseu's  translation. 
Francesca  Romana   Magdalena  Janauschek  was  supported  by  a 
company  brought  from  Europe.     "  Medea  "  was  presented  with  this 
cast:  Jason,  Hcrr  Scherenbcrg;  King  of  Corinth,  Herr  Kleinart; 
Crcusa,  Miss  Teitz;  Hcrold,  Herr  Crelinger;  Cora,  Miss  Singer; 
Medea,    Janauschek.      Oct.    12,  Janauschek  played   "Deborah;" 
Oct  17,  " Mary  Stuart. •'     Oct.  18,  Cagnoni's  opera,  "Don  Bucef- 
ilo,  *•  was  given,  for  the  first  time  in  America.     Ronconi  was  the 
Don  Bucefalo.     Oct.  19,  Janauschek  played  "Brunhild;"  and  Oct. 
24f  **  Adrienne ; "  Oct.  30,  Louise  Kapp- Young  made  her  Ameri- 
can dAut  as  Selika  in  "L'Africaine,"  Bellini  as  Neluska;  Nov. 
2,  Janauschek  was  seen  in  the  dual  rdle  of  Emelia  Galotti  and 
Countess  Orsini,  in  Lessing*s  drama  of  "  Emelia  Galotti,"  followed 
bv-The  Gladiator  of   Ravenna."      "Don  Carlos,"  Nov.   8;   and 
Xo\'.  II,  selections  were  given  from  "Die  Carisschueller,"  "Don 
Carlos,"  and  other  works;  Nov.  14,  Janauschek  was  seen  as  Mari- 
mna  in  "  A  Woman  of  the  People. "     "  Romeo  e  Giulietta  "  was 
«mg,  for  the  first  time  in  America,  Nov.  15,  and  with  this  cast : 

I^MKO Sig.  Pencani 

Mernitio Sig.  OrUndini 

Camlet Sig.  Antonucci 

Fnar  Lawrence     .     .     .      Sig.  Medini 

Tjttlt Sig.  Testa 

Grtfocy Sig.  Barili 

janauschek  closed  Nov.  30,  with  "The  Gladiator  of  Ravenna." 
She  had  given  twenty-two  performances,  appearing  in  "Medea," 
thite  times;    "Deborah,"   three  times;  "Mary   Stuart."   twice; 

Duke Herr  Mailer 

Paris Herr  Velden 

Benvolio  ....  Herr  Reichardt 
Juliet  ....  Mile.  M.  A.  Haack 
Nurse Mme.  Flurry 

58        A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE      D«» 


"Brunhild,"  once;  "  Adrienne,  the  Actress,"  three  times;  "Emelia 
Galotti,"  twice;  "Gladiator  of  Ravenna,"  twice;  "Don  Carlos, 
once;  "Marianna,"  twice;  "Romeo  e  Giulietta,"  and  "Macbeth, 
once,  and  "Egmont,"  once. 

Dec.  6,  "Linda  di  Chamounix"  was  sung.  March  i8,  1867,  the 
sufferers  by  Bamum's  Museum  fire  took  a  benefit  afternoon  and 
evening.  The  attractions  in  the  afternoon  were  an  address  by  Mr. 
Bamum  and  a  performance  of  "Uncle  Tom's  Cabin,"  with  Mrs. 
Howard  as  Topsy.  In  the  evening  "  Pale  Janet "  was  performed, 
and  Mile.  Diani  and  others  contributed  to  the  entertainment  The 
principal  event  of  the  following  week  occurred  on  Friday.  It 
was  the  performance  between  the  second  and  third  acts  of 
Brignoli's  new  symphony,  "A  Sailor's  Dream,"  under  the  com- 
poser's direction. 

"Un  Ballo  in  Maschera,"  March  30,  1868,  was  acted  by  the 
De  La  Grange  and  Brignoli  company,  Mme.  de  La  Grange  in 
the  title  rdle.  Miss  McCulloch,  Stella  Bonheur,  Brignoli,  and 
Orlandini  in  the  cast.  Mile.  Bonheur  sang  Orsini  in  "Lucrezia 
Borgia;"  "Robert  le  Diable"  was  given  on  Friday,  with  Joseph 
Herrmann  as  Bertram. 

The  Artists'  Union  gave  a  week  of  Italian  opera,  commencing 
April  13,  1868,  with  Carl  Bergmann  as  conductor.  Janauschek 
returned  with  her  German  company  and  gave  six  performances, 
commencing  April  22.  E.  L.  Davenport  took  a  benefit  April  30, 
when  he  played  "Hamlet,"  with  the  following  people  supporting 
him :  D.  H.  Harkins,  Lewis  Baker,  Harry  Hawk,  John  Huntley, 
Ryer,  George  Clarke,  F.  G.  Maeder,  W.  James,  J.  Wilson,  H.  H. 
Pratt,  T.  E.  Morris,  W.  S.  Higgins,  Claude  Burroughs,  J.  Turner, 
S.  Drake,  Irene  Gay,  Kate  Ryner,  and  Isabella  Preston.  H.  L. 
Bateman  had  a  benefit  May  2.  At  the  matinee  "  La  Belle  H61tee  " 
was  given,  and  in  the  evening  the  first  two  acts  of  "La  Grande 
Duchesse  "  were  sung  with  the  second  act  of  "  La  Belle  H^l^ne  " 
and  the  drama  of  "The  Old  Guard,"  in  which  Mr.  Bateman 
appeared,  for  the  first  time  in  many  years,  acting  Haversack. 

Dan  Bryant  played  "Handy  Andy  "  and  "The  Irish  Emigrant," 
May  7.  The  proceeds  of  the  performance  Mr.  Bryant  gave  to  the 
American  Dramatic  Fund.  The  opera  season  terminated  May  6. 
During  its  progress  the  following  operas  had  been  sung:  "Don 
Giovanni,"  three  times;  "I  Puritani,"  once;  "Otello,"  once;  "II 
Barbiere,"  four  times;  "Norma,"  three  times;  "Crispino,"  three 
times;  "II  Trovatore,"  three  times;  "Faust,"  three  times; 
"Emani,"  once;  "Lucia,"  once;  "Huguenots,"  five  times;  "Don 
Bucefalo, "  three  times ;  "  L*  Africaine, "  twice ;["  Romeo  e  Giulietta,  '* 
four  times ;  "  Don  Pasquale, "  once,  and  "  Linda, "  once ;  in  all  thirty- 
nine  representations. 

Dec.  3,  De  Pol's  spectacular  sensation,  "The  Golden  Branch,  or 



the  DeviKs  Auction "  was  transferred  from  Banvard's  Museum  to 
the  Academy,  and  was  played,  with  the  exception  of  the  opera 
oi^ts»  until  Dec  17.  Guiseppina  Morlacci,  Eliza  Blasina, 
Augusta  Sohlke,  Ermesilda  Diani,  Eugenie  Lupo,  Aurelia  Ricci, 
L.  fiarretta,  and  Mons.  Giovani  Lupo,  were  the  principal  dancers, 
with  Sig.  D.  Ronzani  as  mattre  de  ballet.  In  the  dramatic  com- 
pany were  Annie  Wood,  Hattie  Thome,  and  others.  A.  Pedigam 
was  musical  director.  Auber's  opera,  ''La  Bayadere,'*  was  given 
Dec.  i6w  for  the  first  time  here  in  sixteen  years.  H.  L.  Bateman's 
Opera  Bouff^  company  performed  "La  urande  Duchesse,"  Dec 
90^  for  the  benefit  of  Uie  French  Benevolent  Society.  Janauschek 
reappeared  Dec  23,  in  "Deborah;"  Dec  25,  "Marianna"  and 
*  Coise  Here ; "  Dec  27,  "  Faust "  was  sung ;  Dec  28,  Janauschek 
was  seen  in  "Iphigenia  in  Tauris."  The  Caroline  Richings 
Opera  troupe  began  a  season  Dec  30,  in  "Crown  Diamonds;" 
Dec  31,  "Martha."  Jan.  i,  1868,  for  the  first  time  in  this  city, 
Benedict's  opera,  "The  Lily  of  Killamey,"  was  sung,  cast  as 

Mn.  Cffcgan    . 
Hardms  Cregan 
Daaaj  Mann  . 

Caroline  Richinp 

Mrs.  £.  Segnm 

Mrs.  James  Arnold 

.    .      Wm.  Castle 

S.  C.  Campbell 

Myles-na-Coppaleen .  Pierre  Bernard 
Father  Tom  .  .  .  .  H.  G.  Peakes 
Bertie  O'Moore  ....  Mr.  Wylie 
Corrigan     ....   James  A.  Arnold 

opera  was  received  so  coolly  that  it  had  only  one  other  re- 
production. "  Maritana, "  "  The  Doctor  of  Alcantara, "  "  The  Bohe- 
mian Girl"  "  Fra  Diavolo,"  "  La  Somnambula,"  and  "  Faust "  were 
|iten  in  succession.  W.  Vincent  Wallace's  opera  of  "The  Desert 
Flower"  was  sung,  for  the  first  time  in  America,  Jan.  15:  Captain 
Miorice,  W.  Castle;  Major  Hector  Van  Pumpemickle,  E.  Seguin; 
Sergeant  Peterman,  J.  A.  Arnold;  Casgan,  Mr.  S.  C.  Campbell; 
Oinita,  Caroline  Richings;  Eva,  Mrs.  J.  A.  Arnold.  "Fra  Dia- 
volo*' closed  the  season.  The  Hah  Yah-Ta-Kee  troupe  of  Japs 
commenced  Jan.  24,  and  continued  until  Jan.  29.  Feb.  12,  the 
De  La  Grange-Brignoli  Italian  opera  company,  under  the  direc- 
tion of  Max  Strakosch,  took  possession  of  the  Academy.  In  this 
company  were  Anna  de  La  Grange,  Adelaide  Phillips,  Isabella 
McCuUoch,  Rita  Sangalli  (danseuse),  Brignoli,  Massimilliani, 
Sarti,  Coletti,  Baragli,  Susini,  and  Nicolao,  musical  director. 
Tbcy  remained  until  Feb.  28,  giving  "La  Traviata,"  "Lucia, 
•Un  Ballo  in  Maschera,"  "Rigoletto,"  "La  Favorita,"  "Norma, 
lad  ''Roberto  el  Diavolo."  This  company  returned  March  16, 
Stella  Bonheur  having  meantime  joined  them,  and  they  remained 
for  one  week. 

May  II,  Mme.  Janauschek  gave  selections  from  "Mary  Stuart" 
ind  "*  Deborah,"  and  the  Italian  artists  were  heard  in  a  concert  for 
the  benefit  of  the  American  Dramatic  Fund.     Wendell  Phillips 



6o         A   HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D« 

lectured  on  "Daniel  0*Connell,"May  12,  and  Camilla  Urso,  S.  R 
Mills,  and  Carl  Bergmann  gave  a  concert  for  the  benefit  of  the 
widow  of  A.  Hirschman,  May  16.  Jerome  Hopkins  directed  the 
annual  concert  of  the  Orpheon  Free  choral  schools,  May  26. 

The  B.  P.  O.  Elks  gave  their  first  matinee  benefit  enter- 
tainment June  8,  when  volunteers  from  all  the  variety  and  minstrel 
establishments  in  town  assisted.  Lucille  Tostee  had  a  farewell 
benefit  June  25,  presenting  the  first  act  of  "  La  Grande  Duchesse," 
the  second  act  of  "  La  Belle  H61Sne,  *'  and  the  operetta  of  "  Litschen 
and  Fritzschen."  This  house  was  opened  Sept.  21,  1868,  for  the 
production  of  a  play  called  "  1868,  or  the  Bride  of  a  Politician,"  by 
George  Marlow.     It  had  two  performances  only.     This  was  the  cast : 

Gay  EUdred  .     . 
Pierce  Brown 
George  Burke    . 
Squire  Fairfield 
Lynn    .     .     . 

W.  H.  Meeker 
Theo.  Hamilton 
.  F.  C.  Bangs 
.  W.  Hamblin 
.      W.  Harley 

Davis S.  B.  VilU 

Florence  ....      Henrietta  Irving 

Maude Miss  Noemte 

Mme.  Ven  Kelmeyer  .     .  Mrs.  Wilkins 
Hans  Ven  Kelmeyer    .     S.  W.  Ashley 

Janauschek,  having  returned  from  Europe,  began  a  season  of 
German  tragedy,  Oct.  6.  Herren  Guttman,  Bennemann,  Rhine- 
hardt,  and  Miss  Kuchle  were  her  principal  supporters.  Janauschek 
played  seven  times,  and  her  repertory  consisted  of  Donna  Isabella 
in  "Bride  of  Messina,**  Phaedra,  Deborah,  Mary  Stuart,  Katharina, 
in  Albert  Lindner's  five-act  drama,  "Katharine,  the  Second,  Em- 
press of  Russia,"  first  time  in  America,  Oct.  14,  and  Medea. 

Max  Strakosch  commenced  a  season  of  opera,  Oct.  191  Clara 
Louise  Kellogg  was  the  star,  having  just  returned  from  Europe. 
Mile.  Freda  de  Gebel,  Alida  Topp  (pianist),  Sig.  Lotti,  Petrelli, 
Susini,  Mons.  Caesar  Alard,  Carl  Bergmann,  and  Giorza;  Oct.  29, 
M.  Jules  Leotard,  trapezist,  made  his  American  d6but  under  the 
direction  of  Jerome  Ravel.  The  farce  "The  Governor's  Wife" 
was  also  acted.  Leotard  continued  for  three  performances.  Max 
Maretzek  took  possession  Nov,  16,  with  "II  Trovatore,"  sung  in 
Italian  by  Agatha  States,  Cellini,  Brignoli,  Orlandini,  and  Barili ; 
"  Fidelio  "  was  given  in  German,  Nov.  17,  by  Miles.  Johanna  Rotter 
and  Cellini,  and  Herren  Habelmann,  Reichardt,  Formes,  and  Her- 
mann. Mme.  de  La  Grange,  Isabella  McCulloch,  Mile.  Wes- 
mael,  and  Signori  Brignoli,  Habelmann,  and  Hermann  sang 
"Roberto el  Diavolo."  "Der  Freischiitz '*  was  sung  in  German, 
Nov.  19,  with  De  La  Grange  as  Agatha  and  Karl  Formes  as 
Caspar.  "Sicilian  Vespers,"  "Ernani,**  and  "Don  Giovanni" 
were  then  given,  Louise  Durand  making  her  d^but  as  Zerlina,  in 
the  latter,  Nov.  23.  "  Fra  Diavolo  "  and  "  Un  Ballo  in  Maschera  " 
followed,  and  Alessandro  Boetti  made  his  first  appearance  as  Al- 
fredo, in  "La  Traviata,"  Nov.  27,  the  season  closing  with  a 
matinee,  Nov.  28.  Wm.  Horace  Lingard  company,  then  occupying 
the  Theatre  Comique  (Broadway  and  Spring  Street),  gave  an  en- 




tertainment  here  Nov.  30.  Grau's  Opera  Bouff^  company,  from 
the  French  Theatre,  gave  "Barbe  Bleue,"  Dec.  17,  with  Desclauzs 
as  Bulotte,  for  the  benefit  of  the  French  Benevolent  society. 
"Genevieve  de  Brabant"  was  also  sung. 

Maretzek  commenced  an  Italian  opera  season  Feb.  11,  18691 
The  company  consisted  of  De  La  Grange,  States,  Kellogg,  McCul- 
loch,  Rotter,  Cellini,  Durand,  Wesmael,  Brignoli,  Orlandini, 
Antonucci,  Boetti,  and  Habelmann.  The  operas  given  were 
"Sicilian  Vespers,"  "Norma,"  "II  Trovatore,"  "L'Africaine," 
"Belisario,"  "Robert  le  Diable,"  "L'fitoile  du  Nord,"  "Emani," 
"La  Favorita,"  "La  Traviata,"  "Crispino,"  "Don  Giovanni," 
"Faust,"  and  "Fra  Diavolo."  Giovanni  Reina  made  his  d^but  as 
Carlos  in  "Emani,"  Feb.  24,  and  "Le  Prophete  "  was  produced 
March  11.  It  was  repeated  four  times,  the  season  closing  March 
27.    On  March  30,  a  bal  d'opera  was  given. 

Janauschek,  with  her  German  company,  returned  here  March  29, 
in  "Deborah."  "Elizabeth"  and  "Marianna,"  filled  out  the  first 
week.  Sig.  Susini  had  a  matin€e  benefit,  April  3,  presenting  "  II 
Barbiere,"  with  Adelaide  Phillips  as  Rosina  and  Alida  Topp,  the 
pianist.  Janauschek,  during  the  remainder  of  her  season,  played 
in  "Angelo,"  "Medea,"  "Mary  Stuart,"  "Phaedra,"  "The  Gladi- 
ator  (rf  Ravenna,"  "Iphyginia,"  and  "The  Bride  of  Messina,"  the 
latter  being  given  for  the  benefit  of  the  German  hospital  fund, 
April  21.  She  gave  her  farewell  performance  April  23,  appear- 
ing in  foiu"  different  characters,  viz..  Lady  Milford,  in  an  act  of 
"Love  and  Intrigue;"  the  Princess  Eboli  in  "Don  Carlos;"  the 
Actress  in  Elzholz*s  "Come  Here,"  and  the  Countess  Orsini  in 
"Emelia  Galotti." 

Rossini's  "Messe  Solennelle"  was  sung  April  29  and  30,  by 
Kellogg,  Fannie  Natalie  Testa,  Boetti,  and  Antonucci,  Max 
Maretzek  directing  the  orchestra.  It  was  also  repeated  at  a 
matinie,  May  8.  Tostee,  the  French  singer,  had  a  benefit,  May 
I,  when  "Le  Marriage  aux  Lanternes,"  an  act  from  "La  Belle 
Hflinc,"  and  "Mons.  Chouf  Levry"  were  sung. 

A  combination  of  English  and  Italian  opera  singers  appeared 
00  alternate  nights,  beginning  May  13,  when  "Lurline"  was  sung, 
for  the  first  time  in  Italian;  May  15,  it  was  given  in  English. 
The  two  casts  were : 


Lnrfine Aeatha  States 

Ghira MUcF.  N.  Testa 

Liba Mrs.  Reichardt 

Count  Rudolph  .     .     Herr  Habelmann 

Khioeberg Antonucci 

ZeOeck W.  Formes 

Baron  Tmenfels Barili 

WaWm Reichardt 

Lurline       ....      Miss  McCuUoch 
Ghiva   ....     Anne  Kemp  Bowler 

Liba Miss  F.  Kimball 

Count  Rudolph  .     Brookhouse  Bowler 

Rhineberg Orlandini 

Zelleck       G.  F.  Hall 

Baron  Truenfels Lorini 

Wilhelm A.  Mathiaon 

62        A   HISTORY   OF  THE   NEW  YORK  STAGE       [iSfig 

Bonfanti  led  the  ballet.  Maretzek  and  Torriani  were  the  con- 
ductors. The  season  closed  May  26.  A  company  of  French 
artists,  with  Mile.  Moreau,  acted  Sardou's  "Seraphine,"  May  25. 
Tostee  bid  one  farewell  to  the  United  States  May  29,  but  made 
another  at  the  Fifth  Avenue  Theatre,  May  31.  The  Cuban  patri- 
ots had  a  benefit  July  20.  The  entertainment  consisted  of  or- 
chestral performances  directed  by  Carl  Anschutz;  ballets  led  by 
the  Miles.  Diana,  Baretta,  Lucille,  Therese,  and  Mathilde;  piano- 
forte solos  by  Harry  Sanderson ;  singing  by  Arthur  Mathison,  and 
French  vaudeville  by  Francis,  Benedick,  Cellini,  and  Aberle.  At 
the  close  of  the  performance  the  Marseillaise  was  sung  by  the  com- 
pany and  twenty  Cuban  soldiers  in  uniform.  The  affair  was  under 
the  management  of  Starr  Morrissey,  Sam  Genese,  and  Edmund 

Sept.  10,  a  benefit  was  tendered  by  Edwin  Booth  to  the  family  of 
J.  G.  Hanley,  formerly  stage  manager  of  the  Winter  Garden  and 
Wallack's  Theatre.  The  play  was  "Othello,"  John  McCullough, 
the  Moor;  Edwin  Booth,  lago;  W.  E.  Sheridan,  Cassio;  Mrs. 
Emma  Waller,  Emilia;  and  Blanche  de  Bar,  Desdemona;  the 
other  characters  were  sustained  by  Edward  Lamb,  W.  R.  Floyd, 
A.  W.  Fenno,  and  John  L.  Matthews.  Prof.  Herrmann,  magician, 
appeared  Sept.  15  (his  first  appearance  in  Rve  years),  the  proceeds 
being  for  the  benefit  of  the  Avondale  sufferers.  Herrmann  contin- 
ued for  two  evenings  each  week  until  Oct.  18.  Dryane  and  company 
commenced  a  season  of  French  opera  Sept.  22,  with  "  La  Juive, 
cast  as  follows : 

Eleazar M.  Tabardi 

Cardinal  Brogni      ...     M.  Tasson 

Leopold M.  Girrebeuck 

Albert M.  Mestre 

Ruegiero M.  Haesler 

Omcer       M.  Bles 

Rachel  .    .     .     Mme.  Faye-Fanschetd 
Princesse  Edoscie     Mme.  G.  DevUlerg 

The  ballets  were  led  by  Miles.  Wesmael,  Billon,  and  M.  Van 
Hamme,  and  M.  Van  Ghele  was  the  musical  director.  "  Les  Mous- 
quetaires  de  la  Reine  '*  was  given  Sept.  24,  when  Euphemie  Bleau, 
from  the  Imperial  Opera  House,  Paris,  made  her  first  appearance 
as  Athenais  De  Solanges.  "  La  Juive  *'  was  repeated  on  Sept  29, 
and  "Les  Mousquetaires,"  Sept.  27.  The  B.  P.  O.  Elks  had  their 
annual  benefit  matinee,  Sept.  28,  when  most  of  the  variety  theatres 
and  minstrel  establishments  in  town  were  represented.  "  Robert 
le  Diable  "  was  announced  for  Oct.  i,  but  the  collapse  of  the 
season  prevented  its  performance.  It  was,  however,  subsequently 
given  l)y  the  French  artists,  for  their  own  benefit,  Oct.  8,  and  at 
a  matinee,  Oct  9,  "  Lucia  di  Lammermoor  '*  was  sung  in  French. 
Nov.  I,  a  variety  entertainment  for  the  benefit  of  the  Ladies'  Aid 
society  and  German  hospital,  among  those  assisting  being  Jim 
Mace,  James  Taylor,  Tony  Pastor,  J.  K.  Emmet,   Leopold  and 



Gcraldine,  Hutchinson,  Abner  S.  Brady,  L^gett,  and  Allen,  and 

Max  Maretzek  commenced  an  Italian  opera  season,  Nov.  3,  with 
""II  Trovatore,'*  in  which  Mile.  Carolina  Briol  and  Lefranc  made 
their  American  debuts  as   Leonore  and  Manrico;   Rose  Cellini, 
Azucena;  Reyna  was  the  Di  Luna,  and  Barili,  the  Ferranda    Nov. 
$,  "  Linda  di  Chamounix"  was  sung.  Miss  Kellogg,  Sig.  Ronconi 
and  Herr  Habelmann  sustaining  the  principal  rdles;  and  "II  Tro- 
vatore"  was  repeated  at  a  matinee,  Nov.  d      Miss  Kellogg  and 
Sig.    Ronconi   were  heard   in   "Crispino,"  Nov.    8;   "II  Trova- 
tore,"   Nov.    10;    "Fra  Diavolo,"   Nov.    12,   and  at  a  matinee, 
Nov.  13,  "Linda."    "Norma"  was  sung  Nov.  15,  with  Mile.  Briol 
ID  the  title  rdle,  and  Louise  C.  Treuer  made  her  d^but  on  the 
itage  as   Adelgisa;   Massimilliani   was  the   Pollio,  and  Coletti, 
Oro\*esa      Kellogg  and  Lefranc  sang  in  "II  Poliuto"  Nov.    17 
ind   19,  and  at  a  mating  Nov.  2a     "  William  Tell "  was  given 
Nov.  23.     Lefranc  was  Amoldo,  and  Mme.  Briol,  Matilda;  the 
remainder  of  the  cast  included  Mme.   Lami  and  Signori  Reyna, 
Coletti,  Barili,  Fosatti,  Reichardt,  and  Diehm.    In  the  fourth  act, 
the  aria  for  the  tenor,  usually  omitted,  was  sung  by  Lefranc.     The 
trio  in  the  second  act  was  also  sung  for  the  first  time  in  America. 
"William  Tell"  was  repeated  Nov.  24,  26,  29,  Dec  i  and  d     A 
ooocert  was  given  Nov.  6,  in  aid  of  the  American  Dramatic  Fund, 
by  Mrs.  Charles  Moulton,  Marie  Putnam,  Anna  Mehlig,  W.   R. 
Aogur,  M.  Tabardi,  Sig.  Gariboldi,  J.  Levy,  Max  Maretzek,  and 
C  Van  Ghele.     "Crispino"  was  sung  Nov.  27,  and  "Lucrezia 
Borgia,"  Dec.  3,  Mile.  Briol  being  the  heroine,  and  Jenny  Lands- 
man making  her  operatic  d^but  as  Orsini  on  the  latter  occasion, 
lad  Ronconi,  for  the  first  time,  appeared  as  the  Duke  Alphonso. 
Errani  was  the  Gennaro.     "  La  Somnambula  "  was  heard  at  the 
mating,   Dec.   4,  and  "William  Tell"  in  the   evening,  for  the 
benefit   of  the   Ladies'    Hebrew    Benevolent   society.      Ferrari's 
opera,  "Pipele,"  had  its  first  American  representation  Dec.    10, 
and  with  this  cast: 

Rifoimo   ....     Clara  L.  Kellogg 

Maddalena Mile.  Umi 

Si£.  Roncooi 

Sig.  Reyna 

Jacques  Ferrand      .     . 


Usher Sig.  Reichardt 

Si^.  BariU 

The  ballets  were  led  by  Miles.  Sand  and  Vestre,  and  M.  Marwig. 
■pipele"  was  repeated  on  Dec  13  and  18.  The  other  perform- 
ances were  "  William  Tell,"  Dec.  1 1  (matinee);  "  Elisir  d'Amore," 
Dec.  15,  Mile.  Pauline  Canissa  making  her  first  appearance  as 
Amina,  in  "  Un  Ballo"  on  Dec  17,  the  season  closing  with  the 
performance  of  Dec  18. 

ProfesscHT  Herrmann,  assisted  by  Mme  Herrmann  and  M.  Leon» 



reappeared  Dec.  20  and  continued  Dec.  21,  23,  25,  27,  28,  Jan.  3, 
4,  5,  1870.  "Der  Freischiitz,"  in  German,  Jan.  21  and  29,  by  W. 
Candidas,  F.  Remmertz,  Dehnhoff,  Herder,  Ely,  Schwickardy, 
Apfelbaum,  Mmes.  Frederici-Himmer,  and  Rotter-Dieffenbach, 
assisted  by  the  chorus  of  the  Arion  and  New  York  singing 
Academy  Societies. 

Maretzek*s  Italian  company  returned  Feb.  i,  Eliza  Lumley- 
Bath,  being  now  with  it,  and  gave  "II  Trovatore,"  "William 
Tell,"  "Masaniello,"  "Linda,"  "Un  Ballo,"  "Fra  Diavolo," 
"Faust,"  and  "Rigoletto."  In  "Un  Hallo,"  Feb.  11,  Dr.  Valen- 
tine, an  amateur  of  this  city,  appeared  as  Renato.  "Robert  le 
Diable "  was  announced  for  Feb.  23,  but  the  season  came  to  an 
abrupt  termination.  "Der  Freischiitz"  was  again  sung  March  11, 
with  Mme.  Johannsen,  Mile.  Canissa,  and  the  Arion  and  New 
York  singing  societies. 

The  Parepa-Rosa  English  Opera  company,  under  the  direction  of 
Carl  Rosa  and  C.  D.  Hess  &  Co.,  began  a  season  May  14.  This 
company  embraced  Parepa-Rosa,  Mrs.  Seguin,  Mrs.  Frank  Boudi- 
not,  Rose  Hersee,  Miss  Isaacson,  Nordblom,  Laurence,  Campbell, 
Castle,  G.  F.  Hall,  De  Solla,  Howard,  and  Edward  Seguin.  They 
sang  "The  Marriage  of  Figaro,"  March  14,  15,  16,  19,  and  25; 
"Martha,"  March  18,  and  "Der  Freischiitz,"  in  English,  for  the 
first  time  by  them,  March  21,  Parepa-Rosa  being  the  Agatha,  Miss 
Hersee  the  Anna,  Castle,  Max,  and  Campbell,  Caspar.  "Fra 
Diavolo"  was  sung  March  22,  "II  Trovatore,"  March  23,  and 
"Martha,"  at  a  matinee,  March  26.  Geraldine  Warren  made  her 
d6but  March  26  as  the  Gypsy  Queen  in  "The  Bohemian  Girl." 
"Maritana"  was  heard  March  28. 

Carl  Maria  Von  Weber's  "Oberon  "  was  sung  for  the  first  time 
in  New  York,  in  English,  March  29,  and  with  this  cast : 

Reiza Parepa-Rosa 

Fatima Mrs.  £.  Seguiu 

Sir  Huron W.  Castle 

Sherasmin     ....      Mr.  Laurence 

Almanzor Mr.  Hall 

Oberon Mr.  De  Solla 

Puck Geraldine  Warren 

It  was  repeated  April  i.  Rose  Hersee  took  a  benefit  March  30, 
when  an  act  of  "II  Trovatore"  and  "The  Black  Domino"  formed 
the  bill.  "The  Bohemian  Girl"  closed  the  season,  matinee, 
April  2. 

Max  Strakosch  commenced  a  season  of  Italian  opera  April  19, 
with  Carlotta  Patti  as  his  prima  donna.  She  appeared  as  the 
Queen  of  Night,  in  "II  Flauto  Magico,"  supported  by  Herr 
Habelmann,  as  Tamino,  Herr  W.  Formes  as  Papageno,  Canissa 
as  Pamina,  Mile.  D'Zuiba  as  Papagena  and  Herr  Weigan  as 
Monostatos.  Theo.  Ritter  was  musical  director.  On  April  22, 
23i  25,  27,  matinee,  April  30,  "II  Flauto  Magico"  was  repeated; 

t#iQ3  ACADEMY  OF  MUSIC  65 

April   39,    ''Faust/'   with   Herren   Habelmann,    Formes,    Miles. 
Canissa  and  D'Zuiba  in  the  cast.     Patti  closed  the  season  April 
ja      The    Parepa-Rosa  company   reappeared   in   ''Don   Giovanni 
April   13,   16,  and  matin6e,  April  17;  "Oberon,"  evening,  April 
14;  Sig.  Albites  commenced  a  season  of  Italian  opera  April  16. 
His  principal  artists  were  Miss  Kellogg,  Gazzaniga,  Miss  Freda  di 
Gebol,   Brigpfioli,   Petrelli,  Sarti,  and  Fossati,  the  opening  opera 
being  *'I1  Trovatore.*'      Isabella  McCulloch  reappeared  as  Lady 
Henrietta  in  "Martha,'*  Clara  Perl,  contralto,  from  the  Imperial 
Opera   House,  Vienna,  on   the  same  occasion   making  her   New 
York  dihui  as  Nancy.     "Lucia"  was  sung  April  20  and  "Trova- 
tore,"  (matinee),  April  21.    In  the  evening  the  American  Musical 
Fund  Society  gave  a  concert.     Miss  Kellogg  and  Signor  Lefranc 
appeared  in  "  II  Poliuto,"  April  23,  and  April  24  Mrs.  Imogene  Brown 
nude  her  debut  in  opera  in  "  Un  Ballo.       Lefranc  was  ill,  and  his 
plice  was  taken  at  short  notice  by  Sig.  Phillippe.     "  II  Trovatore  " 
vas  repeated  April  25,  and  the  season  closed  with  a  matinee  April 
28  of  "  Linda."    Jenny  Willmore  took  a  benefit  April  28,  when  the 
following  was  the  programme :  "A  Morning  Call"  —  C.  Allerton 
u  Edward  Ardent  (first  appearance  in  America),  Mrs.   Chas.  Ed- 
BK>nds  as  Mrs.  Chillington;  Boucicault's  drama,  "The  Mad  Boy;" 
third  act  of  "Camille,"  with  Matilda  Heron  as  Camille,  Ida  Ver- 
non as  Xichette,  Ed  Thome  as  Armand,  and  John  Jack  as  Mons. 
DuvaL      Jenny   Hughes  sang   Killamey,  and   the  entertainment 
closed  with  Aaa  Harland  as  Pygmalion  in  the  burlesque  of  **  Pyg- 
malion,'* Lizzie  Willmore  as  Cupid,  Felix  Rogers  as  Cambyses, 
Kmily  and  Mary  Pitt  as  Venus  and  Psyche,  and  Jenny  Willmore 
IS  the  Statue. 

In  May,  1870,  I  resigned  my  position  as  dramatic  editor  of  TA4 
S'fw  York  Clif^pcr — which  place  I  held  from  Mav,  1863  —  to  em- 
bark in  the  dramatic  agency  business.     A  complimentary  benefit 
V2S  tendered   mc  by  all  the  managers  of  the  city  theatres,  also 
Charles   A.    Dana,  editor  of    The  Sun,  Joseph  Howard,  Jr.,  and 
George  Bartholomew,  editor  of   TAe  Daily  News.     The  affair  took 
place  at  this  house  afternoon  and  evening  of  May  31.     The  after- 
noon programme  was  this:  Hooley's  minstrels  in  a  first  part,  fol- 
lowed by  G.  Swaine  Buckley  (his  first  appearance  in  New  York  in 
ei^ht  years),  in  his  "Act  of  All  Acts,  or  Musical  Moments,"  in 
which  he  performed  on  twelve  different  instruments,  viz,  :  violin, 
concertina,   bones,  comet,  banjo,  Chinese  fiddle,  melophone,  zolo- 
phone,  guitar,  flageolet,  and  piccolo;  and  many  specialty  actors, 
closing   with   a   walk   around   by   one  hundred  and   twenty-three 
ainstrel  performers.     The  evening  programme  began  with  "Nan 
the  Good  for  Nothing:"  Nan,  Lotta;  Dribbles,  Robert  McWade; 
Mr.   Simpson,  W.   Chapman,   followed  by  an  olio  entertainment, 
many  specialty  acts,  and  the  farce    "Don't    Judge    by   Appear- 

*':>L  11—5 



ances:"  Diana,  Rose  Massey;  John  Plump,  O.  S.  Fawcett;  and 
others.  There  were  more  performers  on  the  stage  at  one  time 
than  ever  before  or  since  witnessed  in  America  in  a  first  part 
minstrel  scene.  In  the  walk  around  in  the  afternoon  there  ap- 
peared Dan  Bryant,  Dave  Reed,  Eugene  Unsworth,  G.  W.  Rocke- 
feller, Little  Mac,  Frank  Kerns,  Nelse  Seymour,  Tony  Pastor, 
Add  Ryman,  Cool  White,  Archy  Hughes,  Billy  Rice,  Cooper  and 
Fields,  John  Mulligan,  Billy  Emmett,  Johnny  Queen,  Bobby  New- 
comb,  Billy  West,  Johnny  Wild,  Sheridan  and  Mack,  Frank  Brower, 
Kelly  and  Leon,  S.  S.  Purdy,  and  many  other  prominent  per- 
formers. The  entire  orchestras  of  Kelly  &  Leon's,  Bryant's  and 
Hooley's  minstrels  appeared  in  the  afternoon.  The  receipts  were: 
Afternoon,  ^632.50;  evening,  ;^i8;  from  contributions,  ^285; 
making  the  gross  receipts,  ^1,835. 5a 

Dan  Bryant  had  a  benefit  June  2  and  the  programme  was :  First 
act  of  "Tne  Colleen  Bawn,"  with  this  cast: 

Myles  na  Coppaleen 
Father  Tom  . 
Kyrle  Daly  . 
Eily  .  .  . 
Anne  Chute  . 
Shelah      .     . 

.  .  Dan  Bryant 
.  W.  D.  SbieU 
Fred  Maeder 
Effie  Germon 
.  Bella  Pateman 
Marion  Mordaunt 

Danny  Mann 
Hardress  Cregan 
Corri^an    .    .    . 
Dennis     .     .     . 
Mrs.  Cregan 

W.  R.  Floyd 

.Oliver  Byron 

.    Dan  Mjrron 

G.  F.  Carlisle 

Carrie  Jamison 

Bryant's  Minstrels  were  seen  in  a  first  part;  Charles  Brooke,  the 
lawyer,  recited  ^'Shamus  O'Brien,"  and  the  performance  closed 
with  "Handy  Andy": 

Handy  Andy 
Squire  Egan 
Mr.  Murphy 
Dick  Dawson 
Mr.  Furlong . 

Dan  Bryant 

W.  D.  Shiels 

WUUe  Edouin 

I.  L.  Street 

Chas.  Newton 

Ed.  O'Connor 
Barney  .  . 
Oon^  .  . 
Mad  Nance  . 
Fanny  Dawson 

F.  G.  Carlisle 

Little  Mac 

.    Jennie  Hughes 

Mrs.  H.  Gocmrey 

.   Mary  Sayers 

A  benefit  occurred  June  8,  for  the  Masonic  Hall  and  Asylum 
Fund,  under  the  auspices  of  Raymond  Lodge,  No.  644  F.A.M. 
"Robert  Macaire"  was  acted,  with  Chas.  K.  Fox  as  Robert 
Macaire,  G.  L.  Fox  as  Jacques  Strop;  and  Fox's  pantomime 
company.  This  was  followed  by  a  musical  entertainment,  and 
concluded  with  "Sketches  in  India,*'  cast  thus: 

Tom  Tape  ....  Felix  Vincent 
Sir  Mattnew  Scraggs  .  .  .  John  Tacic 
Lady  Scraggs  .  Mrs.  £.  B.  Holmes 
Sallie  Scraggs     Mrs.  Claude  Hamilton 

Milton Jas.  Tighe 

Count  Glorieaux  .  .  Fred  Maeder 
Capt  Dorrington  .  Geom  A.  Archer 
Poplin Lizzie  Ms^on 

Clara  Louise  Kellogg  gave  a  concert  here  Oct.  8,  and  was 
assisted  by  F.  Filippi,  tenor;  A.  Randolfi,  baritone;  James  M. 
Wehli,  pianist ;  George  W.  Colby,  conductor,  and  the  members  of 
the  New  York  Philharmonic  orchestra,  under  the  conductorship 
of  Carl  Berg^ann. 

ityiD  ACADEMY  OF  MUSIC  67 

Janauschek  began  a  season  here  under  the  management  of 
Angustin  Daly»  Oct  10,  in  ''Deborah/'  which  was  repeated  Oct 
1 1. 12.  and  matin<e»Oct.  1 5 ;  Oct  13, 14/'  Mary  Stuart/'  and  Oct.  15, 
"Come  Home."  In  the  company  were  Walter  Montgomery,  Fred- 
eric Robinson,  Mark  Smith,  John  B.  Studley,  Fanny  Morant, 
George  F.  Devere,  A.  H.  Davenport,  James  Dunn,  Thomas  J. 
Hiod,  T.  F.  Egbert,  Fred  Munroe,  H.  R.  Rendle,  lone  Burke, 
Xellie  Mortimer,  Amy  Ames,  and  Mme.  De  les  Demiers.  Oct. 
17,  **  Macbeth  "  was  acted,  with  Walter  Montgomery  as  Macbeth, 
and  Janauschek  as  Lady  Macbeth.  Montgomery's  Macbeth  was  a 
ireat  performance. 

The  Strakosch  Italian  Opera  company  began  a  season  here  in 
December,  and   closed  Jan.    10,    1871,  with  ''Lucia,"  Christine 
Xilsson  in  the  title  rdle.     Barre  sang  Ashton;  Brignoli,  Edgardo; 
Coletti,  Raimondo;  and  Richardt,  Arturo.     The  George  Holland 
Testimonial  took  place  Saturday  afternoon  and  evening,  Jan.  21, 
ind  the  entertainment  was  as  follows:  Recitation,  ''The  Actor," 
Sidney  Woollett;   ballad,    Emma  Howson;  recitation,    Goethe's 
"  ErI-iCing, "  Mme.  Marie  Seebach;  piano  recital,  J.   M.  Wehli; 
RMnance,  Alberto  Lawrence ;  recitation,  "  The  Poor  Fl^^r  at  the 
(late/*  Geo.    Vandenhoff;    song,    "Loving  Hearts,"  Sig.     Ran- 
dolfi;    recitation,  "20,    30,  40,'   Mme.    Seebach;    polacca,  from 
''Mignon,"  Clara  Louise  Kellogg;  "A  Model  of  a  Wife,"  char- 
acters by  Chas.  Wheatleigh,  James   Rooney,  Sol   Smith,  Helen 
Tncy,  Georgie  (Dickson)  Rowe;   song  by  Sig.   Randolfi;  "The 
Buzards,*'  by  J.  B.  Curran  and  Wm.  Davidge,  J.  C.  Williamson, 
LcMiisa  Eldridge,  Marian  Mordaunt.     This  constituted  the  after- 
noon performance.     In  the  evening  the  programme  was  the  curse 
ictoe  from  "Deborah,"  by  Fanny  Janauschek;  the  forest  scene 
from  "Ingomar,"  Mr.  and  Mrs.   F.   B.   Conway  as  Parthenia  and 
lagomar;    recitation,  "The  Vagabonds,"  by  Frederic  Robinson; 
"  Lend   Me   Five  Shillings,"  with  Joseph   Jefferson,    Thos.    E. 
Morris,  James  Dunn,   Frank  Chapman,  J.  W.   Leonard,  J.  Peck, 
Effie  Germon,    and   Blanche  de   Bar   in   the    cast;    scenes   from 
"Hamlet,"  by  E  L.  Davenport,  Agnes  Ethel,  Mrs.  E.  L.  Daven- 
port, and  D.  C.  Anderson;  sleep  walking  scene  from  "Macbeth," 
by  Isabella  Glyn  (her  first  appearance  in  America),  E.  B.  Holmes, 
lod  Mrs.  L.  E.  Seymour;  "The  Latest  from  New  York,"  by  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Barney  Williams,  Sol  Smith,  and  Mr.   Peck;  "Box  and 
Ott."  by  Harry  Beckett,  Geo.  L.  Fox,  and  Mrs.  L.  E  Seymour. 
James   Schonberg   was  the  stage  manager.      The  receipts   were 

A  season  of  English  opera  began  Feb.  5,  1871,  with  "  Un  Ballo 
in  Maschera"  ("A  Masked  Ball "),  sung  for  the  first  time  in  Eng- 
lish in  New  York.  The  artists  were:  Parepa-Rosa,  Mme.  Vanzini 
(\'an  Zandt),  Clara  Doria,  Zelda  Seguin,  Mrs.  Cook,  Miss  Scho- 



field,  Castle,  Karl,  Whiffin,  Campbell,  Cook,  Seguin,  Hall,  Ryse, 
Bartleman.  A.  Dubreuil  was  stage  manager.  S.  Behrens  and  Carl 
Rosa  were  conductors.  This  opera  was  translated  expressly  for  the 
Parepa-Rosa  company,  and  was  produced  with  gorgeous  scenery 
and  costumes.     The  cast  was : 

Amelia Parepa-Rosa 

Ricardo Wm.  Castle 

Renato Aynsley  Cook 

Tom Ryse 

Oscar Mrs.  Van  Zandt 

Ulrica Mrs.  Sqjuin 

Samuel Hall 

Feb.  6,  ^'La  Gazza  Ladra"  ("Maid  and  the  Magpie")  was  sung 
for  the  first  time  in  English;  Feb.  7,  Mozart's  "Marriage  cS 
Figaro;"  Feb.  8  the  company  played  in  Brooklyn;  Feb.  9 
(matinee),  "The  Bohemian  Girl,"  with  Parepa-Rosa  as  Arline; 
Feb.  12,  Charles  Santley,  the  English  baritone,  made  his  operatic 
d^but  in  Herold's  "Zampa,  or  the  Marble  Bride."  In  the  cast 
were  Jennie  Van  Zandt,  Mrs.  Seguin,  Aynsley  Cook,  Karl,  and 
Whiffin;  Feb.  13,  "Don  Giovanni;"  Feb.  15  Santley  and  com- 
pany appeared  in  Brooklyn  in  "Zampa;"  Feb.  16  Zelda  Seguin 
took  her  first  benefit  in  New  York,  when  "Martha"  was  sung. 
The  season  closed  Feb.  17.  "II  Trovatore"  was  sung  Feb.  19^ 
with  Parepa-Rosa,  Gazzaniga,  Theo  Wachtel,  the  famous  German 
tenor,  and  Laurence  in  the  cast.  The  receipts  were  1^9, 20a  The 
prices  of  admission  were:  Orchestra  and  circle,  $$;  boxes,  $2$; 
gallery,  $2. 

Madame  Marie  Seebach  gave  two  farewell  performances  in 
America  here.  April  26  she  played  "Adrienne  Lecouvreur," 
and  "  Mary  Stuart "  April  28.  A  season  of  ten  subscription  nights  was 
announced  May  i.  "The  Martyrs"  was  revived  for  the  reappear- 
ance of  Clara  Louise  Kellogg,  and  the  d^but  of  Sig.  Villani  tenor; 
"  Severus  "  was  sung  by  Sig.  Regna,  baritone ;  May  3,  "  La  Travi- 
ata,"  when  Sig.  Caroselli,  a  new  tenor,  made  his  d^but.  He  pos- 
sessed a  voice  of  agreeable  quality  and  pure  when  not  forced,  but 
of  the  most  fragile  timbre.  Alberto  Laurence,  originally  intro- 
duced here  by  Parepa,  took  the  rdle  of  Germont;  May  8,  "Un 
Ballo  in  Maschera,"  with  Mile.  Tontanesi  as  Ulrica  (her  d€but)^ 
Mme.  States,  Sig.  Villani,  and  Sig.  Laurence  in  the  cast.  "  La 
Traviata  "  was  sung  (matinee)  May  7 ;  "  Rigoletto,"  May  15,  Parepa- 
Rosa  as  Gilda;  "Martha,"  Kellogg  as  Lady  Henrietta,  Sig.  Caro- 
selli as  Lionel,  Susini  as  Plunkett.  Dan  Bryant  took  his  annual 
benefit  June  8.     "The  Colleen  Bawn "  was  played  with  this  cast : 

Eily lone  Burke 

Father  Tom Mark  Smith 

Danny  Mann  .  .  .  .  W.  R.  Floyd 
Corrigan  ....  J.  C.  Williamson 
Hardress  Cregan    .    .  Theo.  Hamilton 

Mrs.  Cregan     ....    Mme.  Ponisi 

Anne  Chute Ida  Vernon 

Sheelah Mary  Wells 

K^le  Daly  ....     Owen  Marlowe 
A^les Dan  Bryant 




This  was  followed   by  Bryant's  Minstrels,  after  which  *' Barney 
tlie  Baron  "  was  acted. 

Professor  Herrmann,  the  magician,  came  Sept  15;  Wachtel 
sppemred  Sept  i&  Another  season  of  English  opera  by  Parepa- 
Rosa  was  commenced  Oct  2,  1871.  The  company  consisted  of 
Fvepa-Rosa,  Madame  Vanzini,  Clara  Doria,  Zelda  Seguin,  Mrs. 
Ajrnsley  Cook,  Miss  Schofield,  William  Castle,  Tom  Karl,  Thomas 
Whtffin,  S.  C.  Campbell,  Aynsley  Cook,  Gustavus  Hall,  Bartle- 
■an,  Edward  Seguin,  Ellis  Ryse,  A.  Dubreuil,  stage  manager; 
Carl  Rosa,  conductor.  Clara  Doria  was  the  daughter  of  the  Eng- 
lish oonposer,  John  Bamett,  who  had  made  a  reputation  under  a 
fbmga  name  in  Italy  and  Germany,  independent  of  her  father's 
celerity.  Tom  Karl  was  the  favorite  tenor  of  Italy.  His  last 
engagement  before  coming  to  America  was  at  the  Theatre  la 
Seals,  Milan,  where  Petrelia,  the  composer  of  "lone,"  chose  him 
for  Renzo  in  his  new  opera,  ''I  Promessi  Sposi."  The  following 
repertory  was  announced  by  the  management:  ''Anna  Bolena, 
''Gnxa  Ladra"("Maid  and  Magpie"),  ''Lucrezia  Borgia,"  ''Sa- 
tanella  "  (first  time  in  America  as  an  opera),  *'  Un  Ballo  in  Mas- 
cbera,^  ''Columella"  (first  time  in  America),  ''Lurline,"  and 
Chembini's  "The  Water  Carrier."  The  initial  opera  was  "The 
Dnogfater  of  the  Regiment,"  in  which  Tom  Karl  made  his  Ameri- 
can debut  as  Tonio.  Aynsley  Cook  as  the  Sergeant ;  Oct  4,  Clara 
Doria  made  her  American  d^but  as  Arline  in  "The  Bohemian 
'     Oct  9  "  Satanella"  was  produced  with  this  cast : 

CosBt  Rupert 

.  .  ClaraDoria 
.  .  Wm.  Castle 
Mrs.  Aynsley  Cook 
.  .  .  £.  Seguin 
.  .  .  G.HaU 
.    S.  C.  Campbell 

Ksii Thomas  WhiAn 

The  Vizier    ....     Mr.  Bartleman 
Bertha     .     .     .    Mrs.  Frank  Boudlnot 

First  Pirate Mr.  Kenross 

Satanella      ....    Mrs.  Van  Zandt 

The  opera  was  produced  with  a  completeness  of  detail  and  mis- 
schu  quite  unlooked  for.  I  can  recall  no  instance  where  an 
opera  has  been  more  richly  and  artistically  mounted  at  the  Acad- 
emy than  in  the  case  of  "Satanella.**  This  was  the  first  produc- 
tion this  opera  ever  had  in  this  city  in  its  entirety. 

"  Don  Giovanni "  was  sung  Oct.  16,  with  Mme.  Parepa-Rosa  as 
Donna  Anna,  Mme.  Vanzini  as  Zerlina,  Clara  Doria  as  Donna 
Elvira,  Tom  Karl  as  Don  Ottavio,  S.  C.  Campbell  as  Don  Gio- 
vanni, Aynsley  Cook  as  Leporello,  E.  Seguin  as  Masetto,  Ellis 
Ryse  as  Commendatore ;  Oct  17,  "Lucrezia  Borgia;*'  Oct.  18, 
*  jfaritana ; '*  Oct  19,  the  company  appeared  in  Brookl^  in 
•Satanella;**  Oct.  20,  "Don  Giovanni;"  Oct.  21  rmatm^), 
"Satanella."  With  the  performance  of  Mozart's  " Don  uiovanni " 
Ibe   Parepa-Rosa   company  concluded  the  most  brilliant  and  in 

the  most  truly  gratifying  season  of  opera  in  English 

70        A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D»7t 

whereof  record  has  been  made.  Parepa-Rosa,  aided  by  the  scholarly 
taste,  large  experience  and  remarkable  executive  ability  of  her 
husband,  accomplished  a  revolution  in  the  operatic  world.  An 
extra  performance  of  "  II  Trovatore  **  was  given  by  the  Parepa-Rosa 
company,  Oct.  21,  when  Wachtel,  who  had  been  singing  in  opera 
at  the  Stadt  Theatre,  appeared  here  as  Manrico,  Parepa-Rosa  as 
Leonora,  Gazzaniga  as  Azucena,  Laurence  as  Count  de  Luna,  and 
Hall  as  Fernando.  Some  idea  of  the  interest  excited  by  the  d6but 
of  Wachtel  at  the  Academy  and  the  simultaneous  appearance  of 
Parepa-Rosa  in  "  II  Trovatore  "  may  be  gathered  from  the  fact  that 
the  receipts  were  the  largest  ever  represented  at  the  Irving  Place 
house,  being  but  a  trifle  less  than  ^9,(xx>,  while  the  actual  amount 
disbursed  by  the  public  can  be  surmised  from  the  illustrative  inci- 
dent that  a  well-known  ticket  speculator  realized  nearly  one  thou- 
sand dollars  from  taking  the  chances  in  balcony  seats  and  boxes. 
Many  private  boxes  commanded  ^75  and  upward.  The  prices  of 
admission  were:  Boxes,  $$,  ^4,  $s  and  $2,  and  gallery  $1.  At 
7.30  o'clock  the  sale  of  admission  tickets  had  to  be  suspended 
The  performance  was  listened  to  with  profound  attention,  in  spite 
of  the  uncomfortable  pressure  felt  in  every  part  of  the  house.  A 
chorus  of  seventy  and  an  orchestra  of  sixty,  led  by  Carl  Rosa,  filled 
out  the  measure  of  an  evening's  enjoyment  that  must  remain  mem- 
orable to  all  who  were  lucky  enough  to  experience  it. 

Carl  Rosa  commenced  a  spring  season  of  Italian  opera  Oct  25 
with  the  d^but  of  Mile  Christine  Nilsson  in  "  Lucia  di  Lammer- 
moor.  '*  It  was  boldly  stated  that  the  mantle  of  Jenny  Lind  had 
fallen  upon  the  shoulders  of  her  fair  young  countrywoman,  and  that 
Nilsson  would  renew  the  triumphs  of  the  Swedish  nightingale. 
As  it  turned  out,  Nilsson' s  genius  was  pent  up  in  the  narrow 
limits  of  the  concert  room.  It  needed  the  larger  expanse  of  the 
lyric  stage  upon  which  its  first  efforts  had  been  made  —  its  first 
victory  achieved.  Her  voice,  although  it  contained  high  notes  of 
extraordinary  sweetness,  purity,  and  carrying  power,  was  justly 
found  somewhat  wanting  in  strength.  Her  mechanism  in  florid 
passages  was  imperfect,  and  her  style  at  times  uneasy  and 
vague,  as  if  the  idea  had  not  fully  ripened  in  the  artist's  brain. 
Strakosch  paid  her  ^1,000  a  night,  one-half  the  receipts  in  excess 
of  ^3,000  and  all  her  expenses  and  her  companion  from  the  time 
she  left  Paris  until  her  return  thereto. 

The  annual  benefit  of  the  Roman  Catholic  Orphan  Asylum  oc- 
curred Oct.  24.  It  was  under  the  direction  of  Augustin  Daly, 
and  the  programme  was  as  follows :  Afternoon,  the  comedy  called 
"California  Diamonds,"  cast  thus: 

Kerr  Mudgeon  .  .  .  Chas.  Foster 
Mrs.  Kerr  Mudgeon  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 
Mrs.  Danby  Squires  .    .     Polly  Booth 

Danby  Squires       .     .     Harry  Holmes 

Barney L.  R.  Willaid 

Betsey Anna  Mortimer 




This  was  followed  with  a  violin  solo  by  Sig.  Padovanni  and  an 
Irish  ballad  by  Emma  Howson.  **  London  Assurance  "  (third  act) 
followed : 

Danle John  Browham 

Cool Edmund  Pierce 

James W.  Beekman 

DoUy  Spanker  •    •     Owen  S.  Fawcetl 

Lkdj  Gaj  Spanker  .  Mrs.  John  Wood 
Sir  Harcoort  Courtley  W.  J.  Lemo3rne 
diaries  Courtley  -  •  Georspe  Clarke 
Grace  Harkaway  .  .  .  Mary  Carr 
Max  Harkaway      .    .  Gea  H.  Griffiths 

The  performance  closed  with  Dan  Bryant's  Minstrels  in  a  first 
part.  The  evening's  performance  commenced  with  '^  Taming  of 
the  Shrew,"  which  had  this  cast: 



.  .  Clara  Morris 
Emma  RawHnson 
Mrs.  Le  Bnin 
.  .  Looii  James 
•  Geo*  F.  Derere 
Owen  S.  Fawcett 
Al.  G.  Enos 

Biondello Frank 

Moiic  Master Chapman 

Nathaniel Stevens 

Gregory Jones 

Ad^ Thompson 

Ralph Williams 

The  Cook Webster 

Next  came  ''The  Day  After  the  Wedding: 


Col.  Freelove 
Lady  Elizabeth 

.     .  Neil  Warner 

Emma  Rawlinson 

Mrs.  Le  Brun 

Lord  Rivers  .  .  .  .  S.  C.  France 
James  .  •  .  .  Owen  S<  Fawcett 
Groom F.  Chapman 

This  was  followed  by  ''The  Returned  Volunteer: 

BiO  Wimams    .    .    .    W.  J.  Florence 

Betty  Parsons Jenny  Lee 

Ameua Fannie  Hsjrward 


Pickaninny  ....  Welsh  Edwards 

emes  Snudi  Henry  Montgomery 

rs.  Pickaninny  •    .      PhyQis  Glover 

Then  came  Tony  Pastor,  Jennie  Yeamans,  and  Sheridan  and  Mack 
in  songs,  Blanche  Selwyn  in  male  personations;  and  the  enter- 
tainment closed  with  "Box  and  Cox,"  W.  Davidgeas  Cox,  Edward 
Lamb  as  Box,  and  Miss  Griffiths  as  Mrs.  Bouncer.  Oct.  25  "II 
Barbiere"  was  given.  "Faust"  had  been  announced,  but  post- 
poned, in  consequence  of  Mile.  Nilsson's  hoarseness.  Mile.  Duval 
appeared  as  Rosina,  M.  Capoul  as  Almaviva,  Ronconi  as  Figaro, 
Barili  as  Basilio,  and  Coletti  as  Bartolo.  The  Amaranth  ama- 
teurs, of  Brooklyn,  acted  "She  Stoops  to  Conquer"  Oct.  30: 

Sir  Chas.  Marlow  ...      Mr.  Bestow 
Yoon^  Marlow  .     .     .     .  C.  Bamburgh 

HastingB S.  Edson 

Oki  Hardcastle      .    T.  E.  Hardenburg 
Tooy  Lampkio      .     .     .     John  Oakey 

"  Box  and  Cox  '*  followed,  with  Pope  as  Cox,  Whipple  as  Box,  and 
Miss  Hall  as  Mrs.  Bouncer.  The  entertainment  was  given  for 
charity,  and  tickets  were  sold  at  $2  each. 

Nov.  I  "  Martha "  was  sung,  when  Anna  Louise  Cary  made  her 

Diggory  .  .  . 
Kate  Hardcasde 
Miss  Neville  . 
Mrs.  Hardcastle 

.  G.  H.  Whipole 
.  .  Miss  Beadle 
.  .  Miss  AUen 
.  Mrs.  St  George 

72        A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Da?* 

d^but  M.  Jamet,  basso,  also  made  his  American  d^but;  Nov.  8 
Christine  Nilsson  appeared  as  Marguerite,  Capoul  as  Faust,  Barre 
as  Valentine,  Miss  Carey  as  Siebel,  Jamet  as  Mephistopheles, 
Miss  Cary  as  Martha,  and  Coletti  as  Wagner  in  the  opera  of 
"Faust."  Nov.  17  "La  Somnambula"  was  sung,  with  Mile. 
Cooney  as  Lisa,  Miss  Duval  as  Amina,  Capoul  as  Elvino,  and 
Sig.  Buongiomo  as  the  Count;  Nov.  22  "Mignon"  was  heard  for 
the  first  time  in  this  country.     The  cast  was : 


Laertes   > 

Giamo Collctti 


Mif^non Mile.  Nilsson 

Filina Mile.  Duval 

Frederic Mile.  Ronconi 

Wilhclm Capoul 

The  Metropolitan  ball,  in  honor  of  the  Grand  Duke  Alexis  of 
Russia,  took  place  Nov.  29.  "La  Traviata"  was  sung  Dec.  15, 
Nilsson  as  Violetta,  Capoul  as  Alfredo;  Dec.  14  "La  Fille  du 
Regiment "  and  fourth  act  of  "  La  Traviata "  were  given  for  the 
benefit  of  the  French  Benevolent  society;  Dec.  15,  "Lucia,"  and 
matinee,  Dec.  16,  "Fra  Diavolo;"  Dec.  20,  "II  Trovatore,"  Nils- 
son  as  Leonora,  Anna  Louise  Cary  as  Azucena,  and  Bartolini  as 
the  Count  The  season  closed  Jan.  10,  1872,  when  Nilsson  said 
farewell  in  the  rdle  of  Lucia.  Barre  appeared  as  Ashton,  Brignoli 
as  E^gardo,  Colletti  as  Raimonde,  Reichardt  as  Arturo.  Herr 
Johann  Strauss  made  his  New  York  d6but  March  4. 

Christine  Nilsson  began  her  farewell  season  in  New  York  with 
the  Strakosch  Italian  Opera  company  .  Since  the  days  of  Jenny 
Lind  no  singer  so  thoroughly  and  quickly  won  all  hearts  as  Nils- 
son,  and  succeeded  in  fascinating  large  and  brilliant  audiences 
wherever  she  performed.  Her  matchless  voice  and  lovely  per- 
sonality gathered  about  her  a  host  of  friends,  and  not  one  admirer 
of  standard  music  in  this  city  but  regretted  her  departure  from 
our  midst.  In  1888  she  acquired  the  title  of  Countess  de  Casa- 
Miranda  by  her  marriage  with  a  Spanish  nobleman  at  Madrid. 
She  possessed  light  blue  eyes,  flaxen  hair,  and  a  winning  smile, 
with  a  high  soprano  voice. 

On  April  i  an  Italian  opera  season  opened  for  twelve  subscription 
nights  with  "  II  Trovatore. "  It  was  the  Parepa-Rosa-Wachtel  com- 
bination, with  Santley,  Adelaide  Phillips  in  the  company.  In 
eighteen  performances,  including  one  in  Brooklyn,  the  receipts  were 
^122, OCX).  De  Vivo  was  the  manager.  Parepa- Rosa's  last  appear- 
ance in  this  city  was  April  30,  1872,  as  Valentina  in  "Les  Hugue- 
nots," Herr  Wachtel  being  the  Raoul,  and  Santley,  Conte  De  St 
Bris.  She  died  at  MaidaVale,  London,  England,  Jan.  22,  1874,  after 
a  brief  illness.  She  was  bom  in  Edinburgh,  Scotland,  in  1839. 
Under  her  mother's  fostering  care  she  became  an  apt  student,  and 
learned  to  speak  English,  French,  Italian,  German,  and  Spanish 
with  fluency.     When  eighteen  years  of  age  she  made  her  d^but  in 


imt  Malta,  singing  Amina  in  "La  Somnarobula."  In  the  early 
of  i860  she  first  sang  in  English  opera  with  the  Pyne  &  Har- 
1  troupe,  with  whom  she  continued  three  winters.  In  1863 
vas  married  to  Captain  Carril,  an  officer  of  the  East  India  ser- 
wbo  had  just  then  retired.  Seven  months  after  the  bridal 
be  went  to  Lima,  and  his  wife  never  saw  him  again,  as  he 
there  in  April,  1865.  The  issue  of  this  marriage  died  shortly 
its  birth,  and  the  mother,  to  divert  her  mind,  returned  to  the 
&  In  1865  she  was  engaged  by  H.  L.  Bateman  for  a  concert 
in  America,  and  made  her  first  appearance  on  this  side  of  the 
r  at  Steinway  Hall,  Sept.  11,  of  that  year.  After  two  success- 
oocert  seasons  in  this  country  she  married  Carl  August  Nicolas 
L  After  this  marriage  she  sang  for  two  seasons  in  English 
i«  and  for  some  weeks  in  Italian. 

Lfl  Rosa  came  to  America  with  Bateman's  company,  as  solo 
nist,  and  during  his  first  tour  in  the  United  States  he  met  and 
ied  Mroe.  Parepa,  who  was  the  prima  donna.  In  1869  the 
luiy  went  to  California  over  the  Isthmus  of  Panama,  retum- 
>v  coach  across  the  continent.  Carl  Rosa  died  at  Paris,  France, 
130,  1889. 

lis  house  was  reopened  Sept.  2,  for  the  farewell  of  the  Yokes 
ily.  "  Black  Eyed  Susan  "  and  "  Belles  of  the  Kitchen  *  were 
L  Among  the  volunteers  were  Charles  R.  Thome,  Welsh 
irds,  and  Harry  Josephs.  Mrs.  Macready  commenced  a  one 
:*s  engagement  Sept.  9.  She  appeared  as  Shylock  in  "The 
diant  of  Venice,*'  and  acted  it  four  evenings.  Friday  and 
rday  evenings,  Sept.  13  and  14,  she  played  Cardinal  Richelieu. 
The  Merchant  of  Venice"  she  acted  Shylock.  She  died  at 
(hall,  near  Utica,  N.  Y.,  Sept.  20,  1873. 
oline  Lucca  made  her  American  d^but  Sept.  30,  1872,  singing 
ca  in  "L'Africaine." 

le  dramatic  agency  business  has  been  attempted  by  a  great 
r  disappointed  actors,  in  New  York;  finding  their  "talent" 
hat  way  inclined,  they  soon  gave  it  up.  Wardle  Corbyn  was 
;>ioneer  dramatic  agent.  He  died  in  England,  Nov.  7,  1880. 
ras  the  father  of  "  Sherry  "  Corbyn.  Charles  Thomas  Parsloe, 
T  of  Charles  Parsloe,  Jr.,  was  the  next  one.  He  had  offices 
•  adjoining  the  Chambers  Street  Theatre  in  185a  He  after- 
smo\'ed  to  410  Broadway,  between  Walker  and  Canal  streets. 
May  I.  1859,  he  removed  to  429  Broadway,  comer  of  Howard 
ft.  In  May,  1861,  he  removed  to  15  East  Houston  Street.  His 
move  was  in  the  summer  of  1863,  to  14  West  Bleecker  Street, 
to  566  Broadway,  comer  of  Prince  Street.  He  died  in  this 
Sept.  12,  1870.  Thomas  Grattan  Riggs,  George  Thompson, 
fohn  Wild  opened  an  agency  on  the  second  floor  of  Military 
,  Bowery,  opposite  Spring  Street.     Harry  Cunningham  was 

74        A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D»7* 

the  next  one^  situated  on  the  east  side  of  Broadway  near  Bleecker 

Harry  Wall  and  "  Sherry  "  Corbyn  established  a  dramatic  agency 
on  the  west  side  of  Broadway,  between  Bleecker  and  Amity  Streets. 
They  called  it  the  International  Agency,  which  they  conducted 
for  about  two  years.  Mr.  Corbyn  retired  in  1867  and  Morris 
Simmonds  purchased  from  Wall  the  business,  and  with  Ben 
Lowell  opened  offices  at  609  Broadway.  In  1874  they  dissolved 
copartnership,  and  Mr.  Simmonds  removed  to  No.  10  Union 
Square,  where  he  remained  for  five  years. 

The  writer  of  this  was  the  next  dramatic  agent.  I  leased  the 
first  floor  of  the  building,  northwest  corner  of  Bleecker  Street  and 
Broadway,  and  began  business  May  i,  1870.  I  removed  to  718 
Broadway,  May  i,  1871,  where  I  remained  until  Nov.  28,  1872, 
when  the  building  and  Lina  Edwin's  Theatre  (located  directly  in 
the  rear),  were  destroyed  by  fire.  I  then  opened  at  9  West  Fourth 
Street,  and  remained  there  until  May  i,  1877,  when  I  left  the 
business  to  go  on  the  road  as  business  manager  for  Dion  Bouci- 
cault's  "Shaughraun"  company. 

Matt.  W.  Canning  and  Ben  Lowell  established  an  agency  on 
Broadway,  near  Amity  Street,  in  the  fall  of  1871.  J.  Alexander 
Brown  and  James  Barnes  next  came  into  the  field,  and  opened  an 
office  at  854  Broadway  (below  Fourteenth  Street),  May  15,  1877. 
They  continued  nearly  two  years,  when  Mr.  Barnes  retired  from 
the  business,  and  Mr.  Brown  removed  to  Fourth  Avenue  and 
Fourteenth  Street. 

Mrs.  Fernandez  started  an  agency  for  children,  east  side  of 
Broadway,  below  Thirtieth  Street.  She  next  moved  to  north  side 
of  Thirtieth  Street  near  Broadway,  and  her  next  move  was  to  the 
Holland  Building,  Broadway  and  Fortieth  Street. 

Charles  R.  Gardiner  opened  an  agency  for  a  brief  term  at  12 
Union  Square.  John  Sandford  had  a  variety  agency  on  the  north- 
east comer  of  Amity  and  Mercer  streets  for  several  years.  Harry 
Wall  took  a  lease  of  an  office  in  the  Union  Square  Hotel,  Union 
Square  and  Fifteenth  Street,  and  Martin  W.  Hanley  became  asso- 
ciated with  him  for  a  few  months. 

J.  J.  Spies  and  Harry  Smart  bought  out  C.  R.  Gardiner's  inter- 
est at  12  Union  Square,  and  afterwards  removed  to  Broadway,  above 
Seventeenth  Street.  Mr.  Smart  withdrew  from  the  business  about 
two  years  afterwards,  and  Mr.  Spies  continued  alone. 

On  May  7,  1879,  I  became  a  partner  with  Morris  Simmonds  and 
opened  offices  at  863  Broadway  above  Seventeenth  Street,  remov- 
ing May  I,  188 1,  to  1,166  Broadway,  above  Twenty-seventh 
Street.  Here  we  remained  until  April  25,  1889,  when  we  removed 
to  the  Broadway  Theatre  building.  Forty-first  Street  and  Broad- 
way.   We  next  removed  to  Broadway  and  Thirtieth  Street,  April 


20,  1893.  Morris  Simmonds  died  in  this  city,  May  20,  1896,  and 
I  moved  to  1,358  Broadway,  southwest  comer  of  Thirty-sixth 
Street,  April  27,  1898.  The  writer  is  at  present  the  oldest  dramatic 
agent  living  in  point  of  service.  Mrs.  Beaumont  Packard  was  the 
next,  after  whom  came  R.  A.  Roberts  and  Thomas  Egbert ;  then 
John  Ince  and  R.  A.  Roberts,  after  whom  came  the  Actors' 
Society,  with  a  dramatic  agency  of  their  own.  Maze  Edwards 
opened  a  musical  agency  at  41  Union  Square  in  the  summer  of 
1887.  The  first  '*  booking  agency  "  was  opened  by  Joseph  Brookes 
and  James  Dickson,  at  44  West  Twenty-third  Street.  "Book- 
ing agents"  are  men  who  obtain  "dates  '*  for  "combinations  "  and 
"stars  "  at  the  theatres  throughout  the  country. 

Charles  Frohman  and  W.  W.  Randall  opened  a  booking  agency 
at  1,225  Broadway,  below  Thirtieth  Street,  summer  of  1887.  Mr. 
Randall  withdrew  in  the  winter  of  1888-89,  and  Mr.  Frohman 
continued  alone,  until  he  was  joined  by  Arthur  Miller. 

Wm.  R.  Hayden,  N.  D.  Roberts  and  James  B.  Dickson  opened  an 
agency  at  1,162  Broadway,  above  Twenty-seventh  Street,  in  the 
summer  of  1887.  The  next  to  embark  in  the  business  was  the 
Actors'  Fund,  which  established  a  theatrical  registry  in  1885.  J. 
L  Saphore  was  put  in  charge  of  the  business. 

Klaw  and  Erlanger  bought  out  Harry  Taylor,  who  had  an 
^ency  on  Fourteenth  Street,  between  Fifth  and  Sixth  avenues 
and  established  themselves  in  Thirtieth  Street,  near  Broadway, 
and  finally  removed  to  the  Holland  Building,  Broadway  and  For- 
tieth Street. 

A  benefit  for  the  relief  of  the  company  and  attaches  of  the 
Baraum  Circus  (which  had  been  burned   out)  occurred  Jan.    7, 
1873.     The  Lydia  Thompson  Burlesque  company  began  a  week's 
engagement  May  5.      The  following  was  the  repertory:   "Blue 
Beard,"  "Kenil worth,"  "Lurline,"  "Robin   Hood,"  and   "Alad- 
din."    A  matinee  performance  for  the  benefit  of  the  Foundling 
Asylmn  in  charge  of  the  Sisters  of  Charity  was  given  on  June  12, 
under  the  direction  of  Augustin  Daly.      "  Hamlet  "  was  played 
with  this  cast:   Hamlet,   C.    Fechter;   Polonius,    Geo.    Griffith; 
First  actor,  Chas.  Wheatleigh;  Guildenstem,  Geo.  Devere;  The 
Qoeen,   Mrs.  E.   L.   Davenport;   King,  Milnes   Levick;   Rosen- 
crmtz,  B.  T.  Ringgold.     "As  You  Like  It"  followed,  by  Ade- 
laide Neilson  and  her  company;   "A  Regular  Fix"   by  E.  A. 
Sothem,  Davidge,  and  others;  "Madelein  Morel"  (third  act)  by 
Daly's  company;  "Humpty  Dumpty  "  by  Geo.  L.  Fox  and  others, 
and  Bryant's  Minstrels.      The  receipts  reached  nearly  $10,000. 
At  an  auction  sale  of  the  private  boxes,  Albert  Weber,  the  piano 
iDaker,  bought  one  of  the  lower  proscenium  boxes,  paying  $8oa 

Tomaso  Salvini,   with  an  Italian  company,  made    his  Ameri- 
can (Kbut  Sept.    16,  under  the  management  of  Maurice  Grau, 

76         A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Ci»73 

in  ''Othello,"  supported  by  Alessandro  Salvini  as  lago;  Sept. 
20-22  he  played  "Ingomar;"  Sept  23,  "La  Morte  Civile" 
was  announced,  but  in  consequence  of  not  being  ready  the  house 
was  closed,  and  reopened  Sept.  24,  with  '*  Othello ; "  Sept.  26 
''La  Morte  Civile"  was  acted  for  the  first  time  in  America; 
matinee,  Sept.  27,  "Othello;"  Oct.  2,  "Hamlet,"  for  the  first 
time  in  America;  "Hamlet"  was  repeated  Oct  4;  "Francesca 
da  Rimini,"  with  Salvini  as  Paoli,  for  the  first  time  in  America; 
"The  Gladiator  "  was  given  Oct.  9;  matin6e,  Oct  11,  he  acted  with 
his  company  at  Wallack's  Theatre  (Broadway  and  Thirteenth 
Street)  in  "Othello;"  Oct.  14,  "The  Gladiator"  at  the  Acad- 
emy; Oct  16,  "Othello;"  at  Wallack's  Theatre;  matinee,  Oct. 
18,  "David  Garrick."  Salvini  gave  four  performances,  as  follows: 
Oct.  21,  "David  Garrick;"  matinee,  Oct.  22,  Union  Square  Thea- 
tre; Oct  23,  Academy,  "Othello;"  matin6e,  Oct  25,  "Hamlet," 
at  the  Lyceum  Theatre. 

Strakosch  commenced  a  season  of  Italian  opera  Sept.  29,  with 
"La  Traviata,"  Victor  Capoul  and  Sig.  Del  Puente  in  the  cast 
Mile.  Maresi  made  her  American  d6but  Oct.  i,  as  did  Sig.  Italo 
Campanini  as  Genarro  in  "Lucrezia  Borgia."  Anna  Louise  Gary 
appeared  for  the  first  time  in  the  rdle  of  Maffeo  Orsini,  Sig.  Nan- 
netti  (first  appearance  in  America)  as  the  Duke.  M.  Maurel  made  -s 
his  New  York  d6but  Oct.  3,  as  Valentino  in  "  Faust "    Oct  6  was 

the  joint  appearance  of  Christine  Nilsson  and  Campanini  in  "  Lucia 

di    Lammermoor;"  Oct   8  Nilsson  appeared  in  "II  Trovatore;"^ 
Oct    10  she  sang  Marguerite  in  "Faust"  Oct.   13  she  appeared, 
in   "Mignon,"  and   the   season   closed    (matinee)    Dec.    6    witb 

Maurice  Strakosch  died  at  Paris,  Oct.  9,  1887.  He  came  to 
America  in  1848,  as  manager  of  the  Salvatore  Patti  company,  and 
appeared  in  concert  in  this  city  Oct.  2  of  that  year.  He  married 
Amalia  Patti,  sister  of  Adelina.  He  was  Adelina  Patti's  manager 
in  all  her  concert*  tours  from  that  time  until  her  marriage  with  the 
Marquis  of  Caux.  His  opera  "Don  Giovanni  di  Napoli"  was 
sung  in  this  city  in  1857.  He  played  in  concerts  throughout  the 
United  States  with  Ole  Bull.  He  was  the  impresario  of  Chris- 
tine Nilsson,  of  Carlotta  Patti,  Mario,  Mme.  Gabrielle  Kraus,  and 
Marie  Heilbron.  He  was  manager  at  Paris,  Vienna,  and  Rome, 
and  with  Albert  FischhoflF  "discovered"  Sigfried  Amoldson,  a 
Swedish  singer,  and  Miss  Nikita,  fourteen  years  of  age,  whom 
he  regarded  as  a  second  Patti. 

Tomaso  Salvini  reappeared  Dec.  8,  1873,  and  acted,  for  the  first 
time  in  this  city,  Orosmanes  in  "  Zaira. "  "  Samson  "  was  given  (first 
time  here)  Dec.  10;  "David  Garrick,"  Dec.  12;  "Samson,"  mati- 
nee, Dec.  13;  and  his  fiftieth  performance  in  America  took  place 
Dec.  15,  for  his  benefit,  when  "Othello"  was  acted.     "Samson/* 




given  Dec  17.  Signorina  Piamonti,  Salvini's  leading  lady, 
took  a  benefit  Dec  19,  when  "  Elizabeth,  Queen  of  England/'  was 
given,  Salvini  as  Robert,  Earl  of  Essex,  and  Piamonti  as  Eliza- 
beth. This  same  bill  was  repeated  (matinee)  Dec  20,  when  Sal- 
vini closed  his  engagement 

Max  and  Maurice  Strakosch  gave  three  evenings  and  one  matinee 
ol  Italian  opera,  as  follows:  Dec  24,  ''Les  Huguenots,"  Christine 
Nilsson  as  Valentina,  Anna  Louise  Cary,  Campanini,  and  Del 
Paente  in  the  cast;  Dec  25,  ''Aida;"  Dec  26,  ''Lucia  di  Lam* 
mennoor,"  Victor  Capoul  as  Edgardo,  for  the  first  time  in  this 
city,  and  "Alda,"  matinee,  Dec  27. 

Tbe  Kellogg  English  Opera  company,  under  C.  D.  Hess  and 
Maurice  Grau's  direction,  began  an  engagement  here  Jan.  21, 
1874,  in  "Lucia,"  which  they  followed  with  "Martha,"  "Mari- 
tina,"  "The  Bohemian  Girl,"  "The  Marriage  of  Figaro,"  "Rigo- 
Ictto,"  and  "Faust,"  when  the  season  closed 

The  Strakosch  Italian  Opera  company  reappeared  Feb.  23  with 
the  announced  farewell  appearance  in  America  of  Christine  Nils- 
100,  Mile  Torriani,  Maresi,  Annie  Louise  Cary,  Signors  Capoul, 
Campanini,  M.  Maurel,  Del  Puente,  Scolari,  Nannetti;  E.  Muzio, 
conductor.  "Lucia"  was  sung  Feb.  23-27;  "Mignon,"  Feb.  25; 
-Aida"  (matinee),  Feb.  28;  "Mignon,"  March 2,  7;  "  Aida,"  March 
4;  "11  Trovatore,"  March  6;  "Les  Huguenots,"  March  9^  The 
first  representations  in  America  of  "  Lohengrin  "  were  given  with 
this  cast,  March  23-25 : 

Qu Nilsson 

Ortrvb Anna  L.  Cary 

tobcnpin Campanini 

Henry  . 

Del  PuenU 


King's  Herald Blum 

On  March  26  a  charity  benefit  performance,  "La  Fille  de 
Ibdame  Angot "  ("  The  Daughter  of  Mme.  Angot ")  was  pre- 
lented  with  this  cast: 

Ourette  An^^ot  ....  Mane  Airoee 

Mile.  Lange .Mile.  Stani 

Aaanntbe     .     .     .     .Mile.  Cantrelle 

Jinxte Mile.  Gerzey 

Crdilite Mile.  Juteau 

lAle  du  Condray   .     .       Mile.  Duplan 

HcTftilie Mile.  Vandame 

fiibet Mile.  Perant 

MaaoB      ....      Mile.  Deschamps 

Tb^ibe Mile.  Nardin 

Herbelin Marie  Nardin 

Asfe  PitoQ  ....       Mons.  Juteau 

Trenitx     .     .     . 
Pomponnet  .     . 
Louchard      .     . 
Cadet       .     .     . 
Buteux     .     .     . 
Guillaume    .     . 
Un  Encroyable 
Un  OfBcier  .     . 
Un  Cabaretier  . 
Musical  Conductor 

Mons.  Duchesne 

Mons.  Lecujrer 

Mons.  Deschamps 

Mons.  Dupon 

Mons.  Benedick 

.    Mons.  Tulien 

Mons.  >fardin 

Mons.  Salvator 

Mons.  Davalis 

Mons.  Perrmolt 

.  C.  Van  Ghele 

The  lima  Di  Murska  Italian  Opera  company  commenced  a 
week's  stay  April  6,  when  "  La  Somnambula  "  was  given,  Di  Murska 
IS  Amina;  April  8  "Linda  di  Chamounix  "  was  sung;  April  10^ 



"Dinorah;"  and  matinee,  April  ii,  "Martha."  Professor  Herr- 
mann (the  younger)  reappeared  in  America  May  ii.  A  matinee 
performance,  Oct  20,  was  given  for  the  Foundling  Hospital  and 
the  attraction  was  "  School  for  Scandal "  (fourth  act) ;  Fred 
Maccabe,  ventriloquist;  the  Bent  Bros,  in  cornet  solo;  "The 
Sphinx,"  by  the  Union  Square  Theatre  company;  "Partners  for 
Life,"  by  Wallack's  Theatre  company;  Harrigan  and  Hart,  and 
"The  Critic  "  by  Daly's  company.  The  season  closed  May  4,  with 
a  benefit  to  Capoul.  Max  Strakosch  took  a  benefit  May  5.  Char- 
lotte Cushman  gave  a  reading  May  30  for  the  benefit  of  the  Shelter- 
ing Arms.     Salvini  gave  a  performance  of  "  Othello  "  June  22. 

The  regular  season  of  Italian  opera  opened  Sept.  28  with  "  La 
Traviata,"  Marie  Heilbron  as  Violetta,  Benfratelli  as  Alfredo,  Del 
Puente  as  Germont;  "  Aida"  was  sung  Sept.  30;  "Faust,"  Oct.  2, 
10;  "II  Trovatore,"  Oct.  5,  Vittona  Potentini  as  Leonora,  Anna 
Louise  Cary  as  Azucena,  Carlo  Carpi  as  Manrico,  Del  Puente  as 
Count  di  Luna,  Scolaroas  Ferrando;  "La  Figliadel  Reggimente," 
Oct.  7,  and  "  Alda,"  Oct  9.  Emma  Albani  made  her  American 
d6but  Oct.  21,  as  Amina  in  "La  Somnambula;"  Nov.  9  she  sang 
in  "Ernani."  Verdi's  ** Requiem  Mass"  was  given  for  the  first 
time  in  America  Nov.  17. 

C.  D.  Hess  commenced  a  brief  season  of  English  opera  Jan.  25, 
187s,  with  Kellogg,  in  "II  Trovatore,"  Miss  Beaumond  (first  ap- 
pearance in  New  York)  as  Azucena,  William  Carleton  as  Count  di 
Luna,  Hamilton  as  Ferrando,  Joseph  Maas  as  Manrico.  "  Mignon  " 
was  rendered  Jan.  29  for  the  first  time  in  English.  "The  Talis- 
man," by  Balfe,  was  given  for  the  first  time  in  America  Feb.  la 
E.  Muzio  took  a  benefit  March  5,  when  "  Lohengrin  "  and  a  con- 
cert were  presented. 

The  Kellogg  troupe  reappeared  March  29  for  one  week.  Max 
Maretzek  pr^uced  "L'Ombra"  ("The  Shadow")  April  9,  la 
The  cast  was:  Adelaide  Randall,  Gina;  Tagliapietra,  Mironet; 
Miss  M.  HofiFman,  Vespina;  Benfratelli,  Fabrizio.  Mile.  G. 
Morali  made  her  d^but  April  21  as  Ernani. 

The  benefit  for  the  family  of  the  late  Dan  Bryant  took  place 
April  29,  1875,  and  the  receipts  were  ^1,918.50.  The  programme 
was  * 


Gerald  Fitzmaurice  John  Brougham 
Mr.  Clover  ....  Welsh  Edwards 
Hugh  Savage  .  .  .  C.  Burroughs 
Charles  Qover  .     .     .    .   C.  Rockwell 

Grip C.  CoUins 

Servant O.  Montague 

Agnes  Clover     ....      Ada  Monk 
Lucy  Clover  .     .    .     Miss  A.  Leonard 

This  was  followed  by :  "  It  is  the  Custom  of  the  Country,  or  Yan- 
kee Help"  —  Melissa,  with  Yankee  song,  Mrs.  Barney  Williams;  Mrs.  Pliant 
Manners,  Mary  Wells;  Milly  Manners,  Meta  Bartlett;  Mr.  Pliant  Manners, 
Welsh  Edwards;  Mortimer  Sparkle,  James  J.  Bartlett;  Frank  J.  R.  Davis. 
After  this  was  given 


-SIMPSON  &  CO." 
Mn.  John  Drew 

BfoiBky.    .    .     Kitty  Blanchard 
BBe  La  Ti 

Madnse  La  Tnppe  .    .  Fanny  Morant 
MSB.  FitaDen      .    .    .    Rote  Massey 

Mr.  Simpson  ....  Franlc  Mackay 

Mr.  Bromley G.  F.  Rowe 

Foster F.  W.  Sanger 

Servant C.  W.  CoUins 

FoDoved  by  the  second  and  third  acts  of  Flotow's  new  opera,  **  L'Ombra**  — 
Ciaa.  Adelaide  Randall;  Vespina,  Miss  M.  Hoffmann ;  Fabrizio, Sig.  Benfratetti ; 
Minot,  Sif .  Tagliapietra.  The  performance  to  condade  with  a  minstrel  enter- 
tiliBnH  k^  Dan  Bryant's  Minstrels,  in  which  W.  Dwyer,  Dave  Reed,  W.  Ray- 
•oad.  J.  W.  McAndrews,  C  Templeton  and  J.  J.  Kelly  appear. 

"  Amoi  Clarke  "  was  acted  here  June  10  by  a  dramatic  company, 
and  Mn.  Geo.  Rignold  {nit  Maria  Henderson)  made  her  American 

The  Kiralfy  Brothers  appeared  here  Aug.  28,  with  "Around  the 
World  in  Eightv  Days."  Owen  Marlowe  acted  Phineas  Fogg; 
Harry  Rainfortht  Passepartout;  Minnie  Conway,  Aouda;  John 
W.  Jennings,  Fix;  Alex.  Fitzgerald,  O'Pake;  Dora  Goldthwaite, 
Nemea;  and  Kate  Fraser  Fox,  Nakahira.  Owen  Marlowe  made  his 
hit  appearance  on  the  New  York  stage  Sept.  1 1,  1875,  as  Phineas 
Fogg.  He  then  went  to  the  Globe  Theatre,  Boston,  and  was  a 
Boaber  of  that  company  up  to  the  time  of  his  death.  He  made 
hii  last  appearance  on  the  stage  in  the  Academy  of  Music, 
Chelsea,  Mass.,  April  i,  1876,  acting  Talbot  Champneys  in  ''Our 
Boys.**  He  died  May  19  of  that  year,  in  the  Massachusetts  General 
Hospital,  Boston. 

The  opera  season  began  Oct.  18,  with  "Les  Huguenots," 
Wachtel  as  Raoul,  and  Mme.  Pappenheim  as  Jeannette.  Emma 
Kerster,  Bruno  Guenzburger,  Adolph  Fanosch,  Josef  Fassben- 
der,  and  Julius  Milden  were  also  in  the  cast.  Wachtel  appeared 
Oct  20  as  Cbaplon  in  "  Le  Postilion  de  Lonjumeau;"  Oct. 
15,  "The  Jewess"  ("La  Juive")  was  sung;  Nov.  4  benefit  of 
tbe  Roman  Catholic  Orphan  Asylum  was  given.  The  season 
doied  Dec.  4. 

Mile  Terese  Tietjens  made  her  first  appearance  in  Italian  opera 
in  America  Jan.  24,  1876,  as  Norma,  Miss  Beaumont  as  Adelgisa, 
Sig.  Baccie  (first  appearance  in  New  York)  as  Pollio,  Sig.  Rajna 
tt  Oroveso.  Brignoli  (after  an  absence  of  three  years)  appeared 
jaiL  31,  as  Genarro  in  ''Lucrezia  Borgia."  Tietjens  appeared  as 
Leonora  in  ''La  Traviata,"  Feb.  11,  for  the  first  time  in  America; 
Feb.  14,  ''II  Barbiere  di  Seviglia,"  with  Adelaide  Phillips  as 
Koftina,  Signorina  Lamberti  (first  appearance)  as  Rosta,  Tom  Karl 
»  Almaviva,  Ferranti  (first  appearance)  as  Figaro.  The  season 
ckaed  Feb.    19^ 

Clara  Louise  Kellogg  commenced  with  an  English  opera  com. 

8o         A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D»7< 

pany  Feb.  28,  1876,  in  "Martha."  "The  Star  of  the  North"  hac 
its  first  representation  here  in  English,  March  3,  Kellogg  as  Cat 
tarina;  Mme.  Julia  Rosewald  (first  appearance).  Miss  Lancaster] 
Conly,  Peakes,  Allen,  and  Maas  were  in  the  company.  Thej 
closed  March  11,  with  "The  Rose  of  Castile." 

The  French  company  opened  for  three  nights  March  21.  Eu- 
genie Pappenheim  made  her  d^but  in  Italian  opera  April  7,  af 
Violetta,  in  "La  Traviata."  Terese  Tietjens  took  her  farewell 
benefit  April  10,  when  selections  were  given  from  Italian,  Ger* 
man,  and  English  operas.  Anna  de  Bolocca  made  her  Americai 
d^but  April  17,  as  Rosina,  in  "II  Barbiere  di  Seviglia,"  with  Ton 
Karl  as  Almaviva.  "Cinderella,"  by  children,  for  the  benefit  oi 
the  Women's  Centennial  Union,  was  given  (matinee),  April  2a 
The  season  closed  April  26,  when  Anna  de  Bolocca  appeared  ai 
Mignon  for  the  first  time  in  America.  Fanny  Kellogg  thcr 
made  her  first  appearance  on  any  stage  as  Filina. 

A  performance  of  "  Hamlet "  took  place  April  24,  with  the 
Count  Joannes  as  the  melancholy  Dane.  The  house  was  the 
scene  of  unprecedented  confusion  and  excitement,  noise,  ridicule, 
and  laughter.  There  were  about  one  thousand  persons  present 
who  were  resolved  to  be  amused,  and  although  mischievous  enough, 
they  were  good-natured,  applauded  ironically,  condemned  kindly^ 
encouraged  insincerely,  recalled  the  Ghost  cruelly.  The  house  waj 
convulsed  with  incessant  laughter.  Instead  of  bouquets,  footi 
stools  were  thrown  on  the  stage.  So  exuberant  were  the  auditoa 
that  Count  Joannes  advanced  to  the  footlights,  just  before  thi 
fencing  scene  in  the  fifth  act,  and  said :  "  Remember,  this  is  tl^ 
Academy  of  Music.  Prove  yourselves  gentlemen."  The  coi» 
pany  was  about  the  worst  ever  collected,  and  seemed  to  have  per- 
sonal grievances  against  Shakespeare.  So  far  as  the  Count  was 
concerned,  those  that  came  to  scoff  remained  to  praise,  for  his 
performance  of  Hamlet  possessed  intelligence,  sincerity,  earnest- 
ness, and  gentleness,  and  there  was  nothing  in  his  personation 
that  deserved  ridicule.  He  acted  as  a  scholar,  and,  in  despite  of 
much  provocation,  behaved  himself  as  a  gentleman.  Blanche 
Osborne  was  the  Ophelia. 

A  season  of  English  opera  commenced  June  5,  with  Jeffries  & 
Co.  as  the  managers.  The  occasion  was  the  d^but  of  Gertrude 
Corbett  as  Norma.  Alice  Hosmer  as  Adelgisa,  Christine  Fritsch 
as  Pollio,  Alcain  Blum  as  Oroveso ;  Caryl  Florio  was  conductor. 
The  "  season  "  terminated  June  8.  On  July  8  a  benefit  was  given 
for  the  Central  Dispensary  of  this  city.  George  Rignold  came  all 
the  way  from  San  Francisco,  Cal.,  to  play  Romeo,  and  he  returned 
to  that  city  in  time  to  sail  July  16  for  Australia.  He  travelled 
a  distance  of  nearly  7,cxx)  miles  to  keep  his  word  for  charity. 
"Romeo  and  Juliet"  was  acted,  with  this  cast: 

ttfT3  ACADEMY  OF  MUSIC  8 1 

G«o.  Rignold  j  Juliet Sara  Jewett 

Mane Mary  Wells  <  Lady  Capulet      .     .     Mrs.  H.  Weaver 

Balthasar H.  J.  Hayward 

McrcQtio Louis  Aldricb 

Friar  Lawrence  .     .     .  .     H.  Weaver 

BcflvoBo H.  B.  Bradley 

Capalet G.  B.  Waldron 

Apothecary    ....    Chas.  Bansley 

Page Kate  Livingstone 

Peter J.  M.  Herbert 

Tybalt E.  K.  Collier 

Paris James  H.  McGee 

A  season  of  Italian  opera  commenced  Oct  2,  with  ''Norma." 
Mme.  Maria  Palmieri  made  her  New  York  d^but,  and  it  was  also 
the  first  appearance  in  this  city  of  Persiani  as  Adelgisa;  Sig. 
Rdmieri  was  the  Pollione;  Conly  made  his  first  appearance  in 
Italian  opera  as  Oroveso.  The  season  terminated  Oct.  7.  Marie 
Aimee  appeared  Oct.  23  in  ''La  Jolie  Parfumeuse/'  which  was 
repeated  Oct.  24  and  (matinee)  Oct.  25.  She  also  introduced  her 
English  song  and  dance,  "Pretty  as  a  Picture."  "La  Fille  de 
Mme.  Angot"  was  given  Oct  25.  The  Roman  Catholic  Orphan 
Asylum  had  a  benefit,  afternoon  and  evening,  Nov.  26.  The  attrac- 
tion was  "The  Two  Orphans,"  "Forbidden  Fruit,"  "Jenny  Lind." 
"The  Irish  Lion,"  Kelly  &  Leon's  Minstrels,  Harrigan  and  Hart 
and  several  specialty  artists.  A  concert  season  opened  Nov.  27, 
voder  the  management  of  James  W.  Morrissey,  with  Theo.  Thomas' 
orchestra;  Emma  Thursby,  Mme.  Gulager,  Anna  Drasdil,  Brig- 
Boli,  Chas.  Fritsch,  Ferranti,  Madeline  Schiller,  Carreno  Sauret, 
Gn^ve  Satter,  and  S.  B.  Mills  were  the  artists.  A  performance 
00  Thanksgiving  night  was  for  the  benefit  of  the  new  Church  of 
St  Agnes. 

The  Clara  Louise  Kellogg  English  Opera  company  commenced 
Jin.  23.  1877,  in  "The  Bohemian  Girl;"  Jan.  24,  "Faust;"  Jan. 
KS.  27,  ^ first  times  in  English),  "The  Flying  Dutchman;"  Jan.  29, 
•Martha;"  Jan.  31.  "The  Star  of  the  North;"  Feb.  6,  "Lucia;" 
Feb.  9,  "Mignon,"  and  closed  (matinee)  Feb.  10,  with  "Faust." 
The  organization  consisted  of  Clara  Louise  Kellogg,  Julia  Rose- 
wald,  Joseph  Maas,  Geo.  A.  Conly,  C.  H.  Turner,  Zelda  Seguin, 
William  Carleton,  Henry  Peakes,  Edward  Seguin,  Cayla,  Holland, 
Tims,  Misses  Lancaster  and  Howard.  What  was  termed  a  Wagner 
festival  commenced  March  12,  under  the  management  of  J.  C. 
Fryer,  with  "The  Flying  Dutchman,"  Eugenie  Pappenheim  as 
Senta,  Miss  Cooney  as  Mary,  Christine  Fritsch  as  Eric,  Felix 
Preusser  as  Daland,  A.  Blum  as  the  Flying  Dutchman;  March  14 
"Lohengrin"  was  sung,  with  the  American  d^but  in  opera  of  G. 
Werrengrath  as  Lohengrin.  Clara  Pou  joined  the  company. 
*Tbe  Flying  Dutchman  "was  repeated  March  16;  "Lohengrin" 
(matinee)  March  17;  "  Tannhauser "  was  sung  March  19,  21,  23. 
•Die  Walkiire"  was  given  April  2  for  the  first  time  in  America, 
and  with  this  cast : 
woi.  II.  — 6 

82        A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D»77 

Bruimhilde     .    .  Eugenie  Pappenheim 
Sieglinde    ....     Pauline  Canissa 

Siegmund A.  BiscbofiE 

Wotan Felix  Preusser 

Fricka Mme.  Listner 

Gerhilde Frida  de  Gebel 

Hundling A.  Blam 

The  festival  closed  April  3.     Adolph  Neuendorff  was  musical 

The  Havana  Opera  company  opened  April  6,  1877,  in  "IlTrova- 
tore/'  under  Albites  &  Palmieri.  Mme.  Palmieri,  Mile.  Rambelli, 
Signori  Celado^  Bartolasi,  and  D'Al  Neg^o,  and  Mile.  March  were 
in  the  company.  Max  Maretzek  was  conductor.  They  closed  April 
21.  Maurice  Grau  took  a  benefit  June  18,  when  Aimee  sang,  in 
English,  ''Pretty  as  a  Picture;"  the  second  act  of  Offenbach's 
"  La  Boulang^re  a  des  £cus ;  '*  third  act  of  "  La  Vie  Parisienne  " 
("  Life  in  Paris"),  and  second  act  of  "  La  Fille  de  Mme.  Angot, 
with  an  exceptionally  novel  and  remarkable  cast,  all  the  characters 
being  reversed.  The  female  characters  were  performed  by  the 
gentlemen,  the  male  characters  by  the  ladies.     The  cast  was : 



An^  Pitou Aimee 

Lanvaudure  .  .  .  Mile.  Guejrmard 
The  Officer  ....  Mile.  Letillier 
Clairette Mr.  Raoult 

Pomponnet     .    .    ^    .     .    .      Dupan 

Loncbard Desiree 

TreniU Vaudame 

Mile.  Lange Dapbm 

A  testimonial  matinee  was  given  Oct  12  for  the  benefit  of  the 
widow  of  Edwin  Adams,  and  the  following  was  the  programme: 
Overture,  "William  Tell,"  Gilmore's  Band;  recitation  by  Regina 
Dace;  comic  songs,  Tony  Pastor;  piano  solo,  S.  B.  Mills;  "The 
School  for  Scandal  **  (screen  scene) :  Sir  Peter  Teazle,  John  Gil- 
bert; Charles  Surface,  Edward  Amot;  Joseph  Surface,  Geo.  F. 
Devere;  Lady  Teazle,  Rose  Coghlan;  Joseph's  servant,  Mr.  Peck. 
Musical  selections  by  the  Eagle  Theatre  orchestra,  directed  by 
Henry  Wannemacher;  duet,  William  Castle  and  Henry  Peakes 
(orchestra  directed  by  Sig.  Operti);  the  midget.  General  Mite; 
imitations,  Charles  Backus;  first  act  of  "Struck  Oil":  John 
Stoffel,  James  C.  Williamson;  Lizzie  Stoffel,  Maggie  Moore 
(Mrs.  J.  C.  Williamson) ;  Susan  Stoffel,  Mrs.  Sol  Smith ;  Eben 
Skinner,  H.  A.  Weaver,  Sr. ;  Sergt.  Flynn,  J.  J.  Sullivan ;  Cor- 
poral Sharp,  Sol  Smith.  Popular  airs  of  the  period,  by  the  Union 
Square  Theatre  orchestra,  directed  by  H.  Tissington ;  "  Chanson* 
ette  Nouvelles."  "Les  Legons  D' Anglais"  (English  Lessons); 
Marie  Aimee's  orchestra,  conducted  by  M.  Almeras;  "Camille" 
(fourth  act):  Camille,  Clara  Morris;  Armand  Duval,  McKee 
Rankin;  De  Varville,  J.  W.  Carroll;  Gaston,  Wm.  R.  Floyd; 
Gustave,  E.  M.  Holland;  Prudence,  Mrs.  John  Sefton;  Olvmpe, 
Josephine  Baker.  Next  came  the  third  act  of  "Othello  :  the 
Moor,  E.  A.  Sothem;  lago,  W.  J.  Florence;  Cassio,  H.  Crisp; 
Desdemona,  Lotta;  Emelia,  Mrs.  John  Drew.     The  sketch  called 

an!  ACADEMY  OF  MUSIC  83 

"The  Crushed  Actors,"  by  Harrigan  and  Hart;  Bryant's  Min- 
strels, in  a  first  part ;  Dutch  sketch,  songs  and  dances  by  Bobby 
Newcomb;  the  singing  of  "Auld  Lang  Syne"  closed  the  enter- 
tainment. The  treasurer  was  Theo.  Moss;  stage  manager,  Leon 
J.  Vincent.  The  ushers  were  Henry  E.  Abbey,  W.  R.  Deutsch, 
Jai  H.  Meade,  H.  Wall,  J.  G.  Peakes,  Morris  Simmonds,  J.  J. 
Sullivan,  Chandos  Fulton,  S.  F.  McGraw,  Thos.  E.  Morris,  Louis 
Aldrich,  and  Stanley  McKenna.  The  total  amount  received  by 
the  committee  was  $10,099.17;  the  amount  of  expenses  paid  by 
them,  $718. 16;  and  the  sum  paid  to  Mrs.  Adams,  $9,381.01.  Mr.<i. 
Edwin  Adams  received  the  following  donations:  T.  W.  Davey's 
combination,  $100;  B.  McCauley,  Cincinnati,  $250;  J.  W. 
Albaogb  from  benefit  performance  in  Albany,  $325. 5a  Many  of 
the  New  York  newspapers  advertised  the  benefit  without  charge. 
The  Domestic  Sewing  Machine  company  sent  to  Mrs.  Adams  a 
sewing  machine  valued  at  $70.  It  will  be  perceived  that  a  fund 
of  over  tio,ooo,  clear  of  all  expenses,  was  raised  for  Mrs.  Adams 
by  this  benefit.  W.  J.  Florence,  ^100;  E.  A.  Sothem,  ^560;  box 
donated  and  resold  for  $125,  making  a  total  of  ^685;  Theo.  Moss, 
175;  E.  Lanouette,  ^50;  Maggie  Mitchell,  $100;  Judge  Curtis, 
$50;  Dr.  Charles  Phelps,  $25;  E.  A.  Buck,  ^50;  Tony  Pastor, 
$160;  check  from  Elmira,  ^100;  Henry  E.  Abbey,  ^100;  W.  R. 
Deutscb,  box  donated  and  resold  for  ^55;   E.  G.  Gilmore,  ^50; 

deck  (an  admirer,  Mr.  S ^),  ^50;  Robert  Heller,  box  donated 

and  resold,  ^50;  William  Van  Tassell,  ^30;  eight  hundred  and 
eighty  seats  at  $$  each,  $2,640;  thirty -one  first  row  boxes  at  ^20 
eadi,  ^20;  thirty-eight  second  and  third  row  boxes  at  ^15  each, 
and  less  exchanges  and  seats  sold  at  ^i  each,  ^187.83;  eighteen 
boxes  at  $10,  ^180;  fifty-two  boxes  at  ^2.50,  ^130;  four  hundred 
and  fifty-eight  gallery  seats  at  ^1.50,  ^687;  eleven  hundred  and 
seventeen  admissions,  ^1,117;  premiums  on  seats,  ^24;  J.  C. 
Williamson  (two  gallery  seats),  ^100;  Arthur  Cheney,  $100; 
W.  G.  Fargo  (four  orchestra  seats),  $100;  Frank  Mayo,  $50;  E. 
L  Anderson,  $50;  Mrs.  Morrison's  company,  Toronto,  Ont., 
I27;  Charles  E.  Leland,  $25;  Milton  Nobles'  combination,  $25; 
WUliam  Winter,  $s;  Mrs.  J.  W.  Buckland,  $s;  "Luke  Fielding," 
$$;  "Donation,"  $25;  Chestnut  Street  Theatre  benefit,  Phila- 
delphia, Oct.  12,  $722;  Thomas  B.  McDonough,  $25;  D wight 
Amsden,  Detroit,  Mich.,  $$;  Henry  Ashley  (one  admission 
ticket),  iK2o;  Dominick  Murray,  $10;  Grand  Opera  House  (C.  J. 
Whitney),  Detroit,  Mich.,  $5a3o;  Flower-stand  in  Academy  on 
day  of  performance,  the  Misses  Jean  Bumside  and  Nellie  Morti- 
mer, $52.87;  Alice  Oates  Opera  Bouffe  company,  $100;  satin  pro- 
grammes, $151;  Pittsburg  Opera  House  benefit,  Oct  17,  $805. 

**  Bobby  "  Newcomb,  who  appeared  at  the  Adams  benefit,  died  at 
Tacoma,  W.  T.,  June  i,  1888,  of  pneumonia.     His  right  name  was 



Robert  Hughes,  and  he  was  bom  in  England  in  1843.  He 
the  name  of  Newcomb  in  i860,  being  the  prot6g6  of  William  ]> 
comb,  the  well-known  minstrel  performer.  He  wrote  many  p 
lar  songs,  among  them  "  The  Big  Sunflower, "  "  Where  the  Pai 
Grow,"  "The  Ivy  Leaf,"  etc.,  and  he  was  the  author  of  a  f 
called  "Dorkin's  Night" 

On   Oct.    13,   1877,  there  was  presented  for  the  first  tim 
America,    A.  F.    Leiss'  American  comedy,    "Married   and 
Married,"  with  this  cast. 

C^>t  Vander  Smissen Walter  A 

Frank  Merit  >  t,   .^  ti,^*u^«,  i Mr.  Carri: 

Fred  Merit   {  Twin  Brothers  | ^^^ 

Mimosa  Vander  Smissen Miss  £.  Son 

Ching  Chung Frank  Tannehi 

White  Feather Geo.  Fredi 

Lucy  Daly Imogene  Vai 

The  Hen  Skeleton  . 
Prof.  Tapir 
Thomas    . 
Cra^  Male 
Mana  .    . 
Jane     .    • 

A.  G.  Ford 
John  £. Ince 
J.  W.  Burton 
Geo.  T.  James 
.  F.  Thornton 
Lizzie  McCall 
Miss  L.  Dickinson 

Giocomo J.  F.  c 

Benaventura      .    .    .    Thot.  W 
Father  Ortel      .     .     .     .  T.  E.  A 

Tuck Edwin  ^ 

Sappho Kate  Sinj 

Katherine Georgi 

The  play  was  a  bad  one,  and  one  performance  ended  its  careei 
Emma  Thursby  gave  a  concert  Oct  29.    Brignoli,  S.  B.  IV 

Theo.  Thomas'  orchestra,  and  Geo.  W.  Colby,  accompanist,  appe 
Nov.  I  the  annual  Roman  Catholic  Orphan  Asylum  benefit 

place : 

Benito .... 
Walter  .  .  . 
IsabeUa  .  .  . 
Miss  Montague 
Miss  Frazer .  . 
Miss  Lippincott 

C.  J.  F3rffe 
H.  B.  Bradley 
.  .  £.  Locke 
.     Kate  Byron 

Miss  Ellis 
Miss  Williams 
.    MissTelbin 

Leonard  •  .  . 
Daniel  Webster 
Hero  .  .  .  . 
Sallie  .  .  .  . 
Miss  Casethire  . 
Miss  Jenkins 

.     .     Fred 
•     .       £.  w. 
Oliver  Doud  j 
.     .  Minnie 
.     .      Miss 
.     .    Miss  1 

The  evening  performance  commenced  with  Harry  Clark 
Irish  eccentricities,  followed  by  Murphy  and  Shannon  in  I 
specialties ;  Louise  Murio,  balladist ;  Clarke  Bros,  in  musical 
Will  H.  Morton,  comic  songs ;  Harrigan,  Hart,  and  Billy  Gr 
sketch  of  "The  Bradys,"  with  Dave  Braham  as  leader  of  th 
chestra;  Lotta  in  "Nan  the  Good  for  Nothing;"  Tom  Port 
comic  songs,  S.  B.  Mills,  pianist;  the  farce  of  "The  Rough 
mond,"  with  Sydney  Cowell  as  Margery  and  Ed.  Lamb  as  O 
Joe.  Next  came  a  pantomime,  "Robert  Macaire,"  Jas.  F.  Mj 
as  Robert,  W.  H.  Bartholomew  as  Bertrand,  and  the  other 
acters  by  the  Olympic  Theatre  company.  After  this  "  A  Re 
Fix  "  was  done,  with  this  cast : 




Hi^de  Brass 
Sopins     .     . 
Mn.C^rter  . 
AfaelQnick    . 

.    E.  A.  Sothern 

George  Holland 

.  Alice  Mansfield 

.   Ed.  L.  Marble 

Emilv Mabel  Jordan 

Chanes  Surplos  .    . 

Matilda  Jane 

Harry  Lacy 
Marie  Bingham 

This  was  followed  by  the  first  act  of  "  Fanchon  " 

FiDcbon  ....  Maggie  Mitchell 
Fattier  Barbeaod  .  .  J.  H.  Stoddart 
Didier Geo.  Becks 

Mother  Barbeand 
Landry  Barbeaud 
Mother  Fadet    . 

.    Mary  Wells 

.  J.  W.  Corner 

Mrs.  T.  J.  Hind 

The  trial  scene  from  "  The  Merchant  of  Venice  "  was  given  with 







Edwin  Booth 

W.  R.  Floyd 

Agnes  Booth 

J.  B.  Polk 

Jemries  Lewis 

Antonio John  Gilbert 

Bassanio Chas.  Coghlan 

The  Duke     ....     John  Parselle 
Gratiano James  O'Neill 

The  third  act  of  **  Monte  Cristo ''  was  seen  and  cast  thus : 

Ednond  Dantes     .    .     Chas.  Fechter 

Nortier F.  B.  Warde 

.    .    .    .    das.  Leclercq 
licr  .     .    .    .     C.  D.  Bainbridge 

Albert  De  Morce£E     .  B.  T.  Ringgold 

Villefort W.  G.  CogsweU 

Carconte Alice  Gray 

The  balcony  scene  from  **  Romeo  and  Juliet  *'  came  next :  Juliet, 
Modjeska;  Romeo,  W.  F.  Burroughs.  Concluding  with  the  farce 
"To  Oblige  Benson":  Trotter  Southdown,  Harry  Beckett;  Mr. 
Benson,  J.  W.  Shannon;  Mrs.  Southdown,  Effie  Germon;  Mr. 
Meredith,  W.  A.  Eytinge;  Mrs.  Benson,  Stella  Boniface.  Lester 
Wallack  was  director,  W.  R.  Floyd,  stage  manager,  and  Theo. 
Moss,  treasurer. 

The  evening  performance  commenced  with  ''A  Sheep  in  Wolf's 


Mantf  Jasper  Carew     Eben  Plvmpton 

J.  W.  Snannon 

CbL  Percy  Kirke 
Ketter  Chedxoy 
CoL  Lord  Chiirchill 

£.  M.  Holland 
W.  J.  Leonard 

Corporal  Flinto£E    .    .    .  D.  Vanderen 

Anne  Carew Ada  Dyas 

Dame  Carew     ....  Mme.  Ponisi 
Keziah Effie  Germon 

Next  came  the  first  act  of  **  Jane  Eyre 

Jane  Eyre Clara  Morris 

Pro!  Broddehorst  J.  C.  Dunn 

Mm  Reed     ....      Jenny  Carroll 


Bessie Helen  Vincent 

Capt  Whitfield  .    .    .  Geo.  F.  Browne 
John  Reed     .    .    .    .  H.  Pearson,  Jr. 

Sig.  Brignoli  followed  with  a  romanza  from  ''Martha;"  the 
Kemell  Brothers  and  Watson  and  Ellis  did  specialty  acts.  The 
third  act  of  "  Othello  "  was  given : 


John  McCullough 

.  Eben  Plvmpton 

Rose  (Jognlan 

lago Frank  Majro 

D^emona  ....    Maod  Graofer 



First  act  of  ''Micawber"  was  the  next  attraction: 

WUkiiu  Micawber  .  .  Geo.  F.  Rowe 
Traddles  ....  Geo.  F.  Giddens 
Betsy  Trotwood      Mrs.  Julia  Chapman 

Uriah  Heep  .    . 
David  Copperfield 
Mrs.  Micawber  . 

F.  F.  Mac 

W.  A.  Eyti 

.  Mrs.  Thi 

The  dagger  scene  from  "  The  Wife  "  was  seen :  Julien  St.  Pie: 
Frederic  Robinson;  Duke,  Eben  Plympton.  After  this  was 
olio,  in  which  Prof.  S.  Murdoch  recited  (in  costume)  Burk's  "  H 
at  Ye  All." 

The  tenth  annual  benefit  of  the  B.  P.  O.  Elks  took  place  Thi 
day  afternoon,  Nov.  15;  Frank  Girard  and  Leon  J.  Vincent  w 
stage  managers.  The  programme  consisted  of  Bryant's  M 
strels;  fourth  act  of  ''Camille;"  Clara  Morris  as  the  heroi 
James  O'Neill  as  Armand;  Lotta  in  the  first  act  of  ''Musette 
Mary  Anderson  in  the  potion  scene  from  ''Romeo  and  Juli< 
"  The  Toodles  "  closed  the  entertainment : 

Toodles  .  . 
George  Acorn 
Fanner  Acom 
Landlord  .  . 
Mary  Acom  . 
Fanner  Acom 

John  T.  Raymond 
.  .  Frank  Mayo 
.  W.  H.  Bailev 
John  McCullough 
Lillie  Eldridge 
.  C.  W.  Couldock 

Charles  Fenton 
First  Farmer 
Second  Farmer  . 
Third  Farmer    . 
Mrs.  Toodles 

.    G.  F.  R 

D.  H.  Harl 

J.  W.  Co 

J.  B.  I 

S3rdney  Co^ 

Two  performances  were  given  Thanksgiving  (Nov.  29)  for  the  be 
fit  of  St.  Cecilia  church.  Janauschek,  Rose  Eytinge,  Rose  Coghl 
James  O'Neill  and  Emma  Waller  were  among  the  volunteers. 

John  Brougham  had  a  benefit  afternoon  and  night  of  Jan. 
1878,  which  netted  him  ^0,394.41;  another  benefit  occurred 
Wallack's  Theatre,  (matinee),  Feb.  14,  which  netted  ^884. 
These  amounts  were  invested  in  an  annuity  for  Mr.  Brougha 
from  which  he  received  $28  per  week,  and  of  this  sum  he  p 
James  Ship  ^10  weekly,  which  left  only  $18  to  defray  the  wee) 
expenses  of  his  household  —  two  persons  besides  himself.  1 
annuity  was  payable  quarterly,  and  the  last  quarter  he  did  i 
receive,  as  he  died  before  it  had  become  due  —  July  i.  He  1: 
been  a  poor  man  and  in  distress  for  some  months  prior  to  his  dea 
but  these  facts  he  studiously  concealed  from  his  friends.  It 
generally  thought  that  the  investing  of  the  $10,000  benefit  fund 
an  annuity  was  an  unwise  proceeding  considering  Brougham's  a( 
He  received  only  about  $2,000,  and  the  remainder  became  t 
property  of  the  New  York  Life  Insurance  company  at  his  dea 
which  occurred  June  7,  1880. 

A  season  of  opera  commenced  Feb.  11,  with  Eugenie  Papp< 
heim,  Chas.  Adams,  Miss  Alexandre  Human,  Mme.  E.  Rude 
dorff,  Adelaide  Phillips,  Miss  E.  Grimminger,  Miss  M.  Coon< 
C.  Fritsch,  A.  Blum,  H.  Wiegand,  and  the  Minzelli  Sisters,  p 
miire  danseuses  in  the  company.  "  Les  Huguenots  "  was  the  fi 
opera  sung,  Alexandre  Human  making  her  New  York  d^but  in  t 




rAle  of  the  Queen,  and  Mme.  Rudersdorff  (first  appearance)  as 
OrtruA  "The  Jewess,"  Feb.  15;  " Lohengrin "  (mating),  Feb. 
16,  27,  Pappenheim  as  Elsa;  Feb.  18,  "  TannhSuser ; "  "II  Trova- 
tore,"  Feb.  20,  23,  Adelaide  Phillips  as  Azucena;  "Der  Flie- 
gcnde  Hollander/'  Feb.  25;  "Faust,"  March  i ;  "Les  Huguenots," 
matinie,  March  2;  "Rienzi,"  March  4,  with  Pappenheim  as  Adrian 
Colonna,  Miss  Human  as  Irene,  Chas.  Adams  as  Cola  Rienzi,  A. 
Blum  as  Paolo,  H.  Wiegand  as  StefFano,  and  the  season  closed 
March  9. 

"The  Wife's  Appeal "  was  acted  for  the  first  time  on  any  stage, 
April  29.  Fred  Chippendale,  Archie  Cowper,  H.  W.  Mitchell, 
Ihrion  Talbot  (her  d^but),  Madame  Ivan  Michels,  and  Clara  Cole 
in  the  cast 

Eugenie  Pappenheim  gave  a  "  farewell "  concert  May  30.  Thomas 
Donaldson  took  a  benefit  June  25.  J.  H.  Mapleson  commenced 
a  season  of  Italian  opera  Oct.  16,  with  "La  Somnambula,"  Cam- 
panini  as  Elvino,  Foli  as  Conte  Rodolfi.  Minnie  Hauck  appeared 
Oct.  18  as  Violetta  in  "La  Traviata." 

Bizel's  "Carmen"  was  first  sung  in  America  Oct.  23,  with 
Minnie  Hauck  in  the  title  rdle. 

Etelka  Gerster,  the  Hungarian  prima  donna,  made  her  Ameri- 
can djbut  Nov.  II  as  Amina  in  "La  Somnambula;"  Nov.  9 "The 
Talisman"  was  presented,  and  the  season  closed  Dec  28.  A 
mating  performance,  Feb.  21,  1879,  ^^^  for  the  benefit  of  Neil 
Bryant,  and  the  following  was  the  entertainment  presented :  The 
closet  scene  from  "Hamlet,"  Master  N.  S.  Wood  as  Hamlet, 
Harry  Colton  as  the  Ghost,  Mrs.  Louisa  Eldridge,  the  Queen ;  the 
farce,  "To  Oblige  Benson,"  with  Effie  Germon,  Kate  Bartlett,  J. 
W.  Shannon,  and  J.  Farland  in  the  cast.  The  San  Francisco 
Minstrels  came  next,  led  by  Wm.  Birch,  Charles  Backus,  and 
George  Thatcher;  "Her  Majesty's  Ship  Pinafore":  Josephine, 
Blanche  Corelli;  Little  Buttercup,  Miss  Gumey;  Hebe,  Ida  Foy; 
Sir  Joseph,  J.  H.  Burnett ;  Captain  Corcoran,  J.  H.  Peakes ;  Ralph 
Kadcstraw,  Henri  Laurent;   Dick  Deadeye,  A.  D.  Barber. 

A  season  of  opera  commenced  Feb.  24,  with  "  Lucia  di  Lam- 
aermoor,"  Campanini  as  Edgardo,  Etelka  Gerster  as  Lucia 
"Roy  Bias"  was  produced  March  14.  The  season  terminated 
April  5. 

Max  Maretzek  reopened  the  house  Sept  25,  for  the  production 
of  bis  American  opera,  "Sleepy  Hollow,"  with  this  cast: 

Ichabod  Crane 

Miss  A.  Montague 

Chas.  Turner 

.  W.  C.  Gaitlion 

Fran  Spuyten     .    •      Mrs.  Rke-Knoz 
Van  Ness H.  Fink 

This  opera  kept  the  stage  until  Oct.   i ,  when  Bianca  Lablanche 
(Blanche  Davenport)  made  her  operatic  d^but  in  America.     "  The 

88        A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORX  STAGE       D«»» 

Two    Peters"    was  first    acted    here    Oct    6,    and    the    season 

The  season  of  1879-80  opened  Oct.  20,  with  "La  Traviata" 
Runcio  (first  appearance)  as  Alfredo,  Galassi  as  Germont,  Monti 
as  Medico,  and  Emilie  Ambre  (first  appearance)  as  Violetta. 
"  Carmen  "  was  produced  Oct  27,  with  Selina  Dolaro  as  Carmen 
(her  first  appearance  in  this  city).  This  lady  died  in  New  York, 
Jan.  23,  1889,  of  consumption.  "Fashion,"  the  only  play  ever 
produced  in  this  country  by  Mme.  Dolaro,  was  first  performed 
Dec.  19,  1887,  at  the  Madison  Square  Theatre.  It  was  played 
again  at  Wallack's  Theatre,  Dec.  28,  1887.  In  addition  to 
being  an  opera  bouffe  singer,  Mme.  Dolaro  was  an  authoress  of 
considerable  merit,  and  not  only  a  singer  of  capacity  and  culture, 
but  she  was  an  effective  and  instructive  actress. 

The  annual  benefit  of  the  B.  P.  O.  Elks  took  place  Nov.  13,  1879. 
The  B.  P.  O.  Elks,  whose  "benefits"  are  so  often  recorded  here, 
came  into  existence  in  this  simple  manner.  One  stormy  afternoon 
(early  in  1868)  a  few  friends  met  in  the  house  of  one  of  their  num- 
ber, in  the  Bowery,  and  spent  a  pleasant  afternoon.  Among  the 
party  were  John  F.  Poole,  Thomas  Grattan  Riggs,  George  F. 
McDonald,  Tony  Pastor,  Billy  Sheppard,  and  Claude  Goldie. 
When  they  separated  they  agreed  to  meet  the  following  Sunday 
afternoon,  at  the  same  place.  They  met,  and  their  number  so 
increased  with  each  succeeding  meeting  that  they  formed  them- 
selves into  an  organization,  and  called  it  the  Benevolent  Pro- 
tective Order  of  Elks.  On  Feb.  16,  1868,  the  order  was  formally 
instituted.  Among  the  earliest  members  were  Henry  P.  O'Neil, 
Hugo  O'Neil,  Gen.  Joseph  Pinckney,  and  Thomas  Gayner.  It 
was  decided  that  the  sessions  should  be  divided  into  two  parts,  the 
one  business  and  the  other  social.  The  meetings  were  held  Sunday 
evenings.  The  first  presiding  officer  was  Charles  Vivian,  the 
comic  singer,  formerly  a  member  of  "The  Jolly  Corks,"  of  Phila- 
delphia. Feb.  16,  1868,  they  received  a  charter  from  the  New 
York  Legislature  as  a  corporate  society.  The  order  at  that  time 
held  their  meetings  every  Sunday  evening  at  Military  Hall,  on  the 
east  side  of  the  Bowery,  near  Spring  Street  Their  next  place  of 
meeting  was  over  Helmbold's  drug  store,  594  Broadway,  where 
they  were  burned  out  early  in  the  summer  of  1872.  The  writer 
of  this  tendered  the  order  the  free  use  of  his  two  parlors  in  his 
private  residence,  718  Broadway,  and  there  the  order  held  its  meet- 
ings for  some  time.  Their  next  rendezvous  was  Masonic  Hall,  in 
Thirteenth  Street,  near  Fourth  Avenue,  and  now  known  as  Claren- 
don Hall.  From  there  they  went  to  the  hall  over  Koster  &  Bial's, 
Twenty-third  Street,  a  few  doors  west  of  Sixth  Avenue.  They 
took  possession  Sunday,  Nov.  2,  1879.  Their  next  move  was  to 
1,227  Broadway,  northeast  comer  of  Twenty-seventh  Street,  and 


Dcrt  to  Tuxedo  Hall,  Fifty-ninth  Street  and  Madison  Avenue, 
and  in  October  1902,  to  Pabst  building,  Fifty-eighth  Street  and 
Eighth  Avenue,  where  they  still  remain. 

Among  the  presiding  officers  of  the  New  York  Lodge  have  been 
Chas.  Vivian,  Geo.  W.  Thompson,  Geo,  J.  Green,  Henry  P.  O'Neil, 
Frank  Girard,  Louis  C.  Waehner,  John  J.  Tindale,  A.  C.  More- 
land,  Michael  Malone,  John  J.  Spies,  James  J.  Armstrong,  Thomas 
P.  Brogan,  Henry  P.  Mulvaney,  Edward  Leach,  and  Champe  S. 
Andrews.  They  purchased  a  large  burial  plot  in  Evergreens  cem- 
etery, which  they  dedicated  June  i,  1879.  The  Elks'  Mutual  Benefit 
Association  was  organized  Dec.  29,  187S.  The  objects  of  the 
order  are  the  "  relief  of  the  sick  and  needy,  and  the  burial  of  the 

Mme.  Marimon,  the  French  prima  donna,  made  her  American 
dfbut  in  opera  at  the  Academy  of  Music,  Dec.  3,  and  the  operatic 
season  closed  Dec.  27,  with  "  Faust.  *'  The  annual  benefit  of  the 
Roman  Catholic  Orphan  Asylum  took  place  Dec.  11.  The  enter- 
tainment was  under  the  management  of  L.  J.  Vincent,  and  was 
afternoon  and  evening.  It  consisted  of  the  following:  For  the 
matinee,  "Poor  Jo,"  by  N.  S.  Wood  and  others;  J.  K.  Emmet 
and  company,  in  "  Fritz  in  Ireland ;  "  "  Miss  Multon  "  (third  act), 
by  Clara  Morris;  Harrigan  and  Hart  in  "The  Mulligan  Guards' 
Qiristmas;"  the  Merritt  Bros.,  Wilkinson  Bros.,  and  Flora  Moore; 
"The  Strat^ists,"  by  Clinton  Hall's  company.  The  evening's 
entertainment  was  the  farce  of  "Did  You  Ever?"  "Richelieu" 
(fourth  act),  by  Edwin  Booth  and  others ;  "  Camille "  (fourth  act), 
by  Mme.  Majeroni;  recitation  of  "Shamus  O'Brien,"  by  George 
Clarke ;  ballad  by  Ella  Montezo ;  balcony  scene, "  Romeo  and  Juliet," 
Helen  Ottolengui  (first  appearance  in  New  York),  Juliet;  Gus- 
tavQs  Levick,  Romeo.  Harry  Osborne  and  wife  in  Irish  sketch ; 
the  Irish  bagpipes  by  Thos.  F.  Kerrigan;  reel  dance  by  Wm. 
Cnmin,  concluding  with  "The  Galley  Slave"  (second  act),  intro- 
dodng  Emily  Rigl,  Maud  Granger,  and  others. 

P.  S.  Gilmore's  new  anthem,  "Columbia,"  was  first  given  here 
(mating)  Dec  25.      Emma  Thursby  was  the  soloist ;  Algernon  S. 
Sullivan,  orator;  Geo.  Vandenhoff,  elocutionist.     There  was  the 
orchestra,    composed  of  Mapleson's   Opera  company,    Koster  & 
Bial's,  and  Gilmore's  Bands,  together  with  a  powerful   chorus. 
Levy,  solo  cometist,  and  others.     After  an  encore  Mr.   Sullivan 
one  forward  and  suggested  that  the  last  verse  of  "Columbia,"  — 
"the  prayer"  —  should  be  sung  by  the  entire  audience,  and  in- 
stantly three  thousand  persons  rose  to  their  feet,  and  joining  with 
the  orchestra  and  chorus,  rolled  out  with  magnificent  effect  the 
stirring  strain.     The  Martha  Washington  Reception  of  St.  John's 
Guild,  for  the  benefit  of  the  Seaside  Nursery  occurred  Jan.  20, 
1880L     The  attraction  was  a  historical  representation  of  Benjamin 


Franklin  at  the  Court  of  France,  in  four  tableaux,  arranged  by 
L.  J.  Vincent.  P.  S.  Gilmore  appeared  with  his  band,  and  gave 

A  spring  season  of  Italian  opera  commenced  March  i,  with 
"  Lucia  di  Lammermoor,"  Mile.  Marie  Marimon  (first  appearance 
in  New  York  in  the  character)  as  Lucia.  A  dramatic  and  musical 
entertainment,  organized  by  Edwin  Booth  and  directed  by  Henry 
E.  Abbey,  took  place  March  4,  in  aid  of  TAe  Herald  Irish  Relia 
Fund  Ole  Bull,  Annie  Louise  Cary,  Campanini,  Edwin  Booth, 
(in  third  act  of  "  Hamlet,"  third  act  of  "  Othello,"  and  the  whole  of 
"  The  Taming  of  the  Shrew  ")  was  the  programme.  '*  II  Trovatorc  " 
was  given  March  22,  with  Brignoli  as  Manrico,  Mile.  Alwina 
Valeria  (first  appearance  in  that  character  in  New  York)  as  Leonora. 
"  La  Forza  Del  Destino  "  was  sung  March  23,  with  dampanini  as 
Don  Alvaro  (first  appearance  in  that  character) ;  Mme.  Marie  Swift 
as  Leonora  (first  appearance).  '*  Dinorah  "  was  given  March  24, 
and  the  season  closed  April  17,  with  "Les  Huguenots." 

Maurice  Grau's  French  Opera  company  reappeared  May  3,  in 
"Mignon,"  and  closed  May  28.  "La  Princesse  de  Trebizonde" 
was  given  May  7,  for  the  first  time  in  seven  years.  A  final  season 
of  eight  nights  and  one  matinee  commenced  May  18,  with  "La 
Vie  Parisienne."  "Pomme  D'Api"  had  its  first  production  in 
America  May  20,  when  "Les  Chevaliers  Du  Pince-Nez,"  with 
Mile.  Angele  as  Fauvette  (first  time),  was  also  revived.  "La 
Camaigo  "  was  given  (matinee)  May  22 ;  "  Les  Cloches  De  Come- 
ville  "  was  sung  May  24.  M.  Capoul  took  a  farewell  benefit  May 
25,  when  was  presented  first  act  "  Le  Pr^s  Aux  Clercs,"  second  act 
"  Le  Postilion  de  Lonjumeau  "  and  second  and  third  acts  of  "  Mig- 
non."  Constantine  Sternberg,  Russian  pianist,  assisted  by  Gott- 
hold  Carlberg's  orchestra,  made  his  American  d^but  Oct.  7. 

Mapleson  commenced  a  season  of  Italian  opera  Oct.  18,  with 
"Lucia  di  Lammermoor."  Ravelli  made  his  d^but  as  Edgar; 
Gerster  (first  appearance  in  two  years)  as  Lucia.  Oct.  22  "  Faust " 
was  sung,  when  Franco  Novara  made  his  New  York  d^ut  as  Meph- 
istopheles.  "  Carmen  "  was  given  Oct.  27.  "  Un  Ballo  in  Mas- 
chera,"  Nov.  3,  with  the  first  appearance  of  Marie  L.  Swift  in  the 
character  of  Oscar,  and  the  first  appearance  of  Mme.  Bianca  Mon- 
tesini  as  Amelia.     The  season  closed  Nov.  24,  with  "  Lucia. " 

The  annual  benefit  of  the  Roman  Catholic  Orphan  Asylum  took 
place  Nov.  16.  The  matinee  performance  consisted  of  Rice's  Sur- 
prise Party  in  "Revels;"  "The  Mulligan  Guard  Picnic,"  by  Harri- 
gan  and  Hart  and  company;  Gilmore's  Band;  "As  You  Like 
It,"  by  Wallack's  Theatre  company;  Harry  Kennedy,  ventrilo- 
quist; violin  solo,  by  Carl  Langer;  cornet  solo,  the  Bent  Bros.; 
the  French  Twin  Sisters  in  songs  and  dances,  and  finished  with 
the  farce,  "Two  Gentlemen  in  a  Fix,"  by  W.  F.  Owen  and  W. 



Dsvidge.  Jr.  The  evening  programme  was  ''East  Lynne"  (fourth 
act),  with  Annie  Ward  Ti£fany  as  Mme.  Vine ;  **  Cool  as  a  Cucum- 
bcr;*'  reciution,  "Mother  and  Poet,"  bv  Julia  Evarts;  "Marble 
Heart;"  recitation  by  Harry  Edwards;  "Macbeth "  (sleep  walking 
accneX  by  Julia  Evarts;  recitation  of  "  Lochinvar/'  by  John  J.  Car- 
olan;  monologue  entertainment  by  little  Allie  Dorrington;  humor- 
out  longs  by  S.  A.  L.  Bentley,  and  the  first  act  of  "Tony  O'Dowd," 
by  Wm.  J.  Scanlan  and  company. 

The  house  was  now  rented  by  Rial  &  Draper,  for  "  Uncle  Tom*s 
Cabin,**  commencing  at  the  matinee,  Dec  25. 

The  Shakespeare-Poe  Festival  was  an  entertainment  given  April 
23»  1881,  for  the  benefit  of  the  Poe  Memorial  Fund.  Blanche 
Rooaevelt  appeared ,  with  song ;  recitation  of  "At  Poe's  Grave,"  by 
Willie  Winter,  was  given  by  Sara  S.  Rice,  of  Baltimore;  "The 
Wooder,"  by  Wallack's  Theatre  company;  harp  solo  by  Maud 
Morgan;  recitations  by  Miss  N.  V.  Wickham,  Mary  F.  Thompson, 
and  Genevieve  Stebbins,  and  an  address  by  Algernon  S.  Sullivan. 

Tomaso  Salvini  reappeared  May  9  in  "CSthello;"  May  11,  "Mac- 
beth;" May  13,  "The  Gladiator;"  matinee.  May  14,  "Othello." 
H.  Weaver,  Elite  Wilton,  Marie  Prescott,  and  Harry  Crisp 
were  members  ci  his  company.  This  house  was  reopened,  Sept.  3, 
by  the  Kiralfy  Bros.,  with  "Michael  Strogoff,"  which  had  this 

.  .  .  W.  Rignold 
has  .  .  T  .  .  Chas.  Chappelle 
Doabfoosky  ....   A.  H.  Denham 

Mvsvieff J.  Cox 

T€l«:u>b  Opentor     .  J.  W.  BankioQ 

XhSmr L.  Steele 

Wqjk  Priest    ....     D.  H.  Adams 

NacBa EUie  Wlltoo 

Macii Mrs.  J.  L.  Carhart 

The  Czar  ....      Harry  Gwjrnette 

Feo^ Geo.  Harmon 

Grand  Duke F.  Munroe 

Ezekiah    ....      Geo.  R.  Edeaon 

Harnr  Blunt A.  Thomas 

Dr.  Massili S.  Morton 

Gen.  Kissolf      .     .     .  H.  Mont^mery 
Sangarre       Ada  Neilson 

This  was  the  American  d^but  of  William  Rignold  and  Ada 
Keilson.  Mapleson  commenced  his  opera  season  Oct.  17,  with 
"Lohengrin."  In  the  company  were  Marie  Varpot,  Alvina 
Valeria,  Virginia  Ferri,  Miles.  Salviati,  Dotti,  Valerga,  Ricci, 
Climence  Kalas,  Mme.  Lablache,  Mile.  Lauri,  Minnie  Hauck 
(fi;st  appearance  in  three  years),  Signors  Ravelli,  Bielette,  M. 
nevott,  Runcio,  Rinaldini,  Campanini,  Del  Puente,  Morini, 
Gbttsi*  Novara,  Monti,  Moro,  Corsini,  Costa,  and  Sig.  Arditi, 
ooodoctor.  The  R  P.  O.  Elks  took  a  benefit  mating,  Nov.  17. 
Tbe  opera  season  closed  at  the  matinee,  Dec  24. 

Sig.  Rossi  appeared  Jan.  17,  1882,  in  "King  Lear."  He  deliv- 
ered a  portion  of  his  lines  in  English  for  the  first  time  in  New 
York.  Jan.  18  he  was  seen  in  a  new  version  of  "  Edmund  Kean," 
icted  for  the  first  time  in  New  York  by  him : 



Edmund  Kean Rossi  A  Servant S.  Jackson 

H.  R.  H Leslie  Gossin  Helen Louise  Muldener 

Count  Koefeld  ...      H.  A.  Weaver  Anna  Danby      .    .    .     Carrie  Tomer 

Lord  Melville    .    .   Harry  Weaver,  Jr.  Amy     ....     Constance  Hamblin 

Solomon £.  A.  Eberle  Gidsa  ....     Mrs.  H.  A.  Weaver 

Pistol W.  J.  Shea  The  Manager  of  Drury  Lane 

A  Constable      ....     Chas.  Kent  Theatre      ....    W.  V.  Ranous 

Peter  Patt T.  F.  Kelly 

A  professional  matinee  was  given  Jan.  24  of  ''Edmund  Kean;" 
Jan.  25,  "King  Lear;"  Jan.  26,  "Othello;"  Jan.  27,  "Hamlet," 
when  he  closed  his  engagement.  Rossi  was  unquestionably  a 
great  artist.  The  critics  of  this  city  differed  as  to  his  Othello. 
Some  characterized  his  performance  as  brutal,  others  as  a  wonder- 
ful  performance.  Rossi*s  Hamlet  was  another  great  performance. 
For  many  years  James  E.  Murdoch  was  considered  the  best  Hamlet 
of  the  American  stage.  Edwin  Forrest,  though  perhaps  to  the 
scholarly  critic  the  greatest  who  ever  played  the  part,  never 
achieved  popularity  in  it  anywhere,  save  at  Edinburgh,  Scotland. 
In  public  favor,  next  to  Mr.  Murdoch,  came  Edwin  L.  Davenport, 
and  next,  in  point  of  time  and  far  greater  in  general  appreciation, 
was  Edwin  Booth.  Murdoch's  Hamlet  was  a  graceful  and  dig^i* 
fied  Prince.  He  was,  however,  a  Hamlet  whose  scholastic  affec- 
tions deprived  him  of  anything  like  sympathy,  and  the  pedantry  of 
Mr.  Murdoch's  pronunciation  did  much  to  lessen  the  effect  of  his 
otherwise  artistic  elocution.  It  was  a  cold,  courtly  and  gentle 

The  Hamlet  of  Forrest  was  gentle,  but  only  by  contrast  with  hU 
more  fiery  moods  of  despair,  doubt,  hate,  love,  and  anger.  That  E. 
L.  Davenport's  Hamlet  was  a  wonderfully  clever  performance  no 
one  could  deny.  It  had  the  grace  of  Murdoch's  Hamlet,  many  of 
the  traditionary  beauties  of  that  of  Betterton  and  much  of  the  fire 
of  Kean.  It  was  finished  in  execution.  His  interview  with  the 
grave-digger  at  Ophelia's  grave  has  never  been  surpassed  for  easy, 
natural  delivery  of  raillery  and  satire.  Edwin  Booth's  Hamlet 
was  scholastically  accurate.  The  very  ideal  of  the  sad  Prince  was 
realized  in  his  broad  brow,  bright  yet  thoughtful  eye,  his  luxurious 
masses  of  dark  hair,  and  figure  of  beautiful  proportion  and  gprace. 
The  whole  of  his  delineation  of  this  character  was  gemmed  with 
radiant  beauties.  He  made  the  Prince  a  confiding,  tenderly  affec- 
tionate, amiable  young  man,  with  no  strength  of  will  and  no  par* 
ticular  intentions,  with  all  the  keen  perceptions  of  a  sensitive 
heart,  of  liberal  and  refined  culture,  of  noble  and  courteous 

Henry  Irving  is  one  of  the  worst  Hamlets  I  ever  saw.  He  is 
nothing  if  not  melodramatic.  He  is  awkward,  ungainly,  and  con- 
stantly on  the  verge  of  being  grotesque.  That  he  is  a  legitimate 
tragedian,  as  Americans  understand  the  word,  I  deny.     That  he  is 



-  I 


such  a  tragedian  as  Shakespeare  would  have  selected  to  play 
Hamlet,  I  affirm.  Mr.  Irving  mutilated  the  text,  rearranged  sev- 
eral scenes,  utterly  and  completely  changed  the  order  of  certain 
patsagrs,  omitting  lines  of  inestimable  value  as  depicting  the 
almost  hysterical  condition  of  the  Prince  after  his  first  interview 
with  the  Ghost,  and  ending  the  "play  scene"  with  a  climax  which 
I  think  would  have  astonished  if  not  shocked  Shakespeare. 

£.  S.  Willard  is  another  very  poor  representative  of  Hamlet. 
His  Hamlet  was  fretful  rather  than  melancholy,  choleric  rather 
than  passionate.  E.  H.  Sothem  is  among  the  latest  who  have 
attempted  this  wonderful  part.  With  all  his  training  and  experi- 
ence as  an  actor  Mr.  Sothem  cannot  yet  play  Hamlet. 

Mapelson  commenced  a  season  of  Italian  opera  March  6,  1882, 

with   **Mignon.  "      Campanini,    Del   Puente,    Frederic,    Corsini, 

Montis  Minnie  Hauck,  Emma  Juch,  and  Mile.  Lauri  were  in  the 

company.     "Les  Huguenots"  was  rendered  March  8;  "Fidelio," 

March  10;  "Carmen,"  matinee,  March  11;  when  the  subscription 

season  terminated,  a  new  term  at  popular  prices  commenced,  which 

cksed  April  29,  with  "  Lucia  di  Lammermoor."     Campanini  took 

I  farewell  May  29,  when,  in  addition  to  the  melodrama  of  ''The 

World,"  Campanini  appeared  in  gems  of  Italian  opera.      There 

vere  several  volunteers,  including  Eben  Plympton  and  JefiFreys 

Lewis  in  the  balcony  scene  from  "Romeo  and  Juliet;"   Minnie 

Mmer  was  seen  in  "  My  Sweetheart. "  A  benefit  was  given  (matinee) 

Joae  10  for  the  family  of  George  A.  Conly,  the  baritone,  who  was 

drowned.     Among  those  who  appeared  were  Clara  Louise  Kellogg 

(her  first  appearance  here  in  three  years),   Emma  Juch,    Emma 

Abbott,  Sig.  Tagliapietra,  John  T.  Raymond,  and  Laura  Don. 

Slapleson  commenced  a  season  of  Italian  opera  Oct  16,  with  "I 
hiritanL"  Laura  Zagury  made  her  debut  as  Elvira.  Ravelli  acted 
Artiiro  and  Glassi,  Ricardo.  Sig.  Mierzwinski  made  his  d^but 
Oct  18,  as  Rhadames  in  "Aida.**  Mile.  Philoniena  Savio  made 
Ker  dA>ut  in  the  title  rdle  of  "Lucrezia  Borgia;"  Oct  21  "  I 
Pttritani"  was  sung;  Oct  23.  "Rigoletto;"  Oct  27,  "L'Afri- 
aiae**  (first  appearance  of  Sig.  Clodio  as  Vasco  di  Gama;  also 
M  appearance  this  season  of  Paolina  Rossini).  Nov.  i  and 
aattnee,  "Les  Huguenots"  was  given;  Nov.  3,  10,  20,  **  I^  Tra- 
mu;"  matinee,  Nov.  4,  8,  "  L'Africaine,"  and  Nov.  6,  "Lucia 
a  Lammermoor/*  for  the  first  appearance  this  season  of  Adelina 
P^t  as  Lucia,  and  Nicolini  as  Edgardo.  Gabrielle  Boema,  mezzo 
loprano,  made  her  first  appearance  Nov.  8.  Patti  acted  Marguerite, 
la  **  Faust,"  Nov.  13.  Olga  Berghi  and  Jessie  Bartlett  made  their 
dfbats  Nov.  18,  in  "Faust;"  "II  Barbiere  di  Seviglia"  was  sung 
\ov.  24«  27,  and  Dec.  8. 

Mme  Fursch-Madi  made  her  New  York  d^but  Dec.  i  as  Valen- 
liaa  in  ^  Lcs  Huguenots."     Her  d6but  in  opera  was  in  1871,  at  the 

94         A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [m^ 

Grand  Opera  House,  Paris,  as  Marguerite  in  "Faust"  At  the 
close  of  her  second  season  at  the  Grand  Opera,  she  was  chosen  by 
Verdi  to  create  the  title  rdle  in  "  Alda,"  in  the  French  language. 
The  management  of  the  grand  opera  were  afraid  to  attempt  the 
opera,  which  was  originally  produced  in  Cairo,  Egypt,  and  Verdi 
gave  the  work  to  the  Theatre  Royal,  Brussels,  where  Mme.  Fursch* 
Madi  achieved  one  of  the  greatest  triumphs  of  her  career.  The 
opera  was  given  seventy-two  times  without  interruption.  In  1874 
she  came  to  this  country  and  sang  in  French  opera,  but  sang  only 
in  New  Orleans,  La.  She  reappeared  in  America  at  the  Metro- 
politan Opera  House,  this  city,  in  1894.  Her  last  appearance  in 
opera  was  at  the  Metropolitan  on  Feb.  6,  as  Ortruda  in  "  Lohen- 
grin. "  She  was  married  three  times,  her  last  husband  surviving 
her,  together  with  a  grown  son  and  a  daughter  fourteen  years  ol 
age.  She  was  directress  of  Mrs.  Thurber's  American  School  of 
Opera  for  two  years,  but  at  the  end  of  that  time  she  became  in- 
volved in  a  dispute  with  the  directors  of  that  institution,  and 
finally  sued  them  for  |iio,ooo  arrears  of  salary  and  recovered 
judgment.  She  was  considered  one  of  the  greatest  of  dramatic 
sopranos.  William  Barry  and  Hugh  Fay,  engaged  the  Academy 
of  Music  for  Thanksgiving  Day  (Nov.  30)  and  presented  ^'Iritt 
Aristocracy. " 

Adelina  Patti  appeared  (matinie)  Dec.  2,  in  "  La  Traviata. "  Dec 
4  "  William  Tell "  was  sung ;  Dec.  6  "  La  Traviata,"  mating,  Dec.  9^ 
12;  matinee,  Dec  23,  Minnie  Hauck  in  the  title  rdle  of  "Carmen,"* 
Galassi  as  Escamillo.  "  Dinorah  "  was  acted  Dec.  11;  "LaSom* 
nambula,"  Dec.  13;  "Aida,"  Dec.  15,  Patti  as  Lucia;  matin^e^ 
Dec.  16,  "Lohengrin,"  De&  18,  20,  29;  first  appearance  of  Mme. 
Scalchi  as  Arsace  in  "  Semiramide ; ''  Dec.  22,  "  Linda  di  Cha- 
mounix;"  matinee,  Dec.  30,  "L'Africaine,"  and  the  season  closed 
(evening)  Dec.  30,  with  "  II  Trovatore. "  Mme.  Albani  was  an- 
nounced to  appear  at  the  matinee,  Jan.  12,  1883,  at  the  third  public 
rehearsal  of  the  New  York  Symphony  Society,  but  she  did  not 
arrive  from  Europe  until  late  that  evening.  She,  however,  sang 
the  following  evening. 

Minnie  Hauck  was  bom  in  this  city,  Nov.  16,  1853,  and  made 
her  d^but  at  twelve  years  of  age,  in  concert  in  New  Orleans,  La. 
She  first  sang  in  opera  in  this  city,  at  the  Union  League  Club 
Theatre.      The  French  government  conferred  upon  her  the  title 
and  insignia  of  OfBcier  de  TAcademie  (March  4,   1887),  in  rec- 
ognition of  her  distinguished   services  for  French   musical   art 
abroad.     This  refers  principally  to  her  interpretation  of  "  Garment ** 
"Manon,"  "Mignon,"  and  other  French  operas  in  a  number  o£ 
European  and  American  capitals.     She  is  the  first  American  artist 
upon  whom  this  distinction  has  been  conferred.     Tomaso  Salvini- 
reappeared  Feb.  19,  28  and  matinee,  Feb.  24,  in  "Othello;"  Febw- 




II,  26,  mud  matinee,  March  3,  ''  King  Lear ; "  Feb.  23,  March  3, 
'The  Gladiator."  He  was  support^  by  Marie  Prescott,  Lewis 
Morrison,  and  an  English  speaking  company. 

MMplemm  commenced  an  opera  season  March  12,   1883,  with 
Adelina  Patti«  Fursch-Madi,  Paolina  Rossini,  Mme.  Dotti,  Sofia 
SoUdbt,  Galassi,  Valerga,  Mme  Albani,  Signors  Ravelli,  Clodio, 
Bkletto^  Fr^x>lli,   Rinaldini,   Nicolini,   Ciampeiellaj,  Caravatti» 
Gtlasst,  Mooti,  Ronconi,  Corsini,  Costa,  and  Durat.    "  Faust "  was 
nsf  March  12;   "Linda  di  Chamounix,"  March  14;   ''Lucia  di 
Lannieniioor, "   March    16;    ''Semiramide,"   March    19;    "Rigo- 
ktto^**    March    26;    ""La    Favorita,"   March  28;  ''L'Africaine," 
Mardi  30;  ''Semiramide,"  matinee,  March  31;  "Flying  Dutch- 
■a,-  April  2.    Third  act  of  "  II  Trovatore,"  first  scene  "  Norma," 
MCOQd  act  "Dinorah,"  was  the  programme,  for  the  benefit  of  the 
Wiihington  and  Lee  University;  "Semiramide,"  April  4;  "Don 
Giovanni,"  April  5,  with  Patti  as  2^rlina,  her  first  and  only  ap- 
pcsruice  in  the  character;  "  Martha,"  matinee,  April  7;  "  L'£toile 
da  Nord,"  April  9;  "Lohengrin,"  April  11,  Albini  as  Elsa,  her 
int appearance  in  that  character;  April  13,  "L'^toile  du  Nord," 
aad  the  season  closed  (matinee)  April  14,  with  ^ Faust."  A  bene- 
fc  was  given  to  Mapleson,  April  23,  with  Paolina  Rossini  in  the 
tide  rftle  of  "  Aida. "    Albani  was  bom  in  Montreal,  and  her  par- 
esis were  Canadian-French.     Her  name  is  Lajeunesse.    She  spent 
kr  early  youth  in  Albanv,  N.  Y.,  from  which  city  she  took  her 
saae  of  AlbanL     A  novel  entertainment  was  given  here  June  26, 
csasistiiig  oi  "Romeo  and  Juliet,"  together  with  selections  from 
Berlios's  dramatic  smyphony  of  the  same  title.     It  was  a  so-called 
printe  performance,  and  was  arranged  by  Sig.  A.  Carrano,  the 
Iste  player,  who  made  his  first  appearance  on  any  stage  as  Romea 
Tliis  was  the  first  time  this  dramatic  symphony  hsd  ever  been 
givco  in  conjunction  with  the  play.      There  was  an  orchestra  of 
aity  and  a  full  chorus.     The  cast  was: 

Paris Hairy  Gale 

Capulet     ....      JohQ  Satherland 

Apothecary I.  M.  Scbay 

Page Laura  Rc^e 

Fnar H.  A.  Weaver 

Balthazar W.  D.  StoQe 

Lady  Capulet  Mra.  H.  A.  Weaver 

Mapleson  commenced  a  season  of  Italian  opera  Oct.  22,  with 
Adelina  Pdtti,  Eugenie  Pappcnheim,  Raphela  Pattini  (first  ap- 
pearance), Emilia  Viannetti  (first  appearance),  Mile.  Dotti,  Jose- 
pUne  Yorke  (first  appearance),  Mme.  Lablache,  Valerga,  Etelka 
Gertter,  Signors  Bettini,  Perugini,  Rinaldini,  Nicolini,  Vasselli, 
Sifori,  Bellatt,  Del  Puente,  Galassi,  Cherubini,  Caracciolo,  Monti, 
Gfiffaati,  De  Vaschetti,  and  Lombardelli.     Mile.  Brambilla  was 

.     .     .     .      Sig.  A.  Carrano 
.     .     .     .     HamiltoQ  Harris 

Geo.  S.  Gray 

T^Ml Harry  Weaver 

hm W.  J.  Shea 

Mkt Louise  Muldener 

K«ae Louisa  Ekiridge 


premiere  danseuse.     ''  La  Somnambula  "  was  given  Oct.  23 
Gerster  as  Amina.      Gerster  was  in  particularly  good  voic 
night,  and  when  she  began   to  sing  the  house  was  absc 
silent     In  fact,  the  stillness  seemed  to  increase  as  she  sai^ 
when  she  got  to  the  higher  notes  people  seemed  to  have  tt 
breathing.     Clear  as  a  bell  her  voice  continued  to  mount, 
finally  it  had  struck  the  high  F.     It  was  such  a  wonderfi 
that  when  she  stopped  the  house  remained  silent     People 
so  overwhelmed  that  they  could  not  recover  in  time  to  ap 
While  this  death-like  stillness  prevailed  a  German  in  the  t^ 
lery,   aroused    beyond    his   self-control,    shouted  out,    *'G 
Himmel,  dot  vas  der  high  Fl"     That  brought  down  the 
broke  the  spell  under  which  we  were  all  enthralled,  and  a 
wind  of  laughter  and  applause  followed.     With  her  face  wr 
in  smiles  Gerster  ran  off  the  stage. 

That  was  not  the  climax,  however,  for,  enthusiasm  beio 
let  loose,  the  entire  audience  arose  and  shouted  and  insiste 
the  singer's  return.  She  came  back,  flushed  with  triump 
began  to  sing  again.  Again  her  voice  mounted  up  as  hig 
had  before,  and  this  time  the  suspense  was  even  greater,  t 
it  seemed  impossible  that  she  could  accomplish  such  a  woi 
performance  twice  in  the  same  night ;  but  she  was  in  magi 
voice  and  never  faltered  once.  In  fact,  the  second  trial  r 
in  a  greater  triumph  than  the  first;  and  the  second  high 
clearer,  fuller,  and  more  beautiful  than  the  other. 

Etelka  Gerster  now  lives  secluded  from  the  world  in  a 
situated  on  the  summit  of  a  mountain  near  the  city  of  B< 
There  she  passes  her  days  in  superintending  the  education 
children,  in  reading  and  in  needlework.  Her  voice  is  said 
lost  none  of  its  brilliant  qualities,  but  the  precarious  condi 
her  health  prevents  her  from  even  thinking  of  ever  appearin 
in  public. 

"  Rigoletto  "  was  sung  Oct.  24.  Mme.  Eugenie  Pappenh 
appeared  Oct  26  in  "Norma,"  with  Sig.  Falletti,  a  newco 
Pollione.  Mme.  G.  Tiozzo  made  her  first  appearance  here  ' 
as  Azucena  in  "II  Trovatore."  Oct.  2  Mile.  Pattini,  Joi 
Yorke,  and  Sig.  Sivori  were  debutants,  in  "Faust,"  with  G 
Perugini  (Chatterton)  in  the  title  rdle.  Patti  made  her  f 
pearance  this  season  Oct.  9.  Ovide  Muzin,  violinist,  m 
d^but  here  Oct.  17  at  a  symphony  concert.  Mme. 
Nordica  made  her  d^but  here  Oct.  26  as  Marguerite  in  " '. 
Her  right  name  was  Lillian  Norton.  She  went  to  Paris,  '. 
and  made  her  d6but  at  the  Opera  House,  that  city,  June  24, 
Marguerite.  She  was  married  to  Frederick  A.  Gower,  a  Pro\ 
R.  I.,  journalist,  who  went  abroad  for  the  Bell  Telephone  co 
It  IM  said  that  he  lost  his  life  by  a  balloon  ascension  in  Fra 

msl  ACADEMY  OF   MUSIC  97 

An  amateur  performance  of  "  lolanthe  "  took  place  March  29  by 
die  Ladies'  Dramatic  Union.  The  proceeds  were  for  the  erection 
of  a  home  for  chronic  invalids.  Minnie  Seligman  appeared  as 
lolanthe.  Mapleson  began  another  season  April  14  with  "  Linda 
di  Cbamounix/'  Vicini  as  Carlo,  Galassi  as  Antonio,  Cherubini  as 
Flrefetti,  Caracciolo  as  Marchese,  and  Adelina  Patti  as  Linda. 
Arditi  was  conductor.  ''Elisir  d'Amore/'  with  Gerster  as  Adina, 
was  sung  April  16;  '' Romeo  e  Giulietta/' April  18,  Nicolini  as 
Romeo  and  Patti  as  Giulietta.  "  Lucia  di  Lammermoor/'  matinee, 
April  ig.  The  season  closed  with  the  matinee,  April  26,  when 
Gerster  sang  Marguerite  in  ''Faust"  A  second  performance  of 
"lolanthe,"  by  the  amateurs,  was  given  May  8  for  the  benefit  of 
the  Sheltering  Arms. 

The  season  of  1884-85  was  opened  Nov.  10  by  Mapleson,  with 
Adelina  Patti,  Ida  Ricetti,  Dotti,  Maria  Calvelli,  Emma  Nevada, 
Eoima  Steinbach,  Laruggia,  Mme.  Lablache,  Scalchi,  Signors  Car- 
dioali,  Bassetti,  Bieletto,  Vicini,  Emile  Engel,  Rinaldini,  Nicolini, 
De  Anna  Vaselli,  Pruetti,  De  Pasqualis,  Cherubini,  Nazzaro 
Ihnni,  De  Vaschetti,  and  Caracciolo.  Arditi  was  conductor; 
Ihlvina  Cavallazzi  and  Guiseppina  Baretta,  premieres  danseuses. 
Mile.  Steinbach  made  her  d^but  Nov.  17  as  Violetta  in  "  La  Tra- 
mta."  The  Thalia  Theatre  company  appeared  Nov.  18  in  "Boc- 
caccio," for  the  benefit  of  the  Kindergarten  of  the  Hebrew  Free 
Schools.  The  Astor  Place  colored  tragedy  company  gave 
"Damon  and  Pythias"  Nov.  2a 

Emma  Nevada  made  her  American  d^but  Nov.  24  as  Amina  in 
*La  Somnambula."     The  Actors'  Dramatic  Fund  took  a  benefit 
Bttin^e  Dec  4,  and  the  attraction  was  Joseph  Jeiferson  and  com- 
pinyin*'Lend  Me  Five  Shillings,"  Henry  Irving,  Ellen  Terry, 
and  the  London  Lyceum  company  in  the  fourth  act  of  "  The  Mer- 
chant of  Venice,"  Fanny  Davenport  and  company  in  "  Fedora,"  and 
Henry  E.  Dixey  and  company  in  "Adonis."     A  benefit  was  given 
Dec  18  to  A.  J.  Murphy,  the  superintendent  of  the  house,  when 
aa  operatic  concert  was  presented.      Clara  Louise  Kellogg  (her 
irst  appearance  here  in  six  years)  and  members  of  the  Mapleson 
opera  troupe,  appeared.     Patti  closed  her  engagement  Dec.  19  as 
Aanetta  in  "Crispino  e  la  Comare."     In  March,  1885,  this  house 
VIS  leased  by  William  Austin,  and  opened,  with  cheap  prices,  on 
March  23.     In  the  evening  the  Corinne  Opera  company  (without 
Corinne)  sang  "  The  Mascot. "    The  balance  of  the  week  the  troupe 
MppczTcd  afternoon  and  evening.     Mayor  Grace  felt  compelled  to 
interfere  with  Mr.  Austin's  plans  so  far  as  to  refuse  Corinne  per- 
Bission  to  sing  in  the  opera  proper,  while  allowing  her  to  appear 
between  the  acts.     His  season  closed  April  9. 
Mapleson  gave  six  extra  performances,  beginning  April  20  with 

"Soniramide,"    Patti  in  the  title  rdle;    April   21,    "La   Som- 
▼ — 7 

98         A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D««5 

nambula;"  April  22,  "Der  Freischutz;"  April  23,  "Mirella," 
final  appearance  of  Adelina  Patti;  April  24,  "La  Figlia  del  Reg- 
gimento/'  Emma  Nevada's  last  appearance  here;  matinee,  April 
25,  ''Lucia."  Martha  Morton's  travesty  on  ''May  Blossom"  was 
given  May  4  by  amateurs,  for  the  benefit  of  the  Montefiore  Home 
for  chronic  invalids. 

Edwin  Booth  and  Madame  Ristori  appeared  May  7  in  "  Macbeth  " : 

Lady  Macbeth 
Macduff  .  . 
Duncan  .  . 
First  Witch  . 
Second  Witch 
Third  Witch 
Lennox     .    • 

.    .    .       Ristori 

.  Edmund  Tearle 

Harry  A.  Lanjg^don 

•  .  Kate  Clinton 
.    .  Frank  Little 

•  Marion  Clifton 
.    Fanny  Gillette 

Geo.  Griffith 

Macheth Edwin  Booth 

Banquo Walter  Kelly 

Drunken  Porter     .    .      Edwin  Cleary 

Malcolm Ivan  Shirley 

Donalbain     •    .    .    Katherine  Linyard 
Fleance    .    .    .  Master  Chas.  Thropp 

Rosse Chas.  A.  Noms 

Seyton J.  B. 

Mecca  Temple,  Nobles  of  the  Mystic  Shrine,  the  largest  secret 
organization  in  America,  took  a  benefit  June  15 ;  the  following  was 
the  programme : 

"Captain  Mishler,"  with  Gus  Williams  in  title  rdle;  recitation, 
"The  Wreck  of  the  Hesperus,"  by  Robert  Mantell;  piano  solo  by 
Henrietta  Markstein;  Gus  Phillips  in  German  eccentricities. 
Frank  E.  McNish  in  "Silence  and  Fun;"  recitation.  Little 
Bertie  Boswell,  only  three  and  a  half  years  of  age;  "The  Old 
Kentucky  Home"  (one  act),  with  Frank  Weston,  Effie  Ellsler, 
and  her  company;  recitation,  Frank  Mayo;  song,  Vemona  Jarbeau; 
Henry  T.  Bryant,  in  scene  of  ventriloquism ;  George  S.  Knighti 
in  "Dutch  reminiscences;"  recitation,  Harriet  Webb;  tumbleroni- 
con  and  zither  by  D.  W.  Robertson  and  H.  J.  Schmalix.  The: 
receipts  were  1^3,789.50. 

James  W.  Collier  was  tendered  a  benefit  afternoon  and  evening 
of  June  24,  and  the  following  was  the  programme :  afternoon,  "  jf^ 
Conjugal  Lesson,"  by  John  T.  Raymond  and  Ida  Vernon;  Bar= 
tholdi  Grand  March,  Solomon,  orchestra  conducted  by  the  con^ 
poser;  Lillian  Russell  in  song,  "The  Silver  Line;"  Charles 
Ellis  in  a  selection  of  songs,  assisted  by  Baby  Blanche,  follow 
by  scenes  from  the  fifth  act  of  "  Richard  III.,"  N.  C.  Goodwin,  Jr-  j 
Richard ;  John  A.  Mackay  as  Richmond ;  the  trio,  "  Read  the  An« 
swer  in  the  Stars,"  Digby  Bell,  Mathilde  Cottrelly,  and  De  Wolf 
Hopper;  orchestra  conducted  by  Sig.  De  Novellis;  Lillian  Con- 
way  in  musical  morceaux.      The  performance  concluded  with  a 
scene  from  "Adonis,"  introducing  Henry  E.  Dixey.     In  the  even- 
ing Maggie  Mitchell  appeared  in  "  Fanchon ; "  J.  H.  Stoddart  in 
"The  Long  Strike;"  the  fourth  act  of  "Richelieu,"  by  Thomas 
W.  Keene  and  company.     During  the  summer  many  alterations 
were  made  in  the  house. 




The  opcfa  season  was  opened  by  Colonel  Mapleson,  Nov.  2,  with 
"Carmen/'  cast  thus: 

Don  Jose Sig.  Ravelli   II  Dancairo Caracciolo 

Cicamiao Del  Puente   II  Remendado Rinaldini 

Miduela Mile.  Dotti  Zaniga De  Vaschetti 

Paqoita   «...  Mile.  Bauenneister  Meroedes     ....    Mme.  Lablache 
Minnie  Hauck 

This  was  Minnie  Hauck's  first  appearance  in  three  years.  Felia 
Iitvino£f  made  her  American  d^ut  Nov.  6  as  Leonora  in  '^II 
Trovatore."  Mile.  Alma  Fohrstrom  first  appeared  on  the  Ameri- 
can stage  Nov.  9  in  the  title  rdle  of  ''Lucia  di  Lammermoor." 
The  season  closed  matinee  of  Nov.  28  with  "Faust"  Leonore 
Gordon  Hussey,  an  amateur,  appeared  Dec.  10  in  "Leah." 

An  Italian  operatic  entertainment  was  given  Dec  19  by  Mme. 
Morio-Celli  and  several  of  her  pupils,  with  the  assistance  of 
Shpleson's  principal  artists.  Sig.  Salvini  and  his  company  ap- 
peared Dec.  21  in  "The  Gladiator."  The  performance  was  to 
benefit  the  New  York  Exchange  for  Women's  Work.  J.  H. 
Mapleson's  benefit  took  place  Dec.  23,  when  Jules  Massenet's 
opn,  ''Manon,"  was  given  for  the  first  time  in  America. 

The  American  Opera  company  under  the  conductorship  of  Theo. 
Thomas,  commenced  Jan.  4,  1886,  with  the  first  performance  in 
America  of  "The  Taming  of  the  Shrew."  In  it  Pauline  TAlle- 
nand  made  her  American  d^but,  and  Kate  Bensberg  her  operatic 
Hbnt  This  opera  was  repeated  Jan.  6,  and  matinee,  Jan.  9^ 
Clock's  "  Orpheus  and  Eurydice  "  was  sung  Jan.  8,  for  the  first 
ti*ne  in  its  entirety  since  1863.  It  was  repeated  Jan.  18.  "  Lohen- 
grin" was  sung  Jan.  20  for  the  first  time  in  English,  when  Wil- 
liam Candidas  made  his  d^but  in  opera;  Myron  Whitnev  appeared 
for  the  first  time  with  this  company.  Emma  Juch  joined  the 
organization  as  Pllsa ;  Helen  Hastreiter  made  her  first  appearance 
as  Ortrud,  Alonzo  Stoddard  (first  appearance)  as  Telramund,  and 
E  J.  O'Mahony  as  the  Herald.  "The  Magic  Flute"  was  sung 
Jan.  27.     "The  Merry  Wives  of  Windsor,"  Feb.    10-12. 

"Lakme  "  was  sung  for  the  first  time  in  America  March  i,  with 
diu  cast : 

Rose .  .  . 
Mrs.  Benton 
Malika  .  . 
Hadji     .     . 

Helen  Dudley  Campbell 

.    .    .    Mav  Fielding 

Jessie  Bartlett  Davis 

.    .  W.  H.  Fessenden 

Lakme    ....    Panline  TAUemand 
^Hhkantha  ....     A.  £.  Stoddard 

Gerald W.  Candldns 

Frtderick W.  H.  Ue 

£len Charlotte  Walker 

"The  Flying  Dutchman  "  was  heard  March  17,  with  William  Lud- 
vig  IS  the  Dutchman.  Whitney  Mockridge  also  made  his  d^but 
ai  Eric  The  different  operas  given  by  the  American  Opera  com- 
pany, and  the  number  of  times  each  was  performed,  are  as  follows: 
"Tbc  Taming  of  the  Shrew,"  five  times;  "The  Magic  Flute." 


five;  "Marriage  of  Jeannette/'  and  "Sylvia,"  five  each;  "The 
Flying  Dutchman,"  seven;  "The  Merry  Wives  of  Windsor," 
nine;  "Lohengrin,"  ten;  "Lakme,"  eleven;  and  "Orpheus  and 
Eurydice,"  thirteen. 

John  A.  Mackay  took  a  benefit  afternoon  of  April  22,  when  H. 
E.  Dixey  appeared  with  the  beneficiary  in  a  travesty,  by  Sydney 
Rosenfeld,  of  the  dagger  scene  in  "Macbeth."  Others  who  ap- 
peared were,  Marie  Aimee  and  her  company,  R.  C.  Hilliard,  Frank 
Lincoln,  Mae  St.  John,  Francis  Wilson,  Tony  Hart,  Courtice 
Pounds,  Rosina  Yokes,  Victoria  Schilling,  George  Thome,  and 
Elsie  Cameron. 

The  Booth-Salvini  company  appeared  April  26  in  "  Othello 


Othello Tomaso  Salvini 

lago Edwin  Booth 

Emilia  ....  Mrs.  D.  P.  Bowers 
Desdemona  .  .  Marie  Wainwright 
Brabantio  .  .  .  .  C.  W.  Couldock 
The  Doge  of  Venice  .  .  Barton  Hill 
Cassio Alexander  Salvini 

Montano John  A.  Lane 

Roderigo G.  W.  Wilson 

Lodovico James  Wallis 

Gratiano Alfred  Heam 

Paulo E.  E.  Delamater 

A  Herald Stuart  Clarke 

A  Messenger  ....     Royal  Roche 

Salvini's  Othello  showed  the  softness  of  the  dove  at  one  time,  and 
the  savagery  of  the  tiger  at  the  other.  In  its  rage  it  was  animal 
and  African,  and  in  its  calm  it  was  manly  and  human.  The  tragedy 
was  given  at  somewhat  greater  length  than  usual  here.  Othello 
struck  Desdemona  in  the  face  with  the  letter  scroll,  and  the  kill- 
ing of  that  lady  was  done  first  by  smothering,  and  finished  with 
the  dagger. 

"  Othello  "  thus  cast  was  a  performance  which  must  be  recorded 
as  one  of  the  greatest  dramatic  events  of  the  age.  Edwin  Booth 
was  "  incapacitated  "  while  acting  lago,  May  5. 

A  musical  and  dramatic  matinee  was  given  May  6  in  aid  of  the 
Bartholdi  Fund  to  erect  the  Statue  of  Liberty.  Among  the  volun- 
teers were  Mrs.  James  Brown-Potter,  Marie  Wainwright,  A.  Sal- 
vini, Mme.  Fursch-Madi,  Louis  James,  Helen  Dauvray,  and  Fanny 
Davenport.  The  latter  lady  sang  the  Marseillaise  with  the  French 
choral  societies. 

"  The  Sultan  of  Zanzibar "  was  presented  May  8  for  the  first 
time  on  any  stage  in  French,  by  Chevalier  De  Kontski :  Mme. 
Isadore  Martinez,  Mile.  Ida  Covani,  Mr.  Richard,  M.  Vicarino,  P. 
Cleck,  and  H.  Rykers  in  the  cast.  A  "  season  "  of  Italian  opera 
under  the  direction  of  Sig.  Angelo  opened  Oct.  18  with  "lone," 
an  old  opera  by  Petrilla.  In  the  cast  were  Sig.  Giannini,  Mme. 
Mestres,  Blanche  Montaldo,  Pogliano,and  Sig.  Pinto,  basso.  Nov. 
I  "  Un  Ballo  in  Maschera  "  was  sung  by  the  same  company.  Nov. 
5  the  season  closed  prematurely.  "Rigoletto"  had  been  an- 
nounced for  that  night.  It  was  not  sung,  nor  was  "La  Juive" 
given  Nov.  3  as  billed.     Business  had  been  bad  from  the  start, 




and  there  was  a  quarrel  between  Angelo  and  Julia  Valda,  the 

backers  of  the  venture.     Adelina  Patti  appeared  in  concert  Nov. 

18.     Sig.  Guille,  a  new  tenor,  was  among  those  who  assisted  her. 

At  the  second  concert,  afternoon  of  Nov.  20,  Patti  sang  the  jewel 

long  from  "  Faust. " 
A  charity  entertainment  was  given  afternoon  and  evening,  Feb. 

17,  1887,  in  aid  of  a  fund  for  the  new  La  Salle  Institute  of  the 

Christian  Brothers.  On  the  afternoon  of  April  21  William  Dav- 
idgc  took  a  **  testimonial  benefit "  to  celebrate  his  fiftieth  year  of 
constant  service  upon  the  stage, — thirty-seven  years  in  America 
md  thirteen  years  in  Great  Britain  and  Ireland.  The  following 
WIS  the  programme:  Dockstader's  Minstrels;  Screen  scene  from 
"The  School  for  Scandal,"  John  Gilbert  as  Sir  Peter  Teazle,  Kyrle 
Bellew  as  Charles  Surface,  Herbert  Kelcey  as  Joseph  Surface, 
Annie  Robe  as  Ladv  Teazle;  Mme.  Janauschek  and  company  in 
the  death  scene  of  ^'Meg  Merrilies,"  with  this  cast: 

McfMerrilies  ....  Jaoauschek 
Dnfie  DtniBoot  .  .  Geo.  D.  Chaplin 
Hevy  Bertram  .  .  Alex.  H.  Stuart 
Cobod  Guy  Mannering  James  Garden 
Doainie  Sampton  .  .  E.  A.  Eberle 
BaiSe  Bearcliff  .  .  .  .  T.  Beverly 
CObm  GloMon    ....  Giles  Shine 

Dirk  Hattrick  .    .    Beverly  W.  Turner 

Jacob  Tabos M.  Brewer 

Gabriel Louis  Bresn 

{ulia  Mannering  .  .  .  Marston  Leigh 
.ucy  Bertram  .  .  .  Lavinia  Shannon 
Mrs.  McCandlish  .  .  Kate  Fletcher 
Flora      .    •    •    •  Josephine  C.  Bailey 

After  this  came  one  scene  from  **  The  Love  Chase 


Sir  William  Fondk>ve 

Charles  Wheatleigh 

^"Wrike E.  H.  Sothem 

^'iDer Frank  Rodney 

Tmtvorth  .     .     .     Joseph  E.  Whiting 
Hanphhes      ....  Henry  Clayton 

Lash Claude  Brooke 

Servant W.  Pembroke 

Widow  Green Ida  Vernon 

Lydia Adeline  Stanhope 

Phcebe Percy  Haswell 

Constance  ....      Helen  Dauvray 

Next  came  second  act  of  "  Saints  and  Sinners  " : 

a  Fletcher 
Capt  Eustace. 

Marie  Burroughs 

.  J.  H.  Stoddart 

Robert  HiUiard 

Ralph  Kingsmill  .     .     .    L.  F.  Massen 
Jack  Raddles  .     .      Henry  J.  HoUiday 
H.  S.  Millward 

Mr.  Davidge  then  addressed  the  audience  and  was  followed  by 
tbe  second  act  of  "The  Golden  Giant": 

Bessie  Fairfax      .  Mrs.  McKee  Rankin 
Ethel  Gray Daisy  Dorr 

Almnder  Fairfax  .  McKee  Rankin 
iKkMasoo  .  .  .  Robert  Hilliard 
Biiby Charles  Stanley 

Then  Loie  Fuller  and  Carrie  Coote  gave  vocal  selections,  and 
the  performance  concluded  with  the  farce  of  "The  Wandering 
Minstrel " : 

!hb  l\2sx%  ....  William  Davidge 
Mr.  Crincum  .  .  .  Henry  Holliday 
Herbert  Carol  ....  Henry  Hallam 
*».  Tvtedlt  .    .    .    .  C.  P.  Flockton 

Mrs.  Crincum  .     .    Mrs.  E.  G.  Phillips 

Julia Vemona  Jarbeau 

Peggy Marie  Greenwald 

I02      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Ci«^ 

The  Academy  property  was  sold  to  W.  B.  Dinsmore  April  27, 
1887,  for  $zoo,ocx).  It  was  put  up  at  the  Real  Estate  exchange 
and  knocked  down  to  Director  Dinsmore,  subject  to  a  mortgage 
of  |ii95»ooo,  because  nobody  else  would  make  a  bid.  At  that  time 
Mr.  Dinsmore  stated  that  he  bought  the  property  on  the  impulse 
of  the  moment  as  an  investment.  It  comprised  about  ten  lots  in 
the  very  heart  of  the  city.  A  few  weeks  afterwards  W.  P. 
Douglas  bought  the  property,  paying  1^325,000  for  it.  The  deed 
was  recorded  in  the  Registrar's  Office  Aug.  31.  The  property  was 
sold  subject  to  a  mortgage  to  secure  the  pa3rment  of  1^195,000  to 
the  executors  of  John  Schenck.  Mr.  Douglas,  by  a  mortgage  re- 
corded Aug.  30  borrowed  |i3CX),ooo  from  the  Connecticut  Mutual 
Life  Insurance  company,  to  enable  him  to  buy  the  property. 

This  house  was  first  opened  as  a  combination  theatre  —  that  is, 
it  was  rented  to  travelling  companies  for  two  or  more  weeks  at  a 
time — Sept.  19  with  the  "Tank"  play,  "A  Dark  Secret,"  which 
had  this  cast : 

James  Norton ....    Harry  Ashton 

Stephen Hudson  Listen 

Nat Chas.  Cummings 

Arthur  Loates ....     Geo.  Backus 

NeUy      .    . 
Cecil  Rayner 
May  Joyce  . 
Emilie    .     . 

Virginia  Nelson 
•  Clarence  Herita|;e 
.  Dora  Goldthwaite 
Gabrielle  du  Saukl 

Eugene  Tompkins  and  Ed.  G.  Gilmore  commenced  as  managers 
of  this  house  Nov.  28.  The  spectacle  of  "The  Arabian  Nights" 
opened  Dec  5  for  two  weeks.  Week  of  Dec.  19  the  theatre  was 
closed,  but  reopened  Dec.  26  with  the  Booth-Barrett  company  in 
"Julius  Caesar."  Most  of  the  orchestra  seats  sold  for  $2.$o,  a 
few  for  $2^  and  all  the  balcony  back  of  the  first  two  rows  for 
^i.  50.     The  cast  was : 

Lawrence  Barrett 

.  John  A.  Lane 

Lawrence  Hanley 

Frederic  Vroom 

J.  L.  Finnej 

Minna  K.  Gale 

Bmtus Edwin  Booth 

Decius Charles  Collins 

Casca B.  G.  Rogers 

Metellus  Cimber  .    •    L.  J.  Henderson 
Trebonius   ....  Chas.  B.  Hanford 

Cinna Edwin  Royle 

Calphumia .    .    .     Elizabeth  Robbins 

March  19  Bamay,  the  German  tragedian,  appeared  as  King  Lear 
with  this  cast : 

Cassius  .  .  . 
Julius  Caesar  . 
Octavius  Csesar 
Popilius  Lena  . 
Titanius .  .  . 
Portia     .    .     . 

Koenig  von  Frankreich  Carl  Mueller 
Herzog  von  Burgund  Alexis  Schoenlank 
Herzog  von  Cornwall  Heinrich  Zilzer 
Herzog  von  Albanien 
Graf  von  Gloster  .  . 
Graf  von  Kent  .  . 
Koenig  Lear 

.  Julius  Metz 
Reinhold  Bojok 
.  Gustav  Koper 

Hen*  Barnay 

Edmund  . 
Der  Narr 
Oswald  . 
Goneril  . 
Regan  . 
Cordelia  . 

Hugo  Ranzenbeig 
.    .    .  M.  Hoppe 
.     .  Moritz  Moritz 
.  Hermann  Haack 
Antonie  Ziegler 
Auguste  Burmester 
Hermine  Reichenbach 

Edgar Arthur  Meyer 

Bamay's  Lear  lacked  grandeur  of  conception  and  dignity  of 
mien.      It  was  neither  picturesque  nor  pathetic.      It  did    not 




t.  .  \  the  heart,  neither  did  it  fill  the  imagination  or  satisfy  the 

:t.     March  21,  22,  an  act  each  of  ''Richard  III.,"  "Wil- 

rdl/'  and   "Julius  Caesar"  were  given;  March  23  and  24, 

■■;-l  Acosta;"  matinee,  March   24,  "Othella"     This  closed 

iv.r'.iv's  engagement  at  this   house,  also  with  Conreid  &  Herr- 

n-.r..  his  managers,  and  "Julius  Caesar"  was  played  during  the 

(.r:i;;cmcnt  of  two  weeks.     The  pantomime  of ''Mazulm,  or  the 

N ..h:  Owl/*  Jan.  9,   1888: 

MujIti  .     .     .     . 
^:  Ml  of  Purity  . 

H47>:utQ   .     .    . 

.  A.  H.  Denham 

Hattie  Grinnell 

.     .    T.  S.  Dare 

Albert  Martinetti 

Policeman Wm.  Eunice 

Pantaloon  .     .    .  W.  H.  Bartholoniew 
Columbine Louise  AUen 

Luuwig  Bamay,  the  German  actor,  was  announced  to  make  his 
dcDiit  March  12,  under  the  management  of  Conreid  &  Herrmann. 
B;it  the  audience  was  so  small  that  it  was  dismissed  by  the  man- 
agement The  slim  attendance  was  owing  to  the  memorable  bliz- 
zard—a  snowstorm  long  to  be  remembered.  Very  few  of  the 
theatres  were  able  to  open  their  doors,  as  the  streets  were  almost 
impassable.  The  following  night  there  was  another  small  sized 
lioose,  occasioned  by  the  storm,  but  March  15  Bamay  appeared  in 
"Kean,"  a  play  made  familiar  by  him  during  his  first  American 
eangement  at  the  Thalia,  in  1883.  The  cast  of  '^Kean"  was  as 

Gioi|e,  Prins  tod  Wales 

Hugo  Ranxenberg 
Graf  fon  Coefeld  Hermann  Haack 

Gnefio  Helena    .     .      Antonie  Ziegler 
Gnefin  Amy  von  Goswill 

Auj^uste  Buimester 
Lady  Sarah  Brighton,   Eugenie  Schmitz 

Sir  Arthur  NeyiUe  Alexis  Schoenlank 
Anna  Danby  •  Hermine  Reichenbach 
Edmund  Kean  .  .  Lndwig  Damay 
Lord  Melvill    ....    Arthur  Meyer 

Darius Moritz  Moritz 

Salomon Gnstav  Kober 

Pistol Uli  Petri 

On  March  16  and  17  he  appeared  in  "Othello,"  with  this  cast: 

Der  EV^e  ron  Venedij|[.    Heinrich  Zilzer 
Dademnna  Hermine  Reichenbach 

Bnhantio  ....      Reinhold  Bo^k 

GruUao Julius  Metz 

Lodorico    .     .     .      Alexis  Schoenlank 
Otbrllo Ludwig  Bamay 

Cassio Hugo  Ranzenberg 

Yago Gustav  Kober 

Roderigo Arthur  Meyer 

Montana     ....     Hermann  Haack 
Emilia Antonie  Ziegler 

This  was  his  first  performance  of  the  character  in  this  country. 
Bvnay  was  wonderfully  picturesque  and  romantic  —  a  little  too 
a^ch  in  color  —  the  negro  rather  than  the  Moor,  perhaps,  but  a 
talvart  and  impressive  Moor. 

Tony  Hart  had  a  benefit  here  matinie  of  March  15,  when  the 
ly.lowins:  programme  was  offered:  Overture  by  an  enlarged  volun- 
teer band  of  fifty  pieces,  comprising  members  of  the  orchestras 
*i  the  P'ourtccnth  Street  Theatre,  the  People's  Theatre,  and  the 

I04      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Zibbb 

Grand  Opera  House  by  the  courtesy  of  their  respective  leaders, 
under  the  direction  of  Wm.    Lloyd  Bowron  of  the  Fourteenth 
Street  Theatre;  Ferguson  and  Mack  in  their  specialties;  Frank 
Mayo  and  company  in  the  first  act  of  "  The  Royal  Guard ;  **  cast : 
D'Artagnan,  a  Gascon  adventurer,  Frank  Mayo;  Captain  de  Tre- 
ville,  Ralph  Howard ;  Athos,  Wm.  Harcourt ;  Porthos,  D.  Hanchett; 
Aramis,  Robert  Neil;  Count  Rochefort,  a  spy  of  Richelieu's,  E. 
Parish;   Brissac,    Captain   of  Richelieu's  Guard,    L.    Johnstone; 
Mons.  Bonacieux  of  the  Lion  d'Or,  D.  Rivers;  Jaques,  J.   Lori- 
mer;  Perrott,   T.    H.   Conly;  Lady  de  Winter,    Alice  Fischer; 
Constance,    Frances  Graham;    Nannette,    Gladys   Graves;    peas- 
ants, guards,  etc.      Charles  Reed,   comic  recitation;  Arthur  L. 
Oswald,  aria,  "  Lend  Me  Your  Aid ; "  Marshall  P.  Wilder,  origi- 
nal sketch  (accompanied  by  Morris  Phillips);  W.  J.  Scanlan  and 
company  in  the  second  act  of  "Shane-na-Lawn;"  cast:  Shane-na- 
Lawn,  with  songs,  W.  J.  Scanlan ;  John  Power,  C.  H.  Thompson ; 
Gerald  Power,  George  W.  Deyo ;  Harry  Redmond,  Charles  Dade ; 
Mat  Kerwin,  W.  R.  Ogden;  Ronald,  Thaddeus  Shine;  Buckley, 
C.  R.  Webster;  Agent  Dillon,  Albert  Morrell;  Rose  Redmond, 
Kate  Blancke;    Peggy  O'Moore,    Kitty   O'Shea;    Mrs.    Powers, 
Millie  Sackett;  Marie  Jansen,  ballad;  Harry  Edwards,  recitation, 
"A   Manager's  Story "(E.  Collier);  Warning  and  assassination 
scenes  of  "Julius  Caesar;"   cast:    Julius  Caesar,  Charles  Kent; 
Brutus,    Wm.    H.   Crane ;   Marc  Antony,    N.    C.    Goodwin,  Jr. ; 
Cassius,    Stuart    Robson;    Decius,    Henry    Bergman;     Flavius, 
Francis  Wilson;  Soothsayer,  J.  B.  Mason;  Casca,  Frank  Mayo; 
Trebonius,  Osmund  Tearle;  Metellus,  Steele  Mackaye;  Popillius, 
Robert  E.  Hilliard;  Calphumia,  Selina  Fetter;  senators,  priests, 
lictors,  guards,  citizens,  etc.,  by  prominent  professional  people, 
assisted  by  the  supernumerary  forces  from  "Paul  Kauvar; "  Dave 
Reed,  end  man  and  bone  soloist,  assisted  by  Eugenie  Reed,  and 
Mrs.  Dave  Reed  in  "Hydrophobia,  or  a  Dish  of  Reed  Birds;" 
Mabel  Stillman,  whistling;  Clarence  Worrall,  comet  solo;  John 
and  Edna  Vidocq,  in  "Rehearsal."     Stage  director,  Henry  Flohr. 
Satin  programmes  were  sold  by   Mrs.    G.  W.   Floyd  and  Mrs. 
Louise  Eldridge,  who  realized  j^200  in  this  way.     The  total  re- 
ceipts of  the  benefit  were  about  $10,500.     An  auction  sale  of  seats 
for  the  benefit  took  place  March  8,  at  the  Madison  Square  Theatre. 
N.  C.  Goodwin,  Jr.,  was  the  auctioneer.     He  was  playing  an  en- 
gagement in  Philadelphia  that  week,  but  came  on  to  attend  the  sale, 
and  returned  in  time  for  the  evening  show. 

Daniel  E.  Bandmann  began  an  engagement  March  26,  for  one 
week,  in  "  Dr.  Jekyll  and  Mr.  Hyde. "  The  National  Opera  com- 
pany was  heard  April  2  in  "  Nero ; "  April  3,  Goldmark's  "  Queen 
of  Sheba,"  with  Chas.  O.  Bassett  as  Assad,  Mme.  Pierson  as  Sula- 
mith.  Miss   Fabris  as  Astarotb,  and  Mrs.  Poole  as  the  Queen. 



The  rest  of  the  cast  included  Messrs.  Vetta,  Stoddard,  and  Merton ; 
April  4  '' Tannhitiser "  was  sung,  for  the  first  time  in  this  city  in 
English;  April  5,  ''Faust/'  with  Barton  McGuckin,  the  tenor, 
in  the  title  rAle,  Amande  Fabris  as  Margherita,  Vetta  as  Meph- 
istopheles,  and  Stoddard  as  Valentine;  April  6,  ''The  Flying 

Campanini  began  a  short  season  April  16  with  Verdi's  opera, 
"Otello,"  originally  produced  at  La  Scala,  Milan,  one  year  pre- 
viously.    Here  it  bad  this  cast: 

Roderigo Barbells 

Montane Maina 

Desdemona  (first  appearance) 

Signora  Tertrazzini 
Emilia Signora  Scalchi 

OlcDo  (fifsl  iqipearance  in  America) 

Cwio  (first  appearance  in  America) 

De  Comis 

IiCO Galaasi 

Lodovico Bologna 

Marconi,  the  new  tenor,  was  a  failure,  and  did  not  sing  after 
April  18.  Campanini  appeared  as  Otello  April  2a  The  season 
cloied  disastrously  mating  April  28,  with  "Otello,"  and  it  is 
doubtful  if  a  worse  business  was  ever  done  at  this  house  with 
Italian  opera.  Marconi,  of  whom  so  much  was  expected,  disap- 
pointed every  one.  No  opera  that  has  ever  been  produced  on  this 
tide  of  the  Atlantic  had  received  such  an  amount  of  gratuitous 
advertising  as  "Otello."  Yet,  even  at  the  first  performance  here, 
the  opera  was  a  complete  and  melancholy  failure. 

The  Howard  Athenaeum  Specialty  company  came  for  one  week, 
commencing  April  3a 

"The  Mystery  of  a  Hansom  Cab"  was  acted  for  the  first  time  in 
Xew  York  city,  May  7.  It  was  originally  produced  in  this  country 
it  the  Amphion  Theatre,  Brooklyn.     The  cast  here  was : 

Kroa  Fitiferald 
^oftr  Moreland 
Kikip     .     .    . 

Ofiifi  }Khytt  . 
Fe5i  RoUeston 
Hr  CaltOQ 
Dr.  ChiostoQ  . 
Ittpcctor  ai  Police 
Caboaa  No.  i,io4    . 
X  No.  43 

Frank  C.  Banes 

Wm.  Morns 

W.  S.  Harkins 

.    Hcnnr  Lee 

£.  D.  Lyons 

Wm.  Lee 

Herbert  Ajrling 

Edmund  Grace 

.  Henry  Vernon 

.  John  Swinbum 

.     Jos.  MitcheU 

.    Wm.  Johnson 

Frank  Mayo  played  here  one  week  in  "The  Streets  of  New 
York,"  opening  May  14.  Week  of  May  21  the  house  was  closed. 
Sunday  night.  May  27,  a  benefit  for  the  New  York  Press  Club 
building  fund  took  place. 

Louis  James  and  Marie  Wainwright,  with  their  travelling  com- 
laay,  began  a  week's  engagement  May  28  in  "  Virginius  " : 

Ben  Morgan    .     . 
Servant  .... 
Newsboy     .     .     . 
Madge  Fretelby  • 
Mother  Guttersnipe 
Mrs.  Sampson 
Mrs.  Felix  Rolleston, 
Rosanna  Moore,  Sal 

Mrs.  Morgan  • 

.     .     .  Littleton 

Mr.  Sylvester 

Chas.  Delacker 

Bijou  Heron 

Marion  Bond 

.  Carrie  Jamison 

Florence  Windram 


Helen  Bancroft 
.  Sallie  liinston 
.     .  Carrie  Allen 


Virginius  .  . 
Appius  Claudius 
Caius  Claudius 
Dentatus  .  . 
Icilius  .  .  • 
Lucius    .    .    . 

Louis  James 

Wm.  Harris 

.  ErroU  Dunbar 

H.  A.  Langdon 

F.  C.  Mosley 

Edward  N.  Hojt 

.  Willis  Granger 

Titus E-Y.  I 

Marcus Hairr  Le 

First  Soldier ^  C 

Servia Kate 

Female  Slaye  ....  Aurelia 
Virginia.    .    .    .     Marie  Wak 

"Othello"  and  "Ingomar"  were  also  played  during  the  ' 
John  L.  Sullivan,  the  pugilist,  took  a  "benefit*'  June  4. 
house  reopened  Aug.  30,  with  Eugene  Tompkins  and  E.  G 
more  as  managers,  and  with  Denman  Thompson  as  the  st 
"The  Old  Homestead,"  which  had  this  cast: 

Joshua  Whitcomb 
Frank  Hopkins 
John  Freeman 
Rickety  Ann    . 
Annie  Hopkins 
Cy.  Prime  .    . 

Den  Thompson 

Chauncy  Olcott 

Frank  Thompson 

Annie  Thompson 

Venie  Thompson 

.  Geo.  A.  Beane 

Happy  Jack Walt 

Kb.  Ganzey  .  .  .  .  J.  L.  ] 
Aunt  Matilda  ....  Louisa 
Nellie  Freeman  .  .  .  LUliai 
Maggie  ....      Minnie  La 

A  benefit  for  the  German  Press  Club  took  place  Sunday 
Oct.   28.      Mme.    Herbert -Foerster,   Max  Alvary,   Bertha 
Helen  Von   Doenhoff,  Emil   Fischer,  Isabelle   Urquhart, 
Maydue,  Conrad  Ansorge,  Max  Bendix,  Gus  Williams,  R 
Fitrot,  and  a  number  of  German  singing  societies  gave  the 
vices.     Dockstader's  Minstrels  were  heard  in  white  face  S 
evening,  Dec.  30.     Jas.  Blamphin,  the  harpist,  and  Jules 
cornetist,    also  appeared.      A  testimonial   benefit  was  tej 
May  26,   1889,  to  the  family  of  the  late  Hon.  Michael  N 
when    a    host   of   voluntary  artists  appeared,  including   C 
O.  Bassett,  Maud   Powell,  Georgine  Von   Januschowsky,  ( 
Ansorge,  Blanche  Walsh,  Alice  J.  Shaw,  and  others.     The 
was  given  under  the  auspices  of  Mayor  Hugh  J.  Grant  and 
city  officials.      The  amount  raised  by  the  testimonial  was 
;$20,ocx>.    "The  Old  Homestead"  terminated  its  first  run  Sa 
evening,  June  i,  1889,  when  the  house  closed  for  one  wee 
reopened  June   10  with  Bartholomew's  Equine  Paradox, 
stay  was  very  brief,  and  the  house  closed  until  Thursday  e\ 
Sept.  25,  when  Mr.  Thompson  commenced  another  season  oi 
Old  Homestead."  The  season  closed  May  10, 189a  James  C. 
opera  company  appeared  here  May  12  in  "  Pinafore  " :  Sir 
Porter,  Digby  Bell;  Captain  Corcoran,  W.  H.  Clarke;  Ralph 
straw,  Chauncey  Olcott ;  Dick  Deadeye,  Frank  Pearson ;  Boai 
W.  H.  MacLaughlin;  Josephine,  Gertrude  Sears;  Hebe,  Kat 
bert;  Little  Buttercup,    Laura  Joyce  Bell.     "The  Mikadc 
sung  June  2  :  Digby  Bell,  Ko  Ko ;  Chauncey  Olcott,  Nanki 
Laura  Joyce  Bell,  Katisha;  Yum  Yum,  Gertrude  Sears;  an 
Bah,  William  MacLaughlin ;  Jos.  C.  Fay,  Leona  Clarke. 

Tlie  next  dramatic  season  opened  Aug.  23  with  the  fo] 



English  specialty  company:    The  Montague  troupe  of  acrobats, 

Sirob  and  Trepp,  Rodo  Leo  Rapoli,  equilibrist;  Dan  Emerson, 

vocalist;  the  Hulines,  the  Waterbury  Family,  the  Hanlon  Volters 

(Dot  the  original  Hanlon  Bros.),  the  Paul  Martinetti  pantomime 

company.     The  gymnastic  act  of  Zampillaerostation  was  done  bv 

the  Hanlon  Volters,  and  the  afterpiece  was  "A  Terrible  Night 

All  of  the  specialty  acts  had  been  performed,  and  when  the  Hanlon 

Volters  had  about  finished  their  gymnastic  act,  while  William  was 

doing  the  ''giant  swing"  on  a  single  trapeze  suspended  from  the 

(kxDc  of  the  theatre,  one  of  the  wire  cables  supporting  the  bar 

broke,  and  he  fell  head  foremost  to  the  parquet,  striking  one  of 

tbe  ropes  holding  the  net,  thus  breaking  his  fall.     He  was  taken 

to  tbe  New  York  Hospital,  where  he  remained  for  several  days. 

He  reappeared  Sept  6,  but  took  no  part  in  the  performance  other 

than  to  bow  his  acknowledgments  to  the  audience. 

Tbe  B.  P.  O.  Elks  had  a  benefit  afternoon  Sept.  4,  when  the 
McCiull  Opera  company  appeared  in  "The  Seven  Suabians." 
"The  Nuptial  Chimes"  came  next.  Others  on  the  bill  were  the 
Hanlon  Volters,  Selma  Koert-Kronold,  Carl  Streitmann,  and  Gil- 
bert Sarony.  William  Hanlon  reappeared  Sept  25  in  bis  trapeze 
set  This  company  closed  Oct  2.  Den  Thompson  returned  Oct. 
6 is  "The  Old  Homestead."  Edward  Gilmoreand  Eugene  Tomp- 
kins purchased  Nilsson  Hall  in  East  Fifteenth  Street,  adjoining 
the  Academy  for  1^78,000.  "The  Old  Homestead"  was  revived 
Oct  6  and  closed  Jan.  10,  1891.  "Joshua  Whitcomb  "  was  pro- 
duced JauL  12  for  two  weeks.  "  The  Old  Homestead  "  was  revived 
Jul  26  and  continued  until  April  25.  The  house  was  closed 
•edL  of  April  27,  except  May  2,  when  the  "Mask  and  Wig 
Qoh,"  of  the  University  of  Pennsylvania,  appeared  in  the  bur- 
bque  <rf  "Miss  Columbia"  for  the  first  time  in  this  city. 

"Home,  Sweet  Home,"  a  rural  play,  was  acted  May  4,  1891,  for 
tkc  first  time  on  any  stage.  In  the  company  were  Robert  Fischer, 
George  A.  Beane,  Louis  R.  Grissel,  John  R.  Maner,  Sidney  Drew, 
Kuon  Mitchell,  John  Morgan,  Louisa  Morse,  Louise  Sylvester, 
Hattie  Harvey,  and  Kate  Chester.  The  theatre  was  closed  May  9 
ud  reopened  Aug.  26  with  "The  Shaughraun,"  by  amateurs.  The 
•est  season  began  Sept.  3,  1891,  with  "The  Soudan,"  which  had 

CapCiia  Tenple  .  .  .  Louis  James 
Ibtlbcw  Hawker  .  .  S.  £.  Springer 
Hd  de  VtjtT'^  ....  Frank  Losee 
Supbca  Mardyke  .  Stanislaus  Stange 
tcv.  Artbar  LoJ  worth 

Lawrence  Eddinger 
R«itio  Spofkiiis  .  .  Dan  CoIIyer 
!oe  Lmbkifis  ....  Harrr  Hawk 
f«kv  Dootni      .     .     Russell  Hontiog 

Nellie  Temple 
Cora  Gray  .     . 
Ma^e  \ViIkins 
Mrs.  Lambkins 
Mrs.  Lul worth 
Mrs.  Buton 

.  Emma  Vaders 
Eleanor  Moretti 
.  Kate  Oesteric 
Mrs,  VV.  G.  Jones 
Jeannie  Harold 
.  Marie  Bellville 

Frank     ....     Master  Jack  Ferris 
Dick  .     .     .      Master  WaUie  Eddinger 


This  closed  Nov.  21,  1891.     'Cinderella '*  was  presented  N< 
and  closed  Dec.  26.     On  Dec  29  "  A  Country  Circus  "  wa 
sented.      In  the  company  were  Nat.  D.  Jones,  Mrs.  Eugei 
Eberle,    Chas.    B.    Hawkins,    Frank    A    Tannehill,    Jr.,   1 
Lynn,  Lottie  Alter,  Mrs.  W.  A.  Sands,  Lon  Morris,  and 
A.  Heme  (stage  director).     There  was  a  ring  on  the  stage 
reflecting  mirrors.     The  circus  performers  were  the  Meers  S 
Katie  Holloway,  Wm.  Conrad  and  dogs,  Thos.  S  Dare, 
Morris  and   ponies,  the  Glinserettis  and  George  Kline. 
"Country  Circus"  closed  March  26,   1892. 

Adele  Sandrock,  announced  as  the  German  Bernhardt,  ma 
American  d^but  March  28,  1892,  in  "Eva,"  supported  by  j 
man   company  from  the  Thalia  Theatre.      "Marie  Stuart 
given  April  8  with  Marianne  Bedocovies  in  the  title  rdle. 
rock  was  to  have  acted  that  rdle,  but  at  the  last  moment  n 
stating  that  she  had  not  sufficient  time  to  study  it.     "! 
Dorothea"   was  seen  April    12  for  the  first  time  in  An 
Sandrock  acted  April  15  in  "Die  Hochzeit  von  ValenL" 
house  was  closed  week  of  April  18.     Mme.  Siseretta  Jon< 
nounced  as  the  Black  Patti  (who  first  appeared  in  New 
April  26  at  the  Madison  Square  Garden),  sang  here  April 
May  I.     The  burlesque  "Blue  Eyed  Susan,"  by  Sims  and 
was  done  May  2  with  a  cast  made  up  of  amateurs.     The  Hi 
burlesque  company  came  May  9  in  "  Our  Vassar  Girls. "     P 
Dolgorouky,  solo  violinist,  made  her  American  d€but   N 
William  Muldoon  gave  a  boxing  exhibition  June  4. 

The  next  season  began  Sept.  5,  1892,  with  "The  Black  < 
and  this  cast :  Count  Wolf enstein,  Geo.  K.  Robinson ;  Ru 
Nestor  Lennon ;  Von  Puff engruntz,  W.  H.  Bartholomew ;  H 
S.  E.  Springer;  Greppo,  Sam  Collins;  Dragonfin,  James 
2^amiel,  Russell  Hunting;  Stalacta,  EliseGray;  Amina,  G 
Wood;  Dame  Barbara,  Mrs.  Selden  Irwin;  Carline,  Sadi 
Donald.  In  the  ballet  were  Zole  Tomaghi,  Sig.  Nicola  < 
Amalia  Maveroffer,  and  Marie  Rizzi,  their  first  appear 
America.  The  four  French  quadrille  dancers  from  Pari 
their  American  d^but  in  the  dance  known  as  "The  Split 
French  equilibrist  Kins-Ners  made  his  American  d^ut  S 
Sig.  Biancifiore,  male  dancer,  and  Elena  Salmorraghi,  p 
danseuse,  first  appeared  March  24. 

Mrs.  Louisa  Eldridge  had  a  benefit  afternoon,  April  ( 
Rose  Pompon,  French  eccentric  dancer,  made  her  Ai 
d^but  April  la  "  The  Black  Crook  "  closed  May  20,  aft< 
hundred  and  six  consecutive  performances.  The  Columbia 
boys  gave  "Ivanhoe"  May  26,  1893.  Dr.  Carver  appeal 
July  4  in  "The  Scout,"  and  suddenly  closed  July  22.  Th 
rer/pcDcd  Aug.  14  with  "  The  Black  Crook  "    Bartoletti,  p 



ise,  made  her  American  d^but  Leonella  Staccione  reap- 
,  and  Sig.  Salvaggi,  male  dancer,  made  his  American  d^but, 
II.  "The  Black  Crook"  closed  Sept.  23.  The  Academy  was 
ntil  Oct.  23»  1893,  when  it  was  opened  with  '*In  Old  Ken- 
"  which  had  this  cast:  Frank  Layson,  Wm.  Courtleigh; 
andusky  Doolittle,  Burt  G.  Clarke;  Joe  Lorey,  George  W. 
Brutus,  Scott  Williams;  Madge  Brierly»  Bettina  Gerard; 
a  Layson,  Ethel  Graybrooke.  This  drama  ran  until  March 
^  when  "The  Girl  I  Left  Behind  Me"  was  presented  It 
'  David  I^lasco  and  Franklyn  Fyles.  The  next  season  opened 
t  30  with  "Shenandoah."  "The  Cotton  King"  was  acted 
t  first  time  in  America  Dec.  3,  and  the  cast  was: 



Eben  PIvmpton 
.  Dominick  Murray 

Cuyler  Hastings 

Edward  R.  Mawson 

.    .     .  Edward  See 

Tupper Dan  Collyer 

Hetty Mav  Wheeler 

Mrs.  Drajrson .  .  .  Mrs.  Selden  Irwin 
Kittie  ....  Amelia  Suromerville 
Elsie Bijou  Fernandez 

was  a  benefit  performance  here  and  at  the  Grand  Opera 
afternoon  of  Jan.    17,   1895,  for  the  relief  of  the  families 
t  firemen  who  lost  their  lives  on  Dec.  29.      ''Rory  of  the 
'  was  first  played  here  Jan.  28,  1895,  and  had  this  cast: 

B  Darley  .  .  .  Jos.  A.  Wilkes 
/Estrange  .  Emmet  Corrigan 
McSlime  .  .  .  Harry  Hawk 
Ilk  ...  .  Henry  E.  Walton 
nnD,  a  Madman  J.  F.  Wheelock 
Celaney  ....  Ben  Lodge 
Ml.  Percy  Wagstaf! 

Kichard  Ganthony 
coorcy  ...      T.  C.  Hamilton 

Adolphus  .  . 
Mike  Dooley  . 
Norry  CaTanagh 
Decourcy  .  . 
Grace  Darley  . 
Esmond .  .  . 
Widow  Kilduf! 
Widow  O'Mally 
Rory  O'Mally  . 

Emmet  Derov 

Harry  Scarborough 

.  Patsy  Brannigan 

.    T.  C.  Hamilton 

Nellie  Braggins 

.    .      Kate  Lester 

•    May  Thompson 

Mrs.  Chas.  Peters 

.  James  C.  Roach 

of  the  Hills"  closed  April  6,  1895.  The  house  reopened 
15  with  Prof.  Alex  Herrmann,  the  magician,  for  a  fortnight. 
Fatal  Card  "  was  presented  April  29  and  ran  until  June  i, 
the  house  closed,  and  reopened  Aug.  29  with  the  first  produc- 
B  America  of  '*Thc  Sporting  Duchess/'  called  in  England 
Derby  Winner,"  by  Augustus  Harris,  Cecil  Raleigh,  and 
'  Hamilton.     The  drama  had  this  cast: 

I E.  J.  Ratcliffc 

Rov  Richardson 

ly Alfred  Fisher 

Francis  Carlylc 

bisbolm      .     .      W.  D.  Harbury 

Francis  Neilson 

amish   ....    Rhynas  Jones 

William  Harcourt 

I  Streatfield    .     .   R.  A.  Roberts 


oe  Alymer .     .     . 
aria      .     .     .     . 
Muriel     .     .     .     . 
Mrs.  Donnelly 
Annette  Donnelly 
May  Aylmer 
Vivian  Darville 
Frances  Collonby 

J.  H.  Stoddart 
.  .  Agnes  Booth 
.     .    Cora  Tanner 

Agnes  Proctor 

.     .    Jessie  Busley 

Margaret  Robinson 

.     .   Alice  Fischer 

.     .  Louise  MuUer 


J.  H.  Stoddart  was  the  recipient  of  a  loving  cup  Jan.  30,  i8g/i 
the  close  of  the  performance  of  "  The  Sporting  Duchess. " 
cup  was  presented  to  him  by  the  management  of  the  plav  a 
members  of  the  company,  and  commemorated  the  sixty-thir 
versary  of  Mr.  Stoddart's  d^but  on  the  stage.  The  presei 
speech  was  made  by  A.  M.  Palmer,  to  which  Mr.  Stodd 
sponded.  Mrs.  Agnes  Booth  Schoefifel  also  presented  him 
silver  pitcher,  a  gift  from  Joseph  Jefferson.  In  consequc 
the  illness  of  Cora  Tanner  Feb.  12,  1896,  Agnes  Bootli 
Muriel,  and  Agnes  Proctor  appeared  as  Maria.  This  pis 
tinned  until  Feb.  29. 

Grand  Opera  was  once  more  heard  in  the  Academy  on  M 
1896.    Mr.  Damrosch's  company  began  their  season  with  "  Fi 
when  Katharina  Klafsky  sang  Leonora,  and  Gruening  and  P 
were  received  with  enthusiasm.      "Lohengrin"  was  sung 
5:  Lohengrin,  Wilhelm  Gruening;  Elsa,  MilkaTemina;  < 
Katharina    Klafsky;    King    Henry,    Emil   Fischer;    Telr 
Demeter  Popovici;   Herald,    Wilhelm   Mertens.      Frau   ] 
sang   Ortrud  as,  perhaps,  no  one  has  ever  sung  it  here 
What  a  magnificent  voice  hers  was,  to  be  sure  I    What  a  ^ 
what  richness,  beauty,  and  splendor  of  tone !    "  The  Scarlet  ] 
composed  by  Walter  Damrosch,  was  sung  March  6  for  t 
time  with  this  cast: 

Hester  Prynn  •  .  .  Johanna  Gadski 
Arthur  Dimmesdale  .  Baron  Berthold 
Governor  Bellingham     Conrad  Behrens 

Rev.  John  Wilson  .  Gerard 
Roger  Chillingworth .  .  W 
Jailer Julius  ¥r 

"Siegfried"  was  sung  matinee,  March  7,  introducing  Max 
"Tannhauser,"  March  9;  *'Die  Walkiire,"  March  11,  with 
rina  Klafsky  as  Brunhilde ;  matinee,  March  12,  "Fidelio" 
lein    Terulma  as   Leonora,    Gruening  as   Florestan,    Fis 
Rocco,   Herr   Popovici  as   Pizarro,    and   Behrens,   the   M 
"Die  Meistersinger "  was  sung  March   13  with  this  cast 
Sachs,   Emil   Fischer;  Veit  Pogner,   Conrad   Behrens;  I 
hanna  Gadski;  Magdalene,  Marie  Maurer.     "Tristan  and 
was  heard  matinee,  March  14;  "Lohengrin,"  March  16; 
fried,"  March   17;  "Tannhauser,"  March  18;  "Der  Frei 
March  20:   Agatha,   Johanna   Gadski;   Anna,    Augusta  "> 
Prince  Ottokar,  Wilhelm   Mertens;   Samiel,  Julius  von 
Hermit,  Conrad  Behrens.  "  Gotteidammerung  "  was  heard : 
March   21,    and   night,    March   25;  "Die  Walkiire,"    Ms 
"Tristan  and  Isolde,"  March  27,  and  the  season  closed  1 
March  28,  with  "Die  Meistersinger. " 

"Cuba  Free"  was  a  play  by  James  Arthur  MacKnigl 
(March  26)  for  one  night  only.  "Humanity"  was  playe 
30:  Bevis  Cranboume,  Joseph  Grismer;  Felix  Cranboun 




S  Hale;  Lady  Cranbourne,  Mary  Davenport;  Vera  Cranboume, 
Belle  Bucklin;  Fordyce  Dangerfield,  Hardee  Kirkland;  Baby 
Bembrose,  Arthur  Livingston;  Matthew  Penn,  E.  R.  Mawson; 
Lesbia,  Ramie  Austin;  Keziah,  Julia  Batchelder;  Manassas,  Dore 
Davidson;  Alma  Dunbar,  Phoebe  Davis.  This  was  followed  by 
"  After  Dark  " :  Old  Tom,  Wm.  A  Brady;  Medhurst,  Ross  O'Neal; 
Chumley,  E.  R.  Mawson ;  Dicey  Morris,  Dore  Davidson ;  Belling- 
ham,  Hardee  Kirkland;  Peter  Small,  Sadie  Price;  Eliza,  Marie 
Renj;  Rose,  Helen  Robertson.  "Trilby"  was  seen  here  May  9, 
and  the  house  closed  to  reopen  matinee  and  night  of  May  30,  when 
''The  Rivals "  was  acted  by  the  same  company  that  played  it  a  few 
nights  previously  at  the  Herald  Square  Theatre. 

The  house  was  opened  for  the  season  Aug.  20,  1896,  wjth  the 
first  performance  of  Clay  Greene's  "  Under  the  Polar  Star,"  which 
had  this  cast : 

Rorfman Charles  Kent 

Hjfry  Carieton 
WtUiiaBi  Brandon . 
AckOle  iUbon 
Washuifton  Post . 

Frands  Carlyle 
Cuyler  Hastings 

Leo  Dietrichstein 
.  Theo  Babcock 

W.  H.  Thompson 

Doctor  Bacon 
0*Regan      . 
Helen  Blaine 
Mrs.  Carieton 
Flora  Heath 

.     Neil  Warner 

Felix  Haney 

Grace  Henderson 

Mary  Davenport 

Bijou  Femandex 

There  was  a  benefit  afternoon  of  Oct  8  for  the  Edwin  Forrest 
Lodge,  Actors'  Order  of  Friendship.  The  performance  began 
about  noon  and  continued  until  nearly  nightfall.  Prominent 
among  those  who  appeared  were  Josepn  Jefferson  as  Mr.  Go- 
lightly,  in  ''Lend  Me  Five  Shillings,"  Wm.  H.  Crane  and  Stuart 
Robson  in  the  "quarrel  scene"  from  "Julius  Caesar,"  Francis 
Wilson  in  an  act  of  "Half  a  King,"  and  Georgia  Cayvan,  in  a 
scene  from  "Mary  Pennington,  Spinster." 

J.  H.   Mapleson  began  a  season  of  Italian  opera  Oct.   26  with 

"Aidm":    Khadames,    Sig.     Durot;    Amonasro,    Sig.    de   Anna; 

Ramfis,  Sig.  Pinto;  the  King,  Sig.  Dado;  Amneris,  Mme.  Parsi; 

Sacerdotessa,  Mile,  du  Bcdat;  Aida,  Mmc.   Bonaplata-Bau.     With 

the  exception  of  one  member  of  the  cast,  Sig.  de  Anna,  there  was 

DOC  a  singer  upon  the  stage  who  was  known  to  New  York.     "  La 

Traviata"  was  announced  for  Oct  28,  but  owing  to  the  illness  of 

Sig.  Randaccio  there  was  a  change  of  bill,  and  "  Aida"  was  again 

performed;  also  Oct.  30,  the  cast  being  the  same  at  each  perform- 

incc.     "II  Trovatore"  was  given  matinee,  Oct.  31.     Mme.  Bona- 

plata  was  announced  for  Leonora,  but  Mme.  Dotti  took  her  place. 

Mme.  Scalchi  was  the  Azucena;  "The  Huguenots"  was  sung  Nov. 

4;  Sig.  de  Marchi  sang  Raoul  in  "The  Huguenots,"  Mile.  Pergozzi- 

Albini,  Margherita  de  Valois. 

"La  Somnambula"  was  sung  Nov.  6:  Elvino,  Sig.  Betti;  Conte 
Rodolfo,  Sig.  Dado;  Alcssio,  Sig.  Borclli;  Un  Notaro,  Sig.  Oli- 
vtri;  Lisa,  Mme.  du  Bedat;  Theresa,  Mme.  Meysenheym;  Amina, 

112      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D«9: 

Mme.  Hug^et.  This  was  the  first  appearance  here  of  Mile.  Hug^et 
"  Aida  "  was  sung  matinee,  Nov.  7.  The  prices  were  reduced  Nov. 
9  from  $4  to  $3.  **  Faust "  was  heard  Nov.  9  with  Susan  Strong 
as  Margherita  and  Sig.  Randaccio  as  Faust.  This  was  Miss 
Strong's  first  appearance,  and  also  the  American  d^but  of  Randac 
cio; ''  La  Soranarabula"  was  heard  Nov.  11,  with  Huguet  as  Amina 
Nov.  13,  for  the  first  time  in  America  "Andrea  Chenier  *'  was  sung 
libretto  by  Luigi  Illica  and  music  by  Umberto  Giordano.  Th< 
opera  had  this  cast: 

Andrea  Chenier 
Carlo  Gerard  . 
Maddalena  .    • 

.    .    .    Sie.  Durot 

.     .     Sig.  Ughetto 

Mme.  fionaplata-Bau 

La  Mulatta  Bersi .   Mme.  Meysenheyn 
La  Contessa  di  Coigny  •    .  Mme.  Pars 

"Faust"  was  sung  matinee,  Nov.  14;  "Andrea  Chenier,"  Nov.  16- 
18;  "Lucia  di  Lammermoor,"  matinee,  Nov.  21;  "Lohengrin," 
Nov.  20;  the  season  closed  Saturday  night  Nov.  21  with  "II  Tro- 
vatore."  The  matinee  drew  a  large  audience  and  in  the  evening 
the  bouse  was  filled  at  the  low  prices  which  Mapleson  tried  as  an 

Nov.  23,  1896,  was  given,  for  the  first  time  in  this  city,  "Two 
Little  Vagrants,"  adapted  from  the  French  of  Pierre  Decourcelle's 
"Les  Deux  Gosses,"  by  Charles  Klein.     It  had  this  cast: 

George  d'Armont 
Robert  d' Albert 
St  Hem-i 
Le  Renard 
Mulot     . 
Fadart    . 
Brisquet . 
Dr.  Vernier 

Edward  J.  Ratcli£Ee 
.  Thomas  Kingston 
.    .     .  Giles  Shine 

Dore  Davidson 
.     George  Fawcett 

Eugene  Sanger 
.  Edward  Morgan 
.  Thaddeus  Shine 
.    William  Famum 

Goguelin Thomas  Stor^ 

Sexton    ....    Henry  T.  Harrisoi 

Helen Annie  Iris£ 

Fan-fan Jessie  Busier 

Claude Minnie  Dupre= 

Carmen Frances  Gaucr 

Zephyrine Alice  Fischoi 

Sister  Simplice     .     .     .    Mabel  EatCB 
Marraine  Goguelin    .      Lizzie  Rochel- 

On  the  afternoon  of  Dec.  17  there  was  an  entertainment  for  tl:^ 
fund  for  the  endowment  of  free  hospital  beds  for  members  of  tbi 
National  Guard  An  act  of  "A  Milk  White  Flag,"  one  of  "Mf 
Friend  from  India,"  and  a  scene  from  "Two  Little  Vagrants,"  wer 
given.  Music  was  contributed  by  Bayne's  Sixty-Ninth  regimem 
band.  Werner  and  Rieder,  Williams  and  Walker,  Donnelly  znd 
Girard,  and  Lew  Dockstader  furnished  specialties.  Miss  Marget 
and  Fred  M.  Marston  sang,  and  Rose  Coghlan,  supported  by  W. 
H.  Crompton  and  Bijou  Fernandez,  presented  "Nance  Oldfield.** 
The  house  was  closed  Monday  night,  Jan.  25,  1897,  and  reopened 
Jan.  26  with  the  first  performance  in  America  of  "  Straight  from 
the  Heart,"  by  Sutton  Vane  and  Arthur  Shirley.  The  play  had 
this  cast: 




David  Wilton . 
Capuin  Nugent 
Ventry  Fox 
Fruer  Fry  .  . 
Louis  Raymond 
Hawkahav  ~ 

George  Paxtoo 
Charles  A.  Smiley 
.  W.  A.  Whitccar 
Edward  L.  Walton 
.  .  Charles  Kent 
.    .     .  Bert  Coote 

Gloster Samuel  Edwards 

De  Lorme  .    .    .    .  De  Witt  Jennings 

SllSd     }•    •    •    •      Blanche  WaU, 
Lalotte Bijoo  Femandea 

-In  Old  Kentucky"  revived  Feb.  22.  "At  Piney  Ridge,"  pre- 
▼iously  seen  at  the  American  Theatre,  came  March  29;  '^The 
Heart  of  Maryland,"  April  5;  "  Brian  Boru,"  April  12;  James  Cor- 
bctt,  the  pugilist,  April  19,  in  "A  Naval  Cadet;"  "The  Sporting 
Duchess/'  April  26,  and  the  season  closed  May  i.  It  reopened 
August  26,  1897,  with  the  spectacular  play,  "Nature,"  by  William 
Devema  and  James  Schonberg,  for  the  first  time  on  any  stage  It 
had  this  cast: 

John  Hampton 
Schnlta  .  .  . 
HofhBassett  . 
King  Rap    .     • 


Edwin  W.  Hoff 
oseph  Cawthome 
oya  M.  Bingham 
Frederick  Clifton 

Nature Amelia  Bingham 

Psyche Elaine  Cryce 

Katrina Merri  Osborne 

William  Devema  died  in  this  city  two  weeks  before  the  play  was 
produced.  The  production  was  a  failure,  and  was  followed  Oct 
11  by  James  Corbett  in  "A  Naval  Cadet."  Denman  Thompson 
came  Oct.  18  in  "The  Old  Homestead." 

Nov.  22  "The  White  Heather,"  by  Cecil  Raleigh  and  Heniy 
Hamilton,  was  given,  for  the  first  time  in  America.     It  had  this 

Edgar  Trefnsis  . 
Alec  Maclintock  . 
James  Hume  .  . 
Dewar  Gay  .  . 
Duke  of  Shetland 
Jackson  .  .  .  . 
Craven  .  .  .  . 
Hudson  .     .     .     . 

.  Robert  Cotton 

Miller  Kent 

Harry  Harwood 

Lewis  liaker 

Frank  Burbeck 

P.  A.  Nanncry 

Douglas  Lloyd 

.    E.  Y.  Backus 

Lsdr  Jane Rose  Coghlan 

^lanoo Amelia  Bingham 

Molbe  Fanshaw  ....  Olive  May 
Hcrmooie  de  V'auz  .  Madeline  Bouton 
BlincKc  Kossiter  .     .     .     Alice  Arnold 

Donald Gray  Scott 

Mrk  Andrews  ....  Annie  Adams 
Aagns  Cameron    .     .      Francis  Carlyle 

"The  White  Heather"  ran  until  April  30,  1898.     "Shenandoah" 
returned  here  May  17  and  continued  until  June  11. 

The  next  season  began  August  15,  1898,  with  Denman  Thomp- 
lon  in  "The  Old  Homestead,"  which  ran  until  Sept.  26,  when 
*  Sporting  Life,"  by  Cecil  Raleigh  and  Seymour  Hicks  was  seen 
lor  the  first  time  in  America,  and  with  this  cast : 

Rcitnakl  Molyneua 
Bavboome  .  . 
Mley  Stanhope  . 
Indore  .... 
Dis  Dozey  .  . 
^l|riin  .... 

Charles  Walcot 
Beresford  Webb 

H.  G.  Lonsdale 

Frank  Burbeck 
.    K.  A.  Roberts 

R.  Patoii  Gibbs 

Joe  Lee WlUiam  BoneUI 

Malet  de  Carteret      .     .  Frazer  Coulter 

Jordan Fred  Strong 

Olive EliU  Proctor  OUs 

Earl  of  Woodstock   .     Robert  HiUiard 

Hilliard  withdrew  from  the  cast  after  Oct.  16,  but  reappeared  Nov. 
2t.     During  his  absence  William  Courtleigh  acted  the  Earl  of 

Viil     It 

114      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       CxQoi 

Woodstock.  Andrew  Mack  appeared  Jan.  i6,  i899»  in  ''The 
Ragged  Earl,"  by  Joseph  Humphrey,  for  the  first  time  in  this 
city.     The  drama  had  this  cast : 

Gerald  Fitzgerald      .    .  Andrew  Mack 

Patrick W.  J.  Mason 

Larry jlJames  Vincent 

Maurice Tnomas  Jackson 

Father  Barrv    .    .     .      John  C.  Fenton 
Henry  Haracastle     .      Henry  Herman 

Ralph  Forester  .  .  •  Edwin  Brandt 
Lord  Wildbrook  .  .  B.T.  RinM;oki 
Mrs.  Fitzmaurice  .  .  •  Minnie  Monk 
Kathleen  Fitzmaurice,  Josephine  Lovett 
Una  Fitzmaurice,  Geor||ia  Florence  Olp 
Sarah  McHugh    .  Annie  Ward  TifiEany 

''Her  Atonement,**  a  war  melodrama,  was  produced  by  Anson 
Pond  Feb.  13,  and  had  this  cast: 

Martha  West  . 
Mrs.  Morton  . 
Nora  .  .  . 
Little  Rose 
Mrs.  Moriarty 
Colonel  Swift  . 
Charles  Le  Roy 

.  .  .  Annie  Irish 
Kate  Denin  Wilson 
Nora  Dunblane 
Ricca  Scott 
.  Ethel  Bland 
•  Louis  Aldrich 
Richard  Bennett 

{ames  Morton 
-ouis  Preterre 
James  Doolittle  . 
Patrick  Mulligan  . 
Johnny  Springfield 
Mr.  Pnillips  .  . 
Henry  Wright 

.  Orrin  Johnson 

Frederick  Perry 

Thomas  McGratn 

Henry  Dixey 

Jessie  Busley 

.    John  F.  Cook 

Harry  Rose 

Den  Thompson  came  once  more,  March  27,  with  "The  Old  Home- 
stead." On  May  8  "King  of  the  Opium  Ring"  was  seen,  and  the 
season  closed  June  3.  The  next  season  began  Aug.  3 1  with  "  The  Last 
of  the  Rohans,"  for  the  first  time  in  this  city.     It  had  this  cast: 

McCarthy James  Vincent 

Kelly      ....  Thomas  £.  Jackson 

Shelah Georgia  Olp 

Rosie  Bantry  .     .    .     Jennie  Satteriee 

Clifford  .    .     . 
NeilMcNeU    . 
Father  Bernard 

.  Andrew  Mack 

B.  T.  Ringgold 

.  Edwin  Brandt 

George  W.  Deyo 

Den  Thompson  returned  Oct.  9  in  "  The  Old  Homestead. "  "  Way 
Down  East"  was  presented  Nov.  13  and  closed  May  lo,  IQCX), 
with  the  two  hundred  and  sixth  performance  at  this  house,  which, 
added  to  a  hundred  and  fifty-five  performances  at  the  Manhattan 
Theatre,  this  city,  made  three  hundred  and  sixty-one  in  New  York. 
"Woman  and  Wine"  was  seen  here  May  12  and  closed  Jime  9. 

The  house  reopened  August  20  with  "The  Rebel,"  by  James 
B.  Fagan: 

Jack  Blake Andrew  Mack 

Squire  Bagenall  .  .  George  W.  Devo 
Bagenall  ....  John  C.  I  nee,  Jr. 
Captsun  Armstrong  .  .  Edwin  Brandt 
Father  Teeling     .    .     John  C.  Fenton 

Jimmy  Keogh  •    .    .   Thomas  Jacksom. 

Michael Giles  Shine 

Andy Ben  T.  Ringed 

Lame  Shann    .     .     .     Charles  Walton 
Bridget Clara  Knott 

"  The  Rebel "  ran  until  Sept  20,  and  the  house  was  closed  Sept 
22,  and  reopened  Sept  23  with  "Monte  Cristo,"  James  O'Neill 
playing  Edmund  Dantes;  Nortier,  Fred  de  Belleville.  "Quo 
Vadis"  was  seen  here  Dec  31,  with  Petronius,  Wilton  Lackaye; 
Vinicius,  Aubrey  Boucicault ;  Nero,  Samuel  Edwards ;  and  Lygia, 
Bijou  Fernandez.     "Barbara  Frietchie"  came  Jan.  28,   190I9  with 

tH73  BUCKLEY'S  HAIX  1 15 

Effic  Ellsler  in  the  title  rdle.  "  Uncle  Tom's  Cabin  "  was  pro- 
duced March  4:  Uncle  Tom,  Wilton  Lackaye;  Phineas  Fletcher, 
Odell  Williams;  Simon  Legree,  Theo.  Roberts;  Geo.  Harris, 
Wm.  Harcourt;  Marks,  L.  R.  Stockwell;  Eliza,  Mabel  Amber; 
Topsy,  Maud  Raymond;  Cassie,  Emily  Rigl;  Aunt  Ophelia, 
Annie  Yeamans;  Bilrs.  St.  Clair,  Georgie  Florence  Olp;  Eva, 
Alice  Evans;  Aunt  Chloe,  Dora  Lane.  There  was  a  "cake 
walk,"  introducing  Luke  Pulley,  B.  H.  Butler,  and  many  others. 
John  E.  Kellerd  commenced  as  Uncle  Tom  March  21.  Sunday 
night,  April  14,  a  miscellaneous  performance  was  given  for  the 
benefit  of  the  Actors'  Fund.  May  6  Frank  Hatch  commenced  as 
Phineas  Fletcher.     Season  closed  May  18. 


FIFTY  years  ago  one  of  the  most  popular  places  of  amusement 
in  New  York  was  the  Broadway  Athenaeum,  situated  at  654 
Broadway,  between  Bleecker  and  Bond  streets,  originally  the  site  of 
Astor  mansion.  It  was  a  hall,  fitted  with  stage  and  scenery,  and 
performances  of  a  light  order  were  given.  In  August,  1856,  Fanny 
Deane  commenced  a  series  of  "  Drawing  Room  Entertainments.  ' 
Each  night's  performance  closed  with  "The  Actress  of  All  Work, 
or  My  Country  Cousin."  This  lady  made  her  first  appearance  on 
the  stage  Dec.  12,  1853,  at  Wallack's  Theatre  (Broadway  and 
Broome  Street),  in  "The  Game  of  Life."  On  April  26,  1857,  she 
was  married  to  Henry  P.  Halsey.  Her  body  was  found  floating 
in  New  York  Bay  Sunday  afternoon,  June  5,  1859.  The  National 
American  Historical  Paintings  were  on  exhibition  here  Dec  15, 


DIRECTLY  opposite  the  Metropolitan  Hotel  and  Niblo's  Gar- 
den, at  585  Broadway,  stood  the  house  made  famous  by  the 
Buckley   Serenaders.      It  was  called   Buckley's   Hall,   and   was 
opened  by  Buckley's  minstrels  Aug.  25,  1856.     Negro  minstrelsy 
iDd  opera  burlesques  composed  the  entertainment.      ''II   Trova- 
tore  *'  was  one  of  the  most  popular  of  the  many  travesties.     In  it 
George  Swaine  Buckley  acted  Man-nigger-o  (Manrico).     Encour- 
iged  by  the  success  which  had  attended  their  production  of  these 
wlesques,  they  gave  them  with  uncorked   faces.      The  novelty 
attracted   for  a  time,  but  the  absence  of  the  negro  dialect  and 
"make  up"  rendered  them  spiritless;  business  fell  off,  and  the 
company  went  on  a  travelling  tour.     They  returned  Jan.  5,  1857. 
The  season  closed  June  27. 

Il6      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE      D857 

The  house  was  then  opened  as  a  regular  theatre,  June  29,  by 
Thaddeus  W.  Meighan,  and  called  The  New  Olympic  Theatre. 
The  first  company  to  appear  here  included  F.  S.  Chanfrau,  also  A. 
F.  Blake,  T.  Baker,  T.  Chandler,  Mrs.  H.  P.  Grattan,  Mrs.  Chas. 
Howard,  J.  Seymour,  Mr.  France,  Harry  Hall,  Kate  Pennoyer,  Kate 
Connor,  and  Mrs.  Stephens.  The  admission  was  twenty -five  cents; 
orchestra  seats,  fifty  cents.  The  opening  pieces  were  "  Grist  to  the 
Mill,"  "The  Stage  Struck  Barber,"  and  "Mother  and  Child  are 
Doing  Well."  July  6  "Don  Caesar  de  Bazan"  was  acted,  with 
F.  S.  Chanfrau  in  the  title  rdle,  and  Mrs.  Charles  Howard  as 
Maritana.  July  13  Charles  Gayler's  extravaganza  "Olympiana, 
or  a  Night  with  Mitchell "  was  seen  for  the  first  time  on  any  stage, 
Mrs.  Charles  Howard,  Kate  Pennoyer,  Sarah  Howell,  Harry  Hall, 
Thomas  B.  Johnston,  and  James  Seymour  in  the  cast.  July  27 
"Rip  Van  Winkle"  preceded  "Olympiana,"  with  Chanfrau  as  Rip, 
and  Seymour  as  Knickerbocker.  "  The  King  of  Coney  Island  " 
was  played  July  30,  when  the  season  closed  Buckleys'  Sere- 
naders  returned  Aug.  1 1  for  five  nights.  The  next  manager  was 
Wm.  B.  Moore,  who  commenced  Aug.  24  with  "  Lola  Montez,  or 
Catching  a  Governor,"  which  had  this  cast : 

Michael T.  B.  Johnston 

KutsofiE Hays 

Galopski Leslie 

GripenhofiE Havelock 

Stinenbach Edson 

Rathbura Julia  Tumbull 

Mme.  Kybosk      .    .     .    Miss  Weaver 

Mme.  Volkerschaolks  Mrs.  J.  R.  Scott 

Count Bellamy 

Ryboski Wm.  Denbam 

Hickwitz McDonald 

Tittlebatz Miss  Lx)uise 

Zepherine Miss  Stanton 

Lola  Montez    .    .    .    Mrs.  C.  Howard 

This  was  followed  by  a  dance  by  Mile.  Ernestine  de  Faibre, 
and  "  P.  P. ,  or  Man  and  the  Tiger ; "  James  Canoll,  Fanny  France, 
and  Mrs.  Dixon  were  in  the  cast  of  the  farce.  After  this  came  a 
dance  by  Ernestine  de  Faibre  (this  lady  afterwards  married  Mr. 
Pougette,  and  died  at  Philadelphia,  Feb.  24,  1875),  and  the  bill 
concluded  with  "The  Alpine  Maid,"  in  which  Mr.  Vincent,  Mrs. 
Charles  Howard,  Young,  and  Julia  Turnbull  appeared.  Tony 
Rieff  was  the  musical  director.  Rose  Thorn  first  appeared  as 
Sally  Scraggs,  in  "Sketches  in  India,**  Aug.  28.  Kate  Saxon  in 
"Faint  Heart  Never  Won  Fair  Lady,"  Sept.  5.  Mrs.  Charles 
Howard  was  seen  Sept.  9  in  "The  Devil  in  Paris,"  assuming  six 
characters.  George  Lea  had  now  become  the  lessee  of  the  house. 
Julia  Turnbull  took  a  benefit  Oct.  2,  when  Fanny  Herring  acted 
Fanny  Dribbles,  in  "An  Object  of  Interest,"  and  Julia  Tumbull 
the  title  rdle  in  "Esmeralda." 

The  local  musical  extravaganza,  "King  Lager,  or  Ye  Sons  of 
Malt,"  written  by  Chas.  T.  P.  Ware  ("Sylvester  Silverquill "),  was 
acted  for  the  first  time  on  any  stage  Oct.  5,  and  had  this  cast : 




Shuamynt  koktajrl,  Mn  das.  Howard 
Brandeniaaha  .  Mrs.  T.  B.  Johnston 
Hopsydoodudo  .  .  Mile*  Ernestine 
^pp^ogg  ....  Miss  de  Faibre 
Sberriandjrce  ....  Miss  Hays 
Mornio  kawl  ....      Miss  Bamell 

Kooirak Miss  Bnndel 

Frothiana Julia  Tumbull 

Sherri  koblah. 
Jinni  koktayl  . 
Absjrnthe  .    • 
King  Lager     . 

Geo.  Brooks 

Mrs.  J.  R.  Scott 

Fanny  France 

.  Miss  Wilkinson 

Ida  St.  Clair 

Miss  Murray 

T.  B.  Johnston 

There  was  a  line  on  the  bill  as  follows:  '^ Temptation  of  ye 
Metropolitan  Magician,  Mairfemando."  Fernando  Wood,  who  was 
at  the  time  mavor  of  the  city,  threatened  to  stop  the  performance; 
but  nothing  of  the  kind  was  done.  Mrs.  Howard  sang  a  parody 
on  the  scene  from  "La  Favorita,"  "Oh,  Mio  Fernando!"  This 
was  one  of  the  features  of  the  extravaganza,  and  no  one  enjoyed 
it  more  heartily  than  Mayor  Fernando  Wood  himself,  who  was 
present  at  the  nrst  performance.  Mrs.  Charles  Howard  took  her 
benefit  Oct.  9  and  appeared  as  Paul  in  "The  Pet  of  the  Petti- 
coats," and  in  "King  Lager."  Mrs.  Howard  closed  her  engage- 
ment Oct  12.  "The  Honeymoon"  was  acted  Oct  12  when  N. 
St  Clair  made  his  first  appearance  in  America  as  Rolando,  and 
Kate  Ludlow  her  d^but  as  Juliana;  Oct  13  came  "The  Lady  of 
Lyons;"  Oct  14,  "The  Hunchback"  and  "King  Lager."  The 
theatre  closed  Oct  15  with  "The  Rough  Diamond,"  "  Day  After 
the  Wedding,"  and  "Stage  Struck  Barber."  This  ended  Mr. 
Lea's  management. 

After  being  closed  a  few  nights,  the  house  was  reopened  by  T. 
B.  Prendergast,  with  a  minstrel  company,  Oct.  19.     The  members 
were:  T.  B.   Ftendergast,  Herr  Stockel,  W.  W.  Snow,  R.  Mont- 
gomery, H.  Wilson,  J.  H.  Budworth,  Jas.  Carroll,  Wash  Norton, 
Charley  White,  L.  Donnelly,  J.  Bulkley,  Tom  Waddec,  J.  Wil- 
liams, M.   Gallagher,  and  C.   Rentz.     This  company  closed  Nov. 
14.      The  house  was  reopened  Dec.  7  for  dramatic  performances 
with  "All  that  Glitters  is  not  Gold,"  "Sketches  in  India,"  "A 
Kiss  in  the  Dark,"  and  a  dance  by  Louise  Taglioni  and  Ernestine. 
The  company  was:  Kate  Ludlow,  Miss  Flynn,  Mrs.  Geo.  Jordan, 
Mrs.  G.   Lingard,   Harry  Jordan,   L.   P.    Roys,  H.   McDouall,  J. 
Herbert,  George   Brooks,  Harcourt,  and   Louisa  Eldridge;    Dec. 
14  Charles  M.  Walcot  began  an  enp^agement  in  "Charles  XH.," 
"The  Man  Without  a  Head,"  and  "The  Day  After  the  Wedding." 
The  Buckleys  returned  Dec.  21,  producing  their  burlesque  operas 
for  a  time;  but  they  failed  to  attract,  and  old  style  minstrel  per- 
formances were  given.       George  Holland,  the  well-known  come- 
dian, joined  the  minstrel  profession  at  this  time,  appearing  with 
Wood  &  Christy's  minstrels  at  Wood's  Marble  Hall,   Broadway 
and  Prince   Street,  on  the  same  night  the  Buckleys  commenced 
their  season.     Holland  published  a  "card,"  saying  that  legitimate 
managers  were  unable  to  give  him  a  living  salary,  and  in  conse- 

Il8      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D««59 

quence,  he  would  hereafter  be  seen  in  such  characters  as  he  had 
been  identified  with;  but,  instead  of  coloring  his  face  with  red 
paint,  he  should  blacken  it  with  burnt  cork,  and  hoped  his  friends 
and  the  public  would  appreciate  his  efforts  to  please  them.  R. 
Bishop  Buckley  published  a  "  card  **  the  following  day  which  said : 
''In  consequence  of  the  high  tariff  put  on  champagne  corks,  he 
had  been  compelled  to  desert  his  family  and  join  the  Buckley 
Serenaders,  and  instead  of  using  cork  he  would  soil  his  face  with 
lamp  black,  it  being  a  much  cheaper  article,  and,  like  our  national 
flag,  was  warranted  never  to  run." 

Buckleys  closed  in  January,  1858,  and  went  to  444  Broadway, 
where  they  appeared  Jan.  11.  Fierce  &  Marston's  Illuminated 
Panorama  of  the  Arctic  Regions  was  put  on  exhibition  here  Jan. 
6,  1858.  The  Burton  Dramatic  Association  took  a  benefit  May 
26,  when  "  Othello  "  and  "  All  That  Glitters  is  not  Gold "  were 
played.  The  name  of  this  house  was  changed  June  19  to  The 
Academy  of  the  Drama  when  Mr.  Fred  Widdows  became  the 
manager,  and  presented  M.  Adonis,  the  magician.  June  28  Kate 
Pennoyer  took  a  benefit,  when  "Who  Speaks  First .^"  "Sketches 
in  India,"  and  "Richard  III.,  "  were  played;  John  R.  Scott  was 
Richard.  The  French  company  occasionally  acted  here,  commenc- 
ing May  II.  They  opened  a  summer  season  July  27  and  called 
the  place  The  Metropolitan  Music  Hall.  The  Ronzani  Ballet 
troupe  joined  the  French  company.  Edgar  Trelawney,  son  of  the 
English  author,  and  pupil  of  Charles  Kean,  appeared  Aug.  31  in 
"The  Raven,"  in  costume,  and  with  scenery.  The  French  com- 
pany appeared  Sept.  23.  Agnes  Sutherland  and  Cecile  Rush  were 
seen  in  a  miscellaneous  entertainment,  the  latter  giving  dramatic 
readings.  Oct.  18,  1858,  a  dramatic  company  alternated  with  the 
French  company,  under  the  management  of  F.  C.  Wemyss.  Mrs. 
John  Sefton,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Mark  Smith,  Mrs.  Duffield  (Kate 
Wemyss),  Mrs.  Archibald,  Mrs.  John  R.  Scott,  Tom  Wemyss, 
Cranshaw,  Cunningham,  Bruciani,  Sol  Smith,  E.  F.  Taylor,  and 
Briggs  were  of  the  company.  "Simpson  &  Co.,"  "Ladies,  Be- 
ware!" and  "Box  and  Cox"  were  the  opening  plays.  Nov.  12 
Boothroyd  Fairclough  was  seen  in  "  Hamlet "  The  afterpiece  was 
"  The  Two  Buzzards. " 

On  Dec.  i  Lizzie  May,  an  amateur  actress,  made  her  d^but  as 
Lady  Gay  in  "London  Assurance."  T.  S.  Nims  was  Meddle,  and 
Josephine  Sinclair,  Grace.  Boothroyd  Fairclough  took  a  benefit 
Dec  2,  when  he  played  Shylock  in  "The  Merchant  of  Venice." 
The  farce  "The  Two  Queens"  followed,  with  Miss  E.  Robinson 
as  Christine  of  Sweden,  and  Millie  Corey  as  Margaret  of  Denmark. 

In  January,  1859,  the  interior  of  the  house  was  entirely  re- 
modelled, and  reopened  by  Fred  Widdows  and  Sage,  with  French 
dramatic  performances.    In  March  it  was  leased  by  Josh  Hart,  and 





called  the  Olympic,  but  his  management  lasted  only  one  week»  as 
his  financial  backer  lost  heart,  and  Hart  lost  his  backer.  Mr. 
Hart  introduced  Budworth's  minstrels,  and  played  ''The  Widow's 
Victim/'  acting  Jerry  Clip  himself,  and  giving  imitations  of  noted 
actors.  Hart  also  gave  the  delirium  scene  from  ''The  Drunk- 
ard," appearing  as  Edward  Middleton. 

On  March  12  the  French  company  reappeared  in  "  Les  Premiers 
Ans   de  Richelieu."     July    11,   1859,  Buckleys'   Serenaders  ap- 
peared.    Oct    12  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Henri  Drayton  came  with  their 
parlor  operas,  "  Never  Judge  by  Appearances  "  and  "  Diamond  Cut 
Diamond."    H.  L.  Bateman  presented  Sam  Cowell  in  comic  draw- 
ing-room concerts,  Nov.  28.    The  French  company  withdrew  Dec 
17  and  Sam  Cowell  continued.      June  4,   i860,  Edmond  Pillett 
took  a  benefit  in  "Richelieu."     Pillett  was  the  Cardinal;  Wm. 
Hamblin,   Baradas;  and   Mrs.  Frank  Drew,  Julie  de  Mortimer. 
Hooley  &  Campbell's  minstrels  began  here  June  25.      S.    C. 
Campbell,  Eugene,  J.  C.   Reeves,  A.  J.  Talbot,  T.  J.  Peel,  L. 
Condit,  J.  J.  Hilliard,  J.  Unsworth,  G.  W.  H.  Griffin,  John  B. 
Donniker,  Melville,  A.  J.  Hobbs,  G.  V.  Larkin,  R.  M.  Hooley, 
j\sche,  and   Louis   Zwisler  formed  the  company.      Ben  Cotton, 
A-dd  Weaver,  and  Master  Bamev  soon  after  joined  them.     Henry 
^Vood's  minstrels,  from  their  hall,  561-563  Broadway  (Wood  hav- 
ing sold  the  building  to  the  bank)  appeared  here  Sept  8  for  a  few 
nights  only,  as  they  went  to  444  Broadway  soon  afterwards. 

Hooley  &  Campbell's  minstrels  were  heard  here  Aug.  13,  i86a 

R.  M.  Hooley,  S.  C.  Campbell,   G.   W.   H.  Griffin,  Billy  Birch, 

Unsworth,  and  Eugene,  were  in  the  company.  On  Oct.  16  this  hall 

was  opened  as  The  German  Theatre  by  Otto  Hoym  and  E.  Har- 

minn,  from  the  Stadt  Theatre.      After  being  closed  for  several 

months  the  house  was  reopened  Jan.  16,   1861,  with  "Our  Union 

Saved,  or  Marion's  Dream,"  with  this  cast: 

Pteadent D.  J.  Maguire 

Herbert A.  L.  Cooke 

)«ob  Jones  ....  A.  Glassfbrd 
hfk  Morris  .  .  .  Robert  McWade 
Udr  Egertoo  .     .     .   Mrs.  J.  R.  Scott 

Sir  Edward E.  S.  Wise 

Wm.  Canning  ...     E.  L.  Mortimer 

Marion Agnes  Cameron 

Miss  L .     .     Mrs.  A.  Glassford 

Kitty Miss  A.  Hayes 

The  old  English  play,  "The  Romp,"  was  also  acted,  for  the  first 
time  in  this  city  in  thirty  years.  Charles  Dillon  appeared  here 
tt  Belphegor  Feb.  11  for  one  night.  Gerald  0*Neil,  an  Irish 
"wiard,"  was  seen  for  a  few  nights.  A  French  company  then 
pUyed  until  April  15,  when  the  establishment  became  known  as 
The  C.\nterbury  Hall. 

Robert  Fox  and  Curran  had  been  managing  663  Broadway,  but, 
^\ng  burnt  out,  they  took  this  place  and  expended  considerable 
lAooey  in  improvements.     It  was  called  The  Palace  OF  Mirrors. 

I20      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D^S 

In  the  dramatic  company  were  Lionel  Goldsmid,  Agnes  Suther- 
land, J.  H.  Ogden,  and  Marietta  Ravel.  James  Dunn,  the  well 
known  actor,  was  seen  here  June  24.  Hooley  &  Campbell's  min- 
strels appeared  all  through  the  summer  of  1862  and  up  to  the  end 
of  November.  In  the  company  were  G«o.  Christy,  Billy  Arling- 
ton, Wm.  Reeves,  Cooper,  Corwin,  Moreland,  Dick  Sands,  Eugene 
Florence,  Jules  Stratton,  W.  H.  Lewis,  Walter  Birch,  and  Billy 
Allen;  Professor  Napoleon,  prestidigitateur,  was  seen  Jan.  14, 
1863.  He  gave  a  miscellaneous  entertainment,  assisted  by  Hi 
Rumsey,  banjoist;  Mile.  Camille,  danseuse;  Mile.  Napoleon, 
vocalist;  Edouville,  pantomimist;  J.  C.  Wallace,  Irish  comedian; 
Leon  and  John  Allen,  Ethiopian  comedians. 

The  name  of  this  house  was  again  changed  and  it  was  known 
for  a  few  months  as  The  Broadway  Theatre.  It  was  reopened 
Sept.  7,  1863,  under  the  management  of  Mrs.  Emma  Robertson 
(Mrs.  John  Brougham),  formerly  of  Laura  Keene's  company. 
This  lady,  to  quote  her  own  words,  "not  being  able  to  secure 
even  a  bench  to  work  on  elsewhere,"  concluded  to  take  a  theatre 
of  her  own,  and  opened  this  house  with  the  following  company: 
Stuart  Robson,  Owen  Marlowe,  Frank  Gossin,  F.  Florence,  C.  H. 
Wilson,  Mrs.  Robinson,  Kate  Butler,  Mary  Pritchard,  Clara  Hil- 
ton, and  Sadie  Cole.  The  opening  bill  was  Rodolphino  Lacy's 
"Doing  for  the  Best,"  and  T.  J.  Williams'  farce,  "Ici  on  Parle 
Frangais."  A  second  performance  was  given  the  following  night, 
with  such  poor  success  that  the  house  was  closed.  On  the  morn- 
ing of  the  third  day  a  bill  was  posted  in  front  of  the  theatre  saying 
that  owing  to  the  severe  indisposition  of  Mrs.  Emma  Robertson 
the  house  would  be  "closed  for  a  short  time."  The  place  was 
leased  by  Richard  M.  Hooley,  and  opened  March  9,  1864,  by 
George  Christy's  minstrels,  consisting  of  George  Christy,  E. 
Bowers,  S.  S.  Purdy,  R.  Lindley,  M.  J.  A.  Keane,  T.  Simpson, 
J.  Turner,  J.  C.  Kempe,  T.  B.  Stevens,  D.  L.  Hargrave,  E.  Flor- 
ence, B.  Thompson,  F.  Boniface,  T.  Trogg,  W.  Randolph,  C. 
Hammond,  P.  Gillen,  and  T.  B.  Prendergast.  The  business  be- 
came so  very  bad  that  they  closed  Jan.  4,  1865. 

This  unlucky  house  next  got  the  name  of  St.  Nicholas  Hall, 
which  was  again  changed,  April  18,  to  Heller's  Salon  Dia- 
BOLIQUE,  when  Robert  Heller  took  possession  of  it.  The 
Wizard's  season  lasted  until  May  6,  1865.  On  May  8,  Messrs. 
Billy  Birch,  Chas.  Backus,  Wm.  H.  Bernard,  and  David  Wambold, 
with  their  company  of  San  Francisco  minstrels  became  lessees, 
and  luck  visited  the  house,  and  it  was  henceforth  known  by  the 
title  of  its  occupants,  San  Francisco  Minstrels.  The  company 
consisted  of:  Billy  Birch,  Chas.  Backus,  W.  H.  Bernard,  David 
Wambold,  Cooper  and  Fields,  W.  S.  Mullaly,  Richard  Sands,  E. 
Haslam,  Hays,  Shattuck,  W.  H.  Rice,  J.  B.  Donniker,  Ainsley, 

iW      THE  METROPOLITAN  THEATRE       1 21 

Scott,  and  Templeton.  The  first  season  closed  July  7,  1866. 
Their  second  commenced  Aug.  12,  1867,  and  closed  June  27, 
1868.  Their  company  was  much  the  same  as  during  the  previous 
season,  including  D.  S.  Wambold,  Charles  Backus,  William  Birch, 
W.  H.  Bernard,  W.  H.  Rice,  Fowler,  Templeton,  W.  P.  Grier, 
Williams,  and,  at  intervals  afterward,  Master  George,  Bobby 
Newcomb,  Lew  Brimmer,  J.  Ackerman,  J.  H.  Hilton,  Ainsley 
Scott,  and  Joe  Brown.  Their  next  season  commenced  Aug.  31, 
1868,  with  the  following  company:  Birch,  Backus,  Bernard, 
Wambold,  W.  H.  Rice,  Bobby  Newcomb,  E.  Templeton,  Ainsley 
Scott,  J.  R  Donniker,  Cooper,  and  Fields.  On  Oct.  5  Mr.  Harry 
Raynor  joined;  Dec.  7,  Billy  Emmett;  Jan.  11,  Master  Jerry,  jig 
dancer ;  and  during  the  season  Messrs.  Fowler,  Corrister,  Claren- 
don, Williams,  and  Jukes  also  assisted.  The  season  closed  Satur- 
day, June  12,  1869.  Their  next  season  began  Aug.  30,  1869,  with 
the  following  company :  Billy  Birch,  Charley  Backus,  W.  H.  Ber- 
nard, D.  S.  Wambold,  John  Mulligan,  John  Queen,  Billy  Emmett, 
Bobby  Newcomb,  Frank  Kent,  W.  Richards,  W.  Blakeny,  K  J. 
Hartigan,  J.  Juch,  G.  Clarendon,  W.  D.  Corrister,  Ainsley  Scott, 
Ira  Paine,  William  West,  C.  F.  Shattuck,  and  J.  Oberist  Leg- 
gett  and  Allen,  two  clog  dancers  on  pedestals,  from  Europe,  opened 
Sept  19;  Henry  Norman,  tenor,  made  his  first  appearance  in 
America  Feb.  21,  187a  Mr.  Lavallee  made  his  d^but,  and  on 
the  same  night  Rollin  Howard  and  Master  Fink,  April  11.  They 
closed  May  14,  1870.  J.  B.  Donniker  died  in  Penn  Yan,  N.  Y., 
July  17,   1902,  aged  sixty-six  years. 

George  Swaine  Buckley  began  here  with  his  minstrels  on  July 
n,  1870,  for  a  short  season.  The  Satsuma  Japanese  company 
made  their  New  York  d^but  at  this  house  in  April,  1872. 

Charles  T.  White  was  the  next  manager.  He  began  a  season 
Aug.  12  and  christened  the  house  White's  ATHENiEUM. 

A  minstrel  and  variety  performance  was  given.     In  the  company 
were  Mens.  Langlois,  juggler;  John  Stewart,  Andy  McKee,  Charles 
Henry,  Wash  Norton,  Nelse  Seymour,  Sevey,  Rodgers,  Geo.  H. 
Cocs  (stage  manager).  Sergeant  Burke,  Carl   Rudolph,   Chester 
Nichols,   W.  Schwicardi,  E.   Harding,    Prof.  E.  Comu  (musical 
director),  C.  W.  Schwab,  J.  K.  Campbell,  Joe   Lang,  Prescott, 
Charles  Stevens,  Frank  Beeler,  and  T.  Deverell.     Venturoli,  pre- 
mie danseuse,  and  Jennie  Kimball,  serio-comic  singer,  appeared 
Aug.  9.    On  March  10,  1873,  the  Worrell  Sisters—  Sophie,  Irene, 
ttd  Jennie  —  made  their  appearance  in  the  burlesque,  "Emani." 
Charley  White  continued  until  June,  when  he  closed.     On  Aug. 
18  this  house  was  opened  by  Robert  W.  Butler,  and  called  The 
Metropolitan  Theatre.     He  presented  a  company  which  in- 
cluded Nelse  Seymour,  Geo.  F.  Ketchum,  Luke  Schoolcraft,  Geo. 
H.  Coes,  Add  Ryman,  J.  F.  Howard,  Joe  Lang,  the  Reynolds,  the 

122      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D««s 

Le  Clairs,  Harry  Ward,  Belle  Howitt,  Nully  Pieris,  and  Marian 
Blande.  No  further  change  occurred  until  May  30,  1874.  A 
summer  season,  with  "  Can-can  "  dancers,  followed,  and  closed  Octo- 
ber, 1874.     Luke  Schoolcraft  died  in  Cincinnati,  March  12, 1893. 

On  Nov.  9  Harry  Clifton  and  James  Campbell  became  man- 
agers. The  nightly  performance  of  what  was  termed  the  "  Pari- 
sian Can-can  "  had  for  months  been  a  disgrace  to  the  city.  During 
the  first  weeks  of  this  performance  the  place  was  raided  by  Cap- 
tain Williams,  then  commanding  the  Eighth  Precinct,  and  James 
Campbell  was  arrested.  The  result  of  this  raid  was  that  Samuel 
Shapter,  lawyer,  who  held  the  lease  of  the  theatre  property, 
assumed  the  management.  A  real  French  dancer,  who  had  the 
stage  name  of  Mme.  de  Rochefoucauld,  was  engaged,  and  the 
Can-can  developed  in  all  its  details.  Numerous  complaints  were 
made  to  the  police  regarding  the  character  of  the  place ;  another 
raid  was  made  Dec.  23,  1874.  John  Le  Favre  Manning  took  the 
management  of  this  house  Jan.  25,  1875.  M.  C.  Campbell,  the 
"  old  time  "  minstrel  performer,  assumed  charge  Feb.  1 5.  During 
the  week  commencing  March  i  James  E.  Smith  gave  vaudeville 
entertainments,  and  Chas.  Shay  opened  the  place  as  The  Grand 
Central  Theatre,  with  variety,  closing  early  in  April.  It  was 
reopened  by  Wally  Ward  on  May  3  with  a  sketch  entitled  "  The 
Female  Bathers."  The  house  was  closed,  and  reopened  as  The 
Metropolitan  Theatre. 

The  Society  for  the  Relief  of  Juvenile  Delinquents  interfering 
on  the  ground  of  unpaid  taxes,  the  house  was  closed,  and  on  Aug. 
2  was  opened  by  Billy  Pastor  and  M.  B.  Leavitt.  Among  the 
many  attractions  that  appeared  Aug.  16  were  Kate  Raymond  and 
O.  B.  Collins,  in  "Dick  the  Newsboy." 

N.  D.  Roberts*  Pantomime  company  commenced  Aug.  23,  in 
"Jack  and  Jill."  Fanny  Herring,  supported  by  Ed.  Lay,  appeared 
Aug.  30  in  "The  French  Spy."  Tony  Pastor  became  manager 
Oct.  4,  and  presented  a  variety  entertainment.  He  continued 
here  until  April  11,  1881,  when  he  retired  from  active  manage- 
ment of  this  hall.  After  a  few  weeks  of  very  questionable  enter- 
tainments the  house  was  closed,  and  altered,  June  20,  1883,  into 
stores.  The  vicinity  in  which  this  house  of  many  names  was  situ- 
ated has  a  peculiar  and  historical  interest.  Bill  Poole,  politician 
and  pugilist,  was  murdered  by  Lew  Baker  in  a  saloon  on  the 
block.  Harry  Hill's  was  in  Houston  Street  near  by,  and  Harry 
Clifton's  and  the  "House  of  Lords,"  famous  for  their  roast  berf 
and  English  glee  singing,  were  opposite  Hill's  dance  house.  Fire- 
men's Hall  was  just  back  of  the  theatre,  in  Mercer  Street. 

Tony  Pastor's  reign  at  No.  585  will  live  in  the  dramatic  annals 
of  the  town  on  account  of  the  number  of  actors  and  actresses  who 
started  there  and  are  now  in  the  front  rank  of  their  profession. 




The  song  and  dance  team  of  Mackin  and  Wilson  appeared  with 
great  frequency  then.  Mackin  is  dead,  but  Francis  Wilson  is  now 
the  most  famous  of  all  the  comic  opera  comedians. 

Lillian  Russell  began  her  career  as  a  singer  by  warbling  "Kiss 
Me,  Mother,  Ere  I  Die/'  and  kindred  melodies  on  this  stage,  and 
Nat  Goodwin  made  his  metropolitan  d^but  a  year  or  so  earlier, 
with  imitations  of  Booth,  Raymond,  and  other  well-known  actors. 
Evaoi  and  Hoey  and  the  French  twins  played  frequent  engage- 
ments, and  so  did  May  and  Flo  Irwin. 


THE  theatre  which  Laura  Keene  managed  so  long  and  made  so 
famous  was  situated  on  the  east  side  of  Broadway  (624), 
above  Houston  Street.  It  had  a  handsome  exterior  and  a  seating 
opacity  of  eighteen  hundred.  When  completed,  it  cost  ^74, 00a 
It  was  erected  on  groimd  leased  by  Mr.  Trimble  for  a  period  of 
twenty-one  years,  and  the  theatre  proper  was  leased  by  Laura 
Keene,  at  an  annual  rental  of  ^I2,cxx>,  for  seven  years.  H.  Hall 
was  stage  manager ,  and  Thomas  Baker  musical  director.  The  open- 
ing occurred  Tuesday,  Nov.  18,  1856,  with  the  following  company: 
Grarge  C.  Jordan,  C.  Wheatleigh  (from  the  Princess  Theatre, 
London),  G.  K.  Dickinson,  F.  C.  Wemyss,  J.  A.  Smith  (from  the 
Boiton  Theatre),  J.  H.  Stoddart,  Napoleon  W.  Gould,  H.  Hayes, 
W.  Reeve,  Mr.  Cecine,  C.  Young,  H.  Hall,  Mr.  Burnett,  T.  B. 
Johnston,  M.  V.  Lingham,  Mr.  Alleyne,  B.  Ringgold,  Mr.  Mac- 
Rae,  Mr.  Harcourt,  Mr.  Evarts,  Mr.  Colfield,  Mr.  Andros,  J.  T. 
Austin,  Mr.  Chester,  Mrs.  W.  H.  Smith  (her  first  engagement  in 
this  city),  Julia  Gould  (her  first  appearance  since  her  return  from 
California),  Mrs.  J.  H.  Stoddart,  Ada  Clifton,  Jessie  McLean, 
Josephine  Manners,  Mrs.  H.  P.  Grattan,  Mrs.  Stephens,  Mrs. 
Atwood,  Mrs.  T.  B.  Johnston,  Cornelia  Jefferson,  Emma  Hall, 
Miss  Alleyne,  Stella  Mairs,  Louisa  Paine,  Rose  Archer,  and 
Uma  Keene.  The  performance  commenced  with  "The  Star 
Spangled  Banner,"  sung  by  the  whole  company,  followed  by  "As 
Yon  Like  It,"  which  had  this  cast : 

Dvke  ta  Ejdle  .     .     .     .  F.  C.  Wemvss 
p«kc  Frederick    .     .    .   S.  K.  Chester 

LeBeau J.  A.  Smith 

Ofim M.  V.  Lingham 

)jy« Mr.  MacRae 

^^"aado Geo.  Jordan 

^ Mr.  Burnett 

i«rt H.  Hayes 

Jotchitooc      .     .     .       C.  Wheatleigh 
^ J.  H.  Stoddart 

Amiens Julia  Gould 

Jaques G.  K.  Dickinson 

Charles  the  Wrestler     .    Mr.  Harcourt 

Silvius B.  Ringgold 

William W.  Reeve 

Rosalind Laura  Keene 

Celia Mrs.  Stoddart 

Phoebe    ....    Josephine  Manners 
Audrey  .     .     .     .    Mrs.  H.  P.  Grattan 


The  performance  concluded  with  "Ladies,  Beware!"  O 
Vavasour,  J.  G.  Burnett;  Sir  Charles,  M.  V.  Lingham;  Ma 
Josephine  Manners;  Lady  Beaucharop,  Mrs.  H.  P.  Grattan; 
Peabody,  Mrs.  W.  H.  Smith.  Admission  was:  Dress  Circl 
Parquet,  50  cents;  Balcony  Seats,  75  cents;  Family  Circl 
cents;  Orchestra  Stalls,  $1  each;  Private  Boxes,  $6, 
The  house  was  crowded,  and  the  receipts  amounted  to  ^941 
"  Young  New  York  "  was  acted,  Nov.  24,  for  the  first  tinw 
kept  the  stage  until  Dec.  8.  "  Second  Love  "  was  played  fi 
first  time  here  Dec.  8.  "Camille,"  Dec.  18,  with  Geo.  Jon 
Armand,  J.  G.  Burnett  as  Duval,  and  Laura  Keene  as  Cai 
Dec.  25,  "The  Love  Chase"  and  the  extravaganza,  "First  1 
or  the  Life  of  an  Actress ; "  Dec.  26,  "  The  Marble  Heart ; ' 
St  1857,  for  the  first  time  "Young  Bacchus,  or  Spirits  and  W 
This  was  a  musical  extravaganza,  and  had  this  cast : 

Bacchus Laura  Keene 

Jupiter J.  G.  Burnett 

Momus Chas.  Wheatldgh 

Hymen  ....      Cornelia  Jefferson 

Mars Mr.  Hayes 

Silenus H.  McDouall 

Pan    .     .     •    • B.  Yates 

Mercury      .     .     .    Josephine  Manners 

Apollo Miss  Stella 

Cadmus J.  H.  Stoddart 

Ampuleas Mr.  Alleyne 

Vulcan Mr.  Donelson 

Juno Mrs.  W.  Hi 

Ariadne Julia 

Venus Miss  J 

Dirce T.  B.  J« 

Flora      ....  Mrs.  T.  B.  J< 

Hebe Miss 

Calliope Miss 

Diana Mil 

Jola Mrs.  J.  H.  S 

Ceres Mi« 

Olio Mrs.  Han 

Cupid Clan 

"  Rachel  the  Reaper  "  was  played  for  the  first  time  Jan.  12. 
Stoops  to  Conquer  "  was  given  with  "  Young  Bacchus  "  unti 
29.     "  Mary's  Birthday  "  was  first  seen  Feb.  2,  and  with  this 

George  Lordly  .  .  .  C.  Wheatlei|;h 
Vernon  Lordly  .  .  .  .  J.  A.  Smith 
Beale Mr.  Reeve 

Mr.  Hawthorne    .     .     .  J.  H.  S 

Alice Ada 

Mary Laura 

George  Jordan  took  his  first    benefit   Feb.    7  as    Evd' 
"Money."     For  T.  B.  Johnston's  benefit,  Feb.    14,  "David 
perfield"  was   presented   with  Johnston  as   Uriah   Heep; 
Plunkett,    Wilkins    Micawber,   Jr. ;    J.    G.    Burnett,    Mid 
Mrs.  H.  P.  Grattan,  Betsy  Trotwood;  and  Laura  Keene,  M 
"Camomille"  was  the  afterpiece,  with  T.  B.  Johnston  as  i 
mille.     "  Much  Ado  About  Nothing  "  was  played  Feb.  19. 
P.  Wilkins,  the  author  of  "  Young  New  York  "  and  "  My  ^ 
Mirror,"  had  a  benefit  Feb.  21,  when  those  two  plays  werei 
Feb.  23,  "Faust  and  Marguerite,"  for  the  first  time  here, 
translation   was   by  Jonathan   Birch.     "Love    in    '76"   wai 
given  for  the  first   time  Feb.  28.     **Rose  Elsworth  "  was 
by  Laura  Keene  until  March  3,  when  Kate  Reignolds  mac 






first  appearance  in  the  character.  "  The  Black  Book  "  was  first  pro- 
doced  in  this  country  March  12;  Fred  M.  Kent  made  his  d^but 
here  as  Peter  Zitterschenkel.  The  hit  of  the  season  was  Charles 
Selby's  fairy  drama,  "The  Elves,  or  the  Statue  Bride,"  presented 
March  16,  and  thus  cast: 

Prince  Pomp  .  .  .  .  J.  H.  Stoddart 
Prince  Lobtn  .  .  .  Kate  Reignolds 
Gwot  Coldstreamer  .    .  C.  Wheatleieh 

ToidTler J.  A.  Smith 

Soft  Sawder Alleyne 

Chrii^^ Hayes 

Hjraoiithe McOouall 

Cbfia T.  B.  Johnston 

Corin Jackson 

Arcader Ben  Yates 

Colantha Harcourt 

Melantba Miss  Alford 

Sylva Laura  Keene 

Princess Miss  Manners 

Phillis C.  Jefferson 

Eoline    ....  Mrs.  T.  B.  Johnston 
Mme.  Chloe    .    .    Mrs*  H.  P.  Grattan 

Daphne Mrs.  Stoddart 

Phoebe Miss  Alleyne 

Ifis Julia  Gould 

"The  Wicked  Wife,  or  A  Reign  of  Terror,"  was  seen  for  the  first 
time  in  America  March  23.  "Living  Too  Fast,"  first  time  here 
April  6.  Charles  Gayler's  "  Love  of  a  Prince,"  for  the  first  time  on 
any  stage,  April  13.     It  had  this  cast: 

Priace  Charles     .     .    .     Laura  Keene 
Bam  Hoppen  T.  B.  Johnston 

GontGustave     ....      Lingham 

Get.  Stunner Stoddart 

Gti.  Banmer jBenson 

CoL  Bnuiner Harcourt 

Ki^  Frederick    .     .    .    J.  G.  Burnett 

Count  Saxendorf  .     .     .  F.  C.  Wemyss 
Queen  Sophia  .     .  Mrs.  H.  P.  Grattan 

Stolbach McI>ouall 

Jean F.  M.  Kent 

Elizabeth Julia  Manners 

Louise Ada  Oifton 

Cristin C.  Jefferson 

April   27,  for  the   first   time  in  America,    Alex.  Dumas  Ji/s' 
comedy,  "The  Money  Question,"  was  seen,  and  with  this  cast: 

Uat  De  Chanay      .      C.  Wheatleigh 
]aa  Girdud     ....      Geo.  Jordan 

I>cRencourt McDouall 

Mne.  Durieu   .     .     .     .Mrs.  Grattan 
Mathilde Miss  Manners 

Durieu Burnett 

De  Cayolle Stoddart 

Eliza Kate  Reignolds 

La  Corotesse    ....      Ada  Clifton 

For  the  benefit  of  Laura  Keene,  May  2,  "  Like  and  Unlike  "  was 
Siven  for  the  first  time  at  this  theatre.  May  11,  first  time,  a  semi- 
borlesque,  "Variety,  or  the  Picture  Gallery"  was  done,  and  the 
ocw comedy,  "Nature  and  Art."  The  season  closed  June  i  with 
»  benefit  to  T.  B.  Johnston.  A  summer  term  began  June  3  with 
"She  Stoops  to  Conquer"  and  "Variety,  or  the  Picture  Gallery." 
"Life's  Troubled  Tides"  was  seen  for  the  first  time  June  8. 
"Plot  and  Passion"  had  its  first  hearing  here  June  17.  The  cast 

F«kW Burnett 

Voas.  Desmarets       .     .  C.  Wheatleigh 
TW  Marquis     ....      J.  A.  Smith 

^•rtkier Mr.  Hayes 

C«dk MissAUeyne 

Henri Lingham 

Jabot McDouall 

Grisboulle W.  M.  Reeve 

Mme.  De  Fontaques  .     .    Laura  Keene 


"Love's  Telegraph,"  a  new  play,  was  seen  June  24: 

The  Prince Lineham 

Arthur C.  Wheatieigh 

Baron Burnett 

Gentleman  Usher      ....   Benson 

Princess  . 
Alice  .  . 

.    .    Laura 

Mrs.  T.  B.  Jol 

Josephine  Ms 

"Where's  the  Police? "  was  played  for  the  first  time  in  An 
July  4,  on  the  closing  night  of  the  summer  season. 

The  Marsh  Troupe  Juvenile  Comedians,  under  the  manage 
of  R.  G.  Marsh,  commenced  Aug.  3.  On  their  first  appea 
they  were  arrayed  in  their  travelling  costumes,  in  a  tableau 
trative  of  "  Home  Again."  This  was  followed  by  the  Marseil 
sung  by  Master  Alfred  Stewart,  his  first  appearance  before  the 
York  public;  this  was  succeeded  by  a  tableau  and  music  ent 
"Hail  Columbia."  Little  Jennie  followed  with  a  dance^ 
"Toodles"  closed  the  performance.  "The  Naiad  Queen*' 
presented  by  the  Marsh  company  Aug.   13  with  this  cast: 

Sir  Rupert Carrie 

Schnapps G.  W.  Marsh 

Rinalcio Georgiana 

CameUe Francis 

Rodolphe Master  Ames 

Ronaldo Amelia 

Manfredi Adelaide 

The  Naiad  Queen      ....    Louise 

Idex Mary  Marsh 

Fulvia Julia  Melville 




Coral  Shew 1 


Limpid I 

Amphibeo R.  G. 

Finbach Master  C 

Goggle  Eye      .    .     .      Master 
Phantom  Face .     .     .     .   M.  Fn 

The  season  of  1857-58  opened  Aug.  31.     "The  Heir  at  1 
and  "A  Ghost  in  Spite  of  Himself  "  formed  the  programme, 
comedy  had  this  cast : 

Lord  Duberly  . 
Dick  Dowlas  . 
2^kiel  Homespun 
Dr.  Pangloss  . 
Mr.  Stedfast  . 
Henry  Moreland 

.   J.  G.  Burnett 

A.  H.  Davenport 

C.  Wheatieigh 

.  Jos.  Jefferson 

J.  H.  Stoddart 

Carlton  Howard 

John    .    .    . 
Waiter     .     . 
Lady  Duberly 
Caroline  .    . 
Cicely      .     . 


.    .    .     Maij 

Charlotte  Tho 
.    .    .  Laura 


A  Ghost  in  Spite  of  Himself  ": 

Nicodemus Stoddart 

Capt.  Vauntington      .     .     .      Duncan 

Paul Chas.  Peters 

Lavinia     .    .    .     Charlotte  Thompson 

S(}uire  Aldwinkle 1 

Diggory J^l^ 

Georgiana     ....     Mrs.  C 

Joseph  Jefferson's  comic  talent  and  powers  of  characterii 
were  recognized  from  the  first  night  of  his  engagement,  and  b 
here  two  seasons  later  an  established  favorite.  Sept.  i  **I 
line"  and  "A  Conjugal  Lesson"  were  acted.  In  the  latter  J 
son  played  Mr.  Lullaby,  Laura  Keene  being  his  long-suff 




rife.  During  this  season  some  of  Mr.  Jefferson's  other  characters 
rcrc  Joshua  Butterby  in  "The  Victims,"  Major  Lumley  in  "An 
Vffair  of  Honor,"  Scout  in  "The  Village  Lawyer,"  Maximilian 
luddle  in  "Nothing  to  Nurse,"  Camera  Facsimile  Catchmug  in 
The  Siam  Light  Guard,"  in  which  he  danced  in  the  lancers  and 
mitated  a  tight-rope  walker ;  Pierre  Rouge  in  "  The  Husband  of  an 
lour,"  Bamaby  Bibbs  in  "A  Quiet  Family,"  Diggory  in  "The 
ipectre  Bridegroom,"  Golightly  in  "Lend  Me  Five  Shillings," 
Septimus  Smith  in  "My  Son  Diana,"  Barabas  in  "The  Sea  of 
cc,"  Botcherby  in  "An  Unequal  Match,"  Dard  in  "White  Lies," 
Hod  Meddlenot  in  Durivage's  burlesque,  "The  Lady  of  the  Lions," 
[oliquet  in  "The  Courier  of  Lyons,"  Graves  in  "Money,"  Colin 
in  "  The  Elves  "  and  Seth  Hope  in  "  Blanche  of  Brandywine. " 

Sept  5  "Rachel  the  Reaper,"  "A  Conjugal  Lesson,"  and  the 
Bnt  act  of  "Robert  Macaire"  formed  the  bill.  Charles  Wheat - 
kigh  was  the  Robert  Macaire,  and  Jos.  Jefferson,  Jacques  Strop. 
Sept.  7,  for  the  first  time  in  this  country,  Tom  Taylor's  comedy, 
"The  Victims,"  was  thus  cast: 

Mr.  Mernnreather  . 
Mr.  Rowley       .     . 
Herbert  Fitzherbert 
joihna  Batterby     . 
Mr.  Ciundle 
Mr.  Middlemist 
Mr.  Hornblower 
Cvflnffle  .... 

C  Whcatleigh 
.  J.  G.  Burnett 
Geo.  Stoddart 
.  .  Jefferson 
J.  H.  Stoddart 
Carlton  Howard 
.  Hardenbergb 
.     .    Harcourt 

Skinner C.  Peters 

Mrs.  MerrjTweather     .    .  Laura  Keene 

Miss  Crane Mary  Wells 

Mrs.  Fitzherbert    Charlotte  Thompson 

Satchell Annie  Walters 

Mrs.  Sharp  ....  Mrs.  Thompson 
Mary  BusUe Miss  Bell 

Footman Evans 

Cook Numerett 

Countess Laura  Keene 

Amy    ....     Charlotte  Thompson 

Rose Mary  Wells 

Gardener Burke 

Sept.  16  "Judith  of  Geneva "  was  presented : 

MoQs.  St  Val  .  Frank  Hardenbergh 
Henry  St  Val  .  .  .  Carlton  Howard 
Le  Unny  ....  J.  H.  Stoddart 
LaVorae      .     .     .     .    C.  Wheatleigh 

Nidioas Jos.  Jefferson 

Robert Harcourt 

Sept  21  ^'Eustache  Baudin  "  was  given  here,  with  this  cast: 

Etttache  Baudin    .    . 

Alphonse  ....       F.  Hardenbergh 

Moos.  Poocelot       ...     C.  Howard 

Marcel  Coulet Jefferson 

Fiaaljardin Burke 

Gregory Frank  Evans 

Cbunten Mary  Wells 

Lodse  (aged  4)      .  Little  May  Bullock 
Looise  (aged  17)    .    Cornelia  Jefferson 

"She  Stoops  to  Conquer"  was  played  Sept.  24,  with  George 
Jordan  as  Young  Marlowe;  Sept.  28,  "Living  Too  Fast,"  and,  for 
the  first  time,  K  G.  P.  Wilkins'  "The  Siam  Light  Guard,"  the 
latter  having  this  cast : 

C^  Wheatleigh  [  Delhois     .     .     . 

Duke  DeBrisac  . 
Henri  De  Brisac 

.  .  J.  G.  Burnett 
.  .  J.  H.  Stoddart 
.     .     .     .      Duncan 

Mons.  Manclerc Brown 

Sergeant C.  Peters 

Pierre Burke 

Louise  ....    Charlotte  Thompson 
Manon Annie  Taylor 


Sonofeigongo      ...      J.  G.  Buraett  Patchouli  .    .    .    Charlotte  Tb€ 

Camera  Facsimile  Catchmug  Cartevocha Marj 

J.  Jefferson  Schako Annie 

Knappkin Chas.  Peters  Dodo Mrs.  Chas. 

Mrs.  Catchmug  ....  Laura  Keene  Dahlia Mrs.  The 

Babee C.  Jefferson 

Incidental  to  the  piece  was  the  quadrille  **  Les  Lanciers/ 
sented  for  the  first  time  on  the  American  stage.  C  M.  Wa 
farce,  "  Nothing  to  Nurse,"  was  the  afterpiece.  Falconer's d 
"  Husband  for  an  Hour  "  was  acted  Oct.  5. 

"Splendid  Misery,"  by  C.  T.  P.  Ware,  was  produced  fc 
first  time  Oct.   19,  and  with  this  cast: 

Chas.  Glitter 
Hal  Highflyer    . 
Hon.  Geo.  Prindle 
Koskiusko     .    . 
Mrs.  Chas.  GUtter 
Mrs.  Crinoline  Hoopley 

.  J.  Jefferson 
C.  Wheatleigh 
J.  H.  Stoddart 
J.  G.  Burnett 
.  Laura  Keene 
Mary  Wells 

Angeline Annie  Taylor 

Silky George 

Frank C* 

Bob Carlton  fi 

Jenkins T.I 


Julia     ....      MissC.  Tho 

"Birds  of  Prey"  was  done  for  the  first  time  Oct.  26.      Il 
written  by  Mr.  Wray  for  the  Haymarket  Theatre,  London* 
it  had  this  cast : 

Charles  de  Rennepout      .  Geo.  Jordan 
Viscount  George  Darmenonville 

C  WheaUeigh 
Mons.  Lalonette  ....  J.  Burnett 
Henry  De  Clamarius  Geo.  W.  Stoddart 
Mile.  Th^r^se  Bernard    .  Laura  Keene 

Duchess  de  Guerand  .  .  Marf 
Helen  de  Guerand  .  .  Annie ' 
Mile.  Georgina  .  Charlotte  Tho 
Mons.  Maugiron     ...      T.  £ 

Eustace '. 


Nov.  5  "  The  Sea  of  Ice  "  was  produced  and  thus  cast : 

Henri  De  Lascours    Chas.  Wheatleigh 
Louise  De  Lascours    .     .  Laura  Keene 

Carlos Geo.  Jordan 

Medoc C.  Peters 

Pas(juin Burke 

Mane       Mary  Bullock 

Horace G.  W.  Stoddart 

Don  Jos^       ....  Carlton  B 
Mile.  Diana  De  Theringe 

Charlotte  Tho 

Barabas Jos.  Jd 

Jano F. 

Georges T.  C 

Countess Mary 

Ice  scenes  were  witnessed  on  the  stage  as  early  as  1818.     1 
was  produced  at  Birmingham,  Eng.,  that  year,  "The  North 
or  the  Arctic  Expedition.*'     The  final  scene  was  described  a 
bills  as  follows : 

"  A  ship  of  immense  size,  fully  rigged,  with  a  crew  of  fortj 
sons,  commanded  by  a  naval  officer,  will  effect  her  passage  tlu 
floating  islands  of  ice,  which,  on  separating,  will  show  an  expai 
ocean  covering  the  whole  stage.  She  will  sail  down  to  the 
lights  with  her  bowsprit  over  the  pit,  producing  as  novel  and 
erful  an  effect  as  can  be  exhibited  on  the  stage." 

Benjamin  Webster  produced  a  version  of  **  The  Sea  of  lo 




the  Adelphi  Theatre,  London,  Eng.,  in  October,   1853,  entitled 
"Thirst  of  Gold."     The  success  of  this  piece  evokod  another 
adaptation   early  in  1854,  at  the   Marylebone  Theatre,   London, 
in  which  a  Danish  vessel  was  brought  on  the  scene,  simultane- 
ously with  the  breaking  up  of  the  ice,  to  rescue  the  immersed. 
Although  scenes  of  this  nature  are  of  comparatively  recent  date, 
ordinary  nautical  effects  must  be  of  very  considerable  antiquity. 
So  far  back  as  the  year  171 3  a  piece  was  produced  at  Paris,  called 
''Les  Amours  D^guis^s,"  in  which  a  fully  rigged  ship  sailed  on 
the  stage  with  her  decks  covered  with  sailors  and  passengers. 

"The  Sea  of  Ice"  ran  until   Dec   21,  when  "The  Corsican 
Brothers  "  was  produced  with  this  cast : 

The  Twin  Brothers  .  George  Jordan 
Qateao  Renaud  .  .  C.  Wheatleigh 
Alfred  Mejrnard  .  .  Geo.  Stoddart 
Le  Baron  De  Montnron  Duncan 

Le  Baron  Giordano  Martelli  .  Howard 
Mme.  Savila  Dei  Franchi  Mary  Wells 
Servants  .  .  •  Sadler  and  Cnurchill 
£inilie  de  Lesparre 

Charlotte  Thompson 
Orlando Wise 

Colonna Burke 

M.  Beauchamp Munerett 

M.  Vemer Dowton 

Griffo E.  K.  Burke 

Antonio Brown 

Boissec C.  Peters 

Marie Mrs.  Thompson 

Coralie Miss  Lang 

Celestine Miss  Walters 

Estelle      .    .    .     Mrs.  G.  W.  Stoddart 

"Take  Care  of  Dowb"  was  acted  the  same  night,  and  Josephine 
Manners  made  her  first  appearance  this  season,  as  Mrs.  Wallop. 
Henrietta  Lang  was  the  Fanny.  Dec.  24,  in  addition  to  "The 
Corsican  Brothers,"  the  comic  pantomime,  "Harlequin  Blue  Beard, 
or  the  Good  Fairy  Triumphant  over  the  Demon  of  Discord  "  was 
produced.  Sallie  Bishop  was  the  Columbine ;  Mons.  Leon,  Sprite; 
Ben  Yates,  Harlequin ;  W.  Kennedy  (his  first  appearance  in  this 
city  in  fifteen  years),  Pantaloon ;  C.  Henry,  Clown.  Tom  Taylor's 
comedy,  "An  Unequal  Match"  was  played  for  the  first  time  Jan. 
4i  1858,  and  had  this  cast : 

Harry  AmcIi£Fe     .    .    .    Geo.  Jordan 
Sir  Sowerby  Honejrwood 

G.  W.  Stoddart 

Blenkensop C.  Peters 

Heydnk Burke 

Miss  Leech Miss  Everett 

Lady  Hoaeywood  .    .  Mrs.  Thompson 

"The  Muleteer  of  Toledo,"  was  acted  Jan.  15,  and  Jan.  25  Wilkie 

Collins'  drama,   "The  Lighthouse."      For  the  benefit  of   Laura 

Keene,  Jan.  30,  "White  Lies,"  dramatized  from  Chas.  Reade's 

oovel  of  that  name,  was  produced.     Feb.  4,  the  burlesque  of  "  The 

Lady  of  the  Lions,"  Jefferson  as  Clod  Meddlenot.     "The  Courier 

of  Lyons"  was  done  Feb.  6  for  the  benefit  of  George  Jordan. 

Joseph  JefiFerson's  first  benefit  in  New  York  took  place  Feb.  13, 

when   he  played  Toby  Twinkle  in   "All  That  Glitters  is  not 

T0L.11..— 9 

Bessie  Hebblethwaite       Miss  Manners 
Hester  Grazebrook     .     .  Laura  Keene 

Dr.  Botcherby Jefferson 

Grazebrook Burnett 

Chillineham  ....     Frank  Hodges 
Mrs.  Montressor    .     .     .     Mary  Wells 

130      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D«i 

Gold;"  Mr.  Brown  in  the  farce  "My  Neighbor's  Wife/'  an 
Diggory  in  "The  Spectre  Bridegroom."  John  Courtney's  corned 
"Double  Faced  People"  was  seen  Feb.  26;  "Mind  Your  Ow 
Business  "  was  done  the  same  night.  For  Stage  Manager  J.  C 
Burnett's  benefit,  Feb.  27,  "Mind  Your  Own  Business,"  and  a 
original  sketch  called  "A  Steamboat  Disaster"  were  givea  Poll 
Marshall  first  appeared  at  this  house  March  i  as  Polly  Crisp  i 
the  farce  "Unprotected  Female,"  and  as  Captain  Charlotte  in  tb 
farce  of  that  name.  March  2  "The  Heir  at  Law"  was  acted,  whe 
Virginia  C.  Howard  made  her  d^but  here  as  Caroline  Dorme 
"  Green  Bushes  "  was  seen  March  3,  with  H.  F.  Daly,  his  first  a: 
pearance,  as  Connor  O' Kennedy.  Harry  A.  Perry  was  added  ' 
the  company  March  13  and  opened  as  Alfred  Evelyn  in  "Money. 
March  15  "Flowers  of  the  Forest"  was  done  for  the  first  tim 
here.  March  22,  "Jonathan  Bradford":  H.  F.  Daly  playei 
Jonathan;  Harry  Perry,  Dan  Macraisy;  and  Jos.  Jefferson,  Calel 

"The  Elves,  or  the  Statue  Bride,"  March  27;  "Flowers  of  the 
Forest"  was  revived  April  7.  "Plot  and  Passion"  was  revived 
April  12. 

The  theatre  was  closed  Wednesday  evening,  April  21,  for  a 
dress  rehearsal  of  "Blanche  of  Brandywine,"  which  had  its  first 
representation  April  22.  The  scenery  was  painted  by  Minard 
Lewis  (his  first  effort  in  this  city).     This  was  the  cast: 

General  Washington  .     Edwin  Varrey 

General  Green McDouall 

Sampson W.  Denham 

Gilbert  Gates  (first  appear- 
ance in  this  city  .     .     .  Frank  Bangs 
Blanche  of  Branaywine    .  Laura  Keene 

Randulph H.  F.  Daly 

John  Walford     .     .     .     C.  Wheatleigh 

Col.  Frazier  . 
Seth  Hope     . 
Krout  .    . 
Rose  Frazier 
SaUy     .     . 
Gen.  Howe 
Geo,  Percy 

.  .  J.  Bomett 
Jos.  Jcffenoo 
.  .  CPeten 
Arthur  Alleyne 
.  Miss  Alleyne 
.  MissWaide 
.  Mr.  Martin 

On  this  occasion  a  new  drop-curtain  was  shown,  painted  by  Del- 
amane,  and  representing  a  fac-simile  of  Leutze's  picture  of  "Wash- 
ington Crossing  the  Delaware."  "Blanche  of  Brandywine"  was 
played  for  the  last  time  May  12;  also  "An  Unequal  Match,"  for 
the  benefit  of  Joseph  Jefferson.  E.  A.  Sothern  made  his  first 
appearance  here  acting  Harry  Arnclifife  in  "  An  Unequal  Match." 
Geo.  W.  Stoddart  died  July  9,  1888,  at  the  residence  of  his  father- 
in-law,  Neil  Burgess,  at  Atlantic  Highlands,  N.  J.  He  came  to  this 
country  in  1853,  and  made  his  American  d^but  in  Boston  at  the 
National  Theatre.  His  best  work  was  as  a  leading  comedian  witb 
the  elder  Booth,  Edwin  Forrest,  Macready,  Charlotte  Cushmaa, 
and  Chas.  Kean.  His  last  appearance  on  the  stage  was  as  tb 
Elder  in  "The  Widow  Bedott."  Mrs.  D.  P.  Bowers  appeared  Ma; 
17,  1858,  in  "The  Lady  of  Lyons."     In  the  company  were:  Sat 




Hemple,  F.  B.  Conway,  George  Boniface,  L.  R.  Shewell,  Fred 
Dubois,  W.  B.  Chapman,  W.  Davidge,  Anna  Cruise,  Sara  Stevens, 
Mrs.  Josh  Silsbee,  and  Cornelia  Jefferson.     "  Camille  "  was  acted 
Hay  18.     William  Davidge  first  appeared  here  as  John  Small  in 
"The  Two  Buzzards."     May  20,  "The  Jealous  Wife;*'  May   21, 
"Fazio,    the    Italian  Wife;"    May   22,    "The   Willow   Copse;" 
May  23,    24,    "Leap  Year;"   May  25,    26,    "The   Hunchback;" 
May  27,  28,  "The  King's  Rival ;'^  May  29,  "Love  and  Loyalty," 
when   Mrs.    Bowers'   engagement  ended.      J.    H.    Hackett  com- 
menced May  31  as  Sir  John  Falstaflf,  in  "The  Merry  Wives   of 
Windsor,"  which  he  repeated  June  i,  2.     C.    Walcot  acted  Sir 
Hugh  Evans  and  Mrs.  Walcot,  Mrs.  Page.     June  3  Hackett  acted 
Mons.  Mallett  in  the  comedy  of  that  name,  and  O'Callaghan  in 
"His  Last  Legs."     Mrs.  Bowers  took  a  benefit  June  5,  and  played 
Margaret  Elmore  in  "Love's  Sacrifice."    Mrs.  F.  B.  Conway  acted 
Hermione;    E.   A.  Sothern  was  also   in  the  cast.     Matilda  Her- 
on's new  play,  "Mathilde,"  was  seen  June  7  for  the  first   time 
in  this  city.     The  theatre  closed  very  suddenly  June  10.     E.  A. 
Sothern  came  before  the  curtain  and  said: 

"Ladies  and  gentlemen  —  I  am  under  the  painful  necessity  of 
announcing  to  you  that  there  will  be  no  performance  this  evening. 
(A  voice  —  *  Because  of  the  smallness of  the  audience,  I  suppose? ') 
No,  sir,  Matilda  Heron  and  the  rest  of  the  company  are  dressed 
for  their  parts,  but  I  have  this  moment  been  notified  by  two  parties 
to  pay  the  rent,  both  of  whom  claim  it,  and  if  I  pay  it  to  one  party 
I  am  threatened  with  a  prosecution  by  the  other.  Under  these 
circumstances,  therefore,  I  think  it  better  to  close  the  establish- 
loent,  and  the  audience  will  receive  their  money  at  the  box  office." 
It  was  rumored  that  a  fracas  took  place  in  the  greenroom 
ketwecn  the  respective  allies  of  Laura  Keene,  Matilda  Heron  and 
Mrs*  D.  P.  Bowers,  and  that  during  the  mfil^e  Mr.  Sothern  rushed 
forward  and  made  the  above  announcement  to  prevent  an  expose. 

The   next  season  opened   Aug.    25,    1858,   with  "The  Willow 
Copse,"  and  this  cast : 

Sv  Richard  . 
Uke  Fielding 
Aithar  Apsley 

.  •  £.  A.  Sothern 
C.  W.  Couldock 

.  .  .  W.  Marden 
Amitiis' .'....      Jos.  Jefferson 

Bibtileaiere H.  Wharton 

fmign Mr.  Clinton 

IJKf Sara  Stevens 

Mcf Mrs.  Sothern 

Col.  Vanguard 
Dick  Hulks  . 
Staggers  .  . 
Lady  Apsley  . 
Rose  Fielding 
Miss  Apsley  . 

J.  G.  Burnett 
Edwin  Varrey 
.  .  C.  Peters 
.  MaryWeUs 
.  Laura  Keene 
Eliza  Couldock 
Lillie  Marden 

There  were  two  additions  to  the  company  this  season.     Charles 

W.  Couldock,  who  had  not  been  in  America  for  nine  years,  was 

one  of  them,  and  William  R.  Blake  the  other.     After  the  drama 

Louise   Lamoureux  and  George  Smith  did  a  dance.      Sept.    2 


Plunkett's  drama,  "The  Advocate,"  was  acted  for  the  first  1 
here,  and  in  honor  of  the  telegraph  celebration  "  Love  and  Li 
ning,  or  the  Telegraph  Cable  "  was  played  In  the  cast  were  ] 
and  Maria  Duckworth.  "  The  Rivals  "  was  seen  Sept.  6,  and 
troduced  here  Mr.  and  Mrs.  William  R.  Blake: 

Sir  Anthony W.  R.  Blake 

Falkland Frank  Bangs 

David Chas.  Peters 

Fag Milnes  Levick 

Mrs.  Malaprop  •    .  Mrs.  W.  R.  Blake 
Lydia  Languish  .    •    .      Laura  Keene 

Lucy     .     .     . 
Capt.  Absolute 
Sir  Lucius 
Bob  Acres 
Julia     .    .    . 

Mrs.  So 
E.  A.  So 
J.  G.  Bt 
Jos.  JefiE 
Sara  St 

On  Sept.  7,  "Louis  XI.,"  with  Charles  W.  Couldock  in 
title  rdle,  and  Laura  Keene  as  the  Dauphin.  "The  Schoo! 
Scandal"  had  this  cast  Sept.   13: 

Sir  Peter  Teazle 
Sir  Oliver  Surface 
Joseph  Surface  . 
Charles  Suri^e 
Crabtree    .     •    . 

Wm.  Rufus  Blake 

.      J.  G.  Burnett 

C.  W.  Couldock 

.     £.  A.  Sothem 

Joseph  Jefferson 

Sir  Benjamin  Backbite    Charles  Peters 
Careless Frank  Bangs 

Rowley William  M; 

Moses Edwin  V 

Trip Milnes  L 

Lady  Teazle Laura  I 

Lady  Sneerwell  ....  Mary  ' 
Mrs.  Candour  .  Mrs.  Wm.  R.  ! 
Maria Sara  St 

It  will  be  seen  that  this  comedy  was  revived  with  the  sm 
parts  filled  by  excellent  artists,  while  the  principal  characters ' 
sustained  by  eight  acknowledged  stars.  Sept.  20  "  Old  Heads 
Young  Hearts  "  was  done ;  Sept.  27,  "  The  Road  to  Ruin  "  an( 
farce  "  Jenny  Lind/*  in  which  Marion  Macarthy  appeared  as  "  J< 
Leatherlungs.     Oct.  4,  "London  Assurance,"  had  this  cast: 

Sir  Harcourt  Courtley  (first 

appearance  this  season)  J.  S.  Browne 
Dazue  (first  appearance  this 

season) Chas.  Walcot 

Charles  Courtley     .    .    E.  A.  Sothern 

Meddle Wm.  R.  Blake 

Max  Harkaway  ...      J.  G.  Burnett 

James  .... 
Solomon  Isaacs  . 
Lady  Gay  Spanker 
Dolly  Spanker  . 
Cool  .... 
Grace  Harkaway 

.     .  B.  I 

Mr.  Wh 

Laura  I 

Chas.  I 

Milnes  L 
Sara  St 

Benjamin  Brown  died  in  this  city  Sept.  22,  1890,  of  consi 
tion.     He  left  a  widow  and  one  child.      He  was  buried   in 
Actors*  Fund  plot     "  She  Stoops  to  Conquer "  was  revived 
8,  and,  for  the  first  time,  the  burlesque  English  opera  "  Fra 
volo,"  in  which  Effie  Germon  made  her  bow  as  Zerlina.     Jeflfc 
played  Beppo. 

"Our  American  Cousin,"  by  Tom  Taylor,  was  first  prod 
Oct.  18,  1858.  After  the  reading  of  the  comedy  to  the  comp 
and  before  the  characters  were  cast,  Charles  W.  Couldock  was  a 
if  he  would  play  Coyle,  the  lawyer,  or  Abel  Murcott,  his  c 




FIc  declined  to  play  either  of  them.  Sothem  was  cast  for  Lord 
Dundreary,  a  fourth-rate  old  man,  with  only  forty-seven  lines  to 
peak.  He  also  refused  the  part,  but  he  and  Couldock  finally 
^eed  with  Mr.  Burnett,  the  stage  manager,  to  play  on  the  condi- 
ion  that  both  Dundreary  and  Abel  Murcott  should  be  rewritten. 
n  writing  up  Dundreary,  Sothem  threw  into  it  everything  that 
truck  him  as  wildly  absurd.  He  added  ''business  "  and  words,  and 
neezes,  and  hops,  skips  and  jumps,  until  it  became  the  most  attrac- 
ive  part  in  the  piece.  He  may  really  be  said  to  have  invented  the 
lart.  He  cut  out  the  "  cellar  scene,  *'  a  "  drunken  act, "  and  so  re- 
Lrranged  the  play  that  instead  of  seventeen  scenes,  which  it  had 
irhen  it  came  from  the  hands  of  Tom  Taylor,  Sothem  gave  it  in 
tour  acts  of  one  scene  each.  On  the  first  night  no  one  knew  what 
Sothem  was  going  to  do,  and  the  reading  of  Sam's  letter  was  a 
surprise  to  everylxxly,  although  the  part  was  by  no  means  a  pro- 
nounced success.  In  fact,  it  was  two  or  three  weeks  before  the 
people  began  to  understand  what  Sothem  meant.  "  Our  American 
Cousin  "  proved  a  great  favorite  with  the  public.  Without  having 
toy  particular  merit  as  a  literary  work,  it  was  the  most  successful 
comedy  produced  here  in  many  years.  This  was  the  original 

An  Trencfaard  .  .  Joseph  JefiEerson 
Sir  Edward  Trencbard,  Edwin  Varrey 
Lord  Dundreary  .  .  E.  A.  Sothem 
Lieut  Vernon     .     .     .    Milnes  Levick 

Capt.  DeBooU Clinton 

C(^e Burnett 

Abd  Murcott      .     .      C.  W.  Couldock 

Binnej Chas.  Peters 

Boddicombe McDouall 

Rasper Wharton 

John  Whicker  ....  B.  Brown 
Florence  Trenchard  .  Laura  Keene 
Mrs.  Mountchessington     .  Mary  Wells 

Augusta Effie  Germon 

Georgiana  .  .  .  Mrs.  E.  A.  Sothem 
Mary  Meredith   .     .     .      Sara  Stevens 

Sharpe Miss  Flynn 

Skillet Mrs.  Levick 

A  mating  performance  of  "  Our  American  Cousin  "  took  place 
Dec  25.    Laura  Honey  became  a  member  of  the  company  Dec.  27, 
Baking  her  d^but  as  Gertrude  in  "  A  Loan  of  a  Lover. "     Laura 
Honey  was  afterwards  known  as  Laura  Church  Honey  Stevenson. 
She  died  at  Oakland,  Cal.,  Dec.  25,  1884.     Wednesday,  Dec.  29, 
» matinee  performance  was  for  the  benefit  of  the  Mount  Vernon 
Fund.     Feb.  5,  1859,  ^  display  of  fireworks  was  given.     In  com- 
memoration of  Washington's  Birthday,  a  series  of  tableaux  illus- 
tiative  of  the  life  of  the  father  of  his  country  were  given.     They 
showed  Washington  as  a  surveyor,  a  farmer,  a  son,  and  as  a  gen- 
eral.    Charles  Peters'  benefit  took  place  March  12  when  Master 
Fred  W.  Peters  made  his  first  appearance  on  any  stage  as  Master 
Peter  White  in  "Mr.  and  Mrs.  Peter  White."     R.  C.  Carpenter 
was  succeeded  as  prompter  by  F.  S.  Reignolds  Dec.  6,  who  in  turn 
gave  way  Feb.  17  to  L.  J.  Vincent.     April  i  "The  Heir  at  Law" 

134      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D850 

Zekiel  Homespun 
Lady  Duberly 
Caroline  Dormer 
Cicely  Homespun 
Lord  Duberly 
Steadfast    .    .     . 

.    £.  A.  Sothern 

Mrs.  W.  R.  Blake 

Sara  Stevens 

Laura  Keene 

.      W.  R.  Blake 

.    Edwin  Varrey 

Henry  Moreland 
Dick  Dowlas 
Dr.  Pangloss 
James    .     . 
John      •     . 

Wm.  Marden 

Milnes  Levick 

Jos.  Jefferson 

Chas.  Peters 

F.  Evans 

B.  Brown 

''  Our  American  Cousin  "  was  played  for  the  last  time  April  1 5, 

"La  Femme  Forte,"  produced  in  Paris  in  1847,  contained  a 
character  similar  to  that  of  Asa  Trenchard.  On  the  occasion  of 
the  appearance  of  Josh  S.  Silsbee  in  London,  it  occurred  to  Tom 
Taylor  that "  La  Femme  Forte  "  could  be  adapted  to  suit  him.  The 
adaptation  was  made  by  Taylor,  according  to  the  instructions  of 
Mr.  Josh  Silsbee,  and  the  piece  was  paid  for  by  Benjamin  Webster, 
manager  of  the  Adelphi  Theatre,  London,  where  Mr.  Silsbee  was 
then  playing.  Finding  it  impossible  to  produce  it  during  Mr. 
Silsbee* s  stay,  Mr.  Webster  made  it  over,  with  all  rights  to 
Silsbee,  who  shortly  afterwards  returned  to  America  and  died'  in 
California,  Dec.  22,  1855.  On  his  death,  Mrs.  Silsbee  disposed 
of  the  play  to  William  Wheatley  and  John  S.  Clarke.  Tom 
Taylor,  although  already  paid  for  his  work,  had  written  another 
version,  and  disposed  of  it  to  Laura  Keene  for  $1^000,  and,  during 
that  lady's  production  of  it,  it  had  undergone  many  alterations  and 
improvements,  particulars  of  which  had  been  furnished  to  John  S. 
Clarke  by  Mr.  JeflFerson.  On  the  production  of  the  play  in  Phila- 
delphia Clarke  had  paid  Laura  Keene  for  the  use  of  it,  and  therein 
alone  was  he  in  error,  as  the  original  had  become  his  property,  and 
imitations  or  adaptations  of  any  kind  could  have  been  suppressed. 
The  question  occurs,  what  right  had  Tom  Taylor  to  sell  to  Laura 
Keene  the  property  of  another  ?  This  play  proved  to  E.  A.  Sothern 
the  most  successful  of  any  he  ever  acted  in.  He  played  it  about 
one  thousand  times  in  this  country,  and  in  London  and  the  provin- 
cial towns  over  twenty-six  hundred  times.  The  great  charm  in  bis 
acting  lay  in  the  polished  ease  and  finished  style  so  peculiarly  bis 
own.  In  Lord  Dundreary  these  attributes  were  more  conspicuous 
than  in  any  other  of  the  long  list  of  characters  which  he  made 
famous.  E.  A.  Sothern  died  in  London,  Eng.,  Jan.  20,  1881.  In 
August,  1894,  a  memorial  was  erected  over  his  grave  in  Southamp* 
ton  cemetery  by  his  son,  E.  H.  Sothern.  As  nearly  as  possible 
it  is  a  duplicate  of  the  memorial  erected  to  the  memory  of  Ade- 
laide Neilson  in  Kensal  Green  cemetery.  The  inscription  on  the 
memorial  says :  "  Edward  Askew  Sothern  (comedian),  bom  April 
I,  1826;  died  January  20,  1881." 

Sothern  made  his  American  d^but  at  Boston,  Mass.,  in  1852, 
under  the  name  of  Douglas  Stewart.  He  then  came  to  New  York 
and  was  a  member  of  Barnum's  Museum  company.     He  next  aq>» 




peared  at  the  old  Broadway;  afterwards  at  Wal lack's  (Broadway 
and  Broome  Street),  where  Colin  Stuart  was  a  member  of  the  com- 
panv,  and  this  caused  Sothem  to  resume  his  real  name.  From 
Wallack's  he  came  to  this  theatre. 

The  theatre  was  closed  May  i6  for  a  dress  rehearsal  of  "A  Mid- 
summer Night's  Dream,"  which  was  given  May  i8  with  this  cast: 

....     C  W.  Cooldock 

Lyiander £.  A.  Sothem 

Demetrnis Milnes  Levick 

Efcns Wm.  Marden 

Philostnite      ....     Frank  Evans 

HippolyU Mary  Wells 

Hcrmia Sara  Stevens 

Hdeoa Ada  Cb'fton 

Nkk  Bottom  ....      W.  R.  Blake 
QBDce Edwin  Varrey 

Snag B.  Brown 

Flute Chas.  Peters 

Snoot J.  Henry 

Oberon Marion  Macarthy 

Titania Eliza  Couldock 

Puck Laura  Keene 

Peas  Blossom      .    .    .    Miss  J.  Henry 

Moth Mrs.  McDouall 

Cobweb Miss  Tayk>r 

Mustard  Seed      .    .    .     Mrs.  Maixlen 




C  W.  Couldock's  benefit  occurred  June  2,  when  Felix  A.  Vin- 
cent made  his  first  appearance  in  this  city  in  four  years,  acting 
BobUil  in  "My  Precious  Betsy,"  and  Mr.  Ferment  in  "School 
of  Reform."  The  season  closed  June  4  with  a  benefit  to  Laura 
Keene.  The  bill  consisted  of  "All  that  Glitters  is  not  Gold "  and 
''Pttof  the  Petticoats."  A  summer  season  was  commenced  June 
6  vith  Adelaide  and  Josey  Gougenheim  as  the  stars  in  "  Court  and 
Stage."  Adelaide  Gougenheim  played  her  farewell  engagement 
at  Louisville,  Ky. ;  the  following  season  she  left  the  stage  and 
oarried  Mr.  Frisbie,  a  gentleman  from  London.  Josey  continued 
OQ  the  stage. 

The  season  of  1859-60  commenced  Aug.  29  with  Laura  Keene, 
Ada  Clifton,  Marion  Macarthy,  Mary  Wells,  Mrs.  Mark  Smith, 
Annie  Deland,  Miss  C.  Henry,  Florence  Bell,  Miss  Mortimer, 
Ada  James,  Mary  Everett,  Messrs.  Jeffries,  George  Jordan,  Mark 
Smith,  Charles  Wheatleigh,  J.  G.  Burnett,  Felix  A.  Vincent,  H. 
P.  Daily,  Chas.  Peters,  J.  A.  Smith,  Leon  J.  Vincent,  Milnes 
Levick,  Henry,  and  Mortimer,  as  the  company.  "House  and 
Home."  by  Tom  Taylor,  was  acted  with  this  cast: 

Hoiace  Chetwood  .  .  .  Geo.  Jordan 
Gca.  Witherington  .  .  J.  G.  Burnett 
Fred  llortoo H.  F.  Daly 

Lady  Helen Ada  Oifton 

Harriet  Wardour     .     .      Laora  Keene 
Hopwood Florence  Bell 

The  afterpiece  was  "Our  Clerks,  or  Suppose  War  were  De- 
clared." Mark  Smith  first  appeared  Sept.  5  as  Joseph  Ironsides 
in ** Nine  Points  of  the  Law."  First  time  in  America  of  Palgrave 
Simpson's  comedy  of  "World  and  Stage"  was  Sept  12.     It  had 

this  cast: 

136      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D»59 

Fanny  Kelly  . 
Lady  Castlecrag 
Miss  Lipelue  • 
Col.  Gabble  . 
Trimmer  .  . 
Buzzard  .  . 
Harry  Malpas 
Leonard  Ashton 

Laura  Keene 
.  Ada  Clifton 
.  Mary  Wells 
.  J.  A.  Smith 
Florence  Bell 
F.  A.  Vincent 
.  Geo.  Jordan 
.   H.F.Daly 

Dazzey  Browser  .  .  .  Chas.  Peters 
Hon.  Mrs.  Cruickshanks  Annie  Deland 
Norman  Castlecrag  .  .  J.  G.  Burnett 
Hett^  Stubbs  .  .  .  Marion  Macarthy 
Daniel  Dunlap  (first  appear- 
ance in  New  York)  W.  H.  Stephens 
Lady  Fanny  Gabble  Mrs.  Mark  Smidi 
Morcea Chas.  Wheatleigh 

"The  Sea  of  Ice"  was  revived  Sept.  29.  "A  Midsummer 
Night's  Dream"  was  given  Oct.  21,  with  Mark  Smith  as  Bottom. 
For  the  first  time  in  America  "The  Election,"  by  Tom  Taylor, 
was  seen  Oct.  6,  and  with  this  cast : 

Gathercole . 
James     . 

Geo.  Jordan 

.  H.  F.  Daly 

J.  G.  Burnett 

J.  A.  Smith 

M lines  Levick 

F.  Evans 

Honeybun Mark  Smith 

Peckover Chas.  Peters 

Topper Chas.  Wheatleigh 

dm Annie  Deland 

Mrs.  Honeybun  .    .    .     Laura  Keene 

The  farce  "Antony  and  Cleopatra"  was  also  acted.  "The 
Wife's  Secret"  was  produced  for  the  first  time  here  Nov.  9  and 
cast  thus : 

Sir  Walter Geo.  Jordan 

Richard Henry 

James Evans 

Robert Munerett 

Neville Marion  Macarthy 

Maud Mary  Wells 

Lady  Evelyn  .  • 
Lord  Arden  .  . 
Jabez  Sneed  •  . 
Brouillard  .  .  . 
Lieut  Harrington 
Harry     .    •    .    . 


Laura  Keene 

H.  F.  Daly 

G.  Burnett 


M.  Levick 


This  play  was  originally  brought  out  at  the  old  Park  Theatre  by 
Charles  Kean  and  Ellen  Tree. 

Dec.  I  the  burlesque  of  "  Norma "  was  seen  :  Sig^nora  Markini 
Smitherini  as  Norma,  Madame  Felixcia  A.  Vincentio  as  Adelgisa. 
For  Mark  Smith's  benefit,  Dec.  10,  "Still  Waters  Run  Deep," 
with  Mrs.  Plunkett  as  Mrs.  Mildmay;  Charles  Wheatleigh  played 
John  Mildmay,  Mark  Smith  was  the  Potter,  George  Jordan,  Capt. 
Hawksley;  and  the  new  American  comedy  "Distant  Relations" 
was  also  given  with  this  cast: 

John  Arkright  ....  Mark  Smith 
Chas.  Dashwell  .  .  .  .  J.  A.  Smith 
Julian  Fitz  Glitter  .  .  F.  A.  Vincent 
Edwin  ModeviUe      .     .  Milnes  Levick 

Tompkins C.  Peters 

Jemmv        .     .    .     Master  Fred  Wren 

Search L.  J.  Vincent 

Adam Henry 

Mrs.  Modeville  .  .  Marion  Macarthy 
John  Arkright,  Jr.    .    .    Mary  Bullock 

Mrs.  Dashwell     .     .     .   Annie  Deland 

Bridget Josephine  Henry 

Mrs.  Dr.  Rackendsack 

Mrs.  Mark  Smith 
Mrs.  Dobbs    ....     .  Mary  Wells 
Anna  Maria  Dobbs 
Geo.  Arkright 
ToUy      .... 
Paddy  Murphy 

Deacon  Smooth 

Laura  Keene 

.  H.  F.  Daly 

J.  G.  Burnett 

C.  Wheatleigh 

Dan  LecsoQ 




'*  Green  Bushes "  was  plaved  Dec  30,  and  continued  until  Jan. 
9^  i860,  when,  for  the  nrst  time  on  any  stage,  Boucicault's 
''Jeannie  Deans/'  a  dramatization  of  Scott's  "Heart  of  Midlo- 
thian," was  seen.  Dion  Boucicault  had  been  at  the  Winter  Gar- 
den Theatre,  but,  having  some  difficulty,  he  and  bis  wife,  Agnes 
Robertson,  left,  and  joined  Laura  Keene's  forces. 

The  Duke  of  Argyle  Mark  Smith 

DiTid  Deans  (expressly  engaged) 

Chanes  Fisher 
Litrd  of  Dumbiedikes 

.  Dan  Leeson 
.  .  H.  F.  Daly 
Reuben  Butler  .  .  .  Milnes  Levick 
Madge  Wildfire  .  .  Marion  Macarthy 
]eannle  Deans     .    .  Agnes  Robertson 

(e3n>ressly  engaged) 
Geordie  Robertson  . 

Counsel  for  the  Crown 

Chas.  Wheatleigh 
Counsel  for  the  Defence 

Dion  Boucicault 

RatcMe J.  G.  Burnett 

ArchibaM Chas.  Peters 

Meg Mary  Wells 

The  Queen     .    .    .  Mrs.  Mark  Smith 
Effie  Deans     ....    Laura  Keene 

This  is  the  first  cast  in  which  Dion  Boucicault's  name  ever  ap- 
peared in  this  country  without  an  r  in  it.  From  his  first  appear- 
ance in  America,  on  all  programmes,  posters,  advertisements,  and  on 
all  of  his  play  books,  his  name  was  spelled  '' Bourcicault "  So  it 
was  when  '' Jeannie  Deans  "  was  first  announced  (Jan.  7,  i860),  but 
when  the  above  cast  appeared  the  r  was  dropped  from  his  name, 
and  continued  so  till  his  death.  ''Vanity  Fair,  or  Vain  of  their 
Vices"  was  next  done  with  this  cast: 

Vkpaie  Pate  . 
hit.  .  .  . 
Ednr  Lambert 
Old  Lambert  . 
Hector  Pate  . 
Chicken  .  .  . 
Maxine  Latour 

Laura  Keene 

Anies  Robertson 

Dion  Boucicault 

.    J.  G.  Burnett 

.   Felix  Vincent 

Chas.  Peters 
.     Chas.  Fisher 

The  Duke  de  Calatrava 

Chas.  Wheatleigh 

Jerome Dan  Leeson 

Balaclava Annie  Deland 

Mile.  Celeste  ....       Mary  Wells 
Francine Mrs.  Fox 

The  theatre  was  closed  March  28  for  a  dress  rehearsal  of  "  The 
Colleen  Bawn,"  which  was  acted  for  the  first  time  on  any  stage 
March  29  and  ran  until  the  close  of  the  season  on  May  12,  having 
been  performed  thirty-eight  nights.  The  following  card  appeared 
in  the  programme : 

LArmA  Keene  :  Afy  dear  Madamiy  —  Here  is  another  drama  —  my  last  for 
tUi  season.  It  was  written  in  five  days,  and  the  labor  has  rather  overtaxed  me, 
u  this  makes  the  seventh  I  have  written  within  the  space  of  twenty-eight  weeks 
**ooe  five  act  play,  five  three  act  dramas,  and  a  burlesoue.  This  piece  is  called 
"The  Colleen  fiawn,"  and  is  Irish  to  the  backbone.  It  is  the  first  time  I  have 
^n  a  subject  from  my  native  country,  and,  quickly  as  the  work  has  been 
^uted,  I  am  not  the  less  satisfied  with  it.  'T  will  be  found  to  be,  I  think,  the 
g>t  constrocted  of  any  of  my  works.  Whatever  demerits  it  may  have,  it  is  my 
■ippiest  effort  in  that  particular.    The  public  must  determine  the  rest. 

Dion  Boucicault. 


138      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Zitta 


The  Colleen  Bawn  "  had  this  cast : 

Eily  O'Connor  .  .  Agnes  Robertson 
Myles-na-Coppaleen .  Dion  Boucicaolt 
Mrs.  Cregan  (first  appearance  here) 

Mme.  Ponisi 
Dude  Blennerhassett  Josephine  Henry 
Kyrle  Daly  .  .  .  Charles  Fisher 
Danny  Mann  .    .    .    .  C.  Wheatleigh 

Hardress  Cregan 
Corrigan  .  . 
Sheelah  .  • 
Father  Tom  . 
Hyland  Creagh 
Bertie  O'Moore 
Anne  Chute    . 

.  H.  F.  Daly 
J.  G.  Burnett 
.Mary  Wells 
.  Dan  Leeson 
•  M.  Leyick 
.  Mrs.  Henry 
Laura  Keene 

The  season  of  1860-61  opened  Sept.  10,  with  T.  B.  De  Walden's 
drama,  "  The  Monkey  Boy,"  adapted  from  the  "  Le  Petite  Prologue." 
It  had  this  cast : 

Pierre  Renaud  .  .  C.  W.  Couldock 
Jacques  Renaud  .  .  .  Laura  Keene 
Joseph  Rouquet  .  .  .  J.  G.  Burnett 
Hon.  S.  Spooner  .  .  T.  B.  Johnston 
Lucien  Girard     .     .     .     .  H.  F.  Daly 

Picket Charles  Peters 

Taupin Dan  Leeson 

Maurice Milnes  Levick 



Raoul    • 

Le  Noir 



Madame  Mignonette 


Mr.  Bernard 

.    .   Mr.  Barton 

Geo.  W.  Lingard 

Josephine  Henry 

.  Polly  MarshaU 

Mrs.  J.  H.  Allen 

Mrs.  H.  Vining 

Lotty  Hough 

James  G.  Burnett  died  in  Chicago,  111.,  March  19,  1870.  The 
company  for  this  season  consisted  of :  Laura  Keene,  Polly  Marshall, 
Mrs.  J.  H.  Allen,  Mrs.  H.  Vining,  Lotty  Hough,  Josephine  Henry, 
Miss  Oswald,  Miss  Francis,  Miss  Everett,  Miss  Bullock,  Eliza 
Couldock,  Miss  Bleecker,  C.  W.  Couldock,  J.  G.  Burnett,  H.  F.  Daly, 
T.  B.  Johnston,  C.  Peters,  Dan  Leeson,  Milnes  Levick,  Greorge 
Lingard,  Henry,  Wren,  Clinton,  Arthur,  Markham,  Wall,  Gledhill, 
Bernard,  Goodrich,  Barton,  Miss  Melvin,  Miss  Willoughby,  Miss  C. 
Engel,  Miss  Hattie  Engel,  Lizzie  Murphy,  G.  F.  Browne,  B.  G. 
Rogers,  Mr.  de  Little,  and  Mrs.  W.  H.  Leighton.  Laura  Keene 
offered  ^1,000  to  any  American  dramatist  for  the  best  three-act 
comedy,  to  be  entitled  "  Our  American  Cousin  at  Home." 

Oct.  I,  "Aileen  Aroon,  or  the  Lady  of  Glenmire,"  was  acted 
for  the  first  time  here.  It  was  founded  on  **  La  Dame  de  St  Tropez»" 
and  had  this  cast : 

Father  McPaudeen  .  .    .    D.  Leeson 

Bamaby  Blenkinsop  .     .      C.  Peters 

Aileen  Barradan  .    .  .     Laura  Keene 

Kathleen  Barradan  .  Mrs.  J.  H.  Allen 

Mrs.  Blenkinsop      .  .  PoUy  Marshall 

Milly  Ms^nnis  .  .  .  Lotty  Hoq| 
Gorman  Barradan  .  .  .  .  H.  Ds 
Philip  Warner     .     .     .     .     M.  Lcvi< 

Lang  Mulligan Burnett 

Nelly Eliza  Couldock 

On  Oct.  9  B.  A.  Baker  became  prompter.  "  Physic  and  Fancy,  or 
the  Hypochondriac,"  an  adaptation  from  Moli^re's  "  La  Malade  Im- 
aginaire,"  by  Charles  Reade,  was  produced  Nov.  5,  with  this  cast : 

Argan    .     . 





Thos.  Diaforius 

.  J.  G.  Burnett 
.    .  Harry  WaU 

Laura  Keene 
Mrs.  J.  H.  Allen 

Lotty  Hough 
.    .      C.  Peters 

Bercalde,  first  appearance  here 

Geo.  F.  Browne 
Angelique,  first  appearance 

on  the  stage     .    .  Miss  Willoughby 
Dr.  Pargon D. 



Gsy's  "  Beggars'  Opera,"  condensed  into  one  act,  was  also  sung. 
Miss  Melvin  making  her  first  appearance  as  Captain  Macheath. 
^  The  Unprotected  Female  "  was  seen  Nov.  3,  with : 

PoQy  Crisp     ....  Pollr  Marshall  I  Nicodemos  Crisp     .    .    Mr.  Goodrich 
Tim  Temple Harrj  Wall  | 

"  Toodles  a  Father,"  a  farce  by  T.  B.  De  Walden,  was  first  played 
Nov.  12.  The  theatre  was  closed  for  rehearsal,  Nov.  24,  of  "  The 
Seven  Sisters,"  first  acted  Nov.  26.  It  was  founded  upon  the  old 
German  play,  **  The  Seven  Daughters  of  Satan/'  and  had  this  cast : 


Afthw  Stumer    .    .     .    .   H.  F.  Daly  1  Catchem     .    .    . 
Snail Mr.  Barton  |  Mary  Springleaf  . 


Mr.  Wren 
Mrs.  Allen 

Ploto Dan  Leeson 

Astaroth T.  B.  Johnston 

Dcnonos Milnes  Levick 

Coffee J.  G.  BnmeU 

Mra.  Plato Mr.  C.  Peten 

Diavoliae Laura  Keene 

Plntilla PoUy  Marshall 

Farcinella  ....      Elisa  Couldock 
Spirit  of  Arthur's  Sister    Miss  Francis 

Tartarina Lot^r  Hough 

Sulphurina  ....     Mrs.  H.  Vining 

Daring  the  spectacle  a  burlesque  drama,  entitled  *'  The  Murderous 

Mother/'  was  acted.     George  F.  Browne  represented  the  remorseless 

tyrant     Mrs.  G.  F.  Browne  (formerly  Louisa  Pray,  sister  of  Mrs. 

Barney  Williams  and  Mrs.  Wm.  J.  Florence)  danced.    This  pro- 

doctioD  was  so  successful  that  it  served  to  fill  Laura  Keene's  Theatre 

ior  one  hundred  and  seventy-seven  nights.    The  transformation 

scene,  painted  by  James  Roberts,  from  the  Theatre  Royal,  Covent 

Garden.  London,  was  "The  Birth  of  the  Butterfly  in  the  Bower 

o(  Ferns."     It  was  one  of  the  most  beautiful  pictures  ever  attempted 

OD  the  American  stage.    Ben  G.  Rogers  was  engaged  Jan.  21,  1861, 

and  a  Yankee  part  was  introduced  for  him,  call^  Doubtful  Towrail. 

Feb.  1 1  Mr.  Miles,  the  author  (of  Baltimore),  introduced  a  second 

act  of  national  tableaux,  entitled  "  Uncle  Sam's  Magic  Lantern," 

and  btroduced  the  following  new  characters : 


Maine    ..     . 

B.  G.  Rogers 

.    .    G.  F.  Browne 

T.  B.  Johnston 

.    .    Lotty  Hough 

Mrs.  G.  F.  Browne 

South  Carolina     .    .    .  PoUy  Marshall 

Ohio Miss  WiUon^hby 

Virginia Hattie  Eneel 

Columbia    ....   Mrs.  J.  H.  Allen 
Liberty Mrs.  H.  Vining 

Feb.  27  was  the  one  hundredth  night  of  "The  Seven  Sisters;" 
a  display  of  fireworks  was  seen  in  front  of  the  theatre.  April  22 
Laura  Keene  made  further  alterations  in  the  second  act.  Mrs. 
W.  H.  Leighton  acted  Laura  Keene's  rdle  of  Diavolinc,  while  that 
bdy  went  to  the  country.  April  29  the  receipts  were  devoted  to  the 
relief  of  the  families  of  the  New  York  Volunteers.    J.  G.  Bumatt  took 

I40      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       DWa 

his  benefit  May  4 ;  Mrs.  J.  H.  Allen,  May  6 ;  T.  B.  Johnston,  May  1 1 ; 
Thos.  Baker,  May  15;  Charles  Peters,  May  18;  and  Lotty  Hough, 
May  20.  This  was  the  last  appearance  on  the  stage  of  T.  B.  John- 
ston, an  actor  of  great  talent.     He  died  May  27. 

July  8  Mrs.  J.  H.  Allen  retired  from  the  company  and  Mrs.  W.  H. 
Leigh  ton  "  doubled  "  Columbia  with  Diavoline.  After  a  run  of  eight 
months  and  fourteen  days  (consecutively),  "The  Seven  Sisters" 
was  played  for  the  last  time  Aug.  10,  1861.  When  the  season 
closed  George  Lingard  retired  from  the  theatre  and  went  to  his 
brother's  New  Bowery  theatre,  where  he  commenced  July  15, 186 1, 
and  remained  until  the  theatre  was  burned  down.  His  last  appear- 
ance on  the  stage  was  at  the  Arch  Street  Theatre,  Philadelphia,  in 
Oct.,  1876,  acting  in  "  Davy  Crockett"  He  died  in  this  city  Oct  28, 

The  season  of  1861-62  commenced  Sept.  23.  In  the  company 
were  Mrs.  J.  H.  Allen,  Mrs.  Owen  Marlowe,  Lotty  Hough,  Mrs.  F.  8. 
Chanfrau,  Laura  Keene,  Sara  Stevens,  lone  Burke,  Francis  Dillon, 
Robertson,  J.  G.  Burnett,  Milnes  Levick,  H.  F-  Daly,  Owen  Marlowe, 
J.  H.  Stoddart,  C.  Burnett,  C.  Peters,  Richardson,  and  Bilby.  The 
opening  play  was  **  The  Seven  Sons,"  and  had  this  cast : 

Diavoline Laura  Keene 

Colombia  ....    Mrs.  }.  H.  Allen 

Satanella Sara  Stevens 

Tartarus ^^^I  Hough 

Asmodeus  .     .    •  Mrs.  F.  S.  Chanfrau 

Diavolus lone  Burke 

Molasses Miss  Francis 

Sulphurus  .    .     .  Mrs.  Owen  Marlowe 
Mephistopheles    .     .     Miss  Robertson 

Pluto J.  G.  Burnett 

Caesar Milnes  Levick 

Jake  Butt H.  F.  Daly 

Fred  Flutter    .    .    .      Owen  Marlowe 
Mrs.  Pluto C.  Peters 

It  proved  to  be  a  spectacular  burlesque  and  had  a  run  of  nearly  one 
hundred  nights.  Nov.  18  it  was  altered  and  rewritten.  Dec.  24 
"  Little  Tom,  or  a  Christmas  Carol,"  written  expressly  for  this  theatre 
by  Mercer  Morris,  was  produced.  ''  Robinson  Crusoe  "  was  acted  the 
same  night.  These  plays  continued  until  Jan.  9,  1862,  when  "Our 
American  Cousin  "  was  revived,  and  the  cast  was :  Asa  Trenchard 
(first  appearance  in  that  character),  John  T.  Raymond,  Sir  Edward, 
Owen  Marlowe  ;  Lord  Dundreary,  Milnes  Levick.  This  play  held 
the  boards  until  Feb.  22,  when  Laura  Keene's  adaptation,  entitled 
'*  The  Macarthy  or  Peep  o'  Day,"  was  given  with  this  cast : 

The  Macarthy 
Nelly  Brady     . 
Mary  Kelly 
Father  Peter    . 
Peery  Riordon 
Darby  Kelly     . 
The  Babby .     . 
Capt.  Macneary 

.  .  D.  W.  WaUer 
Mrs.  D.  W.  Waller 
.  .  Laura  Keene 
.  .  J.  G.  Burnett 
....  DiUon 
.  .  J.  H.  Stoddart 
J.  T.  Raymond 
Owen  Marlowe 

Terrence  McGown 
Aleck  Purcell  .  . 
Capt.  Howard  .  . 
Larry  Macdade  . 
John  Gaul  .  .  . 
Helen  Macneary  . 
Patsey  Moore  .     . 

C.  Peters 
.  H.  F.  Daly 
Milnes  LevicK 
.  lone  Burke 
Miss  Marks 
Mrs.  J.  H.  Allen 
.     .  lone  Burke 

Mrs.  Mulrooney  .  Mrs.  Owen  Marlowe 

This  was  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Waller's  first  appearance  at  this  theatre. 
Laura  Keene  was  taken  ill  March  17,  and  Sara  Stevens  acted  Mary 


Kelly»  in  ''The  Macartby."  March  24  Mrs.  Allen  was  taken  ill» 
when  Mrs.  Marlowe  played  Helen  and  Mrs.  Dillon  ''doubled" 
Widow  Mulrooney  and  Mrs.  Molloy.  This  play  ran  until  April 
30,  when  the  house  closed  until  May  5,  when  "Reason  and  Folly/' 
adapted  from  the  French  for  this  house,  had  its  first  production. 
In  it  Laura  Keene  played  nine  different  characters,  and  Mrs.  Waller 
enacted  seven  different  rdles.  May  26,  "  Half  a  Dollar "  and  the 
burlesaue  of  "  The  Elves,  or  the  Fairy  Bride  "  was  seen.  May  29, 
John  Nickinson  appeared  (for  the  first  time  in  ten  years)  as 
Haversack,  in  "llie  Old  Guard."  Isabella  Nickinson  played 
Melanie.  "  The  Post  Boy  "  was  played  June  2,  with  Nickinson  as 
Spurrit.  Tom  Baker  had  a  benefit  June  4,  when  SeBorita  Isabel 
Cubas  and  Don  Ximenes  appear^  for  the  first  time  at  this 

A  summer  season  began  June  9  with  the  first  production,  under 
the  direction  of  Maggie  Mitchell,  in  New  York,  of  "  Fanchon," 
adapted  from  the  German  of  Charlotte  Birch-Pfeiffer  by  A.  Wildeur. 
It  had  this  cast : 

FanckoQ     ....    Mageie  Mitchell 
Father  Barbeaod .     .     .  J.  H.  Stoddart 

Undjy J.  W.  Collier 

Didier A.  H.  Davenport 

Pwre C.  T.  Parsloc 

CofiD Bilby 

July  7  "  The  Young  Prince,  or  the  Frolics  of  a  King's  Son,"  was 
presented  with  this  cast : 

Father  Caliard  ....  T.  J.  Hind 
Old  Fadet  ....  Mrs.  T.  J.  Hind 
Mother  Barbeaud,  Mrs.  H.  P.  Grattan 
Madelon  .  .  .  Mrs.  J.  H.  Stoddart 
Marietta      .     .  Adele  Plunkett  Grattan 

Prince  Frederick  .  .  Maegie  Mitchell 
Queen  of  Prussia  .  .  Mrs.  Grattan 
Dorothea    .     .     .   Mrs.  J.  H.  Stoddart 

fmg  Frederick  .  .  .  J.  H.  Stoddart 
Count  Renderoff  ....  T.  J.  Hind 
Cipcain  Rosenberg  .  .  J.  W.  Collier 
Cirl  AkieshoU      .     .  A.  H.  Davenport 

"  Katty  O'Sheal "  was  played  the  same  night,  when  Miss  Nelson 
made  her  first  appearance,  acting  Florence  O'Connor.  July  11 
"Hargot,  the  Poultry  Dealer,"  was  seen. 

Mirgot Maegie  Mitchell  I  Burgomaster    .     .     .     .  J.  H.  Stoddart 

Cowit  de  Newburg  .  A.  HT  Davenport  |  Herman J.  W.  Collier 

"The  Little  Treasure"  and  "The  Pet  of  the  Petticoats "  was 
Jccn  July  13  ;  Julv  18,  for  the  benefit  of  Miss  Mitchell,  "  Fanchon  " 
ns  ^yed,  and  the  season  closed  July  19. 

For  the  season  of  1862-^3  the  company  was  thus  composed:  Mr. 
and  Mrs.  Wra.  R.  Blake,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  T.  J.  Hind,  Charles  Wheat- 
feigh,  Chas.  Walcot,  Jr.,  John  T.  Raymond,  Walter  Lennox,  Stuart 
Rohson,  Mrs.  Sedley  Brown,  Laura  and  Clara  Leigh,  Ada  Clifton, 
Ittbclla  Nickinson,  Emma  Taylor,  Mary  Everett,  C.  Peters,  Bilby, 
B.  A.  Baker,  Richardson,  Lotty  Hough,  Mrs.  F.  S.  Chanfrau,  Mr. 
^  Mrs.  Owen   Marlowe,  Laura  Keene,  and  lone  Burke.    The 

142      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D863 

season  commenced  Sept.  22,  1862,  with  "  Old  Heads  and  Young 
Hearts."  Chas.  Wheatleigh  played  Tom  Coke ;  W.  R.  Blake,  Jessie 
Rural;  Charles  VValcot,  Jr.,  Lyttleton  Coke;  Laura  Keene,  Lady 
Alice;  Stuart  Robson  (first  appearance  in  New  York)  as  Bob. 
Sept.  24,  John  T.  Raymond  was  seen  as  Tony  Lumpkin,  and  W.  R, 
Blake  as  Hardcastle,  in  "  She  Stoops  to  Conquer."  Oct.  20,  "  No 
Rest  for  the  Wicked,"  bad  its  first  performance  in  New  York  with 
this  cast : 

Pomaire  . 
Castelle  . 

.    W.  R.  Blake 

Chaa.  Walcot,  Jr. 

Stuart  Robson 

J.  H.  Stoddart 

Owen  Marlowe 

Madame  Bidant 

Mrs.  Robertson  (Brougham^ 
Madame  Clarie  Genet    .     Laura  Leign 

Montar Walter  Lennox 

Antoine Charles  Peters 

Mme.  Fernand     .    .     .    Laura  Keene 

Nov.  12,  "  Rachel  the  Reaper/'  was  acted  at  this  theatre,  Charles 
Wheatleigh  resuming  his  original  character  of  Corporal  Patrick. 
Laura  Keene  as  Rachel,  and  the  remaining  characters  were  distrib- 
uted as  follows:  Mr.  Hathorne,  J.  H.  Stoddart;  Robert  Hathome, 
H.  F.  Daly;  Paddy,  John  T.  Raymond;  Dick  Hickman,  Milnes 
Levick ;  Dame  Hathome,  Mrs.  Robertson ;  and  Rose  May  field,  lone 
Burke.  Nov.  17,  18,  19,  "No  Rest  for  the  Wicked  "  was  repeated; 
Nov.  20  and  21  "Masks  and  Faces"  was  presented;  Nov.  22  and 
24  the  house  was  closed  for  rehearsal,  and  Nov.  25  an  extravaganza 
entitled  "  Blondette,  or  the  Naughty  Prince  and  the  Pretty  Peasant " 
was  seen  with  this  cast : 

Lubin      .     .     . 

John  T.  Raymond 

CainbiUe      .     .    . 

.    .      Walter  Lennox 

Trufio     .     .     .     . 

.     .      Stuart  Robson 

King  Merlin     .     . 

J.  H.  Stoddart 

Prince  Merlin  .     . 

.     .     .  Emma  Taylor 

Uria  .     . 
Rosette  . 

.  Mrs.  Sedley  Brown 

.  Isabella  Nickinson 

.  Mrs.  J.  H.  Stoddart 

.  .     .     .  lone  Burke 

.  .    Mrs.  Robertson 

Jan.  4,  1863,  Mrs.  John  Wood  appeared  here  as  Victoire  in 
"The  Invincibles,"  and  Jenny  Leatherlungs  in  "Jenny  Lind  at 
Last ;  '*  Jan.  1 1,  in  "  The  Pride  of  the  Market "  and  "  Betsy  Baker ;  " 
Jan.  26,  in  "  The  Pet  of  the  Petticoats  "  and  "  Mr.  and  Mrs.  White." 
Jan.  30  Mrs.  Wood  took  a  benefit  in  "  The  Pride  of  the  Market " 
and  "  A  Loan  of  a  Lover."  During  the  week  commencing  Feb. 
2,  "  The  Invincibles  "  and  "  A  Loan  of  a  Lover "  formed  the  bill, 
and  Feb.  9,  the  Planch^  extravaganza  "The  Fair  One  with  the 
Golden  Locks "  was  produced,  with  Mrs.  Wood  in  the  three  parts 
of  Lucidora,  Pitchin,  and  the  Original  Jacobs.  Chas.  Walcot  played 
King  Lachrymoso,  and  Galiform  was  acted  by  the  giant  Col. 
Goshen.  Mrs.  John  Wood  closed  March  14,  and  March  16  Laura 
Keene  returned,  and  commenced  a  series  of  farewell  appearances, 
prior  to  her  withdrawal  from  the  management  of  this  house.  The 
engagements  of  John  T.  Raymond  and  Walter  Lennox  had  been 
abruptly  terminated. 




An  original  drama,  written  expressly  for  Laura  Keene,  entitled 
"  Jessy  McLane  "  was  produced  March  23  with  this  cast : 

John  McLane  .  .  Chas.  Wheatleigh 
Arthur  Marsden  .  .  Chas.  Walcot  Jr. 
Mrs.  Gimp .     .     .     Isabella  Nickinson 

Maricer Charles  Peters 

Martin Milnes  Levick 

April  6  ''Bantry  Baylor  Ireland  in  1798 "was  presented  cast 

Doctor  .  .  . 
Jessy  McLane . 
PoUy  Wright  . 
Betsy  Brown    . 

J.  H.  Stoddart 

Laura  Keene 

Mrs.  Robertson 

.     .  lone  Burke 

Billy  Bluff W.  R.  Blake 

Bryce  Farley   .     .     .  Chas.  Wheatleigh 

Maurice Milnes  Levick 

Nellie  O'Donohue     •     .    Laura  Keene 

Pennie  Dorgan     .     Isabella  Nickinson 

Phadrig Chas.  Peters 

Judith Mrs.  Rouse 

Mr.  Hammond      .     .     .     .  H.  F.  Daly 

This  was  a  new  version  of  the  play  known  as  •'  St.  Mary's  Eve." 

W.  R.  Blake  took  his  farewell  benefit  April   16,  and  made  his  last 

appearance  on  the  New  York  stage  as  Sir  Anthony  Absolute  in 

•^The  Rivals,"  and  Geoffry  Dale  in   "The  Last  Man."    April  29 

"  Our  American  Cousin  "  and  "  Our  Gal "  were  seen  for  the  benefit 

of  Milnes  Levick.    The  theatre  was  closed  April  28  and  29.    From 

April  30  until  May  2  "  Our  American  Cousin  "  was  acted,  and  May 

4  a  new  burles<^ue,  entitled  *'  Tib,  or  Our  Cat  in  Crinoline,"  was 

produced  with  this  cast : 

Tib Laura  Keene 

Frederick H.  F.  Daly 

Cbristian     ....       Stuart  Robson 

Hm Chas.  Peters 

D«kc Chas.  Walcot 

Fritx J.  H.  Stoddart 

Molkees Wm.  Ronse 

Alice Laura  Leigh 

7.n'„?**'''"^l      •    •    •       lone  Burke 
J  enny  ) 

Titania  ....     Isabella  Nickinson 

Oberon Miss  Tyrrell 

May  8  marked  the  close  of  the  season  and  of  Laura  Keene's  man- 
agement. "  Second  Love  "  and  "  Nature  and  Art "  formed  the  bill 
of  the  night.  For  her  benefit  May  9  Matilda  Heron  appeared  for 
the  first  time  in  ''  Phaedra  "  (first  time  in  English),  with  this  cast : 

Hippolytus J.  H.  Allen 

Obereve Mrs.  T.  J.  Hind 


•Matilda  Heron 

.     .  T.  E.  Mills 

Mrs.  Clara  Leigh 

The  third  and  fourth  acts  of  "  The  Merchant  of  Venice  "  followed, 
vith  Daniel  £.  Bandmann  as  Shylock,  George  Becks  as  Gratiano, 
Owen  Marlowe  as  Bassanio,  T.  E.  Mills  as  Antonio,  and  Matilda 
Heron  as  Portia  (first  time).  Isabel  Cubas,  the  Spanish  danseuse, 
was  seen,  and  '*  The  Spectre  Bridegroom  "  was  the  afterpiece. 

Laura  Keene  seemed  to  have  lost  her  hold  upon  the  New  York 
poblic.  The  war  excitement  had  unsettled  theatrical  matters  as  well 
u  every  other  branch  of  business.  But  from  the  first  there  had 
been  no  settled  line  of  policy  at  Laura  Keene's ;  all  sorts  of  plays 
had  been  given,  and  the  random  playgoer  never  knew  just  what  to 

144      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       C 

expect.  Shakespearean  comedy,  domestic  drama,  comic  opera^  s 
burlesque  were  jumbled  together  as  if  the  hand  that  controlled 
affairs  of  the  house  had  been  swayed  by  a  capricious  fancy.  As 
Laura  Keene  herself,  she  would  undoubtedly  have  been  a  be) 
artist  if  she  had  confined  herself  to  a  more  limited  field.  The  rec 
of  the  theatre  during  Laura  Keene's  management  is  remarkal 
Many  players  who  have  since  won  lasting  fame  wherever  the  Engl 
spoken  drama  has  supporters  played  under  her  management,  amc 
whom  were:  Charles  Couldock,  Harry  Perry,  Thos.  B.  Johnst 
James  S.  Browne,  Chas.  Walcot,  Joseph  Jefferson,  Edward 
Sothern,  John  T.  Raymond,  Milnes  Levick,  Stuart  Robson,  Fn 
C.  Bangs,  EfHe  Germon,  lone  Burke,  Ben  G.  Rogers,  Walter  Lenn 
Charlotte  Thompson,  Eliza  Couldock,  and  Rose  Ey tinge.  Duri 
her  managerial  career  Miss  Keene  determined  to  introduce  1 
English  style  of  running  pieces  for  weeks,  and  possibly  months 
a  custom  then  unknown  to  the  American  stage.  The  idea  \ 
derided  by  other  managers.  She,  however,  was  successful,  and  t 
completeness  of  detail  as  regards  scenic  mounting  and  costumi 
as  well  as  acting  seen  at  this  theatre  was  due  solely  to  her  persi 
ent  efforts.  She  died  at  Montclair,  N.  J.,  Nov.  4,  1873,  aged  for 
three  years.  Her  last  appearance  was  at  Tidioute,  Pa.,  July  4,  18 
while  with  her  own  travelling  company,  as  Mrs.  Chillington  a 
Jane  Chatterley,  in  " The  Morning  Call"  and  " The  Stage  Stru 

It  is  a  part  of  our  national  history  that  Laura  Keene  was  acti 
Florence  Trendhard  in  "Our  American  Cousin,"  at  the  Natioi 
Theatre,  Washington,  D.  C,  the  night  Abraham  Lincoln  was  ass: 
sinated  in  one  of  the  stage  boxes  of  that  house,  April  14,  i8< 
Laura  Keene  came  to  America  in  1852,  and  opened  at  Wallacl 
Theatre,  Broadway  and  Broome  Street.  Some  time  in  January,  18; 
she  left  the  theatre,  and  went  with  John  Lutz  to  California.  S01 
months  afterwards  intelligence  reached  her  of  her  husband's  dea 
and  she  gave  Mr.  Lutz  her  hand  in  marriage.  She  was  unqu* 
tionably  the  most  refined  and  finished  of  the  English-speaki 
actresses  of  her  time.  In  appearance  she  bore  a  strong  rese 
blance  to  Sarah  Bernhardt,  possessing  the  same  elegance  and  gra< 
th^  same  nose,  so  touched  with  character,  and  the  same  wealth 
hair,  crowded  in  golden  sheaves  around  her  head.  She  had,  t( 
strange  to  say,  many  of  Mile.  Bernhardt's  peculiarities,  especia 
the  flutter  of  the  eyelids,  which  is  peculiarly  French.  Without  beii 
a  person  of  high  mental  power,  she  was  one  of  very  agreeal 
presence  and  of  g^eat  buoyancy  and  elasticity  of  temperament 
such  a  person  as  you  would  call  a  woman  of  cleverness,  rather  that 
woman  of  genius.  When  Laura  Keene  played  Camille,  the  lightne 
of  her  movements  and  grace  of  her  appearance,  made  us  admire  t 
sinful  Camille.    At  the  time  of  her  demise  she  was  so  terribly  em 


dated  that  her  most  intimate  friends  would  not  have  recognized  her. 
Being  painfully  aware  of  that  fact,  she  made  a  particular  request,  just 
before  her  death,  that  her  funeral  should  be  strictly  private,  and  that 
no  notice  of  her  demise  should  be  g^ven  to  the  newspapers  until  just 
before  her  funeral,  so  that  her  theatrical  friends  might  not  know  of  her 
death  until  she  had  been  buried.  On  the  morning  of  Nov.  7,  about 
atkc  hour  of  nine,  a  hearse  and  one  carriage  drove  up  to  the  little  cot* 
tage  on  the  outskirts  of  the  town  of  Montclair,  whence  her  spirit  had 
winged  its  flight.  The  undertaker  and  his  assistants  bore  the  coffin 
to  the  hearse.  Laura  Keene's  two  daughters,  accompanied  by  two 
friends,  entered  the  carriage,  and  followed  the  remains  to  the  little 
Catholic  church.  After  the  coffin  had  been  deposited  in  front  of 
the  altar,  and  the  few  mourners  had  seated  themselves,  Father  Joslin 
said  a  requiem  mass,  after  which  the  remains  were  buried. 

No  braver,  steadier,  abler  soldier  ever  battled  in  the  ranks  of  art 
than  Laura  Keene ;  no  captain  ever  planned  better  or  labored  more 
perseveringly  or  with  more  success.  Her  inflexible  energy  and  per- 
severance had  few  equals  in  any  walk  of  life.  It  is  a  fact,  not 
heretofore  published,  that  she  declined  a  public  testimonial  headed 
by  General  Sherman,  purely  from  a  self-sacrificing  sensibility. 

The  following  tribute  to  this  lady  I  published  in  TM^  New  York 
Clipptr  November  loth,  1873 : 

**  Obituary.  —  In  the  death  of  Laora  Keene  there  is  a  befitting  occasion  for  a 

tribute  of  mournful  respect.  It  is,  indeed,  difficult  to  realize  the  solemn  fact  that 

this  ladj  is  now  so  early  numbered  among  the  silent  dead.     She,  who  in  life  was 

10  cheerful,  and  whose  benign  influence  shed  such  a  kindly  radiance  round  the 

KKial  circle,  winning  all  hearts  bv  her  genial  qualities,  alas !  now  *  sleeps  the 

ileep  that  knows  no  waking.'      Well  may  the  monarch  of  the  tomb  deter  his 

impartial  work  for  a  season,  and  recline  beneath  the  laurels  he  has  won,  for  he 

has  robbed  the  stage  of  one  of  its  brightest  and  most  valued  jewels,  the  profes- 

uoo  of  one  of  its  most  sparkling  gems.     Hers  was  no  ordinaiV  character.     She 

was  gifted  with  a  nature  exauisitely  rare  and  gende  of  unusual  delicacy  and  cul- 

QTation,  to  which  were  added  the  graces  o?  a  meek  and  quiet  spirit     She 

piniessed  a  character  of  mind  peculiar  from  the  many,  in  that  it  was  always  stern 

ud  indexible  for  the  right,  unwavering  and  jealous  of  the  prospects  of  the  suc- 

ceu  of  whatever  she  might  be  engaged  in.     It  is  only  those  who  knew  her  well 

aad  intimately  that  could  estimate  and  properly  appreciate  her.     The  world 

(Stoerallv  supposes  that  goodness  is  more  frequently  extolled  and  appreciated  in 

tbe  deaa  than  in  the  living.     In  one  sense  this  is  true,  because  we  do  not  fully 

ad  plainhr  see  the  many  noble  and  generous  traits  in  the  character  and  lives  of 

our  friend  until  they  are  taken  from  us.     Laura  Keene  was  a  woman  of  fine 

penon  and  superior  conversational  powers.     Her  intercourse  was  full  of  dignity, 

uid  remarkable  for  its  constant  display  of  intelligence,  good  sense,  and  judgment. 

She  was  animated,  witty,  and  agreeable.  She  well  understood  matters  ot  business, 

ad  upon  questions  ot  conduct,  the  line  of  rectitude,  and  the  adaptation  of  the 

bat  means  to  the  highest  ends,  she  was  expert.     Indeed,  her  solid  qualities  and 

bowledge  of  the  perfect  workings  of  the  stage  equaled  those  of  any  other  living 

pvofessionaL     Her  wisdom  was  not  greater  than   her  energv  and  tenacity  ^ 

?vpoie  She  was  so  strict  in  business,  so  decided  and  so  canaid  with  every  one, 

te  ibe  could  never  be  misunderstood.    The  charms  of  mind  and  her  firmness 

VOL.  II.  — 10 

146      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D863 

of  purpose  were  crowned  by  a  love  of  justice,  aud  made  acceptable  by  that 
nobleness  and  disinterestedness  which  ran  throughout  all  her  actions.  As  an 
actress,  Laura  Keene  was  possessed  of  great  talent.  Her  voice  was  remarkably 
plaintive,  yet  capable  of  sdl  the  firmness  and  exertion  which  the  intrepidity  of 
fortitude  or  the  impulse  of  sudden  rage  demands.  Her  eye  was  remarkably 
efiEective,  her  brow  capable  of  disdain,  or  of  dilating  with  the  emotions  of 
sympathy  or  pity.  So  entirely  was  she  mistress  of  her  art,  so  collected,  and  so 
aetermined  in  her  gestures,  tone,  and  manner,  that  she  seldom  erred.  When  she 
first  appeared  in  this  city,  she  soon  was  acknowledged  as  one  of  the  most  finished 
actresses  that  ever  trod  the  boards.  She  was  great  in  all  her  parts,  and  in  her 
readings,  perfect.  Her  natural  talents  were  enhanced  by  diligent  study.  She 
not  only  comprehended,  but  she  knew  all  the  parts  she  undertook.  She  knew 
the  old  comedies  and  standard  plays  so  thoroughly  as  to  be  enabled  to  prompt 
any  one  on  the  stage  who  needed  momentary  assistance.  Her  comedy  was 
richly  imbued  with  the  essence  which  constitutes  the  principal  charm  of  this 
delightful  department  of  the  drama.  It  would  be  difficult  to  select  any  one  or 
two  parts  as  oeing  superior  to  others  in  the  long  range  of  characters  she  assumed; 
many,  before  considered  unimportant,  she  elevated  into  respectability  by  the 
mere  force  of  her  acting.  Her  conceptions  required  not  the  fostering  hand  of 
study ;  they  were  not  as  the  flower  that  erows  in  the  dull  earth,  and  matures  by 
parts;  they,  indeed,  owned  a  richer  soil,  and,  while  you  looked,  the  peerless 
flower  was  up,  consummate  in  the  birth.  Her  style  was  different  from  that  of 
other  actresses  —  it  was  marked  by  a  noble  simplicity,  of  that  chaste  and  quiet 
character  which,  although  critically  correct,  was  neither  cold  nor  artificial,  dis- 
daining for  the  sake  of  mere  efiFect  to  sacrifice  sense  and  outrage  propriety.  Her 
personations  were  rich,  buoyant,  and  racy  —  never  overstepping  the  modesty  of 
nature,  yet  strongly  drawn  —  and  marked  as  being  entirely  separate  and  char- 
acteristic portraits,  and  with  an  entire  absence  of  mannerism." 


MRS  JANE  ENGLISH,  the  mother  of  Lucille  and  Helen 
Western,  next  rented  this  house  for  a  summer  season,  which 
began  May  11,  1863;  and  among  her  attractions  were  the  St. 
Dennis  troupe,  Alex.  Zanfretta,  Mile.  Rosita,  Signors  Agouste, 
Caron,  Alexander,  and  Montevari,  and  Miles.  Hortense,  Donetti, 
Louise  and  Josephine,  the  child  Angelo,  August  Muller,  violinist, 
and  Mile.  Zoe,  and  subsequently  the  Milner  operatic  company. 

A  dramatic  company,  with  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Chapman,  was  added  to 
the  attraction  May  25,  by  Mrs.  English.  John  Du£f,  the  well-known 
restaurateur,  then  became  the  lessee,  and,  after  spending  considera- 
ble money  in  decorating  the  interior,  as  well  as  in  many  improve- 
ments behind  the  curtain,  the  theatre  was  reopened  Oct.  8,  1863, 
under  the  management  of  Mrs.  John  Wood. 


MRS.  WOOD'S  first  company  at  her  Olympic  Theatre  was  com- 
posed of  the  following  persons :  Wm.  Davidge,  Sr.,  George 
Jamison,  J.  H.  Stoddart,  H.  B.  Phillips,  George  Becks,  Thomas 
Owens,  Frank  Rea,  G.  H.  Clarke,  Charles  Wyndham,  C.  T.  Parsloe, 



iirley,  Gledbill,  Evans»  Jones,  Williams,  Shidds,  Dale,  Wells, 
Taylor,  Bruciani,  and  Charles  Walcot;  Mrs.  John  Wood, 
Hey  Brown,  Mrs.  Wilkinson,  Mrs.  Walcot,  Mrs.  Frank  Rea, 
lunkett  Grattan,  Adele  Plunkett  Grattan,  Elsie  Folsom, 
Carman,  Jennie  Walters,  Morton,  Elinore,  Gilmer,  Evans, 
i.  Henrie,  M.  Henrie,  Prestige,  Augustin,  Harris,  and  Jack- 
(hn  H.  Selwyn  was  stage  manager  and  Thomas  Baker  must* 

sason  opened  Oct.  8,  1863,  with  **  Married  Daughters"  and 
rs  and  Sisters. "  This  was  the  first  performance  of  **  Married 
'  and  it  was  cast  as  follows : 


.    .    .   Geo.  Jamison 

.     Wm.  Davidge,  Sr. 

Moer     ....  Geo.  Becks 

11 G.H.Clarke 

.  .  .  .  C.  T.  Parsloe  Jr. 
jr  .  .  .  .  Mrs.  Wilkinson 
(  .    .    .     .     Jennie  Walters 

Mrs.  Spooner 
Anna .  .  . 
Sophia  .  . 
Jane  .  .  . 
Mary  ... 
Mrs.  Dander 


Miss  V.  P.  Grattan 

A.  P.  Grattan 

.    Miss  Morton 

Mrs.  Frank  Rea 

.   Mrs.  WUmot 

ohn  Wood  acted  Rosanthe,  in  the  burletta  of ''  Brothers  and 

IS  Wyndham,  when  he  first  came  to  this  country,  entered 
n  army.  After  a  brief  military  service,  he  came  North,  and 
iged  at  this  theatre,  but  was  discharged  Biter  the  first  week 
npetency.  He  then  returned  to  the  army,  and  remained 
>5,  when  he  went  back  to  England  and  reappeared  on  the 
fie  was  present  at  the  battles  of  ChancellorsvUle,  Fredericks- 
ttysburg,  and  all  through  the  Red  River  campaign,  under 
Banks.  He  reappeared  in  America,  at  Wallack's  Theatre, 
I  was  for  one  season,  after  which  be  organized,  and  travelled 
;er  with,  one  of  the  first  dramatic  combinations  on  the  road, 
ted  of  John  Parselle,  J.  H.  Fitzpatrick,  Belvil  Ryan,  George 
and  wife  (Sydney  Cowell),  Florence  Cowell,  Margaret  Young, 
t  Goodall. 

9,  1863.  •'Pocahontas"  was  revived,  and  the  farce  "My 
* "  was  acted  for  the  first  time  in  America,  cast  as  follows : 

nrater  .     .   Mrs.  John  Sloan 
leer  (first  appearance  here) 

Mrs.  Sedlev  Brown 

G.  H.  Clarke 

d      ....    Thos.  Owens 

Geo.  Jamison 

Philips         .     . 
Enoch  Malable 
Dolly.     .     .     . 
Mrs.  Banter 
Miss  Banter 


Mr.  Evans 
H.  Stoddart 

rs.  FraiUc  Rea 
Miss  Harris 


,  "  Miles  O'Reilly,"  a  local  absurdity,  by  Chas.  Walcot,  Jr., 
d  for  the  first  time.  On  Nov.  9  Byron's  burlesque,  **  The 
Am  All  There/'  was  acted  for  the  first  time  in  America. 
St  thus : 

148      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D864 

Henri  Lagadere    . 
Duke  Gonzagues  • 
Duke  de  Nevers  . 
Elderly  Gypsy  Party 

Mrs.  John  Wood 

.  G.  H.  Clarke 

N.  C.  Lapaugh 

.     .  Frank  Rea 

Miss  Harris  I 

Regent Jennie  Walters 

iCsop C  T.  Parsloe  Jr. 

Blanche  ....  Mrs.  Sedley  Brown 

Pepita Mrs.  Frank  Rea 

Princess Wm.  Davidge 

On  the  same  night  Geo.  Jamison's  one  act  comedietta,  **  There 
Is  No  Such  Word  As  Fail/'  was  acted.  Geo.  Jamison  played  the 
Irishman,  Arthur  Fitzheron.  After  a  long  absence,  Lotty  Hough 
appeared  Nov.  30,  as  Mehi table  Ann  in  "The  Yankee  Legacy." 
Dec.  7,  1863,  "  As  You  Sow,  So  You  Reap"  was  acted  for  the  first 
appearance  of  John  Dyott.  Dec.  28  "Camilla's  Husband"  was 
played  for  the  first  time  in  America,  and  the  cast  was  as  follows : 

Sir  Philip  Hailstone  .  .  Geo.  Jamison 
Captain  Shrimpton  .  .  G.  H.  Clarke 
Maurice  Warner  (his  first 

appearance)  .  .  .  J.  K.  Mortimer 
Lady  Camilla  Hailstone,  Mrs.  John  Wood 
Miss  Placida  Poyntz .    .   Mrs.  Howard 

Lady  Roseville 
Major  Lumley  . 
Hyacinth  Jonquil 
Dogbrier      .    . 
Sloeberry     .     . 
Red  Judy     .    . 

.    Jennie  de  Lac^ 

•  N.  C.  Lapaueh 
.  .  .Geo.  Becks 
Wm.  Davidge,  Sr. 
.    Jennie  Walters 

•  .     Miss  Harris 

Chas.  Mathew's  farce,  "A  Bull  in  a  China  Shop,"  was  given  for 
the  first  time  in  America  Jan.  1 1,  1864,  and  with  this  cast : 

Mr.  Bagshot  .  .  .  J.  K.  Mortimer 
Bellamy  Brownsjohn  .  J.  H.  Stoddart 
Emily  Tipthorpe  .  .  Mrs.  John  Sloan 
Lucy  Tipthorpe  .  .  Jennie  de  Lacey 
AraSella  Fitzkensington      Miss  Harris 

Mr.  Tipthorpe  .     .    Wm.  Davidge,  Sr. 

Mr.  Flitter Geonje  Becks 

Mr.  Piper T.  Owens 

Susan Jennie  Walters 

Mrs.  John  Wood  appeared  the  same  evening  as  Cousin  Cherry  in 
the  farce  of  that  name.  Jan.  18  Frank  Drew  made  his  reappearance 
in  this  city  in  Byron's  burlesque,  "  Mazeppa,"  acting  the  title 
rdle,  while  Mrs.  John  Wood  played  Olinska.  Feb.  8  Byron's 
burlesque  "  111  Treated  II  Trovatore  "  was  seen  for  the  first  time  in 
America,  with  this  cast : 

Manrico  .  .  . 
Azucena .  .  . 
Count  di  Luna . 
Ferrando     .     . 

.  Mrs.  John  Wood 
.  .  Frank  Drew 
Wm.  Davidge,  Sr. 
.     N.  C.  Lapaugh 

The  Kinchin     .     .      C.  T.  Parsloe,  Jr. 

Ruiz Mr.  Walton^ 

Leonora  ....  Mrs.  Sedley  Brown- 
Inez    Miss 

Henrietta  Irving  made  her  first  appearance  on  this  occasion,  acting; 
the  Duchess  De  Chartres  in  "The  Follies  of  a  Night;  "  Feb.  15 
the  farce  "  A  Curious  Case  "  and  "  The  Pride  of  the  Market "  were 
acted.  Feb.  24,  for  the  benefit  of  the  U.  S.  Sanitary  commission, 
"  The  Pride  of  the  Market "  and  "  111  Treated  II  Trovatore "  were 

"  Taming  a  Butterfly  "  was  acted  for  the  first  time  on  any  stage 
Feb.  25.  It  was  an  adaptation  from  the  French,  by  Aug.  Daly  and 
Frank  Wood.    It  was  cast  as  follows : 




Moriac    . 
Ponrciorc  • 
Jtctntlie  . 

.  •  Frank  Drew 
.  J.  K.  Mortimer 
.  .  G.  H.  Oarke 
J.  H.  Stoddart 
Wm.  Davklge,  Sr. 
.  Mrs.  JohnWood 

Finette  . 
EkxUe  . 

.  Henrietta  Inring 

Mn.  Sedley  Brown 

Jennie  Walters 

Amelia  Harris 

.    Fanny  Prestige 

"  Leap  Year,"*  was  given  March  21.    ''  Our  N^ife"  was  produced 
April  II.    J.  Maddison  Morton  was  the  author.    The  cast  was : 

Rostae  (first  appearance 

in  New  York)    .    Mrs.  E.  C  Winter 
Mariette      .    .    .  Mrs.  Sedley  Brown 

G>ant  de  Brissac  .  .  J.  K.  Mortimer 
Marquis  de  Ligny  •  .  G.  H.  Oarke 
Pomaret J.  H.  Stoddart 

Mrs.  Winter  was  the  wife  of  William  >^nter,  the  dramatic  editor 
of  Tfu  New  York  TrUmm.  ''  Loyalina,  or  Brigadier  General  For- 
tanio  and  His  Seven  Gifted  Servants/'  dramatized  bv  A.  Oakey 
Hall,  was  seen  for  the  first  time  here  April  1 1  and  had  this  cast : 

Ix-A)derman  Gotham    Thomas  Owens 
LojalinaandFortimio  Mrs. JohnWood 
Emperor  Shoddy    .    Wm.  Davidge,  Sr. 
Princess  Violante  (first  appear- 
ance here)     .     .  Mrs.  6.  F.  Browne 

Pertina Mrs.  Grener 

Fltrtina Jennie  Walters 

Fairy Mrs.  Sedley  Brown 

Cof  Alwayryie     .    .    .     Frank  Drew 

Princess  Vindicta  •    .    .    Miss  Harris 

Florida Mn.  Yonng 

Ughtfoot      ...      C  T.  Pardee,  Jr. 

Strongback Mr.  Neel 

Boisterer      .    .    .      Haroki  Fonburg 

Goormaad Mr.  Boys 

Sharpshooter    ....  Mr.  Edwards 
Fineear Mr.  HiU 

April  33,  1864,  being  the  three  hundredth  anniversary  of  the  birth 
of  Sbakespeare,  the  occasion  was  duly  celebrated  at  all  the  theatres. 
The  foundation  stone  of  the  Central  Park  statue  in  honor  of  Shake- 
speare was  laid  by  James  H.  Hackett,  appropriate  addresses  being 
delivered  by  Judge  Charles  P.  Daly,  Mavor  Gunther,  William 
Wheatley,  and  others.  Mrs.  S^Iey  Brown  s  benefit  (this  lady  is 
BOW  known  as  Mrs.  Sol  Smith)  took  place  May  1 1.  May  23  "  Paul's 
Return,"  Watts  Phillips'  play,  was  given  for  the  first  time  in  America 
with  this  cast : 

hal  Goklsworthy .  .  Charles  Barron 
Rkhtfd  Goldsworthy  George  Jamison 
Beitrice  Goldsworthy  Henrietta  Irving 
Bbacbe  Wilton  .  Mrs.  Sedley  Brown 
Mit.  Clampit  .  .  .  Isabella  Preston 
Mit.  Geomy  Goldsworthy 

Miss  Walters 

Geofiey T.  Owens 

Abel  Honeydew    .     .     .  J.  H.  Stoddart 
Howard  Flmtskin  ....   Mr  Berry 

Herbert G.  H.  Oarke 

Beeswing Mr.  Bmciani 

Zenobia Mrs.  Vining 

"Aladdin "  was  revived  June  6,  and  ran  until  the  season  closed 
Jttly  2.  Mrs.  John  Wood  plaved  the  title  role ;  William  Davidge 
ns  the  magician ;  J.  H.  Stoddart,  the  Widow ;  and  Miss  Walters, 
the  Princess.  Annetta  Galetti,  danseuse,  and  Mons.  Tophoff  were 
^ed  to  the  spectacle  June  13. 


150     A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       DW4 

A  summer  season  commenced  July  4,  with  the  following  English 
opera  company:  Mme.  Comte-Borchard,  Louisa  Myers,  Mrs.  M.  E. 
Burroughs,  S.  C.  Campbell,  Walter  Birch,  J.  W.  Neil,  William  Castle, 
Warren  White,  and  J.  Clark.  Antony  ReiflF  was  the  conductor. 
"  Maritana"  was  the  opening  opera,  followed  by  "  Fra  Diavolo,"  "  The 
Bohemian  Girl,"  and  July  27  •*  Rose  of  Castile,"  for  the  first  time 
given  in  its  entirety,  the  following  being  the  original  cast  in  this 
country : 

Elvira     .    .     .  Mme.  Comte-Borchard 
Don  Florio  (his  first  appear- 
ance in  opera)   .     .     .     W.  H.  Leak 
Donna  Cormon     .     •     .  Louisa  Myers 
Beatrice  .     •    .  Mrs.  M.  £.  Burroughs 

Manuel Wm.  Castle 

Don  Pedro  .  .  .  .  S.  C.  Campbell 
Don  Fallust  ....  Walter  Birch 
Pablo J.  Clark 

The  season  terminated  July  30,  1864. 

The  season  1864-  5  commenced  Sept.  5,  with  the  following  com- 
pany :  J.  K.  Mortimer,  J.  H.  Stoddart,  W.  Holston,  Edward  Lamb, 
C.  T.  Parsloe,  Jr.,  T.  B.  Berry,  A.  Odell,  Wm.  Davidge,  B.  T.  Ring- 
gold, C.  H.  Rockwell,  Thomas  J.  Hind,  Peck,  Mrs.  G.  H.  Gilbert, 
Mrs.  John  Wood,  Eliza  Newton,  Henrietta  Irving,  Amelia  Harris, 
Louisa  Myers,  E.  Couran,  Corilla  Young,  and  Gilmer.  Craven's 
drama,  "  Miriam's  Crime,"  was  the  opening  play,  cast  thus : 

Bernard B.  T.  Ringgold 

Biles  (first  appearance 

in  America)  ....     W.  Holston 
Miriam Henrietta  Irving 

Mrs.  Raby Amelia  Harris 

Huffin T.  J.  Hind 

Scumley }.  H.  Stoddart 

"  A  Comical  Countess"  was  the  afterpiece,  with  this  cast : 

Chevalier  de  Vilbrac      J.  K.  Mortimer  |  Countess  UEspalier  .  Mrs.  John  Wood 
Baron  De  Bergonce  .    .  J.  H.  Stoddart  | 

Sept.  12, "  Jenny  Lind  at  Last,"  followed  Sept.  19  with  "  Finesse," 
a  comedy  written  by  the  Countess  of  Giffard,  better  known  as  Lady 
Dufferin,  granddaughter  of  Richard  Brinsley  Sheridan.  The  cast 
was : 

Baroness  (her  first  appearance 

in  New  York)  .  Mrs.  G.  H.  Gilbert 
Laura  Brandon  .  .  Miss  £.  Couran 
Captain  Mortimer  •  .  T.  B.  Berry 
Baron J.  H.  Stoddart 

Dr.  Bertrant    .     .     .     .    J.  H.  Selwyn 
John  Poppleton     .     .     .      £dw.  Lamb 

Jules B.  T.  Ringgold 

St.  Clair T.  J.  Hind 

FilUppi C.  H.  Rockwell 

'^  Martin  Chuzzlewit, "  a  dramatization  by  Stephen  Fiske  from 
Dickens'  novel,  was  given  for  the  first  time  in  America  Sept.  26. 
The  cast  was  as  follows : 




Humphrey  Bond 

.    .    Mr.  Peck 

.    C.  P.  Ashley 

J.  K.  Mortimer 

Mrs.  John  Wood 

M  Mirtin  Chnsslewit 

Wm.  Davidge,  Sr. 
fcmng  Martin  Chnzzlewit 

B.  T.  Rinfifsold 
omMM  Choszlewit  . 
kathooy  Chnsslewit 
pcorge  Chnsslewit 
iontague  Tigg     • 
faster  Bailey  .    . 

irs.  Ned  Chnsslewit  Mrs.'  R.  Adams 
mircy  Gamp  .  .  Mrs.  G.  H.  Gilbert 
obB  Westlock  .  .  C.  H.  RockweU 
kanstns  Mobble  .  .  }.  H.  Selwyn 
■lecksniff     ....      J.  H.  Stoddart 

Oct  31  Eliza  Newton  made  her  first  appearance  in  America,  as 
flelen  in  the  comedietta  of  "  Marguerite's  Colors.''  Nov.  2  the 
»era  "  The  Rose  of  Castile,"  and  •*  Middy  Ashore,"  were  given. 
Hcfv.  8  *'  Time  Works  Wonders  "  was  acted  for  the  first  time  in  this 
iieatre.    The  cast  was : 

Tom  Pinch  . 
Chivy  Slyme 
Mark  Tapley 
Spottletoe    . 
Gandere  .     . 
Jenkins    .    . 
Mary  Graham 
Mercy     .    • 
Charity    .     . 
Ruth  Pinch  . 
Mrs.  Lupin . 
Mrs.  Spottletoe 
Mrs.  Todgers 
Betsy  Prig  . 

.  T.  T.  Hind 

T.  B.  Beny 

E.  LamD 

.  Mr.  Gillett 

.   C.  Nelson 

.      Mr.  Otis 

Miss  E.  Couran 

Henrietta  Irvii^ 

Amelia  Hams 

Miss  Hendricks 

.  Corilla  Young 

.     Miss  EUiott 

Miss  Mowbray 

C.  T.  Parsloe,  Jr. 

Florentine    . 
Bessy  Tulip 
CUcken  .    . 
Miss  Tucker 
0)klthumb  . 

.  Henrietta  Irving 

.    .  Eliza  Newton 

.    .  Louisa  Myers 

Mrs.  G.  H.  Gilbert 

J.  H.  Stoddart 

E.  Lamb 

.     .     .   Mr.  Berry 

Jugby  .... 
Mrs.  Goldthumb  . 
Sir  Gilbert  Norman 
Oarence  Norman . 
Felix  Goldthumb  . 
Professor  Truffles . 

C  T.  Parsloe,  Jr. 

Amelia  Harris 

.  Thomas  G.  Hind 

.    B.  T.  Ringgold 

J.  K.  McNTtlmer 

Wm.  Davic^  Sr. 

*' Court  Cards"  was  acted,  for  the  first  time  here,  Nov.  15,  and 
tlie  cast  was  the  following : 

Dowager  Duchess  of  Altenf els 

Mrs.  G.  H.  Gilbert 
Princess  Amelia  .  .  Henrietta  Irving 
Henninie  von  Waldeck     Eliza  Newton 

Prince  Max  ....  Mr.  Ringeold 
Baron  von  Babbelberg  .  Mr.  Stoddart 
Conrad  von  Rosenthsu    .  Mr.  Mortimer 

"Milky  White,"  a  two-act  drama,  by  H.  T.  Craven,  was  first 
«cted  Nov.  21. 

iDaaiel  White  . 
Dicky  Dags  . 
Aichibald  Good 

Mrs.  Sadrip 
Anne  White 

Mrs.  G.  H.  Gilbert 
.     .  Louisa  Myers 

.     .     .      W.  Holston 

C.  T.  Parsloe,  Jr. 

T.  B.  Berry 

Mrs.  John  Wood  appeared  Nov.  28,  as  the  Marquis  St.  George  in 

the  comedietta,  by  John   Sefton,  entitled   **  St.   George  and   the 

Dragon."     Dec.  12  "The  Streets  of  New  York"  was  revived,  and 

Tin  until  April  i,  1865.     April  3  a  benefit  was  tendered  to  Mrs.  John 

Wood,   when   she  appeared  as    Lady   Gay   Spanker  in  "London 

Assurance."     April  7  "  The  Honeymoon  "  was  acted  for  the  benefit  of 

J.  H.  Selwyn.     Chas.  H.  Morton  made  his  d6but  as  Duke  Aranza. 

The  theatre  was  closed  from  April  1 5  to  April  26,  in  consequence  of 

the  assassination  of  President  Lincoln.     It  reopened  April  26,  with 

Ac  spectacular  extravaganza,  "  The  Sleeping  Beauty  in  the  Wood," 

^th  the  following  cast : 

152      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [lies 

Thomas,  King  of  Noland,  Harry  Pearson 
Princess  Isabelle  .     .  Mrs.  Jonn  Wood 

Larry  0*Log 
Colin  Qump 

?ueen  Serena 
airy  Antidota 

Wm.  Davidge,  Sr. 

C.  T.  Parsloe,  Jr. 
.  .  £.  Lamb 
.  .  £.  Gillett 
Miss  Mowbray 
.  Gorilla  Young 
Miss  Hendricks 

Lady  Abigail 
Gossamer  . 
Rosebud .  . 
Baneful  .  . 
Prince  Perfect 

Loidsa  Myers 

Louisa  Miller 
.  Miss  Lord 

Miss  Bosteed 
Annie  Wood 

Amelia  Harris 

Eliza  Newton 

Lucia  Deane,  a  young  lady  from  Philadelphia,  made  her  fint 
appearance  on  the  stage  May  22,  acting  Kate  O'Brien  in  **  Perfec- 
tion." The  theatre  was  closed  June  20,  and  reopened  June  22,  with  a 
revival  of  ''  Jessie  Brown/'  cast  as  follows : 

Nana  Sahib      .    •    .     .  G.  H.  Morton 
Randal  McGregor  J.  K.  Mortimer 

Geordie  (his  first  appearance) 

G.  W.  Garrison 
Rev.  David  Blount  .  .  }.  H.  Stoddart 
Sweeny H.  Pearson 

Gassidy £.  Lamb 

Achroet T.  B.  Beiry 

Jessie  Brown    ....  Eliza  Newton 
Amy  Gampbell      .    .    .    Luda  Deane 

Alice Louisa  Myen 

Mary Miss  Hendncks 

**  Jessie  Brown  "  ran  until  the  close  of  the  season,  July  8,  and  the 
house  remained  dark  for  the  summer  months. 

Mrs.  John  Wood  commenced  the  third  and  last  season  of  her 
management  Sept.  14, 1865,  with  the  following  company:  J.  K.  Mor- 
timer, J.  H.  Stoddart,  James  Lewis,  G.  W.  Garrison,  Harry  Pearson, 
C.  H.  Morton,  T.  J.  Hind,  C.  H.  Rockwell,  J.  Blake,  E.  Gillett, 
G.  F.  Kenway,  and  Mr.  Peck,  Mrs.  John  Wood,  Mrs.  G.  H.  Gilbert, 
Kate  Newton,  Eliza  Newton,  Louisa  Myers,  Amelia  Harris,  Luda 
Deane,  Emma  Hendricks,  Lee,  Warren,  Sinclair,  Fox,  and  Smith. 
John  H.  Selwyn  was  stage  manager;  Thomas  Baker,  musical 
conductor;  James  Hayes,  scenic  artist.  "The  Captain  of  the 
Watch"  and  the  burlesque  "  Pocahontas/'  was  the  initial  programme, 
with  Mrs.  John  Wood  as  Pocahontas,  Eliza  Newton  as  Captain  John 
Smith,  Harry  Pearson  as  Powhattan,  and  Charles  H.  Morton  as 
Mynheer  Rolff.  James  M.  Lewis  made  his  first  appearance  in  this 
city  Sept.  18,  as  John  Strong,  in  "  Your  Life 's  in  Danger."  "  London 
Assurance*'  was  seen  Sept  25.  Mrs.  John  Wood  acted  Lady  Gay, 
and  James  Lewis,  Dolly  Spanker.  Lucy  Rushton  made  her  Ameri- 
can d^ut  Oct.  2,  in  a  drama  called  *'  Lolah,"  cast  as  follows : 

Capt.  Sternhold 
Rattlin  .  .  . 
Splicer  .  .  . 
Martin  .  .  . 
Peter  Pugnashus 
Miss  Craven 
Locy  .... 
Pok>losko  .  . 
Oraako   .     .     . 

.  C.  Morton 

.     £.  Gillett 

J.  S.  Brown 

.     .  J.  Peck 

.  Jas.  Lewis 

Lucy  Rushton 

Miss  M.  Phelps 

.     .  T.  J.  Hind 

G.  F.  Kenway 

Chiakee  .     .     . 
Lieut.  Osmond 
Mrs.  Somerton 
Adele  Craven  . 
Lord  Ravenscore 
Newell  Bertam 

...      J.  Blake 

G.  F.  Fawcetl 

Mrs.  G.  H.  Gilbert 

.    .  Kate  Newtoo 

.  Cbas.  Mortoa 

.    C.  H.  RockweQ 

Godfrey  Chattenback    G.  W.  Garrisoa 
James A.  Oddl 



It  was  a  very  bad  play,  and  it  was  found  advisable  to  change  the  bill, 
Oct.  9,  to  **  As  You  Like  It/'  when  Miss  Rushton  played  Rosalind, 
vith  C.  Keroble  Mason  as  Jaques.  **  The  Streets  of  New  York '' 
wmm  revived  Oct.  12,  with  J.  H.  Stoddart  as  Adam  Fairweather; 
r.  J.  Hind  as  Gideon;  J.  K.  Mortimer  as  Badger;  G.  W. Garrison, 
^ml ;  C.  H.  Rockwell,  Mark  Livingston ;  Harry  Fterson,  Pu£Ey ; 
Z.  H.  Morton,  Dan ;  James  H.  Budworth  (his  first  appearance  in 
few  York  in  nine  years),  Bob ;  and  Amelia  Harris  as  Mrs.  Puffy. 
Hot.  1 3  **  The  Sleeping  Beauty  "  was  revived,  and  the  cast  was  as 
Mlows:  Thomas,  Chas.  Peters;  Queen  Serena,  Mrs.  G.  H.  Gilbert; 
Baroo,  C.  Morton;  Nurse,  Miss  Sinclair;  Fairy  Baneful,  Amelia 
Harris ;  Princess  Is-a-Belle,  Mrs.  John  Wood ;  Lady  Aurora,  Louisa 
Hyers,  and  Larry  O'Log,  James  Lewis.  Mile.  Augusta  executed 
several  dances. 

The  first  week  in  December  '*  Monte  Cristo  "  was  acted  with  this 


Edmoiid  Dantes  . 
Andrea  Benedetto 
ViDdort .  . 
FcruDd  .  . 
Cadoooae    . 

£.  L.  Davenport 
•  J«  H.  Selw3m 
C.  H.  Rockwell 
.  C.  H.  Morton 
.  .  T.  J.  Hind 
G.  W.  Garrison 
.    .  Jas.  Lewis 

Abb^Faria J.  H.  Stoddart 

Morell Mr.  Scott 

Governor Mr.  Stanley 

Albert Louisa  Myers 

Mercedes Kate  Newton 

Haydee Eliza  Newton 

Gtnlietta  Brenner  and  Elise  Scott  led  the  ballet,  assisted  by  Cardella, 
LeoQ,  and  W.  Conrad.  Jan.  15, 1866,  E.  L.  Davenport  appeared  as  St. 
Marc,  with  J.  B.  Studley  as  Gismondo,  and  Kate  Newton  as  Dianora. 
Mr.  Davenport  played  Sir  Giles  Overreach  in  "  A,  New  Way  to  Pay 
Old  Debts,"  Jan.  25.  ''  London  Assurance  "  was  presented  Jan.  29, 
fsr  the  reappearance  of  Mrs.  John  Wood,  after  an  absence  of  two 
aoQths.     It  had  this  cast : 

Sir  Hanxwrt  . 
Mu  Harkaway 
Cbt.  Cbnrtley . 
Dmie  .  .  . 
Udy  Gay    .     . 

J.  H.  Stoddart 
.  .  .  T.  J.  Hind 
.  G.  W.  Garrison 
.  E.  L.  Davenport 
.  Mrs.  John  Wood 

Grace  Harkaway  .  .  •  ElUa  Newton 
Dolly  Spanker  ....  James  Lewis 
Mark  Meddle  .     .     .     .  C.  H.  Morton 

Cool C.  H.  Rockwell 

Pert Amelia  Harris 

Id  consequence  of  severe  indisposition,  Mr.  Davenport  was  unable 
to  appear  for  several  nights. 

Feb.  $,  **  Who  Killed  Cock  Robin } "  was  acted  for  the  first  time  in 
America,  with  "  Black  Eyed  Susan."  In  the  comedy  E.  L.  Daven- 
port played  Jack  Raggett,  and  Mrs.  John  Wood,  Miss  Satanella 
iinkle;  E.  L.  Davenport  played  William  and  sang  "  A  Yankee  Ship 
tnd  I  Yankee  Crew,"  and  "  Columbia  the  Pride  of  the  Ocean/*  in  the 
dnma.  Louisa  Myers  enacted  Blue  Peter  and  sang  the  ballad 
"Black  E^ed  Susan.*'  Mrs.  John  Wood  played  Dolly  Mayflower, 
^b.  26,  6eo.  Fawcett  Rowe  first  appeared  in  America,  and  played 
Sir  Charles  CoMstream,  in  **  Used  Up,"  and  Clorinda,  in  the  burlesque 


of  "  Cinderella  e  la  Comare/'  Mrs.  John  Wood  acting  Cinde 
March  12  "Doing  for  the  Best,"  by  Lacy,  was  acted  for  the 
time  in  America.  Mr.  Rowe  was  the  Dick  Stubbs;  Lewis, 
Hawkins ;  Mrs.  Gilbert,  Betsy  Stubbs  ;  Alice  Placide,  Jane, 
Louisa  Myers,  Emily. 

Geo.  C.  Davenport  and  Geo.  C.  Boniface  appeared  March  i 
"  The  Married  Rake,"  for  Kate  Newton's  benefit.  "  The  Foundl 
by  C.  H.  Morton,  was  produced  for  his  benefit  March  21.  Mr.  ] 
ton,  of  Wallack's  Theatre,  played  Biles,  in  "  Miriam's  Crime," 
23,  for  Eliza  Newton's  benefit.  March  30,  1866,  G.  W.  Gar 
took  a  benefit,  and  presented,  for  the  first  time  in  New  1 
"  Woodcock's  Little  Game,"  with  Garrison  as  Mr.  Woodcock,  Ai 
Harris,  Mrs.  Carver;  H.  L.  Hinton,  David;  C.  H.  Morton,  i 
phus  Swansdown  ;  Louisa  Myers,  Mrs.  Woodcock,  and  Roch 
Christopher  Larkins.  The  burlesque  '^  Cinderella  "  was  also  g 
April  2,  "  The  Three  Guardsmen,  or  the  Queen,  the  Cardinad 
the  Adventurer,"  was  produced  with  this  cast : 

Anne  of  Austria,  Mme.  Methna  Scheller 
Constance  ....  Mrs.  John  Wood 
Lady  Winter  ....  Kate  Newton 
D'Artagnan  ....  G.  F.  Rowe 
Athos }.  B.  Studley 

Porthos G.  C.  Bo 

Aramis C.  H.  Ro< 

Buckingham     .     .    .     .  C.  H.  AJ 

Fouchet James 

De  Treville ....  Thomas  J. 

''  David  Copperfield,"  dramatized  from  Dickens  by  George  Fa^ 
Rowe,  was  given  May  21  with  this  cast: 

David  Copperfield  .    G.  W.  Garrison 

Betsy  Trotwood    .  Mrs.  G.  H.  Gilbert 

Clara  Pe^otty      .  •    .  Amelia  Harris 

Wilkins  iSicawber  .    .      G.  F.  Rowe 

Steerforth    ....      G.  C.  Bo 
Daniel  Peggotty   .     .     .    J.  B.  Si 

Ham C.  H.  W 

Uriah  Heep     ...      J.  H.  Stc 

May  28  another  dramatization  of  Dickens  by  Rowe,  entitled  ' 
Mutual  Friend,"  was  seen  for  the  first  time  in  America,  and 
this  cast: 

J.  H.  Stoddart 

G.  C.  Boniface 

C.  H.  Rockwell 

G.  W.  Garrison 

Mrs.  G.  H.  G 
.     .     G.  F. 
.     .   G.  S.  B 
•     •  C«  H.  IM 
.     .     .T.J. 

Rokesmith  (his  first  appear- 
ance here)    .     .  J.  W.  Albaugh,  Sr. 
Lavinia  (her  first  appearance) 

Marie  Glover 
Nicodemos  Boffin .    . 
Eugene  Wraybum 
Mortimer  Lightgood  . 
Bradley  Headstone    > 
Rogue  Riderhood .     .     .   J.  B.  Studley 
Charley  Hexham  .     .     .  Louisa  Myers 

The  last  appearance  of  Mrs.  John  Wood  at  this  house,  an< 
closing  night  of  her  management,  was  June  30.  The  occasior 
marked  by  the  presentation  by  A.  Oakey  Hall,  on  the  part  of  1 
admirers,  of  a  splendid  gold  watch.    Mrs.  Wood  was  fairly  embe 

Mrs.  Wilfer .     . 
Silas  Wegg  .     . 
Reginald  Wilfer 
Gaffer  Hexham 
Mr.  Venus   .     . 
George  Sampson 
Bella  Wilfer.     . 
Lizzie  Hexham 
Mrs.  Boffin  .     . 

.     .     E.  < 

Mrs.  John  ' 

.  KateN 

Amelia  I 




in  bouquets,  and  the  whole  occasion  was  one  not  easily  to  be  for- 
gotten and  fitly  closed  this  lady's  roemorable  reign  at  the  Olympic 
Theatre.  Mrs.  John  Wood  was  a  very  pretty  woman,  possessing  a 
fine  figure  and  an  attractive  face.  Her  style  was  excellent  in  every- 
thing she  attempted.  She  read  well,  had  a  melodious  voice,  was 
affecting  in  pathetic  scenes  and  lively  in  those  of  a  cheerful  character, 
was  a  graceful  dancer,  and,  although  her  voice  was  not  very  strong,  it 
was  melodious  and  well  cultivated.  She  possessed  the  artistic  talent 
which  satisfied  every  demand  that  could  be  made  by  the  most  rigid 
stickler  for  a  high  degree  of  merit  in  a  theatrical  artist.  Mrs.  Wwd 
sailed  for  London  June  30,  1866.  Her  first  appearance  in  America 
was  at  the  opening  of  the  Boston  Theatre,  Sept.  1 1, 1854,  as  Gertrude 
in ''  A  Loan  of  a  Lover." 

Leonard  Grover  commenced  a  summer  season  here  July  2  with 
**  Aurora  Floyd,"  which  had  this  cast : 

Kn.  Archibald  Floyd 

Mrs.  Humphrey  Bland 
Mnm  Floyd  ....  £inily  Jordan 
^Archibald  Floyd    .    .    .  A.  W.  Fenno 

John  MeUish     .     .     .  Frank  Lawlor 

Capt.  Bulstrode     .     .  .  G.  H.  Oarke 

Lieut  Walden  .     .     .  C.  H.  Rockwell 

Grimstone    ....  £.  T.  Sinclair 

''The  Octoroon  "  was  acted  July  7  for  the  first  time  at  this  house. 
^The  Ice  Witch,"  by  Buckstone,  was  produced  July  23.  Emma  and 
<Ada  Webb  and  Mark  Smith  were  specially  eng^ed.  "The  Ice 
Pitch's"  cast  was  thus: 

Dame  Margery  Mrs.  Saunders 

el Ada  Webb 
7  UUa Emma  Webb 

^ Miss  Bond 

£dda Miss  Glover 

Finoa Miss  Powers 

Dnida Kate  Newton 

Heda Therese  Wood 

htjT Alice  Harrison 

Norno Georgie  Telbin 

Soiden Miss  Browne 

Tdda MissCarlysle 

Magnus  Snora  ....     Mark  Smith 

Harold G.  H.  Clarke 

GruthioflE J.  M.  Ward 

Tycho E.  T.  Sinclair 

Sweno J.  E.  Whiting 

Stemo Mr.  Burke 

Runic J.  T.  Waud 

Edric Mr.  Peck 

J>?liB°i}      •    •    •    -F^nk  Faster 

Luke Mr.  Henderson 

Thrysa Mr.  Mortimer 

Tbe  summer  season  closed  Sept.  i . 
The  fall  and  winter  season  opened  Sept.  3  with  Leonard  Grover 

II  manager.    The  company  consisted  of  J.  H.  Stoddart,  Charles 

Otters,  W.  Barron,  M.  C.  Daly,  T.  J.  Hind,  E.  T.  Sinclair,  Mrs. 

anoders,  Kate  Newton,  and  others.     ''  Rip  Van  Winkle  "  was  the 

tening  attraction,  with  Joseph  Jefferson  as  Rip  Van  Winkle.     **  Our 

nerican  Cousin  "  was  revived  Oct.  4,  with  Jefferson  as  Asa  Trench- 

1  and  Charles  Vandenhoff  (his  first  appearance  in  America)  as 

d  Dundreary.    "  The  Cricket  on  the  Hearth  "  was  produced  Oct. 

Jefferson  as  Caleb  Plummer,  Vandenhoff  as  John  Perrybingle, 

Blanche  Gray  as  Bertha.    This  was  her  first  appearance  here. 

156      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D 

"  Woodcock's  Little  Game,"  Oct.  22, 23, 24,  and  27,  with  "  The  S 
fire/'  Jefferson  as  Tobias  Shortcut.  Jefferson  terminated  his  enga 
ment  Oct.  27,  and  "  Our  American  Cousin  "  was  revived  Oct. 
Charles  Wheatleigh  played  Asa  Trenchard.  Boucicault's  dnu 
''  The  Long  Strike/'  was  acted  for  the  first  time  in  America  Oct. 
and  with  this  cast : 

Noah  Learovd  .    .  Charles  Wheatleigh 
Johnny  Reiliey  (his  first  appear- 
ance here)     .    .    •    McKee  Rankin 
Gentleman  from  headquarters 

£.  T.  Sinclair 
Sir  John  Fairfield 
Thorrock     .     . 

John  O'Dick  . 
James  Staley  . 
Kichard  Radley 
Mr.  AspinaU 
Mr.  Armitage  . 
Mr.  Brook    .     . 

Mr.  Thomas 
Mr.  Harmon 
Mr.  Strasse 
Mr.  Parshall 
Wm.  Barron 
Mr.  Kenway 
.  T.  J.  Hind 
C.  H.  Burke 

Jem  Starke  . 
Crankshaw  . 
Mr.  Wiglev  . 
Mr.  Spumer 
Slack  .  . 
Capt.  Wolfe 
Jack  O'Bob . 
Tom  O'Bill  . 
Jane  Learoyd 
Maggie  .  . 
Susan  .  . 
Betsy  .     .     . 

C.  H.  Vanden 
.  .  J.  T.  >^ 
.  J.  H.  Stod 
.  .  John  M< 
.  .  Mr.  Prej 
.  .  Alfred  B< 
.  .  Mr.  Gi 
.  .  M.  C.  I 
,  .  Mr.  Pctei 
.  .  Kate  Nef 
Georgie  Te 
Alice  Harr 
.     Therese  VI 

Nov.  22  Robert  Craig's  burlesque,  "  Hamlet,  or  Wearing  of 
Black/'  with  Stuart  Robson  and  Amelia  Harris  as  Hamlet  ; 
Ophelia;  Nov.  29  James  M.  Ward  appeared  in  ''Handy  Anc 
*'  The  Bride  of  Lammermoor  "  was  produced  Dec.  10  under  the  t 
of  **  The  Master  of  Ravenswood/'  with  this  cast: 

Edgar  of  Ravenswood 
Sir  William  Ashton  . 
Capt  Douelas  Ashton 
Hayston  of  Backlaw, 
Captain  Craiggelt .  . 
Lucy  Ashton  (ner  first 
ance  here)  .  .  . 
Caleb  Balderstone 
Lady  Ashton    .     .     . 


>rgt  Jordan 

T.  J.  Hind 

Wm.  Barron 

C.  H.  Vandenhoff 

Stuart  Robson 


.  Rose  £3rtinge 

J.  H.  Stoddart 

Caroline  Carson 

Henry  Ashton  .    .    .      Therese  Vi 
Bide  the  Bent  .    .    .    .  £.  T.  Sin< 

Norman J.  T.  V 

Robert Mr.  Keo 

Ramsay J.  M.  V 

Murray J.  1 

Melville C.  H.  Bi 

Alice Mrs.  Saun 

Mysie Florence 

Trouble  was  anticipated  on  the  appearance  of  Geo.  Jordan,  y 
had,  in  the  earlier  days  of  the  war,  associated  him'^elf  in  New 
leans  with  an  organization  known  as  "  The  Cocktail  Guards/'  wt 
expressed  open  sympathy  with  the  Rebels ;  and  for  this  reason  it 
feared  that  his  reappearance  in  New  York  would  be  attended  ¥ 
disturbance,  and  so  a  force  of  police  was  held  in  attendance ;  but 
good  sense  of  the  people  prevailed,  and  the  services  of  the  authori 
were  not  called  upon.     The  drama  was  handsomely  mounted 
well  acted,  but  it  was  played  to  empty  benches.     Its  failure 
attributed  to  the  fact  of  Jordan  joining  the  Cocktail  Guards, 
returned  to  England,  but  revisited  America  with  Miss  Baten 
He  died  of  apoplexy  in  his  dressing-room  in  London,  Eng.     He 
playing  Pygmalion  in  ''Pygmalion  and  Galatea,"  Nov.  15,  1873. 




The  Cocktail  Guards,  about  whom  so  much  has  been  written,  had 
this  list  of  officers  and  other  members : 




Captain  .  . 
Ut  Lieutenant 
2d  Lieutenant 
1st  Sergeant  . 
ad  Sergeant  . 
itt  Corporal  . 
ad  Corporal  . 

John  E.  Owens Low  Comedy 

George  Jordan Leading  Business 

Mark  Smith First  Old  Men 

£.  Fenelon Utility 

A.  H.  Davenport Juvenile  Business 

T.  B.  MacDonough    ....  Stage  Manager 

M.  W.  LeffingweU      ....  Utifity 

Dr.  G.  Collins Utility 

W.  H.  Lei^hton Utility 

Miss  Francis Danseuse 

Privates.  —  W.  H.  Chippendale  (treasurer),  Oscar  F.  Amv  (scene 

psdnter),  L.  Schoolcraft,  L.  Sharp,  Paul  Brillant  (dancer),  C.  H. 

Morton,  Alfred  Howell,  Frank  Paige,  Thomas  Owens,  W.  H.  Riley, 

W.  A.  Thomas,  Carlo  Patti,  T.  M.  St  Clair,  J.  Biddies,  R.  McGuire,  W, 

E  Douglas,  J.  M.  Brucciani,  Francis  Lance,  Harry  Hawk,  G.  H. 

Wallack,  D.  F.  Grove,  Thos.  M.  Smith,  Fred  Maeder,  T.  Davey,  John 

L  Phillips,  J.    Guerling,  also  very  nearly  all   the  scene  shifters, 

musicians,  and  small  people  in  the  Varieties  Theatre,  New  Orleans,  La. 

During  the  secession  excitement,  New  Orleans  seems  to  have  been 

iofect^  with  the  fever,  and,  in  anticipation  of  a  brush  with  the 

North,  military  companies  were  organized  in  that  city.    January  21, 

1861,  a  meetmg  was  held  on  the  stage  of  John  Owens'  Varieties 

Theatre  to  form  a  military  company  for  the  purpose  of  taking  up 

anns  in  the  cause  of  secession.     Mark  Smith  was  chief  spokesman, 

W.  H.  Chippendale  was  called  to  the  chair,  and  T.  B.  MacDonough 

scted  as  secretary.    After  the  proper  discussion,  they  proceeded  to 

dect  officers,  Mr.  Smith  insisting  on  a  viva  voce  vote,  so  that  there 

should  be  no  skulking.    The  election  resulted  as  stated  above. 

The  theatre  was  closed  for  rehearsal  Dec.  24,  and  at  a  matinee, 
Dec.  25,  "  The  Huguenot  Captain  "  was  first  produced,  with  Charles 
Banon  as  Ren6  de  Pardillon,  Mr.  Stoddart  as  Sergeant  Locust. 
In  the  second  act  Young  America,  the  pupil  of  Gabriel  Ravel,  ap- 
peared as  Punchinello.  £.  de  Mondion  took  a  benefit  Jan.  8,  1867, 
tnd  appeared  as  Hamlet.  A  season  of  English  opera  commenced 
Jan.  14,  with  the  Caroline  Richings  company  as  the  stars.  ''  Martha  " 
vas  given  for  the  first  time  here  in  English,  and  had  this  cast : 

ladf  Henrietta  Caroline  Richings 

Plnkett S.C.Campbell 

Nancy Mrs.  £.  Seguin 

Lionel W.  Castle 

Tristan H.  C.  Peakes 

Sheriff W.  CosteUo 

TTiis  was  followed  by  "Maritana,"  "  Fra  Diavolo,"  "Don  Pas- 
qoale/'  "  La  Somnambula,"  "  The  Daughter  of  the  Regiment,"  "  The 
Rose  of  Castile  *'  and  "  Linda  di  Chamounix."    For  her  benefit. 

158       A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D867 

Feb.  I,  Caroline  Richings  oflFcred  "The  Blind  Man's  Daughter,"  one 
act  of  "  Martha,"  and  the  Druid  scene  from  "  Norma."  Peter  Rich- 
ings appeared  on  this  occasion.    The  season  closed  Feb.  2. 

A  season  of  German  opera  opened  Feb.  4,  with  the  following 
artists :  Mile.  Elvira  Naddi,  Mile.  Marie  Frederici,  Mile.  Johann 
Rotter,  Mile.  Johannsen,  and  Herren  Joseph  Herrmans,  Franz 
Himmer,  Wilhelm  Formes,  Joseph  Chandon,  William  Groschell, 
John  Armand,  Alphonse  Urch,  and  Otto  Lehman.  Their  repertory 
consisted  of  "  William  Tell,"  "  Faust,"  "  The  Magic  Flute,"  "  The 
Marriage  of  Figaro,"  "  Martha,"  "  The  Merry  Wives  of  Windsor," 
'•  Tannhauser,"  "  The  Czar  and  Carpenter,"  **  Dcr  Freischiitz  "  and 
"  Alessandro  Stradella."  Feb.  18  the  dramatic  season  was  resumed, 
with  a  revival  of  "  The  Streets  of  New  York,"  with  John  K.  Morti- 
mer as  Badger.  March  18  the  Caroline  Richings  company  re- 
turned for  six  weeks.  Their  repertory  was  :  **  The  Bohemian  Girl," 
"  La  Somnambula,"  "  The  Daughter  of  the  Regiment,"  "  Martha," 
"  Doctor  of  Alcantara,"  "  Fra  Diavolo,"  •'  The  Rose  of  Castile," 
"  Linda,"  "  Maritana,"  "  The  Crown  Diamonds,"  and  '*  The  Enchant- 
ress." This  last  opera  was  given  twelve  times.  W.  S.  Andrews, 
formerly  of  the  Winter  Garden  Theatre,  took  a  benefit  April  26. 
The  programme  was :  "  Our  American  Cousin "  and  "  Jenny 

For  John  Brougham's  benefit,  Aug.  30,  "  The  Serious  Family  " 
and  '*  Pocahontas,"  were  played.  The  season  closed  Aug.  31,  and 
Leonard  Grover  retired  from  the  management. 

Jas.  E.  Hayes  was  announced  as  the  new  manager,  but  John  A. 
Duff  was  in  reality  the  director.  The  season  opened  Sept.  9,  1867, 
with  Joseph  Jefferson  as  Rip  Van  Winkle.  Geo.  L.  Fox  was  stage 
manager,  and  Clifton  W.  Tayleure  business  manager.  W.  Davidge, 
J.  J.  Wallace,  Harry  Wall,  Owen  Marlowe,  T.  J.  Hind,  G.  L.  Fox, 
Willie  Seymour,  Mrs.  Edmonds,  the  Misses  McCormack,  Alice 
Harrison,  and  Bessie  Foote  were  in  the  opening  play.  For  eight 
weeks  *'  Rip  Van  Winkle "  attracted  crowded  houses. 

"  A  Midsummer  Night's  Dream  "  was  revived  Oct  28,  with  this 

Lysander  (his  first  appearance 

in  New  York)   .     .     .     Fred  Franks 
Hermia  (first  appearance  in 

New  York)   .     .     Mrs.  J.  J.  WaUace 
Peasblossom  (first  appearance  in 

New  York)    ....     Clara  Fisher 
Puck  (first  appearance  in  New  York) 

Master  Willie  Young 
Singing  Fairy  .     .     .      Alice  Harrison 

Theseus Harry  Wall 

Demetrius J.  J.  Wallace 

Egcus T.  J.  Hind 

Philostrate £.  T.  Sinclair 

Hippolyta    .     .     .      Mrs.  C.  Edmonds 
Helena    ....     Louise  Hawthorne 

Oberon Fann^  Stockton 

Titania   ....       Cornelia  Jefiferson 

Bottom G.  L.  Fox 

Quince W.  Davidee,  Sr. 

Snug C.  K.  Fox 

Flute Owen  Marlowe 

Snout Mark  Quinlan 

Starveling    ....      J.  B.  Howland 

18683  MRS.  JOHN  WOOD'S  OLYMPIC  159 

Dec.  15  Rosa  Cooke  played  Oberon.    The  play  ran  until  Feb.  i, 
/868»   having  been  represented    one   hundred  consecutive  times. 
Feb.  3  Maggie  Mitchell  appeared,  supported  by  James  W.  Collier. 
This   house  was   closed   March   9,   for  rehearsal   of   "  Humpty 
Dumpty/'  produced  for  the  first  time  March  10.     It  was  in  seven- 
teen scenes,  and  engaged   sixty  persons.    The  opening  burlesque 
prolc^^e  was  written  by  A.  Oakey  Hall.     In  it  Alice  Harrison  per- 
sonated Burlesque;  Mrs.  C.  Eldmonds,  Romance ;  and  E.  T.  Sinclair, 
New  Jersey.    The  principal  dancers  were  Rita  Sangalli,  Betty  Rigl, 
and  M.  Baptistan,  with  the  Miles.  Schell,  Laurent,  Lillie  Whiting, 
and  Blake  and  M.  Cellini  as  seconds.     M.  Jourbon  was  master  of 
ballet.     In  the  harlequinade,  G.  L.  Fox  was  Clown,  C.  Fox,  Pan- 
taloon, Frank   Lacey,  from   the  London   theatres,  Harlequin,   and 
Emily  Rigl,  Columbine.     Incidental  to  the   pantomime,  Carrie  A. 
Moore,  John  Engle,  and  C.  E.  Lovett  performed  a  skating  act,  and 
several  other  specialties  were  introduced. 

Mile.  Leah,  dancer,  appeared  March    17,  and  March    31  Little 

Viola  Rand,  a  child  dancer,  was  seen.    The  next  addition  was  that 

of  Mr.  Goodrich,  champion  skater.    June  6  the  one  hundredth  per- 

ionnance  took  place,  and   the  season   terminated.     The  summer 

season  was  commenced  June  8,  the  pantomime  still  running,  and 

June  15  it  was  reconstructed.     A  new  ballet  was  introduced.    June 

18  Mr.  Goodrich  broke  his  arm,  and  his  place  was  taken  for  a  time 

ly  Mr.  Swift.     A  new  burlesque  opening  by  A.  Oakey  Hall  was 

substituted  July  6,  and  July  20  Charles  and  Annie  Austin,  Zouave 

drill  performers,  appeared.     M.  Cochon,  a   tenor  singer,  appeared 

AqK-  3»  <^d  Louis  Zanfretta,  a  gymnast  and  pantomimist,  Aug.  31. 

Tlie  summer  season   closed   Sept.   4,  and   the  fall   and   winter 

season  commenced  Sept.  6,  "  Humpty  Dumpty  "  having  reached  its 

one  hundred   and   ninety-eighth   performance.     Lena    Edwin   and 

Irene  Gay  now  joined  the  company.     Oct.  12,  1868,  a  new  ballet 

ooq)s,  including  M.  Costa,  the  Miles.  Pagani,   Letto,   Kurtz,   the 

Sbtcrs  Negra,  Betty  Remmclsberg,  and  others  were  added.    Oct.  26, 

Millie  Sackett  took  the  place  of  Irene  Gay  as  Romance.    The  latter 

lady  was  afterwards  known  as  Mrs.  Fred  Maeder. 

The  following  I  obtained  from  Clifton  W.  Tayleure:  "The  box 
office  received  ^1,406,000,  during   the  run  of  *  Humpty  Dumpty.' 
'The  Black  Crook'  was  running  at  Niblo's  Garden,  and  principal 
dancers  were  not  easily  to  be  found.    A  quarrel  between  Vestvali 
and  Sangalli  enabled  me  to  secure  the  latter.     Betty  and   Emily 
Rigl,  who  had  previously  seceded  from  Niblo's,  were  also  secured. 
Sangalli  received  $180  a  week.     The  two  Rigls  received  jointly  the 
same  amount.    The  entire  ballet  cost,  with  the  extra  music,  cory- 
phees, and  figurantes,  $943  a  week." 

Mr.  Tayleure  retired  from  the  business  management  of  this  house, 
Jan.  4,  1869,  and  was  succeeded  by  Dan  Symons.    A  litigation  now 

l6o      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D^fi 

ensued  as  to  the  introduction  of  a  comic  railroad  effect  into  one 
of  the  scenes  of  "Humpty  Dumpty/'  which  was  objected  to  by 
Augustin  Daly  as  a  violation  of  his  rights,  and  an  injunction  was 
obtained  by  that  gentleman.  The  affair,  however,  was  compromised 
by  a  modification  of  the  scene  and  the  payment  of  a  fee  to  Mr 

The  pantomime  was  finally  withdrawn  May  15,  1869,  having 
been  acted  four  hundred  and  eighty-three  times;  matinees  were 
given  every  Wednesday  and  Saturday.  The  house  was  closed 
May  17,  for  rehearsal  of  "  Hickory  Dickory  Dock,"  which  was 
produced  May  18,  with  this  cast: 

Hickory  Dickory  Dock  and  Clown 

G.  L.  Fox 
Mrs.  Ancientry  Spratt  and  Pan- 
taloon       C.  K.  Fox 

Jack  of  the  Bean  Stalk  and  Harle- 
quin     Frank  Lacej 

Little  Red  Riding  Hood  and  Col- 
umbine   ....   Mile.  A.  Laurent 

The  Kiralfy  troupe  of  Hungarian  dancers  made  their  American 
d6but  May  31.  There  were  in  this  party  Imre»  Bolossy,  Haniola, 
Emelie  and  Katie  Kiralfy,  and  others.  Haniola  was  the  principal, 
Emelie  and  Katie  the  seconds.  Haniola  (afterwards  the  wife  ol 
A.  L.  Parkes)  died  in  this  city  Dec.  26,  1889.  Emelie  married  8 
non-professional  of  this  city  and  retired  from  the  stage.  Katie  is 
the  wife  of  Edmund  Gerson  the  amusement  agent.  **  Hickory 
Dickory  Dock"  was  withdrawn  after  Sept.  4. 

Edmund  Falconer,  the  author  and  actor,  made  his  American  d€bic 
May  29,  in  his  own  drama,  "  A  Noble  Revenge."  "  The  Peep  m 
Day  "  was  acted  June  2,  with  the  author,  Mr.  Falconer,  as  Barnes 
OToole.  Mr.  Falconer  closed  June  4.  John  Brougham  appears 
June  6,  in  "O'Donnell's  Mission,"  with  Thos.  E.  Morris,  Geor@ 
Clarke,  Stuart  Robson,  A.  W.  Fenno,  J.  M.  Boyd,  H.  Bland,  Ham 
Wall,  Kate  Newton,  and  Lillie  Eldridge  in  the  cast  "  Domb^ 
and  Son"  was  done  June  9,  "  David  Coppcrfield  "  and  "  Pocahontas 
June  10,  with  Kate  Reignolds  as  the  heroine.  "  Treasure  Trove,  Oi 
Buried  Gold,"  was  acted  for  the  first  time  on  any  stage  June  2J, 
and  had  this  cast: 

Allen  Pierce    ....  George  Clarke 
Miss  Anne  Matchieson    Lillie  Eldridge 
Vice  President  Board  of  Share- 
holders     Chas.  Foster 

Mrs.  Matchieson  .  .  .  Amelia  Harris 
Hon.  Mrs.  Solicitous  Louisa  Eldridge 
Mrs.  Harpaway   .     .  Mrs.  Mark  Smith 

Larry  Barnes 
Hastings     . 
Mr.  Suydam 
Mr.  Jenkins 
Mr.  Lindell 
Miles  McCarthy 

.  Stuart  Robson 
W.  H.  Whalley 
.    .  Mr.  Fenno 

Belvil  Ryan 
.    .   C.J.Fyfie 

J.  M.  Waid 

Thomas  B.  de  Walden's  "  British  Neutrality  "  was  first  seen  hei« 
July  I,  and  had  this  cast : 




Admiral  Farragat     .    .  Charles  Foster 

Commandant  of  Fortress  Monroe 

C.  J.  Fyffe 

Reaben  Graydon  (his  first  appear- 
ance here)    .      Chas.  R.  Thome,  Jr. 

Vernon  Birkwood  (first  appear- 
ance here)    .    .    .      Owen  Marlowe 

Nance  Crane  (her  first  appearance 
in  New  York)  .     .     .  Mrs.  Williams 

Pat  Donnely 
Jack  Hawser  . 
Pierre  Boncour 
John  Benjamin 
Rose  Graydon 

.  .  J.  M.  Ward 
Harry  S.  Murdoch 
.  .  W.  H.  Bland 
.  .  A.  W.  Fenno 
.    Kate  Newton 

This   play  was  taken  from  T.  P.  Cooke's  prize  drama,  *'  True  to 
the  Core." 

July  8  a  band  of  Arabs,  called  the  Beni  Zoug  Zoug,  appeared  in 
conjunction  with  the  dramatic  company;  July  15  a  Japanese  com- 
pany appeared;  July  22  John  Brougham  was  seen  in  **  Columbus  Re- 
constructed/' assisted  by  Emily  Thome.  "  The  Post  Boy  "  was  also 
played.    **  Dombey  and  Son  "  was  seen  Aug.  19.    The  cast  was : 

Capt  Cattle Broueham 

Susan  Nipper  ....   Emily  Thome 

Carker H.  S.  Murdoch 

Dooibey Chas.  Foster 

Edith      .     .     . 
Joe  Bagstock  > 
Jack  Bunsby  > 

Mrs  Kate  Meek 
W.  E.  Sheridan 

**  Unde  Tom's  Cabin  "  was  produced  Sept.  6,  with  this  cast : 

Topsy     .     . 
Mox  Ophelia 
Beacon  Perry 
Ceo.  Harris 
Skem  .     . 

Mrs.  G.  C.  Howard 

Mrs.  T.  J.  Hind 

Geo.  L.  Fox 

J.  K.  Mortimer 

.  E.  T.  Sinclair 

.  Asa  Cushman 

Eliza Ida  Vemon 

Eva Minnie  Jackson 

Lawyer  Marks  .  .  .  .  C.  K.  Fox 
Simon  Legree  ....  J.  B.  Studley 
St.  Clair Geo.  Becks 

Hinnie  Jackson  was  Mrs.  Asa  Cushman.  This  was  succeeded 
Oct.  4  by  "  The  Streets  of  New  York,"  with  John  K.  Mortimer  and 
Hiza  Newton  as  Badger  and  Alida  Bloodgood ;  J.  B.  Studley  played 
Capt  Fairweather.  Harry  Hotto  made  his  first  appearance  as  Mr. 
Pid^.  This  play  had  a  run  of  five  weeks  and  was  followed,  Nov. 
8, tor  the  first  time  in  America,  by  F.  W.  Robinson's  "Poor  Hu- 
Bttnity,"    The  cast  was: 

Ite?.  Tlieobald  GifiEord   J.  K.  Mortimer 

Honce  Essenden  .     .  H.  Cunningham 

Augusta  Gifford 



IV.  Rivers  . 


Mr.  Bates    . 

to|er  Hodge 

Florence  Noble 

.   J.  B.  Studley 

Geo.  Becks 

}.  M.  Charles 

G.  F.  Ketchum 

.     .  S.  Wright 

Mr.  Bolton  | 

Mrs.  Wiseby  . 
Nella  Carr  .  . 
Laura  GifiEord  . 
Sallie  .  .  .  . 
Mrs.  Carr  .  . 
Mary  .  .  .  . 
Banks'  Widow  . 
Mrs.  Mudgeson 

.  .  W.  Holston 
.  .  Eliza  Newton 
.  .  Lily  Vining 
.  Minnie  Jackson 
Miss  F.  Andrews 
Miss  E.  Germaine 
.  .  Miss  Fenton 
.    Mrs.  E.  Wright 

"  Under  the  Gaslight "  was  presented  Dec.  6,  with  J.  K.  Mortimer 
as  Snorkey,  and  Chas.  T.  Parsloe,  Jr.,  as  Bermudas.     There  were  also 
in  the  cast :  J.  B.  Studley,  M.  C.  Daly,  George  Becks,  Harry  Cunning- 
ham, J.  M.  Charles,  Asa  Cushman,  Ketchum,  Hotto,  Conolly,  Wright, 
Bolton,  Masters  Dan  and  Heame,  Ida  Vernon,  Lily  Vining,  Marie 

VOL.  n.  —  II 

1 62     A     HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Ci^ 

Longmore,  Peach  Blossom   (her  first  appearance  here),  Florence 
Noble,  M.  Andrews,  S.  Germaine,  and  Mrs.  E.  Wright. 

Geo.  L.  Fox  returned  Jan.  3,  1870,  as  Ferguson  Trotter,  in  "  The 
Writing  on  the  Wall."  Harry  C.  Ryner  first  appeared  on  this 
occasion,  acting  Richard  Oliver.  Jan.  17,  G.  L.  Fox  was  seen  as 
Paul  Pry  and  Jacques  Strop,  in  "Robert  Macaire;"  Jan.  31,  as 
Aminadab  Sleek,  in  "  The  Serious  Family,"  and  Tobias  Shortcut,  in 
"The  Spitfire."  T.  C.  de  Leon's  burlesque  of  "Hamlet,"  was  seen 
Feb.  14: 

Hamlet G.  L.  Fox 

Claudius Ben  Maginlev 

Polonius       .     .     .      Lester  Cavendisn 
Horatio   ....    Blanche  Bradshaw 

Laertes Marie  Lon^ore 

Rosencrantz      .     .     .      J.  M.  Charles 
Guildenstem     .     .     .    G.  F.  Ketchum 

Osric Fanny  Queen 

Priest Mr.  Conolly 

Marcellus     . 
Ghost      .     . 
First  Actor  . 
Second  Actor 
Actress    .     . 
Ophelia  .    • 

•  G.  A. 
.  Laura  Qoeen 
Mrs.  £.  Wrigbt 
H.  Cunningfaan 
.  .  S.  Wr^t 
.  Asa  CoshmaB 
Julia  Qaecs 
Mrs.  Bradshav 
.    Belle  Howitt 

This  was  the  first  appearance  at  this  theatre  of  Ben  Maguile|r, 
Lester  Cavendish,  Blanche  Bradshaw,  Fanny,  Laura,  and  Juhi 
Queen,  and  Belle  Howitt.  The  burlesque  held  the  boards  for 
several  weeks,  and  was  followed,  April  18,  by  "  Macbeth/'  a  travesty, 
with  all  of  Locke's  original  music. 

Duncan J.  M.  Charles 

Malcolm Julia  Queen 

Macbeth G.  L.  Fox 

Banquo H.  Cunningham 

Macduff C.  K.  Fox 

Rosse Fanny  Queen 

Monteith Miss  Newton 

Angus Miss  Lawson 

Fleance Master  Topack 

First  Singing  Witch  .     .   Laura  Queen 
Second  Singing  Witch    Mme.  Pozzone 

The  house  closed  May  7,  and  reopened  May  16,  with  "The  Fiir 
One  With  the  Golden  Wig,"  which  had  this  cast: 

Lady  Macbeth 
Seward    .     . 
Seyton     .     . 
Physician     . 
First  Witch 
Second  Witch 
First  Officer 
Second  Officer 
Hecate     .     . 

Marie  Longnore 

Sarah  Gerauinc 

.    .  W.  Eoaice 

.     .  LoluPiiar 

J.  L.Leirii 
G.  F.  Ketchidi 
.  Mrs.  Wr^ 
.    G.  A.  Beue 

Mr.  K^ 
.     HerrStsMk 

Princess>bu  .  H.  T.  Allen 
Prince  Huckaback  .  .  M.  W.  Fiske 
Marquis  Very-so-so  .  .  M.  B.  Snvder 
Count  Prettilittleman  .  Jenny  Gilmer 
Hon.  Sambofromsingsing,  J.  H.  Jones 
Queen  Titum-tiUy-siUy  .  Hattie  O'Neil 
Fairy  Lucidora  .  .  Pauline  Hayden 
Graceful ....   Mrs.  Jas.  A.  Oates 

Leander  . 
Callposh . 
Paynone  . 
Graball  . 
Sugarall  . 


H.  Chattotos 
.  J.  T.  Watei 
W.  R.  H]^ 
H.  H*  Pntt 
Mr.  Rentfd 
.  .  P.  Bciier 
.  IdaD'Si^cr 

In  addition  to  a  ballet,  there  appeared  A.  M.  (''  Tony  ")  HemandA 
Leon  Brothers,  and  Prof.  M.  0*Reardon,  the  tumbleroniconperforaer* 
June  6  G.  W.  Jester,  ventriloquist,  made  his  bow. 




'•  The  Daughter  of  the  Regiment,  or  the  Eight  Hundred  Fathers," 
was  produced  June  13,  with  this  cast: 

Stephen Miss  Germaine 

Valet Miss  Watson 

Little  Corporal .     .     .      Mile.  D'Soyer 
Marchioness  De  Berkenfeldt 

Mrs.  J.  J.  Prior 
Duchess  de  Grandt^te 

Mrs.  W.  R.  Hayden 

Josephine     .     .     .    Mrs.  Jas.  A.  Oates 
Servant  Scalade  ...     H.  T.  Allen 

GuOlot J.  H.  Chatterton 

Pumpemickle   .     •     .    .   M.  W.  Fiske 
Duke  de  Grandt^te    .     .      H.  H.  Pratt 

Bernard W.  R.  Hayden 

Pierre J.  H.  Jones 

Etienne P.  Berger 

Incidental  to  this  was  a  comic  ballet,  in  which  Willie  Edouin  gave 
an  imitation  of  Mile.  Bonfanti,  and  H.  H.  Pratt  of  Sig.  Novissimo, 
while  the  Hernandez  troupe  gave  their  "  Boston  Peace  Jubilee  "  acts. 

"  The  Field  of  the  Cloth  of  Gold  "  was  given  June  20,  with  Alice 
Oates  as  Earl  Damley,  Georgie  Dickson,  (her  first  appearance)  as 
Lady  Constance,  Lulu  Prior  as  Anne  Boleyn,  and  J.  Dunn  (his  first 
appearance)  as  Henry  VIII.    July  2  the  season  terminated. 

The  pantomime,  "Wee  Willie  Winkle,"  was  produced  Oct.  5, 
1870,  and  ran  until  Feb.  6,  1871,  when  Schonberg  and  T.  B.  de 
Walden's  burlesque  "  G.  L.  Richdieu,"  was  produced  for  the  first 
time,  with  G.  L.  Fox  as  G.  L.  Armand  Des  Etats  Unis  (Riche- 
lieu) ;  Ada  Harland  as  Secretary  of  Hymen  (De  Mauprat) ;  Lillie 
Hdridge  as  Secretary  of  Venus  (Julie  de  Mortimer) ;  Jennie 
Yeamans  as  Secretaiy  of  Momus  (Frangois) ;  Edward  Coleman  as 

Secretary  of  Hades  (Baradas). 

Dal/s  new  play,  "Horizon,"  was  produced  March  21,  1871.     It 
had  this  cast: 

Sandown  Rowse 
]olm  Loder  . 
Rocks     .    . 
Mackenzie    . 
Sahentus  Bill 
Wshcotah    . 
Alleyn  Van  Dorp 
Heathen  Chinee 
The  Unattached 

.  .  G.  L.  Fox 
J.  K.  Mortimer 
.  O.  B.  Collins 
J.  L.  de  Bonay 
.  F.  S.  Wilbur 
C.  Wheatleigh 
.  W.  H.  Pope 
.  Hart  Conway 
.  Harry  Pratt 
H.  R.  Teesdale 

Seret.  Crocker .     .    .     .    F.  Chapman 

Meddie Agnes  Ethel 

Bie  Spider Geo.  Sands 

Coke  Ballen ....    Chas.  Warwick 
Wolf  Van  Dorp     .     .     .  J.  B.  Studley 

Uncle  Billy Geo.  Beane 

Judge  Scott  ....      £.  T.  Sinclair 

Guide Geo.  Atkins 

Ceephus John  Pendy 

There  were  also  in  the  cast  Jennie  Yeamans,  Mrs.  Ed.  S.  Tarr,  Mrs. 
/.  J.  Prior,  Mrs.  Annie  Yeamans,  and  Lulu  Prior. 

After  being  in  the  courts  for  many  years,  the  ligitation  as  to  the 

ovnership  of  this  theatre  was  settled  at  this  time.    John  Duff  was 

sued  b^  the  heirs  of  Mr.  Trimble,  for  the  repossession  of  the 

Olympic  Theatre  property,  valued  at  ^400,cxx>.    It  was  argued  by 

the  claimants  that  Mr.  Duff  never  bought  the  property,  but  that  it 

was  placed  in  his  hands  to  pay  certain  claims  due  certain  creditors 

of  Mr.  Trimble,  while  Mr.  Duff  as  firmly  protested  that  the  property 

was  his.     This  led  to  a  litigation,  and,  the  case  being  tried  in  this 

164      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       C18: 

city,  Mr.  Dufif  was  beaten.  He  carried  the  case  to  the  Court  c 
Appeals.  This  court  also  decided  in  favor  of  the  Trimbles.  Thi 
ended  the  case,  and  gave  the  property  to  the  claimants.  By  th 
will  of  Mr.  Trimble,  the  entire  property  went  to  his  four  daughters 

"  Jack  Sheppard  "  was  produced  on  Feb.  15  :  Geo.  L.  Fox  as  Owe 
Wood;  John  K.  Mortimer,  Darrell;  J.  B.  Studley,  Sir  Rowland 
Harry  Pearson,  Blueskin ;  Ada  Harland,  Jack ;  and  Jennie  Yeaman: 
Stimkid.  Lucille  Western  appeared  June  5,  in  "  East  Lynne,"  su| 
ported  by  James  A.  Heme  and  Frank  Mordaunt.  "The  Chil 
Stealer"  was  seen  June  19.  Miss  Western  narrowly  escaped  bein 
one  of  the  great  actresses  of  her  generation,  but  escape  it  she  die 
Her  emotional  powers,  her  occasional  characterizations  were  th 
offspring  of  intuition.  The  public  saw  in  her  a  woman  of  grea 
natural  powers,  lacking  only  great  cultivation;  and  yet  it  i 
possible   that  cultivation   would   have   spoiled   her  altogether. 

Rose  and  Harry  Watkins  appeared  here  June  26  in  "  Kathlee; 
Mavourneen."  A  matinee  performance  was  given  June  29  for  th 
benefit  of  the  widow  and  family  of  Dan  Symons.  The  programm 
was,  **  Delicate  Ground,"  "  Lend  Me  Five  Shillings,"  and  "  Stal 
Secrets."  Among  the  artists  who  appeared  were,  Joseph  Jeffersoi 
Mrs.  James  A.  Oates,  Blanche  de  Bar,  Grace  Rawlinson,  NelL 
Young,  Mrs.  Annie  Yeamans,  Neil  Warner,  Hart  Conway,  H.  I 
Bascomb,  Frank  Mordaunt,  Geo.  L.  Fox,  H.  A.  Weaver,  Sr.,  Geo.  ^ 
Beane,  and  E.  T.  Sinclair. 

"Under  Two  Flags,  or  Trodden  Down,"  by  Harry  Watkins,  ^ms 
given  July  3.  Mrs.  Watkins  took  a  benefit  July  14,  when  "  It  Tak-- 
Two  to  Quarrel "  and  "  The  Pioneer  Patriot "  were  acted.  Johi^ 
Allen  appeared  July  17  in  "  Schneider,  or  Dot  House  Von  dcr  Rhini.^ 
He  continued  until  Aug.  12,  when  the  season  closed. 

"  Humpty  Dumpty  "  was  revived  Aug.  31  and  was  withdrawn  Ju 
II,  1872,  having  been  performed  three  hundred  and  thirty-thmi 
times.  G.  L.  Fox,  on  that  night,  for  his  benefit  and  last  night  c 
the  season,  performed  the  title  rdle  for  the  one  thousand  and  firsi 
time.  The  Marie  Aimee  Opera  Bouffe  company  appeared  here  Oct 
4*  Nov.  1 1  the  Lydia  Thompson  company  commenced,  and  closed 
Dec.  7.  Samuel  Colville  and  Alex.  Henderson  were  now  the  mana- 
gers of  this  house,  but  they  retired  Feb.  8, 1873.  "  Humpty  Dumpty" 
was  revived  Feb.  17,  and  was  withdrawn  June  7,  after  one  hundred 
and  twenty-seven  performances.  This  was  followed  by  the  Coleman 
Sisters,  Clara  and  Louise,  in  a  drama  called  *'  Driven  from  Home." 

The  next  season  commenced  August  31,  with  the  Lydia  Thomp- 
son company  in  "  Mephisto  and  the  Four  Sensations."  John  Duf 
was  the  sole  lessee  and  manager,  George  Tyler,  acting  manager,  J 
J.  McCloskey,  stage  manager.  Sept.  i  M.  Collodion,  French  can 
caturist,  made  his  American  d^but.  He  closed  on  Sept.  6.  "  Sinba< 
the  Sailor"  was  revived  Sept.  8,  and  during  the  performance  Lydi; 



Thompson  and  Henry  Taylor  performed,  for  the  first  time  in  this 
city,  a  musical  duet  and  dance  entitled  "  The  Dancing  Quakers." 
Sept,  22,  the  first  act  of  **  Aladdin,"  preceded  by  "  Sinbad."  "  Madame 
Angot's  Child/'  an  English  version  of  **  La  Fille  de  Madame  Angot," 
for  the  first  time  in  America,  Sept.  29,  by  Mrs.  James  A.  Oates  and 
her  company.  It  was  withdrawn  after  the  performance  of  Oct.  1 1. 
"  The  Grand  Duchess  "  was  presented  Oct.  13.  **  Mons.  Choufleuri," 
preceded  by  "  An  Alarming  Sacrifice,"  was  seen  Oct.  20,  and  ran 
until  Friday,  when  on  that  and  the  following  evening  **  Mons.  Chou- 
flcuri  "  and  the  third  act  of  ''  Mme.  Angot's  Child  "  were  given,  and 
the  Oates  company  closed.  Robert  McWade  commenced  Oct.  27 
in  hb  own  version  of  ''  Rip  Van  Winkle,"  which  ran  until  Nov.  24, 
when  Edwin  Adams  appeared  in  "Enoch  Arden."  Dec.  3  "The 
Marble  Heart "  was  acted  and  ran  until  Dec.  1 1 ,  when  "  Richard  III." 
was  given,  and  repeated  Dec.  13.  "Enoch  Arden"  was  repeated 
Dec.  12  and  at  the  matinee  Dec.  13.  "The  Dead  Heart"  was  pro- 
duced Dec.  15,  and  acted  during  the  week,  save  on  Dec.  19,  when 
"  Dreams  of  Delusion  "  and  "  Wild  Oats  "  were  riven. 

Edwin  Adams  was  the  original  in  America  01  Robert  Landry  in 
"  The  Dead  Heart,"  and  of  Ivan  Khorvitch  in  "  The  Serf."    This 
was  bis  last  engagement  in  this  city.     His  last  appearance  on  the 
stage  as  an  actor  was  at  the  California  Theatre,  San  Francisco,  May 
27,  1876,  when  he  played  lago,  to  the  Othello  of  John  E.  McCuUough. 
His  last  appearance  on  the  stage  was  in  the  California  Theatre,  Feb. 
12,  1877,  at  a  benefit  yielding  him  about  ^2,700.     He  was  unable  to 
act,  but  occupied  a  chair  in  the  centre  of  the  stage.     The  song  of 
**  Auld  Lang  Syne"  was  taken  up  by  little  Alice  Harrison,  the  com- 
pany joining  in  the  chorus,  when,  during  the  singing,  Mrs.  Judah  — 
the  oldest  of  San  Francisco's  actresses,  and  not  then  in  good  health, 
who  was  feebly  standing  with  the  rest  —  was  led  by  Barton  Hill 
towards  Mr.  Adams.     The  actor  arose,  embraced  and  kissed  the  lady, 
and,  in  his  fine,  old,  gallant  way,  offered  her  his  chair.     She  declined 
\       with  a  simple  movement  of  the  hands,  in  motherly  tenderness  pressed 
:       him  to  his  seat  again,  and,  taking  her  place  behind  him,  wept  bitterly 
«       antil  the  curtain  fell.     The  scene  was  deeply  affecting,  and  touched 
:*      the  heart  more  keenly  than  anything  that  has  ever  been  seen  in  the 
fiction  of  the  drama.     After  lingering  for  over  three  weeks  at  Phila- 
^       ddphia,  and  having  for  the  prior  forty-eight  hours  been  unable  to 
^      take  any  nourishment  whatever,  Edwin  Adams  died  Oct.  28,  1877. 
Mr.  Adams  was  bom  in  Medford,  Mass.,  Feb.  3,  1834.     His  first 
appearance  on  the  stage  was  August  29,  1853,  as  Stephen  in  "The 
Hunchback,"  at  the  National  Theatre,  Boston,  Mass. 

"Humpty  Dumpty"  was  revived  Feb.  17,  1873.  and  withdrawn 
June  7.  after  one  hundred  and  twenty-seven  performances.  The 
total  number  of  performances  at  this  theatre  was  nine  hundred  and 
k^y-lhrec.    It  was  revived  at  the  Grand  Opera  House  Nov.  25,  1873, 

1 66      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Daj* 

where  it  was  acted  seventy-nine  times,  and  was  withdrawn  after  Feb. 
7,  1874.  G.  L.  Fox  performed  "  Humpty-Dumpty  "  in  the  Bowery 
one  hundred  and  eighty-five  times,  making  his  total  number  of  per- 
formances of  that  character,  up  to  the  date  last  mentioned,  one  thou- 
sand two  hundred  and  seven.  In  all,  then,  "Humpty  Dumpty" 
was  played  in  New  York  alone,  with  Mr.  Fox,  one  thousand  two 
hundred  and  sixty-eight  times. 

Dec.  22  the  theatre  was  closed,  and  on  Dec.  23  "Gabriel  Grub'* 
was  produced,  preceded  by  "An  Object  of  Interest,"  which  gave 
place  on  Dec.  29  to  ''  Family  Jars."  The  house  was  reopened  as  a 
variety  theatre  Jan.  19,  1874,  with  George  H.  Tyler  as  manager,  who 
continued  until  March  9,  when  he  retired.  The  next  season  com- 
menced Aug.  21,  1874,  under  the  management  of  John  F.  Poole. 
A  specialty  entertainment  was  presented.  Howard  Paul  appeared 
Sept.  20,  and  during  the  season  some  of  the  best  artists  in  the  busi- 
ness were  seen  at  intervals,  including  Sol  Smith  Russell,  Nov.  15,  in 
his  original  characterizations.  Mr.  Poole  retired  from  the  manage- 
ment July  8,  1876. 

William  E.  Sinn  was  the  next  manager.     He  commenced  Aug.  14. 
1876,  with  specialty  performances.    He  surrendered  the  lease  Jan.  i. 

Augustin  Daly  was  the  next  manager.     He  reopened  the 

Jan.  30,  1877,  with  "The  Big  Bonanza."     Harry  S.  Sanderson 

business  manager.     In  the  company  were,  Alice  Grey,  Julia  Brutone  ^ 

Ada  Gilman,  Elsie  Moore,  Miss  Post,  Charles  Leclcrcq,  J.  H.  Ring^^ 

George  Parkes,  Owen  S.  Fawcett,  Maurice  Barrymore,  and  C.  I>  — 

Bainbridge.     "  'Round  the  Clock"  was  given  Feb.  12.     A.  Tomasi'^ 

Juvenile  English  opera  company  appeared  March  5,  in  "The 

and  the  Cobbler."     N.  D.  Roberts*  Pantomime  troupe  were  seen  L 

"  Jack  and  Jill."    Charles  Almonte  was  Pantaloon ;  Chas.  H.  Adam^^ 

Clown ;  Louise  Boshell,  Columbine  and  wire  walker ;  William  Eunice 

Harlequin ;  and  Minnie  French,  Fairy  Queen.     The  Almonte  Bros.* 

Frankie  Howard,  and  the  French  Twin  Sisters  were  among  tlsc 

"specialty"  people. 

The  next  manager  was  Thomas  Canary,  who  opened  the  house 

Oct.  I,  1877,  as  a  variety  theatre.     Gus  Williams  was  associated 

with  the  management.     George  H.  Tyler  was  business  manager. 

Billy  Emerson  assumed  the  management  Jan.  14,  1878.    Gus  Phillips 

was  business  manager.     Billy  Emerson's  California  minstrels  were 

the  attraction.     Gus  Phillips,  well-known  as  "  Oofty  Gooft,"  became 

manager  Jan.  21,  1878.     Emerson's  minstrels  continued  the  attrstc- 

tion  until  Feb.  1 1.     Then  came  a  vaudeville  company,  after  whioh 

Texas  Jack's  company  for  two  weeks  commencing  Feb.  18.     O^ 

March  4,  the  drama,  "  A  Great  Encounter,  or  Heenan  and  Sayers  ^^ 

Famborough,"  was  produced.     John  Dwyer,  champion  of  AmeiicMm 

and  Joe  Goss,  champion  of  England,  appeared  during  the  play  icm  * 


fistic  encounter.  On  March  11  Jenny  Morton,  with  a  company, 
acted  •'  Idlewild/'  supported  by  R.  C.  Gardner.  Charles  Foster's 
play,  ''Saved  at  Seven,"  was  done  March  18,  Imogene  week  of 
March  25,  in  "The  Shepherdess  of  Jura."  April  i  "Uncle  Tom's 
Cabin,"  was  seen,  followed  April  8  by  George  C.  Boniface,  Sen.,  in 
"  The  Soldier's  Trust."  The  house  soon  afterwards  closed,  but  was 
reopened  Sept  30,  1878,  as  a  variety  theatre,  with  Martin  W.  Hanley 
as  manager. 

On  Dec.  23,  Gardner  &  Hallock,  who  had  been  managing  for  a 
brief  period  Niblo's  Garden,  opened  this  house,  with  W.  J.  Fleming 
as  the  acting  manager  and  leading  man.  The  initial  performance 
was  "The  Brides  of  Garryowen"  ("The  Colleen  Bawn"),  with 
W.  J.  Fleming  as  Danny  Mann,  supported  by  Florence  Ellis  and  a 
full  dramatic  company.  The  curtain  was  rung  up,  and  the  play  had 
proceeded  but  a  few  minutes,  when,  as  the  scene  between  Hardress 
Cregan  and  Danny  Mann  opened,  a  young  man  sprang  from  one 
of  the  stage  boxes  to  the  stage,  and,  walking  up  to  Chas.  A.  Sted- 
man  (mistaking  him  for  W.  J.  Fleming),  banded  him  the  legal 
papers  of  a  temporary  injunction  gprante^  by  the  Supreme  Court  at 
the  instance  of  Dion  Boucicault,  restraining  Fleming  from  perform- 
ing the  plav.  Learning  his  mistake,  the  young  man  handed  the 
papers  to  Fleming,  and  in  the  midst  of  the  confusion  that  followed 
the  curtain  was  rung  down  and  the  audience  dismissed. 

"  The  Ticket  of  Leave  Man  "  was  played  Dec.  25  and  for  the 
week,  with  Fleming  as  Bob  Brierly  and  Florence  Ellis  as  May 
Edwards.  "  Ingomar "  was  given  Dec.  30,  for  the  week,  Fleming 
as  Ingomar,  Florence  Ellis  as  Parthenia. 

The  Count  Joannes  appeared  here  Jan.  7,  1879,  ^^  "  Richard  IIL," 
supported  by  Avonia  Fairbanks. 

"It's  Never  Too  Late  to  Mend,"  was  produced  Jan.  20,  with 
Geo.  D.  Chaplin  in  the  cast. 

A  matinee  performance  was  given  March  17  for  T/te  Herald  Irish 
Relief  Fund.  "  The  Ticket  of  Leave  Man  "  was  the  bill.  Martha 
Fairfield  made  her  first  appearance  on  any  stage  as  Evadne,  April  14, 
and  repeated  the  performance  April  15,  16,  17.  "Evadne"  had 
this  cast : 

Endne Martha  Fairfield 

King  of  Naples      .     .     .  J.  B.  Browne 
Ohvia JeDDie  Carroll 

Ludovico J.  B.  Studley 

Colonna   .     .  Frank  A,  Tannehill,  Sen. 
Vicentio Louis  Barrett 

"The  Assommoir"  (**  Drink")  was  produced  April  30,  with  this 

Mnic.  Boche  .  .  Mrs.  Sedley  Smith  .  Nina,  at  four  ....  Jessie  Story 
^»w  at  fifteen  .  .  .  Laura  Thropp  Daddy  Bazouge  .  Edward  Coleman 
^im  at  eight    .     .     .      Belle  Wharton   Gervaise Maud  Granger 

1 68      A   HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       C1880 

Gouget  . 
Poissons  . 
Bee  Sale  . 
Bijald .  . 
Virginie  . 
Big  Gemence 
Mme.  Lorilleux 

.  .  Qinton  Hall 
Frank  W.  Sanger 
Frank  Drew 
John  Moore 
£.  M.  Day 
Emily  Rigl 
Ada  Rehan 
Nina  Freith 

Corpeau Hanj  Meredith 

Lantier B.  T.  Ringgold 

My  Boots Harry  Hawke 

Bibi C.  H.  Bradshaw 

Pap S.  B.  Duffield 

Pierre John  Swinburne 

Joseph Chas.  Hogan 

The  play  was  a  failure,  and  was  withdrawn  May  17.  After  the 
first  week,  Emily  Rigl  retired  on  account  of  illness,  and  her  rdle 
was  acted  by  Ada  Rehan.  "Benighted"  was  acted  July  22,  by 
Isadore  Davidson.  It  was  originally  called  "  Grip,  or  the  Moral 
Bootblack."  S.  B.  Duffield,  a  member  of  the  company  died  sud- 
denly at  Jersey  City  Heights,  N.  J.,  May  5,  1879. 

Mr.  Hofele  commenced  his  management  of  this  house  Sept.  8, 

1879,  with  cheap  prices, —  50,  35  and  25  cts. 

The  attraction  was  Jennie  Yeamans,  supported  by  J.  W.  Summers, 
in  a  play  called  '*  Mitt,"  which  had  this  cast :  Mitt,  Jennie  Yeamans ; 
Alice  Malvern,  Helen  Adell;  Mrs.  Ashcroft,  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones; 
Ned  Wilton,  J.  W.  Summers;  Luke  Martin,  Edwin  Brink,  Bob 
Ashcroft,  Walter  Fessler.  Previous  to  the  drama  "The  Young 
Widow"  was  acted. 

"  Uncle  Tom's  Cabin  "  was  acted  Oct.  20,  with  J.  B.  Studley  as 
Uncle  Tom ;  Jennie  Yeamans  as  Topsy ;  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  as  Aunt 

On  Jan.  17,  1880,  two  performances  were  given  for  the  relief  of 
the  famine  suffering  Irish.  ''The  Colleen  Bawn"  was  seen,  with 
William  B.  Cahill  as  Myles. 

The  next  and  last  manager  this  house  had  was  Frank  Mayo,  who 
began  Jan.  31, 1880,  and  continued  until  Saturday  evening,  April  I7> 

1880,  when  the  closing  performance  occurred.     It  consisted  of 
"  Richard  III."    The  cast  was : 

Kine  Henry .     .     .     .    F.  Chippendale 

Buckingham H.  Colton 

Tressel Tony  Roache 

Catesby John  Swinburne 

RatcIifiEe W.  Richardson 

Stanley R.  C.  White 

Lord  Mayor Oscar  Wolf 

Lieut,  of  the  Tower    .     .     .  R.  Brooks 
Blunt Joseph  Howard 

The  building  was  soon  after  torn  down  and  business  houses  were 
erected  on  its  site. 

Richmond  .  . 
Duke  of  York  . 
Prince  of  Wales 
Duchess  of  York 
Richard  .  .  . 
Oxford  .  .  . 
Lady  Anne  .     . 

Sueen  Elizabeth 
orfolk    .     .     . 

Frank  A.  Tannehill 
Henry  Bascombe 
Genevieve  Mills 
Ray  Alexander 
rrank  Mayo 
.   H.  White 
Laura  Don 
Mary  Bryer 
Edwin  Mayo 



A  LITTLE  place  of  amusement  known  as  Hitchcock's  Summer 
Garden  was  situated  at  172  New  Canal  Street,  and  opened 
June  5»  1857,  with  a  variety  show  company  consisting  of  James 
Fraser,  comic  singer ;  M.  Lyons ;  T.  Bums,  Irish  vocalist ;  T.  Ellis ; 
W.  Hitchcock;  Prof.  Kennedy,  pianist.  The  admission  was  six 
cents,  which  included  refreshments.  Celia  Morley,  vocalist,  opened 
July  2 1 ;  Jerry  Merrifield,  July  30.  Eva  Brent,  soprano  vocalist, 
made  her  American  d6but  Dec.  13.  /  *  •    ^jn<w 


PETE  MORRIS'  VARIETIES  was  situated  at  210  William 
Street,  at  what  was  formerly  known  as  the  Coliseum.     It  was 
opened  June  27,  1857. 


A  FAMOUS  Minstrel  Hall  forty  years  ago  was  "  Wood's  Marble 
Hall "  situated  on  the  west  side  of  Broadway,  near  Prince 
Street,  Nos.  561  and  563,  built  of  white  marble.  The  entrance  was 
from  Broadway.  The  auditorium  had  a  parquet  and  two  galleries, 
capable  of  seating  2,000  persons.  The  opening  occurred  Oct.  15, 
1857,  ^th  the  following  company :  Sylvester  Bleecker,  stage  man- 
^;  Henry  Woods,  proprietor;  Jack  Herrman,  Geo.  Christy, 
G.  Gardner,  Chas.  H.  Fox,  J.  Whittaker,  Master  Eugene,  G.  W.  H. 
Griffin,  C.  Keene,  L.  Meyer,  M.  Lewis,  E.  Bowers,  Master  Gus 
Howard,  and  C.  Haslam.  Geo.  Holland,  the  comedian  of  Mitchell's 
Olympic  and  Wallack's  theatres,  became  a  member  of  this  minstrel 
company,  appearing  Dec.  21  as  Black  George  in  the  local  farce 
''My  Friend,  Black  George,  from  White  Plains."  He  published 
tbe  following  card  in  the  newspapers  of  the  day : 

Ccorje  Holland  respectfully  informs  his  friends  and  the  public  that  in  conse- 

<l>oce  of  the  unfortunate  state  of  the  times  —  which  has  prevented  the  managers 

^  vhat  are  termed  the  legitimate  theatres  from  fulfilling  tneir  contracts,  and  thus 

Q«i€d  him  to  be  unable  to  provide  those  comforts  for  his  familv  as  heretofore  — 

be  has  made  an  engagement  with  Wood  &  Christy*s  minstrels,  which  will  not 

^  enable  him  to  support  his  £unily  as  usual,  but  also  enable  him,  in  a  short 

'i&e,  to  resume  specie  payments,  and  settle  all  his  little  accounts  which  have 

bcea  rendered  with  so  much  kindness.     He  also  begs  to  assure  his  friends  and 

t^pabiic  that  he  will  appear  before  them  in  the  same  capacity  —  in  the  same  or 

fimuar  pieces  —  in  the  hne  of  low  comedy  —  the  only  difference  will  be  that 

nstead  of  coloring  his  face  with  red  paint  it  will  appear  black;   which,  when 

vajbed  off,  he  hones  they  will  perceive  the  same  honest  countenance  he  has 

kitbcrto  maintaincg. 

.170      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [1858 

The  company  closed  the  house  week  of  March  15,  1858,  and 
appeared  at  Brooklyn,  as  the  entrance  had  to  be  considerably  altered. 
It  reopened  March  22.  Frank  Brower,  Charles  Fox,  James  Budworth, 
and  Charley  White  put  in  an  appearance  here  May  17.  T.  D.  Rice, 
Eph.  Horn,  and  E.  Bowers  were  added  to  the  forces  Aug.  2.  Julia 
Daly  joined  the  company  Oct.  18,  and  appeared  in  the  protean 
sketch,  "  In  and  Out  of  Place,"  in  which  she  gave  French,  Irish, 
Dutch,  and  Yankee  delineations.  Frank  Brower  was  seen  here 
Dec.  13.  Cool  White  came  for  the  first  time  Jan.  3,  1859.  The 
house  closed  Sept.  3,  1859,  when  the  premises  were  altered  to  the 
Merchants  and  Manufacturers'  bank. 

The  company  went  to  585  Broadway  Sept.  8,  for  a  few  nights^ 
then  to  444  Broadway,  Sept  1 2.  The  entrance  by  way  of  a  long^ 
flight  of  stairs  operated  to  its  disadvantage,  and  the  building  was 
soon  after  taken  possession  of  for  the  bank.  Ths  entire  structure 
was  torn  down  in  July,  1877. 


THE  old  medical  college  situated  at  the  corner  of  Spring  and 
Crosby  streets  was  turned  into  a  place  of  amusement  and, 
called  The  Adelphi,  was  opened  Jan.  4,  1858.  "The  Wizard  of 
the  North  "  appeared,  with  Viola,  danseuse,  and  Frazer,  vocalist. 
The  admission  was  12  cts.,  which  included  a  refreshment  ticket 
This  place  was  afterwards  devoted  to  musical  entertainments  of 
various  kinds. 


AT  199  and  201  Bowery,  nearly  opposite  to  Spring  Street,  was  a 
place  of  amusement  called  "  Hoym's  Theatre,"  named  after 
its  proprietor,  Otto  Von  Hoym.  It  was  opened  August  5,  1858. 
In  addition  to  a  ballet  corps  with  Louise  Lamoureux,  Geo.  Smith 
and  Mons.  SzoUosy  as  the  principals,  there  was  a  vaudeville  enter- 

Aug.  14  Geo.  W.  Smith  took  a  benefit,  and  had  a  host  of 
volunteers.  Sept.  13  the  Zavistowski  Juvenile  Ballet  troupe 
appeared.  Mons.  Zavistowski  was  the  ballet  master,  Christine 
Ludlam  (Mrs.  Zavistowski)  premiere,  and  Alice  and  Emeline 
Zavistowski  were  the  stars.  Robert  Johnston  and  T.  C.  Steers 
were  the  next  managers,  with  this  company:  J.  W.  Wallack,  Jr., 
Robert  Johnston,  J.  J.  Prior,  S.  H.  France,  Joseph  O.  Sefton,  Wall, 
Humphrey  Bland,  Wright,  J.  L.  Wallace,  Jones,  M.  B.  Pike,  Wray, 
Stevens,  John  Walsh,  Amelia  Parker,  Sallie  Partington,  Nelse 
Waldron,  and  others.  The  initial  play  was  "  Werner,"  also  "  Rent 
Day."    James  Wallack  acted  Werner,  and  Robert  Johnston  Ulric  in 




the  first  pby,  and  Amelia  Parker  was  the  Rachel  Heywood  in  the 
latter;  Oct  4,  "The  Stranger/'  WaUack  as  the  Stranger,  and 
R.  Johnston  as  Reuben  Glenroy  in  "Town  and  Country;"  Oct.  5, 
••  King  of  the  Commons ;  "  Oct.  6  "  Macbeth  **  was  given. 

Macbeth J.  W.  Wallack 

Macduff R.  Johnston 

Malcolm  ....      Humphrey  Bland 
Ron M.  B.  Pike 

Lady  Macbeth  .    .    .     Amelia  Parker 

Se3rton John  Sefton 

Third  Witch     .     .     .     .  S.  H.  France 
Hecate    ....      Sallie  Partington 

"  Paul  Pry  "  was  the  afterpiece.  Oct.  1 1  "  Lucrezia  Borgia  "  was 
acted,  with  Amelia  Parker  as  Lucrezia;  also,  "  The  Cross  of  Gold/' 
Robert  Johnston  as  Austerlitz.  J.  M.  Belmont  took  a  benefit  April 
25f  1859,  when ''King  Henry  IV."  was  acted  by  amateurs.  The 
French  dramatic  company,  which  had  been  playing  at  585  Broadway, 
under  Fred  Widdow's  management,  came  Dec.  26, 1859.  This  place 
remained  untenanted  for  a  long  time,  but  was  reopened  by  S.  C.  Camp- 
bell, June  27,  1864,  with  a  minstrel  company.  On  Jan.  16,  1865, 
R.  M.  Hooley  became  associated  with  Mr.  Campbell  in  the  manage- 
ment, Hooley's  Brooklyn  Opera  House  having  been  burned  (May 
16).  James  H.  Budworth,  G.  W.  H.  Griffin,  Frank  Hussey,  Fred 
Abbot*  Geo.  Clinton,  Geo.  Parkinson,  and  J.  Stanwood  appeared, 
remaining  until  the  close  of  the  season.  May  27,  1865.  S.  S. 
Sharpley,  who  had  a  minstrel  company  known  as  the  ''  Ironclads," 
became  die  manager  June  12, 1865.  He  opened  with  his  minstrels, 
and  closed  June  29. 


SAMUEL  S.  SHARPLEY  and  Tony  Pastor  rented  the  house  for 
two  weeks  and  brought  together  the  following  company,  open- 
ing July  31 :  John  Wild,  Bertha,  Sheridan  and  Mack,  James  Gaynor, 
Willis  Armstrong,  Bob  Butler,  Ernestine  de  Faber,  Blanche  Stanley, 
Amelia  Wells,  Ellen  Collene  and  John  Braham,  leader  of  the  orchestra. 
Among  others  who  appeared  during  the  season  were,  Alf  Moe,  the 
skater;  Charles  Winter,  the  infant  Ravel;  Sam  Ryan;  Laura  Taylor, 
an  English  vocalist ;  El  Nino  Eddie,  Bob  Hart,  Billy  Reeve,  Maggie 
Vernon,  Lizzie  Donaldson,  Geo.  Warren,  Master  Barry,  Lew  Brim- 
mer, T.  G.  Riggs,  Jenny  Engcl,  Milly  Warren,  Lottie  La  Point,  and 
Josh  Hart.  Sharpley  and  Pastor's  success  was  so  great  that  Tony 
Pastor  bought  out  Richard  M.  Hooley,  who  had  a  lease  of  the 
premises.  The  new  manager  gave  a  first-class  variety  performance, 
one  to  which  ladies  might  go  with  their  families,  and  which  omitted 
the  smoking  and  drinking  features  of  the  other  variety  houses.  The 
first  season  closed  June  9,  1866.  Tonv  Pastor  then  made  a  short 
tour  with  a  company,  and  Sam  Sharpley  took  possession,  opening 
^th  the  following  people :  Sam  Sharpley,  Frank  Kerns,  Billy  Pastor, 

172      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [1872 

Johnny  Thompson,  Robert  Butler,  Amelia  Wells,  Carrie  Byron,  Walter 
Eaton,  Frank  Pell,  and  Robert  Delany,  gymnast.  Sharpley  closed 
July  7.  Tony  Pastor  commenced  his  second  season  July  30,  1866, 
and  in  his  organization  were,  Tony  Pastor,  T.  G.  Riggs,  Mack,  John 
Wild,  G.  F.  McDonald,  Masters  Barry  and  Warren,  King,  Ford, 
Armstrong,  Marcellus  Szollosy,  Jenny  Engel,  Florence  McDonald, 
Bertha,  Florence  Wells,  the  Walby  Sisters,  Hattie  Engel,  the 
Gorenflo  Sisters,  Nellie  Gray,  Sallie  Loudon,  and  Carrie  Camer. 
During  the  season  the  following  players  appeared  from  time  to  time : 
Mrs.  Frank  McDonald,  a  troupe  of  Bedouin  Arabs,  Frank  Hussey, 
Sig.  Monteverde.  Jenny  Benson,  clog  dancer,  from  the  Dublin 
theatres ;  Mons.  La  Thorne,  James  Gaynor,  Billy  Emerson,  Denny 
Gallagher,  SeSorita  Lopez,  and  infant  gymnasts,  Harry  Burchard, 
Eugene  Martini,  Herr  Harl ;  Dave  Hawley,  gymnast,  Barry  O'Neil, 
Irish  comedian;  G.  W.  Thompson,  Billy  Sheppard,  Kate  Partington, 
Sam  CoUyer  and  sons,  J.  W.  Collins,  Johnny  Allen,  Nellie  Whitney; 
Sig.  Bueno  Core,  fire  king;  Naomi  Porter,  a  Japanese  troupe, 
Melinda  Nagle,  and  Sig.  Jos6  Bastiglioni,  contortionist.  The  season 
closed  June  i,  1867. 

A  summer  season  opened  June  3  with  Walter  Brown,  the  champion 
oarsman  and  athlete,  Prof.  Tanner  and  company  of  performing  dogs. 
Lew  Brimmer,  Dick  Carroll,  Pete  Lee,  and  others.  They  closed 
June  29.  After  having  been  reconstructed  the  house  reopened 
July  29,  1867,  with  the  following  attractions:  Sam  CoUyer  and  sons, 
Sally  Swift,  Billy  Emmett,  J.  A.  Graver,  Prof.  Logrenia,  John  Pearce, 
Prof.  Doebler,  G.  R.  McDonald,  John  Collins,  Jenny  Engel,  Billy 
Sheppard,  John  Wild,  Robert  Nickle,  the  Leon  Brothers,  Dave 
Hawley,  and  others.  The  house  was  then  occupied  for  four  weeks 
by  Emerson,  Allen  &  Manning's  minstrels. 

The  next  season  commenced  Aug.  3,  1868,  with  the  company  as 
follows:  Tony  Pastor,  Johnny  Thompson,  Frank  Kerns,  G.  W. 
Thompson,  Billy  Sheppard,  T.  G.  Riggs,  J.  A.  Graver,  Billy  Emmett, 
Robt.  Delancey,  Jas.  Bradley,  Pete  Conners,  J.  W.  Collins,  Jenny 
Engel,  Addie  Le  Brun,  Helene  Smith,  Nellie  Gray,  and  Marie 
Gorenflo.     The  season  closed  June  26,  1869. 

Mr.  Pastor's  next  season  began  Aug.  2  with  the  following  com- 
pany :  Frank  Kerns,  G.  W.  Thompson,  T.  G.  Riggs,  Bobby  New- 
comb,  Jas.  W.  Collins,  D.  L.  Morris,  Geo.  Warren,  J.  A.  Graver,  R. 
Connors,  H.  Clifford,  Sam  Collyer  and  sons,  J.  W.  McAndrews,  and 
Tony  Pastor,  Mile.  Irma,  danseuse,  the  Gorenflo  Sisters,  Sallie 
Mason,  Jenny  Benson,  Helene  Smith,  and  Addie  Le  Brun.  Harrigan 
and  Hart  made  their  first  appearance  here  Sept.  16,  1872,  in  "The 
Little  Fraud."  The  next  week  they  played  "  The  Big  and  Little  of 
It."  The  next  week  they  appeared  in  **  After  the  War."  On  Oct. 
7  they  introduced  an  act  called  "  Sweet  Summer."  They  played 
until  Nov.  3,   1872.     Ladies  were   admitted   free  on   Fridays.     A 

11843  THE  PEOPLE'S  THEATRE  173 

benefit  for  the  Dan   Bryant  Fund  occurred  Aug.  29,  1875.     In 
addition  to  the  regular  company  engaged  for  the  week,  the  following 
volunteered:  Alvardo,  Adah  Richmond,  Rickey  and  Barney,  Nelly 
St.  John,  John  Denier,  the  Devere  Brothers,  Jennie  Hughes,  King 
Sarbro,  and  Maggie  Denier.    Tony  Pastor  for  ten  years  conducted 
this  house  as  an  attractive  variety  theatre,  enjoying  the  utmost 
prosperitv  and  popularity.    In  October,  1875,  he  retir^.    Paul  Falk 
opened  the  house  at  cheap  prices  in  the  fdl  of  1875.     Harrv  Miner 
was  business  manager.    During  the  summer  of  1883  the  building 
was  torn  down,  and  Harry  Miner  at  once  commenced  the  erection 
of  a  theatre  to  be  devoted  to  dramatic  attractions,  called  Thb  People's 
Theatre,  which  opened  Sept.  3,  1883,  with  Shook  and  Collier's 
"  The  Lights  o'  London ; "   Sept.   10,  Roland  Reed  in  "  Cheek  ; " 
Sept.  17,  "  Fun  on  the  Bristol ; "  Sept.  24,  J.  B.  Studley  in  "  Rose 
Michel;"   Oct.   i,  J.  K.  Emmet  in  "Fritz  in   Ireland;"  Oct.  8, 
••  Pop;  "  Oct.  15,  "  New  Flying  Dutch  Man,"  with  C.  P.  Flockton, 
Miss  Helen  Bancroft, and  Thomas  Glenney  in  the  cast;  The  Wilbur 
opera  company  came  Oct.   22   in   ''lolanthe"  for  three   nights; 
••  Pirates  of  Penzance,"  Oct.  25 ;  Oct.  29, "  The  SUver  King ;  "  Nov. 
5  Ada  Gray  was  seen  in  "  East  Lynne;  "  Nov.  12,  Frank  Mayo  in 
*•  Davy  Crockett ; "  Baker  and  Farren  in  the  new  play  "  Govern- 
ment House  "  Nov.  19,  for  four  nights,  and  "  Chris  and  Lena"  Nov. 
23  and  24;   Nov.  26,  "Her  Atonement;"  Dec.  3  M.  B.  Curtis 
came  in  "  Sam'l  of  Posen  ;  "  Dec.  10,  **  The  Silver  King  ; "  Dec.  17, 
Haverly's  minstrels;    Dec.  24,  Charles   Bowser  in  ^'A  Bunch  of 
Keys ;  "  Dec.  31,  Kate  Claxton  in  **  The  Two  Orphans;  "  Jan.  7, 1884, 
"  In  the  Ranks;  "  Jan.  14,  Barry  and  Fay  in  **  Irish  Aristocracy;  " 
Jan.  21,  Thatcher,  Primrose  and  West's  minstrels;  Jan.  28,  Buflalo 
Bill  in  "The  Prairie  Waif;"  Feb.  4,  ''The  Stranglers  of  Paris;" 
Feb.  II,  Dion  Boucicault  in  "The  Shaughraun;"  Feb.  18,  Agnes 
Booth  in  "  Pique;  "  Feb.  25,  "  Esmeralda;  "  March  3,  Hanlon  Broth- 
ers with  "  Le  Voyage  en  Suisse  ; "  March  10,  "  Lights  o'  London ; " 
March   17,  B.  Macauley  in  "A  Messenger  from  Jarvis  Section;" 
March  24, "  Romany  Rye ;  "  March  31,"  Black  Flag ;  "  April  7, "  Or- 
pheus and  Eurydice;  "  April  14,  Neil  Burgess  in  "Vim  ;  "  April  21, 
••  The  White  Slave ;  "  April  28,  "  Only  A  Farmer's  Daughter ;  "  May 
5,  "The  Silver  King;  "  May  12,  "  Hazel  Kirke;  "  May  19.  Wallack's 
company  in  "Lady  Claire;"  May  26,  "Devil's  Auction;"  June  2, 
Cbas.  L.  Davis  in  **  Alvin  Joslin ;  "    June  9,  **  The  Stranglers  of 
Paris;"  June  16,  "The  Queen's  Lace  Handkerchief."     The  season 
closed  June  20.     The  next  season  opened  Aug.  16  with  "  The  Silver 
King  ; "  Fred  de  Belleville  playing  Wilfred  Denver  ;  Eleanor  Carey, 
Nelly  Denver;  and  John  Jennings  as  Jaikes;  Aug.  23,  "The  White 
Slave ;  "  Sept.  i, "  Siberia  ; "  Sept.  8.  Roland  Reed  in  "  Cheek ;  "  Sept. 
15,  Edwin  Thome  in  "The  Black  Flag;"  Sept.  22,  "The  Pulse  of 
New  York ;  "  Sept.  29, "  Hearts  of  Oak ;  "  Oct.  6,  "  Storm  Beaten  ; " 

174      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [1886 

Oct.  13,  Augustin  Daly's  company  in  "7.20-8;"  Oct.  20,  Lester 
Wallack's  company  in  "  Moths ; "    Oct  27,  "  The  Galley  Slave ;  " 
Nov.  3,  "Blue  and  Gray;"  Nov.   10,  "In  the  Ranks;"  Nov.   17, 
"Her  Atonement;"  Nov.  24,  "The  Silver  King;"   Dec.   i,  The 
Wilbur  opera  company  in  "  Girofl6  Girofla,"  "  Little  Duke,"  and 
"  Estrella  "  for  the  week  ;  Dec.  8,  "  Shadows  of  a  Great  City ;  "  Dec 
15,  The  Bijou  opera  company  in  "Orpheus  and  Eurydice;"  Dec. 
22,  "  Called  Back ; "  Dec.  29,  Barlow  and  Wilson's  minstrels ;  Jan. 
5.  1885,  "The  Devil's  Auction;  "  Jan.  12,  Gus  Williams  in  "Capt. 
Mishler;"  Jan.  19,  Lotta  in  "Little  Detective;"  Jan.  26,  "Wages 
of  Sin ;  "  Feb.  2,  "  A  Bunch  of  Keys ;  "  Feb.  9,  "  Michael  Strogoflf ; " 
Feb.  16,  "Romany  Rye;"  Feb.  23,  Louis  Aldrich  in  "My  Part- 
ner;"   March   2,   "A   Midnight    Marriage;"    March    9,   "Hazel 
Kirke;"  March  16,  Boucicault  in  "The  Shaughraun;"  March  23, 
Salsbury's   Troubadours ;    March   30,   "  Youth ; "   April   6,  "  May 
Blossoms;"  April    13,  Louis   Harrison   and  Gourlay  in  "  Skipped 
by  the  Light  of  the  Moon  ; "  April  20,  "  Le  Voyage  en  Suisse ;  " 
April  27,  "  Only  a  Farmer's  Daughter;  "  May  4,  Oliver  Doud  Byron 
in  "Across  the  Continent;"  May  11,  "The  Stranglers  of  Paris." 
Wm.  E.  Sheridan  came  May   18,  19,  and  20  as  King  Lear,  mating 
May    20   as    Ingomar,  and   balance  of  the  week  in  "  Louis  XI. ;  " 
May  25,  Milton  Nobles  in  "  Love  and  Law."     Season  closed  May  30, 
and  reopened  Aug.  10, 1885,  ^^^^  Roland  Reed,  Alice  Harrison,  and 
others  in  "The  Mikado;"  Aug.  17,  Barlow,  Wilson,  and  Rankin's 
minstrels ;    Aug.  24,  "  The  World ;  "    Sept.  7,  "  Storm  Beaten ;  " 
Sept.  14,  "  Alone  in  London  ;"  Sept.  21,  W.  J.  Scanlan  in  "Shane 
Na  Lawn;"    Sept.  28,  "Michael  Strogoff;"    Oct.   S,   "Nobody's 
Claim  "  was  given ;  Oct.  12,  Effie  Ellsler  came  in  "  Woman  Against 
Woman;"  Oct.  19,  Oliver  Doud  Byron  in  "Inside  Track;"  Oct. 
26,  Edwin  Thorne  in  "  Crimes  of  Paris ;  "  Nov.  2,  Mme.  Janish  in 
"  Anselma  ; "  Nov.  9,  "  Her  Atonement ; "  Nov.  16,  Lizzie  Evans  in 
"Fogg's   Fairy;"  Nov.   23,  F.  C  Bangs   in  "The   Silver   King;" 
Nov.  30,  Fanny  Davenport  in  "  Fedora ;  "  matinee  Dec.  2,  Maud 
Granger  in  "  American  Marriage ;  "  Dec.  7,  Evans  &  Hoey  in  "  A 
Parlor  Match;  "  Dec.  13,  Lillian  Lewis  in  "  Article  47;  "  Dec.  20, 
Standard  Theatre  company  in  "  The  Mikado ;  "  Dec.  25,  Effie  Ellsler, 
in  "  Woman  Against  Woman  ; "  Jan.  4,  1886,  "  A  Bunch  of  Keys;  " 
Jan.  II,  "The  Wages  of  Sin ;"  Jan.  18,  Kate  Claxton  in  "The  Sea 
of  Ice;"  Jan.  25,  "Blackmail;"  Feb.   i   the  new  play  "  A  Great 
Wrong  Righted,"  by  John  M.  Morton,  was  acted  with  this  cast: 

Richard  Bright 
Moses      .     . 

.  John  A.  Stevens 

Harry  Col  ton 

.     W.  P.  Sheldon 

Eliza Adelaide  Stanhope 

Milly  Graham    ....  Emily  Lyttoo 

Loudan    McCormack   and  Maude  Muller  were  also  in  the  cast 
Feb.  8  Gus  Williams  came,  in  "One  of  the  Finest;  "  Feb.  15  Fred 

mf2  THE   PEOPLE'S  THEATRE  175 

Wardc  acted  Virginias;  Feb.  16,  "Othello;"  Feb.  17,  •'Lady  of 
Lyons ;  "  Feb.  18,  "  Damon  and  Pythias;  "  Milton  Nobles  was  seen 
in  *•  Love  and  Law  "  Feb.  22  ;  March  i,  *'  Romany  Rye ; "  March  8, 
N.C.Goodwin  in  "Skating  Rink;"  March  15,  Wro.  A.  Mestayer 
and  Theresa  Vaughn,  in  "  We,  Us  &  Co. ; "  March  22, "  The  World  ; " 
March  29,  J.  B.  Studley  in  "  A  Prisoner  for  Life ;"  April  5,  Marie 
Aimee  in  "Mam'zelle;"  April  12,  "A  Rag  Baby;"  April  19,  "A 
Midnight  Marriage,"  with  Wm.  Redmund  and  Mrs.  Barry  in  the 
cast;  April  26,  Cora  Tanner  in  '*  Alone  in  London  ;"  May  3,  Tony 
Hart  in  "A  Toy  Pistol;"  May  10,  "Private  Secretary"  by  the 
Madison  Square  Theatre  company;  May  17,  Murray  and  Murphv 
in  "Our  Irish  Visitor;"  Mav  24,  George  Clarke's  new  play,  "A 
Strange  Disappearance,"  for  the  first  time;  May  31,  Barry  and  Fay 
in  "  Irish  Aristocracy;  "  June  7,  "  One  of  the  Bravest;  "  June  14, 
Milton  Nobles. 

"  Zitka"  was  done  for  the  first  time  June  21.  Gustave  Levick, 
John  W.  Jennings,  Charlotte  Behrens,  Edith  Crolius,  A.  H. 
Forrest,  Henry  Aveling,  Percy  Meldon,  Matt  Snyder,  Rose  Snyder, 
Edith  Jordan,  and  Barbara  Eyre  were  in  the  cast.  *'  Zitka  "  was  re- 
peated week  of  June  28,  and  the  season  closed  July  3.  Reopened 
Aug.  23  with  "  Zitka ;  "  Aug.  30,  Edmund  Collier  in  "  Jack  Cade ; " 
Sept  6,  first  time  in  this  city  of  James  A,  Heme's  play,  "  The  Minute 
Men;"  Sept.  13,  "Blackmail;"  Sept.  20,  "Shadows  of  a  Great 
aty ;  "  Sept.  27,  "  A  Rag  Baby ;  "  Oct.  4,  Ada  Gray  in  a  "  A  Ring 
of  Iron;  "  Oct.  11,  Effie  Ellsler  in  "Woman  Against  Woman;" 
Oct.  18,  "A  Wall  Street  Bandit;"  Oct.  25,  "A  Great  Wrong 

Kate  Claxton  appeared  Nov.  i,  1886,  in   "The  Two  Orphans." 

In  her  company  were  C.  A.  Stevenson,  Alice  Leigh,  DoUie  Pike, 

Lillian  Vance,  James  Edwards,  Joseph  A.  Wilkes,  Heaton  Manice, 

Floride  Abell,  Emilie  Edwards,  G.  S.  Robinson,  Gertrude  Cameron, 

and  others.     Robson  and  Crane  came  Nov.  8,  in  "  The  Comedy  of 

Errors;"  "The  Silver  King,"  Nov.  15;  Frank  Mayo,  Nov.  22,  in 

"  Nordeck ;  "  Nov.  29,  "  Held  by  the  Enemy ;  "  Dec.  6,  Gus  Williams 

in  "Oh,  What  a  Night!  "  Dec.  13,  Tony  Hart  in  "  Donnybrook;  " 

Dec.  20,  Evans  and  Hoey  in  "  A  Parlor  Match ;  "  Fanny  Davenport 

Dec.  27,  in  "Fedora;  "  Edmund  Collier  Jan.  3,  1887,  as  Metamora; 

Jan.  10  and  17,  "  Hoodman  Blind;  "  "Private  Secretary"  Jan.  24; 

-A  Tin   Soldier"  Jan.  31;    Feb.  7,  "The  Banker's   Daughter;" 

Feb.  14,  "  We,  Us  &  Co  ;  "  "  The  Wages  of  Sin  "  Feb.  21 ;  Robert 

L  Downing  Feb.  28  in  "  The  Gladiator ; "    March  7,  Milton  and 

Dolly  Nobles  in   "  Love   and  Law  ; "    **  Passing   Shadows "  March 

14;  Marie  Aimee  March  21,  in  "  Mam'zelle."     Mrs.  D.  P.  Bowers 

appeared  March  28-29,  and  April  i  in  "  Queen  Elizabeth ;  "  March 

30,  "Mary  Stuart;"    March  31,  "Macbeth;"  for  the  Wednesday 

and  Saturday  matinees  she  acted   "  Lady  Audley's   Secret "  and 


176      A  HISTORY   OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D888 

"Mary  Stuart;"  "  Hoodman  Blind"  April  4;  "Gypsy  Baron" 
April  1 1 ;  Mrs.  John  Drew  as  Mrs.  Malaprop  in  "  The  Rivals " 
April  18;  The  Madison  Square  Theatre  company  April  25,  in 
"The  Main  Line,  or  Rawson's  7;  "  May  2,  Wm.  J.  Scanlan  in 
"  Shane  Na  Lawn  ; "  James  O'Neill  May  9,  in  "  Monte  Cristo ; " 
Lillian  Olcott  May  16,  in  "  Theodora ; "  Nat  Goodwin  May  23,  in 
"  Little  Jack  Sheppard ; "  "On  The  Rio  Grande"  May  30;  Frank 
Mayo  June  6,  for  two  weeks  in  "  Royal  Guard ; "  June  20,  Robert 
McWade  in  "Rip  Van  Winkle;  "  and  the  season  closed  June  25,  to 
reopen  Aug.  22,  with  Kate  Claxton  in  "  The  Two  Orphans  ; "  "  The 
Dominie's  Daughter"  Aug.  29;  J.  K.  Emmet,  Sept.  5,  in  "Our 
Cousin  German;"  Mrs.  D.  P.  Bowers  commenced  Sept.  12,  in 
"  Mme.  Croesus,"  for  the  first  time  in  this  city,  cast  as  follows : 

Pierre W.  G.  Beach 

Maurice Sidney  Bowkett 

Nadia Mittens  WiUett 

Mme.  Desvarennes,   Mrs.  D.  P.  Bowers 
Mens.  Rosenberg  .  Geo.  W.  Thompson 

Percy  Huntine 
.     Carl  Ahrend 

Mons.  de  Trembley    . 
Mons.  Michaud     .     . 

Prince Henry  Aveling 

Anatole Arthur  Giles 

Clarice     ....      Alice  Fairbrother 

This  same  work  of  Ohnet  had  been  previously  produced  in  this 
city  under  the  title  of  "  Serge  Panine."  "  Our  Jennie  "  had  its  first 
New  York  representation  Dec.  26,  cast  as  follows : 

Larry  Fogarty  . 
James  Walton  . 
Bridget  Fogarty 
Our  Jennie  .     . 

John  T.  Burke 

J.  J.  Macready 

.    Emily  Stowe 

Jennie  Yeamans 

Jinks J.  W.  Summers 

Frank  Farr Fred  Ma3rer 

Mrs.  Farr Addie  Eaton 

Willie  Wilkie    ....  Collin  Varrcy 

This  was  the  first  appearance  in  this  city  of  Eugenia  Jennie 
Yeamans  as  a  star. 

Jan.  2,  1888,  Thatcher  and  West's  minstrels;  Jan.  9,  for  two 
weeks,  J.  K.  Emmet ;  Jan.  23,  Kate  Claxton  was  announced  to  open, 
but  the  death  of  her  father  prevented  it.  **  The  Two  Orphans  "  was 
given  for  three  nights,  with  Sadie  Deane  as  Louise.  Kate  Claxton 
commenced  Jan.  26,  in  Frank  Harvey's  melodrama,  "  The  World 
Against  Her."  It  had  its  first  performance  in  New  York,  cast  as 
follows : 

Madge  Carlton 
Lucy  Dauvers 
Liz  Markland 
James  Carlton 
Simon  Clegg 
Harold  Vernon 
Jenney  Clegg 
Sally  Millet  . 

.  .  .  Kate  Claxton 
.  .  .  Leslie  Tillson 
.  .  Maud  Hosford 
Charles  A.  Stevenson 
.  .  Palmer  Collins 
Payson  Mackaye 
.  .  .  Esther  Lyon 
.     .     .     Alice  Leigh 

Annie Little  Daisey 

Gilbert  Blair  ...  A.  H.  Forrest 
Robert  Danvers  .  .  .  Ed.  T.  Hall 
Bob  Millet  ....  Ed.  E.  Egleton 
Dick  Markland .     .     .     .    R.  Hickman 

Heslop Theo.  Williams 

Thwaites Ed.  Short 

Ned     ....      Master  Frank  Dean 

It  was  acted  week  of  Jan.  30;    Feb.  6,  "Silver  King";  Feb.  13, 
Frank  Daniels  in  "  Little  Puck ; "    Feb.  20,  Maggie   Mitchell  in 




"Jane  Eyre  "  and  "  Little  Barefoot ;  "  Feb.  27,  "  A  Tin  Soldier ;  " 
March  5,  James  O'Neill  in  "Monte  Cristo;"  March  12,  N.  C. 
Goodwin  in  "Turned  Up;  "  March  19,  "A  Rag  Baby;  "  March  26, 
"  Hoodman  Blind ;  "  April  2,  Frank  Mayo  in  "  The  Royal  Guard ;  ** 
April  9,  "  Harbor  Lights  ; "  April  16,  W.  J.  Scanlan« 

Edwin  F.  Mayo's  New  York  d6but  as  a  star  was  at  this  theatre 
April  23,  in  "  Davy  Crockett."  Chas.  T.  Ellis  made  his  New  York 
d^but  as  a  star  April  30,  in  "  Caspar  the  Yodler ;  "  May  7,  "  Drift- 
ing Apart,"  by  James  Heme,  for  the  first  time  on  any  stage,  for  two 
weeks,  with  this  cast : 

Jack  Hepbume  .    .    «  James  A.  Heme 
Percy  Seward    ....       H.  M.  Pitt 

Silas C.  W.  BuUer 

Mary  Miller  .     .     Katherine  C.  Heme 

Hester Vic  Reynolds 

Harry Tames  Oliver 

Alec Phineas  Leach 

Josh  .... 
Mrs.  Seward.  . 
Miss  Stanley  . 
Little  Marmet . 
Miss  EsterDrook 
Miss  Fairchild  . 

Robert  Alexander 

Hemietta  Bert 

Maude  Jeflfries 

Little  Dot  Winters 

.  Lucille  Pearson 

Adelaide  Nelson 

"  Among  the  Pines  "  was  given  for  the  first  time  in  New  York 
June  II,  with  this  cast: 

Capt.  Allen  Heartly  .  Eben  Plympton 
Mike  L^^ett  .  .  P.  Aug^  Anderson 
Hoprood  . 

Howard  Gale 
Pat  Mahoney 

Thos.  J.  Hemdon 
Maggrie  Fields 
Thos.  L7  Coleman 
.    John  F.  Ward 

John  Dalton  .     .    .    R.  F.  McClannin 

Sey Wallie  Eddinger 
innie Libby  Nozon 

Marion Helen  Windsor 

Jerusha Louisa  Eldridge 

Solon Sheridan  Tupper 

The  next  season  commenced  Aug.  20  with  "Judge  Not,"  E.  H. 
Vanderfelt,  F.  C.  Bangs,  Frank  Weston,  Mme.  Ponisi,  Helen  Ban- 
croft, and  Effie  Ellsler  in  the  cast.  This  was  followed  Aug.  27  by 
"The  Golden  Giant,"  Kate  (Mrs.  McKee)  Rankin  as  the  star; 
Sept.  3,  F.  A.  Tannehill,  Jr.'s  musical  comedy,  "  Struck  Gas,"  with 
Carrie  Tutein  (Mrs.  Harry  Pepper)  as  the  star;  Sept.  10-17,  ^^e 
"tank  play,"  **  Lost  in  New  York  ; "  Sept.  24  Kate  Claxton  appeared 
in  "  The  World  Against  Her."  The  "  tank  "  drama,  "  A  Dark  Secret," 
commenced  a  fortnight's  stay  on  Oct.  i.  A  benefit  for  the  yellow- 
fcTcr  sufferers  Sunday  night,  Oct.  7. 

Sept.  3,  Frank  A.  Tannehill's  play,  **  Struck  Gas,"  when  Carrie 
Tutein  made  her  d^but  as  a  star.  This  play  was  originally  called 
"  Nan's  Acre."  Sept.  10,  for  two  weeks,  "  Lost  in  New  York ; " 
Sept.  24,  Kate  Claxton  in  "The  World  Against  Her; "  Oct.  i,  for 
two  weeks,  "  A  Dark  Secret" 

Frank  Daniels  began  in  **  Little  Puck"  Oct.  15,  followed  Oct.  22 
by  F.  B.  Warde.  Walter  Standish's  version  of  Sardou's  **  Theodora  " 
was  done  Oct.  29,  with  Phosa  McAllister  as  the  star.  "  Shadows  of 
a  Great  City"  Nov.  5.     The  Gillette  company  Nov.  12,  in  "A  Legal 

▼01..  IL — 12 

178       A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       &«• 

Wreck,"  followed  Nov.  19  by  "  Paul  Kauvar,"  with  Steele  Mackaye, 
Carrie  Turner,  Edmund  Collier,  and  Charles  Vandenbo£F  in  the  cast. 
The  Madison  Square  Theatre  company,  in  "  Jim  the  Penman,"  Nov. 
26 ;  James  O'Neill  in  '*  Monte  Cristo,"  Dec.  3  ;  Frank  Mayo,  in  "  The 
Royal  Guard  "  and  "Nordeck,"  week  of  Dec.  10. 

Gillette's  version  of  "  She  "  was  done  Dec.  17,  followed  Dec.  31  by 
Johnson  &  Slavin's  minstrels.  "The  Still  Alarm"  came  Jan.  7, 
1889  for  two  weeks;  Jan.  21,  Daniel  E.  Bandmann  in  "Austcrlitz" 
(Tom  Taylor's  old  play,  "  Dead  or  Alive  ")  ;  "  Paul  Kauvar  "  Jan.  28, 
Joseph  Haworth  in  the  title  rdle;  Feb.  4,  Robert  Mantell,  in 
"  Monbars,"  followed  Feb.  11  for  two  weeks  by  "The 
Selina  Fetter  as  the  star: 

Lord  Noddy 
Servant   .     .     > 
Count  Beaudry 
Count  Barrotti  . 
Stella  Barrotti 

Eugene  Sanger 

Joseph  Conlyn 

Frank  Karrington 

Ramsay  Morris 
.     .   Selina  Fetter 

Angela  Romano  .  .  Blanche  Wearer 
Countess  Beaudry  .  .  Nellie  Taylor 
Madame  Lanine  .  .  .  Nina  Freith 
Etienne Mamie  Ryan 

Minnie  Palmer  Feb.  25,  in  "  My  Sweetheart,"  R.  A.  Roberts 
Tony.  Mrs.  Langtry  March  11,  in  "Macbeth,"  repeated  March 
12  and  13.  Duncan  B.  Harrison,  who  appeared  here  week  of 
March  4,  in  "The  Paymaster,"  returned  March  15,  as  Mrs.  Langtry 
had  to  retire  in  consequence  of  illness. 

J.  Charles  Davis,  business  manager  of  the  theatre,  took  a  benefit 
afternoon  of  March  14.  Louis  Aldrich,  Ida  Mulle,  Amy  Lee, 
Minnie  Palmer,  R.  A.  Roberts,  R.  B.  Mantell  and  his  "  Monbars  " 
the  Spanish  Students,  "The  Paymaster"  company,  "The  Cavalier" 
company,  Florence  Thropp,  Dot  Clarendon,  Elsie  Leslie,  W.  H. 
Gillette,  and  others  appeared.  "  The  Stowaway  "  was  seen  March  18 ; 
"  Held  by  the  Enemy  "  March  25. 

April  I  E.  H,  Sothern  came  with  "  The  Highest  Bidder."  April 
8,  the  Lyceum  Theatre  company,  in  "The  Wife."  April  15,  "The 
Cavalier,"  Henry  Lee  as  the  star.  April  22,  the  "tank  play," 
"  Lost  in  New  York."     April  29  Thomas  W.  Keene  began  an  cn- 

Bgement  in  "  Richelieu,"  and  during  the  week  was  seen  in  "  The 
erchant  of  Venice,"  "  Othello,"  "  Hamlet,"  "  Richard  III./'  and 
"Julius  Caesar.*'    The  season  closed  May  15. 

The  season  of  1889-90  opened  Aug.  17,  with  "  Myrtle  Fema," 
Mai  Ettelle  the  star.    The  cast  was: 

Emma  Myrtle  ....      Mai  Estelle 

Chick MoUie  Thompson 

Kdlth Lizzie  Emerson 

Mr».  Myrtle      ....     Kate  Estelle 

0'c;riidy Arthur  Sprague 

N«Uon  Oak  .     .     .     Frank  De  Vernon 

Larry W.  J.  Raascn 

Robert  Myrtle  .     .     .   Edwin  Mavnard 

Jake  Worth F.  R.  Butler 

Dan Andrew  Peterson 

Morgan Geo. 




**  Silver  Age  '*  was  produced  Aug.  26.    The  cast : 

Edwin  F.  Mai 

Capt  John  Caton 
Haurnr  Flint .  . 
Stephen  Wray  . 
Jamet  Parker  . 
Dan  Hyde  .  . 
Looa  Wilder     . 


Louis  HendricKS 

James  Blake 

Daniel  Ls^ 

Harry  UnderhiU 

Jennie  Williams 

Barbara  Wray 

2n^  •  • 

McCarty .  . 
BiU  .  .  . 
Tender  Foot 

.  Kittjr  Presser 
Marvin  Ashley 
J.  B.  Donovan 
Harry  PhilUps 
.    Luke  Martin 

The  Redmund-Barry  company  played  ''  Herminie "  week  com- 
mencing Sept  2, followed  Sept.  9  by  "  She;  "  Sept  16, "  Mankind ;  " 
Sept.  23,  John  A.  Stevens  in  "Wife  for  Wife;"  Sept.  30,  "Paul 
Kauvar ;  "  Oct.  7,  "  The  Suspect ;  "  its  first  New  York  production, 
and  with  this  cast: 

Duke  de  Pressles  ) 
Gaspard  Simon     > 
Lieut.  Simon        ) 
Jacques  Fanon 
Count  d'Assol 
Capt.  Louis  Robert 

.    .  Henry  Lee 

Harry  Mainhall 

.    WiUUm  Lee 

Alex.  Kearney 

Doctor  Pajol  .  . 
Gilbert  d'Arrennes 
Blanche  .  .  .  . 
Gen.  Robert  .  . 
Bonasse  .    .    .    . 

De  Loss  King 
.  Minnie  Seligman 
.  Helen  Ottolengui 
.  .  Ferd.  Hight 
Charles  BradsMW 

"  Jim  the  Penman  *'  was  produced  Oct.  14,  by  the  Madison  Square 
Theatre  company;  Oct.  21,  "  Sweet  Lavender;  "  Oct  28,  "  Captain 
Swift ; "  Nov.  4,  "  The  Paymaster ;  "  Nov.  1 1  "  Almost  a  Life  " 
had  this  cast: 

Maud  Granger 
David  Murray 

Collinet  .  . 
Mons.  Jerome 
PhiUipe  .  . 
Doumat  .  . 
Berincourt  . 
Francine .     . 

Walter  Osmond 
Louis  Miller 

.  Joseph  Daly 
W.  J.  Leonard 
J.  F.  Corrigan 

.  Dollie  Brooks 

Avisie  Doranche   .    . 
Jules  de  Bonneval 
Monsieur  Manuel 

Arthur  Falkland  Buchanan 
Count  Ernest  Claimot  J.  Clinton  Hall 
Dr.  Saumaise  .  .  .  James  Bradbury 
Countess  Melanie  Claimot 

Judith  Berrolde 

•'  Femcliff  "  was  seen  Nov.  18 ;  "A  Dark  Secret "  Nov.  25  ;  "  Fas- 
cination,'* Dec.  2;  "  The  Tourists  in  a  Pullman  Car,"  Dec.  9.  Geo. 
C.  Staley  made  his  New  York  d€but  Dec.  16,  in  "A  Royd  Pass." 
Dec.  23,  •'  Hands  Across  the  Sea ;  "  Dec.  30,  "  My  Jack  ; "  Jan.  6, 
1890,  *•  After  Dark;"  Jan.  13,  "The  Still  Alarm,"  for  two  weeks; 
Jan.  27,  "  Roger  La  Honte,"  by  the  Terriss-Millward  company ; 
Robert  Mantell  Feb.  3,  in  "  The  Corsican  Brothers ; "  Feb.  10, 
"  Mr.  Barnes  of  New  York,"  with  Emily  Rigl  in  the  cast. 

••  Held  by  the  Enemy "  company  Feb.  24,  U>lIowed  March  3  by 
Prof.  Herrmann;  March  10,  "The  Stowaway;"  March  17,  "The 
Wife ;  "  March  24.  "  The  Exiles,"  with  Ralph  Delmore,  Nestor 
Lennon,  W.  S.  Harkins,  Harry  Bradley,  Adele  Bclgarde,  Keith 
Wakeman,  and  C.  H.  Bradshaw  in  the  cast.  March  31,  "The 
Burglar;  "  April  7,  Effic  Ellsler  and  company  in  "The  Governess." 
The  cast:    Jarvis  Coulter,   Frank   Weston;    Jack  Rogers,   Orrin 

l8o      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [xsgo 

Johnson ;  Job  Monckton,  John  A.  Ellsler  ;  Adolph  Honore  Segrist, 
Paul  R.  Evcrton ;  Jimmy  Needles,  Joseph  Wheelock,  Jr. ;  Mr.  Tate, 
G.  H.  Pickman;  Mr.  Jones,  E.  Legant ;  Sam,  T.  A.  Hetley;  Mrs. 
Hamilton,  Emma  Butler;  Lenny,  Little  Rica;  Chrissy  Rogers, 
Lucille  La  Verne;  Helen  Talbot,  Pearl  Means;  Zorah  Warden, 
Effie  Ellsler. 

"  Hands  Across  the  Sea  "  April  14.  "  Guilty  Without  Crime  "  April 
21.  This  was  an  adaptation  of  "Aurora  Floyd.'*  Robert  Mantell 
appeared  April  28  in  "  Monbars,"  followed  May  5  by  "  Bootless  Baby," 
in  which  Kate  Claxton  appeared.  Mattie  Vickers  came  May  12,  in 
**  Jacquine,  or  Paste  and  Diamonds."  This  was  her  stellar  appearance 
in  New  York.  "  The  Dead  Heart,"  Walter  H.  Pollock's  revised 
version  of  Watts  Phillips'  play,  was  done  May  19  for  the  week. 
Adele  Pa)m,  a  lady  who  had  had  some  little  experience  in  acting, 
having  been  with  George  Miln,  was  the  head  and  front  of  the  spec- 
ulation. The  cast  was :  Robert  Landry,  Joseph  Wheelock ;  The 
Ahh6  La  Tour,  Henry  Aveling ;  The  Count  de  St.  Valery,  Thos.  J. 
Branick ;  Arthur  de  St.  Valery  (his  son),  Walter  Pleugh ;  Legrand, 
W.  J.  Hurley;  Toupet,  Harry  N.  Dowley;  Reboul,  J.  H.  Black; 
Michael,  Floyd  Minot;  Jean,  Edgar  S.  Mackay;  Pierre,  T.  A. 
Richards ;  Jocrisse,  J.  J.  Holland ;  Guiscard,  M.  Archer ;  A.  Smith, 
Phil.  Raynor ;  A  Crier,  Robt.  V.  Percy ;  A  Woman,  Miss  Mont- 
gomeiT ;  Cerisette,  Lizzie  May  Ulmer ;  Rose,  Stella  Bar ;  Catharine 
Duvall,  Adele  Payn.  The  week's  business  was  disastrous,  financially. 
Mr.  Wheelock  had  his  salary  of  three  hundred  dollars  deposited,  and 
was  secure.  May  26,  "  One  of  the  Bravest;"  June  2,  Frank  Mayo 
opened  in  "  Nordeck,"  and  during  the  week  played  "  Davy  Crock- 
ett." "The  Paymaster"  followed  June  9,  for  one  week,  and  the 
company  gave  a  performance  June  16  for  the  benefit  of  Duncan  B. 

The  next  season  (1890-91)  opened  Aug.  18  with  "Eugteie  Lc 
Tour."  The  cast :  Pierre  Lc  Tour,  Elmer  Grand  in ;  Louis  Romaine, 
J.  T.  Burke;  Maurice  de  Franco,  Myron  Leffingwell;  Count  dc 
Trevillc,  Chas.  Mortimer ;  Victor  Le  Croix,  Martin  Hayden ;  Paul 
Bazinne,  Thomas  McGrath ;  M.  Gilberte,  E.  D.  Tannehill ;  Lucette 
Le  Croix,  Marion  A.  Earle;  Mme.  Roche,  Mrs.  May  N.  Drew; 
Alline  Regey,  Louise  Van  Linden ;  Nannine,  Marie  Monck ;  Eugenie 
Le  Tour,  Eva  Montford. 

Wm.  Redmund  opened  Aug.  25  in  ''Herminie,"  followed  Sept  i 
by  "  The  Bottom  of  the  Sea."    The  cast : 

Orderly  for  the  Court .  W.  S.  Wemthers 
Madame  le  Bran  .  .  .  Rita  O'Neill 
Madame  de  Sartene  .  Belle  Douglass 
James  Norton    .     .     .     David  Murray 

Boatswain J.  W.  Sibler 

Emile  le  Bran  ....  Lillian  Lee 
Denizette      ....      Fanny  Cohen 

Alexii  Banalli    .     George  W.  Baraum 
Henri  de  Sartene    .    .  Adolph  Jackson 

Ernest  le  Bran  . 
Barney  Doyle 
Admiral  de  Give 
Captain  le  Clair  . 
Gibson,  first  officer 

J.  H.  Fitzpatrick 

Eugene  0*Rourke 

.  Frederick  Starr 

B.  J.  Murphy 

.    James  Bernard 

11^3  THE  PEOPLE'S  THEATRE  l8l 

J.  K.  Emmet  commenced  Sept.  8  in  ''  Uncle  Joe/'  followed  Sept. 
15  by  "An  Irish  Arab;"  Sept.  22,  John  A.  Stevens  in  "Wife  for 
Wife;"  Sept.  29,  "Paul  Kauvar;"  Oct.  6,  "The  Governess;"  Oct. 
13,  -My  Jack;"  Oct.  20,  "One  of  the  Bravest;"  Oct.  27,  Oliver 
Doud  Byron  in  *'  The  Plunger."  Nov.  3,  Hallen  and  Hart  came  in 
"  Later  On;  "  Nov.  10,  "  Mask  of  Life;"  Nov.  17,  "Hands  Across 
the  Sea;"  Nov.  24.  M.  B.  Curtis  and  "The  Shatchcn;"  Dec.  i, 
Kate  Claxton  in  "  The  Two  Orphans ; "  Dec.  8  Cora  Tanner  pro- 
duced "  The  Refugee's  Daughter  "  for  the  first  time  in  this  city  under 
that  title,  it  having  previously  been  acted  by  Clara  Morris  under  the 
tide  of  "  Helene." 

Amy  Lee  was  seen  Dec.  1 5  in  "  The  Clipper/'  with  Rose  Watkins  as 
Mother  Ridlaw ;  "  Money  Mad  "  came  Dec.  22  for  two  weeks ;  "  A 
Dark  Secret"  was  done  Jan.  5,  1891 ;  "Mankind"  Jan.  12;  "Mr. 
Barnes  of  New  York  "  Jan.  19 ;  Effie  Ellsler  Jan.  26  in  "  Hazel  Kirke," 
with  Charles  W.  Couldock  in  the  cast ;  "  After  Dark  "  Feb.  2 ;  Min- 
nie Palmer  Feb.  9.  in  "  A  Mile  A  Minute ;  "  "  StUl  Alarm  "  Feb.  16 ; 
"The  Inspector"  Feb.  23;  "Clemenceau  Case"  March  2;  Prof. 
Alex.  Herrmann,  magician,  March  9;  Kate  Claxton  March  16,  in 
••  A  Woman's  Glory ; "  "  The  Burglar  "  March  23 ;  Robert  Mantell 
March  30,  in  "The  Marble  Heart,"  repeated  March  31  and  mating 
April  I ;  "  Monbars "  and  the  "  Corsican  Brothers "  filled  out  the 
week.  J.  K.  Emmet  came  April  6,  in  "  Uncle  Joe  ; "  "  Bottom  of 
the  Sea"  April  13 ;  "Ticket  of  Leave  Man  "  April  20,  with  Joseph 
Wheelock  as  Bob  Brierly ;  W.  J.  Scanlan  was  seen  in  "  Myles  Aroon  " 
April  27  ;  "  The  Witch  "  came  May  4,  for  the  first  time  to  this  city ; 
Jane  Coombs  appeared  May  11,  in  "Bleak  House;  "  "  Kidnapped" 
came  May  18  for  two  weeks,  and  the  season  closed  May  30. 

The  house  reopened  Aug.  15,  1891 ,  with  "  Fabio  Romani ; "  Agnes 
Hemdon  was  seen  Aug.  24  in  "  La  Belle  Marie ; "  "  Through  by 
Daylight  "  Aug.  31,  with  James  M.  Ward  as  the  star;  "  Danger  Sig- 
nal "  Sept.  7.  This  play  was  previously  known  as  "  The  Main  Line." 
Eva  Montford  came  Sept.  14  in  "East  Lynne;"  John  A.  Stevens 
Sept.  21  in  "  Unknown ;  "  "  Paul  Kauvar  "  Sept.  28 ;  "  Patrol "  Oct 
5  ;  Cora  Tanner  Oct.  12,  in  "  Will  She  Divorce  Him  ? "  "  My  Jack  - 
Oct  19;  "A  Fair  Rebel  "  Oct.  26 ;  Hallen  and  Hart,  with  "  Later 
On,"  Nov.  2 ;  "  One  of  the  Bravest "  Nov.  9 ;  Oliver  Doud  Byron 
Nov.  16,  in  "The  Plunger;"  "Jack  Royal  of  the  92,"  with  Harry 
I^acy  as  the  star,  Nov.  23 ;  Carroll  Johnson  Nov.  30,  in  the  "  Gos- 
soon." Clara  Morris  appeared  in  "  Odette  "  Dec.  7 ;  "  Power  of  the 
Press  "  came  Dec.  14  for  two  weeks  ;  "  After  Dark  "  was  done  Dec. 
28,  in  the  fourth  act  of  which  James  J.  Corbett,  the  pugilist,  appeared. 
-A  Royal  Pass"  was  given  Jan.  4,  1892;  Robert  L.  Downing  Jan. 
1 1,  also  matinee  and  night  of  Jan.  16  in  the  "  Gladiator  ;**  *•  Taming 
of  the  Shrew  "  and  "  French  Marriage  "  (first  time  in  this  city)  mat- 
inee Jan.  13 ;  "  Virginius  "  night  of  Jan.  13 ;  "  Damon  and  Pythias  " 

1 82      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       CxSgj 

Jan.  14;  ''Julius  Caesar/'  Jan.  15.  Robert  Mantell  came  Jan.  iSpin 
"  The  Louisianian ;  "  Effie  EUsler  Jan.  25,  in  "  Hazel  Kirke,"  C.  W. 
Couldock  as  Dunstan ;  "  Mr.  Barnes  of  New  York  "  Feb.  i  ;  Joseph 
Murphy  Feb.  8,  in  "  The  Donogh "  for  three  nights,  and  "  Kerry 
Gow"  the  balance  of  the  week  ;  Kate  Claxton  Feb.  15,  in  "Two 
Orphans ; "  "  Eight  Bells  "  Feb.  22  ;  "  Still  Alarm  "  Feb.  29 ;  "  The 
Bells "  March  7,  with  Joseph  Haworth  as  the  star ;  "  Jack  Royal " 
March  14 ;  Katie  Emmett  March  2 1,  in  "  The  Waifs ;  "  "  Clemenceau 
Case  "  March  28 ;  "A  Midnight  Alarm  "  April  4,  for  the  first  time 
in  New  York ;  Prof.  Alex.  Herrmann  was  seen  April  1 1 ;  Evans  and 
Hoey  came  April  18,  in  "  A  Parlor  Match ;  "  "  Kidnapped  "  April  25 ; 
"  Dangers  of  a  Great  City  "  May  2 ;  "  The  Colleen  "  May  9 ;  Mattie 
Vickers  May  16,  in  "  Edelweiss ;  "  "  Irish  Inspiration  "  was  seen  for 
the  first  time  on  any  stage  May  23.  The  season  closed  June  4  with 
"  The  House  on  the  Marsh." 

The  next  season  began  August  13,  1892,  with  "  Fabio  Romani ;  " 
Sadie  Scanlan  was  seen  Aug.  22,  in  "  Nora  Machrce; "  "  The  Ven- 
detta "  Aug.  29 ;  "  Police  Patrol "  Sept.  5 ;  "  Paul  Kauvar  "  Sept  12 ; 
Eva  Montford,  in  "  East  Lynne/'  Sept.  19 ;  "  Larry  the  Lord  "  Sept. 
26,  with  R.  E.  Graham  as  the  star ;  "  Wide,  Wide  World  "  Oct.  3 ; 
"My  Jack"  Oct.  10;  "Power  of  the  Press"  Oct.  17;  Carroll  John- 
son Oct.  24,  in  "The  Gossoon;"  "The  Black  Detective"  Oct.  31, 
with  Wash  Melville  as  the  star ;  Oliver  Doud  Byron  Nov.  7  in  "Across 
the  Continent ;  "  "Fire  Patrol  "Nov.  14;  "Gentleman  Jack  "Nov. 
21,  with  James  J.  Corbett,  the  pugilist,  as  the  star.  "  The  Power  of 
Gold"  was  given  Nov.  28  for  the  first  time  in  America.  It  was 
originally  entitled  "  Man  to  Man."  "  Danger  Signal "  came  Dec  5 ; 
"The  Silver  King"  Dec.  12;  Evans  and  Hoey  Dec.  19;  "White 
Squadron  "  Dec.  26 ;  "  Eight  Bells "  opened  with  the  matin6e  of 
Jan.  2,  1893.  "At  the  Carnival"  came  Jan.  9,  for  the  first  time  in 
New  York.  It  was  originally  called  "Beatrice."  "The  Span  of 
Life"  was  seen  Jan.  16,  for  the  first  time  in  New  York.  It  was 
originally  acted  in  America  at  Philadelphia  the  week  previous. 
"  Hazel  Kirke"  came  Jan.  23  with  Effie  Ellsler  and  C.  W.  Couldock 
in  the  cast.  "  Midnight  Bell "  Jan.  30.  "  Across  the  Potomac " 
Feb.  6;  "Flag  of  Truce"  Feb.  13;  "Blue  Jeans"  Feb.  20;  "A 
Night  at  the  Circus  "  Feb.  27,  with  Nellie  McHenry  as  the  star. 
"  lUUarney  "  came  March  6,  with  Katie  Emmett  as  the  star.  "  Sport 
McAllister"  was  done  March  13;  "Power  of  Gold"  March  20; 
"Operator"  March  27,  the  Newell  Brothers  as  the  stars.  "  Ma- 
vourneen"  was  seen  April  3,  with  Chauncey  Olcott  as  the  star. 
"The  Planter's  Wife"  came  April  10;  John  T.  Kelly  April  17,  in 
"  McFee  of  Dublin."  "  Jane,"  preceded  by  "  Chums,"  was  seen  April 
24,  with  Johnstone  Bennett  as  the  star.  Vernona  Jarbeau  appeared 
May  I  in  "  Starlight."  "  Lost  Paradise "  May  8 ;  "  Belle  Marie " 
May  15,  with  Agnes  Herndon  as  the  star.     "  A  Girl  with  a  Temper  " 




was  given  May  17,  for  the  first  time  in  this  city.  "  My  Colleen" 
came  May  22 ;  "  Uncle  Tom's  Cabin  "  May  29 ;  and  the  season  closed 
June  3. 

The  next  season  began  Aug.  12,  with  Milton  Nobles  in  "The 
Phcenix."  "  The  Silver  King  "  was  seen  Aug.  21 :  "  McFee  of  Dub- 
lin" Aug.  28;  "Eight  Bells"  Sept.  4;  "Old  Kentucky "  Sept.  11; 
"  Power  of  Gold  "  Sept.  18 ;  "  Mavoumeen  "  Sept.  25  ;  "  Blue  Jeans  " 
Oct.  2 ;  "  Across  the  Potomac  "  Oct.  9 ;  "  Power  of  the  Press  "  Oct. 
16;  "  Lost  Paradise"  Oct.  23 ;  "Ensign"  Oct.  30;  Hallen  and  Hart  in 
"  The  New  Idea  "  Nov.  6 ;  "  The  White  Squadron  "  Nov.  13 ;  "  Police 
Patrol"  Nov.  20;  "  Span  of  Life"  Nov.  27;  "  Flag  of  Truce''  Dec. 
4;  "A  Nutmeg  Match"  Dec.  11;  "Struggle  of  Life"  Dec.  18; 
**  Patent  Applied  For"  Dec.  25  ;  " New  South  "  Jan.  i,  1894;  Oliver 
Doud  Byron  Jan.  8,  in  "  The  Hero  of  Africa."  In  England  this  play 
-was  called  "The  Dark  Continent."     Effie  Ellsler  came  Jan.  15,  in 

"Doris."     Gus  Hegee  Jan.  22,  in  "  Yon  Yonson ;  "  "  District  Fair  " 
Jan. 29 ;  "My  Jack "  Feb.  5 ;  " Paul  Kauvar " Feb.  12 ;  J.  K.  Emmet 

Pcb.  19,  in  "Fritz;  "  "Blue  Grass"  Feb.  26,  with  this  cast: 

l^ary  Brand  .  .  .  Mrs.  Cyril  Norman 
John  Brand  ....  R.  A.  Roberts 
Col.  Nicholas  Decatur  Joseph  Brennan 
Louis  Berthelot .  .  .  Emmett  C.  King 
)•  Fitzdarence  Jones  .  (Albert  Roberts 
Hercules John  Watson 

Sheriff  Brown  .  .  .  .  J.  H.  Ready 
Deputy  Jim  ....  H.  A.  Morton 
Mrs.  violet  Raymond 

Florence  Ashbrooke 
Lydia  Brand  .  .  .  Gerome  Edwardy 
Aunt  Dinah  .     .     .  Polly  Poland  King 

March  5,  Jennie  Yeamans  was  the  star;  "  Poor  Girls"  was  seen 
March  12.  Henry  Chanfrau  March  19,  in  "Kit;"  "Lady  Win- 
dermere's Fan "  March  16 ;  "A  Man  Among  Men "  March  23 ; 
"  Hoodman  Blind  "  March  30,  with  Frederick  de  Belleville,  as  the 
•tar.  "  The  Rising  Generation  "  came  May  7.  The  theatre  was 
dosed  May  11  and  12,  owing  to  the  death  of  Mrs.  Henry  Miner. 
"The  Diamond  Breaker"  was  given  May  14;  **  Midnight  Alarm  " 
May  21.     The  season  closed  May  26. 

The  next  season  began  August  20  with  "  Derby  Mascot "  for  the 
first  time  in  this  city.  "  Men  and  Women  "  was  played  Aug.  27 ; 
"The  Limited  Mail"  Sept.  3.  " Fantasma"  Sept.  10;  J.  K.  Emmet, 
KScpt.  17,  in  "Fritz  in  a  Madhouse;  "  "Silver  King"  Sept  24; 
Florence  Bindley  Oct.  i,  in  "The  Captain's  Mate;  "  "The  Girl  I 
Left  Behind  Me"  Oct  8;  "A  Ride  for  Life"  Oct  15;  "Steve" 
Brodie  appeared  Oct  22,  in  "On  the  Bowery;"  "Struck  Oil"  was 
done  with  this  cast  Oct.  29 : 

John   Stofel,  Al.  H.  Wilson;  Lizzie   Stofel,  Jane   Stuart;    Mrs. 

Susan  Stofel,  Emma   Maddern   Stevens;    Eben   Skinner,  William 

Herbert;    Flynn,   Greorge   M.   Brennan;   William   Pearson,  Milton 

Lipman.     Hallen  and  Hart  came  Nov.  5  in  "  Later  On ;  "  Primrose 

and  West's  minstrels  Nov.   12;    "Paul  Kauvar"  Nov.  19;   "Rose- 


184      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       CxSge 

dale"  Nov.  26,  with  Joseph  S.  Haworth  as  Elliot  Grey;  Isabellc 
Evesson,  Rosa  Leigh  ;  Louis  Foy,  Bunbeny  Kobb ;  Charles  Abbott, 
Miles   McKenna ;    and   Charles  B.   Hantord  as   Matthew  Leigh. 

Old  Glory  "  was  seen  Dec.  3  ;  "The  Rising  Generation  "  Dec.  10; 

In  the  Tenderloin  "  Dec.  17 ;  "  Man  without  a  Country"  Dec.  24 ; 
Chauncey  Olcott  Dec.  3 1,  in  "  The  Irish  Artist ; "  "  Darkest  Russia  " 
Jan.  7,  1895 ;  Effie  EUsler  Jan.  14,  in  "  Doris ; "  "  Shaft  No.  2."  Jan. 
21 ;  "  Power  of  the  Press  "  Jan.  28 ;  "On  the  Mississippi,"  Feb.  4. 

Oliver  Doud  Byron  was  seen  Feb.  ii»  in  "  Ups  and  Downs  of 
Life ; "  "  Yon  Yonson  "  came  Feb.  18  ;  "  Rush  City"  Feb.  25  ;  "  On 
the  Bowery  "  with  Steve  Brodie  as  the  star,  March  4 ;  "  Charley's 
Aunt  "  March  11 ;  "  Cross  Roads  of  Life"  March  18,  with  Edmund 
Collier  as  the  star.  "The  Cotton  King"  came  March  25,  "Spider 
and  the  Fly  "  April  i ;  "  Friends  "  April  8 ;  "  Police  Inspector " 
April  15 ;  "  Fallen  Among  Thieves  "  April  22,  for  the  first  time  in 
America,  with  Andrew  Robson,  Edward  Maynard,  John  Bonnelli, 
John  Gourlay,  Margaret  Feeley,  Lillian  Lamson,  Nina  Freith,  and 
Nellie  Sheldon  in  the  cast.  Walter  Kennedy  the  "  strong  man  "  first 
appeared  on  the  stage  as  an  actor  April  29,  in  "  Samson."  "  Special 
Delivery"  came  May  6;  Mme.  Janauschek  appeared  with  Kate 
Claxton  in  "  The  Two  Orphans  "  May  13  ;  "  Two  Sisters  "  were  seen 
May  20 ;  Agnes  Herndon,  May  27,  in  "  La  Belle  Marie ; "  "  Logan's 
Luck"  was  done  June  3,  first  time  on  any  stage.  The  season  closed 
June  8. 

The  next  season  began  Aug.  10,  with  Walter  Lawrence  in 
"  Fabio  Romani;"  "The  Engineer"  was  seen  Aug.  19;  "The 
Great  Brooklyn  Handicap  "  Aug.  26 ;  "  Span  of  Life  "  Sept  2 ; 
"  Captain  Paul "  Sept.  9 ;  "  White  Rat  "  Sept.  16  ;  "  Land  of  the 
Living  "  Sept.  23  ;  "  Slaves  of  Gold  "  Sept.  30  ;  "  Humanity  "  Oct.  7 ; 
"Ride  for  Life,"  Oct.  14;  "  Struggle  of  Life,"  Oct.  21 ;  "  Sons  of 
the  Night"  Oct.  28;  "In  a  Big  City"  was  seen  Nov.  4,  with 
"Bobby"  Gayler  as  the  star.  Florence  Bindley  came  Nov.  11,  in 
"The  Captain's  Mate;  "  Oliver  Doud  Byron  Nov.  18,  in  "  Ups  and 
Downs  of  Life ;  "  "  Old  Glory  "  Nov.  25  ;  "  The  Man-of-War's-Man  " 
Dec.  2;  "Eight  Bells"  Dec.  9;  "Galley  Slave"  Dec.  16;  Joseph 
Callahan  in  "  Faust "  Dec.  23 ;  "  Human  Hearts  "  (previously  called 
"  Logan's  Luck  ")  was  done  Nov.  30 ;  "  The  Cotton  King  "  Jan.  6, 
1896.  "A  Romance  of  Coon  Hollow"  was  produced  Jan.  13,  with 
Lizzie  Evans  as  the  star.  "In  sight  of  St  Paul's"  came  Jan.  20; 
"  Down  on  the  Suawanee  River  "  Jan.  27 ;  "  Bonnie  Scotland  "  Feb_ 
3;  "On  the  Bowery  "Feb.  10;  "Saved  from  the  Sea"  Feb.  17; 
•*  Arm  of  the  Law"  Feb.  24;  "  Silver  King"  March  2  ;  "  Tornado*" 
March  9;  "A  Trip  to  Chinatown"  March  16;  A.  H.  Sheldoi^ 
retired  from  the  business  management  of  this  theatre  March 
and  Thomas  W.  Miner  succeeded  him  on  that  date.  "  Dark 
Russia "  was  seen   March  23 ;  Prof.  Herrmann  came   March  30 






*'  Lion's  Heart "  April  6,  with  Carl  Haswin  as  the  star.  «'  The 
Trolley  Party  "  came  April  13 ;  "  The  Diamond  Breaker  "  April  20; 
"The  White  Slave"  April  27;  "Land  of  the  Midnight  Sun" 
May  4.  **  The  World  Against  Her "  May  1 1 ;  and  the  season 
closed  May  16. 

The  next  season  began  Sept.  $,  with  "Saved  from  the  Sea; 
"Sidewalks  of  New  York"  was  seen  Sept.  14;  "  Human  Hearts 
Sept.  21]   "A  Happy  Little   Home"  Sept.  28;  "Land  of  the 
Living"  Oct.  5;   "  Hogan's  Alley"  Oct.  12;  "The  Great  Train 
Robbery  "  Oct.  19;  "  A  Temperance  Town  "  Oct.  26;  "  The  Great 
Northwest "  Nov.  2 ;  "  Nihilists  "  Nov.  9,  for  the  d6but  in  this  city 
of  Theo  Kremer  the  author.    "  Fatal  Card  "  Nov.  16 ;  "  Turn  of  the 
Tide"  Nov.  23,  with  Oliver  Doud  Byron  as  the  star;  "Down  in 
Dixie  "  Nov.  30 ;  "  A  Bowery  Giri  "  Dec.  7 ;  "  When  London  Sleeps  " 
Dec.  14;  "Darkest  America"  Dea  21;  "Under  the  Polar  Star" 
Dec.  28;  "  Fatal  City  "  Jan.  4,  i897»  for  the  first  time  on  any  stage 
with  George  C.  Bonirace,  Sen. ;  George  M.  Kidder,  Geo.  A.  D.  John- 
son ;  Charles  Charters,  Lillian  Harper,  and  Adelaide  Fitz  Allen  in 
the  cast.    " The  Power  of  the  Press "  was  seen  Jan.  11;  "On  the 
Bowery  "  Jan  18  ;  "  Sporting  Duchess  "  Jan.  25 ;  "A  Night  in  New 
York"  Feb.  i,  with   Nelly  McHenry  as  the  star;   "The  Span  of 
Life"  came  Feb.  8;  "  Midnight  Bell"  Feb.  15;  "  Eight  Bells"  Feb. 
22 ;  "  Fallen  Among  Thieves  "  March  i ;  "A  Boy  Wanted  "  March 
8;  "  Brother  for  Brother  "  March  15  ;  Maggie  Cline  in  *•  On  Broad- 
way" March  22  ;  Edward  Harrigan,  March  29,  in  "  Old  Lavender;  " 
''Superba"  April  5;  "Hogan's  Alley,"  April  12;  and  the  season 
dosed  April  17. 

The  next  season  began  Aug.  16,  1897,  with  A.  H.  Sheldon  as 
lessee  and  manager.  "  Fabio  Romani "  was  the  opening  attraction, 
with  Aiden  Benedict  in  the  title  r61e.  "  Side  Tracked  "  was  done 
Aug.  23  ;  "  New  York  Day  by  Day  "  Aug.  30 ;  "  The  Indian  "  Sept. 
6,  with  Al  Lipman  as  the  star.  "  The  Great  Train  Robbery  "  came 
Sept.  13;  Katie  Emmett  Sept.  20  in  "Waifs  of  New  York;" 
**McFadden*s  Row  of  Flats"  Sept.  27;  "The  Sidewalks  of  New 
York"  Oct.  4  ;  "  Coon  Hollow  "  Oct.  11 ;  "The  Burglar"  Oct.  18; 
Oliver  Doud  Byron  Oct.  25  in  "  The  Plunger  " ;  Lillian  Lewis  Nov.  i 
in  "  For  Liberty  and  Love."  "  Old  Money  Bags  "  Nov.  8 ;  "  Always 
on  Time"  Nov.  15  with  this  cast: 

J>ick  Sturdy  .  .  .  .  W.  R.  Walters 
2*diH!y  Cuthbcrt  .  .  Taylor  Carroll 
}!*rsoo  Dwight  .  .  .  .  J.  S.  Stewart 
i»ni  Saw^•e^  ....  William  Turner 
}-*rrv  Sullivan  .  .  .  .  C.  Jay  Smith 
J*ck  Davis     ....  Mac  M.  Harnes 

**  Cherry  Pickers  "  Nov.  22  ;  *'  A  Guilty  Mother"  Nov.  29 ;  **  Made- 
nnc  of  Fort  Reno,"  with  Adelaide  Fiu  Allen  as  the  star.  Dec.  6. 

Ned  Ballard  .  .  .  Daniel  F.  McCoy 
Ling  Ling  ....  W.  H.  St.  James 
Helle  Cuthbert  Laura  Dacre  St.  James 
Miss  Abigail  Prince  .  Minnie  Wilson 
Nell Anna  Little 

1 86      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       DV 

Charles  Leonard  Fletcher  was  seen  Dec.  13,  in  "Dr.  Jekyl  and  Mr. 
Hyde  ; "  a  pantomime  show  Dec  20 ;  "  The  Fast  Mail "  Dec.  27 ; 
"  Shannon  of  the  Sixth  "  Jan.  3,  1898  ;  "  Heart  of  Chicago  "  Jan.  10; 
"  Humanity  "  Jan.  17;  "The  Tornado  "Jan.  24;  W.  S.  Hart,  Jan. 
31  in  "  The  Man  with  the  Iron  Mask  ; "  Leon  and  Adelaide  Herrmann, 
magicians,  Feb.  7;  "  A  Parisian  Romance,"  also  "The  Violin  Maker 
of  Cremona"  Feb.  14,  with  Charles  Fletcher  as  the  star.  ''The 
Last  Stroke  "  was  given  Feb.  21;  "A  Midnight  Trust "  Feb.  28 ; 
Rachel  Rcnard  in  "  Leah  "  March  7 ;  "  Tennessee's  Pardner  "  March 
14;  "  The  Inside  Track  "  March  21 ;  the  Indian  actress  Go-won-Go- 
Mohawk,  came  in  a  play,  with  her  own  name  March  28 ;  Creston 
Clarke  April  4,  in  "  The  Last  of  His  Race  "  by  Creston  Clarke : 

Prince  Okolski  > 
IvanOkolski     j      '     ' 
Father  Antoine  Pascal 
Nicolai  Karacheff 
Doctor  Dimitri   . 
Vassal!  Dromiroff 
Niclovitch      .     . 
Petroff.     .     .     . 
Lucien  de  Veauiour 
Emile  de  la  Fallaise 

Creston  Clarke 

.  John  Carter 
G.  D.  Parker 

J.  J.  Sambrook 

R.  Burton 

.  P.  S.  Barratt 

L.  D.  Wharton 
.  W.  Percival 
G.  Eversleigh 

Baron  de  Floriac     .     .     .     L.  B.  Grey 

Baptiste W.  Chessman 

P61 C.  Yorkc 

Oovis Alice  Gale 

Madelon Lucy  Stone 

Melanie  de  Beaulieu,  Jessie  M.  Fisher 
Louise  de  St.  Cyr  .  .  Bessie  Gattlin 
Comtesse  de  Champcey  .  Edith  Gale 
Marie  de  Neuville  .     .  Adelaide  Prince 

"  The  Westerner  "  April  11;"  Cruiskeen  Lawn  "  April  18  ;  "  Gettys- 
burg "  April  25  ;  Jessie  Mac  Hall  appeared  May  2,  in  **  Princess  of 
Patches  "  by  Mark  Swan  ;  *'  At  Fort  Bliss  "  May  9  ;  "  A  Spy  of 
Spain  "  May  17,  by  Willis  Arden  ;  **  A  Union  Soldier  "  May  23,  by 
David  Higgins.  This  was  the  old  play  of  "  Burr  Oaks  "  with  a  new 
title.  The  "  Cuban^s  Vendetta  "  came  May  30 ;  "  Shadows  of  the 
Past/'  an  adaptation  of  Mark  Twain's  "  Tom  Sawyer,"  June  6.  The 
season  closed  June  11. 

The  next  season  began  August  15,  with  **The  Midnight  Flood;'" 
Gettysburg  "  August  22 ;  "  The  Light  on  the  Point "  Aug.  29 ; 
McSorley's  Twins"  Sept.  5;  "A  Factory  Waif"  Sept.  12;  "A 
Daughter  of  Cuba"  Sept.  19,  by  Jean  Mawson,  "Killarney  and  the 
Rhine"  Sept.  26;  "Cuba's  Vow"  Oct.  3;  "The  Secret  Enemy '* 
Oct.  10;  "Down  on  the  Farm"  Oct  17;  "The  Sleeping  City,"  by 
Octavius  Cohen,  Oct.  24  with  this  cast : 



Jack  Morton  .     . 
Lou  Morton   .     . 
Charles  Creston  . 
Bill  Wattles  .     . 
Michael  Mulcahey 
Fritz  Dinkewinkle 
Sam  Harris     .     . 
Doctor  Gnibb 

.   Rogers  Barker 

.Lester  A.  Davis 

Randolph  Murray 

George  T.  Meecn 

.  James  F.  Casey 

.    Fred  Mendoza 

.  J.  B.  Boardman 

Frank  A.  Auburne 

.   Edward  Hurly 

The  Whistling  Comedian 

Harry  F.  Winsman 

Foxey E.  F.  Taboi 

Slim George  Flint 

Ethel  Baintree  .  .  Lazette  Du  Brock 
Cora  Creston  .  .  Florence  Courtney 
Widow  Riley  .  .  Maggie  Le  Claii 
Maggie  Riley      ....     Belle  Gold 



«ia«3  PALACE  GARDEN  187 

^ '  A  Celebrated  Case ''  with  Maja  Spencer  (May  Nunez)  as  Madeline 
smd  Adrienne  Oct.  31 ;  "The  Wheel  of  Fortune"  was  seen  Nov.  7; 
•'  Tom  Edison  the  Electrician  "  Nov.  14 ;  "  John  Martin's  Secret 
Hcv.  21;"  Tempest  Tossed  "  Nov.  28  ;  "  The  Two  Wanderers,"  by 
"Wm.  H.  Rightmire,  Dec.  5  ;  "Under  the  Dome"  Dec.  12;  "  Chain 
^  Destiny  "  Dec.  19 ;  a  new  version  of  "  The  Courier  of  Lyons. 
'*  Remember  the  Maine  "  was  done  Dec.  26  ;  "  When  London  Sleeps 
Jan.  2,  1899;  Jos.  Callahan  came  in  ^' Faust "  Jan.  9;  "Chattanoo- 
ga "  Jan.  16 ;  "  The  Shadow  Detective  "  Jan.  23  ; "  The  Heart  of  Chi- 
cago  "  Jan.  30 ;  "  Knobs  of  Tennessee  "  Feb.  6  ;  "  Land  of  the  Living  " 
Feb.  13 ;"  On  the  Wabash  "  Feb.  20 ;  "  The  Dawn  of  Freedom,"  Feb. 
27 ;  "  The  Victorian  Cross  "  March  6 ;  "  A  High-bom  Lady  "  March 
13;  "  The  World  Against  Her"  March  20;  "Outcasts  of  a  Great 
City  "  March  27 ;  J.  E.  Toole,  in  "  Rip  Van  Winkle  "  April  3  ;  Murray 
and  Mack  in  "  Finnigan's  400  "  April  10  ;  "  Kidnapped  "  April  17 ; 
••  The  Burglar  "  April  24 ;  "  An  American  Hero  "  May  i  ;  "  Police  In- 
spector" May  8.    The  season  closed  May  13.    The  house  reopened 
Sunday  night,  Aug.  6,   1899,  under  the  management  of  Messrs. 
Adler,  Edelstein,  and  Thomasch  as  a  Hebrew  theatre,  and  it  con- 
tinues as  such  up  to  the  present  date. 


A  FAMOUS  place  of  amusement  forty-odd  years  ago  was  the 
"  Palace  Garden."  It  was  situated  on  the  north  side  of 
Fourteenth  Street,  between  Sixth  and  Seventh  avenues  on  the  site 
now  occupied  by  the  22d  Regiment  Armory,  adjoining  the  lot  in 
vhich  the  Fourteenth  Street  theatre  is  built.  It  was  fitted  up  and 
opened  July  i,  1858,  as  a  promenade  garden.  Miscellaneous  con- 
certs were  given  nightly,  and  occasionally  there  was  a  display  of 
fireworks.  De  Forrest  &  Teesdale  were  proprietors.  Thomas 
Baker  had  a  large  orchestra,  and  the  establishment  was  popular  in 
tbe  summer  months.  Thomas  Baker  took  his  first  benefit  in 
America  here  Aug.  24.  Carl  Formes  and  several  other  singers 
appeared.  During  the  summer  months  C.  V.  De  Forrest  was  the 
Manager,  and  concerts  were  given.  Carl  Bergpnan,  Harvey  Dod- 
^orth,  and  G.  F.  Bristow  were  the  musical  directors.  J.  Van  Am- 
^Tgh  &  Co's  menagerie  was  on  exhibition  Nov.  21.  The  Holman 
Opera  company  commenced  Aug.  27,  i860. 

Miscellaneous  concerts  and  various  entertainments  were  given 
^uring  the  season  of  1860-61.  From  this  building  down  to  and 
including  the  Fourteenth  Street  theatre,  was  an  open  lot,  running 
through  to  Fifteenth  Street.  Early  in  the  summer  of  1862,  Mr. 
P«  Forrest  leased  the  entire  property  for  the  purpose  of  converting 
It  into  a  summer  resort  similar  to  the  Cremome  Gardens,  London 

1 88      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       CxWi 

Commencing  at  the  lot  nearest  to  Sixth  Avenue  was  a  canvas  top, 
beneath  which  a  regular  equestrian  performance  was  given  ;  adjoining, 
to  the  west^  was  a  fantastic  edifice,  called  Floral  Hall,  furnished  with 
trees,  flowers,  and  shrubbery.  The  main  garden  itself  was  rich  in 
flower-pots,  fountains,  statuary,  pleasant  waJks,  and  tables  and  rustic 
chairs  for  the  convenience  of  those  who  wished  to  revel  in  ices, 
creams,  and  refreshments,  but  no  intoxicating  drinks  were  permitted 
on  the  premises. 


THE  Grarden  was  open  at  7.30  every  evening,  and  the  enter- 
tainment commenced  with  a  performance  of  about  one  and 
a  half  hours  in  the  Palace  of  Music.  This  consisted  of  a  pantomime, 
ballet,  opera,  or  concert,  a  change  being  made  every  week.  Then  the 
visitor  took  a  promenade  in  the  Garden,  and  listened  to  the  music 
of  Baker's  orchestra,  or  partook  of  some  refreshments ;  after  about 
thirty  minutes'  concert,  they  repaired  to  Floral  Hall,  after  which  the 
equestrian  performances  of  about  one  and  one  half  hours  took  place. 
Frequently  a  brilliant  display  of  fireworks  was  given  at  the  close. 
The  following  is  a  copy  of  the  opening  programme: 

Manager,  James  M.  Nixon ;  business  manager,  Col.  T.  Allston  Brown. 

A  beautiful  Chinese  Pagoda  adorns  the  centre,  and  the  rear  of  the  spacious 
area  is  ornamented  with  a  magnificent  Japanese  tower  scene ;  beyond  which  is 
the  Turkish  Pavilion,  under  which  will  be  given,  every  afternoon  and  evening, 
equestrian  performances.  First  afternoon  opening  on  Wednesday,  June  9,  iS& 
and  then  every  afternoon  and  evening,  except  Sunday,  during  the  season.  The 
miniature  men,  Com.  Foote  and  Col.  Small. 

The  musical  department  under  the  direction  of  Thomas  Baker.  The  stage 
entertainments  will  consist  of  opera,  ballet,  and  pantomime,  for  which  the  b^« 
artists  in  the  country  have  been  eneaeed.  The  opera  will  be  led  by  Carlotts 
Patti.  The  ballet  will  be  led  by  Isabel  Cubas.  In  the  operatic  department  ar> 
already  engaged:  Carlotta  Patti,  Sip;.  Sbriglia,  Mme.  Strakosch,  Sig.  Ardavanl 
and  many  others,  under  the  direction  of  Sig.  DeDreuil.  For  the  ballet,  ther" 
will  be,  at  present,  Signorita  Cubas,  Sig.  Ximmes,  Carolina  Theleur.  The  Palac:: 
of  Music  will  be  open  for  evening  performances  at  7>^  p.  m.,  Mr.  Baker  leading 
promenade  concert.  The  opera  and  ballet  will  be  given  at  8  o'clock,  after  whic' 
the  concerts  in  the  Cremorne  Gardens  and  equestrian  performances  in  tb 
Turkish  Pavilion.  Admission  to  Palace  of  Music,  Cremorne  Gardens,  an* 
Equestrian  School,  25cts.  only;  reserved  armchairs  in  Palace  of  Music,  25Ctfl 
extra;  orchestra  armchairs,  25  cts.  extra. 

Harvey  Dodworth  led  the  orchestra  here  Aug.  23.  Severs 
representatives  of  the  Iroquois  Indians  gave  exhibitions  in  dancing 
Aug.  30.  Nixon  &  Kemp's  Equestrian  troupe  appeared  Oct.  25. 
James  Melville  and  family,  Rentz,  Durand,  Painter,  Geo.  Ross, 
Adelaide  and  Frank  Nixon,  G.  W.  Sergeant  and  Mons.  Gregoirc 
were  the  equestrians  and  acrobats,  and  the  clowns  were  William  Lake, 




Sig.  Blitz»  Mons.  Francois,  and  Tom  Linton.  Performances  were 
^ven  afternoon  and  evening.  "  Cinderella  "  was  presented  Nov.  10, 
1)y  children.  On  Nov.  16,  William  Pastor,  equestrian,  and  Emeline 
Ijoyal,  equestrienne,  appeared.  For  the  benefit  of  W.  H.  Kemp, 
"Kov.  23,  Tony  Pastor,  "The  American  Clown,"  appeared.  Prof. 
Starr  with  his  party  of  living  animals  were  seen  Nov.  25,  and  the 
season  terminated  Nov.  27.  Stage  and  eauestrian  performances 
combined  were  given,  the  Checini  troupe  of  juvenile  pantomimists 
and  dancers  appeared.  Among  the  circus  performers  were  Philo 
Nathans,  Tony  Pastor,  and  W.  Donaldson,  the  black  clown. 

Mrs.  T.  B.  Phelps  rented  this  place  for  one  week  for  a  Horticul- 
tural Festival,  May  9.  There  were  addresses  by  Henry  Ward 
Beecher,  Rev.  Dr.  Tyng,  Wendell  Phillips,  and  W.  H.  Fry. 

The  Garden  was  closed  on  the  approach  of  cold  weather.    It 
€uled  to  pay.    It  was  started  too  soon.    If  it  was  in  operation  now, 
probably  it  would  be  a  money-making  place  of  amusement  during 
the  summer  months.    M.  C.  Campbell  reopened  the  Palace  Music 
Hall  Nov.  10,  1862,  with  a  minstrel  company,  but  business  did  not 
warrant  him  continuing  after  Dec.  6.    Buckley's  Serenaders  ap- 
peared Dec.  22,  and  closed  Jan.  3,  1863,  and  that  was  about  the 
last  entertainment  given  there.     The  Sanitary  Commission  erected 
buildiDgs  on  this  site  in  April,  1864,  and  hdd  a  fair  there.    The 
pound  is  now  occupied  by  the  Fourteenth  Street  Theatre  and  the 
22d  Regiment  Armory. 


UNTIL  the  year  1859,  the  Old  Bowery  Theatre  had  practically 
the  East  side  of  the  city  as  a  field  entirely  of  its  own.  But 
in  that  year  a  formidable  rival  appeared  in  the  shape  of  the  New 
Bowery  Theatre,  which  was  opened  Sept.  5,  1859,  by  Geo.  L.  Fox 

1*  and  James  W.  Lingard.  Its  exterior  dimensions  were  75  feet  on 
the  Bowery,  204  feet  in  depth  and  icx>  feet  on  Elizabeth  Street. 
The  auditorium  was  capable  of  seating  2,5cx>  persons.  The  stage 
^fu  85  feet  deep  and  50  wide  at  the  proscenium.  The  house  was 
situated  between  New  Canal  and  Hester  streets,  two  blocks  north 
of  the  Old  Bowery,  and  on  the  same  side  of  the  way.  The  entrance 
on  the  Bowery  was  through  a  colonnade,  supported  by  Corinthian 
pillars  of  iron.  A  full  view  of  the  stage  was  to  be  had  from  almost 
every  seat  in  the  auditorium.  The  programme  with  which  this 
theatre  opened  consisted  of  "  The  Orange  Girl  of  Venice "  and 
"  The  Four  Lovers."  The  cast  of  "  The  Orange  Girl  of  Venice " 

Visconli  Galliano  .  .  .  J.  E.  Nagle 
lacopi  Foscari  .  .  Welsh  Edwards 
l-coiurd  Foscari       ....  J.  Nunan 

Guido  Ubcrini 
Vasquez  Spadillo 
Eugenia  Coletti  . 

J.  J.  McCIoskey 

Chas.  K.  Fox 

Cordelia  Cappell 

190      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [xWo 

Nicoletti G.  L.  Fox 

Manuel  Coletti    ....     D.  Oakley 

Genario James  Dunn 

Spoletti S.  Bradshaw 

Paulo M.  B.  Pike 

Rugini  . 
Odo  .  . 
Pietro  . 
Isabel  . 

.  .  Mr.  Stanton 
.  .  W.  MitchcU 
Mr.  Montgomery 
Mrs.  J.  £.  Nagle 
.     .  Kate  Fisher 

In  ''  The  Four  Lovers/'  Asa  Cushman  acted  Rithcraft,  and  Minnie 
Jackson  was  the  Lauretto. 

J.  J.  McCioskey  remained  here  until  the  breaking  out  of  the  Civil 
War»  when  he  enlisted  and  went  South.  The  company,  in  addition 
to  those  seen  in  the  above  cast,  included  the  following  people :  J.  G. 
Hanley,  James  Pilgrim  (dramatist),  James  Lingard,  C.  Wilkinson 
(who  died  at  Worcester,  Mass.,  March  2,  1888),  Mrs.  France,  and 

J.  G.  Hanley  appeared  Sept.  8,  as  Ben  Bowling  in  ''  Ben  the 
Boatswain."  "Garibaldi,  or  the  Invasion  of  Sardinia,"  was  acted 
for  the  first  time  on  any  stage  Sept.  24.  It  ran  until  Oct.  6,  whea 
Boucicault's  drama,  "  The  Phantom,"  was  done.  "  The  Hunter  Spy 
of  Virginia,  or  the  Ocean  Martyr  "  was  a  new  drama  by  Pilg^m^ 
first  acted  Oct.  10.  **  New  York  and  Brooklyn,  or  the  Poor  Sewing; 
Girl,"  was  produced  Oct.  17.  "The  Man  with  the  Iron  Mask"  was 
played  Oct.  19,  with  J.  E.  Nagle  as  Gaston.  "  Stella  Delorme,  or 
the  Comanche  Chief,"  a  dramatization  by  Pilgrim,  was  seen  Oct.  24. 
when  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  made  her  first  appearance  here,  acting  Ada 

"  Uncle  Tom's  Cabin  "  was  done  here  Oct.  31,  with  J.  W.  Linganf 
as  Uncle  Tom,  G.  C.  Howard  as  St  Clair,  G.  L.  Fox  as  Pbineas 
Fletcher,  Mrs.  G.  C.  Howard  as  Topsy,  and  Cordelia  Howard  as 
Eva.  "  Fast  Women  of  the  Modern  Time,  or  Life  in  the  City  ana 
Suburbs,"  was  presented  Nov.  14,  when  Fanny  Herring  made  hea 
first  appearance  in  this  theatre,  acting  seven  characters.  Mrs.  VM 
G.  Jones  assumed  six  characters.  Billy  O'Neil  first  acted  her" 
Nov.  19  in  "  The  Limerick  Boy." 

A.  J.  Neafie  was  seen  Nov.  26,  as  Macbeth,  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  tm 
Lady  Macbeth.  Nov.  29  he  acted  in  **  Richard  III. ; "  Nov.  3CI 
"The  Corsican  Brothers;"  Dec.  5,  in  "Faust;"  Dec  10,  in  "Wi 
liam  Tell."  "  Harolde,  or  The  Maniac's  Leap,"  by  Neafie,  was  firs 
produced  here  Dec.  12.  A.  H.  Purdy  received  a  benefit  Dec.  i^ 
On  Dec.  23  "  The  People's  Lawyer,"  "  Why  Don't  She  Marry? 
"Whirligig  Hall,"  and  "The  Happy  Man"  made  up  the  bili 
"  Pocahontas,  or  the  Gentle  Savage,"  was  seen  Dec  24,  with  G.  L 
Fox  as  Powhatan,  James  Dunn  as  Capt.  John  Smith,  Fanny  Herring 
as  Pocahontas.  John  Brougham's  national  drama,  "  The  Miller  of 
New  Jersey,"  was  done  Dec.  28.  Eph  Horn  and  Charley  White 
came  Jan.  4,  i860,  and  appeared  between  the  pieces,  giving  "Old 
Bob  Ridley "  and  Woman's  Rights  Lecture. 

Geo.  C.  Boniface  made  his  first  appearance  here  Jan.  7,  as  Luke 

i«d3  new  bowery  theatre  191 

Fielding  in  "  The  Willow  Copse,"  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  as  Rose  Field- 
ing.  "  Lord  of  the  Isles  "  was  played  Jan.  9.  ^'  Halvei  The  Un- 
known/' Jan.  13,  with  Boniface  in  the  title  rdle.  Jan.  16  "The  Man 
of  the  Red  Mansion  "  had  its  first  representation.  "  The  Octoroon, 
or  Life  in  Louisiana/'  with  lone  Burke  as  Paul,  Geo.  Boniface  as 
Wah-no-tee,  was  given  Jan.  23.  J.  J.  Prior  took  a  benefit  Feb.  i, 
and  acted  Macduff  to  Boniface's  Macbeth.  "  The  Octoroon  "  was 
also  played  Lucille  and  Helen  Western  first  appeared  here  Feb.  6, 
in  '*  The  Three  Fast  Men."  Johnny  Forbes,  the  trick  drummer, 
made  his  New  York  d^but  on  this  occasion.  On  Feb.  13  Lucille 
acted  ''Jack  Sheppard;"  Feb.  14,  "The  French  Spy;"  Feb.  15 
-  Polly  Jordan,  the  Vermont  Girl's  Visit  to  New  York,"  by  W.  B. 
English,  was  produced ;  Feb  16, "  Actress  of  Padua  "  with  Lucille  as 
La  Tisbe,  Helen  as  Catarina;  Feb.  18,  **  Jack  Sheppard/'  Lucille  as 
Jack ;  also  "  Wept-of-the-Wish-ton-Wish,"  Helen  as  Naramattah. 
••  Wolfgang,  or  The  Wrecker's  Daughter,"  by  John  F.  Poole,  was 
presented  Feb.  20. 

A.  J.  Neafie  appeared  Feb.  27,  acting  Wi-com-i-ket  in  Conway's 

Indian   drama  of  that  name,   written   expressly  for  him.     Mons. 

Denith  K.  Goshon,  the  giant,  was  first  seen  here  March  i,  as  Cousin 

Joe  in  "  The  Rough  Diamond."    "  The  Dancing  Feather,  or  Amateur 

Freebooters,"  a  melodrama,  was  first  played  March  5.    Geo.  C.  Bon- 

i&ce  acted  the  Dane,  and  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  Queen  Gertrude,  in 

"  Hamlet,"  March  9.     C.  W.  Tayleure's  "  Horseshoe  Robinson  "  was 

firat  seen  here  March  12.     C.  W.  Taylor  appeared  in  "  Belphegor" 

March  15.    J.  G.  Arnold  made  his  first  appearance  in  this  city  in 

three  years,  acting  Jerry  Clip  in  "  The  Widow's  Victim"  March  16. 

Mrs,  M.  A.  Farren  and  her  daughter,  Fanny  Fitz-Farrcn,  api>eared 

March  19,  in  "  Love's  Venom,  or  the  Heart's  Mysteries ;  "  March  22, 

"Lucrcria  Borgia;  "  March  23,  "The  Wrecker's  Daughter;"  March 

24,"Jane  Shore;"  March  26,  "Venetian,  or  the  Bravo's  Oath;" 

March   29,   "  Pizarro ; "    and    March    30,   "  The    Queen    and   the 

Mechanic,"  with  Mrs.  Farren  as  Mary  Tudor.     Cordelia  Howard 

tnd  her   parents   reappeared   April   2,  in   "  Dred,   or  the   Dismal 

Swamp;"  April   3,  "Ida   May;"  April  5,  "Uncle  Tom's  Cabin." 

C.  W.  Taylor  as  Uncle  Tom,  G.  C.  Boniface  as  Geo.  Harris.     For 

the  benefit  of  Cordelia  Howard,  April  6,  "  Uncle  Tom's   Cabin," 

''Oliver  Twist,"  —  Mrs.  G.  C.  Howard   as  Nancy  Sikes,  Cordelia 

Howard  as  Oliver  Twist,  G.  C.  Boniface  as  Bill  Sikes,  —  and  the 

trick  pantomime  "  Magic  Trumpet  "  formed  the  bill.     The  Howards 

terminated  their  engagement  April  7,  with  "Little  Katy,  The  Hot 

Com  Girl."     A  complimentary  benefit  was  tendered  Fox  &  Lingard, 

April  II.     In  the  afternoon  "Uncle  Tom's  Cabin"  and  "Mother 

Goose"  were  given,  and  the  evening  bill  was  made  up  of  "  The  Page 

of  History;  "  "Betsy  Baker,"— J.  M.  Ward  as  Crummy,  and  Chas. 

Hale  as  Marmaduke  Mouser,  — the  Denier  Brothers  in  an  act ;  Anna 

192       A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [xscc 

France  with  song;  "Fortune's  Frolic,"  Harry  Pearson  as  Robin 
Roughhead ;  a  dance  by  Minnie  Jackson ;  the  farce,  "  Slasher  and 
Crasher ;  "  song  by  J.  A.  Herman ;  ballad  by  Kate  Leslie ;  the  Ethio- 
pian farce, "  Negro  Blunders ;  "  and  *'  The  Bride  of  the  Old  Frontier." 
The  testimonial  was  continued  the  following  night,  and  the  pro- 
gramme was:  "The  Page  of  History,"  "Lola  Montez,"  "The 
Veteran  and  his  Progeny,"  "The  Maid  of  Munster,"  "Box  and 
Cox,"  and  "Tom  Cringle's  Log."  In  "Lola  Montez,"  Caroline 
Chapman  acted  Katherine  Kloper,  Robert  Johnston,  Philip  Gar- 
bois,  in  "  The  Veteran."  Emily  Mestayer  was  the  Kate  O'Brien, 
and  C.  W.  Clarke  the  Charles,  in  "  The  Maid  of  Munster."  Cordelia 
Howard  reappeared  April  13,  in  "Old  and  Young,"  in  which  she 
assumed  three  characters,  and  danced  a  hornpipe.  "  Robin  Hood,  the 
Bold  Outlaw,"  was  first  acted  April  16.  "The  Track  in  the  Snow," 
April  28.  "Harry  Blake,  the  Man  that  Travels  on  his  Muscle^** 
dramatized  by  G.  L.  Aiken,  had  its  first  hearing  May  7.  "  King  of 
the  Commons  "  with  J.  W.  Wallack,  Jr.,  as  King  James,  and  "  Grand- 
father Whitehead  "  were  played  May  18,  with  Greo.  Jamison  in  the 
title  rdle. 

J.  W.  Wallack  Jr.,  and  Mr.  and  Mrs.  F.  B.  Conway  appeared  May 
21,  in  "Othello": 

Othello  ....      J.  W.  WaUack,  Jr. 

lago F.  B.  Conway 

Cassio J.  G.  Hanley 

Roderigo G.  L.  Fox 

Duke  .  . 
Emelia  .    . 

.  .  J.  W.  Ungaid 
.  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jonea 
Mrs.  F.  B.  Conwaj 

May  22,  "  Macbeth  "  was  given  with  Geo.  Boniface  as  Banquoi 
Wallack  as  Macbeth,  Conway  as  Macduff,  and  Mrs.  Conway  3z 
Lady  Macbeth.  May  24,  "  London  Assurance,"  was  seeiE 
with  Conway  as  Sir  Harcourt,  Wallack  as  Dazzle,  Boniface  3m 
Charles,  Mrs.  Conway  as  Lady  Gay,  and  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  m 
Grace;  May  25,  "Romeo  and  Juliet,"  Wallack  as  Romeo,  Con 
as  Mercutio,  and  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  as  Juliet ;  May  26,  "  Rich 
in.;"  May  28,  "Julius  Caesar,"  Conway  as  Brutus,  Wallack  s 
Cassius,  Boniface  as  Marc  Antony,  Mrs.  Conway  as  Portia,  aE:^ 
Kate  Fisher  as  Calphumia ;  May  29,  "  King  of  the  Commons  "  ac3 
"  Pizarro,"  Conway  as  Rolla  in  the  latter  play;  May  31,  "  Ingomar. 
Conway  as  Ingomar ;  also,  "  Black  Eyed  Susan,"  with  WaUack  s 
William.  For  their  farewell  appearance,  June  2,  Wallack  and  tbc 
Conways  played  in  "  William  Tell,"  "  The  Jealous  Wife,"  and  "  El 
Hyder."  "  New  York  in  i860,  or  a  Hit  at  the  Times,"  by  W. 
Petrie,  was  seen  for  the  first  time  June  18. 

The  season  closed  July  7,  but  a  summer  term  began  July  16, 
with  Edward  Eddy  as  the  star.  The  company  was  Geo.  C.  Boniface, 
J.  B.  Howe,  G.  L.  Fox,  C.  K.  Fox,  J.  W.  Lingard,  Asa  Cushman, 
J.  Nunan,  Harry  Hotto,  Wm.  Marden,  J.  J.  McCloskey,  J.  Newman 




Mitchell,  Wright,  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones,  Mrs.  Henry,  Josephine  Henry, 
Fanny  Herring,  Lillie  Marden  (afterwards  Mrs.  Charles  Wilkinson) 
and  Minnie  Jackson.  Mr.  Eddy  remained  two  months,  during  which 
time  he  was  seen  in  a  round  of  his  favorite  characters.  He  played 
•*  Macbeth  "  July  16,  and  Fanny  Herring  appeared  the  same  night 
as  Sally  Scraggs,  in  "  Sketches  in  India,"  and  Charles  K.  Fox  as 
Gregory  Thimblewell  in  "  State  Secrets."  July  30,  a  new  drama, 
"  The  Artisan  of  Lyons/'  was  produced,  with  this  cast : 

Catherine  de  Marley     .  Fanny  Herring 

Valazy J.  B.  Howe 

Count  De  Vandome      ...  J.  Nunan 

Pierre  de  Renais      .     .     .     .   E.  Eddy 

Henricois G.  L.  Fox 

Louise  de  Renais     .  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 

Aug.  24,  Lee's  tragedy  of  **  Alexander  the  Great,"  was  presented. 
The  principal  attractions  of  the  season  were  the  melodramas  for 
Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones,  Geo.  C.  Boniface,  and  Mr.  Howe,  and  farces  and 
pantomime  for  G.  L.  and  C.  K.  Fox  and  Fanny  Herring.     "  The 

Cataract  of  the  Ganges "   was   acted  Jan.  5,  1861.     Spalding  & 
Rogers'  circus  troupe  was  added  to  the  programme  Jan.  7.     F.  S. 
Chanfrau  appeared  Jan.  21,  in  "  The  Mysteries  and  Miseries  of  New 
York."     Feb.  4,  the  pantomime,"  Harlequin  Jack,"  was  seen.     Prof. 
J.  H.  Anderson,  the  "  Wizard  of  the  North,"  acted  Rob  Roy  March  4. 
He  was  assisted  by  his  three  daughters  —  Eliza,  Flora,  and  Louisa 
Anderson.     "  The  Cock  of  the  Walk "  was  produced  March  1 1  ; 
"  Owlet,  or  the  Royal  Highwayman,"  March  18 ;  Cordelia  Howard  and 
her  parents  appeared   May  20,  in   "  Ten  Nights  in  a  Barroom." 
Chanfrau  returned  June  1 7,  as  Mose  in  "  A  Glance  at  New  York." 
Geo.  L.  Fox,  who  left  with  his  regiment  for  the  war,  April  22,  re- 
turned in  July,  and  again  appeared. 

There  was  no  material  change  of  any  kind  in  the  company  or  the 
staff  of  the  theatre  during  the  season  of  1861-62.  G.  L.  Fox  and 
J.  W.  Lingard  were  again  the  managers,  but  before  the  season 
closed  their  business  connections  were  dissolved.  The  opening 
>ught  was  July  15,  1861,  and  the  bill  consisted  of  "The  Pirates  of 
the  Savannah,"  "  Hunting  a  Turtle,"  and  a  tight-rope  dance  by  John 

Benier.     Aug.  12  C.  W.  Clarke  appeared,  and  during  an  engagement 

<<  twelve  nights  played  in  the  dramas  of  "John  Paulding,"  **  Charlotte 

Temple,"  "  The  Lime  Kiln  Man,"  and  others,  supported  by  Mrs. 

W.  G.  Jones,  George  C.  Boniface,  J.  Nunan,  G .  A.  Lingard,  James 

Dunn,  G.  L.  Fox,  and  Fanny  Herring. 
Chas.  Gayler's  military  drama  "  Bull  Run,  or  the  Sacking  of  Fair- 

^ Court  House,"  was  presented  Aug.  15,  with  this  cast: 


Lieut  G.  L.  Fox  of  the  8th,   C.  K.  Fox 
Hank  Bunker      .     .    Geo.  C.  Boniface 

Gen.  McDowell J.  Nunan 

RoH  Ironsides    ....     G.  L.  Fox 

VOL.  II-  — 13 

Jupiter Geo.  Beane 

Col.  Corcoran     ....      Bradshaw 

Brownell Johnson 

Col.  Ellsworth     .     .     .     .    M.  B.  Pike 

194      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Cx8( 


Beauregard Ferden 

Gen.  Bunham      ....  W.  Marden 

Ser^.  Bigdow Wright 

Maj.  Ebleigh Pyne 

Col.  Tompkins Magrat 

Jackson Samut 

Mrs.  Jackson  .     .     .      Miss  Hathawa 
Juno Louisa  Eldrid| 

The  Eighth  Regiment  drum  corps  was  engaged  to  appear  i 
"  Bull  Run,"  which  had  an  uninterrupted  run  of  four  weeks,  and  wa 
frequently  revived  during  the  season.  James  Dunn  appeared  Sep 
30,  as  Frederick  in  "  No."  Oct.  7,  Mr.  Eddy  returned,  and  at  th 
close  of  his  engagement  with  Fox  &  Lingard,  leased  the  theatre  fc 
six  nights,  during  which  he  played  "  Jack  Cade,"  "  Norman  Leslie, 
"  Robert  Macaire,"  "  Pizzaro,"  "  The  Happy  Man,"  and  other  chai 
acters.  The  theatre  was  closed  from  Oct.  28  until  Nov.  2,  when 
spectacular  drama,  by  Charles  Gaylcr,  entitled  "  Hatteras  Inlet,  c 
Our  Naval  Victories,"  was  presented.  This  was  followed  by  "  Faj 
Women  of  Modem  Times,"  "  A  Sword  of  Honor,  or  a  Father 
Legacy,"  and  "  Mary  Price." 

Dec.  9,  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Jas.  W.  Wallack,  Jr.  and  E.  L.  Davenpoi 
began  an  engagement  that  lasted  until  Dec.  21,  during  which  tin 
they  played  in  "  Othello," —  Davenport  as  the  Moor,  Mr.  Wallacl 
lago;  Mrs.  Wallack,  Emilia,and  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones,  Desdemona,- 
"  Macbeth,"  "  Hamlet,"  and  "  Richard  IH."  Dec.  13  they  appearc 
in  "  Julius  Caesar,"  with  Davenport  as  Brutus,  Wallack  as  Cassiw 
Boniface,  Marc  Antony,  and  Mrs.  Wallack  as  Portia.  "  Damon  an 
Pythias,"  "  Black  Eyed  Susan,"  "  William  Tell,"  "  Douglas,"  an. 
"  Brutus,  or  the  Fall  of  Tarquin,"  were  also  played  during  th: 

C.  W.  Clarke  appeared  Jan.  13,  1862,  as  Adolph  Hudson  in  "  Tfc 
Last  Nail,  or  the  Drunkard's  Vision,"  when  Annie  Hathaway  actc 
Patty,  and  Louisa  Browne,  the  Dancing  Fairy.  Jan.  15  "The  O 
Folks  at  Home"  was  presented.  Jan.  16  "  Eustache  Baudin,"  vr 
seen,  with  C.  W.  Clarke  in  the  title  r61e.  Robert  Jones'  dranrr: 
"  Scotto,  or  the  Scout  and  the  Spy,"  was  first  acted  Jan.  20.  A  ben 
fit  was  tendered  to  Capt.  Robert  Johnston,  the  popular  actor,  Jan.  s 
previous  to  his  return  to  the  seat  of  war.  The  programme  was  "  T^^ 
Iron  Mask,"  R.  Johnston  as  Gaston ;  John  Mulligan  and  Andy 
Leavitt  did  a  negro  sketch ;  the  drama  "  Rafaelle,"  and  the  farce  "  Rar/ 
ing  the  Wind."  "  The  Seven  Escapes  of  Adelaide  of  Dresden  "  wa 
given  Jan.  27,  also  a  medley  duet  and  double  cracovienne  by  Geo.  L 
Fox  and  Fanny  Herring  ;  followed  by  "  G.  L.  Fox  worried  by  Geo. 
Boniface."  *'  Dominique  the  Deserter,"  **  Cherry  and  Fair  Star," 
(first  time  in  this  theatre),  and  "  The  Seven  Escapes,"  formed  th< 
bill  Feb.  i.  "  Mabel,  or  the  Child  of  the  Battle  Field,"  was  firs 
seen  Feb.  4. 

Fox  and  Lingard  took  a  benefit  Feb.  5,  when  "Fox  Worried  b 




teniface,"  "  Faint  Heart  Never  Won  Fair  Lady,"  "  Cherry  and  Fair 
tar,"  "  Boots  at  the  Swan,"  and  "The  Young  Widow"  made  up 
se  programme.  Harry  Pearson  and  James  W.  Collier  appeared  in 
Boots  at  the  Swan,"  and  A.  H.  Davenport  and  Fanny  Browne  in 
The  Young  Widow."  Geo.  C.  Boniface  and  G.  L.  Fox  were  seen  as 
Lobert  Macaire  and  Jacques  Strop.  Feb.  7  G.  L.  Fox  acted  Paddy 
lurphy  in  '*  The  Happy  Man ;"  Feb.  17  "  TTie  Capture  of  Fort  Don- 
Ison,"  by  Harry  Seymour,  was  played  for  the  first  time  Feb.  22. 
Uncle  Tom's  Cabin,"  was  revived  Feb.  26,  with  James  Lingard  as 
Jncle  Tom,  S.  Bradshaw  (first  time)  as  Tom  Loker,  Fanny  Herring 
s  Topsy,  Fanny  Beane  as  Eva,  G.  L.  Fox  as  Deacon  Perry,  and  C. 
L  Fox  as  Gumption  Cute.  On  March  13,  the  burlesque,  "  Co-lean 
tome  "  was  produced  with  Fanny  Herring  as  Miles,  Nunan  as  Danny 
lann,  G.  L.  Fox  as  Eily.  Fox  and  Lingard  dissolved  partnership 
farch  22,  and  the  latter  gentleman  became  sole  lessee  of  the  house. 
*ox  acted  Solon  Shingle  in  "  The  People's  Lawyer,"  March  26,  and 
etired  March  29.  Sam  Ryan  and  Kate  Denin  Ryan  appeared  here 
larch  31,  in  "The  Hidden  Hand,"  and  "The  New  Footman." 
The  Fire  Raiser,  or  the  Prophet  of  the  Moor,"  was  first  acted 
kpril  5.  For  S.  Bradshaw's  benefit,  April  9,  George  Lingard 
ppeared  as  Richard  in  "Vision  of  the  Dead."  W.  Petrie  had  a 
lenefit  April  1 1,  when  Edward  Lamb,  Harry  Seymour,  James  Dunn, 
•  J.  Prior,  and  Rachel  Denvil  were  seen.  E.  Eddy  began  an 
ngagement  April  14,  in  a  play  written  for  him  by  T.  B.  de  Walden, 
ntitled  "  The  Man  of  Destiny,"  which  had  this  cast : 

loieph  Faveau £.  Eddy 

\iutole  Decoomer  ....  J.  Nunan 
Fh^eolet S.  Ryan 

Marie Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 

Diana Kate  Denin  Ryan 

"Faustus"  was  played  April  21,  with  Eddv  as  Mephistopheles. 
An  afternoon  and  evening  performance  took  place  April  25,  for  the 
benefit  of  James  W.  Lingard.  The  programme  was :  Afternoon  — 
"Cramond  Brig,"  Prof.  J.  H.  Anderson  as  Jock  Howieson,  and  Miss 
L  S.  Anderson  as  Marion ;  accordeon  solo  by  Prof.  J.  Jacobs,  his 
fint  appearance  in  seven  years ;  dance  by  Louisa  Browne,  ballad  by 
S. C.  Campbell,  comic  song  by  Tony  Pastor;  "Faint  Heart  Never 
Won  Fair  Lady,"  Harry  Parson  as  Ruy  Gomez ;  song  by  James 
Dunn ;  negro  sketch,  "  Young  Scamps,"  by  Bob  Hart,  Lew  Sim- 
nions,  and  Master  Tommy,  concluding  with  "The  Villagers."  In 
the  evening  the  bill  was,  "  La  Tour  De  Nesle,"  Eddy  as  Capt. 
Buridan,  Mrs.  Farrcn  as  Margaret  of  Burgundy;  dance  by  Fanny 
Bcane,  song  by  Lillic  Eldridge,  the  nautical  drama,  "  Anchor  of 
Hope/'  Harry  Seymour  as  Topreef ;  Eph  Horn  with  his  Woman's 
Rights  lecture,  T.  J.  Peel,  jig.  accompanied  on  the  banjo  by  Frank 
Converse,  dance  by  Galctti  and  Mons.  TophofT,  and  concluded  with 
"The  Young  Widow."    Joseph  E.  Nagle  as   Mandeville,  Geo.  C. 

196      A    HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D" 

Boniface  as  Splash.  Mrs.  J.  J.  Prior  as  Aurelia  and  Mrs.  J.  E.  Nagic 
as  Lucy.  On  May  10  Eddy  acted  Damon,  to  Boniface's  Pythias,  in 
"Damon  and  Pythias,"  Paddy  Murphy,  in  "The  Happy  Man," 
and  Casper  in  "  Der  Freischutz."  N.  B.  Clarke's  original  drama 
*'  Dare  Devil  Pete,  or  the  Death  of  Tecumseh  "  was  first  acted  May 
12,  with  Eddy  in  the  title  rflle ;  Geo.  C.  Boniface  was  Tecumseh,  and 
Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones.  Kate  Lane.  May  14  Eddy  played  Claude  Mel- 
notte,  in  "  The  Lady  of  Lyons,"  and  Looncy  McTwoIter,  in  "  The 
Anny  Review  ;"  May  17  "  Zanthc."  and  "Jack  Sheppard  "  formed 
the  bill.  Louisa  Browne  danced  between  the  pieces.  Mrs.  M.  A. 
Farren  appeared  May  26,  as  did  Tommy  Peel  the  jig  dancer,  with 
Frank  B.  Converse  on  the  banjo- 

"  CoHoIanus,"  was  first  seen  in  this  theatre  May  30,  with  Eddy  as 
Caius  Marcius  Coriolanus,  Geo.  Boniface  as  TuUus  Aufidius,  Sirs. 
M.  A.  Farren  as  Volumnia.  Mrs.  Howard  Rogers  as  Virgilia,  Mrs. 
Farren  as  Katharina,  to  Eddy's  Petruchio,  in  "  The  Taming  of  the 
Shrew."  Adah  Isaacs  Menken  began  an  engagement  June  9. 
assuming  nine  characters  in  "'  The  Three  Fast  Women,  or  the 
Female  Robinson  Crusoes."  In  the  minstrel  scene  she  appeared  on 
the  "  bones  end ;  "  June  1 1  she  was  seen  in  "  Joan  of  Arc,"  and  "  The 
French  Spy;"  June  12  she  appeared  as  Sixteen  String  Jack,  and 
in  the  burlesque,  "  Lola  Montez."  For  her  benefit,  June  13,  she 
acted  in  "  The  Whistler,  or  the  Fate  of  the  Lily  of  St.  Leonard's." 
as  Corinthian  Tom  in  "  Tom  and  Jerry,"  and  Polly  Crisp  in  "An 
Unprotected  Female."  in  which  she  sang  "  The  Captain  with  hii 
Whiskers"  and  several  French  and  Italian  songs,  in  the  tenor  and 
soprano  voice,  also  giving  her  imitations  of  Charlotte  Cushtnan, 
Mme.  Fabbri,  Edwin  Forrest,  and  Edwin  Booth.  On  June  14 
Menken  personated  five  characters  in  "  A  Day  in  Paris,"  and  acted 
Corinthian  Tom  in  "  Tom  and  Jerry ;  "  "  Mazeppa  "  was  produced  June 
16,  with  Menken  as  Mazeppa.  For  her  benefit,  June  20,  in  addition 
to  "  Mazeppa,"  she  appeared  in  the  fourth  act  of  "  The  Three  Fail 
Women,"  and  the  fifth  act  of  "  Richard  III,"  with  Harry  Seymour  is 
Richard,  on  horseback;  Menken  as  Richmond.  For  her  farewell 
benefit,  June  27,  she  was  seen  as  Mazeppa,  and  Jack  Sheppard,  on 
borseback.  Her  engagement  terminated  June  28.  when,  in  addition 
to  "  Mazeppa,"  "  The  Happy  Man "  was  played,  with  Thomu 
Donnelly  as  Paddy  Murphy.     The  season  closed  July  5. 

The  next  season  opened  with  N.  B.  Clarke  as  stage  manager,  and 
Harvey  Blessenhcrz  as  musical  director.  Edward  Eddy  presented 
July  14  "  The  Fighting  Brothers  of  Rome,"  and  "  The  Idiot  of  the 
Mountain  ;  "  Thomas  L.  Donnelly  appeared  between  the  pieces,  and 
sang  Irish  songs.  For  Eddy's  benefit,  Aug.  i,  Edward  L.  Tilioo 
played  Robert  Emmet  in  the  drama  of  that  name.  Mrs.  M.  A. 
Farren  was  seen  as  Margery,  and  John  T.  Raymond  as  Cousin  Joe, 
in  "  The  Rough  Diamond."     Mr.  and  Mrs.  E.  L,  Davenport  appeared  . 

i««3  NEW  BOWERY   THEATRE  197 

Aug.  4  in  "  Hamlet,"  "  Othello  "  Aug.  5,  "  St.  Marc  "  Aug.  6,  7, 
"  The  Ladv  of  Lyons  "  Aug.  8,  when  Mrs.  Alford  appeared  as  Mme. 
Deschapelles,  and  in  *'  Black  Eyed  Susan  ; "  Aug.  9  *'  Richard  III." 
Aug.  II,  12,  13.  '*  The  Scalp  Hunters  "  was  produced  Aug.  14,  when 
Geo.  C.  Boniface  acted  Jack  Sheppard  for  the  first  time;  Aug.  I5» 
"*  Damon  and  Pythias."  For  Lingard's  benefit,  Isabel  Cubas  and 
her  corps  de  ballet  apppeared  in  a  Spanish  ballet.  Edward  Lamb 
acted  Granby  Gag,  and  Mollie  Williams,  Jennie  Leatherlungs,  in 
"  Jenny  Lind  at  Last"  Aug.  16. 

Mr.  and  Mrs.  F.  B.  Conway  were  seen  Aug.  18.  in  "  Peep  o*  Day," 
for  the  first  time  in  New  York,  "  The  Sea  of  Ice  "  was  done  Sept. 
2.  Fanny  Denham  appeared  Sept.  6  as  Caroline  Morton  in  **  Our 
Gal."  "Uncle  Tom's  Cabin"  was  given  Sept.  10  for  George  C. 
Ryer's  benefit,  when  he  acted  Uncle  Tom,  Lillie  Eldridge  being  the 
Topsy.  Menken  reappeared  Sept.  15  in  James  Pilgrim's  drama, 
"  The  Warrior  Shepherd,"  acting  a  shepherd  boy.  "  Eagle  Eye " 
was  produced  Sept.  22,  with  Menken  as  Otahontas.  Harry  Pearson 
had  a  benefit  Sept.  29,  when  Mrs.  Cool  White  acted  Margery,  and 
Harry  Pearson  Cousin  Joe,  in  "  The  Rough  Diamond,"  followed  by 
the  quarrel  scene  from  "Julius  Caesar,"  Thos.  W.  Keene  as  Brutus 
and  £.  S.  Kean  as  Cassius. 

Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  took  her  benefit  Oct.  3,  and  presented  "  Outlaw 
of  the  Adriatic,  or  the  Female  Spy  and  the  Chief  of  the  Ten,"  fol- 
lowed by  Fanny  Beane  with  a  Highland  Fling,  and  a  comic  song  by 
Thomas  Donnelly,  after  which  came  the  minstrel  scene  from  the 
"Three  Fast  Women,"  followed  by  "The  Wizard  Skiflf "  and  "  Jack 
Sheppard."    There  were  three  Jacks  during  the  piece.     In  the  first 
act,  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones ;  second  act,  Fanny  Denham ;  third  act,  Geo. 
C.  Boniface.      The  performance  was   over  at  quarter  to  two  A.M. 
Oct  6  the  Webb   Sisters — Emma  and   Ada  —  made  their  d^but 
here,  Emma  appearing  as  Parthenia  in  '^  Ingomar,"  and  Ada  in  the 
farce  "  In  and  Out  of  Place,"  in  which  she  sustained  five  characters, 
sang  four  songs,  and  danced  a  jig.     **  Raymond  and  Agnes  "  was  the 
afterpiece.      Ada  Webb  retired  from  the  stage  several  years  ago, 
marrying  William   Conner,  who   was   once   proprietor  of   the  St. 
James  Hotel,  this  city.    Oct.  7  "  Orphan  of  Dowray,  or  the  Soldier's 
Trials,"  "  Actress  of  All  Work."  and  "  Wizard  Skiff  "  were  acted ; 
Oct.  8  *•  Bride  of  Lammermoor  "  was  presented,  with  Emma  Webb 
as  Lucy  Ashton,  "  The  Manager's  Daughter,"  followed  with  Ada 
io  five  characters,  and  the  farce  *'  Milly ;  "  Oct.  9,  Emma  as  Juliana 
in  "The  Honeymoon,"  Ada  in   *' In  and  Out  of  Place,"  and  the 
drama    entitled   "Incendiary;"    Oct.     10,   Emma    as    Smike,   in 
'•Nicholas  Nickleby,"  to  G.  C.  Boniface's  Mantilini,  and  the  first 
appearance  of  Miss  M.  Clare  as  Kate  Nickleby.     Ada  Webb  acted 
Mrs.  Hardress  Cregan,  and  Thomas  Donnelly  Myles-na-Coppaleen, 
in  the  farce  of  *'  The  Colleen  Bawn  ; "  Ada  Webb  also  played  six 

198       A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       DSfe 

characters  in  the  protean  farce,  "  A  Day  Too  Late."  "  The  Irish 
Doctor  "  was  the  closing  farce.  "  Kitty,  or  Out  of  the  Street,"  was  a 
drama  written  for  the  Webb  Sisters  by  Charles  Gayler,  and  acted 
for  the  first  time  Oct.  13.  "  Jocrisse  the  Juggler,"  with  Geo. 
Boniface  in  the  title  rdle,  and  *'  The  Irish  Doctor  "  made  up  th< 
programme.  Miss  E.  James,  danseuse,  made  her  ddbut  Oct.  17  in. 
a  national  medley  dance.  The  Webb  Sisters,  closed  Oct.  18,  whei 
four  pieces  were  o£fered,  viz. :  the  protean  farce,  "  Four  in  One,'^  '*' 
with  Emma  in  four  characters ;  the  burletta,  "  Woman's  Whims,'^  *' 
with  Ada  in  five  characters;  "The  Blacksmith  of  Antwerp;"  an< 
the  nautical  drama  "  Ben  Bolt." 

Oct.  20,  the  oriental  spectacular  drama  entitled  "  The  Armorer  ol 
Tyre"  was  produced,  with  Geo.  Boniface  as  Gio;  the  burlesque 
"Beauty  and  the  Beast,"  followed,  with  Fanny  Denham  as  Beauty - 
and  ''  The  Limerick  Boy  "  finished  the  bill.  The  performance  wasL 
over  at  half-past  twelve  o'clock.  Oct.  22  "  Walter  Brand,  or  tha^-  e 
Mendicant  of  St.  Paul's  "  was  seen  here  for  the  first  time ;  Oct.  2^^  j 
"  The  Three  Guardsmen,"  was  presented,  with  Boniface  as  D'/ 
g^an.  Saturday  night,  Oct.  25,  there  were  four  pieces,  as  follows 
the  three  act  drama  ''  Nautical  Jack ;  "  Rosa  Cerito,  Parisian  ds 
seuse ;  first  and  second  tableaux  of  ''  The  Sea  of  Ice ;  "  Irish  son| 
by  Thos.  L.  Donnelly;  "Robert  Macaire;"and  the  comic  drai 
"One  Glass  More."  The  historical  drama,  written  expressly  fi 
this  house  by  G.  L.  Aiken,  entitled  "  Claude  Duval,"  was  first  act^=Ml 
Oct.  27,  Boniface  as  Claude  Duval.  The  farce  of  "  Our  Girl "  ttstt 
the  afterpiece,  in  which  Fanny  Denham  acted  Caroline  Morton  Birm^d 
sang  **  Annie  Laurie  "  and  *'  My  Johnny  was  a  Shoemaker."  TKr^e 
melodrama,  "  The  Monk,  the  Mask,  and  the  Murderer  "  was  giv^sn 
in  addition  to  "  Claude  Duval  "  Nov.  3.  "  The  Idiot  of  the  Moum- 
tain  "  and  the  French  drama  "  Halvei  the  Unknown  "  were  acted  E"or 
the  first  time  Nov.  5.  "  Zincali's  Revenge,"  "  The  Flying  Dutcrli- 
man,"  and  "  The  Irish  Tutor  "  were  played  Nov.  6.  Another  ha^lf- 
past  twelve  o'clock  bill  was  that  of  Nov.  7,  —  '*  The  Sea  of  Ice,"  "  TTb^ 
French  Spy,"  and,  for  the  first  time  here,  "  The  Bath  Road."  -A 
pictorial  advertising  curtain,  illustrating  all  professions  and  trades, 
was  shown  for  the  first  time  Nov.  7.  "  Blueskin,"  a  new  drama  by 
John  F.  Poole,  was  first  acted  Nov.  8.  Geo.  Boniface  played  Jacfer 
Sheppard;  J.  W.  Lingard,  Blueskin;  J.  Nunan,  Jonathan  Wild, 
Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones,  Edgeworth  Bess.  Nov.  10  Theodore  Edward 
Hook's  drama,  "  The  Hungarian  Chief,  or  the  Heroine  of  Mootgatz," 
was  given  in  addition  to  "  Blueskin."  "  The  Death  Plank,"  a  nautical 
drama  by  G.  A.  Somerset,  was  first  acted  Nov.  17.  Julia  Christine 
(afterwards  Mrs.  Harry  Miner)  commenced  an  engagement,  dancing 
between  the  pieces.  The  spectacular  drama,  "  The  Naiad  Queen," 
rewritten  by  Joseph  C.  Foster,  was  first  acted  Nov.  24,  and  cast  as 
follows : 




Cbant  Rupert ....   Geo.  Boniface 

Rinaldo T.  Donnelly 

AVinkleman G.  Lingard 

Schnapps Geo.  Brooks 

Amphibio  ....  Hernandez  Foster 

Larline Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 

Corsdine     ....      Fanny  Denham 

Miss  Adair 

Colman D.  Oakley 

Rodolph W.  Stanton 

Farcuas J.  Winter 

Grimalkine Page 

Baron Lana^an 

Lady  Una Mrs.  Bonirace 

Flavia Louisa  Eldridge 

Cora  Shell Miss  Claxe 

Bridget Miss  Hathaway  | 

**  Knights  of  the  Mist,  or  Jack  Sheppard  from  His  Cradle  to  His 
Grave,"  was  acted  Nov.  29.  John  F.  Poole's  dramatization,  "  The 
Scourge  of  Damascus/'  was  first  seen  Dec.  i.  Tony  Denier,  the 
inimitable  clown,  appeared  Dec.  8  in  Joseph  C.  Foster's  comic 
pantomime,  "  Harlequin  Jack  Sheppard,  or  All  Right,  My  Covey." 
It  was  cast  as  follows :  Jack  Sheppard  (afterwards  Clown),  Tony 
I>enier;  Jonathan  Wild  (afterwards  Sprite),  Hernandez  Foster; 
Thames  Darrell  (afterwards  Harlequin),  W.  Stanton;  Winny  Wood 
(afterwards  Columbine),  Julia  Christine ;  Joe  Blueskin  (afterwards 
Pantaloon),  George  Brooks. 

Anthony  (familiarly  known  as  Tony)  Denier  is  one  of  the  oldest 
living  representatives  of  the  pantomimic  art  in  America,  and  has 
Iseen  connected  with  the  stage  in  an  active  and  managerial  capacity 
for  more  than  half  a  century.  Mr.  Denier  is  a  resident  of  Chicago, 
lived  in  that  city  since  1876,  and,  aside  from  his  profession,  is 

lown  in  the  community  as  one  of  the  few  representatives  of  the 
>tage  who  have  devoted  the  results  of  theatrical  enterprise  to  the 
lulMtantial  growth  of  the  city.     Endowed  with  a  reputation  that  is 

itional  in  his  peculiar  line,  he  also  enjoys  the  distinction  of  being 
one  of  the  richest  retired  actors  in  the  West,  and  his  varied  career 
leading  up  to  this  histrionic  and  business  success  possesses  many 

E>ints  of  general  interest.     He  travelled  with  the  Ravel  company 
r  several  years,  and  in  1855  went  to  England,  and  for  two  years 
played  at  European  theatres.     Returning  to  America  in  1861,  he  ap- 
peared in  a  star  part  at  the  Cremorne  Garden,  this  city.     At  the  Old 
Bowery  Theatre,  he  met  George  L.  Fox,  and  got  up  several  panto- 
mimes with  him.     He  then  went  to  Bamum's  Museum,  and  in  1866 
removed  to  St.  Louis,  where  he  remained  a  year,  engaged  in  manag- 
ing the  spectacular  play  of  *'  The  Black  Crook."     He  made  his  first 
^>pearance  in  Chicago  at  McVicker's  Theatre,  in  1867.     Returning 
to  this  city,  he  and   Mr.  Fox  constructed   the  great  novelty  of 
"Humpty  Dumpty,"  which   was  first  presented   at  the  Olympic 
Theatre,  on  March  10,  1868.    In  July  Mr.  Denier  went  to  Cleveland, 
^d  with  John  EUsler  organized  a  pantomime  company,  with  which 
he  travelled  two  years.     He  managed  various  enterprises  until  1876, 
took  "  Grimaldi "  on  the  road  for  two  years,  and,  later,  Charles  W. 
Ravel,  the  clown.    During  these  years  he  played  not  only  in  his  own 
specialties  of  pantomime,  but  also,  at  Albany,  under  his  own  man- 

200      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       DM3  J 

agement  of  the  Capital  Theatre,  took  part  in  "  Uncle  Tom's  Cabin,"  *■ 
"The  Octoroon,"   "Rob   Roy,"  and  appeared  as  the  demon  and  - 
other  characters  in  spectacular  and  comic  representations.     After  * 
organizing  a  company  for  "Jack  and  Jill"  in  California,  in  1876,  ^ 
Mr.  Denier  went  to  Chicago  and  began   a  permanent  managerial  _ 
career.     Here  he  formed  a  partnership  with  J.  H.  Haverly,  and  was   ^ 
manager  of  the  old  Adelphi  Theatre  for  one  year.     He  then  leased   . 
Wood's  Museum,  which  was  destroyed  by  fire  in   October,  1877. 
He  purchased  a  residence  at  Englewood,  but  in  1876  returned  to  - 
Chicago,  and  for  three  years  managed  a  pantomime  combination 
with  George  H.  Adams,  the  clown.     When  that  engagement   ter — 
minated,  Mr.  Denier  decided  to  take  up  a  permanent  residence  ^tz 
Chicago,  and,  having  accumulated  a  fortune,  set  about  its  judicious^ 
investment.     His  shrewd   business  capacity  made  these   venturer 
exceedingly  profitable,  and  he  now  owns   nineteen  pieces  of  fin^ 
improved  property  and  a  large  amount  of  unimproved  real  estate  in. 
that  city.    Tony  Denier  was  married  on  Jan.  24,   1861,  to   Mile. 
Auriol,  the  danseuse,  and  niece  of  the  noted  French  clown  of  thatz 
name.     Mrs.  Denier  died  in  Chicago,  June  6,  1899.     As  a  panto— 
mimist  Mr.  Denier  took  rank  with   any  in  the  country,  and  as  2m^ 
gymnast  he  had  few  superiors. 

Wm.  McFarland  made  his  d^but  at  this  theatre  in  "  The  Stran— 
ger  "  Dec.  9,  it  being  his  first  appearance  in  New  York  in  eighteen 

! rears.      "  Robert    Emmet "    was   also  played,   with    Mr.    McFar— 
and  in  the  title  rdle,  and  the  first  appearance  on  the  stage  of  a 
young  lady  billed  as  Mary  Curran,  also  occurred.     Wm.  McFarland 
was  found  dead  in  the  County  Jail  at  Minneapolis,  Minn.  Jan.  31, 
1888.     He  was  an  old  actor,  and  had  supported  Macready,  the  elder 
Booth,  Edwin  Adams,  and  Edwin  Forrest.     He  had  been  confined 
in  jail  for  intemperance.     N.  B.  Clarke  took  a  benefit  Dec.  20,  when 
five  plays  were  acted,  and  the  performance  was  over  at  12.15.     The 
entertainment  was  as  follows :  "  The  Wraith  of  the  Lake,  or  Brownie 

of  the  Brig ;  "  the  drama  "  The  King,  the  D ,  and  the  Deserter," 

followed  by  the  burlesque  of  "  Othello,"  by  Frank  Brower  and  Eph 
Horn,  scenes  from  "  Harlequin  Jack  Sheppard,"  and  the  farce 
"  The  Illustrious  Stranger."  "  Ivanhoe "  was  acted  for  the  first 
time  here  Dec.  22.  Tony  Denier  reappeared  in  the  pantomime 
"Harlequin  Jack  Sheppard."  Tony  played  Jack  Sheppard,  and 
Julia  Christine,  Winny  Wood.  Dec.  31  Tony  Denier  produced  his 
Chinese  pantomime,  "Kim  Ka."  Jan.  6,  1863,  Mons.  Marzetti, 
Mme.  Marzetti,  and  Mons.  Tophoff  began  an  engagement  in  "  Jocko, 
or  the  Brazilian  Ape."  Jan.  12  was  the  first  night  of  Harry  Sey- 
mour's dramatization  of  Hugo's  "  Les  Miserables,"  entitled  "  Jean 
Valjean,"  with  Geo.  C.  Boniface  in  the  title  r61e.  "The  Two 
Drovers  "  and  "  The  Dumb  Belle  "  were  also  performed,  and  the 
performance  was  over  at  12.30.     Joseph  C.  Foster  took  his  benefit 




Jan.  i6f  and  his  drama  of  "  Bob  Covey,  the  Newgate  Jester,  or  the 
Daring  Housebreaker  of  1798/'  was  seen  for  the  first  time,  cast  as 
follows : 

Norman  Fitzbaxard  .  .  G.  C.  Boniface 
Stephen  Stonebeart  .     .      M.  Lanagan 

Eh-.  Thurston D.  Oakley 

Bob  Covey  ....  Geo.  Brooks 
Robt.  Kidman  ....  P.  Connelly 
Martin  Filewood  ....     J.  Winter 

Tim  Meagles  ....  T.  Donnelly 
Miles  the  Beylock  .  Hernandez  Foster 
Dick  the  Tramper    .     .    Frank  Foster 

Drag J.  Nunan 

Eaton Wm.  Marden 

Emily     ....     Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 

Jan.  17  the  bill  offered  was  "  Bob  Covey,  or  Harlequin  Jack  Shep- 
pard,"  cast  as  follows : 

Indostry      ....  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 
Knowledge  .     .     .Mrs.  Geo.  Boniface 

Idleness Miss  Hathaway 

Ignorance    ....    Louisa  Eldridge 
Jack  Sbeppard,  afterwards  Clown 

Tony  Denier 
Thames  Darrel,  afterwards  Har- 

leouin W.  Stanton 

Joe  Blueskin,  afterwards  Panta- 

kxm Geo.  Brooks 

Jonathan  Wild,  afterwards  Sprite 

Hernandez  Foster 
Winny  Wood,  afterwards  Colum- 
bine      Julia  Christine 

Owen  Wood    ....      M.  Lanaigan 
Sir  Roland  Trenchard   .     .  G.  Lin^d 

Mendez J.  Winter 

Mrs.  Wood      ...      T.  L.  Donnelly 
Edgeworth  Bess  ....  Miss  Adair 

"  Olympia,  or  the  Brigands  of  Alrizi "  was  the  next  production, 
with  this  cast:  Olympia  Cig^iani,  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones;  Spalatro,  J. 
Nunan ;  Salvator  Rosa,  W.  Marden  ;  Comey  Brady,  T.  L.  Donnelly ; 
Tommaso,  P.  Connelly ;  Bianca,  Miss  Adair ;  and  dlanina,  Mrs.  Boni- 
face.   This  was  followed  by  the  farce  '*  Hide  and  Seek  " :  Quake, 
Mr.  Lanagan;  Simon,  George  Brooks;  Charles,  J.  Winter;  Rose, 
Hiss  Hathaway;  Lucretia,  Mrs.  Boniface;  Sophia,  Miss  Denham. 
The  engagement  of  Geo.  C.  Boniface  for  three  years  at  this  house, 
as  leading  man,  terminated  with  a  complimentary  benefit  Jan.  24, 
when  the  following  bill  was  presented :  the  four  act  play,  "  Retribu- 
tion; "  the  petite  comedy,  "  Married  Rake  ; "  dance  by  Julia  Chris- 
tine; first  act  of  "Robert  Macaire;"  and  the  comic  drama  "The 
Sky  Rocket." 

Edward  Eddy  began  an  engagement  Jan.  26,  1863,  as  Mylcs-na- 
Coppalcen,  in  "  The  Colleen  Bawn,"  with  Fanny  Denham  as  Anne 
Chute  and  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  as  Eily  O'Connor.  The  burletta  by 
John  F.  Poole,  called  "  The  Twenty-seventh  Street  Ghost,"  was  also 
^tcd  for  the  first  time.  Frank  Brower,  the  old  minstrel  performer, 
^d  a  benefit  Jan.  30,  when  the  programme  consisted  of  **  The  Col- 
leen Bawn,"  an  olio  by  Dan  Bryant,  Little  Mack,  RoUin  Howard,  G. 
^V.  H.  Griffin,  and  W.  W.  Ncwcomb,  followed  by  the  negro  extrav- 
^nza,  **  The  Virginny  Mummy,"  with  Frank  Brower  as  Ginger  Blue, 
and*' The  Twenty-seventh  Street  Ghost."  "The  Last  Days  of  Pom- 
P«i "  was  produced  Feb.  7,  with  Mr.  Eddy  as  Arbaces.     Mr.  Eddy 

202      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Cx86j 

closed  Feb.  14,  1863,  with  "Pizarro,  or  the  Death  of  Rolla,"  cast 

RoUa E.  Eddy 

Pizarro ].  Nunan 

Alonzo W.  Marden 

Cora Miss  Hathaway 

Elvira     ....     Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 

Atalba N.  B.  Oaike 

BUnd  Man D.  Oaklej 

Boy Lillie  Eldridge 

High  Priest      ....       G.  Lingard 

The  nautical  drama  "  Paul  Jones  "  followed,  with  this  cast : 

Griffith Geo.  Ungard 

Kate  Plowden  .  .  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 
Cecelia  ....  Mrs.  Gea  Boniface 
Irish  Woman    .     .     .    Thos.  DonneUj 

Long  Tom  Coffin  ....      E.  Eddy 

The  Pilot J.  Nunan 

Barnstable Marden 

Sergt  Drill Geo.  Brooks 

Col.  Hervaro    .     .     .    .     M.  Lanagan 

This  was  succeeded  by  "The  Happy  Man/'  Eddy  as  P^dj 
Murphy,  with  the  songs,  "  The  True  Bom  Irishman,"  and  "  The 
Bold  Soldier  Boy ;  "  and  "  Warlock  of  the  Glen,"  with  Fanny  Beane 
as  Adelbert,  finished  the  night's  bill.  Geo.  C.  Boniface  reappeared 
Feb.  16.  in  "  The  Idiot  of  the  Mountain  "  and  "  Yankee  Jack,"  and 
Tony  Denier  acted  in  the  pantomime,  "  Kim  Ka." 

Tony  Denier  took  a  benefit  Feb.  27,  when  he  o£fered :  "  Hand- 
some Jack ;  "  trapeze  act  by  the  Dclcvanta  Brothers ;  "  Michael  Earle» 
the  Maniac  Lover,"  with  Wm.  McFarland  as  the  hero ;  James  Mel- 
ville and  his  children  in  acrobatic  performances ;  **  The  Magic  Flute," 
Tony  as  the  Clown ;  after  which  came  the  carnival  scene  from  "  Gus- 
tavus  III."  and  the  drama  "  Sky  Rockets."     '*  Pauvrctte  "  was  first 
seen  here  Feb.  28,  with  Boniface  as  Bernard.     John  F.  Poole  took  a 
benefit  March  6,  when  he  offered  a  bill  which  began  with  "  East 
Lynne ;  "  Charley  White  and  Thos.  G.  Riggs  in  the  sketch  "  Pilgrim 
Fathers ;  "  H.  W.  Penny,  the  gymnast ;  trial  scene  from  "  The  Mer- 
chant of  Venice ;  "  followed  by  an  olio  introducing  Frances  Lc  Roy 
in  a  medley,  Tony  Denier  with  a  comic  dance  on  stilts,  Thomas 
Donnelly,  comic  songs,  Charles  Gardner,  song  and  dance;  ''Hop 
Lite  Loo,"  the  Foster  Brothers,  acrobatic  act,  Chas.  E.  Dobson, 
banjo  solo,  and  Caroline  Edgal  in  a  dance,  followed  by  the  farce, 
"  The  Dry  Goods  Clerks,"  Master  Gibbs  in  a  song  and  dance,  the 
protean  farce  "In  and  Out  of  Place,"  with  Fanny  Den  ham  in  five 
characters,  and  finished  with  "  No  Irish  Need  Apply."    James  W.  Lin- 
gard, for  his  benefit,  March  13,  presented  "  Laugh  When  You  Can," 
"  The  Colleen  Bawn,"  **  Binks  the  Bagman,"  "  Der  Freischutz,"  and 
an  olio  by  Frank  Brower,  Cool  White,  J.  W.  Glenn,  Charley  Fox,  C 
Henry,  and  Nelse  Seymour  of  Wood's  minstrels.    "  The  Chevalier  dc 
Maison  Rouge,  or  the  Man  of  the  Red  Mansion,"  was  played  March 
18.     Edward  Eddy  played  Damon  in  "Damon  and  Pythias,"  for 
Geo.  Lingard 's  benefit,  March  31.     Fanny  Denham  had  her  benefit 
April  3,  when  the  following  was  oflfered :  "  The  Greek's  Revenge,"* 
dance  by   Little  Amelia,   the  farce  of  Jenny  Lind,  flutina  solo  by 




R.  E.  Clarke  of  Buckley's  serenaders,  **  The  Dumb  Girl  of  Grenoa/' 
J.  H.  Budworth  in  negro  acts,  **  B  B,  or  the  Benicia  Boy/'  and  **  Jack 
Sheppard/'  with  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones,  Fanny  Denham,  and  Miss  Hath- 
away as  Jack  Sheppard  (one  act  each).  ''  Satanus^  or  the  Spirit  of 
Beauty/'  by  Sterling  Coyne,  acted  in  Paris  under  the  title  of  *'  Le 
Diable  Amoureux,"  was  first  seen  here  April  6;  also  ''Delicate 
Ground,"  Helen  Osgood  making  her  first  appearance  on  the  stage 
in  the  latter  piece  as  Pauline.  E.  Eddy  commenced  April  27  in  the 
drama,  "The  Police  Spy."  ''The  Star  Spangled  Banner,  or  the 
Yankee  Tar  and  Benevolent  Jew,"  was  first  acted  April  30. 
*'  Rienzi "  was  produced  here  May  5,  with  this  cast: 

CoU  de  Rienii E.  Eddy 

Randulto Stone 

Luigi Geo.  Brooks 

Stephen  Colonna     ...      J.  Winter 

Stepbanello G.  Lingard 

Nina Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 

Sir  Walter J.  Nvluslu 

Benedette      .    .    •      Louisa  Eldridge 
Cecco  del  Veechie  .    .      N.  B.  Clarke 

Angelo Mrs.  Marden 

Irene Mrs.  Boniface 

Adrian W.  Marden 

John D.  Oakley 

Teresa Miss  Hathaway 

Eddy  acted  Charles  de  Moor  in  **  The  Robbers,"  and  Ben  Bow- 
ling in  ** Ben  the  Boatswain "  May  9.  ''La  Tour  de  Nesle "  was 
given,  with  the  "Cribb"  scene  from  "Tom  and  Jerry,"  May  11,  in 
which  Joe  Cobum  gave  an  exhibition  of  the  **  manly  art  of  self-defence." 
^  Richard  IIL"  was  played  May  23,  with  Eddy  as  Richard,  Geo.  Bon- 
iface as  Richmond,  and  Kate  Newton  as  Lady  Anne.  "  Monte 
Cristo  "  was  presented  May  25,  with  Eddy  as  Edmund  Dantes ;  May 
27  "  The  Three  Guardsmen,"  Eddy  as  Athos ;  May  29  "  Jean  Remy." 
"The  Duke's  Signal,  or  the  Hunchback  of  Paris"  ("The  Duke's 
Motto"),  for  the  first  time  in  America,  June  i,  with  Boniface  as 
Lagardere,  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  as  Blanche  de  Caylus,  Kate  Newton 
as  Pepita,  and  Mrs.  Geo.  Boniface  as  Blanche  de  Nevers.  A.  M. 
Hernandez,  Lizzie  Whclply,  Mons.  Franklin,  and  Hugh  Clarke  ap- 
peared June  5,  for  the  benefit  of  R.  S.  Smith,  the  scenic  artist. 
*•  O'Neal  the  Great"  was  played  June  13.  N.  B.  Clarke  took  his 
benefit  June  26,  and  among  the  volunteers  were  Edward  Eddy,  Tony 
Pastor,  A.  H.  Davenport,  Geo.  W.  Thompson,  Mickey  Warren  the 
jig  dancer,  J.  M.  Smith  the  bone  player,  and  G.  W.  Fleming,  banjoist. 
•*The  Colleen  Bawn,"  "The  Young  Widow,"  "King  and  Free 
Booter,"  and  "  La  Zingara  "   were  acted.    The  season  closed  July  4. 

A  summer  season  opened  July  6  with  Campbell's  minstrels.  Ned 
Davis,  Johnny  Booker,  and  Geo.  Gray  were  in  the  company.  M.  C. 
Campbell  took  a  benefit  July  24,  when  J.  E.  Greene  made  his  first 
appearance  in  this  city,  and  sang  "  The  Mocking  Bird  "  song. 

The  next  season,  of  1863-64.  began  Aug.  i.  J.  W.  Lingard  con- 
tinued in  the  management,  N.  B.  Clarke  being  stage  manager.  The 
company  included  Geo.  C.  Boniface,  W.  Marden,  J.  Nunan,  Geo. 
Lingard,  George  Beane,  Greorge  Brooks,  Andrew  Glassford,  Mrs. 

204      A   HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D 

W.  G.  Jones,  Kate  Newton,  and  Emma  Gardiner.    The  opening  sta 
were  E.  Eddy  and  Mrs.  M.  A.  Farren,  who  appeared  in  "  Brutus,  or-r 
the  Fall  of  Tarquin,"  Eddy  as  Brutus,  and  Mrs.  Farren  as  Tullia  ';^ 
Aug.  3, 4, "  Macbeth ;  "  Aug.  7, "  Bertram ;  "  Aug.  11,12,  "  Faustus; '"" 
Aug.  13,  "  Last  Days  of  Pompeii ;  "  Aug.  14,  '*  Hamlet,"  Eddy  as  th^ 
Dane,  Kate  Newton  as  Ophelia;  Aug.  15,  ** Richard  III.,"  Mrs.  Far — 
ren  as  the  Queen,  Eddy  as  Richard.    Aug.  17,  *'The  Temple  oM 
Death "  was   produced   for  the  purpose  of  introducing  the  ghosts 
illusion.     "  Macbeth "  was   given  Aug.  22.     Monk   Lewis'   super^ 
natural  drama,  "  The  Spectre,"  was  acted  Aug.  26,  with  the  ghost 
illusion.     Aug.  27  *'  Hamlet "  was  done,  with  the  illusion  in  ghost 
scenes.    Aug.  29  "  Vampire,  or  the  Ghost  of  the  Flood,"  another 
ghost   drama,  was  seen,  and  Aug.  31  came  another  ghost  drama, 
**  Glencoe,  or  the  Ghost  of  the  Highlands."     Sept.  4,  for  Mr.  Eddy's 
benefit,  twenty  ghosts  were  introduced   in   the  tableaux  of  "The 
Corsican  Brothers."     "  Guy  Fawkes "  was  done   Sept.  7,  8.     For 
Lingard's  benefit,  Sept.  11,  "The  Carpenter  of  Rouen,"  "The  Jolly 
Cobbler,"  "  Robert   Macaire,"   "  Love  and   Crockery,"   and    "  The 
Bedouin  Arabs"  constituted  the  entertainment. 

Shakespeare's  "Tempest"  was  acted  Sept.  14,  when  all  the  char- 
acters but  Prospero  were  given  with  the  ghost  effect.  E.  Eddy 
played  Caliban  for  the  first  time,  Boniface  was  Prospero,  Kate  Denin 
was  Ariel.  Sept.  21  another  ghost  drama,  entitled  "The  Night 
Demon,  or  the  Dream  Spectre,"  was  played  for  the  first  time  in 
America.  Mons.  Verrecke,  the  trapeze  performer,  made  his  d^but 
here  on  this  occasion.  Sept.  25  "The  Wizard  Priest,"  a  ghost 
drama,  was  seen.  "  The  Devil  in  the  Bowery  "  was  the  title  of  a 
local  ghost  drama  by  John  F.  Poole,  acted  Sept.  28.  A  benefit  was 
given  to  Thomas  Hyer,  the  champion  pugilist,  Oct.  7,  when  Dan 
Bryant  gave  his  stump  speech,  "  Dat's  What's  de  Matter."  "The 
North  Pole  "  and  "  The  Devil  in  the  Bowery  "  were  also  acted.  "  Eva, 
the  Irish  Princess,"  was  played  for  the  first  time  Oct.  12.  Charles 
Collins,  the  comic  singer,  appeared  in  his  act  entitled  "  The  Cure," 
and  did  a  clog  dance  Oct.  16.  For  his  benefit,  Oct.  30,  Boniface 
acted  Mose  in  "  A  Glance  at  New  York  "  for  the  first  time.  That 
same  night  he  played  The  Stranger,  Vapid,  in  "  The  Dramatist," 
and  Paddy  Murphy  in  "The  Happy  Man."  Jackson  Haines,  the 
skater,  appeared  here  Oct.  26,  also  at  Christy's  Minstrel  Hall  the 
same  night.  Oct.  31,  first  time  in  America,  the  new  drama  by  Ed- 
ward Sterling,  "  The  Jew  of  Southwark,  or  the  Mendicant's  Son." 
This  was  followed  by  "The  Flying  Dutchman,"  and  Emma  Gardiner 
did  a  dance  between  the  pieces.  John  F.  Poole's  drama,  "  The  Soap 
Fat  Man,"  was  given  Nov.  7,  with  "  The  Angel  of  the  Attic,"  "  The 
Knights  of  the  Mist,"  and  "  Robbers  of  the  Heath."  Leo  Hudson 
made  her  first  appearance  in  this  city  Nov.  9  in  "  Mazeppa,"  with 
this  cast: 




The  Castellan Seabert 

Count  Premislaus    .     .     .   W.  Marden 

ReecUloff D.  Oakley 

Drolinsko Geo.  Brooks 

Mazeppa Leo  Hudson 

Thamar Geo.  Lingard 

Zemba P.  Connelly 

Olinska     ....   Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 
Agatha      ....      Louisa  Eldridge 

Zemila Kate  Newton 

Abder  Kahn  ....      N.  B.  Clarke 
Oneiza       .     .     .     Mrs.  Geo.  Boniface 

For  N.  B.  Clarke's  benefit,  Nov.   17,  in  addition  to  •* Mazeppa" 
(for  the  first  time  in  New  York),  **  The  New  York  Pilot  of  1792,"  was 
presented.     Leo  Hudson  took  her  benefit  Nov.  20,  when  *'  Mazeppa/' 
"  Warlock  of  the  Glen,"  "  My  Fellow  Clerk/'  and  an  olio  made  up  the 
bill.     For  the  week  commencing  Nov.  23,  in  addition  to  Leo  Hudson, 
Edwin  Blanchard  and  his  trained  dogs,  Carlo  and  Bruin,  appeared 
in  "  The  Rover  and  His  Dog."     Blanchard  had  just  returned  from 
Europe  after  an  absence  of  five  years.     Leo  Hudson,  for  her  benefit, 
Nov.  2T^  acted  "  Jack  Sheppard  "  and  "  The  French  Spy ;  "  Blanch- 
ard appeared  in  **  The  Rover  and  His  Dog,"  and  Fred  Lubin,  the 
magician,  gave  his  entertainment.     Mr.  Lubin  retired  from  the  pro- 
fession many  years  ago,  and  managed  Clarendon  Hall,  this  city. 
He  died  in  this  city  March  3,  1900.     "The  Carrier  and  His  Dog" 
and  "  Rookwood  "  were  given  Nov.  30.     Dec.  4  Leo  Hudson  acted 
Narramattah  in  "  Wept  of  the  Wish-ton-Wish,"  and  Geo.  Davenport 
made  bis  first  appearance  here,  as  Content  Pleathcote.    Mr.  Blanchard 
continued  the  star  the  following  week,  and  appeared  in  "  The  Dumb 
Boy.  or  the  Dogs  of  the  Ferry,"  **  The  Carrier  and  his  Dog,"  and 
"  Felon's  Death."     "  Dog  of  the  Old  Stone  Cross,  or  the  Vision  of 
Death  "  was  played  for  the  first  time  Dec.  14.     "  Paul  Clifford  "  was 
also  acted,  with  Geo.  Boniface  as  the  hero.     For  Blanchard's  benefit, 
Dec.  18,  there  were  given:  **  Dumb  Man  of  Manchester,"  **  Richard 
Cocur  De  Leon,"  "Tom  and  Jerry,"  a  dance  by  Miss  Gardiner  and 
].  M.  Smith,  and  Wm.  Adams  did  a  banjo  and  bone  solo.     The  pan- 
tomime "  Harlequin  Almighty  Dollar,  or  the  Coins  of  America/' 
was  seen   Dec.  21,  for  the  first  time  in  America.     Dec.  28,  **The 
Surgeon  of  Paris,  or  the  Queen  and  Mask,"  "  Idiot  of  the  Shannon, 
or  The  Harper  and  His  Dog,"  and  *'  The  Sky  Rockets,"  were  given. 
Boniface  acted  Mose  in  **  A  Glance  at  New  York,"  Jan.  i,  1864,  for 
the  matinde,  and  at  night  the  bill  was  "  The  Devil  in  the  Bowery," 
"Valentine  and  Orson,"  the  local  drama  *' Scamps  of  New  YorK/' 
*nd  "A  Balloon  Ascension."     Kate  Fisher  appeared  in  '*  Mazeppa" 
J^  4,  and  Blanchard  entered  upon  the  seventh  week  of  his  engage- 
ment, acting  for  the  first  time  **  The  Dumb  Boy."     Kate  Fisher  took 
bcr  benefit  Jan.  15,  on  which  occasion  Yankee  Robinson  made  his 
first  appearance  in  this  city  as  Darius  Dutton  in  "The  Unionist's 
Daughter,  or  Life  in  the  Border  States."     Kate  Fisher  is  at  present 
living  at  Bath  Beach,  L.  I.,  having  retired  from  the  profession  some 
years  ago.     She  is  the  wife  of  John  G.  Magle.     She  was  born  in 
Boston,  Mass.,  April  16,  1840,  and  had  been  on  the  stage  since  1852, 

2o6     A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D«4- 



having  made  her  ddbut  Oct.  6,  as  a  danseuse,  at  Burton's  Chambers 
Street  Theatre.     Her  first  husband  was  Gaines  Clark. 

"  Cato,  or  a  Slave's  Revenge  and  the  Dog  of  the  Plantation/* 
was  acted  Jan.  i8  (for  the  first  time  in  America),  with  "  Mazeppa." 
Kate  Fisher  commenced  her  fifth  week  Feb.  i,  with  "  Rookwood, 
and  Blanchard  his  sixty-first  night,  in  **  The  Shipwrecked  Mariner. 
The  afterpiece  was  "  The  Three  Fast  Men,  or  the  Female  Robinson 
Crusoes,"  in  which  Kate  Fisher  assumed  eight  characters.  J.  W. 
Lingard  had  a  benefit  Feb.  5,  prior  to  his  departure  for  Europe,  and 
the  attraction  presented  consisted  of  "  Rookwood,"  Campbell's 
minstrels  in  an  olio  by  Eddy  Hughes,  Frank  Gerard,  Ned  Davis, 
Johnny  Booker,  J.  H.  Whiting,  E.  Glover,  and  Mert  Sexton,  the  drama 
of  '*  Blueskin,"  Donovan  and  Charles  A.  Madigan  in  an  acrobatic 
act,  and  "The  Three  Fast  Men."  The  curtain  dropped  at  one 
o'clock.  Wm.  B.  English's  drama,  "  Mike  Martin,  the  Terror  of  the 
Highway,"  was  given  Feb.  8,  with  Kate  Fisher  as  Mike  Martin; 
Feb.  15  "  The  Ticket  of  Leave  Man"  was  produced,  with  Edward 
Eddy  as  Bob  Brierly,  G.  C.  Boniface  as  Hawkshaw,  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 
as  May  Edwards,  George  Brooks  as  Green  Jones,  Kate  Newton  as 
Sam  Willoughby,  Wm.  Marden  as  Dalton,  Annie  Hathaway  as 
Emily  St.  Evremond,  Andy  Glassford  as  Melter  Moss,  and  Louisa 
Eldridge  as  Mrs.  Willoughby.  Edwin  Blanchard's  engagement  came 
to  a  close  Feb.  17.  "The  Ticket  of  Leave  Man"  kept  the  stage 
until  March  3, when  "The  Colleen  Bawn  "  was  revived, with  this  cast: 

Myles-na-Coppaleen    .    .     .    £.  Eddy 
Hardress  Cregan     .    .     .    W.  Marden 

Corrigan A.  Glassford 

Hyland  Creagh  ....       J.  Winter 
Mrs.  Creean      .    .        Miss  Hathaway 

Kyrle  Daly G.  Lingard 

Ducie  Blennerhasset    .        Miss  Bowes 

Eily  O'Connor   .        Mrs.  W.  G.  Tones 

Sheelah Louisa  Eldxidze 

Father  Tom Geo.  Brooks 

Danny  Mann      ....      D.  Noorse 

Dennis P.  Connelly 

Bertie Seabert 

Anne  Chute   ....      Kate  Newton 

Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  sang  "  The  Cruiskeen  Lawn,"  and  "The  Pretty 
Maid  Milking  her  Cow."  ^The  Police  Spy"  was  acted  March  7. 
It  was  written  expressly  fbr  Edward  Eddy.  March  18  Eddy  played 
Rip  Van  Winkle,  an^'Capt.  Buridan  in  **  La  Tour  de  Nesle/'  for 
his  benefit.  "  JqfTy  Ledrew,  or  the  American  Jack  Sheppard,"  was 
the  title  of  a  ilratna  by  John  F.  Poole,  first  acted  March  28.  It  was 
cast  as  foirdws : 


Jerry  Ledrcw,  a  highwayman  of  Paris Geo.  Boniface 

Keggs,  his  companion Geo.  Brooks 

Rupert  Northdale D.  Nourse 

Welton F.  Evans 

Gabrielle  Bertin,  the  Deserted       Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 





Scene — New  York. 


ack  Keggs Geo.  Brooks 

Driecks  .     .     .     .     G.  Davenport 
Francis  Darrand.     .     .     .  Jos.  Winter 

Florence Mrs.  Boniface 

]ack  Sheppard    .    .    .   Geo.^Boniface 

Capt.  Rupert      .     .     .     .    D.  Nourse 

Skinner A.  Glassford 

Spight F.  Evans 

Gabrielle    ....  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 
Mrs.  Van  Driecks    .     Louisa  Eldridge 

Marie  Zee,  *'  The  Cuban  Svlph,"  began  an  engagement  here  April 
4  in  "  The  French  Spy."    Tne  orientd  tale  of  enchantment  entitled 
^'Thalaba  the  Destroyer,  or  the  Burning  Sword  of  Hodeisa,"  was 
given  here  the  same  night     For  Geo.  C.  Boniface's  benefit,  April  8, 
the  bill  was :  '*  The  Iron  Chest,"  Boniface  as  Sir  Edward  Mortimer ; 
the  "  Flying  Dutchman,"  Zoe  as  Vanderdecken ;  the  nautical  drama 
"Jack's  the  Lad,"  Boniface  as  the  noble  tar;  Sailors'  Hornpipe  by 
Katie  Glassford ;  and  the  farce  ''  Hibernian,"  with  G.  C.  Davenport 
as  Dennis  Murphy.    The  performance  was  over  at  ten  minutes  past 
one.    "  Cudjo  Cave,"  a  drama  by  John  F.  Poole,  was  seen  April  11. 
The  three  hundredth  anniversary  of  Shakespeare's  birth,  April  23, 
1864,  was  observed  by  a  benefit  for  the  American  Dramatic  Fund  Asso- 
ciation.   "  The  Sea  of  Ice  "  was  presented  April  27,  with  Geo.  Bon- 
iface as  Marquis  del  Monte,  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  as  Ogarita.     Kate 
Vance  appeared  May  2,  in  "  Mazeppa."     For  John  F.  Poole's  benefit. 
May  6,  Kittie  Fyffe  (wife  of  Charles  J.  Fyffe^  made  her  d^but  here 
as  Nancy  Strap,  in  "A  Pleasant   Neighbor.       "  Rookwood  "  was 
played  May  9,  with  Kate  Vance  as  Dick  Turpin.     For  James  Clute's 
benefit.  May  20,  Kate  Vance  appeared  in  "The  Three  Fast  Men." 
"Tom  and  Jerry"  was  also  acted,  and  John  Heenan,  the  pugilist, 
Prof.  Whitney,  and  Millage  Cornell  appeared  in  the  "  Cribb  "  scene, 
in  a  display  of  the  art  01  self-defence.     "  Heme  the  Hunter  "  was 
acted  May  23,  with  Kate  Vance  as  Hernc. 

N.  B.  Clarke  took  his  benefit  May  24,  1864,  when  "Barney  the 

Baron,"  Barney  Williams  in  the  title  rdle;  "Happy  Man,"  Barney 

Williams  as  Paddy  Murphy ;  Frank  Browcr,  in  his  "  Happy  Uncle 

Tom"  act,  accompanied  on  the  banjo  by  W.  S.  Budworth;    the 

French  drama  "  Duel  in  the  Snow ;  "  and  "  The  Lost  Son  "  formed 

the  bill.     Edwin  Blanchard  reappeared  May  30,  with   his  dog,  in 

"The  Forest  of  Bondy."    A  benefit  was  given  to  Samuel  P.  Mills 

June  3,  when  "  The  Cattle  Stealers,"  Aynsley  Cook  in  a  ballad, "  Will 

IVatch,  or  the  Black  Phantom  of  the  Cliff,"  Masters  Goodwin  and 

Collins  in  a  clog  dance,  the  drama  of  the  "  Toodles,"  with  Edward 

Lamb  as  Toodles,  scenes  from  "  The  Lady  of  the  Lake,"  by  Frank 

Evans  and  T.  W.  Keene,  and  the  farce  "  Your  Life  *s  in  Danger," 

made  up  the  programme. 

Edward  Eddy  returned  here  June  6,  as  Badger  in  "The  Poor  of 
New  York."     "  The  Old  House  on  the  Bridge  "  was  seen  for  the  first 


time  June  20.    "  Calderoni "  was  also  acted,  with  Geo.  W.  Thompsor  ^ 
(first  appearance)  in  the  leading  character.     George  Boniface  an 
Kate  Newton  took  a  benefit  June  21,  when  **  Laugh  When  You  Can, 
Boniface  as  Geo.  Gossamer ;   recitation  of  "  Shamus  O'Brien/ 
James  M.  Ward ;  *'  Toodles,"  with  Edward  Lamb  in  the  title  r6K 
a  song  by  Marie  Boniface ;  Frank  Brower  and  Cool  White  in  a  negc-no 
act ;  Kate  Newton  as  the  French  spy,  for  the  first  time,  "  Dolly     " 
Davenport  as  Col.  Bernelle ;  and  the  farce  "  The  Irish  Doctor  "  were 
o£Fered.    James  Lingard  had  another  benefit  June  28,  with  Eddy, 
as  Capt.  O'Brallahan  in  the  *' Irish  Dragoon;"  Bryant's  minstrels  in 
a  first  part ;  "  The  Married  Rake;"  Tony  Pastor  with  comic  songs; 
Charles  E.  Collins,  " The  Cure ;"    "  Slasher  and  Crasher;"  and  "  All 
the  World 's  a  Stage "  made  up  the  bill.     It  was  over  at  half-past 
twelve.     "The  Cataract  of  the  Ganges"  was  presented  July  11,  with 
Kate  Fisher  as  Zamine,  Kittie  Fyffe  as  Ubra,  and  Geo.  W.  Thomp- 
son as  Mokarra. 

J.  Burdette  Howe  appeared  July  18  as  Phidias  in  "The  Marble 
Heart."  This  was  followed  by  "  Ella  Rosenberg,"  and  "  Young 
America ;  "  July  20  "  Wallace,  the  Hero  of  Scotland,"  and  "  Black 
Eyed  Susan,"  formed  the  bill,  with  Howe  as  Wallace  and  William 
in  the  latter  drama.  July  21  "Don  Caesar  de  Bazan,"  "Tom 
Cringle's  Log  House,"  and  "  The  Artful  Dodger,"  were  given ;  July 
22,  "  Vision  of  the  Dead ;"  July  23,  "  The  New  York  Fireman,"  with 
Howe  as  Frederick  Jerome.  Aug.  i,  for  the  first  time  in  America, 
was  seen  "  Such  is  Life,  or  a  Glance  at  the  Times."  Frank  Brower 
had  a  benefit  Aug.  3,  when  the  nautical  drama  "  My  Poll  and  ray 
Partner  Joe;"  the  burlesque  "Mazeppa,  or  the  Untamed  Rocking 
Horse,"  Frank  Drew  as  Mazeppa,  Robert  H.  Craig  as  Abder  Kahn ; 
Mabel  Giffert  in  a  dance;  Henry  Lockwood  Glenn,  and  Schwicardi, 
of  Wood's  minstrels,  in  "  Come  Where  my  Love  Lies  Dreaming;" 
Cool  White  and  Frank  Brower  in  a  negro  act  and  "  The  Dumb  Girl 
of  Genoa,"  with  Frank  Mordaunt  as  Strapado ;  and  La  Belle  Oceana 
as  Julietta,  formed  the  programme,  which  closed  at  half-past  twelve. 
The  season  ended  Aug.  6,  with  "  The  Reprobate's  Son,"  "  Don 
Caesar  de  Bazan,"  "The  Pirate's  Legacy,"  and  "The  Mogul  Tale," 

Annie  Hathaway  made  her  last  appearance  on  the  New  York  stage 
with  the  close  of  this  season.  She  was  married  to  Harvey  Blessenherz, 
leader  of  the  orchestra  of  the  theatre,  and  from  this  city  she  went 
West,  and  died  in  Indianapolis,  Ind.,  Feb.  2,  1894. 

J.  W.  Lingard  had  many  important  improvements  eflfected  in  this 
theatre  during  the  summer  recess.  N.  B.  Clarke  was  stage  manager, 
and  among  the  members  of  the  company  were :  J.  B.  Howe,  Greorge 
Brooks,  Geo.  W.  Thompson,  Geo.  Lingard,  G.  C.  Davenport, 
W.  Marden,  A.  Glassford,  Phillips,  Seabert,  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones,  Mrs. 
Geo.  Boniface,  Mrs.  Alice  Brooks,  and  Kittie  Fyffe.  The  season 
began  Aug.  20,  1864,  with  "  The  Surgeon  of   Paris,"  "  A  Glance  at 




Hew  York/'  and  "  Young  America ;"  Aug.  22  and  23,  "The  Sightless 
Bride;"  Aug.  24  and  25,  "The  Iron  Mask/'  with  J.  B.  Howe  as 
Gaston ;  Aug.  26, ''  Richard  HI. ; "  Aug.  29, "  Cartouche,  the  Great 
Highwayman  of  Paris;"  Sept.  4,  "Vidocq,  the  Thief  Taker  of 
Rtfis ;  '*  and  Sept  12,  *'  Macbeth/'  E.  Eddy  as  Macbeth,  J.  B.  Howe 
u  Macduff,  Geo.  W.  Thompson  as  Banquo,  and  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 
u  Lady  Macbeth.  Sept.  15  "Hamlet"  was  played,  with  Eddy  as 
the  Dane ;  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones,  Ophelia ;  J.  B.  Howe,  the  Ghost.  Sept. 
i6» "  Damon  and  Pythias/'  Eddy  as  Damon,  and  Howe  as  IVthias ; 
Sept.  17,  "  Nick  ot  the  Woods;"  Sept.  26  and  27,  "  Monte  Cristo/' 
Eddy  as  Dantes;  Sept.  28,  "The  Dead  Heart,"  Eddy  as  Robert 
Landry.  For  his  benefit,  Oct.  7,  Eddy  acted  Shylock  in  "  The  Mer- 
chant of  Venice/'  O'Callahan  in  "  His  Last  Legs,"  and  Patrick 
Donovan  in  "The  Greek  Spy."  "The  Artful  Dodger"  was  the 
afterpiece.  "  Bessy  Wild,  or  the  Thief  Taker's  Daughter,"  by  J.  B. 
Howe,  was  first  g^ven  Oct.  la  J.  B.  Howe's  drama  "llie  Merry 
Wvcs  of  New  York"  was  first  seen  Oct.  17;  "The  Convict  Mar- 
quis/' and  "  The  Charcoal  Burner,  or  the  Dripping  Well  of  Knares- 
borough,"  Oct.  24;  Mollie  Williams  and  Felix  A.  Vincent  appeared 
Oct  31  in  "  Cricket,  or  the  Wild  Flower  of  Normandy,"  and  the 
ftfce  "Jenny  Lind  at  Last."  Miss  M.  Douglass  made  her  d^but 
here  Nov.  7,  as  Nora  O'Brien  in  "  The  Irishman's  Heart/'  *'  Old 
Phil's  Birthday/'  was  presented  Nov.  11,  with  Felix  Vincent  as  Old 
Phil  Stapleton,  and  Jenny  Fisher  as  Marion  Hardress. 

Manager  Lingard  took  a  benefit  at  the  Academv  of  Music 
Nov.  17.  Felix  Vincent  and  Mollie  Williams  closed  their  engage- 
ment Nov.  19  with  "  The  French  Spy,"  "  The  Wizard  Skiflf,"  and 
the  farces  "  Honest  John  "  and  "  The  Two  Buzzards."  "  Fabian 
the  Serf,  and  Pauline  of  Bourbon"  were  first  acted  Nov.  21.  Mr. 
ind  Mrs.  William  Gomersal  made  their  first  appearance  in  this 
theatre  Nov.  28,  as  Blinkey  Brown  and  Sarah  Sawyer  in  "  Waiting 
br  the  Verdict."    The  drama  had  this  cast: 

Uwt  FIcuvillc  .  .  .  .  W.  Mardcn 
RvBphrev  Higson  ....  Connelly 
Udy  Emily  ....  Mrs.  Boniface 
Viicount  ^more  .  .  G.  W.  Mitchell 
Maltha  Roseblade  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 
Sarah  Sawjer  Mrs.  Wm.  Gomersal 
Rcf.  Owen  Hylton       .     .     .J.  Winter 

Grafton G.  Lingard 

Jonas G.  W.  Thompson 

Jonathan  Roseblade  .  .  A.  Glassford 
Earl  of  Milford  ...  N.  B.  Clarke 
Mrs.  Burnley  ....  Mrs.  Bowes 
Jasper  Roseblade     .     .     .    J.  B.  Howe 

Dec.  7  "  Rob  Roy,"  was  produced,  with  J.  B.  Howe  in  the  title 
fftlc,  and  Gomersal  as  Dougal.  Dec.  9  "  The  Workhouse  Boy,  or 
the  Scamps  of  the  Seven  Dials,"  was  g^ven,  with  Mrs.  Gomersal  as 
Oliver  Twist,  Gomersal  as  the  Dodger ;  also  the  same  night  "  The 
Child  of  the  Regiment,"  in  which  Mrs.  Gomersal  acted  Josephine, 
^  afterpiece  was  "  Blondin  on  the  Low  Rope,"  with  Gomersal  as 
Blondin ;  "  The  Charcoal  Man,"  by  John  F.  Poole,  and  "  The  Black 

▼OL  II.  —  14 

21 0      A   HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Qia 

Bag"  an  extravaganza,  by  J.  B.  Howe,  were  seen  Dec.  12.  Fc 
William  Post's  (officer  of  the  house)  benefit,  Dec.  22,  "  The  Mulete< 
of  Toledo ;  "  "  Presumptive  Evidence ;  "  "  The  Artful  Dodger ;  *'  Wa 
lace's  Brass  Band  ;  Marietta  Ravel  on  the  tight  rope ;  songs  b 
Tommy  Shields  and  Fred  Shaw ;  Prof.  Whitney  and  Millage  Come 
in  a  set-to  with  the  boxing-gloves;  Francis  Siegrist  and  Maste 
George  Siegrist,  trapeze  act;  Nelse  Seymour  and  Master  Tomm 
in  a  song  and  dance ;  and  John  Engler  in  a  skating  act,  made  up  th 
bill.  Dec.  26  J.  B.  Howe's  drama  "Jerry  Abbershaw"  was  pre 
sented  ;  also  '*  The  Cross  of  Death,"  with  G.  W.  Thompson  in  tb 
leading  rdle. 

Addie  Anderson  commenced  an  engagement  Jan.  30,  1865,  ii 
'*Mazeppa."  She  died  in  Chicago,  June,  17,  1884.  Feb.  3,  Jame 
M.  Nixon  had  a  benefit,  and  the  same  ring  used  at  Niblo's  Garde 
for  Cooke's  Royal  Circus  was  brought  into  requisition.  In  additio: 
to  "  The  Steel  Cap,"  an  equestrian  entertainment  was  g^ven  by  th 
following:  George  Brooks  appeared  as  a  clown  for  the  first  time 
James  Melville  and  his  Australian  family;  Chas.  Sherwood,  Joe  Peni 
land,  Madigan  and  Donovan,  Mme.  Louise  Toumiaire,  Robei 
Stickney,  M.  Carron,  F.  Siegrist,  J.  Barry,  John  Foster,  F.  Burl 
J.  Hawkins,  T.  Stewart,  Young  Chillian,  H.  Metcalf,  Master  George 
Master  Sherwood,  Nat  Austin,  and  others.  Feb.  6  Mollie  William 
and  Felix  A.  Vincent  reappeared.  "  The  Organ  Grinder,  or  Nanni 
the  Street  Singer,"  by  Auguste  Waldauer,  was  produced  Feb.  13 
Mrs.  W.  H.  Leighton  and  Yankee  Locke  were  seen  Feb.  20  i 
"  Little  Devil,"  Sam  Patch  in  "  France "  and  "  The  Fool  of  th 
Family."  J.  B.  Howe  disappeared  very  suddenly  Feb.  23,  and  vra 
arrested  on  board  the  steamer  just  as  he  was  about  sailing  for  Eng 
land.  He  was  arrested  at  the  suit  of  James  Lingard  for  a  deb 
of  ^268,  and  was  conveyed  to  Ludlow  Street  Jail.  It  appears  tha 
Mr.  Howe  was  engaged  in  England  by  Mr.  Lingard  for  three  years  a 
a  salary  of  X8  per  week  and  two  half-clear  benefits.  After  signinj 
the  contract  he  discovered  "  dollars  "  inserted  instead  of  "  pounds,' 
and  having  previously  been  here,  he  knew  the  difiEerence,  par 
ticularly  just  after  the  war  times.  But  he  was  assured  by  the  agen 
(Lingard  having  left  London)  that  the  error  would  be  rectified  01 
his  arrival  in  New  York.  Mr.  Howe  was  also  to  be  paid  for  what 
ever  dramas  he  should  write  and  were  produced  here.  He  claimei 
that  his  salary  was  so  small  that  he  had  to  borrow  the  amount  a 
money  from  Mr.  Lingard;  furthermore,  that  Lingard  owed  bin 
^200  for  two  dramas.  Mr.  Howe  secured  a  lawyer,  and  on  tb 
ground  of  false  imprisonment  he  was  discharged  after  being  incar 
cerated  twenty-four  hours.  He  was  advised  to  arrest  Mr.  Lingan 
for  false  imprisonment,  but  he  preferred  getting  to  England  as  soo 
as  possible,  as  he  had  a  very  good  offer  of  a  star  engagement  awail 
ing  him.     His  salary  here  amounted  to  less  than  five  pounds  (ii 




itemd  of  eight),  as  "  shin  plasters  "  were  worth  about  forty-five  cents 
to  the  gold  dollar. 

George  C.  Boni&ce  and  Kate  Newton  began  a  round  of  Shake* 
tpearian  characters,  Feb.  26.  March  8  a  complimentaiy  benefit  was 
^ven  to  T.  B.  De  Walden,  and  March  13,  Walter  Grisclale  made  his 
irst  appearance  in  America  as  Virg^nius.  William  Marden  acted 
!cilius;  Geo.  W.  Thompson,  Appius  Claudius;  and  Annie  Hyatt, 
Virginia.  March  14,  "  A  New  Way  to  Pay  Old  Debts,"  "  King 
Lear,"  "Mountaineers."  March  18,  "Richard  HI."  March  20, 
'Gaelic  Chief,"  which  ran  until  April  7,  when  Geo.  Brooks  took 
I  benefit,  which  was  not  over  until  12.50  o'clock.  Geo.  C,  Charles, 
ind  Emilie  Melville  March  10,  in  "  Ireland  and  America,"  *'  Jenny 
Lind,"  and  "  The  Irish  Lion."  In  consequence  of  the  assassination 
if  President  Lincoln,  the  house  was  closed  from  April  14  to  April 
15,  inclusive.  It  reopened  April  26,  with  Walter  Grisdale  as  Ethel- 
irood,  in  "The  Tomb!  the  Throne  I  and  the  Scaffold!"  May  i, 
'Hamlet,"  Grisdale  as  Hamlet.  May  5,  "Macbeth,"  Grisdale  as 
be  Thane.  E.  Eddy  returned  May  8,  as  Jean  Remy.  May  10, 
*The  Last  Days  of  Pompeii."  May  11,  the  Indian  tragedy,  "  Man- 
dnimo."  May  22  Henry  Leslie's  play,  "  The  Mariner's  Compass," 
acted  for  the  first  time  in  America,  cast  as  follows : 

SOm  Engleheart  .  .  .  .  E.  Eddy 
Tlra£dgar  Joe  ...  A.  Glassford 
Joaatban  Scoaley  ....  Seabert 
Rabj  Dererell    .     .     .     Wm.  Marden 

Hetty  Arnold 
Selina    .     . 
Little  Annie 

.  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 

.     .      Annie  Hvatt 

Eliza  Glassford 

*'The  Mariner's  Compass"  after  being  transformed  by  James  A. 
Heme  into  his  "  original "  drama  "  Hearts  of  Oak  "  was  acted  by 
that  gentleman  for  many  seasons.  Edward  Eddy  closed  a  six 
weeks'  stay  June  10,  with  "  Pizarro."  "  The  Greek  Spy,"  and  "  Alice 
May."  "  The  Accusing  Sprit,  or  Three  Travellers  of  the  Tyrol," 
Jnne  12.  "The  Mysterious  Marriage,  or  Camilla's  Husband,"  with 
Mrs.  Jones  as  Lady  Camilla,  June  16,  for  the  first  time  in  New 
York.  Lizzie  Wood  was  the  next  "  Mazeppa  "  star,  who  commenced 
lone  26.  Once  more  Manager  James  Lingard  made  a  begging 
ippeal,  in  the  shape  of  a  benefit,  June  27.  The  regular  season 
doied  July  8,  with  "Jack  Sheppard  on  Horseback,"  the  national 
dnma, "  The  Star  Spangled  Banner,"  "  The  King  and  Deserter," 
lod  "  Fortune's  Frolic." 

A  summer  season  commenced  July  10,  under  the  management  of 
G.  C.  Boniface,  Kate  Estelle,  and  G.  C.  Davenport  joining.  "  Ham- 
kt"  was  the  initial  performance,  with  Boniface  as  the  Prince,  Kate 
EstcUc  as  the  Queen,  Mrs.  Geo.  Boniface  as  Ophelia,  Geo.  C. 
Davenport  as  the  Gravedigger, and  N.  B.  Clarke  the  Ghost;  July  11, 
Boniface  played  Claude  Mclnotte,  to  Kate  Estelle's  Pauline;  July  12, 
Romeo;  July  13,  Richelieu  ;  July  14,  Sir  Harcourt  Courtley  in  "  Lon- 

212      A   HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D«5 

don  Assurance  " :  F.  A.  Tannehill  first  acted  in  this  city  as  Dazzle; 
Kate  EstcUe  was  the  Lady  Gay ;  Mrs.  Boniface,  Grace ;  G.  C.  Daven- 
port, Mark  Meddle;  Marden  as  Charles  Courtley;  Seabert,  Dolly 
Spanker ;  and  J.  P.  Winter  as  Cool.  "  The  Widow's  Victim,"  with  G. 
C.  Davenport  as  Jerry  Clip,  in  which  he  gave  imitations  of  Wm. 
Wheatley,  Barney  Williams,  Barry  Sullivan,  and  G.  C.  Boniface; 
July  IS,  "  Wallace,  the  Hero  of  Scotland,"  with  Boniface  in  the  tide 
rdle,  "Yankee  Jack"  (Boniface  as  Jack),  and  "The  Happy  Man;" 
July  17,  for  the  first  time  in  five  years,  Boniface  as  Luke  Fielding  in 
"The  Willow  Copse;  "  July  13,  "St.  Mary's  Eve"  and  "  Lucrcna 
Borgia"  were  played;  July  19,  "The  Sea  of  Ice;  "  July  20,  "Wild 
Oats;"  July  21,  "Laugh  When  You  Can;  July  22,  "La  Tour  dc 
Nesle."  "  Tom  Cringle,"  and  "  Ireland  As  It  Was."  Ellen  Grey  was 
specially  engaged  for  Margaret  of  Burgundy  —  her  first  appearana 
in  five  years.  The  summer  season  closed  July  24,  with  a  benefit  to 
Geo.  Boniface,  when  "  Macbeth"  was  acted. 

The  theatre  closed  after  this  performance,  and  reopened  July  29, 
1865,  with  the  following  company:  Walter  Grisdale,  Geo.  Brooki, 
Geo.  W.  Thompson,  Geo.  Lingard,  James  W.  Lingard,  N.  B,  Clarke, 
J.  Winter,  Stanton,  Seabert,  DeMall,  R.  Smith,  Wilson,  Annie  Hyatt, 
Marion  Willis,  Mrs.  Harry  Jordan,  Mrs.  Geo.  Brooks  (now  Mn. 
Hart  Conway)  and  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones.  The  opening  programme  was 
"  Kathleen  Mavourneen,"  "  The  Wandering  Minstrel "  and  "  The 
King  and  Freebooter."  Aug.  4  "  Richard  III."  was  played,  Walter 
Grisdale  as  Richard;  Aug.  5,  "  Claude  Duval;  "  Aug.  7,  first  time, 
"Dream  of  Destiny."  James  C.Dunn  took  a  benefit  Aug.  9,  and 
the  bill  was:  "  Pizarro,"  J.  B.  Studley  as  RoUa;  "  The  French  Spy" 
was  acted,  Kate  Pennoyer  as  Mathilde  (for  the  first  time),  Jas.  C. 
Dunn  as  Col.  Bernelle ;  the  fifth  act  of  "  Richard  III.,"  Sam  Glenn  as 
the  crooked-backed  tyrant  in  Dutch ;  and  "  Barney,  the  Irish  Tinker," 
James  M.  Ward  as  Barney.  It  was  just  one  o'clock  when  the  pcrfonn- 
ance  was  over.  Aug.  12,  the  old  spectacle,  "  Gio,  the  Armorer  d 
Tyre,"  "The  Maid  of  Croissy,"  and  "The  Wandering  Minstrd;* 
Aug.  19,  "  Hawk,  the  Highwayman,"  in  which  James  W.  Lingard 
acted  Sir  John  Boyes,  also  the  drama  "  Vampire,"  and  (for  the  firit 
time) "  The  Midnight  Banquet ;  "  Aug.  21,  an  adaptation  of  Le  Bossa, 
entitled  "  The  Duke's  Signal,"  the  drama  of  "  The  Robber  of  Sdo.'* 
and  "  The  Jolly  Cobbler  "  were  played ;  Aug.  26,  "  The  Blue  Dwaii* 
or  Love  and  Crime,"  followed  by  "The  Yankee  Cobbler;  "  "Chai» 
of  Guilt "  was  played,  and  "  Landsharks  and  Seagulls ;  "  Aug.  28  wa 
the  first  night  ot  "Money  and  Misery."  In  the  first  piece  Littl' 
Lulu  (Lulu  Jordan)  played  Hester. 

Geo.  C.  Boniface  returned  Sept.  4,  in  "  Othello,"  Boniface  as 
Grisdale  as  the  Moor;  Sept.  5,  "Macbeth,"  Boniface  as  Macbctiak 
Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  as  Lady  Macbeth ;  Sept.  6,  "  Julius  Caesar,"  Bon^* 
face  as  Marc  Antony ;  Sept.  7,  "  Macbeth,"  Grisdale  as  MacbetB' 

tmn  NEW  BOWERY  THEATRE  21 3 

Boniface  as  Macduff.  There  were  also  played  the  same  night 
"Buried  Alive/*  and  "The  Strike."  For  Geo.  Boniface's  benefit, 
Sept  8,  ''Robert  Macaire,"  Boniface  in  the  title  rdle;  Geo.  C. 
Dftvenporty  with  songs  and  dances ;  the  comedy  "  Perfection,"  Harry 
Pterson  and  A.  H.  Davenport  as  Sir  Lawrence  Paragon  and  Charles 
Paragon;  ''Sketches  in  India/'  Florence  La  Fond  (first  appearance 
in  New  York)  as  Sally  Scraggs,  J.  H.  Jack  as  Sir  Mathew  Scraggs, 
lod  Nelly  Taylor  as  Lady  Scraggs  ;  also  "  Blueskin/*  in  three  acts 
md  twenty  tableaux,  Boniface  as  Jack  Sheppard,  James  W.  Lingard 
IS  Blueskin,  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  as  Eldgeworth  Bess,  composed  the  bill. 
Ilr.  Boniface's  engagement  closed  Sept.  9,  and  the  prog^mme  was : 
LcKiisa  Medina's  (Mrs.  Thomas  Hamblin)  drama,  "Nick  of  the 
MToods/'  Boniface  as  Jibbenainosay  ;  the  new  three-act  drama  "  The 
Life  and  Adventures  of  Cartouche,  the  Great  Highwayman  of  Paris/' 
md  "  The  Chain  of  Guilt."  Sept.  1 1  Edward  Eddy  appeared  in 
•The  Wizard  of  the  Wave ;  "  SepL  15,  in  "  Pizarro/'  Eddy  as  Rolla; 
Sept.  16,  "William  Tell/'  "Paul  Jones/'  and  "  A  Glance  at  New 
fork."  Eddy  played  William  Tell  and  Long  Tom  Coffin.  Sept.  18, 
lie  new  historical  five-act  drama  translated  from  the  French  by  Fred 
Schwab, "  The  Life  and  Times  of  Richard  HL"  The  national  drama, 
'  False  Colors  "  and  "  Buried  Alive "  were  also  played  the  same 
svening.  Sept.  25, "  The  Six  Degrees  of  Crime/'  "  Blue  Dwarf/'  and 
the  farce  "  Brown  and  Smith."  Sept.  26,  "  The  Courier  of  Lyons/' 
•Cartouche/'  and  "The  Robber  of  Scio;"  Sept.  27  Eddy  acted 
itobert  Landry  in  "  The  Dead  Heart ;  "  Sept.  28,  "  The  Rag  Picker 
rf  Paris/'  "  Blacksmith  of  Antwerp/'  and  "  Brown  and  Smith ;  " 
Sept.  29  Eddy  played  Jacob  Odet  in  the  French  drama  of  that 
Dame.  A  lengthy  bill  was  that  of  Saturday,  Sept.  30,  viz.,  the 
Scotch  drama,  "  Wallace,"  "  The  Game  Cock  of  the  Wilderness," 
"The  Irish  Haymaker/' and  the  nautical  drama  "  Larboard  Fin." 
Mr.  Eddy  acted  Wallace  and  Sampson  Hardhead  in  the  first  two 

E.  Eddy  opened  the  last  week  of  his  engagement  1865,  Oct.  2, 
with  the  spectacular  drama,  **  Faustus/'  and  "  The  Blue  Dwarf." 
Oct.  5  Eddy  did  Damon,  to  the  Pythias  of  Geo.  W.  Thompson, 
ind  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  was  Calanthe.  For  his  farewell  benefit,  Oct.  6, 
-Hamlet,"  "  His  Last  Legs,"  and  "A  Glance  at  New  York"  were 
pbyed.  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jonrs  was  the  Ophelia.  '*  La  Tour  de  Nesle," 
•*Thc  Irish  Dragoon/' " The  Greek  Spy/'  and  "The  Dutchman's 
Ghost"  were  given  for  Mr.  Eddy's  farewell  appearance  Oct.  7. 

A  benefit  performance  took  place  Oct.  13  in  aid  of  the  widow  and 
children  of  Francis  B.  O'Keefe.  Three  dramas  were  played  Oct.  14: 
** Jerry  Abershaw,"  "Ireland  and  America,"  and  "The  Soldier's 
Wurn."  Oct.  16  was  the  first  night  of  "Orion  the  Goldbeater." 
** The  Convict's  Vengeance"  Oct.  18,  in  addition  to  "Orion."  Oct. 
21. "  Love,  Ambition,  and  Retribution/'  with  "  Dick  the  Newsboy  " 

214       A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE      D»5 

and  "A  Chain  of  Guilt  "  were  given  Oct.  23,  with  Walter  Grisdalc 
and  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  in  the  leading  rdles.  "  Vidocq,"  "  Hany 
Blake/'  and  "  Cavaliers  and  Roundheads  "  Oct.  28.  Kate  Fisher 
appeared  Oct.  30  in  "  Mazeppa ; "  "  Shandy  Maguire "  and  the 
"  King's  Gardener  "  were  played  the  same  night. 

A  strike  took  place  among  the  musicians  Nov.  i.  The  following 
night  there  was  no  orchestra,  the  only  music  being  from  a  piano. 
Kate  Fisher  in  "  The  Female  American  Spy."  "  Vidocq "  and 
''  Brian  O'Lynn  "  were  also  acted.  The  musicians  in  all  the  theatres 
had  been  getting  $14  sl  week,  and  struck  for  ^20.  The  strike  ended 
in  a  compromise.  A  new  orchestra  was  secured  for  Nov.  15,  when 
"The  Octoroon,"  "Our  Neighbors."  and  "Harry  Blake"  were 
played.    The  cast  of  "  The  Octoroon  "  was : 

Wah-no-tee  .  . 
Mrs.  Peyton  .  . 
Geo.  Pcjrton  .  . 
Jacob  MxCluskey 
Salem  Scudder    . 

Walter  Grisdale 

.  Mrs.  H.  Jordan 

Geo.  Lingard 

.     .      J.  Winter 

Geo.  Brooks 

Pete      ....    Geo.  W.  ThoDpiOB 

Zoe Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 

Dora Annie  Hjatt 

Paul      ....       Mrs.  Geo.  Broob 

Walter  Grisdale  took  a  benefit  Nov.  17,  when  "  Lavater  or  Noti 
Bad  Judge,"  was  acted,  with  Grisdale  as  Lavater,  and  James  Lingird 
as  Betman.  "  Never  Too  Late  to  Mend  "  was  also  acted,  for  the  first 
time  in  America,  with  this  cast : 

Tom  Robinson  .  .  Walter  Grisdale 
Isaac  Levy  .  .  G.  W.  Thompson 
The  Rev.  Mr.  Eden  .     .    N.  B.  Clarke 

Susan  Merton  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 

John  Meadows    ....      J.  Winter 

After  this   drama    Albert   Braham   sang    "Vive  L'  America," 
J.  Bogan  danced  an  Irish  jig,  Jake  Smith  did  a  bone  solo,  and  J.  T. 
Collins  executed  a  clog  dance.     N.  B.  Clarke's  drama,  **  O'Neal  the 
Great,"  **  Sixteen  String  Jack,"  and  "  The  Smuggler "  were  given 
Nov.  18.     Harry  Leslie,  the  tight-rope  walker,  appeared  Nov.  ao, 
and,  in  addition  to  playing   Tom  in  **  The  Dumb  Man  of  Man- 
chester," made  an  ascent  and  descent  on  a  single  rope  from  the 
back  of  the  stage  to  the  extreme  height  of  the  theatre,  performing 
several  tricks  at  the  same  time.     "Yankee  Jack"  and  '* Sixteen 
String  Jack"  were  also  acted.    The   performance  closed  at  ooc 
o'clock.     "The  Blue  Dwarf"  was  played  Nov.  22.     For  his  benefit* 
Nov.  24,  Leslie  appeared  as  Mushapug,  a  monkey,  in  "  Jack  Robis'' 
son."    N.  B.  Clarke's  drama,  "  Kenneth,"  was  given  Nov.  25. 
o'Day"  Nov.  27, and  thus  cast: 

Kathleen  Kavanagh  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 

Mr.  O'Cleary      .     .  Geo.  Thompson 

Mrs.  Kavanagh  .     .  Mrs.  H.  Jordan 

Baraey  OToole  .     .  .      Geo.  Brooks 

Harry  Kavanagh      .... 

Stephen J.  Wtntf^ 

Mary  Grace     ....      Annie  H^ 
Widow Mrs.Jol 

Nov.  28,  "  Claude  Duval,  the  Highwayman  of  1666."    Walter 
dale  played  Claude,  and  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones,  Nell  Gwynne.   *'  Capt. 


cted  Dec.  2,  followed  by  ''  The  Three  Cracksmen/'  and  con- 
g  with  "  The  Wreckers  of  Normandy."  Dec.  4, "  Robin  Hood, 
>ld  Outlaw."  Dec.  7,  for  the  afternoon  performance,  the  spec- 
f  "  The  Forty  Thieves,"  "  War  in  China,"  and  "  Jack  Sheppard 
drseback,"  with  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  as  Jack.  In  the  evening, 
rge  Barrington,  the  Gentleman  Highwayman,"  ^  The  Three 
smen,"  and  ''  Yankee  Tars  in  China."  Saturday  night,  Dec. 
Robert  Johnston's  benefit,  *'  The  Rag  Picker  of  New  York," 
ues  Strop  "  (••  Robert  Macaire  "),  •'  Dick  Turpin,"  and  "  Tom 
'  '*  Grant's  Campaign,  or  Incidents  of  the  Rebellion,"  by 
F.  Poole,  Dec.  11.  "The  Death  Plank"  Dec.  15,  for  Geo. 
s'  benefit ;  also  "  Le  Solitaire,"  **  Nora  Creina,"  and  "  Robber 
ia"  For  Saturday  night,  Dec.  16,  three  dramas  were  given, 
•  Knights  of  the  Mint,"  "  Blacksmith  of  Antwerp."  and  "  Mid- 
Banquet."  **  The  Gunmaker  of  Moscow,  or  Valdimir  the 
/'  by  Geo.  L.  Aiken,  Dec.  18.    The  cast  was : 

Urtl    .     .     .     Walter  Grisdale  |  Olga Winter 

ir     .     .     .      G.  W.  Thompson   Count  Damanoff Seabert 

Annie  Hyatt 
i Mrs.  Brooks 

Rosalind     .    .     .      Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 

le  Spirit  of  the  Fountain  "  and  Yankee  Hill's  drama,  **  Hiram 
Dec.  20.  For  Geo.  Thompson's  benefit,  Dec.  22,  "  Capt. 
Calderoni,"  and  "  Jacques  Strop."  "  Moll  Pitcher,"  Yankee 
a  China,"  and  "  A  Glance  at  New  York,"  Saturday  night,  Dec. 
rrah  na  Pogue  Dec.  25. 

Toffin Seabert 

A  rrah  Meelish  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 

1  Feeny    ....       J.  Winter   Col.  O'Grady       .     .  G.  W.  Thompson 

Power      .     .     .Miss  Simmons 

Annie  Hyatt 

ry N.  B.  Clarke 

Beamish  McCoul     .     .     Geo.  Lingard 
Shaun  the  Post  .     .     .  T.  H.  Glenney 

I,   1866.  ''Horseshoe  Robinson,"  "Aladdin,"  and  "  Land- 

and  Seagulls,"  made  up  the  bill,  and  for  the  evening,  "  Arrah 

fue."  •*  Turn  Him  Out."  and  "  Bandit  of  the  Blind  Mine."    Mr. 

ey  took  a  benefit  Jan.  5  :  "Arrah  na  Pogue,"  Bryant's  minstrels, 

ing  Nclse  Seymour,  Dave  Reed,  Little  Mac,  and  Mickey  War- 

The  Colleen  Bawn,"  with  Glenney  as  Miles-na-Coppaleen  (for 

St  time  in  America),  was  the  programme.    For  Saturday  night, 

,  first  act  "  Arrah  na  Pogue."  "  Jonathan  Bradford,"  "  Knights 

Mint,"  and  "  Poor  John  Smidt."     "  Blue  Lights  of  the  Devil 

by  Edward  Fitzball^  was  acted  for  the  first  time  in  America  : 

vlastonbury  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones 
Walter  Grisdale 

•*og Stanton 

Annie  Hyatt 

Patience  ....  Mrs.  H.  Jordan 
Frank  ....  G.  W.  Thompson 
Dr.  Aristotle  ....       Geo.  Brooks 

2l6      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D«« 

This  was  the  coldest  night  that  had  been  experienced  in  New  York 
in  thirty-five  years.  Steam  could  not  be  had  in  the  theatre,  the  pipes 
being  all  frozen.  Andrew  Glassford  made  his  first  appearance  this 
season  Jan.  13,  as  Titus  Oates  in  "Claude  Duval."  **  Seven  Poor 
Travellers"  was  given  Jan.  15.  William  Post,  officer  of  the  theatre, 
had  a  benefit  Jan.  18.  Thos.  G.  Riggs  acted  Bill  Williams  in  "  Home 
from  the  War,"  for  the  first  time  in  New  York.  Harry  Leslie,  the 
rope  walker,  did  his  knee-dance ;  the  Twenty-second  Regiment  drum 
corps  played ;  John  Barry,  in  a  clog  dance  ;  the  comedy  of  "  Perfec- 
tion," and  a  comic  song  by  Billy  Holmes ;  jig  dance  by  Mickey  War- 
ren, accompanied  on  the  violin  bv  Larry  Dunn ;  Geo.  Thompson  and 
Little  Mac  in  a  sketch,  and  Prof.  Heintz  and  his  pupils  L.  Frederick 
and  Emil  Rosenbaum  with  the  foils ;  A.  P.  Walcott,  roller-skating 
act ;  Frangois  Siegrist  and  his  son  George,  in  a  posturing  act,  and 
"  Barney  the  Baron,"  G.  C.  Davenport  acting  Barney.  The  receipts 
were  ^1,232.  "  The  Death  Plank,  or  The  Child  of  the  Ocean,"  "  The 
Persecuted  Dutchman,"  and  "  George  Barrington,"  were  seen  Jan.  19. 
"The  Convict  Marquis"  was  done  Jan.  20,  with  "The  Soap  Fat 
Man ;  "  Jan.  22  "  Captain  Macheath,  or  the  Black  Rivers  of  Houn- 
slow  Heath,"  the  Scotch  drama,  "  Gilderoy,"  and  "  Brian  O'Lynn," 
were  given.  The  new  London  burletta,  "  Mrs.  Green's  Snug  Little 
Business,"  was  acted  Jan.  27.  "  Raoul  the  Knight,  or  the  Magician 
of  Grenada,"  was  first  seen  here  Jan.  29. 

For  James  W.  Lingard's  next  benefit,  Feb.  i,  the  bill  was :  "The 
Rival  Dutchmen,"  W.  J.  Thompson  as  Bimblebeck,  Geo.  Thompson 
as  Vatchell;  the  Hanlon  Brothers  in  gymnastic  and  acrobatic  acts; 
"  The  Hole  in  the  Wall,"  J.  W.  Lingard  as  Thomas;  Billy  Birch  and 
Charley  Backus,  of  the  San  Francisco  minstrels,  in  their  Othello 
and  Macbeth  sketch ;  Little  Mac  in  "  The  Essence  of  Ole  Virginny ;  " 
Rollin  Howard,  Nelse  Seymour,  Dan  Bryant,  Tony  Pastor,  in  comic 
songs;  Harry  Leslie,  with  his  knee-dance;  A.  P.  Walcot,  on  roller 
skates ;  song  by  Pat  McGowan ;  and  the  drama,  "  A  Thumping 
Legacy.*  For  Saturday  night,  Feb.  3,  "The  Highwayman  of  1776, 
or  the  American  Jack  Sheppard,"  by  John  F.  Poole ;  "  The  Charcoal 
Man,  or  New  York  Fast  Life,"  and  "  False  Colors,"  were  seen.  T. 
H.  Glenney  returned  here  Feb.  5  in  "  Arrah  na  Pogue."  Geo.  C. 
Boniface  reappeared  here  Feb.  12,  as  Carlos  in  "The  Sea  of  Ice," 
with  this  cast : 

Carlos Boniface 

Henri  de  Lascours      G.  W.  Thompson 
Jean Stanton 

Louise  de  Lascours  and  Ogarita 

Mrs.  W.  G.  }ones 
Barabas Geo.  Brooks 

On  Feb.  15  Boniface  acted  Edward  Middleton  in  "  The  Drunkard," 
and  Jolly  Jack  in  "Jack's  the  Lad.*'  For  Saturday  night,  Feb.  17, 
Boniface  appeared  as  Julio  Dormilly  in  "  The  Six  Degrees  of  Crime," 
and  Vanderdecken  in  "  The  Flying  Dutchman."     The  farce  of  "  The 


Irish  Doctor"  was  also  acted.     "  Macbeth  "  was  done  Feb.  19,  Boni- 
face as  Macbeth,  Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  as  Lady  Macbeth ;  Feb.  20, 
"Richelieu;"  Feb.  21,  "The  Stranger;"  and  Feb.  22,  "Jocrissc 
the  Juggler."     Mrs.  W.  G.  Jones  took  a  benefit  Feb.  23,  when 
"  Medea,"  "  Esmeralda/'  and  "  The  Rival  Dutchmen  "  were  played. 
Matilda  Heron  was  Medea.     It  was  the  first  and  only  appearance  of 
that  actress  at  this  house.     Mrs.  Jones  played  Creusa ;  Walter  Gris- 
dale,  Jason.    Feb.  24,  Boniface  acted  Sir  William  in  "  Wallace  the 
Hero  of  Scotland,"  and  Jibbenainosy  in  "  Nick  of  the  Woods."     "  A 
Glance  at  New  York  "  finished  the  bill.    Feb.  27  the  entertainments, 
afternoon  and  evening,  were  for  the  benefit  of  the  sufferers  by  the 
burning  of  the  American  Theatre  at  No.  444  Broadway.    A  regular 
variety  performance  by  the  company  from  the  late  '*  444  "  establish- 
ment, and  "  Home  from  the  War,"  was  the  matinee  bill.    The  even- 
ing show  commenced  with  Charley  White's  farce,  "The  Mischievous 
Nigger,"  with  Charley  White,  C.  B.  Reynolds,  T.  G.  Rigg,  A.  Glass- 
ford,  and  Annie  Hyatt  in  the  cast.     This  was  followed  by  a  series  of 
sketches  and  acts  by  Johnny  Thompson,  Frank  Kerns,  J.  Morrissey, 
W.  F.  Bush,  Florence  Wells,  Andy  Leavitt,  Charley  White,  Fanny 
Forrester,  Emma  Ross,  Lucy  and  Sallie  Clinetop,  and  concluded  with 
the  drama  "  Trial  by  Battle." 

George  Boniface  took  a  benefit  March  2  and  presented  "The 
I-ady  of  Lyons. "     Agnes  Perry  (afterwards  Agnes  Booth)  was  the 
F^auline;  Jas.   Lingard,  Col.  Damas;   and  Mr.    Boniface,   Claude 
Melnotte.     "Sketches  in  India"  introduced  Mrs.  Geo.  Boniface  as 
Sally  Scraggs.    The  legendary  drama,  "  Der  Freischiitz  "  (Boniface 
as    Caspar),   "  Blueskin "  (Boniface  as  Jack  Sheppard),  and  "  Le 
Solitaire,"  was  the  closing  programme  of  Boniface's  engagement, 
March   3.     The  company   burned   out  at   Butler's  Theatre,    444 
Broadway,  commenced  a  two  weeks'  engagement  in  conjunction 
^ith  "Brian  Boroihme."     "The  Forest  Keeper"  was  first  acted  in 
A^tnerica  at  this  house  March  19.     "The  Sphinx  Mystery"  March 
2^     "The  Bohemians,  or  the  Rogues  of  Paris"  was  seen  for  the 
fi»"st  time  in  America  March  29.     "Bessie  Wild,  the  Thief  Taker's 
laughter, "  March  31.    Walter  Grisdale  was  seen  for  the  first  time  as 
Jack  Sheppard ;  and  J.  W.  Lingard,  Joe  Blueskin.   "  Edgeworth  Bess 
^T  Jack  and  His  Bride,"  was  played  April  2.   A  benefit  was  given  to 
tbe  Workingmen's  Union  April  3,  when  Bryant's  and  the  San  Fran- 
cisco minstrels,  Tony  Pastor's  Opera  House  company,  T.  G.  Nolan, 
jig  dancer,  and  H.  C.   Dobson,  banjoist,  appeared,  the  dramatic 
company  playing  "The  Rent  Day."     N.  B.  Clarke  took  a  benefit 
April  6,  and  "The  French  Spy  "  was  given.  Marietta  Ravel  as  the 
Spy,  P.  Connelly  as  Mohammed ;  double  song  and  dance,  by  John- 
son and  Prendergast ;  "  The  Butcher  Dog  of  Ghent ; "  double  clog 
<lance  by  the  Lancashire  Boys;  and  "Ireland  As  It  Was."    Frank 
Evans  played  Neil  O'Carolan;  Jenny  Walters,  Judy  O'Trot;  and 
G«a  Davenport,  Pat 

21 8      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Dw 

At  four  years  of  age  Marietta  Ravel  made  her  first  appearance 
before  the  public,  at  Boston,  Mass.,  in  company  with  the  Ravels, 
and  gave  a  performance  on  the  tight  rope.  She  continued  one  of 
the  principal  features  of  the  Ravel  Family  for  several  years,  visit- 
ing France,  England,  and  other  countries.  After  several  years  of 
retirement  she  reappeared  in  public  during  the  war,  at  the  Palace 
Garden  in  this  city  (Fourteenth  Street  and  Sixth  Avenue),  on  the 
tight  rope.  She  was  next  seen  at  the  Canterbury  Music  Hall, 
where,  as  a  premUre  danseuse,  she  continued  for  some  time.  It 
was  while  here  that  she  married  Martin  W.  Hanley,  at  that  time 
in  the  orchestra  of  that  establishment,  and  who  for  some  time  has 
been  the  manager  for  Edward  Harrigan  and  Robert  MantelL 
On  March  13,  1865,  she  acted  "The  French  Spy,"  at  Pittsburg, 
for  the  first  time. 

George  Davenport  was  an  Irish  comedian  of  great  promise.  He 
died  in  St.  Luke's  Hospital,  this  city,  Jan.  25,  1884,  when  a  little 
over  forty  years  of  age.  He  was  married  to  Kate  Newton  (sister- 
in-law  to  George  Boniface),  Oct.  8,  1865.  She  afterwards  became 
the  wife  of  Charles  Backus,  the  minstrel  performer. 

Leo  Hudson  appeared  here  in  "  Mazeppa  "  April  9,  with  George 
W.  Thompson  as  Abder  Khan.  This  lady  was  formerly  the  wife 
of  Charles  Backus.  She  appeared  April  14  as  Otapontas,  in  **  Eagle 
Eye."  Leo  Hudson  died  at  St.  Louis,  Mo.,  June  2,  1873.  Her 
last  appearance  on  the  stage  was  at  Wakefield's  Opera  House,  that 
city.  May  10,  of  the  same  year.  While  performing  "Mazeppa"  at 
a  matinee  performance,  she  received  serious  internal  injuries  by 
her  horse,  Black  Bess,  missing  her  footing,  and  falling  to  the 
stage,  while  Miss  Hudson  was  bound  to  her  back.  She  was  bom 
at  London,  England,  while  her  parents  were  on  a  visit  to  that 

Imogene  Tracy  made  her  first  appearance  here  April  9,  as  Rosetta 
in  "The  Swiss  Swains."  "The  Cataract  of  the  Ganges"  was  pre- 
sented April  16,  with  Leo  Hudson  as  Zamine,  Walter  Grisdale  as 
Mokarra.  For  her  farewell  benefit,  April  20,  Miss  Hudson  acted 
Don  Csesar,  in  "Don  Caesar  de  Bazan,"  and  Gen.  Putnam,  in 
"Putnam,  the  Iron  Son  of  '76."  "Phorty  Thieves,  or  ye  Robbers 
on  Basket  Horses,"  by  John  F.  Poole,  was  given  April  23  for  the 
first  time.  Prof.  W.  Tanner  and  his  performing  dogs  and  monkeys 
appeared  April  30.  "The  Scottish  Chiefs"  was  seen  May  4  for 
Grisdale's  benefit.  Among  the  volunteers  were  Albert  Braham  in 
songs,  and  Louise  Carman  (from  Wallack's)  in  a  dance.  G.  W. 
Thompson  had  a  host  of  volunteers  for  his  benefit  May  1 1.  They 
were  as  follows:  Kathleen  O'Neil,  Albert  Braham,  R.  W.  Smith 
(tambourine  solo),  assisted  by  Tom  Wadde,  Johnny  Mack,  Master 
Morissey,  Lew  Brimmer,  Georgina  Tracy,  Charles  and  George 
Dobson,  Harry  King,  Profs.  Whitney  and  Cornell,  Mickey  Warren, 


and  Cronin  and  Collins.  Edward  Eddy  and  Henrietta  Irving  ap- 
peared May  21  as  Claude  Melnotte  and  Pauline  in  ''The  Lady  of 
Lyons."  May  22  "The  Merchant  of  Venice,"  Eddy  as  Shylock 
and  Miss  Irving  as  Portia,  was  played ;  May  23,  "  Hamlet  and 
-  The  Day  After  the  Wedding;"  May  24,  "The  Stranger,"  Eddy 
in  the  title  rdle,  Miss  Irving  as  Mrs.  Haller.  Also  ''Black  Eyed 
Susan,"  Eddy  as  William,  and  Miss  Irving  as  Susan.  "La  Tour 
de  Nesle,"  "Taming  of  the  Shrew,"  "The  Irish  Haymaker,"  and 
"The  Rendezvous"  formed  the  bill  for  Eddy's  benefit.  May  25, 
when  he  acted  Capt.  Buridan,  Petruchio,  and  Looney  McTwolter. 
For  Miss  Irving' s  benefit,  May  26,  "Nick  of  the  Woods,"  "Tam- 
ing of  the  Shrew,"  and  "Ben  the  Boatswain "  were  given. 

Mme.  Celeste  began  an  engagement  May  28  in  "  The  Woman  in 
Red,"  which  kept  the  stage  all  the  week.  June  4  Celeste  acted 
the  dual  rdle  in  "The  House  on  the  Bridge  of  Notre-Dame,"  Mr. 
Grisdale  playing  Torquerolles. 

Walter  Grisdale  died  in  England,  Feb.  13,  1883,  of  inflamma- 
tion of  the  lungs,  aged  fifty-nine  years.  For  Celeste's  benefit  and 
last  appearance,  June  8,  the  programme  was:  "The  Child  of  the 
Wreck,"  Celeste  as  Maurice,  followed  by  "Customs  of  the  Coun- 
try," Barney  Williams  and  George  Becks  as  Melissa  and  Mortimer 
Sparkle;  after  which  "Barney  the  Baron,"  Barney  Williams  in  the 
title  rdle,  and  concluded  with  "Green  Bushes,"  Mme.  Celeste  as 
Miami.  June  9  "Captain  Macheath,"  "Yankee  Jack,"  and  "State 
Secrets,"  made  up  the  bill,  when  the  season  closed,  and  George 
Brooks  retired  from  the  theatre.  Probably  no  low  comedian  that 
has  ever  appeared  in  the  Bowery  enjoyed  a  more  extended  or  better- 
earned  reputation  than  Mr.  Brooks.  His  widow  is  now  known  as 
Mrs,  Hart  Conway.  Charles  F.  Seabert  died  in  this  city  Oct  29, 
1887,  ^^d  fifty-one  years.  A  summer  season  commenced  June 
16,  with  Sheridan  Corbyn  as  manager,  and  James  Schonberg  as 
stage  director.  The  attraction  was  the  Buislay  Family  of  acro- 
bats, pantomimists,  and  gymnasts,  comprising  £tienne,  Adolphe, 
Auguste,  Julio,  Greuet,  Justin,  Joaquin  Buislay,  and  Mile.  Louise. 
With  them  was  a  dramatic  company,  for  the  presentation  of  come- 
dies and  farces.  It  included  Sallie  A.  Hinckley,  Alicia  Thome, 
Fred  Woodhull,  L.  R.  Benneaux,  George  Roundy,  J.  W.  Pember- 
ton,  George  and  Alfred  Becks,  Wright,  Williams,  M.  Grossi,  Mme. 
Strebinger,  Blanche  Chapman,  and  Carrie  A  Moore,  skater  (the 
latter's  first  appearance  in  New  York). 

The  last  season  of  this  house  commenced  Aug.  4,  1866.  James 
W.  Lingard  was  manager,  N.  B.  Clarke,  stage  manager,  and  Ben- 
jamin Dean,  musical  director.  Geo.  W.  Herbert  was  prompter, 
and  had  been  so  from  the  first  night  the  theatre  opened.  The 
principals  of  the  company  were :  James  W.  Lingard,  N.  B.  Clarke, 
W.  H.  Whalley,  G.  W.  Thompson,  Belvil  Ryan,  George  Lingard, 

220      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D» 

Stanton,  Andrew  Glassford,  Violet  Campbell  (Mrs.  Belvil  Ryan), 

A.  Glassford,  Jr.,  E.  and  A.  Powell,  and  Sarah  Steele.  The  open- 
ing bill  was  "Damon  and  Pythias,"  "Wilful  Murder,"  and  "Bach- 
elor's Buttons."  This  was  William  H.  Whalley's  first  appearance 
in  this  house  (as  Damon),  Violet  Campbell's  (Mrs.  Belvil  Ryan) 
first  appearance  in  the  United  States,  and  Belvil  Ryan's  American 
d^but  Violet  Campbell  and  Belvil  Ryan  played  Sam  Daisy  and 
Fanny  Wilton  in  "Bachelor's  Buttons."  Aug.  6  "Macbeth^'  was 
given,  with  Whalley  as  Macbeth,  G.  W.  Thompson  as  Macdu£f,  N. 

B.  Clarke  as  Banquo;  Violet  Campbell,  Lady  Macbeth;  and  Belvil 
Ryan,  First  Witch.  "  The  Phantom  of  Tormenar  "  was  seen  for 
the  first  time  Aug.  8.  Saturday  night,  Aug.  1 1,  "  Six  Degrees  of 
Crime"  "The  Flying  Dutchman,"  and  "Brian  O' Lynn,"  formed 
the  bill.  "  The  Mysteries  of  Carrow  Abbey  "  was  presented  Aug. 
13;  "The  Three  Red  Men,  or  the  Brothers  of  Bluthaupt,"  Aug. 
2a  Edward  Eddy  and  Henrietta  Irving  reappeared  Aug.  27,  in 
"The  Jewess"  and  "Handsome  Husband."  Rachel  Denvil  made 
her  first  appearance  here  Aug.  27  as  Rachel  the  Jewess.  "Roc- 
ambole "  was  first  seen  here  Sept.  3,  cast  thus  : 

Bacaret  > 

Mme.  Charmet) 
Joseph  Flippart ) 
Rocambole         > 

Henrietta  Irving 


Andrea G.  W.  TbompsoB 

Jean Belvil  Rjaa 

Count A.  Glassrord 

Valentine Asbury  Dowd 

Sept  7  Eddy  acted  Chas.  de  Moor  in  "The  Robbers,"  and 
Petruchio  in  "Taming  of  the  Shrew."  He  appeared  as  Belphegor 
Sept.  10.  He  was  the  original  of  this  character  in  America.  Sept 
13  Eddy  was  seen  in  "The  Dead  Heart;"  Sept.  14,  "The  Streets 
of  New  York,"  Eddy  as  Badger,  Henrietta  Irving  as  Dan;  Sept 
20,  for  Lingard's  benefit,  "The  Serious  Family,"  Eddy  as  Captain 
Murphy  Maguire,  Henrietta  Irving  as  Widow  Delmaine;  Tony 
Pastor,  in  comic  songs;  "All  the  World's  a  Stage;"  ballad  by 
Charles  Henry ;  Frank  Brower  and  Eph  Horn,  in  a  negro  sketch ; 
bone  solo  by  John  Smith,  and  the  Dutch  farce,  "Moses  Wokkle." 
"The  Last  Days  of  Pompeii"  was  done  Sept.  22.  "Osanorc"  by 
Edwin  F.  de  Nyse  (who  afterwards  married  Lulu  Prior),  was  acted 
Sept  24;  Oct.  I  "  Paul  Clifford  "  was  given,  with  William  Whalley 
as  Paul  Clifford. 

William  H.  Whalley  died  in  St.  Francis'  Hospital,  this  city, 
April  7,  1876.  He  was  born  in  County  Donegal,  Ireland,  Aug. 
28,  1837.  He  came  to  America  at  an  early  age,  and  made  his 
dShut  on  the  stage  at  the  Arch  Street  theatre,  Philadelpha,  Pa., 
acting  a  minor  character  in  "Speed  the  Plough."  His  last  public 
performances  were  at  the  Stadt  Theatre,  this  city,  during  a  brief 
season  in  November,  1875.  His  remains  were  interred  in  Calvary 


John  F.  Poole's  "Gaelic  Chief"  was  first  acted  Oct.  8.  There 
were  nearly  two  hundred  ''supers,"  and  they  made  a  lively  scene 
at  the  gathering  of  the  Clans  of  Scotland  when  Wm.  Cleland 
and  Peter  Bowman,  Scotch  bagpipers,  were  first  heard  in  this 
city.  The  Irish  drama,  ''Eva  the  Irish  Princess,"  was  first  seen 
Oct.  27.  John  F.  Poole's  prize  drama,  "Captain  Heron,  or  the 
Highwayman  of  Epping  Forest,"  Oct.  31 ;  "The  Gunmakerof  Mos- 
cow," and  "  Jonathan  Bradford  "  were  acted  Nov.  3.  "  The  Black  Cat 
of  Coventry  "was  done  Nov.  12.  "Mazeppa."  Nov.  23,  "Cataract 
of  the  Ganges ; "  Nov.  24,  "  Jack  Sheppard  on  Horseback ; "  Nov. 
26,  "The  Three  Fast  Men,"  with  Kate  Fisher  in  eight  characters; 
Nov.  30  she  appeared  in  "The  French  Spy  on  Horseback,"  and 
••The  Young  American  Actress."  Dec.  i,  "Handsome  Jack  on 
Horseback;"  Dec.  4  the  pantomime  of  "Tom,  Tom,  the  Piper's 
Son  "  was  acted  for  two  weeks.  Harlequin,  W.  Stanton ;  Clown, 
Little  Mac ;  Pantaloon,  Andrew  Glassford ;  and  Columbine,  Katie 
Glassford.  "  Crohoore  na  Bilhoge  "  was  played  Dec  14.  Angus- 
tin  Daly's  "Griffith  Gaunt"  was  first  seen  here  Dec  17  with  the 
following  cast : 

Griffith  Gaunt  .  .  W.  H.  WhaUey 
Geo.  Nerille  .  .  G.  W.  Thompson 
The  Attorney  General .  .  Ashbury 
Lawyer  Houseman  .  .  .  G.  Lingard 
Manager  of  the  Royal  Timbuctoo 

Manager  of  the  Royal  Princess  Baker 
Prof,  of  Royal  Game  ....  Hall 
Crier  of  the  Court  ....  Wilson 
Kate  Peyton  ....  Rachel  Denvil 
Mercy  \  int  .  .  .  Violet  Campbell 
Carohne  Ryder  .     .  Mrs.  A.  Glassford 

Father  Francis Wright 

Brother  Leonard Dowd 

Chief  Justice Seabert 

NedGalton Wheeler 

Tom  Leicester    ....  Belvil  Ryan 

Paul  Carrick Stanton 

Old  Vint J.  B.  Mason 

John  Noakes Davis 

Thos.  Styles SUrr 

Hayes Pearson 

Dame  Vint Mrs.  Bowes 

Jane  Frost Miss  Farwell 

A  Pretty  Gypsy  .     .     .      Miss  Francis   Betty Miss  Fenton 

Squire  Peyton     ...      A.  Glassford   Meg Miss  Davenport 

"The  Middy  Ashore"  was  also  acted.  The  same  bill  was  an- 
nounced for  Dec.  18,  but  on  the  afternoon  of  that  day  the  house 
was  destroyed  by  fire.  The  scenery  in  the  theatre  at  the  time  of  its 
destruction  came  from  the  old  Broadway,  Burton's  Chambers  Street 
theatre,  the  Chatham  and  Old  Bowery  theatres.  The  property 
was  owned  by  ex-Judge  James  R.  Whiting,  and  was  leased  for 
several  years  by  James  W.  Lingard.  In  general  appearance  the 
house  resembled  the  Old  Bowery  theatre.  Messrs.  Fox  and 
Lingard  held  it  at  an  annual  rental  of  ^7,000,  with  the  privilege 
of  purchasing  it  at  ^160,000,  with  the  term  of  lease  ten  years. 
The  fire  broke  out  about  half-past  four  o'clock  in  the  afternoon, 
and  was  discovered  under  the  stage.  In  twenty  minutes  after  the 
fire  was  seen  the  rear  wall  in  Elizabeth  Street  fell  out  with  a  terri- 
ble crash.     The  loss  was  ^i50,cxxD,  partly  covered  by  insurance. 

222      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       DW6 


THE  NEW  SANTA  CLAUS  was  a  place  of  amusement  located 
at  72  Prince  Street,  opposite  the  Metropolitan  Hotel,  three 
doors  east  of  Broadway.  It  was  opened  Jan.  15,  1859.  '^^  man- 
ager (H.  Williams)  had  been  running  a  Santa  Claus  at  596  Broad- 
way, but  his  lease  expired,  and  he  located  here.  Josephine  West, 
Eva  Brent,  Miss  Franklin,  Ed.  Warden,  Jerry  Merrifield  (stage 
manager),  and  Julia  Barton  were  among  the  attractions  of  the 


THE  vacant  lots  at  the  southwest  comer  of  Sixth  Avenue  and 
Fifteenth  Street  were  often  used  for  open  air  entertainments, 
and  here  Harry  Whitby  &  Go's  circus  appeared  under  canvas  for 
a  season  beginning  June  i,  1859. 


AT  the  junction  of  Broadway  and  Thirteenth  Street  were  other 
open  spaces,  and  here  Joe  Pentland's  circus  began  a  season 
under  canvas  June  6,  1859.  Mons.  De  Bach,  Richard  Hemmings, 
Tom  King,  Painter,  and  Durand  were  in  the  organization.  Sam 
Long  was  clown,  Frank  Whittaker  ringmaster,  and  John  G.  Sloat 
proprietor  and  manager. 


A  HOUSE  with  a  varied  and  picturesque  career  is  Irving 
Hall,  situated  on  the  west  side  of  Irving  Place,  at  the  cor- 
ner of  Fifteenth  Street.  The  first  entertainment  here  was  a  ball 
on  Dec.  20,  i860.  George  Christy's  minstrels  opened  May  21,  1861. 
For  a  long  time  the  house  was  used  for  balls,  lectures,  concerts, 
and  miscellaneous  entertainments  of  a  high  character.  It  had  no 
stage,  but  a  flat  floor  with  a  small  gallery.  Nully  Pieris  gave  a 
concert  here  Sept.  10,  1864,  assisted  by  Mme.  d'Angri,  Bametchie, 
Sig.  Abella,  Sher.  C.  Campbell,  and  William  Castle.  Fallon's 
stereopticon  was  on  exhibition  Sept.  12  to  Oct.  i.  Mr.  Oscanyan 
lectured  here  Oct.  3;  concerts  by  Jerome  Hopkins  Oct.  11,  and 
Gustave  Geary  Oct.  13.  Cordova  gave  his  series  of  lectures  for 
one  week,  commencing  Nov.  19,  1865;  Theodore  Thomas'  concerts 
took  place  Dec.  3,  Jan.  3,  7,  17,  1866,  and  March  30;  Strakosch 
gave  a  concert  April  i.  Artemus  Ward  commenced  a  series 
of  lectures  Aug.  28,  and  his  last  appearance  here  was  Sept.  5. 
Mme.  Parepa  (afterwards  Parepa-Rosa)  made  her  American  d^but 

iseq  IRVING  HALL  223 

here  Sept.  1 1  in  conceit  under  the  management  of  H.  L.  Bateman. 
Carl  Rosa,  violinist,  and  E.  Danreuther,  pianist,  made  their 
American  d^but  at  the  same  time.  Theodore  Thomas'  orchestra 
also  appeared.  Parepa  sang  an  aria  from  "Emani,"  "The  Night- 
ingale's Trill,"  and  the  waltz,  "II  Baccio."  For  three  weeks  in 
September,  1866,  Prof.  M.  Hartz,  the  magician,  appeared  here. 
Mr.  and  Mrs.  Howard  Paul  came  Oct.  i,  making  their  American 
dibut  in  an  entertainment  consisting  of  a  sketch,  "  Ripples  on  the 
Lake ; "  the  song,  "  Ship  on  Fire ; "  "  The  Dream  of  the  Reveller ;  *' 
and  imitations  of  Sims  Reeves.  This  was  Mrs.  Paul's  part  of  the 
programme.  Howard  Paul  sang  "When  George  III.  was  King" 
and  "  Napoleon  III. "  After  a  few  months  they  returned  to  Europe. 
They  revisited  this  country  in  October,  18691  Mr.  Paul  has  visited 
America  frequently  since  then,  but  not  professionally.  Mrs.  Paul 
did  not  return  after  her  second  visit.  These  artists  danced  the 
Can-can  in  an  entertainment  at  Philadelphia,  at  Concert  Hall  — 
the  first  time  it  was  ever  done  in  this  country. 

Mrs.  Paul  was  formerly  Miss  Featherstone.     One  of  her  great- 
est successes  was  achieved  as  Capt.  Macheath,  in  "The  Beggar's 
Opera,"  at  the  Strand  Theatre,  London,  in  1853,  and  she  repeated 
it    in  the  same  rdle  at  the  Haymarket  Theatre,  in  1854.     In  that 
year  she  married  Howard  Paul.     A  prominent  feature  in  their  en- 
tertainment, called  "Patchwork,"  was  the  "Living  Photograph  of 
Sims  Reeves,"  given  by  Mrs.  Paul,  which  was  an  astonishing  re- 
production of  that  great  tenor's  voice,  style,  manner,  and  personal 
appearance,  without  any  degree  of  caricature.     Her  voice  was  a 
pure  contralto,  with  a  compass  of  three  octaves,  ranging  from  A  in 
the  bass  clef  to  A  in  alt,  and  her  lower  tones  were  very  rich  and 
powerful.     Mrs.   Paul  returned  to  the  dramatic  stage  in  1869,  at 
Drury  Lane,  London,  Eng.,  acting  in  "Macbeth,"  Mr.  Phelps  and 
Charles  Dillon  playing  Macbeth  on  alternate  nights.     She  died  at 
London,  England,  June  6,  1879.     Howard  Paul  was  born  at  Phila- 
delphia, and  made  his  first  appearance  on  the  stage  at  Bath,  Eng- 
land, in  1854,  in  a  farce  written  by  himself,  entitled  "  My  Neighbor 
Opposite."    As  an  actor  and  mimic,  he  hits  off  his  characters  with 
^  ready  liveliness  and  ease  of  manner  that  at  once  places  him  on 
gpod  terms  with  his  audience.     He  has  written  various  plays  of  a 
Ught  character  for  the  stage. 

Daring  this  season  Irving  Hall  was  occupied  by  H.  L.  Bateman 
with  a  series  of  concerts,  and  among  the  artists  who  appeared  were 
Richard  Croker,  the  Formes  Brothers,  Jehin  Prume,  A.  H.  Pease, 
Mrs.  Emma  Gillingham  Bostwick,  Zelda  Harrison,  Mme.  La 
Comtesse  de  Ferussac,  St.  Ann's  Sunday-school,  Maria  Brain- 
erd,  Blind  Tom,  Mme.  De  Lussan,  George  Simpson,  Theodore 
Thomas,  Kate  McDonald,  G.  W.  Morgan,  W.  R.  Johnston, 
Trinity    Choir,    Robt.  Elder,    the    Beethoven    society    of    Yale 

224      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       C1889 

College,  the  Mendelssohn  Union,  Olive  Logan,  and  De  Cordova 
in  lectures. 

During  the  season  of  1867-68  concerts  were  given  by  Charles 
Henry,  the  minstrel  performer,  Budworth's  minstrels,  Lafayette 
Harrison,  Mrs.  Agnes  de  Vere,  Mme.  Eugenie  de  Lusan,  Ignatz 
Pollak,  Wenzel  Kapta,  Mrs.  Anna  Payne,  Mrs.  Jenny  Busk,  J.  H. 
Warwick,  Mina  Geary,  Fred  Bergener,  Mile.  Ghioni,  W.  J.  Hill, 
the  Mendelssohn  Union,  Blind  Tom,  Fanny  Landsman,  and  Henry 
Sanderson,  and  other  entertainments  by  Arthur  Sketchley,  Walter 
Hope  Wallack,  Mrs.  Theresa  Yelverton,  and  George  Vandenhoff. 
Kinney's  diorama,  illustrative  of  Lincoln's  funeral  ceremonies, 
was  unrolled  Aug.  31,  1868,  and  continued  for  three  weeks.  Dur- 
ing this  season  concerts  were  given  by  Ignatz  Pollack,  Edward 
Hoffman,  Jenny  Kempton,  the  Mendelssohn  Union,  C.  Henry, 
Signora  Filomena,  W.  K.  Bassford,  Mina  Geary,  Henry  Sander- 
son, and  Sig.  Manzocchi.  Professor  Cromwell  gave  his  lecture 
here  with  success.  A  Lodge  of  Sorrow  was  held  here  Sunday 
afternoon,  March  14,  1875,  by  the  B.  P.  O.  Elks.  The  committee 
of  arrangements  were:  Geo.  J.  Green,  Henry  P.  O'Neil,  Tony 
Pastor,  Frank  Gerard,  Charles  T.  White,  Joseph  F.  Waring, 
Robert  J.  Martin,  and  the  writer  of  these  pages.  Nothing  of 
note  occurred  here  until  Oct  i,  1877,  when  the  hall  was  opened 
by  John  Wild  as  a  variety  theatre.  It  was  christened  the  Grand 
Central,  but  business  was  so  bad  that  it  existed  just  one  week. 
As  a  concert  hall  this  place  lost  caste  as  soon  as  Steinway  Hall 
was  opened,  and  Irving  Hall  gradually  fell  into  disuse.  The  hall 
was  demolished  in  July,  1888,  in  order  to  erect  a  new  German 
theatre.  Gustav  Amberg,  who  had  been  managing  the  Thalia 
(Old  Bowery)  Theatre,  with  German  dramatic  performances,  was 
the  builder.  The  first  performance  in  the  new  house,  which  was 
called  "The  Amberg  Theatre,"  occurred  Dec.  i,  1888. 

Theodore  G.  Stein  designed,  and  John  and  L.  Weber  built  the 
Amberg  Theatre.  It  has  a  total  seating  capacity  of  twelve  hundrec 
and  fifty.  The  stock  company  consisted  of  one  hundred  and  twentj 
members.  "  Ein  Erflog  "  was  the  initial  performance,  repeatec 
Dec  3.  "Tilly"  was  done  Dec.  4,  5.  "Farinelli"  had  its  firs- 
American  production  Dec.  20,  with  Ferdinand  Schultz  in  the  titlt 
rdle.  Max  Lube  was  seen  as  Don  Coschambo,  Herr  Friese  a 
Pancho,  Fraulein  Englander  as  Manuela,  and  Frau  Habrich  aj 
Donna  Elvir. 

Jan.  I,  1889,  "Prince  Methusalem"  was  seen.  August  Junker 
mann  opened  Jan.  4  in  "Onkel  Braesig."  "Unser  Doctor"  was 
sung.  Jan.  28  Sadie  Martinot  made  her  first  appearance  on  the 
German  stage,  when  she  acted  Bettina  in  "  La  Mascotte."  August 
Junkermann  appeared  Jan.  29,  31,  and  evenings  Feb.  2,  4,  6,  7, 
in  "Unser  Doctor."     For  Junkermann's  benefit,  Feb.  7,  "  Aus  de 




Fnnzosenzeit/' '' Vorn  Juristentag. ''  Sadie  Martinot  appeared  as 
Bettina  Feb.  5,  8.  A  professional  matinte  of  ''The  Mascot"  oc- 
curred Feb.  7.  Mathilde  Cottrelly  made  her  d£but  here  Feb.  9 
in  "Die  Salon  Tyrolerin."  On  Feb.  13,  the  "Grand  Opera,"  by 
Tannhauser,  music  by  Binder.  Junkermann  closed  his  engage- 
ment Feb.  27.  Thessa  Klinkhammer  made  her  American  dSbvt 
Feb.  28  as  Cyprienne,  in  the  German  version  of  "Divorcons;" 
March  i  and  2  she  appeared  in  Benedix's  "  AschenbroedeL "  The 
season  of  1889-90  opened  Sept  19  with  "Hans  Fourchambault" 
On  Sept  20  Karl  Streitmann,  the  Vienna  tenor,  made  his  Ameri- 
can d^ut  in  "The  Gypsy  Baron,"  and  on  Sept  21  Ling  Bendel, 
a  new  soubrette,  was  seen  in  "  The  Seamstress. " 

Henrik  Ibsen's  drama,  "Die  Stuetzen  der  Gesellschaft "  ("The 
Pillars  of  Society  "),  was  given  for  the  first  time  in  America  Oct 
26.     This  was  the  cast : 

Consul  Bemick 

FrL  Weioert 
Frl.  Stemeck 
Herr  Eisfeld 
Herr  Walter 

Johaon  Toonseo  .  . 
Ailmar  Tonnseo  .  .  . 
Obcrleh  Lund     .     .     . 

Raminel Herr  Meyer 

Wiglaiid Herr  Rank 

Saadstadt Herr  Linnhold 

Knpp Herr  Bach 

Aoner Herr  Kierschnar 

Fr&ulein  Bemick      .    .    Frl.  Christien 

Dina  Dorp FrL  Bug 

Fraa  Rammel  •  .  •  Frl.  Schmits 
Fraa  Dr.  Lange  .  .  FrL  V.  Vamdal 
Friulein  Rummel  .  .  FrL  Schroeder 
Friulein  Holt      ....     Frl.  Bella 

Fraa  Holt FrL  Kaha 

FnLiilein  Looaheisel     .     FrL  Lelthner 

It  was  repeated  Oct.  27  and  28.  The  week  was  otherwise  filled 
bjr  Ernst  Possart,  who  gave  a  performance  Oct  25  in  ^Drei 
Braeute  auf  Einmal/'  and  by  matinees  Oct  25,  26,  27,  and  28, 
of  "Snow  White/'  and  ''Cinderella,"  etc.  The  house  was  dark 
Oct.  23. 

Herr  Possart  reappeared  in  America  Oct.  29  in  Lindau's  sombre 
tragedy,  "  Die  Bluthochzeit ; "  Oct  30,  in  "  Friend  Fritz ; "  Nov.  i, 
*»  Shylock,  in  "The  Merchant  of  Venice."  He  appeared  every 
evening,  except  Nov.  5,  of  the  week  of  Nov.  4,  as  follows:  Nov. 
4.  " Bluthochzeit ; "  Nov.  6,  "The  Merchant  of  Venice;"  Nov.  7, 
%  "  The  Judge  of  Zaiamea ;"  Nov.  8,  "  Friend  Fritz. "  Possart  acted 
"  Drci  Braeute  auf  Einmal "  ("  Three  Brides  at  Once"). 

The  first  American  performance  of  "  Der  Richter  von  Zaiamea  " 

^as  given  Nov.   17  with  this  cast:  Pedro  Crespo,  Ernst  Possart; 

the  King,  Herr  Meyer;  Don  Lope  de  Figuersa,  Herr  Kierschner; 

Don  Alvaro,   Herr  Hillman;   Don  Mendo,   Herr  Friese;   Juan, 

Herr  Eisfeld;  Nunc,  Herr  Rank;    Isabel,  Frl.  Christien;  Ires, 

Frl.  Schroeder;  Chispa,  Ling  Bendel.     "Martha"  was  sung  Dec. 

3  when  Herr  Goosky  made  his  American  d£but  as  Lionel.     Otto 

Hegner,  the  pianist  prodigy,  gave  recitals  afternoon  of  Dec  9  and 

II  assisted  by  members  of  Mr.  Amberg's  company.     On  the  night 

of  Dec.  8  Johann  Strauss'  three-act  comic  opera,  '' Venetianische 

VOL  II.— 15 

226      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW   YORK  STAGE       [laj 

Nachte,"  was  sung.  Its  English  version,  "A  Night  in  Venice, 
was  made  familiar  to  New  Yorkers  by  the  Duff  opera  company  i 
Daly's  theatre  a  few  years  before. 

Mme.  Hermine-Claar-Della,  wife  of  the  director  of  the  opei 
and  theatre  at  Frankfort  on  the  Main,  a  favorite  actress  of  Berlii 
made  her  American  d^but  on  the  night  of  Jan.  i6,  1890,  as  Com 
tess  d'Autreval,  in  "Der  Damenkrieg"  (Herr  Olfers'  Germa 
translation  of  Scribe's  "Une  Bataille  des  Dames"),  known  to  i 
as  "The  Ladies'  Battle,"  and  as  Frangoise  Dumesnil,  in  "Di 
Schauspielerin  "  (W,  Friedrich's  adaptation  of  M.  Foumier's  oni 
act  comedy,  "The  Actress").  "Femande,"  the  German  versio 
of  Victorien  Sardou's  drama  of  that  name,  was  acted  Jan.  22,  wit 
Mme.  Claar-Della  as  Clotilde,  and  Else  Hoffmann  in  the  title  rdl( 

"Der  Fall  Clemenceau  "  was  presented  Jan.  27.  Feb.  12  wa 
the  first  American  performance  of  Carl  Millocker's  three-act  comi 
operetta,  "Die  Sieben  Schwaben"  ("The  Seven  Suabians"),  cas 
as  follows : 

Junker  Otmar     .     .      Karl  Streitmann 

Stickel Hcrr  Meyer 

Kathchen  .     .      Fraulein  Zimmermann 
Emerenzia      ....     Frau  Habrich 

Bombastus Herr  Rotter 

Spakle Herr  Schmitz 

Hannele     .    .     .  Fraulein  Englaender 

Nicodemus      ....   Herr  Sinnbo' 

Erasmus Herr  Horwi 

AUgauerle Herr  Frifc 

Gelbfukle  Schwab  .  .  .  Herr  Koe 
Knopfle  Schwab  ...  Herr  Wal« 
Spiegle  Schwab  .  .  .  Herr  Gera 
Blitz  Schwab Herr  Ra.i 

On  Saturday  night,  Feb.  15,  Herr  Schubert's  German  versic 
of  "Belle-Maman,"  called  "Die  Gute  Mama,"  was  acted  for  tl 
first  time  in  this  country. 

Herr  Possart  and  Frau  Claar-Della  were  the  stars  for  the  wee 
commencing  March  3.  For  his  benefit,  March  5,  Herr  Possai 
played  "King  Lear."  Evening  of  March  8  saw  the  first  perlom 
ance  in  this  city  of  "Familie  Meyer,"  a  four-act  musical  farce,  b; 
F.  Berent,  with  music  by  Herr  Wegirn.  Herren  Walter  Friese, 
Ottbert,  and  others  were  in  the  cast.  Ernst  Possart  did  not  apf>ear 
March  10,  though  billed  in  "King  Lear."  "The  Meyer  Famil)r" 
was  substituted.  On  March  12  was  presented  for  the  first  time  in 
America,  "  Die  Ehre  "  ("  Honor  "),  a  four-act  drama  by  HermaM 

On  April  10  Franz  von  Suppl's  comic  opera,  "Die  Jagd  Nach 
dem  Glueck,"  for  the  first  time  in  America  in  its  original  German 
form.  The  English  version  of  it  is  known  as  "Clover."  Karl 
Streitmann  sang  the  rdle  of  Rudolf ;  Fraulein  Zimmermann,  Stella; 
Fraulein  Englaender,  the  Foster  Sister;  Herr  Friese,  Jr.,  Casimir; 
and  Fraulein  Von  Varndal,  Florine.  On  April  17,  for  August 
Walter's  benefit,  "  Die  Nachbarinnen  "  and  "  Im  Puppenladen " 
were  given,  and  were  also  seen  April  18  and  19.  "Die  Nach 
barinnen  "  is  from  the  French,  and  was  here  played  for  the  firs 




time  in  this  country.  "  Die  Amazone,"  by  Von  Moser  and  Thurn, 
was  given  April  29  for  the  benefit  of  Herr  Ottbcrt  It  had  this 
cast:  Plumicke,  Herr  Rank;  Grunlich,  Herr  Friese,  Sr. ;  Arthur 
Prinz,  Herr  Ottbert;  Vorberg,  Herr  Horwitz;  Julie,  Frl.  Kuhn; 
Rika,  Frl.  Burg;  Marie,  Frl.  Bella;  Frau  Schnabel,  Frl.  Schmitz. 
^  Morilla  "  was  sung  for  the  first  time  here  on  May  2,  for  the  bene- 
fit of  Carola  Englaender.  "  Der  Verschwender  "  was  given  May  7. 
**  Der  Zigeuner  Baron  "  was  seen  May  8,  in  which  Herr  Streit- 
mann  appeared.  At  the  beginning  of  the  performance,  Carola 
Englaender,  cast  for  Arsena,  became  suddenly  ill.  As  it  was  too 
late  to  replace  her,  the  young  singer  volunteered  to  appear,  though 
unable  to  sing.  After  the  first  act,  Herr  Friese,  the  stage  man- 
ager, appeared  in  front  of  the  curtain  and  requested  the  audience's 
indulgence.  At  the  matinee  May  10  ''Morilla"  was  presented. 
The  week's  novelty  was  found  in  "Das  Gefaehrliche  Maedchen," 
which  was  done  for  the  first  time  in  this  country  May  9  as  a  benefit 
to  Ellen  Burg,  and  was  repeated  May  la  Ernst  Possart  made  his 
last  appearance  in  this  city  May  19,  as  ''King  Lear." 

The  next  season  commenced  Sept.  18,  with  "Das  Bild  des  Sig- 
norelli,"  by  Richard  Jaffe,  performed  for  the  first  time  in  America: 

Oscar  Waede ....     Herr  Taaber 
Frits  Waede  ....     Herr  Stengel 

Dr.  KeU Herr  Meyer 

Professor  Waede      .    Herr  Kierscbner 
Kammerherr  von  Grothe    Herr  M orway 

Ella  yon  Seeben  .     .    .     Frl.  Leithner 

PfeifiFer Herr  Walter 

Fran  Waede    ....     Frl.  Schmits 
Kaethe Frl.  Burg 

**  Der   Fall   Clemenceau "  was   given   Sept.    19  with   Fraulein 

Neumann  as  Iza  —  her  first  appearance  in  America.     Frau  Moser- 

Spemer  and  Walter  Heydt  also  made  their  American  d^but  on  this 

occasion.      Paula  Loewe  made  her  American  d^but  Sept.  20  as 

'*Drci  Paar  Schute."     On  Sept.   24   Karl  Streitmann   made  his 

reappearance  in  "Der  Zigeuner  Baron,"  and  Sept  25  he  was  heard 

in  "Die  Fledermaus."   On  that  date  also,  Emma  Seebold  appeared, 

after  a  long  absence  in  Germany.    "  Der  Bethel  Student,"  Sept.  27, 

was  the  other  opera  of  the  week.     The  comedy  performances  were 

Sept  26  and  matinee  of  Sept.  27,  when  Paula  Loewe,  the  new  sou- 

brette,  was  seen.   "Der  Bethel  Student,"  night  of  Sept  27,  served 

to  introduce  Mr.  Amberg's  new  tenor,  Adolph  Phillip,  to  the  New 

York  public.     "Die  Novize,"  a  musical  comedy  by  F.  Zeil,  was 

given  Oct.  I  for  the  first  time  in  America,  with  this  cast : 

Gpstav Herr  Horwitz 

Timoelhca Frl.  Schmitz 

^-  Mobtus  von  Ingenhof  Herr  Walter 
^Tin  von  Giesback  Frau  Trautmann 
^crin  Holberg,  Kapellmeister 

Herr  Friese,  Sr. 

Frau  Langhofer  ....  Fri.  Werner 
Fraulein  Schneitzhofer  .  Frl.  Vamdal 
Fraulein  Reitzenbeck  .  Frl.  Blanche 
Fraulein  Sivori   .     .      Frl.  Englaender 

Kuhne Herr  Rank 

Leontine    ....  Frl.  Paula  Loewe 

228      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D^Jo 

Carl  Schultz  and  three  other  members  of  the  company  which 
bears  his  name  made  their  first  bow  in  America  Oct.  6  in  **  Ham* 
burger   Pillen."     Those  who  made  their  dibut  here  were  Carl 
Schultz,  Herr  Mansfield,  Fraulein  Schultz,  and   Fraulein   Hell- 
wig.    Night  of  Oct.  9,  for  the  first  time  in  America,  Julius  Ernst's 
musical  farce,  **  Hamburger  Leiden  "  was  played.    Fraulein  Leith- 
ner  was  unable  to  appear.     Her  part  was  taken  at  the  last  moment 
by  Fraulein  Werner.     Oct.   15  "Villa  Friedrichsrue,"  by  Hencn 
Hirschel  and  Schreirer,  was  performed  for  the  first  time  in  America. 
It  was  repeated  Oct.    16,  when   the  Schultz  company  made  their 
farewell  appearance.      Night  of  Oct.    17  Ludwig  Fulda's  '^Die 
Wilde  Jagd,"  was  seen  for  the  first  time  in  America.     Oct  21 
**  Urial  Acosta  "  was  acted,  with  Herr  Morrison  in  the  title  rdle, 
his  second  appearance,  his  American  d^but  having  occurred  Oct 
20  in"Kean."     Oct.  23  "Froment,  Jr.,  and  Risler,  Sr.,"  trans- 
lated from  the  French,  was  produced.    **  Das  Verwimschene  Schloss " 
("The  Haunted  Castle"),  a  comic  opera,  was  sung  Oct.  28  for  the 
first  time  in  nine  years,  in  this  city.     "Eva,"  a  drama  by  Voss^ 
was  done  Oct.  31,  for  the  first  time  in  America,  and  with  this 

Gral  Daren    .     .    .     Herr  Kierschner 

Efimar Herr  Ditricbstein 

Hartwig Herr  Kruger 

Past  ScDoeller    ...     Herr  Stengel 

Hempel Herr  Rauk 

Bratrn Herr  Braun 

Wolf Herr  Morwaj 

Dr.  WcUer      . 
A  Doctor  .     . 
Frau  Hartwig 
Fran  Schoelkr 
Frau  Hempel 
Toinette    .    . 
Eva      .     .     . 

Herr  Walter 

Heir  Eicheft 

Fri.  Schmiti 


Frl.  Vandil 

FrL  Nennuon 

FrL  Leithoer 

The  Muenchener,  Munich's  Germany  company  of  actors  and 
actresses,  arrived  in  America  Oct.  31.  The  company  numbered 
thirty-four.  Its  best  known  members  were  Herr  Amand  Kolbc, 
Herr  Sageder,  Fraulein  Amelie  Schoenchen,  Herr  Karl  Swoboda, 
Herr  Adolph  Ernst,  Fraulein  Kathie  Thaller,  Fraulein  Bertha 
Weber,  Fraulein  Marie  Nebauer,  Herr  Baleither,  Herr  Fischer, 
and  Herr  Weyrauther.  Their  first  American  performance  occurred 
Nov.  5  in  "Der  Herrgottschnitzer  von  Ammergau."  This  con- 
tinued until  Nov.  24,  when  '' Almonrausch  und  Edelweiss"  was 
presented,  with  this  cast : 

Der  Bohelbaner    .     .     .  Amand  Kolbe 

Mentl Karl  Ernst 

Rdnthaler Max  Selus 

Gaberl Franz  Ressner 

Der  Hies  von  Bahel  .      Max  Hofpener 
Der  Br^adier  .     .     Alois  Wejrrauther 

Quasi Robert  Babtha 

Der  Pnigel  Peterl      .     .  Karl  Swoboda 

Evi Betty  Mailer 

Kordi Kathie  Thaller 

Vroni Marie  Nebaoer 

Margareth    .     .    .  Amelie  Schoenchefl 

"  Der  Pfarrer  von  Kirchf eld  "  had  its  first  American  perform- 
ance Dec  4.     "In  Austragetubschen  "  was  presented  Dec  8  to 




the  opening  of  the  last  week  of  the  Muenchener  company.  It  was 
its  first  American  representation.  The  play  translated  into  Eng- 
lish would  be  ''The  Old  Homestead."    The  cast  was: 

Der  Alte  Lehurhofbaaer,  Karl  Swoboda 
Waterl     ....  Amelie  Schoencheo 

MatU Karl  Ernst 

Wallf Betty  MuUer 

Natzel Emu  Hoefer 

Plauer     ....     Alois  Weyrauther 
Der  Stiglschuster  Max  Hofpener 

Die  Scbostemaadle   .      Kathie  Thaller 
Der  Lercbeabaaer     .     .      Karl  Meyer 

Evi Leni  ScheUer 

Veri Max  Selns 

Moni Emma  Grimm 

Girel Alfonse  Fischer 

Micnl Karl  Paschoer 

''Der  Prozesshaus'l "  was  given  for  the  first  time  in  America. 
The  Muenchener  closed  Dec.  1 3.  "  Die  Beste  Kur "  was  played 
Dec.  15,  in  which  the  regular  company  of  the  Amberg  made  their 
re-entrie.  "The  Lost  Paradise"  was  seen  Dec  18  for  the  first 
time  in  America.     The  cast  was: 

{alios  Bemardi     .     .  Herr  Kierschner 
lichard  von  Ottendorf, 

Herr  Ditrichstein 
Hans  Amdt  ....  Herr  Kruger 
Dr.  Heideck     .    .     .     Herr  Reischert 

Weber Herr  Morway 

Mublberg Herr  Walter 

Kraos Herr  Rauk 

Franke Herr  Mejtr 

Frau  Bemardi ...      Fr.  Trautmaon 

Frau  Heideck Frl.  Bella 

Reeke Fr.  Dobers 

Edith Frl.  Neumann 

"The  Lost  Paradise"  was  repeated  Dec.  22,  23.  "Cinderella" 
was  given  Dec.  25.  Dec  28  Josef  Brackl,  tenor,  from  Munich^ 
Bav. ,  made  his  American  d^but  in  "  The  Haunted  Castle ; "  Dec 
29,  "Nanon"  was  sung;  Dec.  30,  "Belle  HiWne;"  Dec.  31, 
" Flcdcrmaus ; "  Jan.  i,  1891,  "Three  Pair  of  Shoes,"  with  Paula 
Loewe  in  the  cast,  was  presented. 

Matinees  were  given  every  afternoon  (except  Friday)  during  the 
week  of  Dec.  29.  "  Poor  Jonathan "  (called  here  "  Der  Arme 
Jonathan  ")  was  sung  in  its  original  German  form,  for  the  first 
time  in  America,  Jan.   2  and  had  this  cast: 

Jooathan  Tripp 
Tobias  Quikly  . 
Catalucci  .  . 
Prostolone  .  . 
Prof.  Dryander 
Graf  Nowalsky 
Holmes   .     .     . 

Herr  Philipp 

Herr  Brakl 

.  Herr  Rauk 

Herr  Geleng 

Herr  Meyer 

Herr  Sinnhold 

Herr  Horwitz 

Herr  Morway 

BiUy Herr  Ceroid 

Fran9ois Herr  Hirsch 

Molly Frl.  Lx>ewe 

Big Frl.  Koenig 

Hunt Frl.  Hecht 

Grant Frl.  Lina 

Arabella Frl.  Kuhn 

Harriet Frl.  Seebold 

On  Jan.  21  "Oh,  Diese  Maenner!"  was  given  for  the  benefit 
of  Fraulein  Eugenie  Schmitz.  The  Muenchener  ensemble  reap- 
peared Jan.   22. 

Karl  Strcitmann  reappeared  Jan.  26,  when  "  Der  Doppclgaenger," 
a  comic  opera,  had  its  first  performance  in  America.  "Der  Huet- 
tenbesitzcr"  ("The  Iron  Master")  was  produced  Feb.  3.     "Ul- 

230       A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D891 

timo"  was  given  Feb.   5.      "Hanns  in  Glueck,"  by  Max  Gnib^ 
and   Franz   Koppel-Ellfeld,   Feb.    12.    "Der  Meineidfauer,"  Feb. 
17;  "Der  Verschwender "   ("The  Spendthrift")  Feb.  23;  '^Der 
Kriegeplan,"  Feb.   25.     The  German  Press   Club  had  a  benefit 
Feb.   27.     The  performance  began  with   "Die  Joumalisten/'  in 
which  Herr  von  der  Osten  played  the  principal  part.     After  the 
first  act  of  the  play  Frau  Herbert  Forster  sang  "Gestaudniss," 
Fraulein  Jahn  gave  "Meine  Liebist  griin  wie  de  Fliederbusch," 
and  Herren   Ruchmann,  Gudehus,  and  Behrens  sang  selectiona 
An  act  of  "  Einlagen  "  was  also  given  by  Herren  Streitmann  and 
Philipp  and  Fraulein  Loewe. 

"Das  Maedel  Mit  Geld,"  for  the  first  time  in  America,  March 
16.  " Sodom's  Ende"  ("the  End  of  Sodom ")  was  produced  March 
20,  first  time  in  America,  with  Herren  Preschtler,  Frau  Janikow, 
and  Frl.  Burg  in  the  principal  rdles. 

Adele  Epstein  made  her  d^but  March  24  as  Harriet  in  "Der 
Arme  Jonathan ; "  "  Gespenster  "  ("  The  Ghost ")  March  27 ;  Frau 
Trautmann,  Fraulein  Burg,  Herr  Kierschner,  Herr  Walter,  and 
Herr  Preschtler  were  also  in  the  cast.  "  Silly  Wives  "  (Flotte 
Weiber)  was  seen  March  31.  "Die  Hauben-lachen  "  was  given 
April  4,  for  the  first  time  in  America.  Langenthal,  Herr  Kniger; 
Herrmann,  Herr  Ditrichstein ;  Schmalenbach,  Herr  Rank;  Paul 
Ihlefeld,  Herr  Reischert;  Juliane,  Frl.  Leithner;  Schmalenbach, 
Frl.  Schmitz;  Lene,  Frl.  Burg.  The  final  performance  of  the 
Muenchener  company  was  on  April  11  in  "Der  Meineidfauer;" 
"Die  Sonne,"  April  16,  first  time  in  this  country.  Clemens, 
Herr  Meyer;  Arnold,  Herr  Sinnhold;  Gregor,  Herr  Kruger; 
Victor,  Herr  Ditrichstein;  Mathilde,  Frl.  Leithner;  Mariette, 
Frl.  Marie  Vetti;  Sabine,  Frl.  Burg;  Dora,  Frau  Trautmann. 
"Das  Alte  Lied"  ("The  Old  Story")  was  presented  April  24, 
for  the  first  time  in  America:  Eduard  Rahden,  Herr  Ditrichstein; 
Wehlan,  Herr  Sinnhold;  Fritz  Nicolai,  Herr  Stengel;  Luckhard, 
Herry  Meyer;  Anna  Nowack,  Frl.  Paula  Loewe.  "  Girofl^-Girofla" 
was  sung  April  30.  The  season  closed  May  9  but  the  house  re- 
opened May  16  for  a  benefit  to  Amberg,  when  "  Gasparone "  was 

In  June,  Mr.  Amberg  was  adjudged  bankrupt,  and  his  creditors 
met  to  discuss  his  affairs.  After  considerable  negotiation  a  deci- 
sion was  reached  on  July  14.  Papers  were  signed  by  Gustav  Am- 
berg on  one  side  and  Leo  Von  Raven  and  Max  Mansfield  on  the 
other,  by  which  Amberg  made  over  to  the  other  gentlemen  all  his 
rights,  title,  and  interests  in  the  lease  of  the  Amberg  Theatre,  and 
all  the  equipment  and  personal  property  in  payment  of  the  entire 
arrears  of  rent  and  taxes  up  to  Aug.  i.  The  new  lessees  attended 
to  the  financial  arrangements  and  Mr.  Amberg  was  left  as  the  man- 
ager.     The  theatre  reopened  Oct.    i,    1891,  with   "Romeo  and 

«t90  THE  AMBERG  THEATRE  231 

Juliet**  This  was  the  American  d6but  of  Josef  Kanitz  as  Romeo. 
"  Die  Ehre  "  ("  Honor  ")  was  given  Oct.  5 ;  "  Der  Huettenbesitzer  *' 
was  seen  Oct  7,  when  Seraphine  Detschy  made  her  American 
dfbut  '*  Galeoto  "  was  plaved  Oct.  9  for  the  first  time  in  America 
with  Kanitz  as  Ernesto;  '^Die  Shone  Ungarin  "  was  given  Oct. 
19;  "Der  Menonete/' Oct  22;  '^Kabaleund  Liebe "(" Love  and 
Intrigue"),  Oct.  26,  27,  and  matinee,  Oct.  31;  Kanitz  as  Ferdi- 
nand; and  '^Falsache  Helige,"  Oct  29,  31.  Emma  Moerdes  first 
appeared  here  Nov.  2  in  "  The  Gypsy  Baron ; "  "  The  Beggar  Stu- 
dent "  was  sung  Nov.  3 ;  and  "  Fledermaus/'  Nov.  4. 

Herr  Adalbert  Matkowsky,  of  the  Court  Theatre,  Berlin,  first 
acted  in  America  Nov.  5  in  "  Die  Raeuber  "  ("  The  Robbers  "),  as 
Karl  Moor.  "  Das  Lebeneen  Traum  "  ("  Life's  Dream  "),  Nov.  7, 
Matkowsky  as  Sigismund;  ''Maria  Stuart/'  Nov.  9,  Matkowsky  as 
Mortimer;  "Anna  Lise,"  Nov.  11  and  mating,  Nov.  14;  "Uriel 
Acosta,"  Nov.  12;  "Othello,"  Nov.  13;  "Die  Karlsochueler," 
Nov.  14;  "Die  Schauspieler  des  Kaisers,"  Nov.  16-17,  for  the 
first  time  in  this  city.  The  afterpiece  was  "  Cavalleria  Rusti- 
cana ; "  "  Anna  Lise  "  and  "  Cavalleria  Rusticana  "  were  given  Nov. 
18;  "Taming  of  the  Shrew  "and  "Cavalleria,"  Nov.  19-20,  and 
matinee,  Nov.  21;  "The  Emperor's  Players,"  Nov.  21;  "Clarigo," 
Nov.  23;  Matkowsky  and  Kanitz  acted  in  "Julius  Csesar,"  Nov. 
24;  and  "Der  Neue  Herr"  was  seen  Nov.  27,  for  the  first  time 
in  America.  "The  Emperor's  Players"  was  repeated  Dec.  2. 
Herr  Kirch,  was  cast  for  the  part  of  Maurice  Bernard  Dec.  2,  but 
he  did  not  appear,  although  his  name  was  on  the  programme.  At 
the  last  moment  Herr  Weigel  was  substituted  for  him.  This  was 
the  culmination  of  a  dramatic  breeze  which  had  been  blowing 
around  the  Amberg  Theatre  stage  ever  since  Fraulein  Moerdes, 
whose  name  in  private  life  is  Frau  Kirch,  failed  to  meet  the  man- 
agerial expectations  of  her  work  in  "The  Gypsy  Baron."  She  had 
an  opportunity,  however,  to  redeem  herself  as  Lola  in  "Cavalleria 
Rusticana,"  but  she  did  even  worse  then  than  before.  "  Hamlet  " 
was  given  Dec  4,  and  "Pension  Schocller,"  Dec  5.  Herr  Mat- 
kowsky took  his  farewell  Dec.  7,  when  "  Katchen  Von  Heilbronn  " 
was  acted.  "  Am  Tage  des  Gerichts  "  was  seen  Dec.  i4f  when 
Fraulein  Brentano  first  acted  here.  "  Die  Carbonari "  was  done 
Dec  16-17;  "Von  Stufe  Zu  Stufe,"  Dec.  18.  The  theatre  was 
closed  Dec.  24.  "The  Seven  Ravens"  was  given  Dec.  25,  when 
the  Excelsior  ballet  and  pantomime  company,  also  Maxoli  and  the 
01ivier*s  Gypsy  dancers  appeared.  Matinees  were  given  Dec.  26, 
28,  29,  30,  31,  and  Jan.  i,  1892.  Mile.  Amelia  Bossignang  was 
^entihre  danseuse,  Joseph  Kanitz  reappeared  Dec.  26  in  "The 
Juedin  Von  Toledo."  Von  Raven  and  Mansfield  now  bought  the 
lease  of  the  property.  Kanitz  closed  Dec.  31  with  "Sodom's 
Ende."     Mr.  Amberg  was  able  to  cast  the  play  with  three  of  the 

232      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Dajo 

artists  who  "  originated  "  their  parts  when  the  play  was  first  given 
in  Berlin  —  Herr  Kanitz  as  Willy  Janilsow,  Herr  Ranzenberg  as 
Kramer,  and  FrI.  Detschy  as  Adah. 

FrL  Marie  Barkany  appeared  here  Jan.  4,  1892,  for  the  first 
time  in  America,  acting  Fedora  in  the  play  of  that  name.  "  Die 
Waise  Von  Lowood"  ("Jane  Eyre")  was  given  Jan.  6;  "Fedora," 
Jan.  7;  "Taming  of  the  Shrew,"  Jan.  8;  "Francilla,"  Jan.  9; 
"Dcr  Vereins  Praesident,"  first  time,  Jan.  11;  "Adrienne  Lc- 
couveur,"  Jan.  13,  FrL  Barkany  in  title  r61e,  one  of  her  strongest 
parts.  "Faust"  was  given  Jan.  14;  "Dora,"  Jan.  16;  "Mary 
Stuart,"  Jan.  18;  "Die  Schulreiterin "  (" The  Circus  Rider ")»  and 
"Taming  of  the  Shrew,"  Jan.  19;  "Die  Jung  Frau  Von  Orleans," 
was  seen  Jan.  20;  "Fifi,"  Jan.  29.  This  was  a  German  version 
of  MM.  Meilhac  and  Halevy's  "La  Boule."  The  play  had  been 
seen  in  English  in  this  city  under  the  title  of  "Husbands  and 
Wives."  "Phillipine  Welser,"  was  produced  Feb.  4;  "Deborah," 
Feb.  10;  "Die  Bluthochzeit,"  Feb.  12,  for  A  Eggeling's  benefit 
Marie  Barkany  closed  her  engagement  Feb.  13,  in  "Alexandria." 

Anna  Haverland  made  her  d^but  Feb.  16  as  Brunhilde.  "  Hedda 
Gabler"  was  first  acted  here  Feb.  17.  Paula  Loewe  had  a  benefit 
Feb.  19  in  "Poor  Jonathan,"  when  Marie  Forrest  made  her  d^bat 
as  Harriet.  Herr  Emil  Thomas  appeared  March  2  in  "Mein  Leo- 
pold." "  Der  Kunst-Bacillus  "  was  given  March  3  for  the  first  time 
in  America.  "Der  Milliened-Bauer"  ("Millionaire  Peasant") 
was  played  March  10.  It  was  written  for  Emil  Thomas.  A  bene- 
fit for  the  widow  of  Richard  Koenig  was  given  March  14.  The 
programme  was:  The  Standard  Quartet,  "The  Salt  Cellar," 
"Little  Tuesday,"  Jennie  Yeamans,  Emil  Thomas,  Lydia  Yea- 
mans,  Judith  Berolde,  a  scene  from  "Blue  Jeans,"  Loie  Fuller,  the 
second  act  of  "  Die  Fledermaus,"  and  a  new  one-act  play  by  Eleanor 
Merron,  "The  Last  Rehearsal,"  then  acted  for  the  first  time  on 
any  stage,  with  Miss  Merron  (Mrs.  Archie  Cowper)  in  the  cast; 
"Unruhige  Leiten  oder  Litze  Memoiren,"  a  farce  by  Emil  Poht, 
was  first  acted  in  America  March  17;  "Der  Compagnon"  was  seen 
March  24;  "Die  Himmelsleiter,"  April  6;  "Der  Volksfeind," 
April  8;  "Georgette,"  April  15.  Week  of  April  18  the  house 
was  closed.  Frl.  Brentone  first  acted  in  this  city  April  25  in 
"  Der  Bethel  Student ; "  "  Sein  Bester  Freund"  ("  His  Best  Friend") 
was  done  May  7;  "Der  Ratzenf anger,"  an  operetta  by  A.  Neucn- 
dorff  was  sung  May  10.  The  season  closed  May  14,  with  a  benefit 
to  Gustav  Amberg.  Among  the  attractions  were  a  one-act  comedy, 
"Kin  delikater  Auftrag,"  in  which  Herr  Ditrichstein  appear^, 
and  Loie  Fuller,  in  dances;  Frl.  Georgine  v.  Janauschousky's 
singing  in  "Der  Freischiitz"  was  the  feature  of  the  evening. 
"Der  Arnie  Jonathan,"  in  which  Herr  Phillip,  Herr  Lube,  Herr 
Sinnhold,  and  Frl.  Paula  Loewe  were  seen,  closed  the  programme. 




For  Neuendorff's  benefit,  May  16,  his  opera  ''  Der  Ratzenfanger 
von  Hamoln  "  was  presented  Neuendorff  himself  led  the  orches- 
tra. The  first  performance  on  any  stage  of  a  three-act  operetta, 
•*Der  Minstrel/  the  music  by  Herr  Neuendorff  and  the  libretto  by 
Heinrich  Urban,  also  took  place  with  this  cast : 

Meredith,  Graf  von  Aberdeen 

Herr  Ceroid 
Lady  Cathaleen  ....  Frl.  Boner 
Naocy     .  Georgine  von  Jananschousky 

Betsy       Frl.  Schmitz 

Duncan Herr  Phillip 

Sir  Tom  ToUamore    .      Herr  Sinnhold 

Hiram  McFarland     .     .     .  Herr  Lube 

Mawdlin Frl.  Reichardt 

Bamaby Herr  Rank 

Robin  Peabody     .    .    .    Herr  Walter 

Mey Fri.Schlag 

Owen  O'Neale  ....  Herr  Gelleng 

Paula  Loewe  was  seen  in  the  title  rdle  of  "Nanon,"  May  27. 
Loie  Fuller  did  her  serpentine  dance.  ''The  Black  Hussar  '  was 
sung  June  3  for  the  benefit  of  Ludwig,  who  in  consequence  of  ill 
health  had  retired  from  the  stage.  Mathilde  Cottrelly  appeared 
June  13  in  "Di  Nahterin  "  ("The  Seamstress"). 

The  next  season  opened  Saturday  night,  Oct.  i  with  "Die 
Cameliendame  "  ("Camille").  A  benefit  was  given  Oct  3  for  the 
Hamburg  sufferers  from  the  cholera.  "Hamlet"  was  presented 
Oct  4  with  this  cast:  Claudius,  Herr  Sinnhold;  Hamlet,  Herr 
Morisson;  Polonius,  Herr  Walter;  Horatio,  Herr  Weigel;  Laertes, 
Herr  Hillman;  Ghost,  Herr  Meyer;  Queen,  Frl.  Burmeister; 
Ophelia,  Frl.  Leithner.  "Die  Memoiren  des  Teufels,"  Oct.  6. 
Eroil  Thomas  with  his  company  from  Berlin  commenced  Oct  10 
in  "  Unsere  Don  Juans,"  cast  thus:  Hugo  Schwalbe,  Emil  Thomas; 
Clarchen,  Olga  Walburg;  Lena,  Margarethe  Gallus;  Krewitz, 
Fritz  Behrend.  "  Leute  von  Heute  "  ("  People  of  the  Day  ")  was  seen 
Oct.  21,  for  the  first  time  in  America.  "  Ein  Verdachtiger  Schwie- 
gershon"  ("A  Suspected  Son-in-law")  was  played  Oct  27,  first 
time  in  America.  It  is  well  known  in  English  as  "The  Family 
Circle."  "Schmitterlinge"  ("Butterflies")  was  first  acted  in 
America  Nov.  3  with  this  cast: 

Hector  Kanaper    .     .     .  Emil  Thomas 

Emmeline Sofie  Urban 

Flora Margarethe  Gallus 

Petrowitsch  Lasarowitsch,     Emil  Berla 

Salina Willy  Walden 

Nascbka Olea  Walburg 

Hans  Heller      .     .     .      Richard  Georg 
Leo  Lerche Fritz  Behrend 

Kuntze Siefried  Basch 

Martha    ....     Hermine  Heinrich 

Foppcl Max  Walden 

Muller Adolf  Alfredo 

Jacob Karl  Koenig 

Muthing  ....     Franz  von  Metscb 
Ella HeU  Lange 

"Goldfische"  ("The  Railroad  of  Love")  was  played  Nov.  10; 
"Lachclnde  Gesichter*'  ("Smiling  Peaces  "^  was  given  Nov.  14- 
15,  also  "We  Take  in  Foreigners  Too,  '  and  "Viennese  in 
Berlin."  "Die  Kinder  der  Excellenz"  was  seen  Nov.  16,  for  the 
first  time   in   America      "Mam'zelle    Nitoucbe"  was  presented 

234      A  HISTORY   OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [1893 

Nov.   18,  and  "Heisses  Blut,"  Dec.  2,  also  for  the  first  time  in 

"Die  Reise  Durch  Marchenland "  ("A  Trip  Through  Fairy- 
land ")  was  given  Dec.  14  with  Doctor  Gotthard  Hansen  as  Otto 
Meyer.  Lucier  Veidler,  first  soprano,  from  the  Theatre  an  der 
Wien,  Vienna;  Charlotte  Tischler,  first  soprano  from  the  Royal 
Opera  House,  Vienna;  Julia  Wallner,  first  soprano,  from  Berlin 
Opera  House;  Mathilde  Severin,  Helen  Land,  and  Mina  Agte, 
sopranos;  Wilhelm  Bauer,  first  tenor,  from  the  Theatre  an  der 
Wien ;  Carl  Schulz,  comedian  and  first  tenor,  from  the  Friedrich 
Wilhelm  Stadt  Theatre,  Berlin;  Joseph  Greven,  first  tenor,  Carl 
Bartl,  first  baritone,  from  Berlin;  Leopold  Deutsch,  first  come- 
dian, from  the  Wallner  Theatre,  Berlin,  and  Ernst  Peterson,  with 
a  chorus  of  twenty-four  women  and  twenty-four  men,  made  their 
dibut  Dec.  26  in  the  comic  opera  "Der  Vogelhaendler."  The 
fiftieth  performance  occurred  Feb.  13,  1893.  "Das  Sonntags- 
kind  "  followed,  March  2.  This  opera  was  heard  at  the  Casino 
as  "Under  the  Child  of  Fortune."  The  German  Press  Club 
benefit  took  place  March  20  when  Manager  Conried  appeared  as 
"Gringoire."  "Die  Fledermaus"  was  sung  March  21-22,  and 
"  Gasparone "  March  23,  24,  25.  Ludovica  Wallner  made  her 
American  d^but  in  "  Fledermaus ;  "  "  Der  Vogelhaendler  "  was 
given  March  27;  "Madame  Angot,"  April  7;  "Poor  Jonathan," 
April  10;  "  Die  Sorglosen,"  April  13 ;  Carl  Grube  made  his  Ameri- 
can d^but  April  15  in  "  Die  Sternschuppe  "  ("  The  Shooting  Star  "). 
"  The  Man  in  the  Moon  "  was  presented  April  26.  The  season  closol 
April  29.  On  May  i  the  management  changed  hands  and  the  name 
of  the  theatre  was  changed  to  The  Irving  Place  Theatre. 


THE  Columbia  College  dramatic  club  opened  their  spring  per- 
formances May  8  at  the  house  now  known  as  the  Irving 
Place  Theatre,  with  "Ivanhoe,"  by  Benj.  Aymar  and  John  Regi- 
nald Blake,  Columbia  Law  School,  '92.  The  burlesque  had  this 

Sir  Brian      .     .      Albert  La  Montague 
Cedric      .     .      George  Newell  Hamlin 

Ivanhoe William  F.  Wall 

Isaac  of  York     Giles  Augustus  Taintor 

Wamba Joseph  G.  Lamb 

Oswald    .     .     .    John  Reginald  Blake 
King  Richard 

Richard  Stockton  Emmet,  Jr. 

Prince  John  .  Arthur  Middleton  Baike 
De  Bracy     ....    John  B.  Brazier 

Athelstane Torre  Bueno 

Rowena  ....  Edward  Rush  Duer 
Rebecca  .  .  Melvin  Henry  Dalberg 
Premiere  Danseuse,  Louis  Fitzgerald,  Jr. 
Second  Danseuse 

Bertram  de  Lancey  Drake 

The  regular  season  opened  Oct.    2  with  Heinrich  Conried  as 
manager.     The  programme  contained  an  open  letter  in  which  Mr. 


Conned  philosophized  over  past  failures  in  the  attempt  to  success- 
fully maintain  in  this,  "the  third  German  city  of  the  world/'  a 
permanent  German  theatre.  " Grosstadtluf t "  ("The  Air  of  the 
Metropolis"),  adapted  by  Augustin  Daly  and  called  "A  Test 
Case,"  was  the  initial  performance.  "Heimath"  was  produced 
Oct.  9;  "Die  Strohwittwe"  ("Grass  Widow")  was  given,  fol- 
lowed  by  the  farce  "  Der  Sechste  Sinn ;"  "  Lolo's  Father  "  came 
Oct.  26;  **Der  Lebemann,"  Nov.  2;  "Gefallen  Engel,"  Nov.  9; 
•Unser  Frauen,"  Nov.  16,  for  the  first  time  in  America;  "Gefal- 
len Engel "  ("  Fallen  Angels  "),  Nov.  2a  "  Der  Vogelhaendler  " 
was  sung  Dec.  4  by  the  Ferenczy  opera  company.  The  cast  was 
the  same  as  before  except  that  Ernst  Monti  appeared  as  Stanislaus ; 
^Matteo  Falcone,"  a  one-act  comic  opera  was  done  Dec  18;  and 
was  followed  by  "I  Pagliacci."  "Gasparone"  was  given  for  the 
balance  of  the  week.  "  Lachelnde  Erben  "  ("  Laughing  Heirs  ") 
was  played  Dec  25  for  the  first  time  in  America. 

The  Ferenczy  company  commenced  the  last  week  of  their  stav 
on  Jan.  i,  1894,  with  "Lachelnde  Erben."  " Das  LeUte  Wort  ' 
("The  Last  Word")  was  presented  Jan.  8  for  the  first  time  in 
America  in  German.  "Schuldig"  ("Guilty")  was  seen  Jan.  15 
for  the  first  time  in  America.  "Weilchen  Presser"  was  given 
matinee  and  night  of  Jan.  26.  "Gefallen  Engel"  was  seen  Jan. 
22,  and  matinee  Jan.  27;  "Wohlthatige  Frauen"  ("Charitable 
Women  ")  Jan.  3,  and  matinee,  Feb.  3,  for  the  first  time  in  four- 
teen years.  "  Der  Schwabenstreiche  "  (7-20-8)  and  Feb.  3.  "  Der 
Talisman,"  by  Ludwig  Fulda,  was  given  Feb.  7;  "Zwei  Glueck- 
liche  Tage"  ("Two  Happy  Days")  Feb.  22.  "The  Perjurer." 
for  the  matin6e,  Feb.  22.  Heinrich  Conried  appeared  March  8  in 
" Der  Prozesshansel. "  "The  Crucifix-Carver  of  OberAmmergau " 
was  seen  March  15,  20,  21,  with  Herr  Strausmann  in  the  title 
rdle.     "The  Talisman"  was  repeated   March  23;   "Cyprienne" 

5"Divorcons"),  March  25;  "Sauvian  Pranks,"  March  26;  "Two 
lappy  Days,"  March  27-30  and  April  2;  "Tender  Relations," 
March  28,  and  matinee,  March  31;  "Fallen  Angels,"  March  29, 
and  "Dr.  Klaus,"  March  31;  Grete  Gallus  first  appeared  here 
April  3  in  "A  Night  Oflf;"  Conried's  last  appearance  was  April 
4  in  "Dr.  Klaus."  "Die  Arme  Lowin"  ("Les  Lionnes  Pauvres") 
was  given  April  5,  for  the  first  time  in  America.  An  American 
version  of  this  comedy  called  "Our  Country  Cousins"  was  seen  at 
the  Lyceum  Theatre;  "Die  Arme  Lowin"  was  repeated  April  9, 
10,  II;  "Das  Heirathsnest "  was  seen  April  12,  13,  14,  for  the 
first  time  in  America.  "Ein  Schritt  Vom  Wege"  ("A  Step  from 
the  Road"),  April  26.  The  season  closed  April  30  with  "Das 

The  next  season  opened  Saturday  night,  Sept.  29,  with  "Die 
Karlschueler,"  Oct.  i.     "Der  Andere"("The  Other  Man")  was 

236       A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       DSqs^ 

played  for  the  American   d^but  of  Max  Bira  as  Dn    Hallers. 
"  Mauerbluemchen  "  ("  A  Wall  Flower  ")  was  seen  Oct.  4  for  thfe 
American  debut  of  Max  Hanseler  as  Justus  Woermann.  "  Heimath  '^ 
was  given  Oct  1 1,  when  Lucie  Freisinger  made  her  American  d^bu^ 
as  Magda.      "Wohlthaet  er  der  Menscheit"  (**  Mankind's  Bene- 
factor") was  produced  Oct.  18,  for  the  first  time  in  America.      Its 
author  was  Felix  Phillippi.      The  fourth  centennial  Hans  Sachs 
celebration  was  arranged  by  Manager  Conried  for  Nov.  5.     Anton 
Seidl  led  the  orchestra,   strengthened  for  the  occasion.      Emil 
Fisher,  William   Stephens,   Paul   Siegel,  Ida  Klein,  and   Marie 
Maurer  sang  solos.      The  overture  of  "Die   Meistersinger  von 
Nurnberg,"   opened  the  festival.      "Von  der   Lisabetha,    Eines 
Kaufherm  Tochter,"  was  presented.    The  solos  from  "  Die  Meister- 
singer"  were  rendered  by  Messrs.   Fisher,  Stephens,  and  Si^el 
and  the  Misses  Ida  Klein  and  Marie  Maurer.     "Der  Fahrende 
Schueler "  was  produced  in  the  original,  and  with  the  same  early 
methods:  Rudolf  Senius  playing  the  title  rdle;  Max  Hanseler,  the 
farmer;  and  Adolph  Link,  the  farmer's  wife. 

"  Der  Compagnon  "  was  given  Nov.  8  with  Adolph  Link  as 
August  Voss.  Nov.  9  was  Schiller's  birthday,  and  it  was  cele- 
brated by  a  performance  of  his  "  Marie  Stuart "  "  Der  Herr  Sen- 
ator," by  Schoenthan  and  Kadelburg,  was  seen  Nov.  19,  and  ran 
all  the  week,  except  Nov.  20,  when  Minna  von  Bamhelm  appeared 
in  "  Die  Karl  Schuler,"  matinee,  Dec.  i.  "  Der  Veilchen  Presser** 
was  given  at  the  matinie,  Nov.  29  and  "Der  Unglaubige  Thomas*' 
("  Doubting  Thomas  ")  was  played  Nov.  29.  "  Das  Zweite  Ge- 
sicht"  ("The  Second  Farce"),  the  original  of  "Miss  Million," 
was  seen  Dec.  6  for  the  first  time  in  America.  "Jugend,"  by 
Max  Halbe,  Dea  13,  also  for  the  first  time  in  America;  "Die 
Kleine  Frau  "  ("Little  Wife"),  by  F.  Phillippi,  was  played  Dec 
27,  for  the  first  time  on  any  stage.  It  had  this  cast :  Robert  Lamm, 
Max  Bira ;  Charlotte,  Charlotte  Durand ;  Lothar  von  Roggenbach, 
Herman  Schmelzer;  Martin  Schluter,  Adolf  Link.  "Heimath" 
was  repeated  Dec.  28  at  popular  prices;  "Blau,"  Dec  31,  also 
"Der  Hofmeister  in  One  Thousand  Aengsten"  ("The  Headmaster 
in  a  Thousand  Difficulties  "),  and  "  Eine  Verkommene  Frau  "  ("An 
Ideal  Wife").  "Mit  Vergnuegen,"  by  Gustav  von  Moser,  was 
seen  Jan.  7,  1895;  "Die  Kleine  Frau,"  Jan.  8;  "Jugend,"  Jan. 
9;  "Die  Orientreise,"  ("Trip  to  the  East"),  by  Blumenthal  and 
Kadelburg,  was  played  Jan.  10,  first  time  in  America;  as  "The 
Orient  Express"  this  comedy  was  produced  by  Augustin  Daly  at 
his  theatre  here.  "  Wilhelm  Tell  "  was  given  Jan.  11  and  matinee 
Jan.  12 at  popular  prices;  "  Vasantasena,"  from  Emil  PohVs  "King 
Sudraka  "  was  presented  Jan.  24  for  the  first  time  in  America. 
"Papageno,"  by  Rudolf  Kneisel  came  Feb.  7;  "Goldfische" 
("Railroad  of  Love"),  Feb.   21;  "Ein  Palast  Revolution"  ("A 


Home   Rebellion")  was  given    Feb.  28,   for  the   first   time   in 

"Ohne  Gelcut"  ("Without  Bellringing "),  March  7,  1895; 
^Niobe,"  a  German  version  of  that  play,  March  21 ;  Hilma  Schue- 
ten  made  her  d^but  March  29  in  "  Die  Waise  Von  Lowood  "  {*'  Jane 
Eyre").  "Sedan  Friedrichsrul,"  by  John  Weiman,  was  seen  April 
1  for  the  first  time  on  any  stage :  Wilhelm  I.,  Emil  Otto;  Napo- 
leon III.,  Mathicu  Pfeil.  "Liebe  Vonhuete"  ("The  Love  of  a 
Day  ")b  by  Robert  Misch,  was  acted  April  11,  and  "  Die  Librente," 
by  Gustav  von  Moser,  April  22;  the  season  closed  April  30  with 
"  Die  Joumalisten. "  During  the  evening  news  came  that  the  author 
d  this  play  had  died  in  Wiesbaden.  The  Metropolitan  amateur 
club,  together  with  the  Metropolitan  amateur  orchestra,  gave  a 
performance  of  the  opera  of  "Patience"  here  May  14. 

The  next  season  began  Oct  i  with  "Graf  Essex,"  when  Bruno 
Geidner  first  acted  in  America ;  "  Der  Herr  Senator  "  came  Oct. 
t,  and  "Der  Schmetterling-krieg "  ("Battle  of  the  Butterflies"), 
Oct.  6.  This  was  the  American  d^but  of  Gusti  Forst ;  "  Ferreol " 
was  seen  Oct  10.  An  adaptation  of  this  play  was  seen  at  the 
Lyceum  Theatre  in  this  city  as  "The  Marquis;"  "Graf  Essex" 
was  repeated  Oct  11;  "Ferreol"  Oct  12,  with  the  American 
d£bvX  of  Marie  Reichardt ;  "  Barf uessige  Fraulein  "  was  seen  Oct 
17;  and  "Der  Hexenkessel"  ("Wizard's  Ravine"),  Oct.  24,  for 
the  first  time  on  any  stage.  Franziska  Huss  then  made  her  first 
appearance  on  any  stage.  "  Zwei  Waffenschilder  "  (*'  Two  Coats  of 
Arms ") was  presented  Nov.  7,  for  the  first  time  in  America;  "Die 
Rauber  "  came  Nov.  9,  with  the  reappearance  of  Heinrich  Conried 
as  Franz  Moor;  "Zwei  WafFen"  was  given  Dec.  2  for  the  twenty- 
fifth  time,  and  "Die  Stemschnuppe "  ("The  Shooting  Star"),  by 
G.  von  Moser  and  O.  Gimdt,  with  Max  Bird  as  Dr.  West,  Frl. 
Von  Romanowsk  as  his  wife,  and  Hubert  Reusch  as  Hugo.  "Ge- 
fadlen  Engel "  was  seen  Dec.  7 ;  "  Drei  Engel  im  House "  ("  A 
Home  with  Three  Angels  "),  Dec.  12,  for  the  first  time  in  America. 

"  Zum  Wohlthaetigen  Zweck  "  ("  For  Charity's  Sake  ")  was  pre- 
sented Dec  19,  for  the  first  time  in  America.  Amateurs  acted 
*•  Heinrich  Heine  "  Dec.  20,  for  the  benefit  of  the  Heine  Monument 
Fund;  "Die  Fledermaus"  was  sung  Dec  25,  26^  and  28.  Adolf 
Link,  who  was  the  original  Franke  in  Vienna,  was  in  the  cast  here ; 
••Feman's  Ehecontract"  ("Femand's  Marriage  Contract")  was 
given  Dec.  31;  "Der  Domenweg"  ("Thorny  Path"),  by  Felix 
Fhillippi,  was  seen  Jan.  9,  1896,  for  the  first  time  in  America. 
**Glueck  Bei  Frauen  "  ("Luck  in  Love")  was  played  Jan.  16; 
**  William  Tell "  was  done  Jan.  17  at  popular  prices,  with  Mathieu 
Pfcif  in  the  title  rdle;  "Sie  Wird  Gekuesst"  ("She  Gets  a  Kiss") 
was  seen  Jan.  23;  "Die  Ueberzaehligon "  ("Superfluous  Ones"), 
Jan.   30.     "Nachruhm,"   Feb.   6,  for  the  first  time  in  America; 

238      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D^w 

"Comtesse  Gucki,"  Feb.  27,  with  Adolf  Link  as  Alois.  This 
was  its  first  performance  in  America  in  German.  ''Der  Grosse 
Komet"  ("The  Great  Comet"),  came  March  19;  "Das  Hunger- 
loos"  ("Starvation")  was  given  March  26,  for  the  first  time  in 
America;  "Romeo  and  Juliet"  was  played  March  27;  "Lottery 
Ticket, "  March  28.  "  Die  Weber  "  Q  Weavers  **)  was  acted  April 
i;  "Der  Militaerstaat,"  April  2;  "Der  Herr  Senator,"  April  9^ 
when  Geo.  Engels  made  his  American  d^but  in  the  title  rAle. 
"  Die  Kinder  der  Excellenz  "  came  April  13 ;  "  Kricg  Im  Friesdcn," 
April  14;  and  "College  Crampton,"  April  20,  for  the  first  time  in 
America.  Geo.  Engels  gave  his  last  performance  here  May  2,  io 
"  Dr.  Klaus. "    The  season  closed  May  9. 

The  next  regular  season  began  Oct.  i,  1896,  with  "Die  Offizielle 
Frau, "  an  adaptation  of  "  My  OflScial  Wife. "  Adele  Hartwig  made 
her  American  d^but  on  this  occasion.  "  Goldregen  "  C*  Gold  Rain  ") 
was  seen  Oct.  15 ;  "  Seine  Gewesene  "  ("  His  Late  Wife")  was  played 
Oct  22,  for  the  first  time  in  America.  "  Maria  Stuart "  was  seen 
Oct  23;  "Die  Erste,"  Oct  29;  and  "Papa  Nitsche,"  Nov.  5,  for 
the  first  time  in  America;  "Die  Beruehmte  Frau"  ("Famous 
Woman"),  Nov.  19.  This  play  had  been  done  in  English  as 
"The  Great  Unknown."  "Gebildete  Menschen"  ("Educated 
People")  was  done  Nov.  25,  for  the  first  time  in  America;  "Der 
Weg  Zum  Herzen"  ("The  Way  to  the  Heart"),  by  Adolph  L 
Aronge,  was  seen  Dec.  17;  "Love  and  Intrigue"  came  Dec  18; 
"Der  Rabenvater"  ("His  Absent  Boy"),  Dec.  31;  "Das  Einmal- 
eins,"  by  Oscar  Blumenthal,  was  presented  Jan.  14,  1897,  for  the 
first  time  in  America,  with  Adolf  Link,  Hubert  Reusch,  and 
Jenny  Loibel  in  the  cast  Heinrich  Conried  appeared  Jaa.  15  in 
"  Die  Raueber. "  "  Wer  War  s  "  ("  Who  was  it  ? "),  by  Felix  Phil- 
lippi,  was  produced  Jan.  21 ;  "  Das  Eigene  Blut "  ("  His  Own  Flesh 
and  Blood  "),  by  F.  von  Zobelitz,  was  done  Jan.  28;  "  Das  Lampen- 
gesindel "  ("  Bohemians  "),  by  Ernst  von  Wolzogen,  Feb.  4,  and 
"Tata-Totoa,"  adapted  from  the  French  by  Victor  Leon,  with 
music  by  Banes.  "Die  Wilde  Jagd"  ("The  Wild  Chase"),  bv 
Brentano  and  Tellheim,  had  its  first  American  production  March 
6;  "Graefin  Fritz,"  by  Blumenthal,  came  March  13,  for  the  first 
time  in  this  country;  "Neues  Leben"  was  seen  March  16^  for  the 
first  time  on  any  stage;  " Brockspruenge "  ("Funny  Capers") 
came  March  25  for  the  first  time  in  America. 

Frau  Agnes  Sorma  made  her  American  d^but  at  this  theatre 
April  12,  in  "Nora"  ("Doll's  House");  "Liebelei"  ("Flirta- 
tion")  followed;  "Dora"  ("Diplomacy")  was  played  April  19; 
**Chic"  was  seen  April  22  for  the  first  time  in  America;  "Die 
Versunckene  Glocke"("The  Sunken  Bell"),  by  Gerhart  Haupt- 
mann,  was  presented  April  29,  with  Rauteuderlein,  Agnes  Sorma; 
Heinrich,  Herman  Schmelzer,    and  Magda,  Auguste  Burmeister. 


Frau  Sorma  took  her  farewell  May  4,  as  Lorle  in  '^Dorf  und 

The  next  season  began  Sept.  30,  1897,  with  ''Die  Goldene  Eva'' 
("  The  Golden  Eva "),  in  rhymed  verse,  by  Franz  von  Schoenthan 
and  F.  Koppel-Ellfeld.  Camilla  Marbach  as  Eva,  and  Herr 
Hanno  as  Von  Schwetzingen  made  their  New  York  d^but.  '*  Kabale 
und  Liebe "  ("  Love  and  Intrigue ")  was  played  Oct.  8 ;  Oct  1 1 
**  Jourfix  "  C  A  Day  at  Home  "),  an  old  German  play,  was  produced. 
In  the  second  act  of  this  play  Manager  Conried  introduced  the 
members  of  his  comic  opera  company,  consisting  of  Milla  Barry, 
Olga  D'Estree,  Martha  Glueck,  Riesa  Stella,  Jean  Felix,  Edmund 
Hanno,  and  Alfred  Liehan^  all  of  whom  were  heard  here  for  the 
first  time.  ''Jane  Evre"  was  seen  Oct  13,  Ednard  Posanski  mak- 
ing his  American  d6but  as  Lord  Rochester;  Oct  14,  and  balance 
of  the  week  "  Mme.  Sans  Gene "  was  given,  with  Anna  Braga  in 
the  title  rdle,  and  Emil  Marx,  as  Napoleon;  "Die  Mutter"  ("The 
Mothers")  was  presented  Oct.  26  for  the  first  time  in  America. 
Heinrich  Conried  appeared  Oct  30 as  Murzelsepp  in  "  Der  Pfarrer ; " 
Nov.  4,  "  Die  Lachtaube "  ("  The  Cooing  Dove  "),  an  operetta  by 
Eugen  von  Taund,  libretto  by  Alexander  landesberg  and  Leo  Stein, 
was  sung  for  the  first  time.  In  this  Julie  Kopacsy,  Adolf  Perius, 
and  Riesa  Stella  made  their  first  appearance  in  America.  Nov. 
10  "Die  Lachtaube"  was  given  with  Kopacsy  as  Helena  and  Perius 
as  Marjau;  "  Waldmeister,"  by  Gustave  Davis,  music  by  Johann 
Strauss,  was  sung  Nov.  29. 

On  Dec.  20  "Die  Einzige"  ("The  Only  One"),  by  M.  Petzold, 
was  presented;  "Hans  Huckebein,"  by  O.  Blumenthal  and  G.  von 
Kadeburg,  which  is  the  original  of  "  Number  Nine,  or  the^  Lady  of 
Ostend,"  was  played  Jan.  6,  10,  12,  and  14,  1898;  "Die  Fleder- 
maus"  was  sung  Jan.  11,  13,  and  15,  with  Julie  Kopacsy  as  Adcle; 
''The  Passing  Regiment"  was  seen  matinee,  Jan.  15;  "Die  Gigcr- 
lin  von  Wien  "  ("  The  Vienna  Dudes  ")  was  done  Jan.  20;  "  Ascher- 
mittwoche  "  ("Ash  Wednesday  ")  was  played  first  time  in  this  city 
Feb.  8;  "Die  Bruder"  ("The  Brothers"),  by  Paul  Lindau;  "Die 
Logenbruder "  ("  Lodge  Members "),  by  Lauss  and  Kraatz,  were 
given  Feb.  17  for  the  first  time  in  America.  Conried's  benefit  and 
twenty-fifth  anniversary  of  his  stage  d^but  took  place  Feb.  23, 
when  he  acted  De  Banville  in  "  Gringoire ; "  also  appearing  in 
the  second  act  of  "The  Bat"  and  "The  Strike  of  the  Smiths;" 
"  Die  Rothe  Brieftasche  "  r"  The  Red  Wallet "),  by  Franz  Csep- 
reghgi,  German  adaptation  oy  Alex.  Rosen,  was  produced  March 
9.  Agnes  Sorma  reappeared  March  14  in  "The  Doirs  House,"  and 
March  17,  for  the  first  time  in  America,  in  " Madchentraum  "  ("A 
Maiden's  Dream"),  by  Max  Bernstein;  "Untreu,"  by  Roberto 
Bracco,  German  version  by  Otto  Eisenschultz,  was  given  March 
21.     Sorma  acted  Rauteuderlein  March  24  in  "Die  Versunckene 

240      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       C1899 

Glocke  "  ("  The  Sunken  Bell ") ;  "  Divorcons  "  was  acted  March  28, 
with  Sorma  as  Katharine;  March  31,  "Taming  of  the  Shrew;'* 
"Die  Kleinen  Laemmer"  ("The  Little  Lambs"),  for  the  first 
time  in  America,  April  2.  "Die  Wettshwimmer "  was  offered 
April  20  for  the  first  time  in  America;  "The  Sunken  Bell"  was 
repeated  April  26;  "Konigs  Kinder"  (" King's  Children ")  was 
seen  April  29  for  the  first  time  in  America.  Agnes  Sorma  took 
her  farewell  May  9  as  Jane  Eyre  in  Charlotte  Birch-Pfeiflfer's 
dramatization  of  Charlotte  Bronte's  novel. 

The  next  season  began  Sept.  15,  1898,  with  "The  Golden  Horse- 
shoe," by  Robert  Breitenbach,  and  thus  cast: 

Harry  TaU Max  Walter 

Will  B.  Gay      .     .     .    Selma  Goerner 

Rosa Toni  Mdster 

Sbarpe Herrmann  Ring 

Eva     ....  Mrs.  Elise  Ebert  Lan 

McKee Kraft  Walton 

Rob Adolf  Zink 

Bob Franz  Ebert 

Eulailie Bertha  Jaeger 

Tootsie Helene  Linder 

" Circusleute "  ("Circus  People"),  by  Franr'von  Schoenthan, 
was  played  Nov.  14;  "Im  Weissen  Roess'l,"  by  Blumenthal  and 
Kadelburg,  was  also  produced,  and  Dec.  26  "Bruder  Martin/'  by 
Carl  Costa,  was  given.  Dec.  26  the  Tegemseer  peasant  players, 
a  company  from  the  Swiss  mountains,  made  their  first  appearance 
in  this  country.  They  presented  "Der  Herr  Gottschnitzer  von 
Ammergau  "  (;'  The  Crucifix  Carver  of  Ammergau  "),  by  S.  Gang- 
hofer  and  Hans  Neuert.  Jan.  5,  1899,  "Das  Erbe"  ("The  Inheri- 
tance) "  was  seen,  when  Eugene  Schady  made  his  American  d6but 
On  Jan.  9  "  Jaegerblut,"  by  Benno  Rauchenegger,  was  presented 
The  Bavarian  peasant  actors  were  seen  Jan.  20  in  "Almenrauch 
und  Edelweiss,"  by  Hans  Neuert.  "  Im  Schwarzen  Roess'l  "  ("At 
the  Black  Horse  Tavern  Inn  "),  a  dramatization  of  Fred.  Hilpert's 
novel,  and  "Berghexen,"  by  Gustav  Amberg,  were  produced  Jan. 
24  by  the  company  of  peasant  actors.  On  Feb.  2  "Busch  und 
Reichenbach,"  by  Heinrich  See  and  Wilhelm  Meyer  Forster,  was 
given  for  the  first  time  in  America;  "Der  G'sunde  Kern,"  by  Jos. 
Kellerer,  was  acted  Feb.  3.  "Jugenfreunde  "  ("Comrades"),  by 
Ludwig  Fulda,  was  presented  Feb.  9;  "D'Z*widerwurzen,"  a 
peasant  play,  with  singing  and  dancing,  was  given  by  the  Tegem- 
seer peasants,  Feb.  17.  "Auf  Der  Sonnenseite"  ("The  Sunny- 
side"),  by  Blumenthal  and  Kadelburg,  was  seen  Feb.  21 ; "  Freiwild" 
("  Free  Game  "),  by  Arthur  Schnitzler,  was  done  Feb.  16,  for  the 
first  time  in  America.  "Cyrano  de  Bergerac,"  the  German  ver- 
sion of  Rostand's  play,  by  Ludwig  Fulda,  was  presented  March 
13,  with  Eugen  Schady  as  Cyrano. 

Adolph  von  Sonnenthal  reappeared  in  America  April  6  in  Les- 
sing's  "Nathan  der  Weise,"  at  increased  prices;  Larder's  "Alte 
Junggesellen  "  was  acted  April  8;  "Wallenstein's  Death,"  April 
11;   "The  Daughter  of  Fabricius,"  and  "Fuhrmann   Henschel," 




jerhard  Hauptmann,  April  25.  Marie  Geistinger  returned  to 
country  April  3  and  was  seen  as  Rose  in  Ferdinand  Ray- 
id's  "  Vcrschwender ; "  "  Die  Kindsfrau,"  a  musical  farce  adapted 
I  the  French,  was  played  April  25  with  Geistinger  as  Kathe. 
stock  company  appeared  May  11  in  "Der  Veilchenf resser  " 
he  Flatterer").  Sonnenthal  appeared  in  "The  Iron  Master" 
il  29.  His  last  appearance  here  was  May  i  in  the  same  rdle, 
n  the  Hungarian  societies  of  New  York  bestowed  a  silver 
el  wreath  upon  him,  and  Heinrich  Conried  presented  him  with 
Iver  toilet  set 

he  next  regular  season  began  Sept.  30,  1899,  with  Schiller's 
aria  Stuart,"  cast  as  follows: 

ibeth      ....      Slava  Roberts 
ta  Stuart      .     .     .   Martha  Schiffel 

Icy Paul  Fabcr 

lOt Carl  Bender 

I A.  Meyer-Eigen 

t F.  Hitzigrath 

idson Julius  Strobi 

Amias  Paulet    .     .    .     Max  Hanseler 
Mortimer  Rudolph  Klein-Rhoden 

Aubespine    ....  Jacques  Horwits 
Drugeon  Drury     .     .     .  Carl  Frischer 

Melvil George  Le  Bret 

Hanoa      .     .     .    Wilhelmine  Schluter 
Margarethe   .    .    .    Ruscha  Michaelis 

>ct  3,  "Renaissance,"  by  Schoenthan  and  Koppel-Ellfeld  was 
red.  On  this  occasion  Anna  Leonardi  and  Emma  Schroth  made 
r  American  d6but  On  Oct.  i6"Maedel  als  Rekrut"  ("The 
I  Recruit "),  by  Kurt  Kraatz  and  Heinrich  Stobitzer,  was  pro- 
ed.  On  Nov.  8  "  Das  Opferlamman  "  ("  The  Scapegoat ")  was 
d  and  was  also  played  at  the  Germania  Theatre  in  this  city  on 
same  night.  It  had  already  been  done  at  the  Bijou  Theatre 
:his  city  as  "The  Purple  Lady;"  on  Nov.  21,  "Die  Herren 
nc,"  by  Oskar  Walther  and  Leo  Stein,  was  produced  with  this 

drich  Rommel .     .     Max  Hanseler   Lotte Meta  Buenger 

jina    .     .     .     Wilhelmine  Schluter   Else Frida  Brandt 

lelm Gustav  Olmar  Roschen  Himmer  .     .     .  £lly  Collmer 

d Anna  Leonardi  Jettchen Marie  Corti 

pern C.  Bender  Jerome Jacques  Lurian 

otf Rudolph  Senius  £in  Schlachtergeselle .     .  Carl  Frischer 

ge A.  Meyer-Eigen 

r.  30  "Hofgunst"  ("Court  Favor"),  by  Thilo  von  Trotha, 
ch  had  a  run  of  more  than  three  hundred  nights  in  Berlin, 
presented  here.  Dec.  11,  "Das  Recht  Auf  Sich  Selbst " 
*he  Right  of  the  Individual  "),  by  Friedrich  von  Wrede,  was 
m  with  this  cast: 

Philipp Paul  Faber 

Kleiner  Wilke 

la Martha  Schiffel 

s  Lutz     .     .     .     Franz  Kicrschner 
t  Hart  Rudolph  Klein-Rhoden 

essor  Brause    .     .  Fritz  Hitzigrath 

VOL.  II.  — 16 

Professorin  Brause 

Ein  Hauptmann 
Der  Pastor  .  . 
Ein  altes  Fraulein 

Wilhelmine  Schluter 
.  .  George  Le  Bret 
.  Semmy  Herzmann 
.     .     Lina  Hanseler 

242      A   HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK   STAGE       [igoo 

"Haubenlerche,"   Dec.    14;   "Ein   Blitzmaedel"   ("A  Telegraph 
Girl "),  by  Costa  and  Millocker,  was  also  given,  when  Herr  Felix: 
Schweighofer,  the  German  character  comedian,  made  his  Ameri- 
can d^but,  as  Leo  Bruller.     This  bill  was  repeated  Jan.  i,  2,   3,. 
1900.     "  Pension  Schoeller  "  ("  Schoeller's  Boarding  House  "),  b)P 
Carl  Laufus,  was  also  acted,  with  Schweighofer  as  Philipp  Klapp— 
roth.     He  appeared  Jan.  4,  5,  and  6,  as  Stocker  in  "  Die  Gypsfigur  '* 
("The  Statuette").     On  Jan.   11  Schweighofer  varied  his  enter- 
tainment by  appearing  as  a  monologuist  in  a  series  of  descriptive 
stories  illustrating  every-day  life  in  Vienna.     He  was  alone  on  the 
stage  for  forty-five  minutes.     He  gave  three  sketches,  in  which  he 
impersonated  various  widely  different  characters  with  remarkable 
skill.     The  remainder  of  the  performance  consisted  of  a  one-act 
comedy  "Unter  Vier  Augen,"  in  which  Anna  Braga  was  the  prin- 
cipal figure,  and  "  Ein  Vereinsschwester  "  ("  A  Female  Lodge  Mem- 
ber"), a  musical  comedy  in  which  Herr  Schweighofer  again  displayed 
his  skill.    Jan.  15  "Mathias  Gollinger"  was  played  with  Schweig- 
hofer in  the  title  rdle;  Jan.  18,  "Gebildete  Menchen"  ("Educat«i 
People  "),  Schweighofer  as  Adolf.     He  appeared  Jan.  23  in  a  one- 
act  comedy  "Scheu  vor  dem  Minister"  ("Timidity  Before  the 
Minister"),  a  short  farce  called  "Othello's  Erfolg"  ("Othello's 
Success"),  and  the  second  act  of  "Blitzmaedel,"  for  his  farewell. 
On  Jan.  22  "Eine  Kamevals-Posse,"  arranged  by  Gustav  von 
Seyflfertitz,  was  produced  with  this  cast: 

Carl  Rogler     .     Gustav  von  SeyfFertitz 

Ludmila Meta  Buenger 

Melan Frida  Brandt 

Fritzi Yona  Grahn 

Aueust  Linde  Eugen  Hohenwarth 

Arthur  Bogen      .   Vladimir  Schambere 

Resi Gussie  Frankel 

Marie Eugenie  Lehmann 

Frau  Bemauer    .     .     .      Anna  Sander 
Frau  Artner      Johanna  Claussen-Koch 

Clara Adele  Sauer 

Mucki Ida  Frey 

Juller,  Concipient    .     .      Adolf  Tcleky 

Hubler Emil  Sievert 

Ein  Sicherheitswach-Inspektor 

Heinrich  Habnch 

Janker Jacques  Lurian 

Simon  Dalles  ...  Herr  Kronaa 
Jakob  Reis     ....     Julius  Ascher 

Sali Adele  Liansky 

Prokop  Janitschek  .  .  .  WiUy  Frey 
Dovidl  ....  Ferdinand  Ries 
Moritz Jacques  Horwitz 

Jan.  31,  "Am  Spieltisch  des  Leben"  ("Game  of  Life")  was  given 
for  the  first  time  in  America.  Feb.  6  "Als  Ich  Wiederkam" 
("  When  I  Came  Again  "),  by  Von  Blumenthal  and  Kadelburg,  and 
sequel  to  "  Im  Weissen  Ress'l "  was  produced.  The  other  part  of 
the  programme  was  "  Der  Tugendhof  "  ("  The  Court  of  Virtue  "). 

Oct.  2  Goethe's  "Egmont"  was  produced,  with  the  American 
d6but  of  Karl  Emmerich  and  Adolph  Zimmerman ;  Oct.  8  was  the 
d^but  of  Marie  Eisenhart  as  Lominie  in  "  Wildfeuer,"  by  Frederic 
Halm ;  Oct.  1 1  was  the  first  time  of  "  Der  Probepfeil "  ("  The  Trial 
Shot"),  by  Blumenthal;  "Der  Probekandidat "  ("The  Trial  Can- 
didate"),  by  Max  Dreyer,  was  seen  Oct.  25.     Nov.  5  "Von  Stufe 


Zu  Stufe  "  ("  From  Step  to  Step  **),  by  Hugo  Mueller,  was  given. 
"Das  Vermaechtriss ••  ("The  Legacy"),  Nov.  10;  "Die  Gold- 
gnibe"  ("The  Gold  Mine"),  by  Karl  Lauf  and  Wilhelm  Jacoby, 
was  given  for  the  first  time  in  America  Nov.  14;  "Die  Gypsfigur  " 
was  plaved  Jan.  4,  1901 ;  "Am  Spieltisch  des  Leben"  ("The 
Game  of  Life  "),  by  Klaus  Arsen,  repeated  its  original  success  at 
this  house  Jan.  31 ;  and  "  Als  Ich  Wiederkam  "  Feb  7.  "  Ultimo  *' 
was  also  presented  Feb.  7,  "Der  Letzte  Brief"  ("The  Last 
Letter "),  by  Victorien  Sardou,  was  produced  Feb.  14.  This  play 
is  well  known  in  America  as  "The  Scrap  of  Paper;"  Feb.  18, 
"Der  Goldbauer."  by  Charlotte  Birch-Pfeiflfer,  was  played.  Miss 
Hedwig  Lange  took  a  benefit  Feb.  20  in  "  Fedora; "  Feb.  26  "  Die 
Falscher,"  by  Barriere  and  Capender,  translated  into  German  by 
Heinrich  Laube,  was  seen;  Feb.  28  "Der  Hen*  Im  Hause,"  by 
Paul  LindaUy  had  its  first  presentation. 

On  March  i  "  Hans,"  by  Max  Dreyer,  was  seen  for  the  first  time 
in  America;  Karl  Wagner  first  appeared  in  this  country  as  Hein- 
rich in  "Die  Versunckene  Glocke,"  March  5;  March  12,  for  the 
first  time  in  America,  "  Der  Goldene  Kafig  "  ("  The  Golden  Cage  "), 
by  Felix  Phillippi,  was  played;  March  19  Karl  Wagner  appeared 
in  "Maria  Stuart;"  March  21  the  one  hundred  and  fiftieth  anni- 
versary of  the  birthday  of  Goethe  was  celebrated  with  "Iphigenie 
auf  Tauris,"  Karl  Wagner  as  Orestes,  and  Martha  Schiffel  as 
Iphigenie;  March  22  "Das  Funfte  Rad"("The  Fifth  Wheel"), 
a  very  light  comedy  by  Hugo  Lubliner,  was  seen;  March  28,  "Cor- 
nelius Voss,"  by  Franz  von  Schoenthan;  and  April  3,  "The 
Journalists,"  by  Gustav  Freytag;  Mme.  Schumann  Heink  ap- 
peared April  14,  in  "Das  Verspricken  Hinter'm  Herd;"  April  16 
Fraulein  Leonardi  sang  the  title  rdle  in  Meilhac  and  Millaud's 
comic  opera,  "Mile.  Nitouche."  The  season  closed  April  30  with 
scenes  from  "Maria  Stuart,"  third  act  of  "Die  Ehre,"  third  act  of 
"Dr.  Klaus,"  third  act  of  "Kreig  und  Frieden,"  and  second  act  of 
"  Maedel  als  Rekrut. " 

The  next  season  began  Sept.  29,  with  Heinrich  Conried  as  man- 
ager, and  "Die  Sittliche  Forderung"  ("A  Moral  Demand")  as 
the  opening  play,  in  which  Fraulein  Lange  and  Hen*  Ottbert  ap- 
peared. "Der  Hochzeitstag "  ("The  Wedding  Day"),  by  Herren 
Walters  and  Konigsbrunschaup,  was  produced  March  5.  "  Frauen 
von  Heute  "  ("  Women  of  To-day  "),  by  Benno  Jacobson,  was  seen 
for  the  first  time  in  America,  March  18,  for  the  benefit  of  Herr 
Von  SeyflFcrtitz,  who  appeared  as  Herr  Ottbert;  Fraulein  Merito 
as  his  wife.  "  Faust "  was  given  March  26,  with  Karl  Emmerich 
in  the  title  rdle.  The  second  part  of  "  Faust "  was  acted  March 
29,  when  Ada  Merito  appeared  as  Marguerite.  "Die  Bemehute 
Frau  "  ("  A  Celebrated  Woman  ")  was  given  here  April  8  as  a  sub- 
stitute for  "  The  Battle  of  Froschweiler,"  which  had  been  announced, 

244      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Dsex 


but  had  to  be  abandoned,  owing  to  the  sudden  illness  of  Ada  Merito. 
Helen  Odilon,  a  Viennese  "star,"  made  her  American  d^but  April. 
IS  in  "Lona  Ladinser;"  she  appeared  April  i8  for  the  iSrst  timi 
in  America  as  Camille.     On  April  22  "Die  Zwillingsschwester '"^ 
("  The  Twin  Sister "),  by  Ludwig  Fulda,  was  produced,  with  Otto^z 
Ottbert  as  Orlando  della  Torre.     May  8,  for  her  farewell  and  th< 
last  night  of  the  season,  Madame  Odilon  appeared  in  a  ^curtail 
raiser,"  "A  Modest  Wooing,"  by  Otto  Erich  Hartleber;  Mme. 
Odilon  as  Rita  Revera,  brought  down  the  house  by  singing  "  I  love 
you,  honey,  yes  I  do,"  in  fairly  good  English.     Roberto  Bracco's 
"  Untreu  "  ("  Faithless  ")  followed,  in  which  the  famous  Vienna, 
actress  appeared  in  the  rdle  of  Countess  Sangiorgi. 


ONE  of  P.  T.  Barnum's  little  experiments  was  an  exhibition 
known  as  the  "California  Menagerie,"  which  was  given 
under  canvas  at  the  comer  of  Fourth  Avenue  and  Thirteenth 
Street.  It  was  managed  by  P.  T.  Bamum  and  James  M.  Nixon. 
The  initial  performance  took  place  April  30,  i860.  In  addition 
to  a  collection  of  wild  beasts,  J.  C.  Adams,  styled  "The  California 
Trapper  of  '49,"  exhibited  a  collection  of  trained  wild  animals. 


SITUATED  at  the  southeast  comer  of  Twenty-third  Street  and 
Broadway  was  the  "Fifth  Avenue  Music  Hall."  The  en- 
trance for  gentlemen  was  954  Broadway ;  for  ladies,  948.  It  was 
opened  Dec.  25,  i860.  Its  name  was  changed  to  Union  Music 
Hall  "  Jan.  16,  1867,  and  it  was  opened  with  a  panorama  of 
Bunyan's  "Pilgrim's  Progress."  Griffin  &  Christy's  minstrels 
took  possession  July  29,  1867.  E.  Perceval,  George  Christy,  and 
Otto  Burbank  were  in  the  organization.    They  closed  on  Aug.  la 


A  HALL  known  as  "Eustache's  Theatre"  was  situated  on 
Fourth  Street,  near  First  Avenue.  Miscellaneous  enter- 
tainments were  given  here  during  the  season  of  1860-61.  On 
Feb.  18,  1861,  E.  L.  Malhaban  gave  performances  in  magic,  and 
the  place  was  called  "The  Theatre  Oriental."  It  passed  out 
of  existence  in  a  few  months. 


FOR  something  more  than  twenty  years  the  most  famous  theatre 
in  the  United  States  was  that  of  James  W.  Wallack,  situ- 
ated on  the  northeast  corner  of  Broadway  and  Thirteenth  Street. 




It  was  erected  in  1861.  Thomas  R.  Jackson  was  the  architect.  It 
was  in  this  house  the  name  of  Wallack  won  its  proudest  laurels. 
J.  W.  Wallack  was  its  first  manager,  but  he  never  played  there, 
and  to  all  intents  and  purposes  J.  Lester  Wallack,  with  Theo.  Moss 
in  the  business  department,  was  from  the  first  head  and  front  of 
the  theatre.  In  this  house  there  appeared  at  intervals  Charles 
Fisher,  John  Sefton,  Mark  Smith,  John  Gilbert,  James  William- 
son, J.  W.  Wallack,  Jr.,  E.  L.  Davenport,  Wm.  Holston,  Frederic 
Robinson,  J.  B.  Polk,  J.  H.  Stoddart,  Owen  Marlowe,  George 
Clarke,  Chas.  Mathews,  George  Boniface,  Sen^  Harry  Becket,  E.  M. 
Holland,  Edward  Arnot,  Eben  Plympton,  H.  J.  Montague,  Dion 
Boucicault,  Steele  Mackaye,  Charles  Coghlan,  Charles  Barron, 
Harry  Edwards,  Maurice  H.  Barrymore,  Gerald  Eyre,  Osmond 
Tearle,  William  Elton,  Harry  Pitt,  Fanny  Morant,  Mrs.  John 
Sefton,  Mary  Gannon,  Mrs.  John  Hoey,  lone  Burke,  Mrs.  Clara 
Jennings,  Rose  Eytinge,  Emily  Mestayer,  Effie  Germon,  Mrs. 
Thomas  Barry,  Helen  Tracy,  Katharine  Rogers,  Rose  Coghlan, 
Mme.  Ponisi,  Jeffreys  Lewis,  Ada  Dyas,  Rose  Wood,  Stella  Boni- 
face, Maud  Granger,  Adelaide  Detchon,  and  Mrs.  Vernon  and 
Madeline  Henriques. 

The  company  engaged  consisted  of  Lester  Wallack,  W.  R. 
Blake,  W.  R.  Floyd,  G.  F.  Browne,  Norton,  Reynolds,  Chas. 
Parsloe,  A.  W.  Young,  Charles  Fisher,  Winters,  Hardy,  Willis, 
St.  John,  Charles,  Parkes,  John  Sefton,  Geo.  Holland,  Mrs.  John 
Hoey,  Mrs.  Vernon,  Mrs.  Reeves,  Mrs.  John  Sefton,  Mrs.  Sloan, 
Mary  Gannon,  Fanny  Morant,  Madeline  Henriques,  Viola  Crocker, 
Mary  Miller,  and  Carman.  The  musical  director  was  Robert 
Stocpel,  treasurer,  Theo.   Moss;  scenic  artist,   Mr.   Hillyard. 

The  initial  programme  was  "The  New  President,"  by  Tom 
Taylor,  Sept   25,   1861,  with  this  cast: 

De  La  Rampe  .  .  .  Lester  Wallack 
Grand  Duke  Kleinstadt  Charles  Fisher 
Coant  Wetierhaum  .  .  W.  H.  Norton 
Landgrave  of  Braunsback 

Mr.  Re)iiolds 
Baron  Von  Dampfnoodel  W.  R.  Blake 
General  Kraunsback  Chas.  Parsloe 

Mile.  Von  Gridenheim .  Mrs.  Vernon 
Colombe  .  .  .  Madeline  Henriques 
Mile  (iironnette  .  .  .  Viola  Crocker 
Princess  Wilhelmina  Mary  Miller 

Baronness  V^on  Dampfnoodel 

Mary  Gannon 

Fraulein  Von  Pfeffier   .     Miss  Cannan 

Belcour W.  R.  Floyd 

Vaubellc Mr.  Winters 

Ragoutin Mr.  St.  John 

Griboulard      ....     Geo.  Browne 

Linda Mr.  Hardy 

Toupet       Mr.  Willis 

Col.  Krebs      ....    A.  W.  Young 

Herduk Mr.  Charles 

La  Jaconde     .     .     .     Mrs.  John  Hoey 
Mile.  Roncoulle  Mrs.  Reeves 

Previous  to  the  comedy,  James  VV.  Wallack  addressed  the  audi- 
ence.    This  was  the  last  time  he  ever  appeared  on  any  stage. 
"The  King  of  the  Mountains"  was  produced  here  Oct.  15: 

246      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D861 

Hadji  Stavrus  .  . 
Sophocles  .... 
Capt.  Pericles  .  . 
Christophonos  •  . 
Capt.  Walter  Harris 

{ohn  Joseph  Jerramis 
ierman  Schultz  .    . 

Chas.  Fisher 

A.  W.  Young 

W.  R.  Floyd 

Mr.  Browne 

Lester  Wallack 

W.  R.  Blake 

Mr.  Reynolds 

Miss  Porcupine  . 
Mary  Ann  Melton 

Mrs.  Vernon 
Miss  Henriques 

Dimitri Chas.  Parsloes 

Tambouris Mr.  Parke» 

Vasili Mr.  Hard)r 

Photini Mrs.  Hocjr 

Nov.  21,  "The  Magic  Marriage,"  for  the  first  time  on  any  stage, 
and  the  cast  was : 

Count  Faletti      .    .    .    Mr.  Reynolds 
Signor  Malfridi  ....    Mr.  Fisher 

Foscolo Mr.  Floyd 

The  Chevalier  Monte  Celleni 

Lester  Wallack 

Marchioness  de  Volterra  .     Mrs.  Ho^ 

Barettri Mr.  Paikes 

Belmonte Mr.  Parsloe 

Zillah Fanny  Morant 


The  Scapegoat "  was  given  the  same  evening,  cast  thus : 

Old  Eustace  (first  appearance  here) 

Geo.  Holland 
Master  Frederick  .  .  Master  Reeves 
Molly  Maggs      .     .   Mrs.  John  Sefton 

Charles  Eustace  .     .     .     W.  R.  Floyd 
Ignatius  Polyglot     .    .      W.  R.  Blake 

Robin Mr.  Young 

Harriet Viola  Crocker 

Tom  Taylor's  drama,  "Up  at  the  Hills,"  was  presented  Dec.  19, 
with  this  cast : 

Major  Stonehurst  .  . 
Mrs.  Colonel  McCann . 
Mrs.  Eversleigh  .  .  . 
Captain  Black  .  .  . 
Lieut.  Greenway.     .     . 


Dr.  Macrivet .... 

Chas.  Fisher 
.  Mrs.  Hoey 
Fanny  Morant 
.  Mr.  Norton 
.  Mr.  Floyd 
Mr.  Reynolds 
.  John  Sefton 

Dheva  Singh 
Kate  Neil  . 
Margaret  . 
Monee  .  . 

Geo.  Browne 
.   Mr.  Parkes 
C.  Parsloe 
Viola  Crocker 
.  Mary  Miller 
Madeline  Henriques 
.     .     Miss  Carman 

"  You  Can't  Marry  Your  Grandfather  **  was  seen  for  the  first  time 
in  addition  to  ''  Up  at  the  Hills."     It  had  this  cast : 

Sir  Rose  Bloomly    .     .      W.  R.  Blake 
Algernon  Bloomly    .     .  Wm.  Reynolds 
Emma  Melville  (first  appear- 
ance here)  .     .     .     Mrs.  John  Sloan 

Tom  Small 
Ready    .     . 
Susan  Trim 
Mrs.  Pickle 

Geo.  Holland 
.  Mr.  Young 
Miss  Gannon 
Miss  Carman 

Standard  comedies  were  produced  from  Dec.  30  to  June  9,  1862, 
and  included  "She  Stoops  to  Conquer,"  given  Dec.  30: 

Young  Marlowe  .     .       Lester  Wallack 

Richard Johnston 

Hardcastle Blake 

Aminadab C.  Parsloe,  Jr. 

Mrs.  Hardcastle       .     .      Mrs.  Vernon 
Miss  Hardcastle  ....    Mrs.  Hoey 

Miss  Neville Mrs.  Sloan 

Tony  Lumpkin    .     .     George  Holland 
Diggory A.  W.  Young 

Sir  Charles      ....     Geo.  Browne 

Roger Converse 

Mat  Muggins Burke 

Hastings Wm.  Rejmolds 

Jeremy John  Sefton 

Stingo Parkes 

Ralph Smith 

Tim  Twist Smith 

Dolly Mrs.  Reeves 




John  Brougham's  ''Playing  with  Fire"  was  seen  Dec  3I9  with 
this  cast: 

Dr.  SaTage     .    . 
Herbert     .    .    . 
Mrs.  Dr.  Savage 
Widow  Crabstick 
Perkins     .     .     . 

Lester  Wallack 

W.  H.  Norton 

Mary  Gannon 

Mrs.  Vernon 

Viola  Crocker 

Uncle  Timothy 
Mrs.  Waveriy 
Richard     .    . 
Mary  Ann 

.    .    .    BUke 

W.  R.  Hoyd 

Mrs.  Hoey 

C.  Parsloe  Jr. 
Miss  Carman 

Jan.  I,  1862,  ''The  School  for  Scandal"  was  presented,  with 
Lester  Wallack  as  Charles,  Blake  as  Sir  Peter,  Norton  as  Oliver, 
Chas.  Fisher  as  Joseph,  Geo.  Holland  as  Moses,  Mrs.  Hoey  as 
Lady  Teazle,  Madeline  Henriques  as  Maria,  Mrs.  Sloan  as  Lady 
Sneerwell,  and  Mrs.  Vernon  as  Mrs.  Candour.  On  Jan.  2  "  She 
Stoops  to  Conquer"  was  repeated;  Jan.  6  "London  Assurance" 
played,  with  this  cast: 

Dazzle Reynolds 

Max Norton 

Dolly  Spanker     ....     W.  Floyd 

Lady  Gay Mrs.  Hoey 

Grace Mary  Gannon 

Charles Lester  Wallack 

Sir  Harcourt  ....      Chas.  Fisher 

Cool Young 

Pert Mrs.  John  Sefton 

Meddle Blake 

On  Jan.  7  "Love  for  Love"  was  seen;  Jan.  8,  "The  Road  to 
Ruin;"  Jan.  21,  "A  Cure  for  the  Heartache;"  Jan.  22,  "A  Bold 
Stroke  for  a  Husband;"  Jan.  23,  "The  Honeymoon;"  Jan.  24, 
"A  Cure  for  the  Heartache; "  and  Feb.  5,  "The  Poor  Gentleman," 
with  this  cast: 

Humphrey  Dobbins 
Lieut.  Worthington 
Lttcretia  Mac  Tab 
Frederick     .     .     . 
Corporal  Foss  .     . 

.  .  G.  Holland 
.  .  C.  Fisher 
.  Mrs.  Vernon 
Lester  Wallack 
.     .     .     Moore 


Sir  Robert Blake 

Dr.  OUapod Young 

Sir  Charles Floyd 

Valet Parkes 

Emily Mrs.  Hoey 

Town  and  Country  "  was  given  Feb.  5  with  the  following  cast : 

Cosey Blake 

Capt.  Glcnroy C.  Fisher 

Trot Geo.  Holland 

Taffline Viola  Crocker 

Mrs.  Moreen    ....    Mrs.  Vernon 

Rosalie  Somers       Madeline  Henriaues 

Reuben Lester  Wallack 

Plastic Wm.  Floyd 

Mrs.  Glenroy Mrs.  Hoey 

Mre.  Trot    .     .     .       Mrs.  John  Sefton 

"Speed  the  Plough"  was  played  Feb.  6;  Feb.  12,  "The  Irish 
Heiress;"  Feb.  13,  "The  Wonder;"  Feb.  24.  "Wild  Oats;"  Feb. 
26,  "  The  Belle's  Stratagem  ;  "  and  March  1 7  '*  The  Love  Chase  " 
was  presented  with  this  cast: 

Sir  William  (first  appearance 

here) Mark  Smith 

Wddrake      ....     Uster  Wallack 

Constance Mrs.  Hoey 

Widow  Green   ....  Mary  Gannon 
Lvdia  ....      Madeline  Henriques 

Alice Mrs.  Reeves 

Pboebe Miss  Green 

Amelia Miss  Carman 

Master  Waller C.  Fisher 

Trueworth Reynolds 

Humphries Geo.  Browne 

Neville Parkes 

Lash Parsloe 

George Turner 


"The  Way  to  Get  Married"  was  done  March  20;  March  2^^ 
"The  Jealous  Wife;"  March  31,  the  first  time  here,  ** Old  Heads 
and  Young  Hearts/'  with  this  cast : 

{esse  Rural W.  R.  Blake 
Carl  of  Pompion Moore 

Charles  Roebuck Floyd 

Col.  Rocket Norton 

Lady  Alice Mrs.  Hoey 

Miss  Rocket     .     .    .      Mary  Gannon 

Littleton  Coke C.  Fisher 

Tom  Coke Mark  Smith 

Bob Young 

Stripe Parkes 

Russel Turner 

Countess Mrs.  Vernon 

April  2,  "The  Rivals;"  April  7,  "  Secrets  Worth  Knowing;"  and 
AprU  14,  "Love  and  Money/'  cast  thus: 

Lord  Fipley  ....    Lester  Wallack 
The  MacDunnun  of  Dunnun 

C.  Fisher 

Helen Mrs.  Hoey 

Rose Mary  Gannon 

Mrs.  Fox Mrs.  Vernon 

Matilda Viola  Crocker 

Sally Mrs.  John  Sefton 

Claude Mark  Smith 

Sykes Norton 

Craven  Acton Reynolds 

Withers Young 

William Turner 

Mrs.  Warren     .    .    .      Miss  Carman 

"  The  Lady  of  Lyons  "  was  presented  April  21,  with  Wallack  as 
Claude,  Mark  Smith  as  CoL  Damas,  Fisher  as  Glavis,  and  Mrs.  Hoey 
as  Pauline ;  "  Everyone  Has  His  Fault  **  was  seen  April  28 ;  May  5, 
"  Love  in  a  Maze/'  for  the  benefit  of  Lester  Wallack ;  and  May  19, 
" The  Romance  of  a  Poor  Young  Man"  was  acted  for  the  first  time 
and  with  this  cast : 

Manuel Lester  Wallack 

Dr.  Desmarets  ....  Mark  Smith 

Mang;uerite Mrs.  Hoey 

Mad.  Aubrey     .     .     .     Mary  Gannon 
Mad.  Laroque    ....  Mrs.  Vernon 

Alain Young 

Louise  Van  Berger     Mrs.  John  Sefton 

Mile.  Helouin    .    .     .    Fanny  Morant 

M.  Nouret Browne 

Bevannes Reynolds 

Caspar Chas.  risher 

Yvionett C.  Parsloe 

Christine Fanny  Reeves 

May  24,  "John  Bull"  was  seen,  with  Blake  as  Job  Thornberry; 
May  26,  "  Everybody's  Friend ;  "  June  2,  "  The  Love  Chase  "  was 
given,  with  Smith  as  Sir  William  Fondlove.  Fanny  Morant  took  her 
benefit  June  4,  and  the  season  closed  June  9,  with  a  benefit  to 
Theo.  Moss,  when  "  The  Little  Treasure "  and  "  Rural  Felicity " 
were  acted. 

A  summer  season  opened  June  10,  with  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Wm.  J. 
Florence  as  the  "  stars."  "  Orange  Blossoms  "  was  played  July  2, 
and  cast  thus : 

Septimus  Symmetry 
Isabel  Clarence  .  . 
Clarence   .... 

W.  J.  Florence 

Emma  Skerrett 

Wm.  Davidge 

Violet  Hope  . 
Louisa  Dudley 
Falcon  Hope 

Mrs.  D.  Myron 
Viola  Crocker 
.  J.  L.  Barrett 

"Dombey  and  Son"  was  acted  July  7,  with  Florence  as  Capt.  Cuttle 
and  Mrs.  Florence  as  Susan  Nipper.    The  Florences  had  a  benefit 




July  21 »  when  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Barney  WiUiams  and  Geo.  F.  Browne 
appeared.  ^^  Eily  O'Connor,"  a  burlesque  on  the  '*  Colleen  Bawn/' 
given  Aug.  6,  for  the  first  time  in  America. 

Hardress Viola  Crocker 

Corn|pm J.  Martin 

Ann  Chute     ....  Emma  Skerrett 
Mn.  Cregan  .    .     .     Mrs.  Dan  Mjrron 

Ifjles-na-Coppadeen  .  W.  J.  Florence 
Danny  Mann  .  William  Davidge,  Sr. 
Sergeant  OTooralooral  G.  F.  Browne 
Eily  O'Connor  .  Mrs.  W.  J.  Florence 
Kyrle  Daly J.  L.  Barrett 

The  summer  season  closed  Sept.  6.  Mrs.  John  Sloan  retired  from 
the  stage  about  this  time. 

The  second  regular  season  opened  Sept.  18,  with  the  following 
company :  Mrs.  Hoey,  Mrs.  Vernon,  Fanny  Morant,  Mrs.  Reeves, 
Ifiss  Green,  Miss  Schlemm,  Mary  Gannon,  Madeline  Henriques, 
Mrs.  John  Sefton,  Miss  Carman,  Miss  La  Forrest,  Miss  Gimber, 
Lester  Wallack,  Charles  Fisher,  Mark  Smith,  Yoimg,  W.  Norton, 
Reynolds,  Geo.  Browne,  Parkes,  John  Gilbert,  Geo.  Holland,  Wm. 
Floyd,  John  Sefton,  Moore,  C.  Parsloe,  Jr.,  and  Turner.  The  opening 
play  was  **The  Love  Chase."  Sept.  19,  "London  Assurance"  was 
given ;  Sept.  20, ''  The  Wonder ;"  and  Sept.  22,  for  the  d6but  of 
John  Gilbert,  ''  The  School  for  Scandal,"  in  which  he  played  Sir 
Peter  Teazle ;  Sept.  23,  **  Money  "  was  produced.  The  old  comedies 
were  continued  until  Oct.  20,  when  '*  Bosom  Friends,"  an  adapta- 
tion of  Sardou's  **  Nos  Intimes,"  was  acted  with  this  cast : 

Mr.  Union  .  . 
Mr.  Yielding .  . 
Frederick  Fervid 
Mr.  Borrowwell . 
Capt.  Donoghue 
Theodore  .  .  . 
Mrs.  Meanley    . 

.  Lester  Wallack 
.  .  John  Gilbert 
William  Reynolds 
.  .  John  Sefton 
.  W.  H.  Norton 
.  Miss  F.  Reeves 
.     .  Mrs.  Vernon 

Gimp  .  . 
Dr.  Bland . 
Mr.  Meanley 
Doyley .  . 
Mrs  Union 
Amy     .     . 

.  Mrs.  Reeves 
.   Charles  Fisher 
A.  W.  Young 
.     .    Mr.  Turner 
Mrs.  John  Hoey 
Madeline  Henriques 

"The  Jealous  Wife"  was  played  Nov.  i;  "Speed  the  Plough," 
Nov.  4,  when  Mary  Barrett,  daughter  of  G.  H.  Barrett,  made  her 
d€but  as  Miss  Blandford.  Lester  Wallack's  comedy,  "  Central 
Park,"  was  played  here  Nov.  12,  with  this  cast: 

Wyndham  Otis Wallack 

Mrs.  Kerr  Flamberry  .  Mary  Gannon 
Flora  ....  Madeline  Henriques 
Bridget      ....    Mrs.  John  Sefton 

Dobson Hudson 

Kerr  Flamberry  ....  John  Gilbert 
Myrtle Norton 

Robert Young 

Skeesicks C.  Parsloe,  Jr. 

Mittens Mrs.  Reeves 

G  raffles George  Browne 

Harry Reynolds 

Barley Farkes 

William Turner 

Jan.  5,  1863,  "  Pauline"  was  presented;  Jan.  17  "The  Pro- 
voked Husband,  or  A  Journey  to  London,"  was  given,  with  this 


Lord  Townlcy     .     .     . 
Sir  Francis  Wronghead, 
Lady  Wronghead 
John  Moody  . 
Mr.  Manly.     . 
Squire  Richard 
Count  Basset . 
Poundaee  .    . 
Constalue  .     . 

Chas.  Fisher 

John  Gilbert 

Fanny  Morant 

Geo.  Holland 

Mr.  Reynolds 

Mr.  Vounfij 

.    Wm.  Floyd 

Chas.  Parsloe 

George  Browne 

James  .  .  . 
Williams  .  . 
Lady  Townley 
Miss  Jenny  . 
Lady  Grace  . 
Trusty  .  .  . 
Myrtilla  .  . 
Mrs.  Motherly 

.    .  W.  H. 

.     .   Mr.  T 

Mrs.  John 

Mary  Gs 

Miss  Hem 

Mrs.  John  S 


Miss  Ca 


The  School  for  Scandal "  was  revived  Jan.  27  with  this  cast 

Charles  Surface  .    .    .  Lester  Wallack 
Lady  Sneerwell  .     .    Mrs.  John  Sefton 

Sir  Peter John  Gilbert 

Sir  OUver Mark  Smith 

Sir  Benjamin Reynolds 

Joseph Charles  Fisher 

Lady  Teazle Mrs.  Hoey 

Maria    ....    Madeline  Henriques 
Mrs.  Candour      .     .     .  Fanny  Morant 

Crabtree John  S 

Moses Geo.  He 

Trip M 

Careless 1 

Rowley Bi 

Snake P 

Richard C.  Ps 

William T 

Feb.  10  a  translation  from  the  French  by  E.  G.  P.  Wilkins  c 
"  Henrietta  *'   was  produced.    For   Mrs.  Hoey's   benefit,  Feb 
"  Magic  Marriage,'*     "  Captain  of  the  Watch,"  and   "  Masks 
Faces"  formed  the  bilL     Feb.  21,  "Ernestine"  was  played; 
24,  "Americans  in  Paris;  "  Feb.  27,  "  The  Fine  Old  English  Ge 
man;"  March   2,  "  Faint  Heart  Never  Won  Fair  Lady"  and  " 
Youthful  Queen  "  were  presented.    March  9  "  A  Wonderful  Won 
and    "Blue  and  Cherry"  were  acted;    March   13,  "Spring 
Autumn  "  and  "  Sketches  in  India."     On  April  7  "  My  Noble 
in-Law,"  an  adaptation  from  the   French,  was   given  for  the 
time,  and  with  this  cast : 

Lord  de  Verc  .  .  .  Lester  Wallack 
Hector,  Duke  de  Myran,  Charles  Fisher 
Mr.  Thomas  Tompkins  John  Gilbert 
Mr.  Tony  Wilkins   .     .     .  Mark  Smith 

Lady  Isabella  de  Vere 


Solomons  .... 

A.  W.  Y 
G.  F.  Br 

"Follies  of  a  Night"  was  presented  April  18  for  the  benef 
Theo.  Moss,  also  "  Sweethearts  and  Wives."  "  Lost  and  W 
was  first  seen  here  May  4,  and  had  this  cast: 

Marquis  de  la  Tour  . 
Marsnal  Gaucher  . 
Marquis  Cinq  Mars 

Chas.  Fisher 
.  Mark  Smith 
W.  R.  Floyd 

H^lo'ise  de  la  Tour  .      Mrs.  John 
Duchess  de  Villers  .     .   Fanny  M 
J^rdme W.  H. 

"  The  Stranger  "  was  played  May  9  for  Lester  Wallack 's  bei 
"  The  Wife  "  was  first  seen  here  May  26,  and  cast  thus : 



St.  Pierre  .  .  Lester  Wallack 
rdo  (fODzaga  .  .  Charles  Fisher 
lo  Gonzaga     .     .   W.  H.  Norton 

io John  Gilbert 

EO      .     .     .     .  William  Reynolds 

9 Geor|^e  Holland 

Flurio Mr.  Parkes 

Mr.  Pope 

Advocate Mr.  Browne 

Courier Mr.  Turner 

Cosino Mr.  Charles 

First  Officer Mr.  Halford 

Second  Officer     ....    Mr.  Hamris 

Carlo Mr.  WiUiams 

Marianna Mrs.  Hoejr 

Floribel Miss  Barrett 

le  1 1  ''  Knighta  of  the  Round  Table  "  was  presented,  with  this 

•ittler Wallack 

Cosens C.  Fisher 

nd Floyd 

Livenwertz  Browne 

Mary  Gannon 

I Miss  Henriques 

Mark  Smith 

Sir  Ralph W.  Norton 

Gen.  Grantley     ....  John  Moore 

Baron C.  Parsloe 

Chevalier Parker 

Vernon Turner 

Landlord Pope 

e  season  closed  June  22. 

I  Aug.  6  a  summer  season  opened  under  the  management  of 
.  Moss  with  the  ghost  illusion  brought  to  this  country  several 
before  by  Harry  Watkins,  who  introduced  it  in  "  The  Bride 
Evening  at  Bamum's  Museum.  At  Wallack's  the  title  of 
lay  was  changed  to  "  True  to  the  Last/'  and  was  thus  cast : 

a  Paul  .  . 
tj  Dulaine 
Auderly  . 
Darke  .  . 
enry  Haws 
nUoughby  . 


Mrs.  Harry  Watkins 
.  Harry  Watkins 
Mrs.  John  Sefton 
Mrs,  W.  R.  Floyd 
.     .    H.  F.  Daly 
.    W.  H.  Norton 
.      W.  R.  Floyd 
Geo.  Holland 

Gov.  Sterne  . 
Hugh  Farquier 
Ernest  Stem  . 
Mr.  Harrison  . 
Tom  Turner  . 
Lily  Auderly  . 

.  .  J.  F.  Hagan 
.  .  T.  J.  ifind 
Jas.  Williamson 
Chas.  Parsloe 
Geo.  Browne 
.  .  .  C.  Pope 
.     .       M.  Green 

c  regular  season  of  1863-64  commenced  Sept.  30  with  the  fol- 
g  company:  Lester  Wallack,  John  Gilbert,  Charles  Fisher, 
:  Smith,  Geo.  Holland,  Young,  Wm.  R.  Floyd,  John  Sefton,  H. 
aly,  W.  H.  Norton,  John  Moore,  Geo.  Browne,  J.  C.Williamson, 
!s,  W.  H.  Pope,  Palmo,  Mrs.  John  Hoey,  Mary  Gannon,  Mrs. 
on,  Madeline  Henriques,  Fanny  Morant,  Mrs.  John  Sefton,  lone 
e,  Clara  Jennings,  Misses  M.  Barrett,  Green,  Carman,  and 
)er.  '*  Rosedale,  or  the  Rifle  Ball,"  was  the  opening  bill,  and 
ts  first  performance  on  any  stage.     This  was  the  cast : 

ew  Leigh 
oy  Rob  . 
rr  Green 
ral  Daw 
.Try  Kobb 

Lester  Wallack 

Chas.  Fisher 

.   H.  F.  Daly 

.  John  Sefton 

Fanny  Morant 

Geo.  Browne 

W.  H.  Pope 

John  (filbert 

Geo.  Holland 

Sir  Arthur  May 
Sarah  Sykes  . 
Dicksy  .  .  . 
Robert  .  .  . 
Lady  May  .  . 
Rosa  Leigh  . 
Tabitha  Stork 
Primroe  .  . 
Mother  Mix    . 

Emma  Le  Hmn 

Mrs.  John  Sefton 

.    .      Parkes 

.     .     .  Palmo 

.    Mrs.  Hoey 

Mary  Gannon 

Mrs.  Vernon 

Mary  Barrett 

Miss  Carman 

252      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Li 

It  had  one  hundred   and  twenty-five   performances   during   tfae 

The  author  of  ''  Rosedale  "  was  not  Lester  Wallack,  as  the  play- 
bills always  said.  At  a  dinner  given  in  this  city  in  1890  it  was 
stated  by  Charles  Gayler  that  Fitz  James  O'Brien  (who  was  killed 
in  the  war  of  the  rebellion)  was  paid  jioo  by  Lester  Wallack  to 
write  it.  For  a  quarter  of  a  century  Lester  Wallack  was  credited 
with  the  authorship  of  that  drama.  As  a  matter  of  fact,  neither  of 
these  gentlemen  wrote  it.  It  is  a  close  dramatization  of  the  novel, 
"  Lady  Lee's  Widowhood/'  which  appeared  in  Blackwood's  Maga- 
zine.   Even  the  names  of  the  characters  are  retained. 

"The  Clandestine  Marriage"  was  played  Nov.  17;  Dec.  i  **A 
Bachelor  of  Arts  "  was  seen ;  Dec.  23  "  The  Invisible  Husband " 
had  its  first  presentation  here,  with  this  cast : 

Gil  Perez Geo.  Holland 

Don  Japhet Mark  Smith 

Giralda Mary  Gannon 

Don  Phillip Wallack 

Isabella Fanny  Morant 

Don  Manuel     ....    Chas.  Fisher 
Captain  of  the  Guard     .    .     .    Parkes 

Mrs.  Marie  Wilkins  made  her  American  d6but  Dec.  17,  1863,  as 
the  Widow  Green  in  "  The  Love  Chase."     "  Married  Life "  was 
produced  Dec.  19,  with  the  first  appearance  on  any  stage  of  Clara 
Jennings    as    Mrs.    Lynx.      lone   Burke  appeared  Jan.   6,   1864. 
**  Rosedale  "  was  given  tri-weekly,  the  other  nights  being  set  apart 
for  old  comedies.     On  Feb.  2  the  gross  receipts  of  the  house  were 
given  to  the  Sanitary  Commission.     "  Pure  Gold  "  was  acted  for  the 
first  time  in  America  on  Feb.  9.     **  Rosedale "  received  its  one- 
hundredth  representation  March  11.    J.  C.  Williamson  (now  a  man-   > 
ager  in  Australia)  joined  the  company  in  February,  and  was  here  ^ 
continuously  until  1871,  when  he  went  to  San  Francisco  and  married^ 
there  charming  Maggie  Moore,  with  whom,  as  an  artistic  as  well  zs^ 
a  domestic  partner,  he  quickly  found  wide  fame  and  substantiaEIj 

Jane  Coombs  made  her  debut  here  as  leading  lady  (Mrs.  Joh^B 
Hoey  having  retired)  April  27,  as  Lady  Teazle  in  **  The  Schoc^ 
for  Scandal;"  April  29  she  played  Lady  Gay  Spanker  in  "  Londo""^ 
Assurance,"  and,  April  30,  Mrs.  Haller  in  "  The  Stranger."  Th.  -^ 
features  of  her  acting  were  ease,  grace,  and  refinement ;  a  cleaKT, 
distinct,  and  judicious  enunciation,  and  an  accurate  appreciation  0/ 
character.  The  season  closed  June  3,  but  the  house  was  opened  foir 
a  summer  term  July  5  with  Fillmore's  play,  "  The  Winning  Suit,*"" 
produced  for  the  first  time  in  America,  and  thus  cast : 


Don  Pedro Chas.  Fisher 

Josef Geo.  Holland 

Don  Alphonso  .     .     .      W.  H.  Norton 

Sebastian H.  F.  Daly 

Hostess  ....      Mrs.  John  Sefton 

Count  Roderic      .      A.  H.  Davenport 
Villa  Nober     .    .    .  J.  C.  Williamson 

Orelia Avonia  Jones 

Francesco lone  Burke 



lie  first  appearance  in  this  theatre  of  Avonia  Jones  and 

1  season  commenced  Sept.  19,  with  the  following  com- 
terWallack,  Mark  Smith,  John  Gilbert,  John  Sefton,G.  F. 
;eorge  Holland,  Wm.  R.  Floyd,  J.  E.  Whiting,  J.  C.  Will- 
.  W.  Young,  W.  Parkes,  Charles  Fisher,  J.  S.  Wright, 
!ntyre,  James  McGee,  Wayne,  Mrs.  John  S^ton,  Mrs. 
nings,  Mrs.  W.  R.  Floyd,  Mrs.  Maurice,  Mary  Gannon, 
Henriques,  Fanny  Morant,  lone  Burke,  Mary  Barrett, 
u  Maurice,  and  Green.  Boucicault's  comedy,  '^  The  Fox 
IS  the  first  production,  and  had  this  cast : 

Mrs.  Reckless      .  Madeline  Henriqaes 
Athenia  Verdlta   .    .       Fanny  Morant 

Call  Boy G.  Browne 

Face J.  C.  Williamson 

Drydcn W.  H.  Pope 

Brown James  McGee 

Miss  Peawit     ....  Mrs.  Maurice 




Lester  Wallack 
Chas.  Fisher 
John  Gilbert 
Mark  Smith 

.  A.  W.  Young 
John  Sefton 

.    C.  W.  Parkes 

.  Mary  Gannon 

nedy  had  been  originally  produced  at  Burton's  Chambers 
atre,  but  was  rewritten  for  this  house.  ''  Look  Before  You 
s  given  Sept.  28,  with  this  cast : 


don  . 
Iman  . 

John  Gilbert 
.  Charles  Fisher 
.  A.  W.  Young 
.  W.  R.  Floyd 
.  J.  E.  Whiting 
.   Mary  Gannon 

Clara  Oddin^on,  Madeline  Henri(^ues 
Elenor  Mortimer      .    .Mrs.  Jennings 

Richard W.  H.  Pope 

Miss  Brown  ....  Mrs.  Vernon 
Mary  Oddington .  .  .  .Mrs.  Floyd 
Mrs.  Noggs     ....    Miss  Carman 

IS  the  first  appearance  of  J.  E.  Whiting,  Mclntyre,  and 
"  She  Stoops  to  Conquer  "  was  next  done,  with  Geo.  Hol- 
my  Lumpkin  and  Mary  Gannon  as  Miss  Hardcastle.  Oct. 
f "  was  seen ;  Oct.  5  "  Follies  of  a  Night "  and  "  My 
id  "  made  up  the  bill.    The  farce  had  this  cast : 

Sr.  .  . 
Pottles  . 

Mark  Smith 
Geo.  Holland 
A.  W.  Young 

Master  Sprouts 
Barbara  Perkins  . 
Lucinda  Whiffleton 

J.  C.  Williamson 
.  .  lone  Burke 
.     Mary  Barrett 

Before  You  Leap  "  was  repeated  Oct  6;  Oct.  11,  "  She 
Conquer;"  Oct.  12,  "  Money;"  Oct.  13,  *'The  Compact," 
St  time,  and  cast  thus : 

Pepe J^^^  Sefton 

Marquis  de  Luna  .     .     .    CTeo.  Browne 

Pcquillo J.  C.  Williamson 

Donna  Isabella  .  .  Kanny  Morant 
Margarita  .  .  .  Mrs.  W.  R.  Floyd 
Capuin  Perez  .  .  .  .  W.  H.  Pope 
Jacinta Mary  Gannon 

OS  ... 
rl  Velasco, 


Lester  Wallack 

Charles  Fisher 

John  Gilbert 

George  Holland 

A.  W.  Young 

.    W.  R.  Floyd 

.  J.  E.  Whiting 

John  Moore 

254      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [iHs 

Oct.  24,  29,  and  Nov.  3  "The  Busybody"  was  played;  Oct. 
25  and  28,  "The  Compact;"  Oct.  26,  "Follies  of  a  Night"  and 
"  My  Wife's  Maid  ;"  Oct.  27,  "  Look  Before  You  Leap  ;"  Oct  31, 
"Rosedalc  ; "  Nov.  i,  "  Wonder,  a  Woman  Keeps  a  Secret ; "  Nov.  5, 
"Americans  in  Paris  "  and  "  My  Wife's  Maid  ; "  Nov.  16.  "  The  School 
of  Reform,"  with  Gilbert  as  Gen.  Tarragon,  Chas.  Fisher  as  Fer- 
ment, Mark  Smith  as  Robert  Tyke,  Mary  Gannon  as  Mrs.  Ferment, 
Mrs.  Vernon  as  Mrs.  Nicely,  Mrs.  Jennings  as  Julia,  and  lone  Burke 
as  Shelah.  Nov.  28  "  To  Marry  or  Not  to  Marry "  was  given ; 
Dec.  7,  "  Masks  and  Faces,"  with  Chas.  Fisher  as  Triplet,  Madeline 
Henriques  as  Peg  Woffington,  and  Mrs  Jennings  as  Mabel  Vane. 
"  Rural  Felicity  "  and  "  To  Marry  or  Not  to  Marry  "  were  seen  Dec. 
13.  Boucicault's  "  How  She  Loves  Him  "  was  acted  here  for  the 
first  time  Dec.  12,  and  with  this  cast : 

Vacil  .  .  . 
Dick  Heartly  . 
Capt.  Yawley  . 
Dioeeoes  .  . 
Dr.  minimum 
Dr.  Zkwertz 
Sir  Richard  English 

Lester  Wallack 

Chas.  Fisher 

.    W.  R.  Floyd 

W.  H.  Norton 

John  Sefton 

John  Moore 

John  Gilbert 

Sir  Jericho  Maximum  .  Geo.  Browne 
Atalanta  Cruiser  .  .  .  Manr  Gannoo 
Mrs.  Vacil .  .  .  Madeline  Henriques 
Lady  Selina  Raffleticket,  Fanny  Mofant 
Dr.  Sparks  ....  J.  C.  Wmiamtoo 
Handicap W.  H.  Fope 

**  Married  Life  "  was  played  Dec.  24.  James  W.  Wallack  died  id 
this  city  Dec.  25,  1864. 

The  theatre  was  closed  until  Dec.  28,  when  it  was  reopened  with 
Lester  Wallack  as  manager,  John  Gilbert  as  stage  manager,  J.  S 
Wright,  prompter.  "  The  Wife's  Secret "  was  acted,  with  John 
Gilbert  as  Jabcz  Sneed,  Charles  Fisher  as  Sir  Walter  Amyot,  Fanny 
Morant  as  Launcelot,  Madeline  Henriques  as  Lady  Amyot,  and  lone 
Burke  as  Maud.  **•  The  Clandestine  Marriage  "  was  seen  Dec.  30, 
with  Gilbert  as  Lord  Ogleby. 

Lester  Wallack  made  his  first  public  appearance  since  the  death 
of  his  father,  Jan.  3,  1865,  acting  Alfred  Evelyn  in  "  Money,"  with 
Madeline  Henriques  as  Clara  Douglas. 

Edmund  Falconer's  "  Men  of  the  Day  "  was  produced  here  Jin. 
23,  with  this  cast : 

Dr.  Playfair      ....     Mark  Smith 

James Gea  HoQand 

Everard  Digby  .  .  .  J.  E.  Whitinc 
Augustus  ....  Nidiol  Mclntjft 
Euphemia Mary  Banvtt 

Frank  Hawthorn  .  .  Charles  Fisher 
Sir  Lionel  Norman  .  W.  H.  Norton 
Robin  Wildbriar  ...  A.  W.  Young 
Jenny  Wildbriar  .  .  Marv  Gannon 
Lucy  Vavasour  .  Madeline  Henriques 
Mrs.  Wildbriar      .       Mrs.  John  Sefton 

It  had  been  played  at  Wallack's  Broadway  and  Broome  Street 
Theatre,  May  6,  1859.  Charles  Walcot  took  a  farewell  prior  to  his 
European  tour,  Feb.  i,  and  played  Major  Wellington  De  Boots  in 
"  Everybody's  Friend."  "The  Game  of  Life"  was  seen  Feb.  17; 
"Still   Waters    Run    Deep"  was  given  Feb.  21  for  the  benefit  of 




Cbas«  Fisher,  when  be  acted  John  Mildmay,  and  Mr.  Graham 
appeared  here  for  the  first  time  as  Langford.  Miss  Henriques 
acted  Julia  in  "  The  Hunchback/'  Feb.  24,  for  her  benefit.  John 
Gilbert  was  the  Master  Walter,  and  Charles  Fisher  Sir  Thomas 
CUfibrd.  ^*  The  Ticket  of  Leave  Man  "  was  presented  here  Feb.  27 
with  this  cast : 

Bob  Brieriy 
Hawkshaw  . 
Green  Jones 
Melter  Moss 

iames  Dalton   .    . 
Ir.  Gibson      .     . 

Sam  WUlooghby       Mrs.  W.  R.  Floyd 
Emily  St.  Evremond .       Mary  Gannon 

Charles  Fisher 

A.  W.  Young 

W.  R.  Floyd 

Geo.  Holland 

W.  H.  Norton 


May  Edwards  .       Madeline  Henriques 
Mrs.  Willoughby       .  Mrs.  John  Setton 

Maltby Browne 

Burton Graham 

Sharpe W.  H.  Pope 

Joe Mr.  Ward 

Henry Mr.  Quigley 

Spriggins Mr.  Caslin 

"  The  Man  of  Many  Friends  *'  was  first  seen  here  March  7  for  the 
benefit  of  Fanny  Morant.  "  An  Unequal  Match "  was  played 
March  14  for  Mrs.  John  Sefton's  benefit,  and  bad  this  cast: 

Mrs.  Montressor  .  .  Fannv  Morant 
Herr  Dummkoff  .  .  J.  C.  Williamson 
Grazbrook Mark  Smith 




Madeline  Henriques 

.     .    W.  R.  Floyd 

Mrs.  John  Sefton 

The  assassination  of  President  Abraham  Lincoln  occurred  April 
14.  At  a  meeting  of  the  managers  of  the  New  York  theatres,  the 
following  day,  it  was  decided  to  close  all  places  of  amusement  until 
Wednesday,  April  26.  This  house  reopened  with  "  Bosom  Friends." 
William  Holston  made  his  first  appearance  here  May  3  in  **  The 
Black  Sheep,"  which  had  this  cast : 

Lady  Barbican 
Tom  Shorter 
Smithers      .     < 

Fanny  Morant 

.  A.  W.  Young 

J.  C.  Williamson 

Bunny Holston 

Herbert Whiting 

Ethel Madeline  Henriaues 

Mrs.  Todhonter    .      Mrs.  John  Sefton 

"  A  Prisoner  of  War  "  was  acted  April  28.  Lester  Wallack  made 
bis  first  appearance  in  four  months  March  9,  and  acted  Don  Felix 
in  "The  Wonder;"  March  10  "How  She  Loves  Him*'  was  seen; 
March  11,  "She  Stoops  to  Conquer;"  March  15,  "To  Marry  or 
Not  to  Marry,"  Lester  Wallack  as  Sir  Oswin ;  March  23,  "  Central 
Park."  "To  Marry  or  Not  to  Marry"  was  repeated  March  24; 
March  26,  "Love  and  Money;"  March  29,  '*How  She  Loves 
Him;"  March  31,  "Heir at  Law;  "  June  i,  "The  Game  of  Life;" 
June  2,  "  Leap  Year  ; "  June  6,  "  Everyone  Has  His  Fault ; "  June  7, 
"  Still  Waters  Run  Deep ;  "  June  8,  "  The  Poor  Gentleman  ; "  June 
9,  "  The  Irish  Heiress."  The  season  closed  June  10  with  "  All  that 
Glitters  is  Not  Gold,"  and  the  farce,  "  High  Life  Below  Stairs." 

A  summer  season  was  opened  June  12  by  the  Wallack-Davenport 
combination,  consisting  of  J.  W.  Wallack,  Jr. ;  E.  L.  Davenport,  and 
Rose  Eylinge.     The  company  was :  Joseph  Whiting,  W.  C.  Forbes. 

256      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D»5 

Chas.  Warwick,  Geo.  Holland,  Stanton,  Geo.  Browne,  James  William- 
son, Graham,  Maxwell,  Pope,  Ward,  Quigley,  Benscboten,  Mrs.  John 
Sefton,  Mrs.  W.  R.  Floyd,  Mrs.  Maurice,  and  Miss  Green.  They 
opened  in  "The  Iron  Mask,"  played  for  two  weeks,  followed  June  26 
by  "  Oliver  Twist,"  with  Wallack  as  Fagan,  Davenport  as  Bill  Sikes, 
lone  Burke  as  Oliver,  and  Rose  Eytinge  as  Nancy  Sikes.  This 
combination  appeared  July  15,  and  Dan  Bryant  commenced  July 
17 in  "  Handy  Andy  "  and  "The  Irish  Emigrant."  Charles  Fisher 
and  Clara  Jennings  now  reappeared.  "The  Colleen  Bawn"  was 
produced  July  29,  when  Mrs.  M.  A.  Farren  and  John  Nunan  were 
added  to  the  company.  "  Shamus  O'Brien  "  was  announced  to  be 
acted,  but  the  success  of  the  "  Colleen  Bawn "  prevented  it  from 
being  produced.    The  season  closed  Aug.  26. 

The  fifth  regular  season  opened  Sept.  21,  1865.  John  Gilbert 
continued  as  stage  director.  The  initial  performance  was  Tom 
Taylor's  drama,  "  The  Serf,"  which  had  this  cast : 

Ivan £.  L.  Davenport 

Khor John  GUbert 

Steinhardt  ....  George  Holland 
Count  Fedor  Karaloff,  W.  H.  Norton 
Prince  Vladimir  Khovalenski 

J.  C.  Williamson 

Mistigris  ....  Charles  Fisher 
Countess  De  Mauleon,  Miss  Henriques 
Princess  Bariatinski  .     .    Mary  Barrett 

Jatchka G.  F.  Browne 

Osif W.  H.  Pope 

Acoulini lone  Bone 

This  drama  was  not  first  played  in  America  on  this  occasion,  as 
announced  on  the  bills,  but  was  acted  some  days  before  at  Philadel- 
phia by  Edwin  Adams.    The  company  consisted  of  Lester  Wallack, 
John  Gilbert,  Mark  Smith,  Young,  B.  T.  Ringgold,  W.  Norton,  Geo. 
Browne,  W.  H.   Pope,  Ward,   Mary  Gannon,   Mrs.  Vernon,  lone 
Burke,  Mrs.  John  Sefton,  Miss  Green,  Kate  Bartlett,  Miss  St.  Clare, 
Miss  Day,  E.  L.  Davenport,  Chas.  Fisher,  W.  Holston,  Geo.  Holland,  ^ 
John  Sefton,  J.  S.  Wright,  J.  C.  Williamson,  Graham,  Eugene,  Made — 
line  Henriques,  Fanny  Morant,  Clara  Jennings,  Mary  Barrett,  Miss^ 
Carman,  Mrs.  Timony,  Miss  Vale,  Miss  Edwards.      Stage  director^: 
John  Gilbert ;  prompter,  J.  S.  Wright ;    musical  director,  EdwanE 
Mollenhauer.    '*  The  Double  Gallant,"  by  Colley  Cibber  was  actec=: 
for  the  first  time  in  America  Sept.  2  9: 

Atall  .... 
Careless  .  •  . 
Clerimont  .  . 
Saunter  .  .  . 
Capt.  Strutt .  . 
Sir  Harry  Atall 
Finder  .  .  . 
Supple  .  .  . 
Dr.  Bolus  .  . 
Sir  Solomon  Sadlife 
Old  Mr.  Wilford   . 

£.  L.  Davenport 

Charles  Fisher 

B.  T.  Ringgold 

.     John  Sefton 

W.  H.  Norton 

G.  F.  Browne 

J.  C.  Williamson 

.     W.  H.  Pope 

.     Mr.  Graham 

.     John  Gilbert 

George  Holland 

Sir  Squabble  Splithour 
Maid  to  Clarinda 

Lady  Dainty 
Wish  well 
Lady  Sadlife 

Mr.  Wrigh-« 
Kate  Bardet-^ 
.     .   Mr.  Warci 
Miss  Henrique^ 
.    Miss  MoranC 

Miss  Burke 

Mrs.  John  Sefton 

Clara  Jennings 

Miss  Green 
.  Miss  St.  Qare 



m't  Crime''  was  presented  Oct.  g,  with  this  cast : 

Charies  Fisher 
.  W.  Hobton 

B.  T.  Ringgold 
W.  H. l^on 

Daniel ).  C.  WilUsniioa 

Miriam Miss  Henrimies 

Mfi.  Rafaj  •    •    •     Mis.  John  Sttton 

and  Comedian"  was  given  the  same  night, and  tfios  cast: 

I Marie  Smith 

3t A.  W.  Yoong 

camp  •  .  •  •  W.  H.  Pope 
k  the  Great  .  .  John  Gilbert 
IrMrwasier  .     W.  H.  Norton 

Capt  Niddermaoncriteiiidiiisaiif- 

choningen     .    .    •   B«  T.  Ringnld 
Comtess  Plotien  •  Mis*  Tenntngs 

Krentsner Mr*  iVard 

Camilla looeBurfce 

Q  Waters  Run  Deep"  was  seen  Oct  i(S»  with  E.  L.  Daven- 
I  Capt  Hawksley,  Charies  Fisher  as  John  Mildmay,  Mark 
u  Potter*  Williamson  as  Gimlet,  Bfiss  Henriqoes  as  Mrs. 
ly,  and  Fanny  Morant  as  Mrs.  Stemhold.  On  the  same 
g  Mr.  Holston  appeared  as  Sprigrins  in  "Ici  on  Fiarle 
AS."  Craven's  comedy  of  ''  The  Ne^ul "  had  its  first  Amer- 
presentation  Oct.  26^  with  this  cast : 

n  Store 
ek  .    . 

Mark  Smith 
George  Holland 
.  A.  W.  Young 

EmestOtway.    • 
Capt  Feargns  Daly 
Eittign  McHanghty 
Yellowchaae    •    • 
Kate  Harley    .    • 
Mra*  Meek 
AnnaMc^     •    • 

J.C  WilHamsoa 
£•  L.  Davenport 
B.T.  Ringed 
•  W.  H.  NoftDB 
.  MaryGanoom 
Mfi.  Venoa 
.    •  looe  Burke 

criplie      .    .    .      John  Sefton 

Mlas  F.  Green 

McHaughty .      Chura  Jennings 
ibitha  Store    Mra.  John  Sefton 

le  Needful  '*  was  acted  until  Nov.  1 1»  when  Mr.  Davenport 
ed  as  Sir  Giles  Overreach  in  ''  A  New  Way  to  Pay  OM 
"  His  engagement  closed  Nov.  33,  and  ifov.  2%  J.  W. 
:k,  Jr.,  appeared  for  the  first  time  this  season,  as  Job  Armroyd 
ost  in  London/'  which  had  this  cast : 

BTOjd  .  James  W.  Wallack,  Jr. 
Featherstone,  Charies  Fisher 
derick  Loader,  Charles  Roberts 
in  Blinlcer  .  .  A.  W.  Young 
N^^bones  .  .  J.  C  Williamson 
jmroyd  .  .  Miss  Henriqnes 
raggletborpe .    .     Miss  Morant 

leric  Robinson  made  his  American  dibut  Dec.  I3  as  Sir 

rd  Harleigh  in  "  Dreams  of  Delusions,"  and  Francis  Fron- 

in  ''  A  Wonderful  Woman."    The  cast  of  "^  Dreams  of  De- 

Florence    .    . 
Signori  Simoodi 

TO|M)S     .     .     . 

Dick  Raine     . 
Noidi  Moorhead 
Thomas      .    . 

Mary  Barrett 

Fanny  Greea 

G.  F.  Browne 

Mr.  GraluuB 
.    Mr.  Ward 

W.  H.  Pope 



nard  Harleieh  .  F.  Robinson 
Iota  .  .  Madeline  Henriques 
rthar  ...  B.  T.  Ringgold 
er W.  Norton 

-  II.— 17 

Bobby J.  C.  Wniiamson 

Dr.  Fongent    ....     John  Gilbert 
Amabel lone  Burke 

258      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       £M$ 

"  Secrets  Worth  Knowing "  was  given  Dec.  26,  with 
Robinson  as  Rostrum.  Jan.  4,  1866, ''  A  Poor  Gentleman " 
seen ;  ''  Henry  Dunbar/'  a  dramatization  of  Miss  Braddon's  novel 
by  Tom  Taylor,  was  first  acted  in  this  country  Jan.  lo,  and  had  this 

Henrv  Dunbar 
The  Major 
Henry  Carter  . 
Jerrams .    .    . 
Arthur  Lovell 
Balderly      .    . 

J.  W.  Wallack 
Chas.  Fisher 
A.  W.  Young 
Geo.  Holland 

W.  H.  Norton 
G.  F.  Browne 

Cement  Austin  .  .  B.  T.  Rm^sold 
Margaret  Wentworth,  Miss  Hennqoes 
Hartogg  ....  J.  C.  WflfiamtOB 
Mary  Tighty  •  .  .  •  Mary  Gaimoa 
Laura  Dunlxur     ....  lone  BiKkt 

Jas.  M.  Wehliy  the  pianist,  Mme.  Fleury  Urban,  R.  Hoffman,  and 
S.  C.  Campbell  gave  mating  concerts  here  Jan.  17,  20,  and  24, 
''The  Rivals"  was  presented  Jan.  24.  Jas.  Wehli  and  Mme. 
Agosta  gave  a  mating  concert  Jan.  31.  Feb.  6  **  The  King  of 
the  Commons  "  was  acted  for  the  first  time  in  this  house,  and  witk 
this  cast : 

King  James 
Mungo  Small 
Malcohn     .    . 
George  Weir 

J.  W.  WaUack 

A.  W.  Youne 

B.  T.  Ringgold 

Charles  Fisher 

Madeline    .    •    •  Madeline  Henriqsei 

Lord  Seton W.  Norin 

Sir  Adam John  Gilbert 

Said  Small      ....       MarkSaidi 

''The  Iron  Mask"  was  done  Feb.  13  for  the  benefit  of  J.W. 
Wallack.  Robertson's  comedy, ''  Society/'  was  acted  Feb.  22  far 
the  first  time  in  America,  and  had  this  cast : 

Tom  Styles  .  . 
John  Chodd,  Jr.  . 
O'SuUivan  .  . 
Moses  Aaron  .  . 
Mac  Usquebagh  . 
Sidney  Darj^l  .  . 
Lord  Ftarmigant . 
John  Chodd,  Sr.  . 

.  Charles  Fisher 
.  .  W.  HoUton 
.  W.  H.  Norton 
.  .  G.  F.  Browne 
.  .  W.  H.  Pope 
Frederic  Robinson 
.  .  Mark  Smith 
.    .    Geo.  Holland 

The  Swiffel  Lamb  . 
Maud  Hetherington, 
Ladv  Ptarmigant 
Little  Maud  .  .  . 
Mrs.  Churton .  •  . 
Dr.  Makores  .  .  . 

J.  C.  WnfiaaMB 
Miss  Henriqoet 
Mrs.  Venoi 
.  Mrs.  TisMSf 
.  .  Mr.Wni 
.  James  McGee 

Several  members  of  the  company  took  benefits  as  follows :  John 
Gilbert's  was  Feb.  26,  when  "The  Clandestine  Marriage**  wis 
given  with  this  cast: 

Lord  Ogleby J.  Gilbert 

Canton John  Sefton 

Lovewell C.  Fisher 

Sterling Mark  Smith 

Sir  John  MelviUe  B.  T.  Ringgold 

Mrs.  Heidelberg      .     .     Mis.  Venot 
Miss  Sterling  .     .     .     Miss  Henri^ 

Fanny Oarajeiifliap 

Betty lone  Barb 

Mary  Gannon's  benefit  took  place  Feb.  28,  when  **  Romance  and 

Reality  "  was  given  with  this  cast : 

Asper  Manley 
Tom  Badger   . 
Oliver    .     .     . 
Rosabella   . 

John  Gilbert 
.  A.  W.  Young 
.  W.  H.  Norton 
.  Mary  Gannon 
Miss  Henriques 

Frank F.  RobinM 

Jack Charles  Fisbcr 

Lavender    ....      B.  T.  RingfoU 

Barbara Mrs.  Venoa 

Betty MissOaA 




March  2  was  Mark  Smith's  benefit  night,  when  **  The  Old  English 
Gentleman  "  and  ''  Americans  in  Paris  "  were  seen.  Frederic  Rob- 
inson offered  ''  The  Rent  Day  "  March  6,  with  this  cast : 

Toby      .    . 
H3rs8op  .    . 
Rachel  .    . 
Old  Crumbs 

B.  T.  Ringgold 

.     .  W.  Norton 

}.  C.  Williamson 

.   M.  Henriques 

John  Gilbert 

Martin  He3rwood      .    .  F.  Robinson 

Silver  Jack      ....  Chas.  Fisher 

Bullfrc^ A.  W.  Young 

Polly Mary  Gannon 

For  her  benefit,  March  8,  Madeline  Henriques  presented  **  An 
Unequal  Match  "  in  which  she  acted  Hester  Grazebrook.  Fanny 
Morant  gave  "Married  Life"  and  "The  Eton  Boy"  March 
12 ;  Charles  Fisher  acted  Tom  Tittler  in  "  Knights  of  the  Round 
Table "  March  14  for  his  benefit ;  and  "  The  Serious  Family "  was 
played  March  19  for  Mr.  Young's  benefit,  with  this  cast : 

Aminadab  Sleek  .     .    .    A.  W.  Youne 

Charies B.  T.  Rin^old 

Capt  Murphy  Maguire,      F.  Robinson 
Mrs.  Ormsby  Dalmaine,   Mary  Gannon 

Mrs.  Charles  Torrens,      M.  Henriques 
Emma  Torrens    .     .     ..   Mary  Barrett 

Frank }.  C.  Williamson 

Lady  Creamly      .    .     .     Mrs.  Vernon 

^  The  Laughing  Hyena  "  was  also  given.  For  the  benefit  of  Clara 
Jennings  •*  Second  Love "  and  "  High  Life  Below  Stairs "  were 
produced  March  21.  "Paul  Pry"  and  "Deaf  as  a  Post"  for 
George  Holland's,  March  23,  and  March  26  Mrs.  John  Sefton  pro- 
duced "  Dombey  and  Son  "  with  this  cast : 

I>ombcy      . 
Capt  Cattle 


er   .    • 
Walter  Gay 
Susan  Nipper 

Chas.  Fisher 

Mark  Smith 

.  W.  Holston 

W.  H.  Norton 

John  Sefton 

B.  T.  Ringgold 

J.  C.  Williamson 

Mrs.  John  Sefton 

Flowers Miss  Clarke 

Bob Graham 

Sol  GUIs W.H.Pope 

Brozley Ward 

The  Native Cashin 

Mrs.  Skewton      .     .     .     Mrs.  Vernon 

Edith Fanny  Morant 

Florence Miss  Barrett 

For  his  benefit,  March  28,  W.  Norton  offered  "John  Bull."  For 
Mrs.  Vernon's  benefit ''  Single  Life  "  was  produced  March  31,  with 
this  cast: 

.  John  Gilbert 
J.  C.  Williamson 

.   Mary  Gannon 

Mrs.  Vernon 

Mrs.  John  Sefton 

John  Niggle 
Peter  Pinkey 
Narcissus   . 
Sarah  Snare 
Jessy      .     . 

Mark  Smith 
.  A.  W.  Young 
B.  T.  Ringgold 
>  Fanny  Morant 
.  Clara  Jennings 

I>avid  Damper 
Charies  .  .  . 
^  Skylark  . 
^UnaL  Macaw  . 
Cttoline  Coy  . 

"Ladies  at  Home"  was  also  acted.  For  lone  Burke's  benefit 
"The  Wife's  Secret"  was  revealed;  W.  Holston,  for  his  appeal, 
presented  "The  Porter's  Knot,"  never  before  acted  here,  and  the 
nrce, ''  Boots  at  the  Swan."    The  cast  of  the  first  piece  was : 

Samson  Burr  ....      W.  Holston 
Oakhum Geo.  Holland 

Stephen  Scatter  .  .  .  Chas.  Fisher 
Saoothly  Smirk  .  .  .  A.  W.  Younfi^ 
Aogusttts  ....  B.  T.  Ringgold 
Urs.  Burr Mrs.  Vernon 


Clara  Jennings 

26o      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Om 

April  9  Lester  Wallack  made  his  first  appearance  in  twelve 
months  in  "  She  Stoops  to  Conquer/'  which  had  this  cast: 

Yoang  Marlowe 
Hardcastle .  . 
Charies  Marlowe 
Tony  Lumpkin 
Diggory .  .  . 
Hastings  .  • 
Jeremy    .    .     . 

Lester  Wallack 

John  Gilbert 

Geo.  Browne 

.    Geo.  Holland 

.    A.  W.  Young 

B.  T.  Ringgold 

J.  C.  Williamson 

Stingo    .     .     . 
Roger     .     .     . 
Tim  Twist 
Miss  Hardcastle 
Miss  Neville    . 
Mrs.  Hardcastle 

W.  H.  Pope 

.     .  Graham 

.     .    -Waid 

Manr  Ganiioa 

M.  Henriqoes 

Mrs.  Vernon 

^^Mii*  The  Wonder  '*  was  given  April  1 1 ;   "  How  She  Loves  Him " 

^^ifftfeh  12;   and  April  16,  "Don  Caesar  de  Bazan/'  when   Linda 

Windell,  danseuse,  with  Louise  Carman,  appeared  in  a  pas  de  deux, 

A  matinee  performance  of  '*  Norma/'  in  Italian,  was  sung  April  21 

for  the  benefit  of  Sig.  Massimilliani.     It  had  this  cast: 

Norma  . 

Miss  McCulloufh  I  Pollione 
.    .  Mile.  Stella  ■  Oroveso 


.  Sig.  BeOin 

Chas.  Readers  '*  It 's  Never  Too  Late  to  Mend  "  had  its  first  per- 
formance in  America  May  7,  ai^d  with  this  cast : 

George  Fielding  .  .  .  F.  Robinson 
Thomas  Robinson  .  •  Chas.  Fisher 
William  Fielding  .  J.  C.  Williamson 
Little  Savage  .  .  Master  McCormick 
Susan  Merton  .  .  Miss  Henriques 
Mr.  Meadows      .     .     .       Mark  Smith 

Josephs Mary  Barrett 
ilvans Mr.  Graham 

Terry Mr.  Leonard 

Black  Bill Mr.  Barnes 

Ralph Mr.WOioi 

Sarah Miss  Barrett 

Jackey A.  W.  Yom« 

Peter  Crawley  ...  W.  Hoistoii 
Mr.  Eden  ....  B.  T.  Rinmld 
Gable  Girton  ....  Mr.  WilkinfOtt 

Mr.  Merton Mr.  Pope 

Hitchen Mr.  Ward 

Josh Mr.  CashiB 

Isaac  Levi John  Gilbot 

The  first  version  of  "  It's  Never  Too  Late  to  Mend,"  by  Chari« 
Reade,  was  played  at  Drury  Lane  Theatre,  London,  under  the  titk 
of  "Gold,"  on  Jan.  10,  1853.    The  cast  was: 

Geo.  Sandford 
William  Sandford 
Henry  Winchester 
Isaac  Levi  .     .    . 

Mr.  Davenport 
.  .  Moorhouse 
.  .  .  Huehes 
Edward  Stirling 

Tom  Robinson 
Crawley  .  . 
Susan  Merton 

Hemy  WalUd 

Chas.  Selby 

.  Fanny  ViniBS 

The  season  closed  June  9,  and  the  summer  term  commenced  June 
II,  with  Dan  Bryant  in  "  Born  to  Good  Luck,"  and  "  Handy  Andy." 
July  28  the  theatre  closed  for  rehearsal  of  "  Shamus  O'Brien,  the 
Bould  Boy  of  Glengall,  or  A  Talc  of  '98,"  written  by  Thomas  B.  Mac- 
donough  and  Fred  G.  Maeder,  and  produced  July  30  for  the  first 
time  on  any  stage,  and  with  this  cast  * 




Shamus  O'Brien  *| 

S^^ST     •  •  ^'««'^» 

Higheen  O'LearyJ 

Sir  Dcrry  Downs  .  .  W.  R.  Floyd 
Lieut.  Lovell  Kennedy,  B.  T.  Ringgold 
Miles  O'Halloran  .  .  W.  J.  Leonard 
Mrs.  Kate  O'Connor,  Mrs.  Mark  Smith 

Widow  O'Brien  .  .  Mrs.  John  Sefton 
Father  Malone  .  .  •  Chas.  Fisher 
Col.  Tarleton  ....  Geo.  Holland 
Comey  Ryan  ....  J.  F.  Hagan 
Capt.  Darcy  .  .  .  J.  C.  Williamson 
Darby  the  Blast  .  .  .  G.  F.  Browne 
Mary  Kennedy     .    .    .      Rosa  Cooke 

The  season  of  1866-67  commenced  Sept.  18.  The  company  was 
composed  of  J.  W.  Wallack,  John  Gilbert,  Geo.  Holland,  B.  T.  Ring- 
gold, J.  S.  Wright,  C.  H.  Rockwell,  Frederic  Robinson,  Charies 
Fisher,  A.  W.  Young,  W.  H.  Norton,  J.  C.  Williamson,  Geo.  Browne, 
W.  H.  Pope,  Mr.  James,  Roberts,  W*  J.  Leonard,  Lester  Wallack, 
Madeline  Henriques,  Mrs.  Vernon,  Fanny  Morant,  Mrs.  John  Sefton, 
Fanny  Green,  Mary  Gannon,  Clara  Jennings,  lone  Burke,  Mary 
Barrett,  Miss  Carman,  Mrs.  and  Miss  Timony,  Misses  Day,  Clarke, 
and  Chapman.  Edward  MoUenhauer  was  leader  of  the  orchestra ; 
John  Gilbert,  acting  manager ;  John  Selwyn,  stage  director ;  J.  S. 
Wright,  prompter ;  and  Theo.  Moss,  treasurer.  "  The  Fast  Family," 
an  adaptation  of  Sardou's  "  Le  Famille  Benoiton,"  by  Benj.  Webster, 
the  initial  play,  and  had  this  cast : 

HoQs.  Benoiton  . 
HoQs.  Didier  .  . 
Fnui^s  .  .  . 
M.  de  Vicompte  . 
Pnident  Fomichel 
Blanche  Didier    . 

John  Gilbert 
.  Chas.  Fisher 
C.  H.  Rockwell 
.  F.  Robinson 
.  A.  W.  Young 
.   M.  Henriques 

Fanfan  Benoiton  . 
Rose  Benoiton 
Camille  Benoiton 
Clotide  .  .  .  . 
Adolphine  .  .  . 
M.  Fomichel  .     . 

.  Ella  Chapman 
Gara  Jennings 
.  Fanny  Green 
.  Fanny  Morant 
Mrs.  John  Sefton 
.    Geo.  Holland 

This  was  Mr.  Rockwell's  first  appearance  here.  Dr.  Westland 
Marston's  comedy,  "  The  Favorite  of  Fortune,"  was  first  presented 
in  America  Oct.  8,  and  thus  cast : 

f^rank  Annerly  . 
Tom  Sutherland  . 
Mr.  Fox  Bromley 
^^  Dorrington 
Hester  Lorington 
Mn.  Lorington    . 

"The  Fast  Family  "  was  repeated  Oct.  10.  H.  J.  Byron's  comedy, 
**  ^lOObOOO,"  was  acted  for  the  first  time  in  America  Oct.  22,  and 
vith  this  cast: 

Frederic  Robinson 
Chas.  Fisher 

.  A.  W.  Young 
.    .    Marv  Gannon 

.  M.  Henriques 
.    .  Fanny  Morant 

Euphemia  Witherby  (first  appear* 

ance  here)  .  .  Mrs.  Sealey  Brown 
Mrs.  Witherby  .  .  Mrs.  John  Sefton 
Camilla  Price  ....  Fanny  Green 
Major  Price    ....      John  Gilbert 

Joe  Barlow  ....  John  Gilbert 
Mr.  Floker  ....  A.  W.  Young 
iVefioch      .     .    .    .  J.  C.  Williamson 

Gibbons W.  H.  Pope 

Gerald  Goodwin  .    Frederic  Robinson 
Mr.  PennjTthome  .    .     .    Chas.  Fisher 

Sir  Rumsey  Waters 
Maj.  Blackshaw 
Mrs.  Barlow    . 
Alice  Barlow    . 
Jane  Plover 
ArabeUaPell    . 

G.  F.  Browne 

W.  H.  Norton 

Mrs.  Vernon 

M.  Henriques 

Mary  Barrett 

Mary  Green 

262      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [x»7 

A  musical  matinee  was  given  Oct.  30,  when  Mme.  Marietta 
Gazzaniga,  Adelaide  Phillips,  Sig.  Anastasi,  Herr  MoUenbauer  (vio- 
linist), and  Geo.  W.  Colby  appeared.  Nov.  5  "The  Rivals"  was 
played,  with  the  first  appearance  this  season  of  B.  T.  Ringgold. 
The  comedy  bad  this  cast : 

Sir  Anthony  Absolute  .  John  Gilbert 
Capt.  Absolute  .  Frederic  Robinson 
Sir  Lucius  O'Triggcr     .  W.  H.  Norton 

Acres Cbas.  Fisher 

Faulkland  ....      B.  T.  Rinc^old 

David Geo.  Holumd 

Fag A.  W.  Young 

Thomas Mn.  Pope 

Boy Mr.  Cashin 

Lyaia     ....    Mrs.  Sedley  Brown 

Julia Madeline  Henriquci 

Mrs.  Malaprop     .    .     .    Mrs.  Vemoo 
Lucy Mrs.  John  Seftos 

Mme.  Gazzaniga  gave  a  second  and  last  matin6e  Nov.  7.  "  The 
Double  Gallant"  was  acted  Nov.  12.  '*  Dreams  of  Delusion''  and 
"  Rural  Felicity "  was  the  programme  Nov.  24.  "  Married  Life," 
Nov.  27 ;  "  Dreams  of  Delusion  "  and  "  Poor  Gentleman/'  Dec.  i. 
Lester  Wallack  first  appeared  this  season  Dec.  3  as  Young  Marlowe 
in  "She  Stoops  to  Conquer;"  "The  Wonder"  was  seen  Dec 4; 
Dec.  5,  "Central  Park;"  Dec.  10,  "To  Marry  or  Not  to  Marry" 
and  "Rural  Felicity;"  Dec.  11,  "Irish  Heiress;"  Dec-  12,  "She 
Stoops  to  Conquer  ;"  Dec.  15,  "To  Marry  or  Not  to  Marry"  and 
"Deaf  as  a  Post."  "Ours,"  T.  W.  Robertson's  comedy,  with 
Artemus  Ward  as  joint  author  for  copyright  purposes  only,  was 
seen  for  the  first  time  in  America  Dec.  19,  with  this  cast : 

Bradley W.  H.  Pope 

Benson Mr.  Ward 

Hugh  Chalcote  .  .  Lester  Wallack 
Angus  McAllister  .  B.  T.  Rin^eold 
Sir  Alex.  Shendryn  .     .      John  Gilbert 

Prince  Perovsky 
Sergeant  Jones 
Blanche  Haye 
Lady  Shendryn 
May  Netley 

.  W.  H.  Norton 
Miss  Henriqoes 
.  Fanny  Morant 
.  Mary  Gannoo 

Jan.  21,  1867,  a  benefit  was  given  for  the  families  of  the  seameo 
who  were  lost  in  the  ocean  yacht  race.  **  A  Dangerous  Game,"  an 
adaptation  of  Sardou's  "  Nos  Bon  Villageois,"  by  A.  W.  Young,  wis 
given  Feb.  4,  with  this  cast : 

Gringoire    ....     Georee  Holland 

Floupin A.  w.  Young 

Mons.  Boutille     .     .     .     .  T.  Graham 

Dr.  Piver T.  Ward 

Courtcuisse £.  Cashin 

Jean W.  H.  Pope 

Baron  De  Villepreux 

Jas.  W.  Wallack,  Jr. 
Monsieur  Morrison  .  .  John  Gilbert 
Henri  Morrison    .     Frederic  Robinson 

Mons.  Grandmeul  .  W.  J.  Leonard 
Madame  Boutille  .  .  Mrs.  Thnooj 
TetiUard     ....   J.  C  WflliaiMOO 

Genevieve M.  Hcnricjoes 

Pauline Clara  Jenniop 

Mariotte     ....     Miss  M.  Barrett 

Maguelon Fanny  Gfc^ 

Yveline Miss  M.  ScoCt 

Perrette Miss  Day 

The  Southern  Relief  Association  had  a  matinee  benefit  March  2, 
and  "Ours"  was  acted.  Watts  Phillips'  new  comedy,  *' Invest- 
ment/' was  seen  March  5,  with  this  cast: 



thur  Pljmlimmoo, 
Hiathan  Garroway 
ml  Pantile  .     .     . 
Percival     .    . 
nan  Fungus     .     . 
be  Pljrnlimmon, 

J.  W.  WaUack 

C  Fisher 

Geo.  Holland 

B.  T.  Ringgold 

G.  F.  Browne 

Clara  Jennings 

WiUiam  Kite  ....   A.  W.  Young 

Flimsey }.  C.  Williamson 

Transfer W.  J.  Leonard 

Mrs.  Chicane  .    .    .      Fannv  Morant 

Tawdry Mrs.  Jonn  Sefton 

Jane Mrs.  Timony 

ienry  Dunbar»  or  the  Outcast,"  was  revived  March  12.  A 
»t  was  given  March  16  by  Parepa-Rosa,  Carl  Rosa,  W.  J.  Hill, 
Fosati,  Herr  Honig,  and  Wm.  Dressier.  John  Gilbert  offered 
t  Fast  Family"  for  his  benefit  March  18;  Mary  Gannon  pre- 
d  "  Paul  Pry  "  and  "  Rural  Felicity  "  March  20;  for  his  benefit, 
h  22,  Chas.  Fisher  gave  "  The  Wife's  Secret ; "  for  Madeline 
iques'  benefit,  March  25,  ''Masks  and  Faces"  was  done,  with 

CoUey  Cibber 
Collander    . 
James  Burdock 
Call  Boy     . 
Mabel  Vane 
Kitty  Clive  . 
Maid  .     .    . 

.    .    Geo.  Browne 

W.  J.  Leonard 

.     •  T.  Graham 

.    .     W.  H.  Pope 

.     .     .     £.  Cashin 

Master  McCormack 

Clara  Jennings 

.    .    Mary  Barrett 

.    .  Miss  Carman 

larles  Pomander,  B.  T.  Ringgold 
achus  Triplet,  Miss  £.  Le  Bnin 
/offington  .  .  .  M.  Henriques 
Triplet  .  .  .  Miss  F.  Green 
ina     .     .      Miss  D.  McCormack 

t Chas.  Fisher 

Geo.  Holland 

t  Vane     ...      W.  H.  Norton 

A.  W.  Young 

r J.  C.  Williamson 

ederic  Robinson  acted  Sir  Giles  Overreach  in  '*  A  New  Way  to 
!)ld  Debts,''  March  27,  for  his  "  appeal."  Fanny  Morant  had  a 
it  March  29,  and  plaved  Mrs.  Ormsby  Delmaine  in  ^'The 
us  Family ;  "  "  High  Life  Below  Stairs  *'  was  also  given.  Geo. 
md  took  his  benefit  April  i,  when  *' Paul  Pry"  and  "The 
it "  were  acted.  Boucicault's  "  Hunted  Down,  or  the  Two 
of  Mary  Leigh,"  was  seen  April  2  for  the  first  time  in 
rica,  and  with  this  cast: 


ts £.  Cashin 

Clara  Jennings 

Miss  M.  Barrett 

^igh       .     .     Frederic  Robinson 
»n  Scudamore  .     .     Chas.  Fisher 

Lady  Glencarrig 

Maiy  Le 
Jane  . 


.  .  .  Fannv  Morant 
.  .  .  M.  Henriques 
.  .  Miss  M.  Scott 
.  .  Mrs.  Timony 
Miss  Emma  Le  Bmn 
Miss  D.  McCormack 

lie  Laughing  Hyena"  was  given  the  same  night.  Clara 
ings,  for  her  benefit,  April  3,  played  Mrs.  Charles  Bromley  in 
ipson  &  Co.,"  and  Emily  Worthington  in  ^  The  Poor  Gentle- 
*  A.  W.  Young  acted  Billy  Lackaday  and  sang  "  Sure, 
al  Man  was  Born  for  Sorrow,"  in  **  Sweethearts  and  Wives,"  for 
snefit,  April  5.  **  Americans  in  Paris  "  was  also  acted.  "  An 
ual  Match "  and  "  Simpson  &  Co."  were  played  April  8  for 
John  Sefton's  benefit.  Madeline  Henriques  took  her  "fare- 
'  April  20,  as  Peg  Wofiington  in  '^  Masks  and  Faces."    This 

264      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE      [1887 

was  announced  as  her  last  appearance  on  the  stage,  bat  she 
reappeared  here  in  September,  1 869.  Boucicault's  "  Flying  Scud, 
or  a  Four-Legged  Fortune/'  was  first  acted  April  24,  and  with  this 

Tom  Meredith  Frederic  Robinson 

Capt  Grindley  Goodge,   B.  T.  Ringgold 

Coiooel  Mulligan 
Bob  Buckskin 
Fred  Lanagban 
Julia  Latimer  . 
lady  Woodbie 
Sam  Wobbler . 
Mo  Davis  .     . 
Nat  Gosline    . 
Lord  Woodbie 
Qnail      .    .    . 
Ciiouser      .     . 
Dorling .    .     . 

W.  H.  Norton 

J.  C.  Williamson 

.  Miss  Talfourd 

Clara  Jennings 

Mrs.  John  Sefton 

.  Joseph  Curran 

Charles  Fisher 

.    A.  W.  Young 

Mary  Barrett 

.    G.  F.  Browne 

.  W.  J.  Leonard 

Mr.  Graham 

Tittums Mr.  Ward 

Jenkins W.  H.  Pope 

BailifiE Mr.  Roberts 

Dicky  Brush £.  Casbia 

Neb  Compo     ....    Fanny  Green 

Harry  Stofel Miss  Scott 

Jimfider Miss  Day 

Hall  HofiEer  .  .  .  Mrs.  M.  TUnooj 
Tom  Butler      .     .    .       Miss  Williamt 

Jack  Lyle Miss  Oaric 

Joe  Hiram Miss  Timoof 

Jerry  Lemon  ....  Miss  Graham 
Tony  Gnmsaw  .  .  .  Miss  Tbooiai 
Katey  Rideout      .     .     .    Agnes  Elfiott 

This  was  Agnes  Elliott's  American  d^but.  This  sporting  drama 
closed  the  season  June  8.  Agnes  Elliott  retired  from  the  stage  and 
married  John  W.  Keller,  a  gentleman  connected  with  the  New  York 
press,  and  also  Commissioner  of  Charities  and  Correction.  Dan 
Bryant  began  a  summer  season  June  10,  during  which  ''  The  Irish 
Emigrant,"  "  Handy  Andy,"  "  Bom  to  Good  Luck,"  "  How  to  Pay 
the  Rent,"  "Barney,  the  Baron,"  "  Shamus  O'Brien,"  and  "The 
Bells  of  Shandon  "  were  played.  This  last  drama  was  written  for 
him  by  John  Brougham  and  Henry  L.  Morford.  Bryant  closed  his 
engagement  July  27,  and  was  followed  July  29  by  Lotta. 

Charlotte  Crabtree  (Lotta)  had  been  engaged  by  Clifton  W. 
Tayleure.  The  following  account  of  her  appearance  was  given  to 
me  by  Mr.  Tayleure: 

*'  Lotta  had  do  specialty,  and  selected  as  the  opening  bill  '  The  Pet  of  the 
Petticoats  *  and  the  farce  of  *  Family  Jars.'     In  both  pieces  she  played  the  baojo 
and  danced  a  jig.     *  Little  Nell,'  a  dramatization  of  '  Old  Curiosity  Shop,*  bf 
John  Brougham,  was  first  acted  Aug.  14.     Lotta  played  the  title  rdle.    Edward 
Coleman  was  the  Quilp;  J.  C.  Williamson,  Dick  Swiveller;  W.  J.  Leonard,  Bnw; 
and  Mrs.  £.  C.  Winter,  Mrs.  Quilp.     The  engagement  lasted  seven  weeks  (ter- 
minating Sept  12),  and  was  broken  ofiE  to  receipts  averaging  nearly  $1,100  t»t^ 
performance.     Lotta  realized  for  her  share  about  $10,000.     Matinees  were  not  in 
order  in  1867.    The  two  matinees  a  week  custom  of  the  present  time  would  tbea 
have  paid  her,  upon  the  usual  terms,  nearly  $6,000  more.     The  understanding 
was  tnat  the   engagement,  which  was  simply  verbal,  should  continue  for  two 
years.     For  personal  reasons  I  was  extremely  anxious  to  terminate  it  at  the  ead 
of  the  New  York  term.     One  afternoon  I  hastened  to  the  little  house  on  Amity 
street  which  Lotta  had  recently  purchased  for  a  residence,  to  interview  her  upoa 
the  subject.    To  my  astonishment,  and  ecjually  to  my  delic;ht,  the  little  lady  met 
my  opening  hint  with  the  laughing  assertion  that  she  had  looked  upon  the  two 
years  *  suggestion  *  simply  as  a  joke  of  mine,  and  had  made  other  arrangements. 
She  does  not  to  this  hour  know  that  I  was  prepared  to  pay  very  liberaUy  for 
a  release  from  that '  joke/  ^^ 




The  regular  season  of  1867-68  commenced  Sept.  25,  with  the 
following  company:  Lester  Wallack,  John  Gilbert,  Jas.  W.  Wal- 
lack,  Mark  Smith,  J.  H.  Stoddart,  Geo.  Holland,  Charles  Fisher, 
J.  B.  Polk,  J.  C.  Williamson,  G.  F.  Browne,  W.  H.  Pope,  A.  W. 
Young,  Chas.  H.  Rockwell,  B.  T.  Ringgold,  W.  J.  Leonard,  T. 
Ward,  J.  Curran,  C.  Sherman,  E.  Cashin,  J.  S.  Wright,  B.  Durand, 
Mrs.  Clara  Jennings,  Mrs.  Vernon,  Mrs.  Wm.  Winter,  Mrs.  John 
Sefton,  Mary  Gannon,  Annie  Ward  (now  Tiffany),  Emily  Mes- 
tayer,  Fanny  Morant,  Mary  Scott,  Fanny  Green,  Mary  Barrett, 
Jennie  Day,  T.  Timony,  Carman,  Homer,  Monell,  Kate  Ranoe. 
Thos.  Baker,  musical  director;  John  Gilbert,  acting  manager;  J.  G. 
Hanley,  stage  director;  J.  S.  Wright,  prompter;  Theo.  Moss, 
treasurer.  The  following  was  the  opening  bill :  ^^  Meg's  Diver- 
sion," and  Burnand's  burlesque,  ^'The  Latest  Edition  of  Black- 
Eyed  Susan,  or  the  Little  Bill  that  Was  Taken  Up,"  both  of  which 
were  produced  for  the  first  time  in  America.  "  Meg's  Diversion  " 
was  cast  as  follows : 

Margaret  .  . 
Cornelia  .  . 
Mrs.  Netwold  . 

Clara  Jennings 

Mrs.  W.  Winter 

Annie  Ward 

Jeremy  Crow  ....  John  Gilbert 
Ashley  Merton  .  .  B.  T.  Ringgold 
Jasper  Pideeon  .  .  .  A.  W.  ^^ng 
Round  Pidgeon   ....    J.  B.  Polk 

This  was  J.  B.  Polk's  d^but  at  this  theatre.     In  the  burlesque 
Kate  Ranoe  made  her  American  d^but,  and  the  cast  was : 

IVUliam Kate  Ranoe 

Cskpu  Crosstree  .  .  .  Mark  Smith 
I><>gmss  ....  George  Holland 
HIaiShett G.  F.  Browne 

Shaun  Ploughshare  J.  C.  Williamson 
Black  Eved  Susan  .  .  Mary  Gannon 
Dolly  Mayflower  .  .  .  Fanny  Green 
Raker Mary  Barrett 

Oct.  14  "  The  Rent  Day  "  and  the  petite  comedy,  ^  40  and  50," 
played.  E.  L.  Davenport  and  Fanny  Morant  appeared  Oct. 
^  X  in  **  Still  Waters  Run  Deep."  Rose  Eytinge  made  her  first 
■•I^pearance  Oct.  28,  as  Margaret  Wentworth  in  "  Henry  Dunbar." 
\  -A  New  Way  to  Pay  Old  Debts,"  Nov.  i,  introduced  for  the  first 
^xue  in  this  theatre  J.  H.  Stoddart  as  Marrall.  "The  Honeymoon  *' 
^3w  given  Nov.  7,  and  "  Belle's  Stratagem  "  was  seen  Nov.  14. 
^^atts  Phillips'  new  play,  "  Maud's  Peril,"  was  given  for  the  first 
ttiac  in  New  York  Nov.  25,  and  with  this  cast: 

James  Burrell      .     .     .    G.  F.  Browne 
Susan  Taperloy  .     .  Mrs.  John  Sefton 

TT^  Taperloy 
?ir  Ralph  Chali 

James  W.  Wallack 

Iph  Challoner     .  J.  H.  Stoddart 

^*erald  Gwynn     .     .      B.  T.  Ringgold 

^  Dr.  Dilworth/'  by  John  Oxenford,  was  seen  Dec.  4,  with  this 

Dr.  Dilworth  ....      John  Gilbert 

Syntax Mr.  Young 

First  Officer Mr.  Ward 

Tereotius  O'Loaghlin,  J.  C.  Williamson 

Mr.  Paddington   . 
Second  Officer 
Mrs.  Dilworth 

.  G.  W.  Browne 

.     .    Mr.  White 

.     Mrs.  Vernon 

Miss  Ranoe 

266      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Ci«8 

^*  Town  and  Country  "  had  this  cast  Dec.  9,  being  the  first  time  it 
was  acted  here  in  five  years : 

Reuben  Glenroy 
Jerry  Hawback 
Rosalie  Somers 
Goody  Hawbuck 
Cosey     .    ,     . 
Trot  .... 
Capt.  Glenroy 
Plastic    .    .     . 
Owen  Glenroy 
Armstrong .    . 

.  J.  W.  Wallack 
.  A.  W.  Young 
.  Clara  Jennings 
.  Miss  Carman 
.  John  Gilbert 
.  Mark  Smith 
.  .  J.  B.  Polk 
B.  T.  Ringgold 
W.  J.  Leonard 
.     W.  H.  Pope 

Ross .     .     . 
Williams     . 
Evans    .     . 
Robin     .    . 
Waiter    .     . 
Mrs.  Glenroy 
Mrs.  Moreen 
Mrs.  Trot  . 
Taffline  .    . 

**  Oliver  Twist"  was  cast  as  follows  Dec.  27 

Farin J.  W.  Wallack 

Bill  Sikes  ....£.  L.  Davenport 
Oliver  Twist   ....     Mary  Barrett 

Bumble Geo.  Holland 

Brownlow G.  F.  Browne 

Monks C.  H.  Rockwell 

Artful  Dodger      .    .    .   A.  W.  Young 

Fane J.  C.  Williamson 

Noah  Clajrpole Leonard 

Vellum T.Ward 

Toby  Crackett      .    .      E.  M.  Holland 
Butcher  Boy J.  Curran 

Lester  Wallack,  after  an  absence  of  twelve  months,  appeared  J 
13,  1868,  as  Viscount  de  Ligny  in  ^^The  Captain  of  the  Watch 
and  in  ^^  Woodcock's  Little  Game  "  (produced  for  the  first  time  i 
this  theatre).    ^^  Ours "  was  revived  Jan.  27,  and  cast  as  follows: 

Charley  .  . 
Policeman  . 
Tailor  .  . 
Barney  .  . 
Officer  .  . 
Nancy  Sikes 
Mrs.  Comey 
Rose  Maylie 
Mrs.  Baldwin 
Charlotte  • 
Susan     .    . 

Gtorgt  Browne 
£.  MUton  Holland 
.    £.  Cashin 
.     G.  White 
.   B.  Dunmd 
Fanny  Morant 
Mrs.  Vernon 
Mrs.  John  Sefton 
.    .  Mary  Scott 

•     £.  Cashin 

.     G.White 

W.  H.  Pope 

.   B.  Durand 

C.  Sherman 





Mrs.  T.  Timon: 

Mrs.  Mon< 

Hugh  Chalcote    .    .      Lester  Wallack 
Col.  Sir  Alexander  Shendryn 

John  Gilbert 
Lieut  Angus  McAllister 

B.  T.  Ringgold 
The  Prince  Perovsky  .  .  J.  B.  Polk 
Major  Samprey    .     .    .  W.  J.  Leonard 

Lady  Shendr3m 
Sergeant  Jones 
Bradley  .  .  . 
Benson  .  .  . 
Mary  Nedey  . 
Blanche  Haye  . 
Ellen      .     .     . 

A.  W.  You 
W.  H.  Po 
.  T.J. 
Mary  Ganm.^ 
Kate  Ran 
.  Mary 



This  was  Mary  Gannon's  last  appearance  on  the  si 
"Pauline"  was  revived  Feb.  11,  with  Lester  Wallack  as  Coui'^ 
Horace  de  Beauval,  Rose  Eytinge  as  Pauline,  and  Kate  Rano^ 
as  Gabrielle.     "  Rosedale  "  was  revived  March  9. 

April  6  J.  W.  Wallack  and  E.  L.  Davenport  reappeared  in 
"Oliver  Twist;"  "The  Honeymoon"  was  played  April  13  with 
J.  W.  Wallack  as  Duke  Aranza,  E.  L.  Davenport  as  Rolando,  and 
Rose  Eytinge  as  Juliana.  "The  Belle's  Stratagem"  was  given 
April  14  with  J.  W.  Wallack  as  Doricourt,  Davenport  as  Flutter, 
John  Gilbert  as  Hardy,  and  Rose  Eytinge  as  Letitia  Hardy;  "Still 
Waters  Run  Deep,"  April  15:  J.  W.  Wallack  as  John  Mildmay, 



Davenport  as  Capt.  Hawksley,  Fanny  Morant  as  Mrs.  Stem- 

and  Kate  Ranoe  as  Mrs.  Mildmay.     Charles  Fisher  made 

rst  appearance  this  season  April  20,  as  the  Major  in  **  Henry 

wur."    J.  W.  Wallack  played  Henry  Dunbar.     "Love's  Sac- 

'  The  Rivals ; "  May  6,  "  Town 
Faces  "  was  acted,  with  Rose 
ige  as  the  heroine, 
'own  and  Country"  was  given  May  12;  "The  White  Cock- 
was  seen  May  14  for  the  first  time^and  with  this  cast: 

"  was  plaved  April  30;  May  i,  "The  Rivals;"  May  6,  "Town 
Country;     May  11  "Masks  and  7 

adrcw  Silverton       J.  W.  Wallack 
Hector  Kilniddock 

B.  T.  Ringgold 

GufiFoj^e     .     .  J.  C.  Williamson 

m.  Ashford  W.  J.  Leonard 

•ral  Weatherspoon         B.  Durand 

:  Ashford      .     .      Clara  Jennings 

Enoch  Flicker 
Evan  Mcjan 
Cvril  Silverton 
Cnasseloap  .     . 
Highland  Kate 
Hanover  Bess  . 
Jessie  McLeod 

J.  H.  Stoddart 

Chas.  Fisher 

.    J.  B.  Polk 

Jas.  McGee 

Kate  Ranoe 

Annie  Ward 

Mary  Barrett 

Tie  Stranger"  was  played  June  i  for  the  first  time  in  four 
.     Clara  Fisher  made  her  first  appearance  here  as  Annette, 
Eytinge  was  Mrs.  Haller,  and  J.  W.  Wallack,  the  Stranger, 
season  closed  June  6. 

summer  term  began  June  8  under  the  direction  of  Thea  Moss. 
Bfham*s  "  Lottery  of  Life  "  was  presented  for  the  first  time,  and 
this  cast : 

John  Broueham 

f  awley  .  .  .  Edward  Lamb 
m.  Downe  .  .  .  .  T.  J.  Hind 
>mmy ....      B.  T.  Ringgold 

tn W.  J.  Leonard 

ay  Dennis    ....    J.  Quigley 

£.  Cashin 

eye E.  Menturn 

G.  White 

e  Solomons      .     .     Chas.  Fisher 

Robert  Mordaont      .    C.  H.  Rockwell 

Frank James  McGee 

Polly Effie  Germon 

Miss  Tartar     ....  Fanny  Morant 

Judy George  Holland 

Emily Miss  M.  Barrett 

Marx Miss  F.  Carman 

Biddy Miss  C.  Carman 

Lucy Miss  E.  Monell 

Jenny Miss  J.  Day 

tta  commenced  on  Aug.   10  in  the  new  drama,  by  Edmund 
>ner,   "Fire  Fly,  or  the  Fiend  of  the  Flag": 

Marshal  McDonald  .    .    .    T.  J.  Hind 
Marquise  de  Renardire,      Mary  Barrett 

Venetia Laura  Phillips 

Barbe  Grise H.  George 

Arab  Sheik      .     .     .     .  L.  J.  Williams 

1st  Arab P.  H.  Wilson 

Officer H.Jacobs 

Orderly J.  McGee 

Aide-de-camp  .     .     .     .    J.  F.  Quigley 
Tata  Leroux J.  T.  Ward 

"ly Lotta 

d  Cecil    ....     Chas.  Fisher 

E.  Lamb 

:k  Levi    .     .     .     .     T.  McWade 
:hamp      .     .     .       W.  J.  Leonard 

ink W.  H.  Pope 

)uke  of  Lyonnaise 

B.  T.  Ringgold 
ey  Cecil  .  .  .  C.  H.  Rockwell 
irslan  ....  George  Holland 
!hateauroy    ,     .     Theo.  Hamilton 

kittle   Nell  and  the  Marchioness"  was  given  Sept.   6  with 
I  as  the  two  heroines,  and  Chas.  Fisher  as  Dick  Swiveller. 

268      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [1868 

The  next  regular  season  opened  Sept.  23.  The  company  con- 
sisted of  J.  W.  Wallack,  Charles  Fisher,  A.  W.  Young,  J.  B. 
Polk,  J.  Lm  Matthews,  Geo.  F.  Browne,  C.  H.  Rockwell,  W.  J. 
Leonard,  E.  Cashin,  J.  Curran,  John  Gilbert,  J.  H.  Stoddart,  J. 
G.  Hanley,  Geo.  Holland,  B.  T.  Ringgold,  J.  S.  Wright,  E.  M, 
Holland,  J.  Sherman,  T.  Ward,  B.  Durand,  Lester  Wallack,  Rose 
Eytinge,  Mrs.  Vernon,  Clara  Jennings,  Emily  Mestayer,  Annie 
Ward  Tiffany,  Mrs.  Sedley  Brown,  Fanny  Green,  Mrs.  John  Sefton, 
Mary  Barrett,  Misses  Carman,  Clayton,  A.  Clarke,  J.  Engel,  E. 
Monell,  Jenny  Day,  and  Mrs.  Timony.  "Simon  Bernard"  was 
given,  with  this  cast: 

Simon  Bernard  . 
Crux  .... 
Geom  Bernard  . 
Matthew  Dorvel  . 

.  J.  W.  WaUack 

.  Charles  Fisher 

B.  T.  Ringgold 

.    G.  F.  Browne 

Corporal     . 
Mary  Betrand 
Lizette  .    . 

£.  Milton  Holland 
Mrs.  £.  Fisher 

.  .  Fanny  Green 
Miss  £.  Monell 

This  was  Mrs.  E.  Fisher's  first  appearance  here.  "Dearer  than 
Life"  was  also  played  this  night,  and  was  thus  cast: 

Michael  Gamer  ....  J.  Gilbert 
Uncle  Ben  ....  J.  H.  Stoddart 
Bob  Gasset  .  .  .  .  A.  W.  Young 
Old  Bolter  (first  appearance 

here) J.  L.  Matthews 

Mr.  Kedgely  .  .  .  .  W.  J.  Leonard 
Mr.  Armstrong    .     .     .     .J.  Sherman 

Mrs.  Gamer  (first  appear- 
ance here)   .     .     .      Emily  Mestay< 
Mrs.  Bridget  Pellet,  Annie  Ward  Tiffan] 
Mrs.  Mingle  .     .     .     Miss  £.  Carmai 
Charley  Gamer  ....     J.  B.  Pol 

Lucy Clara  Jenningr— ^ 

Mrs.  Chigley  .     .    .       Miss  £.  Monc""^" 

"Love's  Sacrifice"  was  presented  Oct.  8,  with  Rose  Eytinge 
Margaret  Elmore,  J.  W.  Wallack  as  Mathew  Elmore,  Chas.  Fish 
as  Paul  Lafont,  and  Clara  Jennings  as  Herminie.     ''Masks 
Faces "  was  done  Oct.    i;  "The  Stranger,"  Oct.  13.     "The 
cashire  Lass  "  was  first  acted  Oct.  26,  and  had  this  cast : 

A  Party  by  the  Name  of 

Johnson      .     .     .     .  J.  W.  Wallack 
Robert  Redburn      .     .       Chas.  Fisher 

Jellick Geo.  Holland 

Spotty A.  W.  Young 

Neb  Clayton J.  B.  Polk 

Sergeant  Donovan  .     .   W.  J.  Leonard 

Kate  Garston      .     .     .    Clara  Jennin^ 
Fanny  Danville  .      Mrs.  Sedley  Broi 
Mr.  Danville  .     .     .     .  C.  H.  Rock^^sU 

Kirby G.  F.  Brow^Kic 

Milder J.  L.  Matthe^ww 

Ruth  Kirby    ....      Rose  Eytin^ 

Lester  Wallack  made  his  first  appearance  this  season  Dec.  14,  iii 
"Two  Can  Play  at  That  Game,"  which,  acted  for  the  first  time  here; 
had  this  cast : 

Howard  Leslie   .     .     .   Lester  Wallack 
Lucy Oara  Jennings 

Charles  Arundel 

B.  T.  Ringgold 


Follies  of  a  Night  "  was  done  the  same  night,  with  this  cast: 

John  Gilbert 

Mile.  Duval  .     . 
Count  De  Brissac 
Pierre  Palliott    . 

Mary  Barrett 

E.  M.  Holland 

Lester  Wallack 

Dr.  Druggendraft   . 

Duchess  de  Chartres 

Duke  de  Chartres  . 

Rose  Eytinge 
Chas.  Fisher 



Speed  the  Plough  "  was  presented  Dec  1 5,  and  thus  cast : 

Handy  .     . 
Ibel  Handv 
ler  Ashfiem 


Lester  WalUck 
.  .  J.  Gilbert 
•     G.  Holland 

B.  T.  Ringgold 

C.  H.  Rockwell 
John  L.  Matthews 

Sir  Philip  BUndford  .  .  Chas.  Fisher 
Miss  Blandford  •  .  Mary  Barrett 
Evergreen  ....  Geo.  F.  Browne 
Dame  Ashfield  ....  Mrs.  Vernon 
Susan  ....  Annie  Ward  Tiffany 
Lucy  Handy      •    .    .     Mrs.  J.  Sefton 

Captain  of  the  Watch,"  "Woodcock's  Little  Game,"  "Two  Can 
rat  That  Game,"  "The  Wonder,"  and  "Follies  of  a  Night" 
s  played  until  Dec  28,  when  "Money"  was  given  with  this 

Lord  Glossmore 
Clara  Douelass 
Lady  Franlclin  . 
Georgina  Vesey 
Sir  John  .  .  . 
Sharpe     ... 

.  C.  H.  Rockwell 
Clara  Jennings 
.  Emily  Mestayer 
Mrs.  Sedley  Brown 
.  John  Matthews 
.  Geo.  F.  Browne 

ley  Smooth  ....  J.  B.  Polk 
*mienck  .  .  .  B.  T.  Rinn^old 
ant  to  Sir  John  .  .  .  T.  Ward 
lot  to  Evelyn  ....    J.  Curran 

t John  Gilbert 

es Chas.  Fisher 

id  Evelyn  .     .     .    Lester  Wallack 

he  theatre  closed  Jan.  30,  1869,  ^^^  ^  rehearsal  of  "Much  Ado 
*ut  Nothing,"  presented  Feb.  i,  with  this  cast: 

dick      ....    Lester  Wallack    Borachio J.  L.  Matthews 

3erry John  Gilbert   Margaret      .    •    .  Mrs.  Sedley  Brown 

ato        ....     Charles  Fisher   Conrade  •    .    .    .    E.  Milton  Holland 

The  Friar     ....     W.  J.  Leonard 

The  Sexton E.  Cashin 

Beatrice] Rose  Eytinge 

Hero Clara  Jennings 

Ursula     .     .    .      Annie  Ward  Tiffimy 

dental  to  the  second  act  the  madrigal,  "  Sigh  No  More,  Ladies," 
f  by  Carrie  Spier,  Mrs.  L.  Dallimore,  W.  Dallimore,  G.  How- 
and  H.  Holloway.  The  comedy  was  played  continuously  for 
rn  weeks.  During  its  "  run  "  Rose  Eytinge  was  ill  for  a  few 
Its,  and  Clara  Jennings  played  Beatrice,  March  13. 
School"  was  first  acted  in  this  country  here  March  15,  and 
this  cast : 

J.  H.  Stoddart 

Pedro J.  B.  Polk 

John     .     .     .     .   C.  H.  Rockwell 

lie B.  T.  Ringgold 

Die G.  F.  Browne 

Lester  Wallack 
.  John  Gilbert 
.  .  C.  Fisher 
J.  H.  Stoddart 
Owen  Marlowe 


t  Farintosh 
Krux     .     . 
Beaufoy    . 

[rs.  Vernon  made   her   last 
trc   April    5,    1869,   as  Mrs. 
e  until  May  l 
Caste  '*  was  acted  May  3,  for 

.  George  d'Alroy  .    Chas.  Fisher 

Gerridge   .     .     .  .  A.  W.  Young 

.  Hawtree  .     .     .  Owen  Marlowe 

)uise  de  St  Maar,  Emily  Mestayer 

James E.  Cashin 

Noami  Tighe    ....  Effie  Germon 

Bella Clara  Jennings 

Mrs.  Sutcliffe  ....    Mrs.  Vernon 

appearance  on  the  stage  at  this 
Sutcliffe      "School"  kept  the 

the  first  time  here: 

Eccles     .    . 
Esther  Eccles 
Polly  Eccles 

J.  H.  Stoddart 
Rose  Eytinge 
Effie  Germon 

270      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE      im 

It  was  played  for  one  month.     The  season  closed  on  June  4. 

"  Old  Mother  Hubbard,  or  Harlequin  Bo  Peep  and  Boy  Blue," 
was  the  attraction  for  the  summer  season,  which  began  June  5  under 
the  direction  of  the  Lauri  Pantomime  company.    It  had  this  cast: 

Boy  Blue Rose  Massey 

Bo  Peep Effie  Germon 

Pipsy Emily  Lewis 

Wipsy Miss  E.  Geddes 

Fairy  Queen  ....  Lizzie  Mahon 
Virtuous  Rustic  .  .  E.  M.  Holland 
Mother  Hubbard  .    .    .     Henri  Lauri 

Betsy  Jane  . 
Baron  Wolf 
Chickaleary . 
Her  Dog 
Her  Monkey 
Her  Cat  .    . 

Fanny  Presti{;e 
.  .  (i.  Beckett 
Graham  Elliott 
.  Charies  Laori 
Edward  Lanri 
Master  Martinetti 


Harlequin John  Lauri 

Qown Charles  Lauri 

Pantaloon Henri  Lauri 

Policeman Edward  Lasri 

Columbine MUe.  Land 

The  burlesque  of  "  Coralline "  followed  June  26  for  one  week, 
and  was  succeeded  July  5  by  the  Selwyn  dramatic  and  burlesque 
company,  in  "Dora"  and  "Black  Eyed  Susan."  H.  F.  Daly, 
Frederic  Robinson,  C.  H.  Vandenhofif,  Stuart  Robson,  Harry  Pear- 
son, Lizzie  Price,  Kitty  Blanchard  (Mrs.  McKee  Rankin),  aod 
Jacobs  were  in  the  organization.  "  The  Long  Strike  "  was  phjei 
June  26.  W.  R.  Floyd,  J.  H.  Stoddart,  Ringgold,  C.  H.  Morton, 
Matthews,  Rockwell,  Cashin,  Porter,  Curran,  Leonard,  Hollaod, 
Germon,  Carman,  and  Clayton  were  in  the  cast.  This  was  the 
d6but  here  of  C.  H.  Morton,  and  the  first  appearance  of  W.  R. 
Floyd  in  two  years.  John  E.  Owens  appeared  Aug.  2  as  Unit,  in 
Mrs.  H.  L.  Bateman's  "  Self. "  "  Self  "  was  played  for  three  weeks, 
and  was  followed  by  "Solon  Shingle,"  "The  Live  Indian,"  and 
"  The  Victims. "  The  season  closed  Sept.  1 1  with  a  matinee  per- 
formance for  the  benefit  of  the  family  of  J.  G.  Hanley,  formerly 
stage  manager  here. 

The  next  regular  season  opened  Sept  15,  1869,  with  •'The 
School  for  Scandal,"  which  had  this  cast: 

Chas.  Surface  .  . 
Sir  Benjamin  .  . 
Sir  Harry  Bumper 
Lady  Teazle 
Mrs.  Candour  .  . 
Lady  Sneerwell 

.  Chas.  Wyndham 

Owen  Marlowe 

.     .     A.  Mathison 

Madeline  Henriques 

.   Emily  Mestayer 

Mrs.  J.  Sefton 

Laura  Phillips 

Sir  Peter John  Gilbat 

Joseph J.W.  Wallick 

Sir  Oliver Chas.  Fishcf 

Crabtree      ....      J.  H.  Stoddart 

Careless C.  H.  Rodwfdl 

Moses J.  C  WiUiamoB 

Trip E.  M.  Holla*! 

This  was  the  dibut  here  of  Chas.  Wyndham,  and  the  first  a{^)car- 
ance  in  two  years  of  Madeline  Henriques.  The  first  production  in 
America  of  Robertson's  comedy,  "Progress,"  took  place  Sept  27, 
with  this  cast: 



trne.    .    .    .      J.  W.  Wallack 

wn John  Gilbert 

ompesson  ....  W.  Hield 
rdiur  Mompesson  .  C.  Fisher 
mythome  .  .  J.  H.  Stoddart 
onythome  .      J.  C.  Williamson 

Eva  (her  first  appearance 

at  this  theatre)  .  .  •  Louisa  Moore 
Mrs.  Mymie  .  .  .  Mrs.  John  Sefton 
Mr.  Danley  ...  £.  M.  Holland 
Wykham      ....      W.  J.  Leonard 

1 1  '^  An  Unequal  Match "  was  revived  with  Madeline 
lues  as  Hester  Grazebrook.  Charles  Hale  made  his  bow 
8  Sam  Gerridge  in  "Caste,"  Oct  12;  "The  School  for 
il  "  was  done  Oct.  13 ;  "The  Heir  at  Law  "  was  played  Oct 
3V.   I,  "Still  Waters  Run  Deep;"  Nov.  2,  "The  Heir  at 

"  Home  "  was  done  Nov.  8  for  the  first  time  in  America, 
d  this  cast : 

John  White  .  Lester  Wallack 
[ountra£Ee  •  .  J.  H.  Stoddart 
Thompson  .  .  B.  T.  Ringgold 
nchbeck    •  Madeline  Henriques 

Lucy  Dorrison 
Dora  Thombaogh 
Mr.  Dorrison  .    . 

Effie  GermoQ 

Laura  Phillips 

John  Gilbert 

>me"  was  originally  called  "Across  the  Atlantic"  Joseph 
on  got  it  from  T.  W.  Robertson,  intending  to  produce  it  in 
>untry.  He  put  it  in  rehearsal  at  the  Varieties  Theatre,  New 
IS,  La.,  during  the  season  of  1867,  but  being  dissatisfied 
le  rdle  of  Col.  White  (which  he  was  to  play),  he  returned 
ly  to  Mr.  Robertson  with  a  draft  for  £  100,  and  Mr.  Robert- 
:ter  slightly  altering  it,  sold  it  to  Edward  A.  Sothem,  who 
:ed  it  at  the  Haymarket,  London.  On  Nov.  20^  "Henry 
ir "  was  revived ;  Dec  6  "  The  Wonder  "  was  seen ;  Dec  7, 
ain  of  the  Watch  "and  "Woodcock's  Little  Game;"  Dec 
Imestine  "  and  "  Trying  It  On ; "  Dec  23,  "  Wild  Oats ; "  and 
7,  "Central  Park,  or  the  House  with  Two  Doors." 

10,  1870,  "Ours"  was  presented,  with  Louisa  Moore  as 
le,  originally  played  by  her  in  London.  Boucicault  and 
's  drama,  "Lost  at  Sea,"  was  first  acted  in  America  Feb. 
id  was  thus  cast: 

inklim Mr.  Hield 

Coram      .    .     .  J.  W.  WaUack 

wlings C.  Fisher 

•op      .    .    •    .  J.  H.  Stoddart 

Effie  Germon 

I      ....      £.  M.  Holland 

Green  .  .  .  J.  F.  Quigley 
Ifired  Colebrooke,  Owen  Nlarlowe 
"ranklyn   .     .     .  Laura  Phillips 

McKay  .    . 
Bidder    .     . 
Dr.  Thorpe 
Newsboy    . 
Katey     .     • 
Mrs.  Tessop 
Mrs.  Pybus 
Miss  Bruce 
Child      .     . 

.    •    .  Leonard 
.     .    •    Durand 
•    .    .     Bowen 
.    .  Miss  Rowe 
Miss  M.  Henrioues 
.  Mrs.  J.  Sttton 
Miss  Fowler 
Miss  Clayton 
Jennie  Timony 

ras  withdrawn  April  6,  and  Tom  Taylor's  "New  Men  and 
ucres"  was  acted,  with  this  cast: 

272      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D»|o 

Mr.  Vavasour 
Samuel  Brown 
Mr.  Bunter 

dCCKci      •      •      • 

Cantry    .    .    . 
Bertie  Fitz  Urse 

C.  H.  Rockwell 
.  J.  W.  Wallack 
.  J.  H.  Stoddart 
£.  M.  HoUand 
.  .  Mr.  Peck 
B.  T.  Ringgold 

Lady  Matilda  Vavasour 

Emily  Mestayer 
Lilian  Vavasour  .  Miss  M.  Henriques 
Mrs.  Bunter  .  .  .  Mrs.  John  Seitoo 
Fanny  Bunter  .  .  .  Laura  Phillips 
Mrs.  BriU Miss  Rowe 

Berthold  Blasenburg,  J.  C.  Williamson 

For  the  matinee  April  i6  Lester  Wallack  reappeared  in  "Ours." 
A  special  matinee  performance  occurred  April  20  for  the  benefit 
of  Mrs.  Sedley  Brown,  when  was  acted  "  A  Gentleman  from  Ire- 
land/' with  John  Brougham  as  Gerald  Fitzmaurice  (his  first  ap- 
pearance in  New  York  this  season);  Laura  Phillips  as  Lucy; 
Edmund  Falconer  recited  his  own  poem,  "Anne  Hathaway;" 
"The  Rough  Diamond  "  followed,  with  John  S.  Clarke  as  Cousin 
Joe,  Mrs.  Sedley  Brown  as  Margery,  Owen  Marlowe  as  William 
Evergreen,  and  T.  J.  Hind  as  Lord  Plato;  Clara  Fisher  sang;  A 
Sedgwick  did  a  concertina  solo,  and  the  entertainment  closed  with 
"The  Debutante":  Charles  Wheatleigh  as  Mons.  Achille,  Blanche 
Gray  as  Arabella. 

May  6  "The  Love  Chase"  and  "Married  Life"  were  presented; 
May  9  Leicester  Vernon's  drama,  "The  Lancers,"  was  given  for 
the  first  time  in  America  with  this  cast : 

Estelle  Duvernay 
Mme.  d* Aplomb  . 
Mme.  Pomponne 
Jeanette      .    .     . 

.  Louisa  Moore 

Emily  Mestajcr 

Mrs.  John  Sera 

.    Fanny  Greai 

Col.  Frank  £pee  ....      C.  Fisher 

Blanquet T.  H.  Stoddart 

Eugene B.  T.  Ringeold 

Victor  de  Courcy      .     .    C.  Wyndnam 
Troop  Sergt.  Major  Mustache 

J.  C.  Williamson 

May  23  "The  Rent  Day"  and  "Is  He  Jealous?"  were  given; 
May  24,  28,  "The  Love  Chase;"  May  25,  27,  "Americans  in 
Paris"  and  "Trying  It  On;"  May  30,  "The  Honeymoon;"  and 
May  31.  "Married  Life;"  June  i  "Love's  Sacrifice"  was  revived; 
June  3,  "The  Rent  Day"  and  "Is  He  Jealous?  "  matinee  June  4, 
"Americans  in  Paris"  and  "Trying  It  On."  The  season  closed 
evening  June  4  with  "Love's  Sacrifice."  June  6  John  Brougfaam 
began  a  summer  term  under  Theo.  Moss'  management,  in  "The 
Red  Light,  or  the  Signal  of  Danger,"  which  had  this  cast: 

Edmund  Macdermot,  John  Brougham 
Paul  Maynard  (first  appearance 

here) C.  W.  Barry 

Dr.  Bayne Chas.  Fisher 

Jehoshaphat  Sharkey  .  J.  H.  Stoddart 
John  Steele  (first  appearance 

here) Joseph  Sefton 

Martin W.  J.  Leooani 

Annie  Steele Lixzie  Price 

Lady  Arlington    .     .    .    Annie  DefauMi 
Mrs.  Holmes  .     .     .     Emily  Mestajftr 

Servant J.  Ped 

Mary  Steele     .     .    .       Carrie  Jamifoa 

A  matinee   performance  was  given  June  7  for  the  benefit  of 
Edmund  Falconer,  dramatist  and  actor.     The  bill  consisted  of  the 



act  of  ^  Hamlet, '*  with  Chas.  Pechter  as  the  Prince,  John 
lam  as  Polonius,  Falconer  as  the  Pirst  Actor,  Milnes  Levick 
King,  Mrs.  Melinda  Jones  as  Gertrude,  and  Gu'lotta  Leclercq 
elia;  ^Customs  of  the  Country,"  by  Mrs.  Barney  Williams, 
I  Mordaunt,  John  Jack,  C.  H.  VandenhoflF,  and  Pred  Maeder; 
t  from  ''As  You  Like  It,"  by  J.  W.  Wallack,  Geoi^  Clarke, 
itzgerald«  and  James  Dunn;  a  recitation,  ''Anne  Hathaway," 
.  Palconer,  and  ''A  Sheep  in  Wolfs  Clothinff."    The  bst 

was  cast  as  follows:  Percy  Kirk,  Milnes  Levick;  Lord 
lill,    M.   W.    Haviland;   Jasper   Carew,    L.   R.   Shewell; 

Chedzoy,  Robert  Pateman;  Corp.  PlintoflF,  E.  T.  Sin- 
John  Hayland,  M.  Daly;  Anne  Carew,  Carlotta  Leclercq; 
I  Mapletop,  Emma  Skerrett  **  Minnie's  Luck,  or  the  Ups 
»wns  of  City  Life,"  by  Brougham,  written  for  Leona  Cav- 
was  first  acted  June  27,  and  £ul  this  cast : 

Fryer      .    . 
edeck  Moggi, 
Q'Flynn  . 
vatio  Pryer 
m    .    .    . 
iTrexford  . 
4ck      .    . 
Ryan  .    . 

John  Brougham 
J.  H.  Stoddart 
.  Joseph  Sefton 
Leona  Cavender 
.  Annie  Deland 
Emily  Mestayer 
Marion  Mordannt 
.  .  C.  Fisher 
.  C.  W.  Barry 
Lizzie  Price 
.    .    .  Leonard 

Mike  MoUijgan Qaigley 

Denis  Dooian Blankman 

Bart  HoUinn J?*^^*^ 

Mat  Maffuffin WnUams 

Hans  MH^leman     .    •    •    Gaabriag 

Matthew Pttt 

Patrick Cnrran 

The  Kitten      ....     Miss  Fowler 

Jane Miss  Haydsn 

Bridget Miss  Rowe 

la  Cavender  closed  July  9,  and  was  followed  July  11  by 

K.  Emmet,  who  began  his  first  New  York  engagement  as 

latic  star.     He  was  under  en^ragement  to  Charles  Gayler, 

rote  a  play  for  him  called  ''Fritz,  Our  Cousin  German.** 

the  following  cast:  CoL  Crafton,  Chas.  Fisher;  Robbit, 

Ringgold;    Bloker,   J.    C.    Williamson;   Smasher,   W.    J. 

d;  Adolphus  Jenkins,  E.  M.  Holland;  Judge  Griffin,  J.  C 

t ;  Lawver  Grim,  Charles  Rockwell ;  Emmet  as  Fritz  Van- 

kinsloffen,  Minnie  Maddem  as  Little  Fritz,  Georgie  Langley 

rina,  Gussie  Chambers  as  Moppy,  and  Emily  Mestayer  as 


season  of  1 870-7 1  commenced  Sept.  2a  The  company  was 
rougham,  John  Gilbert,  George  Clarke,  Chas.  Fisher,  J.  H. 
rt,  Owen  Marlowe,  B.  T.  Ringgold,  Chas.  Rockwell,  J.  C. 
ison,  M.  Lanagan,  W.  J.  Leonard,  J.  Curran,  E.  M.  Hol- 
.  Peck,  Lester  Wallack,  Madeline  Henriques,  Effie  Germon, 
ohn  Sefton,  Annie  Deland,  Mrs.  Thomas  Barry,  Emily 
er,  Helen  Tracy,  Flora  Clayton,  the  Misses  Rowe,  McCor- 
fames  Fowler,  Hayden,  and  Blaisdell.  **  The  Rirals  "  was 
or  the  opening  bill  of  the  season  with  this  cast : 

274      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       DSyi 

Sir  Anthony  Absolute  .  John  Gilbert 
Capt.  Absolute  (first  appearance 

here) Geo.  Clarke 

Lvdia  Languish  .  Madeline  Henriques 
Mrs.  Malaprop  .  .  Emily  Mestayer 
Julia  (first  appearance  at  this 

theatre) Helen  Tracy 

Boy    .     . 
Lucy  .     . 
Sir  Lucius 
Fag    .     . 

B.  T.  Rioegold 

.  Master  Heme 

•  Annie  Deland 

John  Brougham 

J.  H.  Stoddait 

J.  C.  Williamsoo 

£.  M.  Holland 

James  Alberry's  comedy,  "The  Two  Roses,"  was  produced  Oct 
lo,  and  thus  cast : 

Our  Mr.  Jenkins  .  .  .  T.  H.  Stoddart 
Ida  (first  appearance  in  tnis 

city)  ....  Mrs.  Thomas  Barry 
Fumival  (first  appearance 

here) M.  Lanagan 

Mrs.  Jenkins  .     .     .     Emily  Mestayer 

This  play  proving  a  failure,  gave  place,  Nov.  2  to  "  The  Serious 
Family,"  with  this  cast: 

Mrs.  Cupps 
Digby  Grant 
John  Wyatt 
Caleb     .     . 
Lottie     .    • 

Mrs.  John  Seftoo 

Chas.  Fisher 

Geo.  Clarke 

Owen  Marlowe 

£ffie  GennoQ 

Capt  Murphy  Maguire 

John  Brougham 
Chas.  Torrens  .  .  .  George  Clarke 
Aminadab  Sleek  .  .  .  J.  H.  Stoddart 
Widow  Dalmaine,  Madeline  Henriques 

Lady  Sowerby  Creamley 

Mrs.  John  Seftoo 
Mrs.  Chas.  Torrens,    Mrs.  Thos.  Banj 

Frank C.  Rockwell 

Emma Helen  Tncj 

Mme.  Seebach  gave  a  matinee  performance,  Nov.  5  of  "Adri- 
enne  Lecouvreur;"  "The  Road  to  Ruin  "  was  done  Nov.  14;  Nov. 
21,  "  The  School  for  Scandal ; "  and  Nov.  28,  "  Caste. "  The  comedy, 
"Coquettes,"  was  acted  for  the  first  time  in  America  Dec  7.  It 
was  originally  produced  in  England  as  "The  Two  Thorns;"  the 
cast  here  was : 

Sir  Kid  Parkhouse 
Arthur  Minton  . 
Bates  Curling  .  . 
Frank  Parkhouse 
Mrs.  Minton  .  . 
Lord  Leyton  .  . 
Adolphus  .  .  . 
Jones      .... 

.     .  £.  Coleman 

John  Brougham 

B.  T.  Ringgold 

Chas.  Rockwell 

Miss  Henriques 

M.  Lana^n 

Chas.  Fisher 

Owen  Marlowe 

Servant J.  Peck 

Charmian Miss  Ha3rdei 

Mrs.  Crome     ....     Miss  Fowler 

Lillian Helen  Tracy 

Fanny Effie  Germoo 

Gardner J.  F.  Quigley 

Rogers W.  J.  Leooud 

It  was  a  failure,  and  was  shelved  Dec.  27  and  the  old  comedies 
resumed.  "The  Heir  at  Law"  was  given  Dec.  27.  "War"  (T. 
W.  Robertson's  play)  was  first  acted  in  this  country  Jaa.  3,  1871, 
and  had  this  cast : 

Col.  de  Rochevannes 
Herr  Karl  Hartmann 
Lotte  Hartmann  .     . 

Chas.  Fisher 

John  Gilbert 

Miss  Henriques 

Oscar Oca  Clarke 

Capt.  Sound     .     .    .    John  Brougban 
Blanche Helen  Tnqf 

Lester  Wallack's  first  appearance  this  season  was  made  Jan.  16 
as  Ruy  Gomez  in  "Faint  Heart  Never  Won  Fair  Lady,"  and  Sir 
Charles  Coldstream  in  "Used  Up."    This  little  comedy  was  first 




{Mtxluced  by  William  Mitchell  at  the  Old  Olympic,  in  1846,  Charles 
Walcot  playing  Sir  Charles  as  it  never  has  since  been  played  in 
this  country,  excepting,  of  course,  by  Mr.  Charles  Mathews. 

Jan.  19  a  benefit  matinee  performance  was  given  for  the  widow 
and  children  of  George  Holland.  ''The  Clandestine  Marriage" 
was  played  Feb.  4.  Geo.  Clarke  retired  from  the  theatre  Feb.  8. 
"Home"  was  revived  Feb.  21,  and  "Blue  Devils"  was  given  the 
same  night ;  March  2  "  Romance  and  Reality  "  was  presented  with 
M.  Lanagan  as  Oliver;  John  Gilbert,  Asper;  Owen  Marlowe, 
Frank  Meredith;  Brougham,  Jack  Swift;  Mrs.  Thos.  Barry, 
Rosabel;  Emily  Mestaver,  Barbara,  and  Efiie  Germon,  Blossom. 
Robertson's  comedy,  ^' Birth,"  was  first  acted  in  this  country 
March  27,  and  had  this  cast: 

Earle  of  Eagledyffe  .    .    .     C.  Fisher 
The  Duke  ....  J.  C.  Williamson 

SUntOD W.  J.  Leonard 

Paul  Hewitt    ...      B.  T.  Rins;gold 

Adelixa  Storaiont 
Sara  Hewitt  .  . 
Jack  Randall  .    . 

.  .  Helen  Tracy 
•  Mrs.  Thos.  Barry 
.     Lester  Wallack 


The  Nervous  Man  "  was  produced  April  i,  with  this  cast: 

McShane   •    •    •    •     John  Brougham 

Vivian M.  Lanagan 

Biggs £.  M.  HoUand 

Mrs.  Qarkett  ....  Annie  Deland 

Aspen John  Gilbert 

Capt.  Burnish      ...      C.  Rockwell 
Lord  Lounge  ...      B.  T.  Ringgold 

Emily Flora  Clayton 

Lady  Leech    •    •    .  Mrs.  John  Sefton 

This  comedy  at  one  time  was  very  popular,  but  of  late  years 
is  seldom  acted.  Its  popularity  was  due  chiefly  to  that  of  the 
comedian  personating  McShane,  the  Man  of  Nerve,  who  generally 
was  a  star  Irish  comedian.  It  is  associated  in  the  memory  of  the 
old  playgoer  with  the  names  of  Tyrone  Power,  Leonard,  John 
Collins,  Hudson,  and  John  Drew.  When  these  artists  played  in 
it,  the  part  of  Aspen,  the  Nervous  Man,  was  secondary,  and  I  be- 
lieve it  was  reserved  for  Wm.  Rufus  Blake  to  make  it  the  one  of 
primary  importance,  in  spite  of  the  talent  of  Mr.  Brougham,  who 
played  McShane. 

Foote's  comedy,  "The  Liar,"  was  first  seen  here  April  13  and 
had  this  cast : 

Sir  James  .  . 
Papillion  .  . 
Miss  Grantham 
Miss  Godfrey  . 

Owen  Marlowe 
.  J.  C.  Williamson 

Clara  Jennings 
.    Emily  Mestayer 

Old  Wilding  ....  John  Gilbert 
Young  Wilding  .  .  Lester  Wallack 
William J.  F.  Quigley 

TTiis  was  followed  by  "His  Last  Legs,"  with  John  Brougham  as 
O'Callaghan.  W.  S.  Gilbert's  "Randall's  Thumb,"  was  first  seen 
bere  May  8,  and  thus  cast : 

Scantlebury      ....     John  Gilbert 

Randall Chas.  Fisher 

Flamboys  ....  Owen  Marlowe 
Joe  Bangles  ...  J.  H.  Stoddart 
Mn.  Flamboys    .    .    •    Effie  Germon 

Superintendent    . 
Edith  Temple 
Miss  Scantlebury 
Reginald     .    .    . 
Miss  Spin  •    .    . 

W.  J.  Leonard 

Clara  Jennings 

Mrs.  John  Sefton 

B.  T.  Ringgold 

Emily  Mestayer 

276      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [ityi 

Brougham's  ''  Playing  with  Fire  "  was  produced  May  22»  and  had 
this  cast : 

Herbert  Waverly .  .  .  C.  Rockwell 
Doctor  Savage  .  .  John  Brougham 
Mrs.  Waverly •  .  .Mrs.  Thos.  Barry 
Mrs.  Doctor  Savage .    .    Effie  GermoD 

Uncle  Timothy     .     .     .     John  Gilbert 

Pinchback J.  H.  Stoddart 

Widow Mrs.  John  Seftoo 

Perkins Miss  Blaisddl 


Rosedale  "  was  revived  May  29,  and  thus  cast : 

Elliott  Gray     .     . 

Miles  McICenna  . 

Bnnberry  Cobb    .     . 

Bfathew  Leish 

Cavendish  May    .     .     C.  H.  Rod 

Sir  Arthur NeUie  Hurd 

Romany J.  F.  Quigley 

Fanner  Green      .    .    .  W.  J.  Leonard 
Corpcnral  Daw.    .     .     .  E.  M.  Holland 

Lester  Wallack 
.  John  Gilbert 
.J.  H.  Stoddart 

B.  T.  Rinegold 

Tabitha  Stork 
Sarah  Sykes 
Lady  Adelia 
Primrose    . 
Docksey     . 
Robert  .     . 
Rosa  Leigh 
Lady  Mary 
Mother  Mix 

Emily  Mestaycr 

Mrs.  John  Sefton 

.    Annie  Deland 

Miss  Benton 

....    Peck 

.     .     .   Danvefs 

Effie  Gennon 

.  Clara  Jenninf^ 

.    MissBlaisdeQ 

"The  Long  Strike"  commenced  the  summer  season  June  21, 
with  Mr.  Stoddart  as  Moneypenny  and  Effie  Germon  as  Jane  Lea- 
royd.  "  Elfie,  or  the  Cherry  Tree  Inn  "  was  first  seen  here  July 
10,  and  had  this  cast : 

Aircastle    (first   appear- 
ance here)    .     .     .     .C.   Wheatleigh 
Ledley  Deepcar    .     .    .     C.  Rockwell 
Bob  Evans  (first  appear- 
ance here) Teesdale 

Warkinshaw    .     .    .     .  W.  J.  Leonard 

Elfie Effie  Germon 

Rose  Aircastle      .     .     .      Lizzie  Price 

Filey B.  T.  RinggoU 

Sadlove J.  H.  Stoddart 

Joe  Chirrup C.  Fisher 

Shelby Qp^^ 

Parker J.  Peck 

Pemberton Jones 

Blacksmith Princeps 

Aug.  14  witnessed  the  first  appearance  at  this  house  of  the 
Lydia  Thompson  burlesque  company,  consisting  of  Hetty  Tracy, 
Camille  Dubois,  Carlotta  Zerbini,  Tilly  Earl,  Lotta  Mira,  Kate 
Egerton,  Kate  Heathcote,  Nellie  Cooke,  Harry  Beckett,  Willie 
Edouin,  H.  Montgomery,  John  Edouin,  John  Bryer,  and  Lydia 
Thompson.  Michael  Connolly  was  the  musical  director.  Sept 
II  "TTie  Princess  of  Trezibonde"  was  produced,  and  was  followed 
by  "Bluebeard,"  Sept.  18,  for  Lydia  Thompson's  benefit  "Lur- 
Imc,  or  the  Knight  and  the  Naiads"  and  "A  Day  in  Paris"  were 
acted  Sept.  22.  The  same  bill  was  repeated  Sept.  23,  when  the 
season  closed. 

The  next  regular  season  opened  Sept  30,  1871.  The  company 
consisted  of  Charles  Mathews,  Lester  Wallack,  John  BroughaiOi 
Chas.  Fisher,  J.  B.  Polk,  John  Gilbert,  J.  H.  Stoddart,  W.  H. 
Montgomery,  Chas.  Rockwell,  W.  J.  Leonard,  J.  Peck,  J.  Curran, 
B,  T.  Ringgold,  Geo.  F.  Browne,  E.  M.  Holland,  J.  F.  Quigley, 
Plessy  Mordaunt,  Clara  Jennings,  Emily  Mestayer,  Helen  Tracy, 
Effie  Germon,  Mrs.  John  Sefton,  Mary  Lenoyle,  Estelle  Rowc, 




Sir  Anthony     . 

.     .     .     John  Gilbert 

Bob  Acres  .     . 

.     .     .  J.  H.  Stoddart 

David     .     .     . 

.  W.  H.  Montgomery 
.    .       £.  M.  Holland 

Fag   .... 

Thomas .     .     . 

.     .       W.  J.  Leonard 

Sir  Lucius  .    . 

•    .     John  Brougham 

Blanche  Hayden,  Flora  Clayton,  Miss  L.  McCormick,  and  Miss 
Langdon.  John  Gilbert  was  acting  manager,  and  James  Schonberg 
stage  director.     ''The  Rivals  "  was  the  initial  performance. 

Mrs.  Malaprop  .  .  Emily  Mestayer 
Lydia  Languish  .  .  .  Clara  Jenninn 
Captain  Absolute  .  .  .  J.  B.  Polk 
Faulkland  ....      B.  T.  Rinegold 

Julia Helen  Tracy 

Lucy Estelle  Rowe 

Oct.  3  "The  Heir  at  Law"  was  played,  and  Oct.  4,  "The 
Serious  Family."  Miss  Plessy  Mordaunt,  leading  lady,  made 
her  American  d^but  Oct.  9  as  Mrs.  Oakley,  in  "The  Jealous 
Wife."  Charles  Mathews'  first  appearance  in  this  theatre  oc- 
curred Oct  16  in  "A  Curious  Case,"  the  cast  of  which  was: 
Twiggleton,  Chas.  Mathews;  Mr.  Aubrey,  Chas.  Fisher;  Charles 
Stanton,  Charles  Rockwell;  Edward,  R  M.  Holland;  and  Mrs. 
Aubrey,  Clara  Jennings.  "A  Game  of  Speculation,"  by  Chas. 
Mathews,  was  also  played,  with  Mathews  as  Affable  Hawk.  "  Ag- 
gravating Sam"  and  "The  Nervous  Man"  were  seen  Oct.  23. 
*•  The  Busybody  "  was  given  Oct  30  for  the  first  time  in  many 
years,  and  had  this  cast: 

Marplot .     .    ^     .     .      Chas.  Mathews 
Sir  Jealous  Troffick  .     John  Brougham 
Sir  Francis  Gripe     .     .      John  Gilbert 
Iiabinda  (her  first  appearance 
at  this  theatre)  .     Henrietta  Osborne 

Miranda     ....   Plessy  Mordannt 

Sir  George J.  B.  Polk 

Charles B.  T.  Ringgold 

Whisker     ....       £.  M.  Holkuid 
Patch Effie  Germon 

Nov.  I  a  matinee  performance  took  place  for  the  benefit  of  those 
iflFering  from  the  Chicago  fire.  "The  Lady  of  Lyons "  was  acted, 
id  thus  cast : 

inde  Melnotte  . 
ne.  Deschapelles 
dow  Melnotte . 

Deschapelles  . 

,  Daroas      .     . 

.  Chas.  Fechter 

Mrs.  John  Scfton 

Mme.  Ponisi 

.  W.  J.  Leonard 

John  Gilbert 

Pauline  . 
Glavis     . 

.     .     .  Lizzie  Price 

.     .       C.  Rockwell 

B.  T.  Ringgold 

W.  H.  Montgomery 

.    Geo.  F.  Browne 

The  Critic,  or  A  Tragedy  Rehearsed  "  was  presented  Nov.  6, 
thus  cast : 

'rctful  and  PufI .      Chas.  Mathews 

irina Effie  (iermon 

dante  ....  Mrs.  John  Sefton 

C.  Rockwell 

iristopher    .  W.  H.  Montgomery 

Earl  of  Leicester 
Mrs.  Dangle    . 
Dangle  .     .     . 
Beefeater    .     . 

.  .  W.  B.  Polk 
.  Miss  Blaisdell 

B.  T.  Ringgold 
Geo.  F.  Browne 

E.  M.  Holland 

i  Nice  Firm  "  was  acted  Nov.  7  and  continued  throughout 
eck.  "Rosedalc"  was  revived  Nov.  13,  with  Mme.  Ponisi 
3itha  Stork,  and  Isidore  Cameron  as  Lady  Adela  Gray,  and 

278     A     HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D»7« 

her  first  appearance  at  this  house.  "  John  Garth, "  by  John  Brougham, 
founded  on  T.  W.  Robertson's  novel,  "True  to  Herself,"  was  acted 
for  the  first  time  Dec  12,  and  had  this  cast: 

Gregory  Deerham 
Hester  Deerham  . 
Minnie  Garth  .     . 
Mere  Charmarante, 
John  Garth .     .     . 

.     John  Gilbert 

Plessy  Mordaunt 

Clara  Jennings 

Mrs.  John  Sefton 

Lester  Wallack 

Maria     ....      Lillie  McConnadc 

Paulo C.  Fisher 

Bartholomew J.  B.  Polk 

Owen £.  M.  Holland 

During  the  first  week  of  January,  1872,  John  Gilbert  had  an 
attack  of  the  gout,  and  his  rdle  was  played  by  John  Brougham. 
In  a  few  days  Brougham  was  similarly  attacked,  and  the  rdle  was 
taken  by  Chas.  Rockwell.  This  play  was  taken  off  on  Feb.  12 
and  after  a  long  and  elaborate  preparation  Lester  Wallack's  drama, 
in  six  tableaux,  entitled  "The  Veteran,"  was  revived  for  the  first 
time  in  thirteen  years.     It  was  thus  cast : 

Leon  Delmar  .  .  .  Lester  Wallack 
The  Emir  Mohammed  .  .  C.  Fisher 
Col.  Delmar     ....     John  Gilbert 

Blanche Effie  Germon 

Mrs.  McShake     .     .     .     Mme.  Ponisi 

Amineh Clara  Jennings 

The  Sultan C.  Rockwell 

Off-an-Agan     ....     J.  Broufi;ham 

Hassan E.  M.  Holland 

Gulnare Helen  Tracy 

Bison     .     .     .     Master  Geo.  Goodwin 

Eugene  Leslie J.  B.  Polk 

Capt.  Belmont Jenson 

Lieut.  Morton Thomas 

Lieut.  Lorimer Bartoo 

Ser^t.  Simpson Peck 

Seyd Arnold 

Osman James 

Ogion W.  J.  Leonard 

Mustapha Geo.  Browne 

Zaida Miss  Burroughs 

Charles  Mathews  reappeared  April  18  in  "London  Assurance:" 

Sir  Harcourt    ....     John  Gilbert 

Dazzle Chas.  Mathews 

Spanker J.  B.  Polk 

Mark  Meddle  ....  J.  H.  Stoddart 
Lady  Gay    ....   Plessy  Mordaunt 

Grace Helen  Tracy 

Max John  Brougham 

Charles Lester  WalladE 

Cool E.  M.  Holland 

Pert Mrs.  John  Sefton 

May  8  a  matin6e  benefit  was  given  in  aid  of  the  Homoeopathic 
Surgical  Hospital  fund ;  Fanny  Foster  made  her  first  appearance 
on  any  stage  May  9  as  Grace  Harkaway.  "London  Assurance" 
was  kept  on  the  boards  to  large  audiences  until  May  27,  when 
"Home'*  and  "The  Critic*'  were  acted.  For  his  farewell  benefit 
Charles  Mathews  presented  "  The  Captain  of  the  Watch "  and 
"Not  Such  a  Fool  as  He  Looks."  He  acted  Simple  Simon  in 
the  latter  play.     This  closed  the  season. 

The  manner  in  which  Charles  Mathews  was  engaged  to  play  in 
the  regular  company  is  worthy  of  mention.  While  acting  at  Daly's 
Fifth  Avenue  Theatre  he  came  to  Wallack  and  said:  "I  want  an 
appearance  at  your  theatre."  "  But  you  know  we  never  star  people 
at  our  house,"  replied  Mr.  Wallack.  "I  don't  care;  I  want  to 
appear,  and  I  am  willing  to  go  in  your  regular  company.    Make 




me  an  offer,"  persisted  Mathews.  "Oh,  I  can't  do  that,"  said 
Wallack.  " How  much  do  you  want ? "  "I  will  leave  it  entirely 
to  you,"  replied  Mathews,  and  subsequently  it  was  arranged  that 
he  should  be  paid  a  salary  of  1^500  a  week.  This  salary  was  paid 
him  a  number  of  weeks  before  it  was  possible  to  give  him  an  ap- 
pearance. It  is  memorable  that  in  "  London  Assurance,"  he,  Lester 
Wallack,  and  John  Gilbert  appeared  together  on  one  stage. 

June  3  a  summer  season  was  opened  with  "The  Long  Strike,"  J. 
H.  Stoddart  as  Moneypenny,  Welsh  Edwards  as  Crankshaw,  and 
Effie  Germon  as  Jane  Learoyd.  Watts  Phillips'  "On  the  Jury" 
was  first  seen  here  June  17,  and  had  this  cast: 

Dexter  Sanderson  .  .  .  Brougham 
Robert  Sanderson  .  .  .  Ringgold 
Edith  (first  appearance  here) 

Ella  Bums 
Miss  Nippingale  .     .  Mrs.  John  Sefton 
Miss  Winch  (first  appearance 
at  this  theatre) .     .     .   Carrie  Martin 

Rosa  (first  appearance  bere^ 

Frankie  McClellan 
Tibbetts     ....        Charles  Fisher 

Prof.  Schmidt Stoddart 

Curlett Rockwell 

Waterman Holland 

Tilda Effie  Germon 

"  The  Last  Trump  Card  "  had  its  first  hearing  here  July  i,  and 
with  this  cast : 

Vicompte  De  Noirmount  .  C.  Fisher 
Sir  Slingsby  Sorrell,  W.  H.  Montgomery 
Lady  Sorrell  .  .  .  Mrs.  John  Sefton 
Alice  Walsingham  .  .  .  Ella  Bums 
Cecillia  Thornton  .  Mrs.  Thos.  Barry 
Cecil  Seagift  ...      B.  T.  Ringgold 

Rebecca  Beak      .    •    .    Effie  Germon 
Jabez  Jubal     .     .     .     .  J.  H.  Stoddart 

Sykes C  Rockwell 

Chickweed      .    .    •    .  £.  M.  Holland 

Hopper W.  J.  Leonard 

Martha Miss  Blaisdell 

"The  Long  Strike"  July  15,  1872,  and  continued  throughout 
the  week.  A  summer  season  commenced  July  22  with  the  Lydia 
Thompson  burlesque  company,  consisting  of  Harry  Beckett, 
Willie  Edouin,  Eliza  Weathersby,  Amy  Sheridan,  Louise  Beverly, 
Camille  Dubois,  Tilly  Earle,  Harriet  Courtney,  Pauline  Leslie, 
Mrs.  Brier,  Fanny  Leslie,  and  Lydia  Thompson.  Michael  Con- 
nolly was  musical  director.  "  Robin  Hood  "  was  the  opening  bur- 
lesque. "  Ixion  "  was  revived  Sept.  2,  with  the  first  appearance  of 
Rose  Coghlan  as  Jupiter.  The  comedietta,  "A  Happy  Pair,"  pre- 
ceded the  burlesque,  in  which  Rose  Coghlan  made  her  American 
dc^but,  acting  Mrs.  Honeyton,  with  Edmund  Leathes  as  Mr. 
Honeyton.  "Kenilworth"  was  done  Sept.  21,  and  the  season 
closed  Sept   28. 

The  regular  season  of  1872-73  opened  Oct  i.  The  company 
was:  Geo.  Boniface,  J.  H.  Stoddart,  J.  B,  Polk,  E.  M.  Holland, 
Geo.  F.  Browne,  Katharine  Rogers,  Edith  Challis,  Mrs.  Fanny 
Foster,  Mme.  Ponisi,  E.  A.  Sothern,  W.  J.  Leonard,  J.  Peck,  John 
W.  Carroll,  C.  E.  Edwin,  Rose  Coghlan,  Miss  Blaisdell,  Miss 
McCormack,  John  Gilbert,  Effie  Germon,  Mrs.  John  Sefton,  Thomas 
Baker,   musical   director,  John   Gilbert,   acting  manager,   James 

28o      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       D«n 

Schonberg,  stage  director,  J.  S.  Wright,  prompter,  and  Theo.  Moss, 
treasurer.  W.  S.  Gilbert's  "Pygmalion  and  Galatea,"  given  for 
the  first  time  in  America,  was  the  opening  bill,  and  had  this 

Pygmalion  (first  appearance 

at  this  theatre)  .  .  .  G.  Boniface 
Galatea  (first  appearance 

in  this  city)  .  .  Katharine  Rogers 
Cynisca  (first  appearance  at 

this  theatre)      .    .    .    Edith  Challis 

Chrysos J.  H.  Stoddait 

Mjrrine Fanny  Foster 

Leucippe J.  B.  Polk 

Aeensimos      .    .    .    .  E.  M.  Holland 

Mimos Geo.  F.  Browne 

Dophine Mme.  Ponin 

This  was  not  Katharine  Rogers'  d^but  in  America,  as  she  had 
appeared  at  Philadelphia  as  Georgina,  in  "Our  American  Cousin," 
Sept.  2,  1872,  at  the  Walnut  Street  Theatre,  in  E.  A.  Sothem's 
company.  Max  Maretzek  commenced  a  series  of  concerts  Sunday 
evening,  Nov.  3.  "Pygmalion  and  Galatea"  was  played  until 
Nov.  II,  when  E.  A.  Sothem  appeared  in  "Our  American 
Cousin,"  which  had  this  cast: 

Lord  Dundreary  . 
Asa  Trenchard    . 
Lieut.  Vernon 
Capt  De  Boots    . 
May  Meredith 
Sir  Edward  Trenchard, 
Florence  Trenchard 

.  .  Sothem 
.     T.  B.  Polk 

E.  M.  Holland 
.  .  J.  Peck 
Rose  Coghlan 

W.  J.  Leonard 
Fanny  Foster 

Mrs.  Montchessington .      Mme. 

Coyle John  W.  Carroll 

.J.  H.  Stoddart 

Geo.  F.  Browne 

C.  £•  Edwia 

Katharine  Rogen 

Abel  Murcott 
Binney  .     . 
Georgina    . 

Dec.  21  "Brother  Sam"  was  produced: 



Trimbush J.  B.Polk 

Hon.  Sam  Slinesby  .... 
Jonathan  Rumbelow     .      John  Gilbert 

Mrs.  Trimbush 
Alice     .     .     . 

Effie  GemoD 
Rose  Cogblan 

"David  Garrick  "  was  seen  Feb.  8,  1873: 

Ada  Ingot      .     .     .  Katharine  Roeers 
Araminta  Brown      .     .     .  Mrs.  Selton 

David  Garrick Sothem 

Mrs.  Smith     ....      Mme.  Ponisi 

Simon  Ingot  ....       John  Gilbert 
Squire  Chivey     ....      J.  B.  Polk 

Smith Geo.  F.  BrowDe 

Jones E.  M.  HdUnd 

April  3  "  David  Garrick  "  and  "  Dundreary  Married  and  Settled 
were  presented.     The  latter  play  had  this  cast : 

Lord  Dundreary      ....     Sothem 
D.  R.  Boots  .     .     .     .    E.  M.  Holland 

Buggins G.  F.  Browne 

Abel  Murcott  (first  appear- 
ance here)  ....       C.  B.  Bishop 

Sir  Edward  ....  J.  W.  Canott 
Lady  Dundrearv  .  .  Rose  Coghlaii 
Lady  Trenchara  .  .  Mme.  Ponisi 
Asa  Trenchard  ....      J.  B.  Polk 

"  David  Garrick  "  was  acted  for  the  eighty-fifth  time  (mating) 
May  3.  At  night  "The  Squire's  Last  Shilling"  was  first  played, 
and  with  this  cast : 




Charles  Chuckles  .  .  £.  A.  Sothern 
Roderick  Gresbam  ...  J.  B.  Polk 
Jabez  Grindrod  .  .  .  .  C.  B.  Bishop 
Farmer  Hodges  .  .  G.  F.  Browne 
Malvina  (first  appearance 
here)     ....   Imogene  Vandyke 

Rachel  Grindrod 
David  Brandon  . 
Clinch  .  .  .  . 
Polly  Greville  . 
Lady  Logwood  . 

Katharine  Rogers 
...  J.  Carroll 
.  E.  M.  Holland 
Effie  Germon 
.    .  Mme.  Ponisi 

After  May  31  there  was  a  constant  change  of  bilU  as  follows: 
May  22,  "Our  American  Cousin,"  which  had  eight  performances; 
May  29,  "Brother  Sam"  and  "Dundreary  Married  and  Settled," 
four  times,  and  Sothern  closed  his  engagement  May  31.  "Mora, 
or  the  Golden  Fetters,"  by  Boucicault,  was  acted  June  3  for  the 
first  time  on  any  stage,  and  had  this  cast: 

Mora Katharine  Rogers 

Paul  Schuyler Allerton 

Bella  Guppy  ....  Effie  Germon 
Jud^  Cutts  ....  O.  S.  Fawcett 
Philo  Gnpp^(d^bttthereX  A.  D.  Bradley 
Ex-Judge  Conover  .     .     .   W.  H.  Pope 

Chancey  Sickfokl   .     .     Milnes  Levick 
Larry  Suydam    ...     G.  H.  Griffith 

Sally MissBUisdeU 

OpheUa Mary  Wells 

Lisha Joseph  Wneelock 

"Mimi,"  one  of  Boucicault 's  "emotional"  plays,  was  produced 
for  the  first  time  early  in  July,  and  was  thus  cast: 

Maurice Boucicault 

Durosel A.  D.  Bradley 

Max  Porleson    .     .     .     .  W.  H.  Crisp 
Schneider      ....      John  Howson 

Collinet B.  T.  Ringgold 

Oicot Ed.  Lamh 

Fanny  Foster 

Mme.  Darhlay  .     .    . 

Second  Officer G.  Qarlce 

Mimi Katharine  Rogers 

Rifi^olette Effie  Germon 

SaTope Miss  Vandyke 

Rosalie Mary  WeUs 

This  was  the  first  appearance  at  this  theatre  of  W.  H.  Crisp  and 
John  Howson. 

The   season  of  1873-74  opened  Sept.  15.     The  company  was  as 
follows:  John  Gilbert,  W.  R.  Floyd,  J.  W.  Carroll,  T  E.  Mills, 
W.  J.   Leonard,  J.  Peck,   Harry  Beckett,  J.  B.  Polk,   E.  M.   Hol- 
land, George  Browne,  C.  E.  Edwin,  J.  Curran,  Mrs.  John  Sefton, 
Mrrte.    Ponisi,   Rose  Coghlan,   Dora  Goldthwaite,  Kate  Bartlett, 
McCormack,  Burroughs,   Effie  Germon,   Blaisdell,  Estelle  Rowe, 
Everette,  Jeanie  Ross,  Clara  Bate;  acting  manager,  John  Gilbert; 
stage  director,  W.  R.  Floyd;  prompter,  J.   S.  Wright;  treasurer, 
Theo.  Moss;  and  musical  director,  Thomas  Baker.     Mr.  Sothern 
was  the  star  attraction,  and    the  opening  plays  were  "Barwise's 
Book"  and  "The  Burrampooter. "     Oct.  11  Saivini  and  his  Italian 
company  performed  "Othello"  at  the  matinee.     Saivini  appeared 
in  "Francesca  da  Rimini"  at  the  matinee,  Oct.  18.     In  the  evcn- 
'ng"Our  American  Cousin"  was  revived,  and  ran  until  Oct.  27, 
)^'hen  Lester  Wallack  made  his  first  appearance  in  two  years,  act- 
^^k^  in  "  She  Stoops  to  Conquer,"  which  gave  place  on  Nov.  10  to 

282      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Daw 

"Ours,"  in  which  Edward  J.  Araott,  from  the  Haymarket  Theatre, 
London,  made  his  American  d6but,  playing  Lieut.  Angus  McAl- 
lister. "  Ours  "  was  withdrawn  after  the  matinee  of  Nov.  22,  and 
in  the  evening  "The  Liar"  was  revived,  and  Miss  Je£Freys  Lewis, 
who  had  been  added  to  the  company,  made  her  first  appearance  as 
Miss  Grantham.  The  comedy  was  preceded  by  "To  Oblige  Ben- 
son." On  the  evenings  of  Nov.  9,  16,  and  30,  concerts  were  given 
by  members  of  the  Strakosch  Italian  opera  company. 

On  Dec.  8  "Home"  and  "Ici  TOn  Parle  Frangais"  were  seen, 
and  ran  throughout  that  week ;  Dec.  15,  19,  "She  Stoops  to  Con- 
quer;" Dec.  16,  "Ours;"  Dec.  17,  "The  Liar;"  Dec  18,  "Home" 
and  "Ici  TOn  Parle  Frangais."     Boucicault's  new  comedy  of  "A 
Man  of  Honor"  had  its  first  hearing  Dec.  22.     On  Jan.  17,  1874, 
"The  Man  of  Honor"  was  withdrawn,  and  Jan.    17  "Money"  — 
with  the  gambling  scene  restored  —  was  revived,  in  which  John 
Brougham  made  his  first  appearance  in  two  years.     March  7  "The 
Heir  at  Law  "  was  announced,  for  the  reappearance  of  John  Gil- 
bert after  a  long  illness;  but,  owing  to  the  indisposition  of  John 
Brougham,  "  Money  "  was  continued,  and  John  Gilbert  acted  Stout 
"The  Heir  at  Law"  was  produced  March  9,  and  acted  during  the 
week.    "The  Rivals  "  was  seen  March  16,  and  ran  during  the  week 
"  Central  Park  "  was  revived  March  23,  and  ran  until  April  4,  when 
at  the  matinee  "The  Veteran  "  was  revived.     John  Brougham  was 
taken  ill  April  11,  and  on  that  night  and  until  April  20,  when 
Mr.    Brougham    reappeared,    Harry   Beckett   acted    Oflf-an-Agan. 
"  School "  was  produced  April  30  and  ran  until  May  22,  when 
"The  Clandestine  Marriage"  was  revived,  which  gave  way  May 
26  to  "Woodcock's  Little  Game  "  and  "The  Nervous  Man."   These 
comedies  were  repeated  May  28,  29,  and  matinee.  May  30.  "  Money" 
was  revived  May  27  and  repeated  May  30,  when  the  season  closed 

J.  L.  Toole,  the  English  comedian,  made  his  American  debut 
Aug.  17  in  "Wig  and  Gown,"  written  expressly  for  him  by  James 
Alberry,  and  a  comic  drama  by  Thomas  Haynes  Bay  ley,  called 
"The  Spitalfields  Weaver."     "Wig  and  Gown "  had  this  cast: 

Hammond  Coote 
Sorbyson  Siel 
Dr.  Dallet      .     . 
Fred  Fairfoot 
Mr.  Justice  Jones 


.    J.  L.  Toole 

.    W.  Herbert 

C.  H.  Westland 

E.  M.  Holland 

H.  A.  Weaver 

Edward  Albert  Wellington 
Coote Agnes  Michell 

Edward  Albert  Nelson 

Coote  .  .  . 
James  Strickett  . 
Samuel  Mangold 
Decimal  Two-five 
Hon.  Miss  Kenmetie 
Mrs.  Coote    .     .     . 

Sadie  Viviaa 

Ebcn  Plymptoo 

W.J.  Leooaitl 

J.  F.  Josephs 

.  Mme.  Ponw 

Eliza  Johnstooe 

The  cast  of  "The  Spitalfields  Weaver  "  was: 

Simmons J.  L.  Toole 

Brown        H.  Westland 

Darville Ebcn  Plympton 

James J.  F.  Josephs 

Adele Minnie  Befl 



le  performance  was  a  lamentable  failure,  the  peculiar  talent 
Ir.  Toole  not  being  appreciated  by  an  American  audience, 
e  was  announced  as  having  met  with  ''  an  accident " ;  and  four 
ts  of  his  engagement  were  filled  by  Dan  Bryant,  who  acted  in 
jidy  Andy  "and  "Irish  Emigrant"  This  was  Dan  Bryant's 
engagement  in  Irish  comedy. 

le  next  season  commenced  Tuesday,  Oct.  6,  1874,  with  Byron's 
idy,  "  Partners  for  Life,"  which  had  this  cast: 

cc  McTvyn 
Gilroy   . 
y  Smith 
ilia    .     . 
r  -    .     . 

.  John  Gilbert 
H.  J.  Montague 
W.  J.  Leonard 
JefiEreys  Lewis 
.  Mme.  Ponisi 
Dora  Goldthwaite 

Darbyshire    • 
Muggles    .    . 
Krnest  . 
Major  Billeter 
Sir  Archibald 

Kate  Bartlett 
Harry  Beckett 
.      J.  B.  Polk 

T.  W.  CarroU 
G.  F.  Browne 

le  company  engaged)  was :  H.  J.  Montague  (first  appearance  in 
irica),  John  Gilbert,  Harry  Beckett,  J.  B.  Polk,  John  W.  Car- 
Geo.  F.  Browne,  W.  J.  Leonard,  Jeffreys  Lewis,  Mme.  Ponisi, 
L  Goldthwaite,  Kate  Bartlett,  Mrs.  John  Sefton,  E.  M.  Hol- 
,  C.  E.  Edwin,  J.  Peck,  J.  F.  Josephs,  Thos.  Atkins,  Ada 
$,  Effie  Germon,  lone  Burke,  Mabel  Leonard,  Dion  Bouci- 
:,  Edward  Arnott,  and  Miss  C.  Bate.  John  Gilbert  was  the 
ig  manager;  W.  R.  Floyd,  stage  director;  J.  S.  Wright, 
ipter;  and  Theo.  Moss,  treasurer. 

[Tie  Rivals  "  was  revived  Oct.  14,  with  Edward  Arnott  as  Cap- 
Absolute.  "  The  Romance  of  a  Poor  Young  Man  "  was  seen 
21,  with  this  cast: 

uerite  (first  appear- 

e  at  this  theatre)  Ada  Dyas 

lel      ....      H.  J.  Monta&;ue 

•e Mrs.  John  Sefton 

IT J.  W.  Carroll 

E.  M.  Holland 

ouret      .     .     .    .     G.  F.  Browne 

Mme.  Laroque 
Christine    .     . 
Mme.  Aubrey 
Mile.  Helouin 
Dr.  Desmarets 
M.  De  Brevannes 

Mme.  Ponisi 

Mabel  Leonard 

Effie  Germon 

.    lone  Burke 

.  John  Gilbert 

J.  B.  Polk 

Dv.  14  Boucicault's  "The  Shaughraun  "  was  played  for  the  first 
on  any  stage,  and  had  this  cast : 

rt  Ffolliott 
!r  Dolan 
r  Kinchela 
ey  Duff  . 

H.  J.  Montague 

Jeffreys  Lewis 

.       J.  B.  Polk 

.  John  Gilbert 

E.  Arnott 

H.  Beckett 

Dion  Boucicault 

Sergt.  Jones  . 
Reilly  .  .  . 
Claire  Ffolliott 
Mrs.  O'Kelly  . 
Moya  .  .  . 
Bridget .     .     . 

W.  J.  Leonard 

E.  M.  Holland 

Ada  Dyas 

Mme.  Ponisi 

.    lone  Burke 

.  Mrs.  Sefton 

rhe  Shaughraun"  was  withdrawn  on  April  i,  1875,  for  "The 
lance  of  a  Poor  Young  Man ; "  April  10  "  Rafael "  was  seen 
he  first  time.     This  was  a  new  adaptation  of  "Les  Filles  de 

284      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE      D«75 

Marbre  "  ("  The  Marble  Heart ").  "  The  Romance  of  a  Poor  Young 
Man"  was  revived  April  17;  "The  Road  to  Ruin,"  with  H.  J. 
Montague  as  Harry  Dornton,  was  seen  April  24. 

A  matinee  benefit  was  given   April   29  for  the  Dan  Bryant 
Benefit  Fund.     The  following  is  a  copy  of  the  programme: 

Mr.  Honeyton      .     . 
After  which  — 

H.  J.  Montague  I  Mrs.  Honeyton 



John  Gilbert 
W.  R.  Floyd 

Sir  Anthony  Absolute  . 

Sir  Lucius  O'Trigger 

Capt.  Absolute     ....     £.  Amott 

Bob  Acres H.  Beckett 

Faulkland J.  W.  CarroU 

David  .  .  . 
Lydia  Languish 
Airs.  Malaprop 

£.  M.  Holland 

Jeffreys  Lewis 

Mme.  Ponisi 

Julia Dora  Goldthwaitc 

Lucy KateBartlctt 

The  following  is  the  Treasurer's  report  of  the  several  benefits 
and  donations  in  behalf  of  the  family  of  the  late  Dan  Bryant: 


Wallack's  Theatre 
Union  Sq.  Theatre 
Booth's  Theatre  . 
Theatre  Comique 
Olympic  Theatre 
Lyceum  Theatre  . 






Park  Theatre  .... 
Bowery  Opera  House  . 
San  Francisco  Minstrels 
Academy  of  Music  .     • 


Chicago,  under  auspices  of  Danl.  O'Hara,  City  Treasurer 

Donated  by  Lysander  Thompson,  Jr 


W.  J.  Florence 
Thos.  J.  Creamer 
Dion  Boucicault 
A.  Oakey  Hall 
J.  J.  0*Donohue 
J.  T.  Raymond 

A^,  X^«   x^»  . 

Arthur  Cheney  (Globe 
Theatre,  Boston)  . 
Wright  Sanford  .  . 
Miss  Neilson  .  .  . 
H.  J.  Montague  .  . 
Richard  O'Gorman  . 
J.  Murphy,  Comedian 
J.  L.  Toole       .     .     . 



Geo.  A.  Dickerson    . 
Dan's  friend  "  M."    . 
Miller,  Morrison  &  Co. 
Dominick  Murray     . 
"Mark  Twain"    .     . 
George  Loveday  .     . 
George  Tyson      .     . 
W.  A.  Seaver  .     .     . 
Dan  Shelby,  Buffalo 
Anonymous,  by  Mr. 
H.  J.  Montague     . 
Count  Joannes     .     . 
A  Friend    .... 









1. 00 





Travers $100.00 

tebora 50.00 

i  George 50.00 

SVhite 25.00 

Patterson 25.00 

Prentiss 25.00 

W.  S.  Neilson $25.00 

C.  F.  Woerisboffer    ....       25.00 
Soutter  &  Co. 25.00 


NEW  YORK  SUN,   BY  C.  A.  DANA. 

i  Wilkes $100.00 

Hill 100.00 

I  Wilkeson      ....        20.00 

A  Friend 
Plus  .    . 

1. 00 



idenhoff $25.00 

ennings 25.00 

.  H.  Dykers     ....  10.00 

Martin 10.00 

P 5.00 

Jos.  F.  Navarro $5-oo 

"  F." 5.00 

F.C  Winkle 5.00 


lale  of  boxes $168.84 

tale  of  general  admission  tickets 4^15*95 

J.  C.  \V  illiamson,  comedian,  Australia 56.00 

John  McCullough,  proceeds  of  benefit  given  at  California 

itre  San  Francisco,  Cal 94^*90 

Grand  total $16,163.99 

New  York,  July  21,  1875. 

i  is  to  certify  that  Messrs.  Josh  Hart,  W.  R.  Floyd,  and  A.  M.  Palmer  have 
ly  paid  to  me,  as  trustee  for  myself  and  Marie  Bryant,  Jeremiah  Bryant, 
I  Bryant,  and  Teresa  Bryant,  the  children  of  the  late  Daniel  Bryant,  sixteen 
nd  one  hundred  and  sixty-three  99-100  dollars,  being  the  proceeds  realized 
ceived  by  the  said  Josh  Hart,  W.  R.  Floyd,  and  A.  M.  Palmer,  as  the  com- 
of  the  associated  managers  of  the  City  of  New  York,  from  individual  dona- 
und  from  the  performances  given  by  the  theatres  of  New  York,  Chicago,  and 
rancisco,  for  the  benefit  of  myself  and  children. 

16,163.99  Mrs.  Dan  Bryant. 

ss:  Fred  A.  Lovecraft. 

i  Happy  Pair"  and  "The  Rivals'*  were  played  May  8;  "The 

Heiress,*'  May  12,  matinee,  May  22,  and  the  rest  of  the  week. 

season  closed  May  29,  when  "  The  Lady  of  Lyons  "  was  given : 

e  Melnotte  .     .      H.  J.  Montague 

Deschapelles  J.  W.  Carroll 

Deschapclles  .     .     Mme.  Ponisi 

IT  Melnotte  .     .  Mrs.  John  Sefton 

)      ....      John  Gilbert 

I J.  B.  Polk 

cant E.  Plvmpton 

le Aaa  Dyas 

Gaspard C.  £.  Edwin 

Landlord G.  F.  Browne 

Major J.  F.  Josephs 

Capt.  Dupont J.  Peck 

Gervais T.  Atkins 

Notary G.  Comstock 

Jeannette Clara  Bate 

Marian Miss  J.  Francis 

286      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       Ci»75 

A  summer  season  began  May  31  by  Harrigan  and  Hart,  in 
"The  Donovans,"  with  the  following  company:  W.  E.  Sheridan, 
Welsh  Edwards,  J.  W.  Jennings,  Geo.  L.  Stout,  John  W.  Norton, 
Walter  Eytinge,  C.  E,  Edwin,  J.  Curran,  Mme.  Ponisi,  Bessie 
Vivian,  W.  J.  Leonard,  J.  Peck,  E.  M.  Holland,  J.  F.  Josephs, 
Ada  Monk  (first  appearance  at  this  theatre),  and  Alice  Clayton. 
The  Peak  Family  of  Bellringers,  Charles  and  Carrie  Austin,  the 
"Zoua\e  Drill"  artists,  Nellie  St.  John,  balladist,  and  Baby 
Bindley  appeared  in  the  play. 

The  next  regular  season  commenced  Oct.  5,  1875,  with  this 
company :  H.  J.  Montague,  Harry  Beckett,  Chas.  Stevenson,  Wm. 
Herbert,  Harry  Gwynette,  W.  J.  Leonard,  Geo.  C.  Jordan,  Jr.,  J. 
Peck,  John  Gilbert,  W.  R.  Floyd,  E.  M.  Holland,  J.  W.  Shannon, 
Chas.  Rosene,  C.  E.  Edwin,  T.  Atkins,  J.  F.  Josephs,  Effie  Ger- 
mon,  Mrs.  John  Sefton,  Nina  Varian,  Miss  C.  Blaisdell,  Miss 
Foster,  Miss  C.  Bate,  Kate  Bartlett,  Geraldine  Maye,  lone  Burke, 
Mme.  Ponisi,  and  Ada  Dyas.  Thomas  Baker  was  musical  con- 
ductor; John  Gilbert,  acting  manager;  W.  R.  Floyd,  stage  di- 
rector; J.  S.  Wright,  prompter;  and  Theo.  Moss,  treasurer. 
''  The  Overland  Route  "  was  the  opening  play,  and  had  this  cast : 

Tom  Dexter  • 
Solomon  Frazer 
Lovibond  .  • 
Moleskin  .  . 
Capt.  Smart  . 
Mrs.  Lovibond 
Mrs.  Colepepper 
Miss  Grimwood 

H.  T.  Montague 
John  Gilbert 
.  Harry  Beckett 
£.  M.  Holland 
.  H.  Gwynette 
.  Effie  Germon 
Geraldine  Maye 
.     Kate  Bartlett 

Major  McTurk 
Capt.  Clavering 
Hardistiy  •  . 
Tottle  .  .  . 
Mrs.  Seabright 
Mrs.  Rabbits  . 

.  .W.  Herbert 
J.  W.  Shannon 
.  .  C.  Rosene 
Geo.  Jordan,  Jr. 
.  W.  J.  Leonsud 
.  .  Ada  Dyas 
Miss  C.  BlaisdeD 

This  was  the  first  appearance  at  this  theatre  of  J.  W.  Shannon,  ^ 
C.  Rosene,  Harry  Gwynette,  Geo.  C.  Jordan,  Jr.,  and  Geraldine^ 
Maye's  first  appearance  on  any  stage.  "  Caste  "  was  played  Nov.,^ 
8,  with  the  first  appearance  in  New  York  of  George  Honey,  in  hi^s 
original  character  of  Eccles : 

George  D'Alroy 
Capt.  Hawtree 
Sam  Gerridge 
Eccles    .    .    . 

H.  T.  Montague 

C.  A.  Stevenson 

E.  M.  Holland 

Geo.  Honey 

Dixon     .     . 
Esther  Eccles 
Polly  Eccles 
The  Marquise 

J.  F.  Joseph-.  = 

.    Ada  Dya  -"^ 

Effie  Gcrmo-^^ 

Mme.  Poni^^ 

Dec.    9  "  Bosom   Friends,  *'   adapted  by  Horace   Wigan  from 
Sardou's  "Nos  Intimes,"  was  given,  with  this  cast: 

Doctor  Bland  .     .     .     H.  J.  Montague 

Yielding John  Gilbert 

Donoghue Harry  Beckett 

Union Edward  Arnott 

Mrs.  Meanley      .     .     .      Mme.  Ponisi 
Amy Geraldine  Maye 

Gimp Miss  Thornton 

Frederick    .     .     .     .    C.  A.  Stevenson 

Meanley W.  Herbert 

Barravell E.  M.  Holland 

Mrs.  Union Ada  Dyas 




•* Caste"  was  repeated  Dec.  21;  "Home"  was  revived  Jan.  3, 
1876,  and  had  this  cast: 

Col.  John  White  .    .     Lester  Wallack 
Capt  Moontraffe      .    .    J.  W.  Carroll 

Dorrison '  John  Gilbert 

Dora Kate  BartleU 

Bertie     .    .    . 
Mra.  Pinchbeck 
Lucy .... 

Willie  Seymour 
.  .  Ada  Dyas 
Geraldine  Majre 

This  was  Lester  Wallack's  first  appearance  in  two  years.  "A 
Quiet  Family  "  was  also  acted  on  this  occasion.  Byron's  comedy, 
''Married  in  Haste/'  was  first  seen  in  this  city  Jan.  12,  and  had 
this  cast: 

Gibson  Greene  •  .  Lester  Wallack 
Percy  Pendragon .  .  .  John  Gilbert 
Augustus  Vere     .    .   C.  A.  Stevenson 

eaiah  Grainger    .    .     J.  W.  Shannon 
rs.  Grainger  (first  appear- 
ance at  this  theatre)  .    .  Rose  Lisle 

Ethel Ada  Dyas 

Rackstraw W.  Herbert 

Pritchard    ....     Ethel  Thornton 

Baffles i*  ^*  Carroll 

Munchance      .    •    •    .  G.  F.  Browne 

Feb.  7  "  John  Garth  "  was  revived,  with  Alex.  Fitzgerald  as 
Paulo  Barretti  and  Nina  Varian  as  Minnie  Garth,  their  first  ap- 
pearance at  this  theatre.  "She  Stoops  to  Conquer,"  Feb.  21; 
March  3,  "Caste;"  mating,  March  4,  "The  Romance  of  a  Poor 
Young  Man;"  March  13,  "The  Wonder;"  March  28,  "The  Cap- 
tain of  the  Watch"  and  "Woodcock's  Little  Game,"  matinee  and 
evening;  April  9,  "Tears,  Idle  Tears,"  with  H.  J.  Montague  in  his 
original  character  of  Wilfred  Cumberledge.  A  new  comedv 
drama  by  A.  C.  Wheeler  and  J.  Steele  Mackaye,  entitled  "Twins, 
was  produced  April  12,  and  had  this  cast: 

Lester  Wallack 

Chester  Delafield  { 

Mark  Delafield     S  * 

Mafnns  Rounse  .  .  .     John  Gilbert 

Habert  Vince  .     .  .  C.  A.  Stevenson 

Doctor  Puddiphat  .  .     .  W.  Herbert 

Victoria  Golden  .  .  .    Effie  Germon 

May  Delafield 
Mrs.  Amiable 
Richard  Wylde 
Wolfe    .     .     . 
Mrs.  Delafield 
Mrs.  Clift    .     . 

Geraldine  Maye 
Miss  C.  Blaisdell 
.  W.  R.  Floyd 
.  £.  M.  Holland 
.  .  Ada  Dyas 
Mrs.  John  Sefton 


London  Assurance  "  was  given  April  26 : 

Charles  (first  time) 
Dazzle    .... 
Sir  Harcourt   .     . 
Mark  Meddle  .     . 
DoUy  Spanker 

H.  J.  Montague 

Lester  Wallack 

John  Gilbert 

.  Harry  Beckett 

.     W.  R.  Floyd 

Lady  Gay Ada  Dyas 

Pert Efiie  Germon 

Max J.  W.  Shannon 

Cool £.  M.  Holland 

Grace lone  Burke 

May  16  "How  She  Loves  Him"  was  revived,  and  the  season 
closed  May  27.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  W.  J.  Florence  began  a  summer 
term  May  29  with  "The  Mighty  Dollar,"  which  had  this  cast: 

288       A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE      D877 

Roland  Vance  .  . 
Lord  Clairngorm  .  . 
Washington  Skidmore, 
Senator  Hogwhistle  . 
Bardwell  Slote  .  . 
Charley  Brood      .    • 


Tom  Dart   .... 

.  Frank  Weston 

W.  J.  Ferguson 

E.  M.  Holland 

G.  C.  Sherman 

W.  J.  Florence 

.    W.  R.  Floyd 

.    J.  W.  CarroU 

J.  W.  Shannon 

Geo.  Saville    .     .     .    W.  A.  Whitecar 

Libby Josephine  Baker 

Laura Ethel  Thornton 

Lafayette C.  E.  Edwin 

Tarquinious    .     .     .     .     C.  Townseod 
Mrs.  Gilfiory  ....  Mrs.  Florence 

Clara  Dart May  Howard 

Blanche lone  Borke 

The  season  closed  Sept.  30,  when  "The  Mighty  Dollar"  was 
acted  for  the  one  hundred  and  eighteenth  time  at  this  theatre, 
and  the  two  hundred  and  twenty-second  time  in  this  city. 

On  Oct.  3,  1876,  the  next  regular  season  opened  with  Harry 
Beckett,  H.  J.  Montague,  Ed.  Amott,  Wm.  Herbert,  Joseph 
Shannon  (right  name  Sendlebeck),  Walter  Eytinge,  C.  E.  Edwin, 
T.  Wilson,  J.  Peck,  W.  J.  Leonard,  C.  A.  Stevenson,  John  Gil- 
bert, Dion  Boucicault,  K  M.  Holland,  Ada  Dyas,  Rose  Wood, 
Mme.  Ponisi,  Josephine  Baker,  Mrs.  John  Sefton,  Miss  Blaisdell, 
Effie  Germon,  Clara  Bate,  Ethel  Thornton,  and  Florence  Villiers. 
"Forbidden  Fruit"  was  the  initial  performance,  and  was  thus 

Sergeant  Buster 
Cato  Dove 
Capt.  Derringer 
Dodd.    .     .    . 
Swalbach     .     • 
Victor     .     .     . 

.  Hanv  Beckett 
H.  J.  Montague 
.     .     £.  Amott 

W.  Herbert 
J.  W.  Shannon 

W.  Eytinge 

Joseph    .     .     • 
Mrs.  Cato  Dove 
Mrs.  Buster     • 
Zulu  .... 
Julia  Cripps     . 

C  E.  Edwin 

.     Ada  Dyas 

Mme.  Ponisi 

Effie  Germon 

Miss  Blaisdeli 

Nov.  9  "  The  Shaughraun  "  was  revived,  with  Boucicault  as 
Conn,  Montague  as  Molineax,  Rose  Wood  as  Arte  O'Neale,  and 
Josephine  Baker  as  Moya.  A  benefit  for  the  Brooklyn  Theatre 
fire  sufferers  was  given  Dec.  21,  when  "Caste"  was]|  acted,  and 
also  "Forty  and  Fifty."  Jan.  8,  1877,  "Forbidden  Fruit  "was 
revived;  Palgrave  Simpson  and  Herman  Merivale*s  drama,  "AH 
For  Her,"  was  produced  Jan.  22,  and  had  this  cast: 

Richard  Radford  (first  appearance 

at  this  theatre)      .     Steele  Mackaye 
Hugh  Trevor  .     . 
Capt.  Mervale 
Alice      .... 
Mary  Rivers    .     . 

Lester  Wallack 

George  Clarke 

.     Ada  Dyas 

Rose  Wood 

Geystone     ....  Mrs.  John  Sefton 

Col.  Darner E.  Arnott 

Maurice C.  A.  Stevenson 

Laurence     ....      E.  M.  Holland 

Donald C.  E.  Edwin 

Edgar J.  W.  Shannon 

Feb.  7  "A  Morning  Call"  and  "Married  Life"  were  seen,  and 
Feb.  12  "Wild  Oats"  was  played,  with  this  cast: 

Farmer J.  W.  Shannon 

Banks W.  ].  Leonard 

Lamp C.  E.  Edwin 

Trap James  Curran 

Lady  Amaranth    .     .     .       Rose  Wood 
Amelia Mrs.  John  Sefton 

Sir  George  Thunder 
Ephraim  Smooth 
Harry  Thunder 
Jennie  Gammon 
Rover      .     .     . 
John  Dory 
Tim    .... 

John  Gilbert 

.  Harry  Beckett 

C.  A.  Stevenson 

.    Effie  Germon 

Lester  Wallack 

Edward  Arnott 

E.  M.  Holland 



ie  Stoops  to  Conquer"  was  given  Feb.  26;  March  6,  "The 
5;"  "My  Awful  Dad"  had  its  first  American  presentation 
1  10,  and  was  thus  cast : 

;  Evergreen  .  Lester  Wallack 
Evergreen  .  .  .  Hany  Beckett 
Kotchberg  J.  W.  Shannon 

ircy E.  M.  HoUand 

C.  Edwin 

W.  J.  Leonard 

consequence  of  the  indisposition  of  Lester  Wallack,  "The 
s  '*  was  revived  the  second  week  in  April.  "  Rosedale  "  was 
k1  May  14,  and  had  this  cast : 

Mrs.  Biggs 
Matilda  . 
Emma    . 

Mrs.  John  Sefton 

Ethel  Thornton 

Rose  Wood 

Josephine  Baker 

.    .    Clara  Bate 

McKenna  . 
nry  Cobb    . 
w  Lei^h 
avendish  May 
r  Green 
\dela     .     . 
ral  Daw 
ly  Robb 


John  Gilbert 
.  Harry  Beckett 
.  Edward  Amott 

Cyril  Searle 
.  W.  J.  Leonard 
Florence  Villiers 

W.  Eytinge 
.  .  C.  Edwin 
.     .     T.  Atkins 

Doxy  .  .  . 
Sir  Arthur  .  . 
Lady  Florence 
Rosa  Leigh 
Tabitha  Stork 
Sarah  Sykes  . 
Mother  Mix  . 
Primrose  .  . 
Elliot  Grey 

.    .    .    J.  Peck 
AUie  Dorrington 
Ada  Dyas 
Effie  Germon 
Mrs.  Farren 
Mrs.  J.  Sefton 
Miss  Blaisdell 
Miss  Bate 
Lester  Wallack 

a  Dyas  took  a  benefit  June  7,  when  "A  Wolf  in  Sheep's 
king"  was  acted,  with  this  cast: 

'  Carew 

.  H.  J.  Montague 
Mrs.  G.  H.  Gilbert 
.    Allie  Dorrington 

Kester  Chedzoy  .    .    .     .  W.  Herbert 

Ann  Carew Ada  D3ras 

Keziah Effie  Germon 

is  was  followed  by  a  recitation  of  "The  Bridge  of  Sighs," 
iflfreys  Lewis ;  and  the  quarrel  scene  from  "  The  School  for 
ial,"  John  Gilbert  as  Sir  Peter  Teazle  and  Fanny  Davenport 
idy  Teazle. 

ic  fourth  act  of  "  Love's  Sacrifice "  was  next  given  by  Marie 
iwright  and  Frederick  B.  Warde,  and  the  performance  closed 
the  fourth  act  of  "The  Lady  of  Lyons,"  George  Rignold  as 
ie  and  Ada  Dyas  as  Pauline.  A  summer  season  commenced 
II  with  Lettie  Allen,  in  a  drama  called  "Waves,"  which  had 

r  Leslie  . 
rt  Leslie 
ird  Gordon 

inc  Shirley 
>Dso  Howard 

J.  B.  Atwater 

Cyril  Searle 

W.  Eytinge 

W.  J.  Leonard 

Effie  Germon 

Mrs.  A.  F.  Baker 

Blanche  Galton 

.     W.  R.  Floyd 

Capt.  Walton  . 
Jerry  Timpkins 
Sidney  Morton 
Edna  Gordon . 
Mrs.  Leslie 
Mrs.  Stacey  . 
Mrs.  Warren  . 

Theo.  Hamilton 

.  Thos.  Whiffen 

Lewis  Baker 

Lettie  Allen 

Mme.  Ponisi 

Marion  P.  Qifton 

Ethel  Thornton 

lis  was  the  first  appearance  here  of  Thomas  Whififen,  Mrs. 
ina  Fisher  Baker,  and  Blanche  Galton  (Mrs.  Thomas  Whif- 
also  the  New  York  debut  of  Marion  P.  Clifton. 

>L.  II.  — 19 

290      A   HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [1877 

June  28  Henry  Morford's  play,  "Crabbed  Age"  was  given,  and 
introduced  for  the  first  time  at  this  theatre  May  Roberts  and  May 
Gallagher,  who  acted  Mme.  Dumonlin  and  Juliette.  July  2,  Philip 
Stoner's  drama,  "Woodleigh,"  introducing  for  the  first  time  at 
this  theatre  Marie  Bates,  who  acted  Abigail  Wildron.  For  J.  B. 
Atwater's  benefit,  July  20,  "The  Stranger"  was  played,  with 
Atwater  as  the  Stranger,  Lettie  Allen  as  Mrs.  Haller,  Mary 
Davenport  as  Countess  Wintersen,  and  E.  B.  Holmes  as  Solomoa 
Aug.  20  the  Lydia  Thompson  company  appeared  in  "  Bluebeard," 
with  this  cast : 

Selim Lydia  Thompson 

Bluebeard Fred  Marshall 

Abrahim Horatio  Saker 

Fatima Alice  Burville 

O'Shacabac     ....   Ella  Chapman 
Corporal  Zoug  Zoug     .    Willie  Edouin 

Hassan Marie  Williani 

Sister  Anne    ....     Lina  MenriUe 

Fez Emily  Duncan 

Zaid Kate  Everleigh 

Beda Marion  Elmore 

Reece  and  Famie's  burlesque  of  "Oxygen"  was  seen  Aug.  27: 

Prince  Fritz 
Van  Fricasse 
Gretchen  . 
Niklause  . 
Franz  .  . 
Van  Blazen 

Lydia  Thompson 
.  Fred  Marshall 
.  Marion  Elmore 
.  Wm.  Forrester 
.  Willie  Edouin 
•  Kate  Everleigh 
.  Alice  Atherton 

Hanserl Emily  Duncan 

Otto Marie  Williams 

Dr.  Ox Horatio  Saker 

Tarantula Ella  Chapman 

Suzel Alice  Bunrilk 

Lotchen Lina  Merville 

Alexander  Henderson,  husband  of  Lydia  Thompson,  and  man- 
ager of  this  company,  died  at  Cannes,  France,  Feb.  i,  1886. 
Sept  12,  "Robinson  Crusoe,"  with  Lydia  Thompson  in  the  title 
r61e.  The  next  regular  season  opened  Oct.  i,  1877,  with  Bouci- 
cault's  play  "Marriage,"  which  had  this  cast: 

Silas  Auldjo    .    •    . 
Walter  Auldjo     . 
Constant  Tine    .     . 
Mrs.  Constant  Tifle 
Mrs.  Tarbox  .     .    , 


Archibald  .     .     .     . 

John  Gilbert 

Eben  Plympton 

.  Edward  Arnott 

.    Rose  Coghlan 

Mme.  Ponisi 
.  Stella  Boniface 
H.  J.  Montague 

Persimmons H.  Beckett 

Virginia Effie  GernKm 

Mudgeon E.  M.  Holland 

Josephine Meta  Bartlett 

Rosalie Pearl  Eytinge 

Miss  Sniffe     .     .     .    Mrs.  John  Sefton 
Celia Miss  Thornton 

A  matinee  benefit  was  given  Nov.   8  for  the  Custer  Monument 
fund,  when  "Jane  Eyre"  was  acted  with  this  cast: 

Judith J.  L.  Carhart 

Rochester  ....  McKee  Rankin 
Mrs.  Reed  ....  Jenny  Carroll 
Lady  Clarens Emily  Rigl 




Jane  Eyre  (first  time) 

Miss  Watsoa 

Gracie  Wade 

.  Emily  Lein» 

Clara  Monit 

Frank  Marshall's  comedy  drama,  "False  Shame,"  was  first  seen 
here  Nov.  12,  and  had  this  cast: 




Earl  of  Dashini^on 
Hon.  Chas.  Ewart 
Arthur    .... 
Ernest  Bragleigfa 
CoL  Howard    .    . 
Lieut  Gray      .     • 

J.  W.  Shannon 

C.  £.  Edwin 

H.  J.  Montague 

.     .     E.  Arnott 

.     John  Gilbert 

W.  A.  Eytinge 

Mary      .    . 
Philip     .     . 
Magdalen    • 
Mrs.  Howard 
Constance   . 


E.  M.  Holland 

Rose  Coghlan 

Mme.  Ponisi 

Stella  Bonilace 

"Won  at  Last,"  by  Steele  Mackaye,  was  first  played  here  Dec. 
10^  when  Gabrielle  du  Sauld  made  her  first  appearance  at  this 
theatre.     It  was  thus  cast : 

John  Fleming  .     . 
Major  Bunker 
Sophie  Bunker 
Baron  Von  Spiegel 
Prof.  Tracy      .     . 
Dr.  Sterling     .     . 

H.  J.  Montague 
.  .  £.  M.  Holland 
Gabrielle  du  Sauld 

J.  W.  Shannon 
.  .  John  Gilbert 
.     .     W.  R.  Floyd 

Will  .  .  , 
Mrs.  Tracy 
Mandle  .  . 
Driscol  .  . 
Grace  .  . 
Flora      .     . 

Eben  Pl3rnipton 
Mme.  Ponisi 
.  W.  A.  Eytinge 
.  G.  F.  Browne 
.  Rose  Coghlan 
Mrs.  John  Sefton 

Lester  Wallack's  first  appearance  this  season  was  Jan.  14,  1878, 
as  Adonis  Evergreen  in  "My  Awful  Dad."  "School"  was  acted 
Jan.  25,  and  continued  for  two  weeks.  For  John  Brougham's 
benefit  (matinee  Feb.  14),  "A  Sheep  in  Wolf's  Clothing,"  the 
third  act  of  "School,"  and  "Kerry"  were  given.  In  the  latter 
play  Katharine  Rogers  acted  Blanche  Desmond;  George  Clarke, 
Captain  Desmond;  and  Dion  Boucicault,  Kerry.  "Money"  was 
revived  Feb.  18,  when  John  Brougham  made  his  first  appearance 
here  in  four  years,  acting  Benjamin  Stout;  Lester  Wallack  as 
Alfred  Evelyn;  H.  J.  Montague,  Capt.  Dudley  Smooth,  and 
John  Gilbert  (for  the  first  time  in  this  city),  Sir  John  Vesey. 
^London  Assurance"  was  done  March  18.  "Diplomacy"  had 
this  cast  for  its  first  production  April  i : 

Henry  Beaadercq  .  Lester  Wallack 
Jolian  Beauclercq  H.  J.  Montague 

Coantess  Zicka  .  .  .  Rose  Coghlan 
Lady  Fairfax  (first  appearance 

at  this  theatre)  .  .  Sara  Stevens 
Dora  (first  appearance  at  this 

theatre) Maud  Granger 

Orloff     .  • 

Marquise  . 

Algie      .  . 
Baron  Stein 

Craven   .  . 

Antoine  .  . 

Minon    .  . 

Frederic  Robinson 
Mme.  Ponisi 
.     W.  R.  Floyd 
J.  W.  Shannon 
w.  A.  Evtinge 
.     .    H.  Ay  ling 
.  Pearl  Eytinge 

This  comedy  ran  until  the  close  of  the  season,  June  16,  and  the 
next  season  commenced  Sept.  10,  1878.  The  company  consisted 
of  John  Gilbert,  C.  F.  Coghlan,  J.  A.  Kennedy,  Charles  Rock- 
well, Charles  Barron,  Wm.  R.  Floyd,  Harry  Beckett,  J.  W.  Shan- 
non, E.  M.  Holland,  W.  J.  Leonard,  Mme.  Ponisi,  Rose  Coghlan, 
Mrs.  William  Lindsay  (Mrs.  John  Sefton),  Effie  Germon,  Miss 
Blaisdell,  John  Brougham,  C.  E.  Edwin,  W.  A.  Eytinge,  H. 
Pearson,  Meta  Bartlett,  Stella  Boniface,  Nellie  Bingham,  Vin- 
cent Hogan,  Pearl  Eytinge,  Mamie  and  Alice  McCormack,  and 
Miss  E.  Grant.  "  Clarissa  Harlowc "  was  the  opening  bill,  and 
I'eceived  this  cast: 

292      A   HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       [1878 

Col.  Harlowe  . 
Lovelace  .  . 
The  Professor 
Chaffinch  .  . 
James  .  .  . 
Mrs.  Harlowe  . 
Clarissa      .     . 

John  Gilbert 
.  C.  F.  Coghlan 
J.  W.  Shannon 
.  £.  M.  Holland 
.  W.  J.  Leonard 

Mme.  Ponisi 
Rose  Coghlan 

Capt.  Solmer 
Geo.  Harlowe 
Jack  Belcher 
Sir  Giles     . 
Jacob  Budd 
Gurtha  .     . 
Jennie    .    . 

Chas.  Rockwell 
.  J.  A.  Kennedy 
.  Chas.  Barron 
.  W.  R.  Floyd 
•  Harry  Beckett 
.  Mrs.  Lindsay 
.    Effie  Germon 

This  was  the  first  appearance  at  this  theatre  of  C.  F.  Coghlan, 
J.  A.  Kennedy,  and  Charles  Barron.  The  Mrs.  Lindsay  who 
played  Mrs.  Gurtha,  was  formerly  Mrs.  John  Sefton,  who  had  been 
married  to  William  Lindsay,  turf  reporter  of  The  New  YorkClipper* 
"The  School  for  Scandal "  was  presented  Sept.  21,  and  had  this 

Lady  Sneerwell    .     .     .    Pearl  Eytinge 

Rowley W.  J.  Leonard 

Trip C.  E.  Edwin 

Lady  Sneerwell's  Servant, 

Harry  Pearson 

Sir  Peter John  Gilbert 

Sir  Oliver    ....     John  Brougham 

Charles Chas.  F.  Coghlan 

Sir  Benjamin  ....    Chas.  Barron 

Moses    . 
Sir  Harry 
Snake     . 
Lady  Teazle 
Mrs.  Candour 
Maria     .    . 

,  W.  R.  Hoyd 
£.  M.  Hollaod 

.  Harry  Beckett 

Vincent  Hogan 

W.  A.  Eytinge 

Rose  Coghlan 

,  Mme.  Ponisi 
Stella  Bonifu^e 

Oct.  7  "  The  Road  to  Ruin  "  was  seen,  when  Genevieve  Rogers 
appeared  as  Sophia  Freelove;  Oct.  21,  "The  Jealous  Wife;"  a 
matinee  performance  Oct.  23  of  "The  Road  to  Ruin,"  for  the 
benefit  of  the  yellow  fever  sufferers ;  Oct.  28,  "The  Rivals,"  with 
Chas.  Coghlan  as  Capt.  Absolute;  matinee,  Nov.  11,  Bumand's 
comedy,  "Our  Club,"  was  first  acted,  and  had  this  cast: 

Stanislaus   . 
Alphonse    . 
Henry     .     . 
Capt.  Ranger 
Baffley   .     . 
Doctor  Stanmore 
Capt.  Farrborough 
Tom  Rippendale  . 

.  W.  R.  Floyd 
.  C.  F.  Coghlan 
.     Chas.  Barron 

W.  A.  Eytinge 
.  W.J.  Leonard 

J.  W.  Shannon 
Chas.  Rockwell 

E.  M.  Holland 

Richard  Frobisher 
Mrs.  Dubuisson 
Nellie  Gourdon 
Amanda      .     . 
Lady  Ethel 
Mrs.  Wray 
Polly       .     .     . 

.  Harry  Beckett 
.  Effie  Germon 
Stella  Bonifecc 
.  Minnie  ViniDg 
.  Rose  Coghlan 
.  Mrs.  Lindsay 
Nellie  Bingbaio 

Dec.  4,  an  adaptation  from  the  German  of  "  Mein  Leopold,"  W 
Dr.  F.  Harris  and  Fred  Williams,  entitled  "My  Son,"  had  it5 
first  representation,  and  was  thus  cast: 

Herr  Mehlmeyer 
HerrWilhier  .  . 
Herr  Schwalbach 
Herr  Weigel  .  . 
Leopold  .  .  . 
Rudolph  .  .  . 
Sandor   .     .     .     . 

.  .  H.  Beckett 
John  Brougham 

J.  W.  Shannon 

John  Gilbert 

Chas.  Rockwell 

.    Chas.  Barron 

E.  M.  Holland 

Hemple W.  J.  LconaM 

Clara Rose  Coghlan 

Mina Effie  Gcnnoa 

Frau  Willner   ....      Mme.  Pomfl 

Emma Stella  Bonihct 

Anna Meta  Bartktt 

Marie Pearl  Eytinge 




A  matinee  benefit  was  tendered  John  Gilbert  Dec.  5,  in  honor 
of  the  completion  of  his  fiftieth  year  upon  the  stage.  The  pro- 
gramme was:  Third  act  of  '^ Almost  a  Life/'  with  this  cast: 

Avisie  Dorancbe  . 
Jules  De  Bonneval 
Countess  Claimot 
Coant  Clairnot     . 
FrinciDC      •     •     • 

.  Maud  Granger 
Eben  Plvmpton 
.  Rose  Osborne 
Henry  Eytinge 
Carlotta  Evelyn 

Dr.  Saumire    .    .    .    .  H.  A.  Weaver 

PhiUipe B.  Maglnley 

Jerome Gas  Levicl 

Manuel B.  T.  Rinm>ld 

Colinet Chas.  Leclercq 

M.  Doranche  .    .    .    .  E.  H.  Stevens 
Madelaine Sadie  Bigelow 

A  recitation  by  George  S.  Knight  came  next,  and  was  followed 
by  "Kerry,"  with  this  cast: 

Blanche  Desmond 
Gerald  Desmond 
Capt  Coldham 

Agnes  Booth 

C  A.  Stevenson 

C.  Rockwell 

Kerry Dion  Boucicaolt 

Dr.  Mellish     ...      J.  W.  Shannon 
Kate Stella  Boniface 

"A  Morning  Call,"  with  Lester  Wallack  as  Sir  Edward  Ardent 
and  Ada  Dyas  as  Lady  Chillington,  was  the  next  item  on  the  pro- 
gramme, and  was  succeeded  by  the  screen  scene  from  "  The  School 
for  Scandal  '* : 

Sir  Peter     . 
Lady  Teazle 

John  Gibbs  Gilbert  I  Charles C.  F.  Coghlan 

.     .   Rose  Coghlan  I  Joseph Chas.  Barroo 

After  this  Mr.  Gilbert  addressed  the  audience.    The  third  act  of 
"  The  Danicheff s  "  was  next  seen,  with  this  cast : 

Ossip      .     .     .       Chas.  R.  Thome,  Jr. 

Nickifor H.  F.  Daly 

Countess  Danichefi^  Mrs.  £.  J.  Phillips 

Count  Vladimer   ...      W.  Ramsey 
Anna Sara  Jewett 

Then  came  the  "bagatelle  "  called  "The  Chinese  Question " : 

Billy J.  C.  Williamson   Harry W.  S.  Harkins 

Kitty      .     .     .     Mrs.  J.  C.  Williamson   Fred A.  H.  Stuart 

Mrs.  Freewell 

Miss  A.  Eaton 

Nellie Leonore  Bigelow 

The  entertainment   closed    with   the    negro  sketch,    "Society 
Actors,"  by  Billy  Birch  and  Charley  Backus. 

John  G.  Gilbert  was  bom  at  Boston,  Mass.,  Feb.  27,  1810,  and 
was  one  of  the  few  American-bom  actors  connected  with  Wallack's 
Theatre.  His  first  appearance  on  the  stage  was  at  the  Tremont 
Theatre,  in  his  native  city,  Nov.  28,  1828,  as  Jaffier,  in  "Venice 
Preserved."  His  first  appearance  in  this  citv  was  at  the  Old 
Bowery  Theatre  in  June,  1839,  as  Sir  Edward  Mortimer,  in  "The 
Iron  Chest"  He  had  prior  to  this  been  in  the  Southern  theatres. 
It  was  at  the  old  Camp  Street  theatre,  New  Orleans,  La.,  that  he 
played  small  business.  Being  cast  for  Sir  Frederick  Vemon,  in 
"  Rob  Roy,"  he  resolved  to  make  his  mark.  Just  before  going  on 
for  the  part  that  night  (he  was  letter  perfect  at  rehearsal)  he  was 
anxiously  waiting  for  his  cue;  but  when  it  came  and  took  him  on 

294     A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE      D87« 

the  stage  he  grew  faint,  dizzy,  hot,  and  cold,  by  turns;  in  fact, 
he  was  taken  with  ''stage  fright/'  and  was  speechless.     He  was 
roundly  hissed,  which  brought  him  to  his  senses,  and  he  managed 
to  get  through  the  performance  after  a  fashion.    In  April,  1847,  he 
went  to  England,  and  appeared  at  the  Princess*  Theatre,  London, 
as  Robert  Bramble,  in  "The  Poor  Gentleman."     He  returned  to 
this  country,  and  appeared  at  the  old  Park  Theatre  here.  Sept  30, 
1848,  in  "The  Rivals."     He  remained  at  that  theatre  until  its  de- 
struction by  fire,  Dec.  16,  1848.     He  spoke  the  "tag"  in  "Naval 
Engagements,"  the  last  piece  performed  there,  and  had  the  last  word 
on  the  stage.     He  first  appeared  at  Wallack*s  Theatre  (Thirteenth 
Street  and  Broadway)  Sept.  22,   1862,  as  Sir  Peter  Teazle,  and 
continued   with   Mr.  Wallack  until  the  end  of  that  gentleman's 
management      His  first  wife  died   in  this  city,  Oct   27,  1866. 
His  second  wife  (a  non-professional  lady)  was  Sarah  H.  Gavett, 
to  whom  he  was  married  in  June,  1867.     He  was  one  of  the  best 
representatives  of  old  men  ever  seen  on  the  American  stage.    He 
died  at  Boston,  Mass.,  June  17,  1889,  where  he  had  been  lying  ill 
since  May  22.     Mr.  Gilbert's  ailment  was  Bright's  disease  of  the 
kidneys.     He  had  long  been  troubled  with  that  malady,  but  had 
concealed  the  fact  from  his  most  intimate  friends.     He  was  con- 
scious until  within  three  minutes  of  the  end.     On  his  seventy- 
eighth  birthday,  Feb.  27,  1888,  he  was  given  a  dinner  at  the  Lamhi' 
club,  this  city.      His   last  appearance  on  any  stage  was  made 
with  Joseph  Jefferson's  company,  which  concluded  a  two  weeks' 
engagement  in  "The  Rivals,"  at  the  Fifth  Avenue  Theatre,  this 
city,  on  Nov.    10,   1888,  Mr.   Gilbert  playing  Sir  Anthony;  Mr- 
Jefferson,  Bob  Acres;  and  Mrs.  John  Drew,  Mrs.  Malaprop. 

Some  of   Mr.    Gilbert's  greatest   impersonations   were:  King 
John,  Hubert,  King  Philip,  Cardinal  Pandulph,  Sir  Peter  Teazle, 
Sir  Oliver  Surface,  Crajytree,  Rowley,  Sir  Anthony  Absolute,  Kit 
Cosey,  Sir  William  Dorrilon,  Lord  Pleony,  Sir  William  Fondlove, 
Sir  John  Falstaff,  Justice  Woodcock,  Malvolio,  Polonius,  the  Ghost 
of  King  Hamlet,  Dogberry,  Adam,  Leontes,  Antigonus,  Autoly- 
cus,  Mr.   Simpson,  Lord   Duberly,  Tom   Noddy,  Captain   Copp» 
Colonel  Hardy,  Governor  Heartall,  Sir  Bashful  Constant,  Lord 
Ogleby,  Dr.  Cantwell,  Sir  Robert  Bramble,  Sir  Francis  Gripe, 
Squeers,  Mr.  Dombey,  Justice  Greedy,  Colonel  Damas,  Admiraul 
Kingston,   Don  Manuel,   Old  Hardcastle,   Shylock,    Sir  Edward 
Mortimer,  Dr.   Dilworth,  Sir  Paul  Pagoda,  Sir  Paladin  Scruple* 
Sir  Harcourt  Courtley,  Sarcasm,  Dominie  Sampson,  Bailie  Nic^ 
Jarvie,    Sir  Alexander   Shendryn,    Penruddock,    Adrastus,    lag ^^» 
Master  Walter,  Matthew  Elmore,  Henry  VHL,  Cardinal  Wolse^' 
Jacques,  Adam  Brock,  Old  Nerval,  Job  Thornberry,  Jesse  Rur^»-^» 
Menenius,  Adam  Winterton,  Old  Rapid,  Mr.  Aspen,  and  Coddl    "^ 
He  completely  identified  himself  with  his  many  characters,  whetl*^—^ 




as  the  choleric  Sir  Anthony  Absolute,  the  polished  old  fop,  Sir 
Harcourt  Courtley,  sturdy  and  tender  Job  Thomberry,  or  the  aged 
and  tottering  Lord  Ogleby,  in  "The  Clandestine  Marriage," 
which  was  a  faultless  performance.  Roderick  Penruddock,  in 
"The  Wheel  of  Fortune,"  was  another  capital  impersonation  of 
his.  His  Caleb  Plummer,  in  "The  Cricket  on  the  Hearth,"  was 
a  perfect  gem,  — a  thoroughly  artistic  realization  of  the  part,  and 
his  Col.  Damas,  in  "The  Lady  of  Lyons,"  was  a  fine  dramatic  pic- 
ture of  the  bluff  and  brave  old  soldier. 

The  first  time  on  any  stage  of  Paul  Merritt's  play,  "At  Last," 
was  Dec.  30,  and  with  this  cast: 

John  Garlan  . 
Richard  Roxby 
Austin  Granby 
Fitzroy  Smith  . 

Lester  Wallack 
.  C.  F.  Co;;hlan 
Chas.  Rockwell 
.    W.  R.  Floyd 

Magnum     .     . 
Mrs.  Sharkleigh 
Cissy  Granby  . 
Annie     .     .     . 

J.  W.  Shannon 

.    Effie  Germon 

Stella  Boniface 

.  Rose  Coghlan 

"Ours"  was  revived  Jan.  13,  1879.  A  matinee  benefit  was 
given  Feb.  14  for  the  farewell  of  Sig.  Brignoli,  when  the  opera 
''Don  Pasquale "  was  sung;  Mile.  lima  De  Murska  as  Norina, 
Brignoli  as  Ernest,  Fcrranti  as  Dr.  Malatesta,  Susini  as  Don 

Boucicault's  adaptation  from  Dumas'  "Spellbound"  was  first 
acted  Feb.   24.     The  cast: 

Count  Raool    .     .     .      Lester  Wallack 

Victor W.  R   Floyd 

Charles Joseph  Holland 

Ali Chas.  Rockwell 

Mondor W.  A.  £y tinge 

Brissac W.  J.  Leonard 

George  De  Sonneval     .  £.  M.  Holland 
Mme.  De  La  Roche, 

Mrs.  G.  C.  Boni^e 

Louis  De  La  Roche      .     .    Henr^  Lee 
Marie tte      .     .     .     .  Miss  £.  Blaisdcll 

Remy C.  £.  Edwin 

Notary G.  C.  Sherman 

Gabrielle Rose  Coghlan 

Mrs.  Robinson     •    .     .   Mabel  Jordan 

Suzanne Pearl  Eytinge 

Marthe Minnie  Vining 

This  was  the  first  appearance  at  this  theatre  of  Henry  Lee  and 
Mabel  Jordan,  and  the  New  York  d6but  of  Joseph  Holland.  **  A 
Scrap  of  Paper  **  was  first  played  at  this  house  March  10,  and  re- 
ceived this  cast : 

Louise  de  La  Glaciere,    Stella  Boniface 
Mile.  Zenolie   ....     Effie  Gerraon 

Prosper  Couramoant,  Lester  Wallack 
M.  Briscmouche  .  .  .  John  Gilbert 
Baron  de  La  Glaciere,  Chas.  Rockwell 
Suzanne  de  Ruseville  .  Rose  Coghlan 
MUe.  MathUde  de  Mcrival, 

Kate  Rartlett 
Mme.  Dupont       .     .  Miss  £.  Blaisdell 

••The  Snowball"  had  its  first  hearing  here  April  28,  and  was 
thus  cast: 

Anatole  . 
Pauline  . 

N.  S.  Wood 

C.  E.  Edwin 

.     .    J.  Peck 

Pearl  Eytinge 

Felix  Featherstone  .  .  C.  F.  Coghlan 
Harry  Prendergast  .  .  W.  R.  Floyd 
Arabella  Featherstone  .  Rose  Coghlan 

Uncle  John      ....      John  Gilbert 

Ethel Stella  Boniface 

Penelope Effie  Germon 

296      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE      D«?» 

"  Delicate  Ground  "  preceded  the  comedy,  with  Katharine  Rogers 
as  Pauline,  and  Mr.  Coghlan  as  Citizen  Sangfroid  A  novel  and 
unique  representation  of  "Pinafore"  in  miniature  commenced  May 
5  by  a  company  of  juvenile  actors.  They  gave  a  series  of  family 
matinees.  The  company  was  under  the  management  of  John  T. 
Ford  and  E.  E.  Zimmerman.  The  performances  were  g^ven  eadi 
day  in  the  week.     "  Pinafore  "  had  this  juvenile  cast : 

Sir  Joseph  Porter 
Ralph  Rackstraw 
Tom  Tucker    . 
Tom  Bowline  .    . 
Dick  Deadeye 
Capt.  Corcoran 
Josephine    .    . 

.  Harry  Davenport 
.  .  Miss  Jennie 
Baby  Belle  Goodman 
Harry  Wagner 
,  .  F.  W.  Hae(£ich 
,  .  .  .  J.  B.  Smith 
.     .     .  Nellie  Everest 

Phoebe    .    . 
Bill  BobsUy 
Bob  Becket 
First  Marine 
Buttercup    . 
Hebe      .    . 

.  IdaGallagfacr 
•  R.  Schnodt 
•  .  C.  Minchm 
B.  C.  AndenoD 
DoUie  Williams 
.  LilliePanlow 

The  season  closed  May  17,  and  a  summer  term  commenced  May 
19  with  "As  You  Like  It,"  Miss  Ada  Cavendish  being  the  star: 

Rosalind     .     . 

Duke  Frederick 

Jaaues    . 






Amiens  . 


Le  Beau 

Ada  Cavendish 

F.  A.  Tannehill 

Fred.  Robinson 

.  Jos.  Wheelock 

John  Gilbert 

.   Harry  Gilbert 

Chas.  Kockwell 

£.  M.  Holland 
.     .las.  Peakes 

Stella  Boniface 

W.  A.  Eytinge 

Banished  Duke    .    .    .  H.  A.  Weaier 

Sylvius J.  A.  Kennedy 

William C  E.  Edwin 

Jaques  De  Bois    .     .    .    .  M.  WQioi 

Charles R.  Wants 

Denis J.  Ped 

Louis Frank  LbD 

Eustace J.  Carter 

Audrey Effie  Gemoi 

Phebe Laura  WaDaoe 

"The  Hunchback,"  Miss  Cavendish  as  Julia,  June  4;  "Miss 
Gwilt,"  dramatized  from  Wilkie  Collins'  novel  of  "Armadale," 
was  acted  for  the  first  time  in  America  June  5,  with  this  cast: 

Allen  Armadale 
Major  Milroy 
Police  Detective 
Mr.  Darch 

Captain  Manuel  (first  appearance 

F.  1 

.  Henry  Lee 
Jos.  Wheelock 
E.  M.  HoUand 

.  .  F.  LuU 
C.  Rockwell 

here) F.  Hardenbergh 

Francis C.  E.  Edwis 

Miss  Mib-oy  .  .  .  Stella  Bonito 
Dr.  Downward  .  .  H.  A.  Weaver 
Tradesmen's  Boy  •  .  H.  Peanos 
Louisa  (first  appearance 

here)        Helen  Vioceflt 

Miss  Gwitt      .     .     .      Ada  Ga^endiik 

"  Woolfert's  Roost,  or  a  Legend  of  Sleepy  Hollow/'  by  George 
Fawcett  Rowe,  was  first  acted  on  the  stage  here  August  18,  with 
this  cast : 

Dolf  Haverstraw 
Katrina  .  . 
John  .  .  . 
The  Ghost  .  . 
Phoebe  .  .  • 
Ichabod  Crane 

.  .  .  Henry  Lee 
.  .  Kate  Forsyth 
£.  M.  Holland 
.  P.  A.  Anderson 
Connie  Thompson 
John  T.  Raymond 

Brom  Van  Brunt  . 
Baltiis  Van  Tassel 
Dame  Haverstraw 
Emma  .... 
Mrs.  Perkins   .    • 

F.  Hardenbofh 

J.  W.  Shannos 

Mme.  Pooisi 

Courtney  Barnef 

Josic  MjtB 

The  Maurice  Grau  French  opera  company  began  a  short  seasoa 
Sept.  15,  in  ''La  Fille  de  Mme.  Angot/'  which  had  this  cast: 





t     . 

Pada  Marie 

Mile.  Delorme 

.    MIIe.Sylla 

Mile.  Berthe 

Mile.  Armand 

Mile.  Daparc 

.   MUe.  SvUa 

Mile.  Estradere 

MUe.  J.  Debray 

MUe.  A.  Badn 

.    Mile.  Aogele 

Pompoimet Mr.  Jatean 

LarivaaiUere Mr.  Jouard 

LoQchard Mr.  Uiiplaii 

Trenitz Mr.  Vilano 

Cadet Mr.  Terande 

GoiUanme Mr.  Dnpois 

Butenx Mauriei 

Un  Incroyable     ....  Mr.  Terbd 
Un  Garcoo     .    •    •    •     Mr.  Moceau 
Ange  Pitott  (first  appearmce  in 
rrench  opera)  .    .  M.  Victor  Caponl 

le  next  regular  season  opened  Oct  4,  1879,  when  **  Contempt 
ourt "  was  seen  for  the  first  time,  and  with  this  cast : 

y   • 

le  . 

Harry  Beckett 

•    Ada  Dyzs 

Rose  Wood 

W.  R.  Floyd 

£.  M.  HoUand 

J.  W.  Shannon 

MarioUe  ....  Miss  E.  BlaisdeD 
Leopold  ....  W.  J.  Leonard 
Mr.  Delacoiir  .  Frank  Hardenbergh 
CoL  Lucenay  •  .  .  Qias.  RockweU 
Giraod  (first  ^>pearance  at 
this  theatre).    .    .    .  J.  ILGUmonr 

fter  thirty-two  consecutive  performances,  it  was  withdrawn 
6,  when  Byron's  "  Our  Girls "  was  acted  for  the  first  time, 
Iving  this  cast: 

i  Qench 


•    Hennr  Edwards 

.    .   J.  H.  Gilmonr 

Maorice  Barrymore 

Stella  Boniface 

Harry  Beckett 

Thomas C.  E.  Edwin 

MaUet W.  J.  Leonard 

Mrs.  Qench  ....  Mme.  VoniaH 
Mabel  Clench  .  •  .  Rose  Wood 
Jane Emma  Loraine 

lis  was  the  first  appearance  in  this  theatre  of  Hany  Edwards, 
rice  Barrymore,  and  Emma  Loraine.  Albert  Lancaster's 
telle,  or  False  and  True,"  followed.  It  was  founded  on 
buliez's  novel,    "Samuel    Brohl    and    Company,"  and  cast 

Barwood  Beech 
Blair  .  . 
Lord  MUroT 
Dr.  MoncHtt 
Millington  . 
Nicolo  .  . 

.    .  H.  Beckett 

.  E.  M.  HoUand 

.   J.  H.  Gilmour 

.  W.  J.  Leonard 

G.  C.  Sherman 

.  T.  Mor]g[an 

H.  Pearson 

t  Petrovsky      .    .     Gerald  Eyre 
If  Morton  Frederic  Robinson 

ce  Chantrey  Harry  Edwards 

Rosenthal    .     .     .     C.  E.  Edwin 

le Ada  Dyas 

ess Rose  Wood 

Blair Effie  Germon 

:)ld  Heads  and  Young  Hearts"  was  presented  Dec  24,  with 
first  appearance  this  season  of  John  Gilbert,  who  had  been 
»r  a  long  time.  He  acted  Jesse  Rural ;  J.  H.  Gilmour,  Charles 
>uck;  Maurice  Barrymore,  Littleton  Coke;  and  Ada  Dyas, 
f  Alice.  "She  Stoops  to  Conquer"  was  given  Dec  29^  with 
er  Wallack  as  Charles  Marlowe.  Con.  T.  Murphy  made  his 
t  here,  acting  Jeremy.  Lester  Wallack  had  but  just  returned 
a  Western  starring  tour.  This  comedy  was  acted  for  one 
:,  and  the  receipts  were  f  10,000;  for  tne  mating  %^»S^ 

298      A  HISTORY  OF  THE  NEW  YORK  STAGE       DWo 

"A  Scrap  of  Paper"  was  acted  Jan.  5,  1880,  when  Thomas  Jeffer- 
son (son  of  Joseph  Jeflferson)  made  his  first  appearance  here. 
"London  Assurance"  was  given  Jan.  12;  "She  Stoops  to  Con- 
quer," Jan.  19;  "My  Awful  Dad,"  Jan.  26.  "The  Shaughraun" 
was  revived  Feb.  2,  and  had  this  cast: 

Capt.  Molineux 
Robert  Ffolliott 
Qaire  Ffolliott 
Bridget  Madigan 
Father  Dolan  . 
Corry  Kinshela 
Harvey  Duff   . 

Maurice  Barr^ore 
.    J.  H.  Gilmour 
.     .     Ada  Dyas 
Miss  £.  BUisdell 
John  Gilbert 
Gerald  Eyre 
.  Harry  Beckett 

Conn  .  . 
Moya  .  . 
Reilly  .  . 
Arte  O'Neal 
Mrs.  O'KeUy 
Nancy    .    • 

Dion  Boudcault 
Stella  Boniface 
Con.  T.  Murphy 
Rose  Wood 
.  Mme.  Ponisi 
.  Minnie  Yiniog 

"The  Colleen  Bawn  "  was  produced  Feb.  24;   March  8  "The 
Liar  "  was  revived,  with  this  cast : 

Young  Wilding  .  .  Lester  Wallack 
Sir  James  Elliott,  Maurice  Barrymore 
Old  Wilding  ....  John  Gilbert 
Papillion Harry  Beckett 

John H.  Pearson,  Jr. 

Miss  Grantham    ....     Ada  Djas 
Miss  Godfrey  ....     Mme.  Ponisi 

"How  She  Loves  Him  "  was  produced  March  15,  with  this  cast: 

I  Atalanta  Cruiser  .  .  Stella  Boniface 
Lady  Selina  Raffleticket,  Mme.  Ponisi 
Mrs.  Tucker   .     .     .      Annie  MyrtcUe 

Dr.  Sparks 
Mrs.  Vacil  . 
Tippet    .     . 
Miss  Dilwyn 

C.  E.  Edwin 
Rose  Wood 
Minnie  Vinins 
Jenny  Boyd 

Tom  Vacil  ....  Lester  Wallack 

Diogenes     ....  Dion  Boucicault 

Dr.  Maximum      .    .  .  W.  J.  Leonard 

Dr.  Skwertz     ...  J.  W.  Shannon 

Sir  Richard  Hotspur  .     John  Gilbert 
Dick  Hartley  .     .    Maurice  Barrymore 

Capt.  Yawley  .     .    .  .  J.  H.  Gilmour 

Dr.  Minimum  .     .    •  Harry  Edwards 

This  was  the  first  time  Lester  Wallack  and  Dion  Boucicault 
were  seen  together  in  the  same  play.  A  matinee  benefit  was  given 
March  17  in  aid  of  The  Herald  Relief  fund  for  the  famine-stricken 
people  in  Ireland,  when  "How  She  Loves  Him"  was  played  to 
^591.50;  "Old  Heads  and  Young  Hearts"  was  seen  March  29; 
April  5  "To  Marry  or  Not  to  Marry"  was  played,  and  thus  cast: 

Sir  Oswin  Mortland, 
Mr.  Willowear     .     . 
Lady  Susan  Courtly 
Lora  Danberry     . 

Lester  Wallack 

.  Harry  Beckett 

.    Effie  Germon 

John  Gilbert 

Thomas H.  Pearson,  Jr. 

Hester Stella  Boniface 

Sarah  Mortland    .     .     .     Mme.  Pom» 

George  Hoey's  drama,  "A  Child  of  the  State,"  had  this  cast  for 
its  first  production  April  21 : 

The  Count  Maurice  de  Lancy, 

Maurice  Barrymore 
Frederich  Von  Helmich,  John  Gilbert 
Louise  Von  Helmich     .     .  Rosa  Rand 

Christian Gerald  Eyre 

Heinrich     ....      Harry  Edwards 
Gros  Rend  ....      Lester  Wallack 

Fritz W.  J.  Leonard 

Bidoche Geoige  Ulmer 

Hans  Verner   .     .     .     .     C.  E.  Edwin 

Carl H.  Pearson 

Gertrande Emily  Rigl 

Marie Marion  BooUi 

Carline Stella  Bonifsice 



iy  Awful  Dad  '*  was  revived  Bfay  34: 

I  Kotchbery 

ft    . 


Lester  Wallack 

J.  W.  ShanDoo 

Coo.  T.  Mnrplij 

.    Kate  BarUett 

Minnie  Vining 

.  Mils  K.  Sn^ 

Dibe CE.  Edwin 

Nibe H.  Peanon 

Cruets W.I.  Leonard 

Matilda Stelui  Boniface 

Mrs.  Bifgs      ....    Mme.  Pooisi 

sa  F.  Devere,  who  was  in  the  cast,  made  his  d  Aut  here.  The 
ng  performance  of  the  season  was  May  3ip  for  the  benefit  of 
I.  Floyd,  when  the  following  bill  was  offered:  '*To  Oblige 
on/*  the  third  act  of  "Othello": 

Edwin  Booth 

0 Chas.  Rockwell 

ia  .    .    .    •  Generieve  Reynolds 

Othello  .    . 

Joha  E.  McConovgh 
.    •    •  MariooBoolh 

this  came  "A  Morning  Call/'  Lester  Wallack  as  Sir 
aid  and  Ada  Dyas  as  Mrs.  Chillington.  This  was  succeeded 
le  third  and  fourth  acts  of  **  London  Assurance/'  Rose  Coghlan 
ady  Gay  Spanker,  and  the  entertainment  closed  with  ''The 
I  Lion/*  Ellie  Wilton  playing  Mrs.  Fitzgig.  A  special  per- 
ance  occurred  June  i  for  the  farewell  benefit  of  Harry  Beckett 
e  Household  Faiiy/'  one  act  of  ''She  Stoops  to  Conquer/'  one 
f  "The  Lady  of  LyonSp"  "Married,"  and  Professor  Herrmann 
I  up  the  programme. 

summer  season  commenced  June  5»  with  F.  S  Chanfrau  in 
:/'  which  had  this  cast: 

•  Geo.  Woodward 
W.  J.  Leonard 
Stella  Bonifiue 

•  .  Marion  Booth 
Victoria  Cameron 

.    .    J.  McDonald 

•  .W.  V.  Ranous 


Snnggs  ....  Leslie  Allen 
'  Squigs  .  .  •  .  H.  A.  Weaver 
ington  Stubbs  .  .  S.  H.  Vernev 
el  Bond  .  .  .  Fulton  Russell 
Fitzfoley  .  .  •  !•  H.  Gilmour 
\  Temple      .    •    •  B.  F.  Homing 

iorge  Conquest,  with  a  burlesque  and  pantomime  troupe,  ap- 
m1  Aug.  5,  in  ''Grim  Goblin/'  a  two-act  extravaganza,  with 

Smith  . 
Capt.  Wheeler 
Alice  Redding 
Mrs.  Stubbs  . 
Mrs.  Temple  . 
Frau  Pedaers  . 
Sir  Parker  .    . 



s  Pigmy 

George  Conquest 

Taropire  Bat  J 

Vidow  Grizzlegrief,  Harry  Allen 
ones  .  .  George  Conquest,  Jr.